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authorBenjamin Herrenschmidt <benh@kernel.crashing.org>2014-02-11 00:32:38 (GMT)
committerBenjamin Herrenschmidt <benh@kernel.crashing.org>2014-02-11 05:07:37 (GMT)
commitcd15b048445d0a54f7147c35a86c5a16ef231554 (patch)
tree80c7e63624143adc5d453106ec13f445438c6135 /arch/powerpc
parentea961a828fe7250e954f086d74d9323c3d44c3e4 (diff)
powerpc/powernv: Add iommu DMA bypass support for IODA2
This patch adds the support for to create a direct iommu "bypass" window on IODA2 bridges (such as Power8) allowing to bypass iommu page translation completely for 64-bit DMA capable devices, thus significantly improving DMA performances. Additionally, this adds a hook to the struct iommu_table so that the IOMMU API / VFIO can disable the bypass when external ownership is requested, since in that case, the device will be used by an environment such as userspace or a KVM guest which must not be allowed to bypass translations. Signed-off-by: Benjamin Herrenschmidt <benh@kernel.crashing.org>
Diffstat (limited to 'arch/powerpc')
-rw-r--r--arch/powerpc/include/asm/dma-mapping.h1
-rw-r--r--arch/powerpc/include/asm/iommu.h1
-rw-r--r--arch/powerpc/kernel/dma.c10
-rw-r--r--arch/powerpc/kernel/iommu.c12
-rw-r--r--arch/powerpc/platforms/powernv/pci-ioda.c84
-rw-r--r--arch/powerpc/platforms/powernv/pci.c10
-rw-r--r--arch/powerpc/platforms/powernv/pci.h6
-rw-r--r--arch/powerpc/platforms/powernv/powernv.h8
-rw-r--r--arch/powerpc/platforms/powernv/setup.c9
9 files changed, 137 insertions, 4 deletions
diff --git a/arch/powerpc/include/asm/dma-mapping.h b/arch/powerpc/include/asm/dma-mapping.h
index e27e9ad..150866b 100644
--- a/arch/powerpc/include/asm/dma-mapping.h
+++ b/arch/powerpc/include/asm/dma-mapping.h
@@ -134,6 +134,7 @@ static inline int dma_supported(struct device *dev, u64 mask)
}
extern int dma_set_mask(struct device *dev, u64 dma_mask);
+extern int __dma_set_mask(struct device *dev, u64 dma_mask);
#define dma_alloc_coherent(d,s,h,f) dma_alloc_attrs(d,s,h,f,NULL)
diff --git a/arch/powerpc/include/asm/iommu.h b/arch/powerpc/include/asm/iommu.h
index f7a8036..42632c7 100644
--- a/arch/powerpc/include/asm/iommu.h
+++ b/arch/powerpc/include/asm/iommu.h
@@ -77,6 +77,7 @@ struct iommu_table {
#ifdef CONFIG_IOMMU_API
struct iommu_group *it_group;
#endif
+ void (*set_bypass)(struct iommu_table *tbl, bool enable);
};
/* Pure 2^n version of get_order */
diff --git a/arch/powerpc/kernel/dma.c b/arch/powerpc/kernel/dma.c
index 8032b97..ee78f6e 100644
--- a/arch/powerpc/kernel/dma.c
+++ b/arch/powerpc/kernel/dma.c
@@ -191,12 +191,10 @@ EXPORT_SYMBOL(dma_direct_ops);
#define PREALLOC_DMA_DEBUG_ENTRIES (1 << 16)
-int dma_set_mask(struct device *dev, u64 dma_mask)
+int __dma_set_mask(struct device *dev, u64 dma_mask)
{
struct dma_map_ops *dma_ops = get_dma_ops(dev);
- if (ppc_md.dma_set_mask)
- return ppc_md.dma_set_mask(dev, dma_mask);
