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path: root/arch/x86/kernel/setup.c
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/*
 *  Copyright (C) 1995  Linus Torvalds
 *
 *  Support of BIGMEM added by Gerhard Wichert, Siemens AG, July 1999
 *
 *  Memory region support
 *	David Parsons <orc@pell.chi.il.us>, July-August 1999
 *
 *  Added E820 sanitization routine (removes overlapping memory regions);
 *  Brian Moyle <bmoyle@mvista.com>, February 2001
 *
 * Moved CPU detection code to cpu/${cpu}.c
 *    Patrick Mochel <mochel@osdl.org>, March 2002
 *
 *  Provisions for empty E820 memory regions (reported by certain BIOSes).
 *  Alex Achenbach <xela@slit.de>, December 2002.
 *
 */

/*
 * This file handles the architecture-dependent parts of initialization
 */

#include <linux/sched.h>
#include <linux/mm.h>
#include <linux/mmzone.h>
#include <linux/screen_info.h>
#include <linux/ioport.h>
#include <linux/acpi.h>
#include <linux/apm_bios.h>
#include <linux/initrd.h>
#include <linux/bootmem.h>
#include <linux/seq_file.h>
#include <linux/console.h>
#include <linux/mca.h>
#include <linux/root_dev.h>
#include <linux/highmem.h>
#include <linux/module.h>
#include <linux/efi.h>
#include <linux/init.h>
#include <linux/edd.h>
#include <linux/iscsi_ibft.h>
#include <linux/nodemask.h>
#include <linux/kexec.h>
#include <linux/dmi.h>
#include <linux/pfn.h>
#include <linux/pci.h>
#include <asm/pci-direct.h>
#include <linux/init_ohci1394_dma.h>
#include <linux/kvm_para.h>

#include <linux/errno.h>
#include <linux/kernel.h>
#include <linux/stddef.h>
#include <linux/unistd.h>
#include <linux/ptrace.h>
#include <linux/slab.h>
#include <linux/user.h>
#include <linux/delay.h>

#include <linux/kallsyms.h>
#include <linux/cpufreq.h>
#include <linux/dma-mapping.h>
#include <linux/ctype.h>
#include <linux/uaccess.h>

#include <linux/percpu.h>
#include <linux/crash_dump.h>

#include <video/edid.h>

#include <asm/mtrr.h>
#include <asm/apic.h>
#include <asm/e820.h>
#include <asm/mpspec.h>
#include <asm/setup.h>
#include <asm/efi.h>
#include <asm/timer.h>
#include <asm/i8259.h>
#include <asm/sections.h>
#include <asm/dmi.h>
#include <asm/io_apic.h>
#include <asm/ist.h>
#include <asm/vmi.h>
#include <asm/setup_arch.h>
#include <asm/bios_ebda.h>
#include <asm/cacheflush.h>
#include <asm/processor.h>
#include <asm/bugs.h>

#include <asm/system.h>
#include <asm/vsyscall.h>
#include <asm/cpu.h>
#include <asm/desc.h>
#include <asm/dma.h>
#include <asm/iommu.h>
#include <asm/gart.h>
#include <asm/mmu_context.h>
#include <asm/proto.h>

#include <asm/paravirt.h>
#include <asm/hypervisor.h>

#include <asm/percpu.h>
#include <asm/topology.h>
#include <asm/apicdef.h>
#ifdef CONFIG_X86_64
#include <asm/numa_64.h>
#endif

#ifndef ARCH_SETUP
#define ARCH_SETUP
#endif

unsigned int boot_cpu_id __read_mostly;

static __initdata unsigned long _brk_start = (unsigned long)__brk_base;
unsigned long _brk_end = (unsigned long)__brk_base;

#ifdef CONFIG_X86_64
int default_cpu_present_to_apicid(int mps_cpu)
{
	return __default_cpu_present_to_apicid(mps_cpu);
}

int default_check_phys_apicid_present(int boot_cpu_physical_apicid)
{
	return __default_check_phys_apicid_present(boot_cpu_physical_apicid);
}
#endif

#ifndef CONFIG_DEBUG_BOOT_PARAMS
struct boot_params __initdata boot_params;
#else
struct boot_params boot_params;
#endif

