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authorLinus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>2012-03-28 17:19:27 -0700
committerLinus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>2012-03-28 17:19:28 -0700
commit532bfc851a7475fb6a36c1e953aa395798a7cca7 (patch)
treea7892e5a31330dd59f31959efbe9fda1803784fd /Documentation
parent0195c00244dc2e9f522475868fa278c473ba7339 (diff)
parent8da00edc1069f01c34510fa405dc15d96c090a3f (diff)
Merge branch 'akpm' (Andrew's patch-bomb)
Merge third batch of patches from Andrew Morton: - Some MM stragglers - core SMP library cleanups (on_each_cpu_mask) - Some IPI optimisations - kexec - kdump - IPMI - the radix-tree iterator work - various other misc bits. "That'll do for -rc1. I still have ~10 patches for 3.4, will send those along when they've baked a little more." * emailed from Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>: (35 commits) backlight: fix typo in tosa_lcd.c crc32: add help text for the algorithm select option mm: move hugepage test examples to tools/testing/selftests/vm mm: move slabinfo.c to tools/vm mm: move page-types.c from Documentation to tools/vm selftests/Makefile: make `run_tests' depend on `all' selftests: launch individual selftests from the main Makefile radix-tree: use iterators in find_get_pages* functions radix-tree: rewrite gang lookup using iterator radix-tree: introduce bit-optimized iterator fs/proc/namespaces.c: prevent crash when ns_entries[] is empty nbd: rename the nbd_device variable from lo to nbd pidns: add reboot_pid_ns() to handle the reboot syscall sysctl: use bitmap library functions ipmi: use locks on watchdog timeout set on reboot ipmi: simplify locking ipmi: fix message handling during panics ipmi: use a tasklet for handling received messages ipmi: increase KCS timeouts ipmi: decrease the IPMI message transaction time in interrupt mode ...
Diffstat (limited to 'Documentation')
-rw-r--r--Documentation/Makefile2
-rw-r--r--Documentation/vm/Makefile8
-rw-r--r--Documentation/vm/hugepage-mmap.c91
-rw-r--r--Documentation/vm/hugepage-shm.c98
-rw-r--r--Documentation/vm/map_hugetlb.c77
-rw-r--r--Documentation/vm/page-types.c1102
6 files changed, 1 insertions, 1377 deletions
diff --git a/Documentation/Makefile b/Documentation/Makefile
index 9b4bc5c76f33..30b656ece7aa 100644
--- a/Documentation/Makefile
+++ b/Documentation/Makefile
@@ -1,3 +1,3 @@
obj-m := DocBook/ accounting/ auxdisplay/ connector/ \
filesystems/ filesystems/configfs/ ia64/ laptops/ networking/ \
- pcmcia/ spi/ timers/ vm/ watchdog/src/
+ pcmcia/ spi/ timers/ watchdog/src/
diff --git a/Documentation/vm/Makefile b/Documentation/vm/Makefile
deleted file mode 100644
index 3fa4d0668864..000000000000
--- a/Documentation/vm/Makefile
+++ /dev/null
@@ -1,8 +0,0 @@
-# kbuild trick to avoid linker error. Can be omitted if a module is built.
-obj- := dummy.o
-
-# List of programs to build
-hostprogs-y := page-types hugepage-mmap hugepage-shm map_hugetlb
-
-# Tell kbuild to always build the programs
-always := $(hostprogs-y)
diff --git a/Documentation/vm/hugepage-mmap.c b/Documentation/vm/hugepage-mmap.c
deleted file mode 100644
index db0dd9a33d54..000000000000
--- a/Documentation/vm/hugepage-mmap.c
+++ /dev/null
@@ -1,91 +0,0 @@
-/*
- * hugepage-mmap:
- *
- * Example of using huge page memory in a user application using the mmap
- * system call. Before running this application, make sure that the
- * administrator has mounted the hugetlbfs filesystem (on some directory
- * like /mnt) using the command mount -t hugetlbfs nodev /mnt. In this
- * example, the app is requesting memory of size 256MB that is backed by
- * huge pages.
- *
- * For the ia64 architecture, the Linux kernel reserves Region number 4 for
- * huge pages. That means that if one requires a fixed address, a huge page
- * aligned address starting with 0x800000... will be required. If a fixed
- * address is not required, the kernel will select an address in the proper
- * range.
- * Other architectures, such as ppc64, i386 or x86_64 are not so constrained.