if ((dma_ops != NULL) && (dma_ops->set_dma_mask != NULL))
return dma_ops->set_dma_mask(dev, dma_mask);
if (!dev->dma_mask || !dma_supported(dev, dma_mask))
@@ -204,6 +202,12 @@ int dma_set_mask(struct device *dev, u64 dma_mask)
*dev->dma_mask = dma_mask;
return 0;
}
+int dma_set_mask(struct device *dev, u64 dma_mask)
+{
+ if (ppc_md.dma_set_mask)
+ return ppc_md.dma_set_mask(dev, dma_mask);
+ return __dma_set_mask(dev, dma_mask);
+}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(dma_set_mask);
u64 dma_get_required_mask(struct device *dev)
diff --git a/arch/powerpc/kernel/iommu.c b/arch/powerpc/kernel/iommu.c
index d773dd4..88e3ec6 100644
--- a/arch/powerpc/kernel/iommu.c
+++ b/arch/powerpc/kernel/iommu.c
@@ -1088,6 +1088,14 @@ int iommu_take_ownership(struct iommu_table *tbl)
memset(tbl->it_map, 0xff, sz);
iommu_clear_tces_and_put_pages(tbl, tbl->it_offset, tbl->it_size);
+ /*
+ * Disable iommu bypass, otherwise the user can DMA to all of
+ * our physical memory via the bypass window instead of just
+ * the pages that has been explicitly mapped into the iommu
+ */
+ if (tbl->set_bypass)
+ tbl->set_bypass(tbl, false);
+
return 0;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(iommu_take_ownership);
@@ -1102,6 +1110,10 @@ void iommu_release_ownership(struct iommu_table *tbl)
/* Restore bit#0 set by iommu_init_table() */
if (tbl->it_offset == 0)
set_bit(0, tbl->it_map);
+
+ /* The kernel owns the device now, we can restore the iommu bypass */
+ if (tbl->set_bypass)
+ tbl->set_bypass(tbl, true);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(iommu_release_ownership);
diff --git a/arch/powerpc/platforms/powernv/pci-ioda.c b/arch/powerpc/platforms/powernv/pci-ioda.c
index 7d6dcc6..3b2b4fb 100644
--- a/arch/powerpc/platforms/powernv/pci-ioda.c
+++ b/arch/powerpc/platforms/powernv/pci-ioda.c
@@ -21,6 +21,7 @@
#include <linux/irq.h>
#include <linux/io.h>
#include <linux/msi.h>
+#include <linux/memblock.h>
#include <asm/sections.h>
#include <asm/io.h>
@@ -460,9 +461,39 @@ static void pnv_pci_ioda_dma_dev_setup(struct pnv_phb *phb, struct pci_dev *pdev
return;
pe = &phb->ioda.pe_array[pdn->pe_number];
+ WARN_ON(get_dma_ops(&pdev->dev) != &dma_iommu_ops);
set_iommu_table_base_and_group(&pdev->dev, &pe->tce32_table);
}
+static int pnv_pci_ioda_dma_set_mask(struct pnv_phb *phb,
+ struct pci_dev *pdev, u64 dma_mask)
+{
+ struct pci_dn *pdn = pci_get_pdn(pdev);
+ struct pnv_ioda_pe *pe;
+ uint64_t top;
+ bool bypass = false;
+
+ if (WARN_ON(!pdn || pdn->pe_number == IODA_INVALID_PE))
+ return -ENODEV;;
+
+ pe = &phb->ioda.pe_array[pdn->pe_number];
+ if (pe->tce_bypass_enabled) {
+ top = pe->tce_bypass_base + memblock_end_of_DRAM() - 1;
+ bypass = (dma_mask >= top);
+ }
+
+ if (bypass) {
+ dev_info(&pdev->dev, "Using 64-bit DMA iommu bypass\n");
+ set_dma_ops(&pdev->dev, &dma_direct_ops);
+ set_dma_offset(&pdev->dev, pe->tce_bypass_base);
+ } else {