/*
 * Machine setup..
 */
static struct resource data_resource = {
	.name	= "Kernel data",
	.start	= 0,
	.end	= 0,
	.flags	= IORESOURCE_BUSY | IORESOURCE_MEM
};

static struct resource code_resource = {
	.name	= "Kernel code",
	.start	= 0,
	.end	= 0,
	.flags	= IORESOURCE_BUSY | IORESOURCE_MEM
};

static struct resource bss_resource = {
	.name	= "Kernel bss",
	.start	= 0,
	.end	= 0,
	.flags	= IORESOURCE_BUSY | IORESOURCE_MEM
};


#ifdef CONFIG_X86_32
static struct resource video_ram_resource = {
	.name	= "Video RAM area",
	.start	= 0xa0000,
	.end	= 0xbffff,
	.flags	= IORESOURCE_BUSY | IORESOURCE_MEM
};

/* cpu data as detected by the assembly code in head.S */
struct cpuinfo_x86 new_cpu_data __cpuinitdata = {0, 0, 0, 0, -1, 1, 0, 0, -1};
/* common cpu data for all cpus */
struct cpuinfo_x86 boot_cpu_data __read_mostly = {0, 0, 0, 0, -1, 1, 0, 0, -1};
EXPORT_SYMBOL(boot_cpu_data);
static void set_mca_bus(int x)
{
#ifdef CONFIG_MCA
	MCA_bus = x;
#endif
}

unsigned int def_to_bigsmp;

/* for MCA, but anyone else can use it if they want */
unsigned int machine_id;
unsigned int machine_submodel_id;
unsigned int BIOS_revision;

struct apm_info apm_info;
EXPORT_SYMBOL(apm_info);

#if defined(CONFIG_X86_SPEEDSTEP_SMI) || \
	defined(CONFIG_X86_SPEEDSTEP_SMI_MODULE)
struct ist_info ist_info;
EXPORT_SYMBOL(ist_info);
#else
struct ist_info ist_info;
#endif

#else
struct cpuinfo_x86 boot_cpu_data __read_mostly = {
	.x86_phys_bits = MAX_PHYSMEM_BITS,
};
EXPORT_SYMBOL(boot_cpu_data);
#endif


#if !defined(CONFIG_X86_PAE) || defined(CONFIG_X86_64)
unsigned long mmu_cr4_features;
#else
unsigned long mmu_cr4_features = X86_CR4_PAE;
#endif

/* Boot loader ID as an integer, for the benefit of proc_dointvec */
int bootloader_type;

/*
 * Early DMI memory
 */
int dmi_alloc_index;
char dmi_alloc_data[DMI_MAX_DATA];

/*
 * Setup options
 */
struct screen_info screen_info;
EXPORT_SYMBOL(screen_info);
struct edid_info edid_info;
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(edid_info);

extern int root_mountflags;

unsigned long saved_video_mode;

#define RAMDISK_IMAGE_START_MASK	0x07FF
#define RAMDISK_PROMPT_FLAG		0x8000
#define RAMDISK_LOAD_FLAG		0x4000

static char __initdata command_line[COMMAND_LINE_SIZE];
#ifdef CONFIG_CMDLINE_BOOL
static char __initdata builtin_cmdline[COMMAND_LINE_SIZE] = CONFIG_CMDLINE;
#endif

#if defined(CONFIG_EDD) || defined(CONFIG_EDD_MODULE)
struct edd edd;
#ifdef CONFIG_EDD_MODULE
EXPORT_SYMBOL(edd);
#endif
/**
 * copy_edd() - Copy the BIOS EDD information
 *              from boot_params into a safe place.
 *
 */
static inline void copy_edd(void)
{
     memcpy(edd.mbr_signature, boot_params.edd_mbr_sig_buffer,
	    sizeof(edd.mbr_signature));
     memcpy(edd.edd_info, boot_params.eddbuf, sizeof(edd.edd_info));
     edd.mbr_signature_nr = boot_params.edd_mbr_sig_buf_entries;
     edd.edd_info_nr = boot_params.eddbuf_entries;
}
#else
static inline void copy_edd(void)
{
}
#endif

void * __init extend_brk(size_t size, size_t align)
{
	size_t mask = align - 1;
	void *ret;

	BUG_ON(_brk_start == 0);
	BUG_ON(align & mask);

	_brk_end = (_brk_end + mask) & ~mask;
	BUG_ON((char *)(_brk_end + size) > __brk_limit);

	ret = (void *)_brk_end;
	_brk_end += size;

	memset(ret, 0, size);

	return ret;
}

static void __init reserve_brk(void)
{
	if (_brk_end > _brk_start)
		reserve_early(__pa(_brk_start), __pa(_brk_end), "BRK");

