aboutsummaryrefslogtreecommitdiffstats
path: root/arch/x86/kernel/process_32.c
blob: 0de43e98ce08604afa886ceba8e17b7c66583e97 (plain)
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
69
70
71
72
73
74
75
76
77
78
79
80
81
82
83
84
85
86
87
88
89
90
91
92
93
94
95
96
97
98
99
100
101
102
103
104
105
106
107
108
109
110
111
112
113
114
115
116
117
118
119
120
121
122
123
124
125
126
127
128
129
130
131
132
133
134
135
136
137
138
139
140
141
142
143
144
145
146
147
148
149
150
151
152
153
154
155
156
157
158
159
160
161
162
163
164
165
166
167
168
169
170
171
172
173
174
175
176
177
178
179
180
181
182
183
184
185
186
187
188
189
190
191
192
193
194
195
196
197
198
199
200
201
202
203
204
205
206
207
208
209
210
211
212
213
214
215
216
217
218
219
220
221
222
223
224
225
226
227
228
229
230
231
232
233
234
235
236
237
238
239
240
241
242
243
244
245
246
247
248
249
250
251
252
253
254
255
256
257
258
259
260
261
262
263
264
265
266
267
268
269
270
271
272
273
274
275
276
277
278
279
280
281
282
283
284
285
286
287
288
289
290
291
292
293
294
295
296
297
298
299
300
301
302
303
304
305
306
307
308
309
310
311
312
313
314
315
316
317
318
319
320
321
322
323
324
325
326
327
328
329
330
331
332
333
334
335
336
337
338
339
340
341
342
343
344
345
346
347
348
349
350
351
352
353
354
355
356
/*
 *  Copyright (C) 1995  Linus Torvalds
 *
 *  Pentium III FXSR, SSE support
 *	Gareth Hughes <gareth@valinux.com>, May 2000
 */

/*
 * This file handles the architecture-dependent parts of process handling..
 */

#include <linux/cpu.h>
#include <linux/errno.h>
#include <linux/sched.h>
#include <linux/fs.h>
#include <linux/kernel.h>
#include <linux/mm.h>
#include <linux/elfcore.h>
#include <linux/smp.h>
#include <linux/stddef.h>
#include <linux/slab.h>
#include <linux/vmalloc.h>
#include <linux/user.h>
#include <linux/interrupt.h>
#include <linux/delay.h>
#include <linux/reboot.h>
#include <linux/mc146818rtc.h>
#include <linux/module.h>
#include <linux/kallsyms.h>
#include <linux/ptrace.h>
#include <linux/personality.h>
#include <linux/percpu.h>
#include <linux/prctl.h>
#include <linux/ftrace.h>
#include <linux/uaccess.h>
#include <linux/io.h>
#include <linux/kdebug.h>

#include <asm/pgtable.h>
#include <asm/ldt.h>
#include <asm/processor.h>
#include <asm/i387.h>
#include <asm/fpu-internal.h>
#include <asm/desc.h>
#ifdef CONFIG_MATH_EMULATION
#include <asm/math_emu.h>
#endif

#include <linux/err.h>

#include <asm/tlbflush.h>
#include <asm/cpu.h>
#include <asm/idle.h>
#include <asm/syscalls.h>
#include <asm/debugreg.h>
#include <asm/switch_to.h>

asmlinkage void ret_from_fork(void) __asm__("ret_from_fork");
asmlinkage void ret_from_kernel_thread(void) __asm__("ret_from_kernel_thread");

/*
 * Return saved PC of a blocked thread.
 */
unsigned long thread_saved_pc(struct task_struct *tsk)
{
	return ((unsigned long *)tsk->thread.sp)[3];
}

void __show_regs(struct pt_regs *regs, int all)
{
	unsigned long cr0 = 0L, cr2 = 0L, cr3 = 0L, cr4 = 0L;
	unsigned long d0, d1, d2, d3, d6, d7;
	unsigned long sp;
	unsigned short ss, gs;

	if (user_mode_vm(regs)) {
		sp = regs->sp;
		ss = regs->ss & 0xffff;
		gs = get_user_gs(regs);
	} else {
		sp = kernel_stack_pointer(regs);
		savesegment(ss, ss);
		savesegment(gs, gs);
	}

	printk(KERN_DEFAULT "EIP: %04x:[<%08lx>] EFLAGS: %08lx CPU: %d\n",
			(u16)regs->cs, regs->ip, regs->flags,
			smp_processor_id());
	print_symbol("EIP is at %s\n", regs->ip);

	printk(KERN_DEFAULT "EAX: %08lx EBX: %08lx ECX: %08lx EDX: %08lx\n",
		regs->ax, regs->bx, regs->cx, regs->dx);
	printk(KERN_DEFAULT "ESI: %08lx EDI: %08lx EBP: %08lx ESP: %08lx\n",
		regs->si, regs->di, regs->bp, sp);
	printk(KERN_DEFAULT " DS: %04x ES: %04x FS: %04x GS: %04x SS: %04x\n",
	       (u16)regs->ds, (u16)regs->es, (u16)regs->fs, gs, ss);

