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authorMichael Ellerman <michael@ellerman.id.au>2013-06-28 08:15:16 (GMT)
committerBenjamin Herrenschmidt <benh@kernel.crashing.org>2013-07-01 01:50:10 (GMT)
commit330a1eb7775ba876dbd46b9885556e57f705e3d4 (patch)
tree138693772ff043ec23e335a1ef42df7a7d5707ba /arch/powerpc/perf
parent2ac138ca21ad26c988ce7c91d27327f85beb7519 (diff)
powerpc/perf: Core EBB support for 64-bit book3s
Add support for EBB (Event Based Branches) on 64-bit book3s. See the included documentation for more details. EBBs are a feature which allows the hardware to branch directly to a specified user space address when a PMU event overflows. This can be used by programs for self-monitoring with no kernel involvement in the inner loop. Most of the logic is in the generic book3s code, primarily to avoid a proliferation of PMU callbacks. Signed-off-by: Michael Ellerman <michael@ellerman.id.au> Signed-off-by: Benjamin Herrenschmidt <benh@kernel.crashing.org>
Diffstat (limited to 'arch/powerpc/perf')
-rw-r--r--arch/powerpc/perf/core-book3s.c161
1 files changed, 148 insertions, 13 deletions
diff --git a/arch/powerpc/perf/core-book3s.c b/arch/powerpc/perf/core-book3s.c
index c91dc43..a3985ae 100644
--- a/arch/powerpc/perf/core-book3s.c
+++ b/arch/powerpc/perf/core-book3s.c
@@ -77,6 +77,9 @@ static unsigned int freeze_events_kernel = MMCR0_FCS;
#define MMCR0_PMCjCE MMCR0_PMCnCE
#define MMCR0_FC56 0
#define MMCR0_PMAO 0
+#define MMCR0_EBE 0
+#define MMCR0_PMCC 0
+#define MMCR0_PMCC_U6 0
#define SPRN_MMCRA SPRN_MMCR2
#define MMCRA_SAMPLE_ENABLE 0
@@ -104,6 +107,15 @@ static inline int siar_valid(struct pt_regs *regs)
return 1;
}
+static bool is_ebb_event(struct perf_event *event) { return false; }
+static int ebb_event_check(struct perf_event *event) { return 0; }
+static void ebb_event_add(struct perf_event *event) { }
+static void ebb_switch_out(unsigned long mmcr0) { }
+static unsigned long ebb_switch_in(bool ebb, unsigned long mmcr0)
+{
+ return mmcr0;
+}
+
static inline void power_pmu_bhrb_enable(struct perf_event *event) {}
static inline void power_pmu_bhrb_disable(struct perf_event *event) {}
void power_pmu_flush_branch_stack(void) {}
@@ -464,6 +476,89 @@ void power_pmu_bhrb_read(struct cpu_hw_events *cpuhw)
return;
}
+static bool is_ebb_event(struct perf_event *event)
+{
+ /*
+ * This could be a per-PMU callback, but we'd rather avoid the cost. We
+ * check that the PMU supports EBB, meaning those that don't can still
+ * use bit 63 of the event code for something else if they wish.
+ */
+ return (ppmu->flags & PPMU_EBB) &&
+ ((event->attr.config >> EVENT_CONFIG_EBB_SHIFT) & 1);
+}
+
+static int ebb_event_check(struct perf_event *event)
+{
+ struct perf_event *leader = event->group_leader;
+
+ /* Event and group leader must agree on EBB */
+ if (is_ebb_event(leader) != is_ebb_event(event))
+ return -EINVAL;
+
+ if (is_ebb_event(event)) {
+ if (!(event->attach_state & PERF_ATTACH_TASK))
+ return -EINVAL;
+
+ if (!leader->attr.pinned || !leader->attr.exclusive)
+ return -EINVAL;
+
+ if (event->attr.inherit || event->attr.sample_period ||
+ event->attr.enable_on_exec || event->attr.freq)
+ return -EINVAL;
+ }
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static void ebb_event_add(struct perf_event *event)
+{
+ if (!is_ebb_event(event) || current->thread.used_ebb)
+ return;
+
+ /*
+ * IFF this is the first time we've added an EBB event, set
+ * PMXE in the user MMCR0 so we can detect when it's cleared by
+ * userspace. We need this so that we can context switch while
+ * userspace is in the EBB handler (where PMXE is 0).
+ */
+ current->thread.used_ebb = 1;
+ current->thread.mmcr0 |= MMCR0_PMXE;
+}
+
+static void ebb_switch_out(unsigned long mmcr0)
+{
+ if (!(mmcr0 & MMCR0_EBE))
+ return;
+
+ current->thread.siar = mfspr(SPRN_SIAR);
+ current->thread.sier = mfspr(SPRN_SIER);
+ current->thread.sdar = mfspr(SPRN_SDAR);
+ current->thread.mmcr0 = mmcr0 & MMCR0_USER_MASK;
+ current->thread.mmcr2 = mfspr(SPRN_MMCR2) & MMCR2_USER_MASK;
+}
+
+static unsigned long ebb_switch_in(bool ebb, unsigned long mmcr0)
+{
+ if (!ebb)
+ goto out;
+
+ /* Enable EBB and read/write to all 6 PMCs for userspace */
+ mmcr0 |= MMCR0_EBE | MMCR0_PMCC_U6;
+
+ /* Add any bits from the user reg, FC or PMAO */
+ mmcr0 |= current->thread.mmcr0;
+
+ /* Be careful not to set PMXE if userspace had it cleared */
+ if (!(current->thread.mmcr0 & MMCR0_PMXE))
+ mmcr0 &= ~MMCR0_PMXE;
+
+ mtspr(SPRN_SIAR, current->thread.siar);
+ mtspr(SPRN_SIER, current->thread.sier);
+ mtspr(SPRN_SDAR, current->thread.sdar);
+ mtspr(SPRN_MMCR2, current->thread.mmcr2);
+out:
+ return mmcr0;
+}
#endif /* CONFIG_PPC64 */
static void perf_event_interrupt(struct pt_regs *regs);
@@ -734,6 +829,13 @@ static void power_pmu_read(struct perf_event *event)
if (!event->hw.idx)
return;
+
+ if (is_ebb_event(event)) {
+ val = read_pmc(event->hw.idx);
+ local64_set(&event->hw.prev_count, val);
+ return;
+ }
+
/*
* Performance monitor interrupts come even when interrupts
* are soft-disabled, as long as interrupts are hard-enabled.