	/* Mark brk area as locked down and no longer taking any
	   new allocations */
	_brk_start = 0;
}

#ifdef CONFIG_BLK_DEV_INITRD

#ifdef CONFIG_X86_32

#define MAX_MAP_CHUNK	(NR_FIX_BTMAPS << PAGE_SHIFT)
static void __init relocate_initrd(void)
{

	u64 ramdisk_image = boot_params.hdr.ramdisk_image;
	u64 ramdisk_size  = boot_params.hdr.ramdisk_size;
	u64 end_of_lowmem = max_low_pfn << PAGE_SHIFT;
	u64 ramdisk_here;
	unsigned long slop, clen, mapaddr;
	char *p, *q;

	/* We need to move the initrd down into lowmem */
	ramdisk_here = find_e820_area(0, end_of_lowmem, ramdisk_size,
					 PAGE_SIZE);

	if (ramdisk_here == -1ULL)
		panic("Cannot find place for new RAMDISK of size %lld\n",
			 ramdisk_size);

	/* Note: this includes all the lowmem currently occupied by
	   the initrd, we rely on that fact to keep the data intact. */
	reserve_early(ramdisk_here, ramdisk_here + ramdisk_size,
			 "NEW RAMDISK");
	initrd_start = ramdisk_here + PAGE_OFFSET;
	initrd_end   = initrd_start + ramdisk_size;
	printk(KERN_INFO "Allocated new RAMDISK: %08llx - %08llx\n",
			 ramdisk_here, ramdisk_here + ramdisk_size);

	q = (char *)initrd_start;

	/* Copy any lowmem portion of the initrd */
	if (ramdisk_image < end_of_lowmem) {
		clen = end_of_lowmem - ramdisk_image;
		p = (char *)__va(ramdisk_image);
		memcpy(q, p, clen);
		q += clen;
		ramdisk_image += clen;
		ramdisk_size  -= clen;
	}

	/* Copy the highmem portion of the initrd */
	while (ramdisk_size) {
		slop = ramdisk_image & ~PAGE_MASK;
		clen = ramdisk_size;
		if (clen > MAX_MAP_CHUNK-slop)
			clen = MAX_MAP_CHUNK-slop;
		mapaddr = ramdisk_image & PAGE_MASK;
		p = early_memremap(mapaddr, clen+slop);
		memcpy(q, p+slop, clen);
		early_iounmap(p, clen+slop);
		q += clen;
		ramdisk_image += clen;
		ramdisk_size  -= clen;
	}
	/* high pages is not converted by early_res_to_bootmem */
	ramdisk_image = boot_params.hdr.ramdisk_image;
	ramdisk_size  = boot_params.hdr.ramdisk_size;
	printk(KERN_INFO "Move RAMDISK from %016llx - %016llx to"
		" %08llx - %08llx\n",
		ramdisk_image, ramdisk_image + ramdisk_size - 1,
		ramdisk_here, ramdisk_here + ramdisk_size - 1);
}
#endif

static void __init reserve_initrd(void)
{
	u64 ramdisk_image = boot_params.hdr.ramdisk_image;
	u64 ramdisk_size  = boot_params.hdr.ramdisk_size;
	u64 ramdisk_end   = ramdisk_image + ramdisk_size;
	u64 end_of_lowmem = max_low_pfn << PAGE_SHIFT;

	if (!boot_params.hdr.type_of_loader ||
	    !ramdisk_image || !ramdisk_size)
		return;		/* No initrd provided by bootloader */

	initrd_start = 0;

	if (ramdisk_size >= (end_of_lowmem>>1)) {
		free_early(ramdisk_image, ramdisk_end);
		printk(KERN_ERR "initrd too large to handle, "
		       "disabling initrd\n");
		return;
	}

	printk(KERN_INFO "RAMDISK: %08llx - %08llx\n", ramdisk_image,
			ramdisk_end);


	if (ramdisk_end <= end_of_lowmem) {
		/* All in lowmem, easy case */
		/*
		 * don't need to reserve again, already reserved early
		 * in i386_start_kernel
		 */
		initrd_start = ramdisk_image + PAGE_OFFSET;
		initrd_end = initrd_start + ramdisk_size;
		return;
	}