	if (!all)
		return;

	cr0 = read_cr0();
	cr2 = read_cr2();
	cr3 = read_cr3();
	cr4 = read_cr4_safe();
	printk(KERN_DEFAULT "CR0: %08lx CR2: %08lx CR3: %08lx CR4: %08lx\n",
			cr0, cr2, cr3, cr4);

	get_debugreg(d0, 0);
	get_debugreg(d1, 1);
	get_debugreg(d2, 2);
	get_debugreg(d3, 3);
	get_debugreg(d6, 6);
	get_debugreg(d7, 7);

	/* Only print out debug registers if they are in their non-default state. */
	if ((d0 == 0) && (d1 == 0) && (d2 == 0) && (d3 == 0) &&
	    (d6 == DR6_RESERVED) && (d7 == 0x400))
		return;

	printk(KERN_DEFAULT "DR0: %08lx DR1: %08lx DR2: %08lx DR3: %08lx\n",
			d0, d1, d2, d3);
	printk(KERN_DEFAULT "DR6: %08lx DR7: %08lx\n",
			d6, d7);
}

void release_thread(struct task_struct *dead_task)
{
	BUG_ON(dead_task->mm);
	release_vm86_irqs(dead_task);
}

int copy_thread(unsigned long clone_flags, unsigned long sp,
	unsigned long arg, struct task_struct *p)
{
	struct pt_regs *childregs = task_pt_regs(p);
	struct task_struct *tsk;
	int err;

	p->thread.sp = (unsigned long) childregs;
	p->thread.sp0 = (unsigned long) (childregs+1);

	if (unlikely(p->flags & PF_KTHREAD)) {
		/* kernel thread */
		memset(childregs, 0, sizeof(struct pt_regs));
		p->thread.ip = (unsigned long) ret_from_kernel_thread;
		task_user_gs(p) = __KERNEL_STACK_CANARY;
		childregs->ds = __USER_DS;
		childregs->es = __USER_DS;
		childregs->fs = __KERNEL_PERCPU;
		childregs->bx = sp;	/* function */
		childregs->bp = arg;
		childregs->orig_ax = -1;
		childregs->cs = __KERNEL_CS | get_kernel_rpl();
		childregs->flags = X86_EFLAGS_IF | X86_EFLAGS_FIXED;
		p->thread.fpu_counter = 0;
		p->thread.io_bitmap_ptr = NULL;
		memset(p->thread.ptrace_bps, 0, sizeof(p->thread.ptrace_bps));
		return 0;
	}
	*childregs = *current_pt_regs();
	childregs->ax = 0;
	if (sp)
		childregs->sp = sp;

	p->thread.ip = (unsigned long) ret_from_fork;
	task_user_gs(p) = get_user_gs(current_pt_regs());

	p->thread.fpu_counter = 0;
	p->thread.io_bitmap_ptr = NULL;
	tsk = current;
	err = -ENOMEM;

	memset(p->thread.ptrace_bps, 0, sizeof(p->thread.ptrace_bps));

	if (unlikely(test_tsk_thread_flag(tsk, TIF_IO_BITMAP))) {
		p->thread.io_bitmap_ptr = kmemdup(tsk->thread.io_bitmap_ptr,
						IO_BITMAP_BYTES, GFP_KERNEL);
		if (!p->thread.io_bitmap_ptr) {
			p->thread.io_bitmap_max = 0;
			return -ENOMEM;
		}
		set_tsk_thread_flag(p, TIF_IO_BITMAP);
	}

	err = 0;

	/*
	 * Set a new TLS for the child thread?
	 */
	if (clone_flags & CLONE_SETTLS)
		err = do_set_thread_area(p, -1,
			(struct user_desc __user *)childregs->si, 0);

	if (err && p->thread.io_bitmap_ptr) {
		kfree(p->thread.io_bitmap_ptr);
		p->thread.io_bitmap_max = 0;
	}
	return err;
}

void
start_thread(struct pt_regs *regs, unsigned long new_ip, unsigned long new_sp)
{
	set_user_gs(regs, 0);
	regs->fs		= 0;
	regs->ds		= __USER_DS;
	regs->es		= __USER_DS;
	regs->ss		= __USER_DS;
	regs->cs		= __USER_CS;
	regs->ip		= new_ip;
	regs->sp		= new_sp;
	regs->flags		= X86_EFLAGS_IF;
	/*
	 * force it to the iret return path by making it look as if there was
	 * some work pending.
	 */
	set_thread_flag(TIF_NOTIFY_RESUME);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(start_thread);