- */
-
-#include <stdlib.h>
-#include <stdio.h>
-#include <unistd.h>
-#include <sys/mman.h>
-#include <fcntl.h>
-
-#define FILE_NAME "/mnt/hugepagefile"
-#define LENGTH (256UL*1024*1024)
-#define PROTECTION (PROT_READ | PROT_WRITE)
-
-/* Only ia64 requires this */
-#ifdef __ia64__
-#define ADDR (void *)(0x8000000000000000UL)
-#define FLAGS (MAP_SHARED | MAP_FIXED)
-#else
-#define ADDR (void *)(0x0UL)
-#define FLAGS (MAP_SHARED)
-#endif
-
-static void check_bytes(char *addr)
-{
- printf("First hex is %x\n", *((unsigned int *)addr));
-}
-
-static void write_bytes(char *addr)
-{
- unsigned long i;
-
- for (i = 0; i < LENGTH; i++)
- *(addr + i) = (char)i;
-}
-
-static void read_bytes(char *addr)
-{
- unsigned long i;
-
- check_bytes(addr);
- for (i = 0; i < LENGTH; i++)
- if (*(addr + i) != (char)i) {
- printf("Mismatch at %lu\n", i);
- break;
- }
-}
-
-int main(void)
-{
- void *addr;
- int fd;
-
- fd = open(FILE_NAME, O_CREAT | O_RDWR, 0755);
- if (fd < 0) {
- perror("Open failed");
- exit(1);
- }
-
- addr = mmap(ADDR, LENGTH, PROTECTION, FLAGS, fd, 0);
- if (addr == MAP_FAILED) {
- perror("mmap");
- unlink(FILE_NAME);
- exit(1);
- }
-
- printf("Returned address is %p\n", addr);
- check_bytes(addr);
- write_bytes(addr);
- read_bytes(addr);
-
- munmap(addr, LENGTH);
- close(fd);
- unlink(FILE_NAME);
-
- return 0;
-}
diff --git a/Documentation/vm/hugepage-shm.c b/Documentation/vm/hugepage-shm.c
deleted file mode 100644
index 07956d8592c9..000000000000
--- a/Documentation/vm/hugepage-shm.c
+++ /dev/null
@@ -1,98 +0,0 @@
-/*
- * hugepage-shm:
- *
- * Example of using huge page memory in a user application using Sys V shared
- * memory system calls. In this example the app is requesting 256MB of
- * memory that is backed by huge pages. The application uses the flag
- * SHM_HUGETLB in the shmget system call to inform the kernel that it is
- * requesting huge pages.
- *
- * For the ia64 architecture, the Linux kernel reserves Region number 4 for
- * huge pages. That means that if one requires a fixed address, a huge page
- * aligned address starting with 0x800000... will be required. If a fixed
- * address is not required, the kernel will select an address in the proper
- * range.
- * Other architectures, such as ppc64, i386 or x86_64 are not so constrained.
- *
- * Note: The default shared memory limit is quite low on many kernels,
- * you may need to increase it via:
- *
- * echo 268435456 > /proc/sys/kernel/shmmax
- *
- * This will increase the maximum size per shared memory segment to 256MB.
- * The other limit that you will hit eventually is shmall which is the
- * total amount of shared memory in pages. To set it to 16GB on a system
- * with a 4kB pagesize do:
- *
- * echo 4194304 > /proc/sys/kernel/shmall
- */
-
-#include <stdlib.h>
-#include <stdio.h>
-#include <sys/types.h>
-#include <sys/ipc.h>
-#include <sys/shm.h>
-#include <sys/mman.h>
-
-#ifndef SHM_HUGETLB
-#define SHM_HUGETLB 04000
-#endif
-
-#define LENGTH (256UL*1024*1024)
-
-#define dprintf(x) printf(x)
-
-/* Only ia64 requires this */
-#ifdef __ia64__
-#define ADDR (void *)(0x8000000000000000UL)
-#define SHMAT_FLAGS (SHM_RND)
-#else
-#define ADDR (void *)(0x0UL)
-#define SHMAT_FLAGS (0)
-#endif
-
-int main(void)
-{
- int shmid;
- unsigned long i;
- char *shmaddr;
-
- if ((shmid = shmget(2, LENGTH,
- SHM_HUGETLB | IPC_CREAT | SHM_R | SHM_W)) < 0) {
- perror("shmget");
- exit(1);
- }
- printf("shmid: 0x%x\n", shmid);
-
- shmaddr = shmat(shmid, ADDR, SHMAT_FLAGS);
- if (shmaddr == (char *)-1) {
- perror("Shared memory attach failure");
- shmctl(shmid, IPC_RMID, NULL);
- exit(2);
- }
- printf("shmaddr: %p\n", shmaddr);
-
- dprintf("Starting the writes:\n");
- for (i = 0; i < LENGTH; i++) {
- shmaddr[i] = (char)(i);
- if (!(i % (1024 * 1024)))
- dprintf(".");
- }
- dprintf("\n");
-
- dprintf("Starting the Check...");
- for (i = 0; i < LENGTH; i++)
- if (shmaddr[i] != (char)i)
- printf("\nIndex %lu mismatched\n", i);
- dprintf("Done.\n");
-
- if (shmdt((const void *)shmaddr) != 0) {
- perror("Detach failure");
- shmctl(shmid, IPC_RMID, NULL);
- exit(3);
- }
-
- shmctl(shmid, IPC_RMID, NULL);
-
- return 0;
-}
diff --git a/Documentation/vm/map_hugetlb.c b/Documentation/vm/map_hugetlb.c
deleted file mode 100644
index eda1a6d3578a..000000000000
--- a/Documentation/vm/map_hugetlb.c
+++ /dev/null
@@ -1,77 +0,0 @@
-/*
- * Example of using hugepage memory in a user application using the mmap
- * system call with MAP_HUGETLB flag. Before running this program make
- * sure the administrator has allocated enough default sized huge pages
- * to cover the 256 MB allocation.
- *
- * For ia64 architecture, Linux kernel reserves Region number 4 for hugepages.
- * That means the addresses starting with 0x800000... will need to be
- * specified. Specifying a fixed address is not required on ppc64, i386
- * or x86_64.