#ifdef CONFIG_X86_32
	relocate_initrd();
#else
	printk(KERN_ERR "initrd extends beyond end of memory "
	       "(0x%08llx > 0x%08llx)\ndisabling initrd\n",
	       ramdisk_end, end_of_lowmem);
	initrd_start = 0;
#endif
	free_early(ramdisk_image, ramdisk_end);
}
#else
static void __init reserve_initrd(void)
{
}
#endif /* CONFIG_BLK_DEV_INITRD */

static void __init parse_setup_data(void)
{
	struct setup_data *data;
	u64 pa_data;

	if (boot_params.hdr.version < 0x0209)
		return;
	pa_data = boot_params.hdr.setup_data;
	while (pa_data) {
		data = early_memremap(pa_data, PAGE_SIZE);
		switch (data->type) {
		case SETUP_E820_EXT:
			parse_e820_ext(data, pa_data);
			break;
		default:
			break;
		}
		pa_data = data->next;
		early_iounmap(data, PAGE_SIZE);
	}
}

static void __init e820_reserve_setup_data(void)
{
	struct setup_data *data;
	u64 pa_data;
	int found = 0;

	if (boot_params.hdr.version < 0x0209)
		return;
	pa_data = boot_params.hdr.setup_data;
	while (pa_data) {
		data = early_memremap(pa_data, sizeof(*data));
		e820_update_range(pa_data, sizeof(*data)+data->len,
			 E820_RAM, E820_RESERVED_KERN);
		found = 1;
		pa_data = data->next;
		early_iounmap(data, sizeof(*data));
	}
	if (!found)
		return;

	sanitize_e820_map(e820.map, ARRAY_SIZE(e820.map), &e820.nr_map);
	memcpy(&e820_saved, &e820, sizeof(struct e820map));
	printk(KERN_INFO "extended physical RAM map:\n");
	e820_print_map("reserve setup_data");
}

static void __init reserve_early_setup_data(void)
{
	struct setup_data *data;
	u64 pa_data;
	char buf[32];

	if (boot_params.hdr.version < 0x0209)
		return;
	pa_data = boot_params.hdr.setup_data;
	while (pa_data) {
		data = early_memremap(pa_data, sizeof(*data));
		sprintf(buf, "setup data %x", data->type);
		reserve_early(pa_data, pa_data+sizeof(*data)+data->len, buf);
		pa_data = data->next;
		early_iounmap(data, sizeof(*data));
	}
}

/*
 * --------- Crashkernel reservation ------------------------------
 */

#ifdef CONFIG_KEXEC

/**
 * Reserve @size bytes of crashkernel memory at any suitable offset.
 *
 * @size: Size of the crashkernel memory to reserve.
 * Returns the base address on success, and -1ULL on failure.
 */
static
unsigned long long __init find_and_reserve_crashkernel(unsigned long long size)
{
	const unsigned long long alignment = 16<<20; 	/* 16M */
	unsigned long long start = 0LL;

	while (1) {
		int ret;

		start = find_e820_area(start, ULONG_MAX, size, alignment);
		if (start == -1ULL)
			return start;

		/* try to reserve it */
		ret = reserve_bootmem_generic(start, size, BOOTMEM_EXCLUSIVE);
		if (ret >= 0)
			return start;

		start += alignment;
	}
}

static inline unsigned long long get_total_mem(void)
{
	unsigned long long total;

	total = max_low_pfn - min_low_pfn;
#ifdef CONFIG_HIGHMEM
	total += highend_pfn - highstart_pfn;
#endif

	return total << PAGE_SHIFT;
}

static void __init reserve_crashkernel(void)
{
	unsigned long long total_mem;
	unsigned long long crash_size, crash_base;
	int ret;

	total_mem = get_total_mem();

	ret = parse_crashkernel(boot_command_line, total_mem,
			&crash_size, &crash_base);
	if (ret != 0 || crash_size <= 0)
		return;