@@ -854,7 +956,7 @@ static void write_mmcr0(struct cpu_hw_events *cpuhw, unsigned long mmcr0)
static void power_pmu_disable(struct pmu *pmu)
{
struct cpu_hw_events *cpuhw;
- unsigned long flags, val;
+ unsigned long flags, mmcr0, val;
if (!ppmu)
return;
@@ -871,11 +973,11 @@ static void power_pmu_disable(struct pmu *pmu)
}
/*
- * Set the 'freeze counters' bit, clear PMAO/FC56.
+ * Set the 'freeze counters' bit, clear EBE/PMCC/PMAO/FC56.
*/
- val = mfspr(SPRN_MMCR0);
+ val = mmcr0 = mfspr(SPRN_MMCR0);
val |= MMCR0_FC;
- val &= ~(MMCR0_PMAO | MMCR0_FC56);
+ val &= ~(MMCR0_EBE | MMCR0_PMCC | MMCR0_PMAO | MMCR0_FC56);
/*
* The barrier is to make sure the mtspr has been
@@ -896,7 +998,10 @@ static void power_pmu_disable(struct pmu *pmu)
cpuhw->disabled = 1;
cpuhw->n_added = 0;
+
+ ebb_switch_out(mmcr0);
}
+
local_irq_restore(flags);
}
@@ -911,15 +1016,15 @@ static void power_pmu_enable(struct pmu *pmu)
struct cpu_hw_events *cpuhw;
unsigned long flags;
long i;
- unsigned long val;
+ unsigned long val, mmcr0;
s64 left;
unsigned int hwc_index[MAX_HWEVENTS];
int n_lim;
int idx;
+ bool ebb;
if (!ppmu)
return;
-
local_irq_save(flags);
cpuhw = &__get_cpu_var(cpu_hw_events);
@@ -934,6 +1039,13 @@ static void power_pmu_enable(struct pmu *pmu)
cpuhw->disabled = 0;
/*
+ * EBB requires an exclusive group and all events must have the EBB
+ * flag set, or not set, so we can just check a single event. Also we
+ * know we have at least one event.
+ */
+ ebb = is_ebb_event(cpuhw->event[0]);
+
+ /*
* If we didn't change anything, or only removed events,
* no need to recalculate MMCR* settings and reset the PMCs.
* Just reenable the PMU with the current MMCR* settings
@@ -1008,25 +1120,34 @@ static void power_pmu_enable(struct pmu *pmu)
++n_lim;
continue;
}
- val = 0;
- if (event->hw.sample_period) {
- left = local64_read(&event->hw.period_left);
- if (left < 0x80000000L)
- val = 0x80000000L - left;
+
+ if (ebb)
+ val = local64_read(&event->hw.prev_count);
+ else {
+ val = 0;
+ if (event->hw.sample_period) {
+ left = local64_read(&event->hw.period_left);
+ if (left < 0x80000000L)
+ val = 0x80000000L - left;
+ }
+ local64_set(&event->hw.prev_count, val);
}
- local64_set(&event->hw.prev_count, val);
+
event->hw.idx = idx;
if (event->hw.state & PERF_HES_STOPPED)
val = 0;
write_pmc(idx, val);
+
perf_event_update_userpage(event);
}
cpuhw->n_limited = n_lim;
cpuhw->mmcr[0] |= MMCR0_PMXE | MMCR0_FCECE;
out_enable:
+ mmcr0 = ebb_switch_in(ebb, cpuhw->mmcr[0]);
+
mb();
- write_mmcr0(cpuhw, cpuhw->mmcr[0]);
+ write_mmcr0(cpuhw, mmcr0);
/*
* Enable instruction sampling if necessary
@@ -1124,6 +1245,8 @@ static int power_pmu_add(struct perf_event *event, int ef_flags)
event->hw.config = cpuhw->events[n0];
nocheck:
+ ebb_event_add(event);
+
++cpuhw->n_events;
++cpuhw->n_added;
@@ -1484,6 +1607,11 @@ static int power_pmu_event_init(struct perf_event *event)
}
}
+ /* Extra checks for EBB */
+ err = ebb_event_check(event);
+ if (err)
+ return err;
+
/*
* If this is in a group, check if it can go on with all the
* other hardware events in the group. We assume the event
@@ -1523,6 +1651,13 @@ static int power_pmu_event_init(struct perf_event *event)
local64_set(&event->hw.period_left, event->hw.last_period);
/*
+ * For EBB events we just context switch the PMC value, we don't do any
+ * of the sample_period logic. We use hw.prev_count for this.
+ */
+ if (is_ebb_event(event))
+ local64_set(&event->hw.prev_count, 0);
+
+ /*
* See if we need to reserve the PMU.
* If no events are currently in use, then we have to take a
* mutex to ensure that we don't race with another task doing

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