+ dev_info(&pdev->dev, "Using 32-bit DMA via iommu\n");
+ set_dma_ops(&pdev->dev, &dma_iommu_ops);
+ set_iommu_table_base(&pdev->dev, &pe->tce32_table);
+ }
+ return 0;
+}
+
static void pnv_ioda_setup_bus_dma(struct pnv_ioda_pe *pe, struct pci_bus *bus)
{
struct pci_dev *dev;
@@ -657,6 +688,56 @@ static void pnv_pci_ioda_setup_dma_pe(struct pnv_phb *phb,
__free_pages(tce_mem, get_order(TCE32_TABLE_SIZE * segs));
}
+static void pnv_pci_ioda2_set_bypass(struct iommu_table *tbl, bool enable)
+{
+ struct pnv_ioda_pe *pe = container_of(tbl, struct pnv_ioda_pe,
+ tce32_table);
+ uint16_t window_id = (pe->pe_number << 1 ) + 1;
+ int64_t rc;
+
+ pe_info(pe, "%sabling 64-bit DMA bypass\n", enable ? "En" : "Dis");
+ if (enable) {
+ phys_addr_t top = memblock_end_of_DRAM();
+
+ top = roundup_pow_of_two(top);
+ rc = opal_pci_map_pe_dma_window_real(pe->phb->opal_id,
+ pe->pe_number,
+ window_id,
+ pe->tce_bypass_base,
+ top);
+ } else {
+ rc = opal_pci_map_pe_dma_window_real(pe->phb->opal_id,
+ pe->pe_number,
+ window_id,
+ pe->tce_bypass_base,
+ 0);
+
+ /*
+ * We might want to reset the DMA ops of all devices on
+ * this PE. However in theory, that shouldn't be necessary
+ * as this is used for VFIO/KVM pass-through and the device
+ * hasn't yet been returned to its kernel driver
+ */
+ }
+ if (rc)
+ pe_err(pe, "OPAL error %lld configuring bypass window\n", rc);
+ else
+ pe->tce_bypass_enabled = enable;
+}
+
+static void pnv_pci_ioda2_setup_bypass_pe(struct pnv_phb *phb,
+ struct pnv_ioda_pe *pe)
+{
+ /* TVE #1 is selected by PCI address bit 59 */
+ pe->tce_bypass_base = 1ull << 59;
+
+ /* Install set_bypass callback for VFIO */
+ pe->tce32_table.set_bypass = pnv_pci_ioda2_set_bypass;
+
+ /* Enable bypass by default */
+ pnv_pci_ioda2_set_bypass(&pe->tce32_table, true);
+}
+
static void pnv_pci_ioda2_setup_dma_pe(struct pnv_phb *phb,
struct pnv_ioda_pe *pe)
{
@@ -727,6 +808,8 @@ static void pnv_pci_ioda2_setup_dma_pe(struct pnv_phb *phb,
else
pnv_ioda_setup_bus_dma(pe, pe->pbus);
+ /* Also create a bypass window */
+ pnv_pci_ioda2_setup_bypass_pe(phb, pe);
return;
fail:
if (pe->tce32_seg >= 0)
@@ -1286,6 +1369,7 @@ void __init pnv_pci_init_ioda_phb(struct device_node *np,
/* Setup TCEs */
phb->dma_dev_setup = pnv_pci_ioda_dma_dev_setup;
+ phb->dma_set_mask = pnv_pci_ioda_dma_set_mask;
/* Setup shutdown function for kexec */
phb->shutdown = pnv_pci_ioda_shutdown;
diff --git a/arch/powerpc/platforms/powernv/pci.c b/arch/powerpc/platforms/powernv/pci.c
index b555ebc..95633d7 100644
--- a/arch/powerpc/platforms/powernv/pci.c
+++ b/arch/powerpc/platforms/powernv/pci.c
@@ -634,6 +634,16 @@ static void pnv_pci_dma_dev_setup(struct pci_dev *pdev)
pnv_pci_dma_fallback_setup(hose, pdev);
}
+int pnv_pci_dma_set_mask(struct pci_dev *pdev, u64 dma_mask)
+{
+ struct pci_controller *hose = pci_bus_to_host(pdev->bus);
+ struct pnv_phb *phb = hose->private_data;
+
+ if (phb && phb->dma_set_mask)