	/* 0 means: find the address automatically */
	if (crash_base <= 0) {
		crash_base = find_and_reserve_crashkernel(crash_size);
		if (crash_base == -1ULL) {
			pr_info("crashkernel reservation failed. "
				"No suitable area found.\n");
			return;
		}
	} else {
		ret = reserve_bootmem_generic(crash_base, crash_size,
					BOOTMEM_EXCLUSIVE);
		if (ret < 0) {
			pr_info("crashkernel reservation failed - "
				"memory is in use\n");
			return;
		}
	}

	printk(KERN_INFO "Reserving %ldMB of memory at %ldMB "
			"for crashkernel (System RAM: %ldMB)\n",
			(unsigned long)(crash_size >> 20),
			(unsigned long)(crash_base >> 20),
			(unsigned long)(total_mem >> 20));

	crashk_res.start = crash_base;
	crashk_res.end   = crash_base + crash_size - 1;
	insert_resource(&iomem_resource, &crashk_res);
}
#else
static void __init reserve_crashkernel(void)
{
}
#endif

static struct resource standard_io_resources[] = {
	{ .name = "dma1", .start = 0x00, .end = 0x1f,
		.flags = IORESOURCE_BUSY | IORESOURCE_IO },
	{ .name = "pic1", .start = 0x20, .end = 0x21,
		.flags = IORESOURCE_BUSY | IORESOURCE_IO },
	{ .name = "timer0", .start = 0x40, .end = 0x43,
		.flags = IORESOURCE_BUSY | IORESOURCE_IO },
	{ .name = "timer1", .start = 0x50, .end = 0x53,
		.flags = IORESOURCE_BUSY | IORESOURCE_IO },
	{ .name = "keyboard", .start = 0x60, .end = 0x60,
		.flags = IORESOURCE_BUSY | IORESOURCE_IO },
	{ .name = "keyboard", .start = 0x64, .end = 0x64,
		.flags = IORESOURCE_BUSY | IORESOURCE_IO },
	{ .name = "dma page reg", .start = 0x80, .end = 0x8f,
		.flags = IORESOURCE_BUSY | IORESOURCE_IO },
	{ .name = "pic2", .start = 0xa0, .end = 0xa1,
		.flags = IORESOURCE_BUSY | IORESOURCE_IO },
	{ .name = "dma2", .start = 0xc0, .end = 0xdf,
		.flags = IORESOURCE_BUSY | IORESOURCE_IO },
	{ .name = "fpu", .start = 0xf0, .end = 0xff,
		.flags = IORESOURCE_BUSY | IORESOURCE_IO }
};

static void __init reserve_standard_io_resources(void)
{
	int i;

	/* request I/O space for devices used on all i[345]86 PCs */
	for (i = 0; i < ARRAY_SIZE(standard_io_resources); i++)
		request_resource(&ioport_resource, &standard_io_resources[i]);

}

/*
 * Note: elfcorehdr_addr is not just limited to vmcore. It is also used by
 * is_kdump_kernel() to determine if we are booting after a panic. Hence
 * ifdef it under CONFIG_CRASH_DUMP and not CONFIG_PROC_VMCORE.
 */

#ifdef CONFIG_CRASH_DUMP
/* elfcorehdr= specifies the location of elf core header
 * stored by the crashed kernel. This option will be passed
 * by kexec loader to the capture kernel.
 */
static int __init setup_elfcorehdr(char *arg)
{
	char *end;
	if (!arg)
		return -EINVAL;
	elfcorehdr_addr = memparse(arg, &end);
	return end > arg ? 0 : -EINVAL;
}
early_param("elfcorehdr", setup_elfcorehdr);
#endif

static struct x86_quirks default_x86_quirks __initdata;

struct x86_quirks *x86_quirks __initdata = &default_x86_quirks;

#ifdef CONFIG_X86_RESERVE_LOW_64K
static int __init dmi_low_memory_corruption(const struct dmi_system_id *d)
{
	printk(KERN_NOTICE
		"%s detected: BIOS may corrupt low RAM, working around it.\n",
		d->ident);

	e820_update_range(0, 0x10000, E820_RAM, E820_RESERVED);
	sanitize_e820_map(e820.map, ARRAY_SIZE(e820.map), &e820.nr_map);

	return 0;
}
#endif

/* List of systems that have known low memory corruption BIOS problems */
static struct dmi_system_id __initdata bad_bios_dmi_table[] = {
#ifdef CONFIG_X86_RESERVE_LOW_64K
	{
		.callback = dmi_low_memory_corruption,
		.ident = "AMI BIOS",
		.matches = {
			DMI_MATCH(DMI_BIOS_VENDOR, "American Megatrends Inc."),
		},
	},
	{
		.callback = dmi_low_memory_corruption,
		.ident = "Phoenix BIOS",
		.matches = {
			DMI_MATCH(DMI_BIOS_VENDOR, "Phoenix Technologies"),
		},
	},
#endif
	{}
};

