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authorAvi Kivity <avi.kivity@gmail.com>2013-01-04 16:18:48 +0200
committerMarcelo Tosatti <mtosatti@redhat.com>2013-01-09 17:39:17 -0200
commite28bbd44dad134046ef9463cbb8c1cf81f53de5e (patch)
treeba58057fd3ad51430fffe57e41d7bc3be62b91db /arch/x86/kvm/emulate.c
parentb09408d00fd82be80289a329dd94d1a0d6b77dc2 (diff)
KVM: x86 emulator: framework for streamlining arithmetic opcodes
We emulate arithmetic opcodes by executing a "similar" (same operation, different operands) on the cpu. This ensures accurate emulation, esp. wrt. eflags. However, the prologue and epilogue around the opcode is fairly long, consisting of a switch (for the operand size) and code to load and save the operands. This is repeated for every opcode. This patch introduces an alternative way to emulate arithmetic opcodes. Instead of the above, we have four (three on i386) functions consisting of just the opcode and a ret; one for each operand size. For example: .align 8 em_notb: not %al ret .align 8 em_notw: not %ax ret .align 8 em_notl: not %eax ret .align 8 em_notq: not %rax ret The prologue and epilogue are shared across all opcodes. Note the functions use a special calling convention; notably eflags is an input/output parameter and is not clobbered. Rather than dispatching the four functions through a jump table, the functions are declared as a constant size (8) so their address can be calculated. Acked-by: Gleb Natapov <gleb@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: Avi Kivity <avi.kivity@gmail.com> Signed-off-by: Marcelo Tosatti <mtosatti@redhat.com>
Diffstat (limited to 'arch/x86/kvm/emulate.c')
-rw-r--r--arch/x86/kvm/emulate.c41
1 files changed, 41 insertions, 0 deletions
diff --git a/arch/x86/kvm/emulate.c b/arch/x86/kvm/emulate.c
index 53c5ad6851d1..dd71567d7c71 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kvm/emulate.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kvm/emulate.c
@@ -149,6 +149,7 @@
#define Aligned ((u64)1 << 41) /* Explicitly aligned (e.g. MOVDQA) */
#define Unaligned ((u64)1 << 42) /* Explicitly unaligned (e.g. MOVDQU) */
#define Avx ((u64)1 << 43) /* Advanced Vector Extensions */
+#define Fastop ((u64)1 << 44) /* Use opcode::u.fastop */
#define X2(x...) x, x
#define X3(x...) X2(x), x
@@ -159,6 +160,27 @@
#define X8(x...) X4(x), X4(x)
#define X16(x...) X8(x), X8(x)
+#define NR_FASTOP (ilog2(sizeof(ulong)) + 1)
+#define FASTOP_SIZE 8
+
+/*
+ * fastop functions have a special calling convention:
+ *
+ * dst: [rdx]:rax (in/out)
+ * src: rbx (in/out)
+ * src2: rcx (in)
+ * flags: rflags (in/out)
+ *
+ * Moreover, they are all exactly FASTOP_SIZE bytes long, so functions for
+ * different operand sizes can be reached by calculation, rather than a jump
+ * table (which would be bigger than the code).
+ *
+ * fastop functions are declared as taking a never-defined fastop parameter,
+ * so they can't be called from C directly.
+ */
+
+struct fastop;
+
struct opcode {
u64 flags : 56;
u64 intercept : 8;
@@ -168,6 +190,7 @@ struct opcode {
const struct group_dual *gdual;
const struct gprefix *gprefix;
const struct escape *esc;
+ void (*fastop)(struct fastop *fake);
} u;
int (*check_perm)(struct x86_emulate_ctxt *ctxt);
};
@@ -3646,6 +3669,7 @@ static int check_perm_out(struct x86_emulate_ctxt *ctxt)
#define GD(_f, _g) { .flags = ((_f) | GroupDual | ModRM), .u.gdual = (_g) }
#define E(_f, _e) { .flags = ((_f) | Escape | ModRM), .u.esc = (_e) }
#define I(_f, _e) { .flags = (_f), .u.execute = (_e) }
+#define F(_f, _e) { .flags = (_f) | Fastop, .u.fastop = (_e) }
#define II(_f, _e, _i) \
{ .flags = (_f), .u.execute = (_e), .intercept = x86_intercept_##_i }
#define IIP(_f, _e, _i, _p) \
@@ -4502,6 +4526,16 @@ static void fetch_possible_mmx_operand(struct x86_emulate_ctxt *ctxt,
read_mmx_reg(ctxt, &op->mm_val, op->addr.mm);
}
+static int fastop(struct x86_emulate_ctxt *ctxt, void (*fop)(struct fastop *))
+{
+ ulong flags = (ctxt->eflags & EFLAGS_MASK) | X86_EFLAGS_IF;
+ fop += __ffs(ctxt->dst.bytes) * FASTOP_SIZE;
+ asm("push %[flags]; popf; call *%[fastop]; pushf; pop %[flags]\n"
+ : "+a"(ctxt->dst.val), "+b"(ctxt->src.val), [flags]"+D"(flags)
+ : "c"(ctxt->src2.val), [fastop]"S"(fop));
+ ctxt->eflags = (ctxt->eflags & ~EFLAGS_MASK) | (flags & EFLAGS_MASK);
+ return X86EMUL_CONTINUE;
+}
int x86_emulate_insn(struct x86_emulate_ctxt *ctxt)
{
@@ -4631,6 +4665,13 @@ special_insn:
}
if (ctxt->execute) {
+ if (ctxt->d & Fastop) {
+ void (*fop)(struct fastop *) = (void *)ctxt->execute;
+ rc = fastop(ctxt, fop);
+ if (rc != X86EMUL_CONTINUE)
+ goto done;
+ goto writeback;
+ }
rc = ctxt->execute(ctxt);
if (rc != X86EMUL_CONTINUE)
goto done;

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