- */
-#include <stdlib.h>
-#include <stdio.h>
-#include <unistd.h>
-#include <sys/mman.h>
-#include <fcntl.h>
-
-#define LENGTH (256UL*1024*1024)
-#define PROTECTION (PROT_READ | PROT_WRITE)
-
-#ifndef MAP_HUGETLB
-#define MAP_HUGETLB 0x40000 /* arch specific */
-#endif
-
-/* Only ia64 requires this */
-#ifdef __ia64__
-#define ADDR (void *)(0x8000000000000000UL)
-#define FLAGS (MAP_PRIVATE | MAP_ANONYMOUS | MAP_HUGETLB | MAP_FIXED)
-#else
-#define ADDR (void *)(0x0UL)
-#define FLAGS (MAP_PRIVATE | MAP_ANONYMOUS | MAP_HUGETLB)
-#endif
-
-static void check_bytes(char *addr)
-{
- printf("First hex is %x\n", *((unsigned int *)addr));
-}
-
-static void write_bytes(char *addr)
-{
- unsigned long i;
-
- for (i = 0; i < LENGTH; i++)
- *(addr + i) = (char)i;
-}
-
-static void read_bytes(char *addr)
-{
- unsigned long i;
-
- check_bytes(addr);
- for (i = 0; i < LENGTH; i++)
- if (*(addr + i) != (char)i) {
- printf("Mismatch at %lu\n", i);
- break;
- }
-}
-
-int main(void)
-{
- void *addr;
-
- addr = mmap(ADDR, LENGTH, PROTECTION, FLAGS, 0, 0);
- if (addr == MAP_FAILED) {
- perror("mmap");
- exit(1);
- }
-
- printf("Returned address is %p\n", addr);
- check_bytes(addr);
- write_bytes(addr);
- read_bytes(addr);
-
- munmap(addr, LENGTH);
-
- return 0;
-}
diff --git a/Documentation/vm/page-types.c b/Documentation/vm/page-types.c
deleted file mode 100644
index 0b13f02d4059..000000000000
--- a/Documentation/vm/page-types.c
+++ /dev/null
@@ -1,1102 +0,0 @@
-/*
- * page-types: Tool for querying page flags
- *
- * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it
- * under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by the Free
- * Software Foundation; version 2.
- *
- * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but WITHOUT
- * ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or
- * FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the GNU General Public License for
- * more details.
- *
- * You should find a copy of v2 of the GNU General Public License somewhere on
- * your Linux system; if not, write to the Free Software Foundation, Inc., 59
- * Temple Place, Suite 330, Boston, MA 02111-1307 USA.
- *
- * Copyright (C) 2009 Intel corporation
- *
- * Authors: Wu Fengguang <fengguang.wu@intel.com>
- */
-
-#define _LARGEFILE64_SOURCE
-#include <stdio.h>
-#include <stdlib.h>
-#include <unistd.h>
-#include <stdint.h>
-#include <stdarg.h>
-#include <string.h>
-#include <getopt.h>
-#include <limits.h>
-#include <assert.h>
-#include <sys/types.h>
-#include <sys/errno.h>
-#include <sys/fcntl.h>
-#include <sys/mount.h>
-#include <sys/statfs.h>
-#include "../../include/linux/magic.h"
-
-
-#ifndef MAX_PATH
-# define MAX_PATH 256
-#endif
-
-#ifndef STR
-# define _STR(x) #x
-# define STR(x) _STR(x)
-#endif
-
-/*
- * pagemap kernel ABI bits
- */
-
-#define PM_ENTRY_BYTES sizeof(uint64_t)
-#define PM_STATUS_BITS 3
-#define PM_STATUS_OFFSET (64 - PM_STATUS_BITS)
-#define PM_STATUS_MASK (((1LL << PM_STATUS_BITS) - 1) << PM_STATUS_OFFSET)
-#define PM_STATUS(nr) (((nr) << PM_STATUS_OFFSET) & PM_STATUS_MASK)
-#define PM_PSHIFT_BITS 6
-#define PM_PSHIFT_OFFSET (PM_STATUS_OFFSET - PM_PSHIFT_BITS)
-#define PM_PSHIFT_MASK (((1LL << PM_PSHIFT_BITS) - 1) << PM_PSHIFT_OFFSET)
-#define PM_PSHIFT(x) (((u64) (x) << PM_PSHIFT_OFFSET) & PM_PSHIFT_MASK)
-#define PM_PFRAME_MASK ((1LL << PM_PSHIFT_OFFSET) - 1)
-#define PM_PFRAME(x) ((x) & PM_PFRAME_MASK)
-
-#define PM_PRESENT PM_STATUS(4LL)
-#define PM_SWAP PM_STATUS(2LL)
-
-
-/*
- * kernel page flags
- */
-
-#define KPF_BYTES 8
-#define PROC_KPAGEFLAGS "/proc/kpageflags"
-
-/* copied from kpageflags_read() */
-#define KPF_LOCKED 0
-#define KPF_ERROR 1
-#define KPF_REFERENCED 2
-#define KPF_UPTODATE 3
-#define KPF_DIRTY 4
-#define KPF_LRU 5
-#define KPF_ACTIVE 6
-#define KPF_SLAB 7
-#define KPF_WRITEBACK 8
-#define KPF_RECLAIM 9
-#define KPF_BUDDY 10
-
-/* [11-20] new additions in 2.6.31 */