/*
 * Determine if we were loaded by an EFI loader.  If so, then we have also been
 * passed the efi memmap, systab, etc., so we should use these data structures
 * for initialization.  Note, the efi init code path is determined by the
 * global efi_enabled. This allows the same kernel image to be used on existing
 * systems (with a traditional BIOS) as well as on EFI systems.
 */
/*
 * setup_arch - architecture-specific boot-time initializations
 *
 * Note: On x86_64, fixmaps are ready for use even before this is called.
 */

void __init setup_arch(char **cmdline_p)
{
#ifdef CONFIG_X86_32
	memcpy(&boot_cpu_data, &new_cpu_data, sizeof(new_cpu_data));
	visws_early_detect();
#else
	printk(KERN_INFO "Command line: %s\n", boot_command_line);
#endif

	/* VMI may relocate the fixmap; do this before touching ioremap area */
	vmi_init();

	early_cpu_init();
	early_ioremap_init();

	ROOT_DEV = old_decode_dev(boot_params.hdr.root_dev);
	screen_info = boot_params.screen_info;
	edid_info = boot_params.edid_info;
#ifdef CONFIG_X86_32
	apm_info.bios = boot_params.apm_bios_info;
	ist_info = boot_params.ist_info;
	if (boot_params.sys_desc_table.length != 0) {
		set_mca_bus(boot_params.sys_desc_table.table[3] & 0x2);
		machine_id = boot_params.sys_desc_table.table[0];
		machine_submodel_id = boot_params.sys_desc_table.table[1];
		BIOS_revision = boot_params.sys_desc_table.table[2];
	}
#endif
	saved_video_mode = boot_params.hdr.vid_mode;
	bootloader_type = boot_params.hdr.type_of_loader;

#ifdef CONFIG_BLK_DEV_RAM
	rd_image_start = boot_params.hdr.ram_size & RAMDISK_IMAGE_START_MASK;
	rd_prompt = ((boot_params.hdr.ram_size & RAMDISK_PROMPT_FLAG) != 0);
	rd_doload = ((boot_params.hdr.ram_size & RAMDISK_LOAD_FLAG) != 0);
#endif
#ifdef CONFIG_EFI
	if (!strncmp((char *)&boot_params.efi_info.efi_loader_signature,
#ifdef CONFIG_X86_32
		     "EL32",
#else
		     "EL64",
#endif
	 4)) {
		efi_enabled = 1;
		efi_reserve_early();
	}
#endif

	ARCH_SETUP

	setup_memory_map();
	parse_setup_data();
	/* update the e820_saved too */
	e820_reserve_setup_data();

	copy_edd();

	if (!boot_params.hdr.root_flags)
		root_mountflags &= ~MS_RDONLY;
	init_mm.start_code = (unsigned long) _text;
	init_mm.end_code = (unsigned long) _etext;
	init_mm.end_data = (unsigned long) _edata;
	init_mm.brk = _brk_end;

	code_resource.start = virt_to_phys(_text);
	code_resource.end = virt_to_phys(_etext)-1;
	data_resource.start = virt_to_phys(_etext);
	data_resource.end = virt_to_phys(_edata)-1;
	bss_resource.start = virt_to_phys(&__bss_start);
	bss_resource.end = virt_to_phys(&__bss_stop)-1;

#ifdef CONFIG_CMDLINE_BOOL
#ifdef CONFIG_CMDLINE_OVERRIDE
	strlcpy(boot_command_line, builtin_cmdline, COMMAND_LINE_SIZE);
#else
	if (builtin_cmdline[0]) {
		/* append boot loader cmdline to builtin */
		strlcat(builtin_cmdline, " ", COMMAND_LINE_SIZE);
		strlcat(builtin_cmdline, boot_command_line, COMMAND_LINE_SIZE);
		strlcpy(boot_command_line, builtin_cmdline, COMMAND_LINE_SIZE);
	}
#endif
#endif

	strlcpy(command_line, boot_command_line, COMMAND_LINE_SIZE);
	*cmdline_p = command_line;

	parse_early_param();

#ifdef CONFIG_X86_64
	check_efer();
#endif

	/* Must be before kernel pagetables are setup */
	vmi_activate();