/*
 *	switch_to(x,y) should switch tasks from x to y.
 *
 * We fsave/fwait so that an exception goes off at the right time
 * (as a call from the fsave or fwait in effect) rather than to
 * the wrong process. Lazy FP saving no longer makes any sense
 * with modern CPU's, and this simplifies a lot of things (SMP
 * and UP become the same).
 *
 * NOTE! We used to use the x86 hardware context switching. The
 * reason for not using it any more becomes apparent when you
 * try to recover gracefully from saved state that is no longer
 * valid (stale segment register values in particular). With the
 * hardware task-switch, there is no way to fix up bad state in
 * a reasonable manner.
 *
 * The fact that Intel documents the hardware task-switching to
 * be slow is a fairly red herring - this code is not noticeably
 * faster. However, there _is_ some room for improvement here,
 * so the performance issues may eventually be a valid point.
 * More important, however, is the fact that this allows us much
 * more flexibility.
 *
 * The return value (in %ax) will be the "prev" task after
 * the task-switch, and shows up in ret_from_fork in entry.S,
 * for example.
 */
__visible __notrace_funcgraph struct task_struct *
__switch_to(struct task_struct *prev_p, struct task_struct *next_p)
{
	struct thread_struct *prev = &prev_p->thread,
				 *next = &next_p->thread;
	int cpu = smp_processor_id();
	struct tss_struct *tss = &per_cpu(init_tss, cpu);
	fpu_switch_t fpu;

	/* never put a printk in __switch_to... printk() calls wake_up*() indirectly */

	fpu = switch_fpu_prepare(prev_p, next_p, cpu);

	/*
	 * Reload esp0.
	 */
	load_sp0(tss, next);

	/*
	 * Save away %gs. No need to save %fs, as it was saved on the
	 * stack on entry.  No need to save %es and %ds, as those are
	 * always kernel segments while inside the kernel.  Doing this
	 * before setting the new TLS descriptors avoids the situation
	 * where we temporarily have non-reloadable segments in %fs
	 * and %gs.  This could be an issue if the NMI handler ever
	 * used %fs or %gs (it does not today), or if the kernel is
	 * running inside of a hypervisor layer.
	 */
	lazy_save_gs(prev->gs);

	/*
	 * Load the per-thread Thread-Local Storage descriptor.
	 */
	load_TLS(next, cpu);

	/*
	 * Restore IOPL if needed.  In normal use, the flags restore
	 * in the switch assembly will handle this.  But if the kernel
	 * is running virtualized at a non-zero CPL, the popf will
	 * not restore flags, so it must be done in a separate step.
	 */
	if (get_kernel_rpl() && unlikely(prev->iopl != next->iopl))
		set_iopl_mask(next->iopl);

	/*
	 * If it were not for PREEMPT_ACTIVE we could guarantee that the
	 * preempt_count of all tasks was equal here and this would not be
	 * needed.
	 */
	task_thread_info(prev_p)->saved_preempt_count = this_cpu_read(__preempt_count);
	this_cpu_write(__preempt_count, task_thread_info(next_p)->saved_preempt_count);

	/*
	 * Now maybe handle debug registers and/or IO bitmaps
	 */
	if (unlikely(task_thread_info(prev_p)->flags & _TIF_WORK_CTXSW_PREV ||
		     task_thread_info(next_p)->flags & _TIF_WORK_CTXSW_NEXT))
		__switch_to_xtra(prev_p, next_p, tss);

	/*
	 * Leave lazy mode, flushing any hypercalls made here.
	 * This must be done before restoring TLS segments so
	 * the GDT and LDT are properly updated, and must be
	 * done before math_state_restore, so the TS bit is up
	 * to date.
	 */
	arch_end_context_switch(next_p);

	/*
	 * Restore %gs if needed (which is common)
	 */
	if (prev->gs | next->gs)
		lazy_load_gs(next->gs);

	switch_fpu_finish(next_p, fpu);

	this_cpu_write(current_task, next_p);

	return prev_p;
}

#define top_esp                (THREAD_SIZE - sizeof(unsigned long))
#define top_ebp                (THREAD_SIZE - 2*sizeof(unsigned long))

unsigned long get_wchan(struct task_struct *p)
{
	unsigned long bp, sp, ip;
	unsigned long stack_page;
	int count = 0;
	if (!p || p == current || p->state == TASK_RUNNING)
		return 0;
	stack_page = (unsigned long)task_stack_page(p);
	sp = p->thread.sp;
	if (!stack_page || sp < stack_page || sp > top_esp+stack_page)
		return 0;
	/* include/asm-i386/system.h:switch_to() pushes bp last. */
	bp = *(unsigned long *) sp;
	do {
		if (bp < stack_page || bp > top_ebp+stack_page)
			return 0;
		ip = *(unsigned long *) (bp+4);
		if (!in_sched_functions(ip))
			return ip;
		bp = *(unsigned long *) bp;
	} while (count++ < 16);
	return 0;
}

Privacy Policy