-#define KPF_MMAP 11
-#define KPF_ANON 12
-#define KPF_SWAPCACHE 13
-#define KPF_SWAPBACKED 14
-#define KPF_COMPOUND_HEAD 15
-#define KPF_COMPOUND_TAIL 16
-#define KPF_HUGE 17
-#define KPF_UNEVICTABLE 18
-#define KPF_HWPOISON 19
-#define KPF_NOPAGE 20
-#define KPF_KSM 21
-#define KPF_THP 22
-
-/* [32-] kernel hacking assistances */
-#define KPF_RESERVED 32
-#define KPF_MLOCKED 33
-#define KPF_MAPPEDTODISK 34
-#define KPF_PRIVATE 35
-#define KPF_PRIVATE_2 36
-#define KPF_OWNER_PRIVATE 37
-#define KPF_ARCH 38
-#define KPF_UNCACHED 39
-
-/* [48-] take some arbitrary free slots for expanding overloaded flags
- * not part of kernel API
- */
-#define KPF_READAHEAD 48
-#define KPF_SLOB_FREE 49
-#define KPF_SLUB_FROZEN 50
-#define KPF_SLUB_DEBUG 51
-
-#define KPF_ALL_BITS ((uint64_t)~0ULL)
-#define KPF_HACKERS_BITS (0xffffULL << 32)
-#define KPF_OVERLOADED_BITS (0xffffULL << 48)
-#define BIT(name) (1ULL << KPF_##name)
-#define BITS_COMPOUND (BIT(COMPOUND_HEAD) | BIT(COMPOUND_TAIL))
-
-static const char *page_flag_names[] = {
- [KPF_LOCKED] = "L:locked",
- [KPF_ERROR] = "E:error",
- [KPF_REFERENCED] = "R:referenced",
- [KPF_UPTODATE] = "U:uptodate",
- [KPF_DIRTY] = "D:dirty",
- [KPF_LRU] = "l:lru",
- [KPF_ACTIVE] = "A:active",
- [KPF_SLAB] = "S:slab",
- [KPF_WRITEBACK] = "W:writeback",
- [KPF_RECLAIM] = "I:reclaim",
- [KPF_BUDDY] = "B:buddy",
-
- [KPF_MMAP] = "M:mmap",
- [KPF_ANON] = "a:anonymous",
- [KPF_SWAPCACHE] = "s:swapcache",
- [KPF_SWAPBACKED] = "b:swapbacked",
- [KPF_COMPOUND_HEAD] = "H:compound_head",
- [KPF_COMPOUND_TAIL] = "T:compound_tail",
- [KPF_HUGE] = "G:huge",
- [KPF_UNEVICTABLE] = "u:unevictable",
- [KPF_HWPOISON] = "X:hwpoison",
- [KPF_NOPAGE] = "n:nopage",
- [KPF_KSM] = "x:ksm",
- [KPF_THP] = "t:thp",
-
- [KPF_RESERVED] = "r:reserved",
- [KPF_MLOCKED] = "m:mlocked",
- [KPF_MAPPEDTODISK] = "d:mappedtodisk",
- [KPF_PRIVATE] = "P:private",
- [KPF_PRIVATE_2] = "p:private_2",
- [KPF_OWNER_PRIVATE] = "O:owner_private",
- [KPF_ARCH] = "h:arch",
- [KPF_UNCACHED] = "c:uncached",
-
- [KPF_READAHEAD] = "I:readahead",
- [KPF_SLOB_FREE] = "P:slob_free",
- [KPF_SLUB_FROZEN] = "A:slub_frozen",
- [KPF_SLUB_DEBUG] = "E:slub_debug",
-};
-
-
-static const char *debugfs_known_mountpoints[] = {
- "/sys/kernel/debug",
- "/debug",
- 0,
-};
-
-/*
- * data structures
- */
-
-static int opt_raw; /* for kernel developers */
-static int opt_list; /* list pages (in ranges) */
-static int opt_no_summary; /* don't show summary */
-static pid_t opt_pid; /* process to walk */
-
-#define MAX_ADDR_RANGES 1024
-static int nr_addr_ranges;
-static unsigned long opt_offset[MAX_ADDR_RANGES];
-static unsigned long opt_size[MAX_ADDR_RANGES];
-
-#define MAX_VMAS 10240
-static int nr_vmas;
-static unsigned long pg_start[MAX_VMAS];
-static unsigned long pg_end[MAX_VMAS];
-
-#define MAX_BIT_FILTERS 64
-static int nr_bit_filters;
-static uint64_t opt_mask[MAX_BIT_FILTERS];
-static uint64_t opt_bits[MAX_BIT_FILTERS];
-
-static int page_size;
-
-static int pagemap_fd;
-static int kpageflags_fd;
-
-static int opt_hwpoison;
-static int opt_unpoison;
-
-static char hwpoison_debug_fs[MAX_PATH+1];
-static int hwpoison_inject_fd;
-static int hwpoison_forget_fd;
-
-#define HASH_SHIFT 13
-#define HASH_SIZE (1 << HASH_SHIFT)
-#define HASH_MASK (HASH_SIZE - 1)
-#define HASH_KEY(flags) (flags & HASH_MASK)
-
-static unsigned long total_pages;
-static unsigned long nr_pages[HASH_SIZE];
-static uint64_t page_flags[HASH_SIZE];
-
-
-/*
- * helper functions
- */
-
-#define ARRAY_SIZE(x) (sizeof(x) / sizeof((x)[0]))
-
-#define min_t(type, x, y) ({ \
- type __min1 = (x); \
- type __min2 = (y); \
- __min1 < __min2 ? __min1 : __min2; })
-
-#define max_t(type, x, y) ({ \
- type __max1 = (x); \
- type __max2 = (y); \
- __max1 > __max2 ? __max1 : __max2; })
-
-static unsigned long pages2mb(unsigned long pages)
-{
- return (pages * page_size) >> 20;
-}
-
-static void fatal(const char *x, ...)
