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path: root/drivers/media/video/videobuf2-dma-sg.c
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/*
 * videobuf2-dma-sg.c - dma scatter/gather memory allocator for videobuf2
 *
 * Copyright (C) 2010 Samsung Electronics
 *
 * Author: Andrzej Pietrasiewicz <andrzej.p@samsung.com>
 *
 * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
 * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
 * the Free Software Foundation.
 */

#include <linux/module.h>
#include <linux/mm.h>
#include <linux/scatterlist.h>
#include <linux/sched.h>
#include <linux/slab.h>
#include <linux/vmalloc.h>

#include <media/videobuf2-core.h>
#include <media/videobuf2-memops.h>
#include <media/videobuf2-dma-sg.h>

struct vb2_dma_sg_buf {
	void				*vaddr;
	struct page			**pages;
	int				write;
	int				offset;
	struct vb2_dma_sg_desc		sg_desc;
	atomic_t			refcount;
	struct vb2_vmarea_handler	handler;
};

static void vb2_dma_sg_put(void *buf_priv);

static void *vb2_dma_sg_alloc(void *alloc_ctx, unsigned long size)
{
	struct vb2_dma_sg_buf *buf;
	int i;

	buf = kzalloc(sizeof *buf, GFP_KERNEL);
	if (!buf)
		return NULL;

	buf->vaddr = NULL;
	buf->write = 0;
	buf->offset = 0;
	buf->sg_desc.size = size;
	buf->sg_desc.num_pages = (size + PAGE_SIZE - 1) >> PAGE_SHIFT;

	buf->sg_desc.sglist = vzalloc(buf->sg_desc.num_pages *
				      sizeof(*buf->sg_desc.sglist));
	if (!buf->sg_desc.sglist)
		goto fail_sglist_alloc;
	sg_init_table(buf->sg_desc.sglist, buf->sg_desc.num_pages);

	buf->pages = kzalloc(buf->sg_desc.num_pages * sizeof(struct page *),
			     GFP_KERNEL);
	if (!buf->pages)
		goto fail_pages_array_alloc;

	for (i = 0; i < buf->sg_desc.num_pages; ++i) {
		buf->pages[i] = alloc_page(GFP_KERNEL | __GFP_ZERO | __GFP_NOWARN);
		if (NULL == buf->pages[i])
			goto fail_pages_alloc;
		sg_set_page(&buf->sg_desc.sglist[i],
			    buf->pages[i], PAGE_SIZE, 0);
	}

	buf->handler.refcount = &buf->refcount;
	buf->handler.put = vb2_dma_sg_put;
	buf->handler.arg = buf;

	atomic_inc(&buf->refcount);

	printk(KERN_DEBUG "%s: Allocated buffer of %d pages\n",
		__func__, buf->sg_desc.num_pages);
	return buf;

fail_pages_alloc:
	while (--i >= 0)
		__free_page(buf->pages[i]);
	kfree(buf->pages);

fail_pages_array_alloc:
	vfree(buf->sg_desc.sglist);

fail_sglist_alloc:
	kfree(buf);
	return NULL;
}

static void vb2_dma_sg_put(void *buf_priv)
{
	struct vb2_dma_sg_buf *buf = buf_priv;
	int i = buf->sg_desc.num_pages;

	if (atomic_dec_and_test(&buf->refcount)) {
		printk(KERN_DEBUG "%s: Freeing buffer of %d pages\n", __func__,
			buf->sg_desc.num_pages);
		if (buf->vaddr)
			vm_unmap_ram(buf->vaddr, buf->sg_desc.num_pages);
		vfree(buf->sg_desc.sglist);
		while (--i >= 0)
			__free_page(buf->pages[i]);
		kfree(buf->pages);
		kfree(buf);
	}
}

static void *vb2_dma_sg_get_userptr(void *alloc_ctx, unsigned long vaddr,
				    unsigned long size, int write)
{
	struct vb2_dma_sg_buf *buf;
	unsigned long first, last;
	int num_pages_from_user, i;

	buf = kzalloc(sizeof *buf, GFP_KERNEL);
	if (!buf)
		return NULL;

	buf->vaddr = NULL;
	buf->write = write;
	buf->offset = vaddr & ~PAGE_MASK;
	buf->sg_desc.size = size;

	first = (vaddr           & PAGE_MASK) >> PAGE_SHIFT;
	last  = ((vaddr + size - 1) & PAGE_MASK) >> PAGE_SHIFT;
	buf->sg_desc.num_pages = last - first + 1;

	buf->sg_desc.sglist = vzalloc(
		buf->sg_desc.num_pages * sizeof(*buf->sg_desc.sglist));
	if (!buf->sg_desc.sglist)
		goto userptr_fail_sglist_alloc;

	sg_init_table(buf->sg_desc.sglist, buf->sg_desc.num_pages);