	/* after early param, so could get panic from serial */
	reserve_early_setup_data();

	if (acpi_mps_check()) {
#ifdef CONFIG_X86_LOCAL_APIC
		disable_apic = 1;
#endif
		setup_clear_cpu_cap(X86_FEATURE_APIC);
	}

#ifdef CONFIG_PCI
	if (pci_early_dump_regs)
		early_dump_pci_devices();
#endif

	finish_e820_parsing();

	if (efi_enabled)
		efi_init();

	dmi_scan_machine();

	dmi_check_system(bad_bios_dmi_table);

	/*
	 * VMware detection requires dmi to be available, so this
	 * needs to be done after dmi_scan_machine, for the BP.
	 */
	init_hypervisor(&boot_cpu_data);

#ifdef CONFIG_X86_32
	probe_roms();
#endif

	/* after parse_early_param, so could debug it */
	insert_resource(&iomem_resource, &code_resource);
	insert_resource(&iomem_resource, &data_resource);
	insert_resource(&iomem_resource, &bss_resource);


#ifdef CONFIG_X86_32
	if (ppro_with_ram_bug()) {
		e820_update_range(0x70000000ULL, 0x40000ULL, E820_RAM,
				  E820_RESERVED);
		sanitize_e820_map(e820.map, ARRAY_SIZE(e820.map), &e820.nr_map);
		printk(KERN_INFO "fixed physical RAM map:\n");
		e820_print_map("bad_ppro");
	}
#else
	early_gart_iommu_check();
#endif

	/*
	 * partially used pages are not usable - thus
	 * we are rounding upwards:
	 */
	max_pfn = e820_end_of_ram_pfn();

	/* preallocate 4k for mptable mpc */
	early_reserve_e820_mpc_new();
	/* update e820 for memory not covered by WB MTRRs */
	mtrr_bp_init();
	if (mtrr_trim_uncached_memory(max_pfn))
		max_pfn = e820_end_of_ram_pfn();

#ifdef CONFIG_X86_32
	/* max_low_pfn get updated here */
	find_low_pfn_range();
#else
	num_physpages = max_pfn;

	check_x2apic();

	/* How many end-of-memory variables you have, grandma! */
	/* need this before calling reserve_initrd */
	if (max_pfn > (1UL<<(32 - PAGE_SHIFT)))
		max_low_pfn = e820_end_of_low_ram_pfn();
	else
		max_low_pfn = max_pfn;

	high_memory = (void *)__va(max_pfn * PAGE_SIZE - 1) + 1;
#endif

#ifdef CONFIG_X86_CHECK_BIOS_CORRUPTION
	setup_bios_corruption_check();
#endif

	reserve_brk();

	/* max_pfn_mapped is updated here */
	max_low_pfn_mapped = init_memory_mapping(0, max_low_pfn<<PAGE_SHIFT);
	max_pfn_mapped = max_low_pfn_mapped;

#ifdef CONFIG_X86_64
	if (max_pfn > max_low_pfn) {
		max_pfn_mapped = init_memory_mapping(1UL<<32,
						     max_pfn<<PAGE_SHIFT);
		/* can we preseve max_low_pfn ?*/
		max_low_pfn = max_pfn;
	}
#endif

	/*
	 * NOTE: On x86-32, only from this point on, fixmaps are ready for use.
	 */

#ifdef CONFIG_PROVIDE_OHCI1394_DMA_INIT
	if (init_ohci1394_dma_early)
		init_ohci1394_dma_on_all_controllers();
#endif

	reserve_initrd();

	vsmp_init();

	io_delay_init();

	/*
	 * Parse the ACPI tables for possible boot-time SMP configuration.
	 */
	acpi_boot_table_init();

	early_acpi_boot_init();

#ifdef CONFIG_ACPI_NUMA
	/*
	 * Parse SRAT to discover nodes.
	 */
	acpi_numa_init();
#endif

	initmem_init(0, max_pfn);

#ifdef CONFIG_ACPI_SLEEP
	/*
	 * Reserve low memory region for sleep support.
	 */
	acpi_reserve_bootmem();
#endif
	/*
	 * Find and reserve possible boot-time SMP configuration:
	 */
	find_smp_config();

	reserve_crashkernel();

#ifdef CONFIG_X86_64
	/*
	 * dma32_reserve_bootmem() allocates bootmem which may conflict
	 * with the crashkernel command line, so do that after
	 * reserve_crashkernel()
	 */
	dma32_reserve_bootmem();
#endif

	reserve_ibft_region();