-{
- va_list ap;
-
- va_start(ap, x);
- vfprintf(stderr, x, ap);
- va_end(ap);
- exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
-}
-
-static int checked_open(const char *pathname, int flags)
-{
- int fd = open(pathname, flags);
-
- if (fd < 0) {
- perror(pathname);
- exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
- }
-
- return fd;
-}
-
-/*
- * pagemap/kpageflags routines
- */
-
-static unsigned long do_u64_read(int fd, char *name,
- uint64_t *buf,
- unsigned long index,
- unsigned long count)
-{
- long bytes;
-
- if (index > ULONG_MAX / 8)
- fatal("index overflow: %lu\n", index);
-
- if (lseek(fd, index * 8, SEEK_SET) < 0) {
- perror(name);
- exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
- }
-
- bytes = read(fd, buf, count * 8);
- if (bytes < 0) {
- perror(name);
- exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
- }
- if (bytes % 8)
- fatal("partial read: %lu bytes\n", bytes);
-
- return bytes / 8;
-}
-
-static unsigned long kpageflags_read(uint64_t *buf,
- unsigned long index,
- unsigned long pages)
-{
- return do_u64_read(kpageflags_fd, PROC_KPAGEFLAGS, buf, index, pages);
-}
-
-static unsigned long pagemap_read(uint64_t *buf,
- unsigned long index,
- unsigned long pages)
-{
- return do_u64_read(pagemap_fd, "/proc/pid/pagemap", buf, index, pages);
-}
-
-static unsigned long pagemap_pfn(uint64_t val)
-{
- unsigned long pfn;
-
- if (val & PM_PRESENT)
- pfn = PM_PFRAME(val);
- else
- pfn = 0;
-
- return pfn;
-}
-
-
-/*
- * page flag names
- */
-
-static char *page_flag_name(uint64_t flags)
-{
- static char buf[65];
- int present;
- int i, j;
-
- for (i = 0, j = 0; i < ARRAY_SIZE(page_flag_names); i++) {
- present = (flags >> i) & 1;
- if (!page_flag_names[i]) {
- if (present)
- fatal("unknown flag bit %d\n", i);
- continue;
- }
- buf[j++] = present ? page_flag_names[i][0] : '_';
- }
-
- return buf;
-}
-
-static char *page_flag_longname(uint64_t flags)
-{
- static char buf[1024];
- int i, n;
-
- for (i = 0, n = 0; i < ARRAY_SIZE(page_flag_names); i++) {
- if (!page_flag_names[i])
- continue;
- if ((flags >> i) & 1)
- n += snprintf(buf + n, sizeof(buf) - n, "%s,",
- page_flag_names[i] + 2);
- }
- if (n)
- n--;
- buf[n] = '\0';
-
- return buf;
-}
-
-
-/*
- * page list and summary
- */
-
-static void show_page_range(unsigned long voffset,
- unsigned long offset, uint64_t flags)
-{
- static uint64_t flags0;
- static unsigned long voff;
- static unsigned long index;
- static unsigned long count;
-
- if (flags == flags0 && offset == index + count &&
- (!opt_pid || voffset == voff + count)) {
- count++;
- return;
- }
-
- if (count) {
- if (opt_pid)
- printf("%lx\t", voff);
- printf("%lx\t%lx\t%s\n",
- index, count, page_flag_name(flags0));
- }
-
- flags0 = flags;
- index = offset;
- voff = voffset;
- count = 1;
-}
-
-static void show_page(unsigned long voffset,
- unsigned long offset, uint64_t flags)
-{
- if (opt_pid)
- printf("%lx\t", voffset);
- printf("%lx\t%s\n", offset, page_flag_name(flags));
-}
-
-static void show_summary(void)
-{
- int i;
-
- printf(" flags\tpage-count MB"
- " symbolic-flags\t\t\tlong-symbolic-flags\n");
-
- for (i = 0; i < ARRAY_SIZE(nr_pages); i++) {
- if (nr_pages[i])
- printf("0x%016llx\t%10lu %8lu %s\t%s\n",
- (unsigned long long)page_flags[i],
- nr_pages[i],
- pages2mb(nr_pages[i]),
- page_flag_name(page_flags[i]),
- page_flag_longname(page_flags[i]));
- }
-
- printf(" total\t%10lu %8lu\n",
- total_pages, pages2mb(total_pages));
-}
-
-
-/*
- * page flag filters
- */
-
-static int bit_mask_ok(uint64_t flags)
-{
- int i;
-
- for (i = 0; i < nr_bit_filters; i++) {
- if (opt_bits[i] == KPF_ALL_BITS) {
- if ((flags & opt_mask[i]) == 0)
- return 0;
- } else {
- if ((flags & opt_mask[i]) != opt_bits[i])
- return 0;
- }
- }
-
- return 1;
-}
-
-static uint64_t expand_overloaded_flags(uint64_t flags)
-{
- /* SLOB/SLUB overload several page flags */
- if (flags & BIT(SLAB)) {
- if (flags & BIT(PRIVATE))
- flags ^= BIT(PRIVATE) | BIT(SLOB_FREE);
- if (flags & BIT(ACTIVE))
- flags ^= BIT(ACTIVE) | BIT(SLUB_FROZEN);
- if (flags & BIT(ERROR))
- flags ^= BIT(ERROR) | BIT(SLUB_DEBUG);
- }
-
- /* PG_reclaim is overloaded as PG_readahead in the read path */
- if ((flags & (BIT(RECLAIM) | BIT(WRITEBACK))) == BIT(RECLAIM))
- flags ^= BIT(RECLAIM) | BIT(READAHEAD);
-
- return flags;
-}
-