	buf->pages = kzalloc(buf->sg_desc.num_pages * sizeof(struct page *),
			     GFP_KERNEL);
	if (!buf->pages)
		goto userptr_fail_pages_array_alloc;

	num_pages_from_user = get_user_pages(current, current->mm,
					     vaddr & PAGE_MASK,
					     buf->sg_desc.num_pages,
					     write,
					     1, /* force */
					     buf->pages,
					     NULL);

	if (num_pages_from_user != buf->sg_desc.num_pages)
		goto userptr_fail_get_user_pages;

	sg_set_page(&buf->sg_desc.sglist[0], buf->pages[0],
		    PAGE_SIZE - buf->offset, buf->offset);
	size -= PAGE_SIZE - buf->offset;
	for (i = 1; i < buf->sg_desc.num_pages; ++i) {
		sg_set_page(&buf->sg_desc.sglist[i], buf->pages[i],
			    min_t(size_t, PAGE_SIZE, size), 0);
		size -= min_t(size_t, PAGE_SIZE, size);
	}
	return buf;

userptr_fail_get_user_pages:
	printk(KERN_DEBUG "get_user_pages requested/got: %d/%d]\n",
	       num_pages_from_user, buf->sg_desc.num_pages);
	while (--num_pages_from_user >= 0)
		put_page(buf->pages[num_pages_from_user]);
	kfree(buf->pages);

userptr_fail_pages_array_alloc:
	vfree(buf->sg_desc.sglist);

userptr_fail_sglist_alloc:
	kfree(buf);
	return NULL;
}

/*
 * @put_userptr: inform the allocator that a USERPTR buffer will no longer
 *		 be used
 */
static void vb2_dma_sg_put_userptr(void *buf_priv)
{
	struct vb2_dma_sg_buf *buf = buf_priv;
	int i = buf->sg_desc.num_pages;

	printk(KERN_DEBUG "%s: Releasing userspace buffer of %d pages\n",
	       __func__, buf->sg_desc.num_pages);
	if (buf->vaddr)
		vm_unmap_ram(buf->vaddr, buf->sg_desc.num_pages);
	while (--i >= 0) {
		if (buf->write)
			set_page_dirty_lock(buf->pages[i]);
		put_page(buf->pages[i]);
	}
	vfree(buf->sg_desc.sglist);
	kfree(buf->pages);
	kfree(buf);
}

static void *vb2_dma_sg_vaddr(void *buf_priv)
{
	struct vb2_dma_sg_buf *buf = buf_priv;

	BUG_ON(!buf);

	if (!buf->vaddr)
		buf->vaddr = vm_map_ram(buf->pages,
					buf->sg_desc.num_pages,
					-1,
					PAGE_KERNEL);

	/* add offset in case userptr is not page-aligned */
	return buf->vaddr + buf->offset;
}

static unsigned int vb2_dma_sg_num_users(void *buf_priv)
{
	struct vb2_dma_sg_buf *buf = buf_priv;

	return atomic_read(&buf->refcount);
}

static int vb2_dma_sg_mmap(void *buf_priv, struct vm_area_struct *vma)
{
	struct vb2_dma_sg_buf *buf = buf_priv;
	unsigned long uaddr = vma->vm_start;
	unsigned long usize = vma->vm_end - vma->vm_start;
	int i = 0;

	if (!buf) {
		printk(KERN_ERR "No memory to map\n");
		return -EINVAL;
	}

	do {
		int ret;

		ret = vm_insert_page(vma, uaddr, buf->pages[i++]);
		if (ret) {
			printk(KERN_ERR "Remapping memory, error: %d\n", ret);
			return ret;
		}

		uaddr += PAGE_SIZE;
		usize -= PAGE_SIZE;
	} while (usize > 0);


	/*
	 * Use common vm_area operations to track buffer refcount.
	 */
	vma->vm_private_data	= &buf->handler;
	vma->vm_ops		= &vb2_common_vm_ops;

	vma->vm_ops->open(vma);

	return 0;
}

static void *vb2_dma_sg_cookie(void *buf_priv)
{
	struct vb2_dma_sg_buf *buf = buf_priv;

	return &buf->sg_desc;
}

const struct vb2_mem_ops vb2_dma_sg_memops = {
	.alloc		= vb2_dma_sg_alloc,
	.put		= vb2_dma_sg_put,
	.get_userptr	= vb2_dma_sg_get_userptr,
	.put_userptr	= vb2_dma_sg_put_userptr,
	.vaddr		= vb2_dma_sg_vaddr,
	.mmap		= vb2_dma_sg_mmap,
	.num_users	= vb2_dma_sg_num_users,
	.cookie		= vb2_dma_sg_cookie,
};
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(vb2_dma_sg_memops);

MODULE_DESCRIPTION("dma scatter/gather memory handling routines for videobuf2");
MODULE_AUTHOR("Andrzej Pietrasiewicz");
MODULE_LICENSE("GPL");

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