#ifdef CONFIG_KVM_CLOCK
	kvmclock_init();
#endif

	paravirt_pagetable_setup_start(swapper_pg_dir);
	paging_init();
	paravirt_pagetable_setup_done(swapper_pg_dir);
	paravirt_post_allocator_init();

#ifdef CONFIG_X86_64
	map_vsyscall();
#endif

	generic_apic_probe();

	early_quirks();

	/*
	 * Read APIC and some other early information from ACPI tables.
	 */
	acpi_boot_init();

#if defined(CONFIG_X86_MPPARSE) || defined(CONFIG_X86_VISWS)
	/*
	 * get boot-time SMP configuration:
	 */
	if (smp_found_config)
		get_smp_config();
#endif

	prefill_possible_map();

#ifdef CONFIG_X86_64
	init_cpu_to_node();
#endif

	init_apic_mappings();
	ioapic_init_mappings();

	/* need to wait for io_apic is mapped */
	probe_nr_irqs_gsi();

	kvm_guest_init();

	e820_reserve_resources();
	e820_mark_nosave_regions(max_low_pfn);

#ifdef CONFIG_X86_32
	request_resource(&iomem_resource, &video_ram_resource);
#endif
	reserve_standard_io_resources();

	e820_setup_gap();

#ifdef CONFIG_VT
#if defined(CONFIG_VGA_CONSOLE)
	if (!efi_enabled || (efi_mem_type(0xa0000) != EFI_CONVENTIONAL_MEMORY))
		conswitchp = &vga_con;
#elif defined(CONFIG_DUMMY_CONSOLE)
	conswitchp = &dummy_con;
#endif
#endif
}

#ifdef CONFIG_X86_32

/**
 * x86_quirk_pre_intr_init - initialisation prior to setting up interrupt vectors
 *
 * Description:
 *	Perform any necessary interrupt initialisation prior to setting up
 *	the "ordinary" interrupt call gates.  For legacy reasons, the ISA
 *	interrupts should be initialised here if the machine emulates a PC
 *	in any way.
 **/
void __init x86_quirk_pre_intr_init(void)
{
	if (x86_quirks->arch_pre_intr_init) {
		if (x86_quirks->arch_pre_intr_init())
			return;
	}
	init_ISA_irqs();
}

/**
 * x86_quirk_intr_init - post gate setup interrupt initialisation
 *
 * Description:
 *	Fill in any interrupts that may have been left out by the general
 *	init_IRQ() routine.  interrupts having to do with the machine rather
 *	than the devices on the I/O bus (like APIC interrupts in intel MP
 *	systems) are started here.
 **/
void __init x86_quirk_intr_init(void)
{
	if (x86_quirks->arch_intr_init) {
		if (x86_quirks->arch_intr_init())
			return;
	}
}

/**
 * x86_quirk_trap_init - initialise system specific traps
 *
 * Description:
 *	Called as the final act of trap_init().  Used in VISWS to initialise
 *	the various board specific APIC traps.
 **/
void __init x86_quirk_trap_init(void)
{
	if (x86_quirks->arch_trap_init) {
		if (x86_quirks->arch_trap_init())
			return;
	}
}

static struct irqaction irq0  = {
	.handler = timer_interrupt,
	.flags = IRQF_DISABLED | IRQF_NOBALANCING | IRQF_IRQPOLL | IRQF_TIMER,
	.mask = CPU_MASK_NONE,
	.name = "timer"
};

/**
 * x86_quirk_pre_time_init - do any specific initialisations before.
 *
 **/
void __init x86_quirk_pre_time_init(void)
{
	if (x86_quirks->arch_pre_time_init)
		x86_quirks->arch_pre_time_init();
}

/**
 * x86_quirk_time_init - do any specific initialisations for the system timer.
 *
 * Description:
 *	Must plug the system timer interrupt source at HZ into the IRQ listed
 *	in irq_vectors.h:TIMER_IRQ
 **/
void __init x86_quirk_time_init(void)
{
	if (x86_quirks->arch_time_init) {
		/*
		 * A nonzero return code does not mean failure, it means
		 * that the architecture quirk does not want any
		 * generic (timer) setup to be performed after this:
		 */
		if (x86_quirks->arch_time_init())
			return;
	}

	irq0.mask = cpumask_of_cpu(0);
	setup_irq(0, &irq0);
}
#endif /* CONFIG_X86_32 */

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