-static uint64_t well_known_flags(uint64_t flags)
-{
- /* hide flags intended only for kernel hacker */
- flags &= ~KPF_HACKERS_BITS;
-
- /* hide non-hugeTLB compound pages */
- if ((flags & BITS_COMPOUND) && !(flags & BIT(HUGE)))
- flags &= ~BITS_COMPOUND;
-
- return flags;
-}
-
-static uint64_t kpageflags_flags(uint64_t flags)
-{
- flags = expand_overloaded_flags(flags);
-
- if (!opt_raw)
- flags = well_known_flags(flags);
-
- return flags;
-}
-
-/* verify that a mountpoint is actually a debugfs instance */
-static int debugfs_valid_mountpoint(const char *debugfs)
-{
- struct statfs st_fs;
-
- if (statfs(debugfs, &st_fs) < 0)
- return -ENOENT;
- else if (st_fs.f_type != (long) DEBUGFS_MAGIC)
- return -ENOENT;
-
- return 0;
-}
-
-/* find the path to the mounted debugfs */
-static const char *debugfs_find_mountpoint(void)
-{
- const char **ptr;
- char type[100];
- FILE *fp;
-
- ptr = debugfs_known_mountpoints;
- while (*ptr) {
- if (debugfs_valid_mountpoint(*ptr) == 0) {
- strcpy(hwpoison_debug_fs, *ptr);
- return hwpoison_debug_fs;
- }
- ptr++;
- }
-
- /* give up and parse /proc/mounts */
- fp = fopen("/proc/mounts", "r");
- if (fp == NULL)
- perror("Can't open /proc/mounts for read");
-
- while (fscanf(fp, "%*s %"
- STR(MAX_PATH)
- "s %99s %*s %*d %*d\n",
- hwpoison_debug_fs, type) == 2) {
- if (strcmp(type, "debugfs") == 0)
- break;
- }
- fclose(fp);
-
- if (strcmp(type, "debugfs") != 0)
- return NULL;
-
- return hwpoison_debug_fs;
-}
-
-/* mount the debugfs somewhere if it's not mounted */
-
-static void debugfs_mount(void)
-{
- const char **ptr;
-
- /* see if it's already mounted */
- if (debugfs_find_mountpoint())
- return;
-
- ptr = debugfs_known_mountpoints;
- while (*ptr) {
- if (mount(NULL, *ptr, "debugfs", 0, NULL) == 0) {
- /* save the mountpoint */
- strcpy(hwpoison_debug_fs, *ptr);
- break;
- }
- ptr++;
- }
-
- if (*ptr == NULL) {
- perror("mount debugfs");
- exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
- }
-}
-
-/*
- * page actions
- */
-
-static void prepare_hwpoison_fd(void)
-{
- char buf[MAX_PATH + 1];
-
- debugfs_mount();
-
- if (opt_hwpoison && !hwpoison_inject_fd) {
- snprintf(buf, MAX_PATH, "%s/hwpoison/corrupt-pfn",
- hwpoison_debug_fs);
- hwpoison_inject_fd = checked_open(buf, O_WRONLY);
- }
-
- if (opt_unpoison && !hwpoison_forget_fd) {
- snprintf(buf, MAX_PATH, "%s/hwpoison/unpoison-pfn",
- hwpoison_debug_fs);
- hwpoison_forget_fd = checked_open(buf, O_WRONLY);
- }
-}
-
-static int hwpoison_page(unsigned long offset)
-{
- char buf[100];
- int len;
-
- len = sprintf(buf, "0x%lx\n", offset);
- len = write(hwpoison_inject_fd, buf, len);
- if (len < 0) {
- perror("hwpoison inject");
- return len;
- }
- return 0;
-}
-
-static int unpoison_page(unsigned long offset)
-{
- char buf[100];
- int len;
-
- len = sprintf(buf, "0x%lx\n", offset);
- len = write(hwpoison_forget_fd, buf, len);
- if (len < 0) {
- perror("hwpoison forget");
- return len;
- }
- return 0;
-}
-
-/*
- * page frame walker
- */
-
-static int hash_slot(uint64_t flags)
-{
- int k = HASH_KEY(flags);
- int i;
-
- /* Explicitly reserve slot 0 for flags 0: the following logic
- * cannot distinguish an unoccupied slot from slot (flags==0).
- */
- if (flags == 0)
- return 0;
-
- /* search through the remaining (HASH_SIZE-1) slots */
- for (i = 1; i < ARRAY_SIZE(page_flags); i++, k++) {
- if (!k || k >= ARRAY_SIZE(page_flags))
- k = 1;
- if (page_flags[k] == 0) {
- page_flags[k] = flags;
- return k;
- }
- if (page_flags[k] == flags)
- return k;
- }
-
- fatal("hash table full: bump up HASH_SHIFT?\n");
- exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
-}
-
-static void add_page(unsigned long voffset,
- unsigned long offset, uint64_t flags)
-{
- flags = kpageflags_flags(flags);
-
- if (!bit_mask_ok(flags))
- return;
-
- if (opt_hwpoison)
- hwpoison_page(offset);
- if (opt_unpoison)
- unpoison_page(offset);
-
- if (opt_list == 1)
- show_page_range(voffset, offset, flags);
- else if (opt_list == 2)
- show_page(voffset, offset, flags);
-
- nr_pages[hash_slot(flags)]++;
- total_pages++;
-}
-
-#define KPAGEFLAGS_BATCH (64 << 10) /* 64k pages */
-static void walk_pfn(unsigned long voffset,
- unsigned long index,
- unsigned long count)
-{
- uint64_t buf[KPAGEFLAGS_BATCH];
- unsigned long batch;
- long pages;
- unsigned long i;
-
- while (count) {
- batch = min_t(unsigned long, count, KPAGEFLAGS_BATCH);
