aboutsummaryrefslogtreecommitdiffstats
path: root/arch/x86/kernel/head.c
blob: 992f442ca15511d1d0c2c5773cd26e31b9d353c3 (plain)
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
69
70
71
#include <linux/kernel.h>
#include <linux/init.h>
#include <linux/memblock.h>

#include <asm/setup.h>
#include <asm/bios_ebda.h>

/*
 * The BIOS places the EBDA/XBDA at the top of conventional
 * memory, and usually decreases the reported amount of
 * conventional memory (int 0x12) too. This also contains a
 * workaround for Dell systems that neglect to reserve EBDA.
 * The same workaround also avoids a problem with the AMD768MPX
 * chipset: reserve a page before VGA to prevent PCI prefetch
 * into it (errata #56). Usually the page is reserved anyways,
 * unless you have no PS/2 mouse plugged in.
 *
 * This functions is deliberately very conservative.  Losing
 * memory in the bottom megabyte is rarely a problem, as long
 * as we have enough memory to install the trampoline.  Using
 * memory that is in use by the BIOS or by some DMA device
 * the BIOS didn't shut down *is* a big problem.
 */

#define BIOS_LOWMEM_KILOBYTES	0x413
#define LOWMEM_CAP		0x9f000U	/* Absolute maximum */
#define INSANE_CUTOFF		0x20000U	/* Less than this = insane */

void __init reserve_ebda_region(void)
{
	unsigned int lowmem, ebda_addr;

	/*
	 * To determine the position of the EBDA and the
	 * end of conventional memory, we need to look at
	 * the BIOS data area. In a paravirtual environment
	 * that area is absent. We'll just have to assume
	 * that the paravirt case can handle memory setup
	 * correctly, without our help.
	 */
	if (paravirt_enabled())
		return;

	/* end of low (conventional) memory */
	lowmem = *(unsigned short *)__va(BIOS_LOWMEM_KILOBYTES);
	lowmem <<= 10;

	/* start of EBDA area */
	ebda_addr = get_bios_ebda();

	/*
	 * Note: some old Dells seem to need 4k EBDA without
	 * reporting so, so just consider the memory above 0x9f000
	 * to be off limits (bugzilla 2990).
	 */

	/* If the EBDA address is below 128K, assume it is bogus */
	if (ebda_addr < INSANE_CUTOFF)
		ebda_addr = LOWMEM_CAP;

	/* If lowmem is less than 128K, assume it is bogus */
	if (lowmem < INSANE_CUTOFF)
		lowmem = LOWMEM_CAP;

	/* Use the lower of the lowmem and EBDA markers as the cutoff */
	lowmem = min(lowmem, ebda_addr);
	lowmem = min(lowmem, LOWMEM_CAP); /* Absolute cap */

	/* reserve all memory between lowmem and the 1MB mark */
	memblock_reserve(lowmem, 0x100000 - lowmem);
}

Privacy Policy