+ return phb->dma_set_mask(phb, pdev, dma_mask);
+ return __dma_set_mask(&pdev->dev, dma_mask);
+}
+
void pnv_pci_shutdown(void)
{
struct pci_controller *hose;
diff --git a/arch/powerpc/platforms/powernv/pci.h b/arch/powerpc/platforms/powernv/pci.h
index 13f1942..cde1694 100644
--- a/arch/powerpc/platforms/powernv/pci.h
+++ b/arch/powerpc/platforms/powernv/pci.h
@@ -54,7 +54,9 @@ struct pnv_ioda_pe {
struct iommu_table tce32_table;
phys_addr_t tce_inval_reg_phys;
- /* XXX TODO: Add support for additional 64-bit iommus */
+ /* 64-bit TCE bypass region */
+ bool tce_bypass_enabled;
+ uint64_t tce_bypass_base;
/* MSIs. MVE index is identical for for 32 and 64 bit MSI
* and -1 if not supported. (It's actually identical to the
@@ -113,6 +115,8 @@ struct pnv_phb {
unsigned int hwirq, unsigned int virq,
unsigned int is_64, struct msi_msg *msg);
void (*dma_dev_setup)(struct pnv_phb *phb, struct pci_dev *pdev);
+ int (*dma_set_mask)(struct pnv_phb *phb, struct pci_dev *pdev,
+ u64 dma_mask);
void (*fixup_phb)(struct pci_controller *hose);
u32 (*bdfn_to_pe)(struct pnv_phb *phb, struct pci_bus *bus, u32 devfn);
void (*shutdown)(struct pnv_phb *phb);
diff --git a/arch/powerpc/platforms/powernv/powernv.h b/arch/powerpc/platforms/powernv/powernv.h
index de6819b..0051e10 100644
--- a/arch/powerpc/platforms/powernv/powernv.h
+++ b/arch/powerpc/platforms/powernv/powernv.h
@@ -7,12 +7,20 @@ extern void pnv_smp_init(void);
static inline void pnv_smp_init(void) { }
#endif
+struct pci_dev;
+
#ifdef CONFIG_PCI
extern void pnv_pci_init(void);
extern void pnv_pci_shutdown(void);
+extern int pnv_pci_dma_set_mask(struct pci_dev *pdev, u64 dma_mask);
#else
static inline void pnv_pci_init(void) { }
static inline void pnv_pci_shutdown(void) { }
+
+static inline int pnv_pci_dma_set_mask(struct pci_dev *pdev, u64 dma_mask)
+{
+ return -ENODEV;
+}
#endif
extern void pnv_lpc_init(void);
diff --git a/arch/powerpc/platforms/powernv/setup.c b/arch/powerpc/platforms/powernv/setup.c
index 21166f6..110f4fb 100644
--- a/arch/powerpc/platforms/powernv/setup.c
+++ b/arch/powerpc/platforms/powernv/setup.c
@@ -27,6 +27,7 @@
#include <linux/interrupt.h>
#include <linux/bug.h>
#include <linux/cpuidle.h>
+#include <linux/pci.h>
#include <asm/machdep.h>
#include <asm/firmware.h>
@@ -141,6 +142,13 @@ static void pnv_progress(char *s, unsigned short hex)
{
}
+static int pnv_dma_set_mask(struct device *dev, u64 dma_mask)
+{
+ if (dev_is_pci(dev))
+ return pnv_pci_dma_set_mask(to_pci_dev(dev), dma_mask);
+ return __dma_set_mask(dev, dma_mask);
+}
+
static void pnv_shutdown(void)
{
/* Let the PCI code clear up IODA tables */
@@ -238,6 +246,7 @@ define_machine(powernv) {
.machine_shutdown = pnv_shutdown,
.power_save = powernv_idle,
.calibrate_decr = generic_calibrate_decr,
+ .dma_set_mask = pnv_dma_set_mask,
#ifdef CONFIG_KEXEC
.kexec_cpu_down = pnv_kexec_cpu_down,
#endif

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