- pages = kpageflags_read(buf, index, batch);
- if (pages == 0)
- break;
-
- for (i = 0; i < pages; i++)
- add_page(voffset + i, index + i, buf[i]);
-
- index += pages;
- count -= pages;
- }
-}
-
-#define PAGEMAP_BATCH (64 << 10)
-static void walk_vma(unsigned long index, unsigned long count)
-{
- uint64_t buf[PAGEMAP_BATCH];
- unsigned long batch;
- unsigned long pages;
- unsigned long pfn;
- unsigned long i;
-
- while (count) {
- batch = min_t(unsigned long, count, PAGEMAP_BATCH);
- pages = pagemap_read(buf, index, batch);
- if (pages == 0)
- break;
-
- for (i = 0; i < pages; i++) {
- pfn = pagemap_pfn(buf[i]);
- if (pfn)
- walk_pfn(index + i, pfn, 1);
- }
-
- index += pages;
- count -= pages;
- }
-}
-
-static void walk_task(unsigned long index, unsigned long count)
-{
- const unsigned long end = index + count;
- unsigned long start;
- int i = 0;
-
- while (index < end) {
-
- while (pg_end[i] <= index)
- if (++i >= nr_vmas)
- return;
- if (pg_start[i] >= end)
- return;
-
- start = max_t(unsigned long, pg_start[i], index);
- index = min_t(unsigned long, pg_end[i], end);
-
- assert(start < index);
- walk_vma(start, index - start);
- }
-}
-
-static void add_addr_range(unsigned long offset, unsigned long size)
-{
- if (nr_addr_ranges >= MAX_ADDR_RANGES)
- fatal("too many addr ranges\n");
-
- opt_offset[nr_addr_ranges] = offset;
- opt_size[nr_addr_ranges] = min_t(unsigned long, size, ULONG_MAX-offset);
- nr_addr_ranges++;
-}
-
-static void walk_addr_ranges(void)
-{
- int i;
-
- kpageflags_fd = checked_open(PROC_KPAGEFLAGS, O_RDONLY);
-
- if (!nr_addr_ranges)
- add_addr_range(0, ULONG_MAX);
-
- for (i = 0; i < nr_addr_ranges; i++)
- if (!opt_pid)
- walk_pfn(0, opt_offset[i], opt_size[i]);
- else
- walk_task(opt_offset[i], opt_size[i]);
-
- close(kpageflags_fd);
-}
-
-
-/*
- * user interface
- */
-
-static const char *page_flag_type(uint64_t flag)
-{
- if (flag & KPF_HACKERS_BITS)
- return "(r)";
- if (flag & KPF_OVERLOADED_BITS)
- return "(o)";
- return " ";
-}
-
-static void usage(void)
-{
- int i, j;
-
- printf(
-"page-types [options]\n"
-" -r|--raw Raw mode, for kernel developers\n"
-" -d|--describe flags Describe flags\n"
-" -a|--addr addr-spec Walk a range of pages\n"
-" -b|--bits bits-spec Walk pages with specified bits\n"
-" -p|--pid pid Walk process address space\n"
-#if 0 /* planned features */
-" -f|--file filename Walk file address space\n"
-#endif
-" -l|--list Show page details in ranges\n"
-" -L|--list-each Show page details one by one\n"
-" -N|--no-summary Don't show summary info\n"
-" -X|--hwpoison hwpoison pages\n"
-" -x|--unpoison unpoison pages\n"
-" -h|--help Show this usage message\n"
-"flags:\n"
-" 0x10 bitfield format, e.g.\n"
-" anon bit-name, e.g.\n"
-" 0x10,anon comma-separated list, e.g.\n"
-"addr-spec:\n"
-" N one page at offset N (unit: pages)\n"
-" N+M pages range from N to N+M-1\n"
-" N,M pages range from N to M-1\n"
-" N, pages range from N to end\n"
-" ,M pages range from 0 to M-1\n"
-"bits-spec:\n"
-" bit1,bit2 (flags & (bit1|bit2)) != 0\n"
-" bit1,bit2=bit1 (flags & (bit1|bit2)) == bit1\n"
-" bit1,~bit2 (flags & (bit1|bit2)) == bit1\n"
-" =bit1,bit2 flags == (bit1|bit2)\n"
-"bit-names:\n"
- );
-
- for (i = 0, j = 0; i < ARRAY_SIZE(page_flag_names); i++) {
- if (!page_flag_names[i])
- continue;
- printf("%16s%s", page_flag_names[i] + 2,
- page_flag_type(1ULL << i));
- if (++j > 3) {
- j = 0;
- putchar('\n');
- }
- }
- printf("\n "
- "(r) raw mode bits (o) overloaded bits\n");
-}
-
-static unsigned long long parse_number(const char *str)
-{
- unsigned long long n;
-
- n = strtoll(str, NULL, 0);
-
- if (n == 0 && str[0] != '0')
- fatal("invalid name or number: %s\n", str);
-
- return n;
-}
-
-static void parse_pid(const char *str)
-{
- FILE *file;
- char buf[5000];
-
- opt_pid = parse_number(str);
-
- sprintf(buf, "/proc/%d/pagemap", opt_pid);
- pagemap_fd = checked_open(buf, O_RDONLY);
-
- sprintf(buf, "/proc/%d/maps", opt_pid);
- file = fopen(buf, "r");
- if (!file) {
- perror(buf);
- exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
- }
-
- while (fgets(buf, sizeof(buf), file) != NULL) {
- unsigned long vm_start;
- unsigned long vm_end;
- unsigned long long pgoff;
- int major, minor;
- char r, w, x, s;
- unsigned long ino;
- int n;
-
- n = sscanf(buf, "%lx-%lx %c%c%c%c %llx %x:%x %lu",
- &vm_start,
- &vm_end,
- &r, &w, &x, &s,
- &pgoff,
- &major, &minor,
- &ino);
- if (n < 10) {
- fprintf(stderr, "unexpected line: %s\n", buf);
- continue;
- }
- pg_start[nr_vmas] = vm_start / page_size;
- pg_end[nr_vmas] = vm_end / page_size;
- if (++nr_vmas >= MAX_VMAS) {
- fprintf(stderr, "too many VMAs\n");
- break;
- }
- }
- fclose(file);
-}
-
-static void parse_file(const char *name)
-{
-}
-
-static void parse_addr_range(const char *optarg)
-{
- unsigned long offset;
- unsigned long size;
- char *p;
-
- p = strchr(optarg, ',');
- if (!p)
- p = strchr(optarg, '+');
-
- if (p == optarg) {
- offset = 0;
- size = parse_number(p + 1);
- } else if (p) {
- offset = parse_number(optarg);
- if (p[1] == '\0')
- size = ULONG_MAX;
- else {
- size = parse_number(p + 1);
- if (*p == ',') {
- if (size < offset)
- fatal("invalid range: %lu,%lu\n",
- offset, size);
- size -= offset;
- }
- }
- } else {
- offset = parse_number(optarg);
- size = 1;
- }
-
- add_addr_range(offset, size);
-}
-
-static void add_bits_filter(uint64_t mask, uint64_t bits)
-{
- if (nr_bit_filters >= MAX_BIT_FILTERS)
- fatal("too much bit filters\n");
-
- opt_mask[nr_bit_filters] = mask;
- opt_bits[nr_bit_filters] = bits;
- nr_bit_filters++;
-}
-
-static uint64_t parse_flag_name(const char *str, int len)
-{
- int i;
-
- if (!*str || !len)
- return 0;
-
- if (len <= 8 && !strncmp(str, "compound", len))
- return BITS_COMPOUND;
-
- for (i = 0; i < ARRAY_SIZE(page_flag_names); i++) {
- if (!page_flag_names[i])
- continue;
- if (!strncmp(str, page_flag_names[i] + 2, len))
- return 1ULL << i;
- }
-
- return parse_number(str);
-}
-
-static uint64_t parse_flag_names(const char *str, int all)
-{
- const char *p = str;
- uint64_t flags = 0;
-
- while (1) {
- if (*p == ',' || *p == '=' || *p == '\0') {
- if ((*str != '~') || (*str == '~' && all && *++str))
- flags |= parse_flag_name(str, p - str);
- if (*p != ',')
- break;
- str = p + 1;
- }
- p++;
- }
-
- return flags;
-}
-
-static void parse_bits_mask(const char *optarg)
-{
- uint64_t mask;
- uint64_t bits;
- const char *p;
-
- p = strchr(optarg, '=');
- if (p == optarg) {
- mask = KPF_ALL_BITS;
- bits = parse_flag_names(p + 1, 0);
- } else if (p) {
- mask = parse_flag_names(optarg, 0);
- bits = parse_flag_names(p + 1, 0);
- } else if (strchr(optarg, '~')) {
- mask = parse_flag_names(optarg, 1);
- bits = parse_flag_names(optarg, 0);
- } else {
- mask = parse_flag_names(optarg, 0);
- bits = KPF_ALL_BITS;
- }
-
- add_bits_filter(mask, bits);
-}
-
-static void describe_flags(const char *optarg)
-{
- uint64_t flags = parse_flag_names(optarg, 0);
-
- printf("0x%016llx\t%s\t%s\n",
- (unsigned long long)flags,
- page_flag_name(flags),
- page_flag_longname(flags));
-}
-
-static const struct option opts[] = {
- { "raw" , 0, NULL, 'r' },
- { "pid" , 1, NULL, 'p' },
- { "file" , 1, NULL, 'f' },
- { "addr" , 1, NULL, 'a' },
- { "bits" , 1, NULL, 'b' },
- { "describe" , 1, NULL, 'd' },
- { "list" , 0, NULL, 'l' },
- { "list-each" , 0, NULL, 'L' },
- { "no-summary", 0, NULL, 'N' },
- { "hwpoison" , 0, NULL, 'X' },
- { "unpoison" , 0, NULL, 'x' },
- { "help" , 0, NULL, 'h' },
- { NULL , 0, NULL, 0 }
-};
-
-int main(int argc, char *argv[])
-{
- int c;
-
- page_size = getpagesize();
-
- while ((c = getopt_long(argc, argv,
- "rp:f:a:b:d:lLNXxh", opts, NULL)) != -1) {
- switch (c) {
- case 'r':
- opt_raw = 1;
- break;
- case 'p':
- parse_pid(optarg);
- break;
- case 'f':
- parse_file(optarg);
- break;
- case 'a':
- parse_addr_range(optarg);
- break;
- case 'b':
- parse_bits_mask(optarg);
- break;
- case 'd':
- describe_flags(optarg);
- exit(0);
- case 'l':
- opt_list = 1;
- break;
- case 'L':
- opt_list = 2;
- break;
- case 'N':
- opt_no_summary = 1;
- break;
- case 'X':
- opt_hwpoison = 1;
- prepare_hwpoison_fd();
- break;
- case 'x':
- opt_unpoison = 1;
- prepare_hwpoison_fd();
- break;
- case 'h':
- usage();
- exit(0);
- default:
- usage();
- exit(1);
- }
- }
-
- if (opt_list && opt_pid)
- printf("voffset\t");
- if (opt_list == 1)
- printf("offset\tlen\tflags\n");
- if (opt_list == 2)
- printf("offset\tflags\n");
-
- walk_addr_ranges();
-
- if (opt_list == 1)
- show_page_range(0, 0, 0); /* drain the buffer */
-
- if (opt_no_summary)
- return 0;
-
- if (opt_list)
- printf("\n\n");
-
- show_summary();
-
- return 0;
-}

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