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authorLaurent Pinchart <laurent.pinchart@ideasonboard.com>2010-05-02 20:57:41 +0200
committerGreg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@suse.de>2010-05-20 13:21:41 -0700
commitcdda479f15cd13fa50a913ca85129c0437cc7b91 (patch)
tree5189c428d5f23f738dbf3e8e555c6f48da540b3a /drivers/usb/gadget/uvc_queue.c
parent910f8d0cede74beff1eee93cf9cf2a28d7600e66 (diff)
USB gadget: video class function driver
This USB video class function driver implements a video capture device from the host's point of view. It creates a V4L2 output device on the gadget's side to transfer data from a userspace application over USB. The UVC-specific descriptors are passed by the gadget driver to the UVC function driver, making them completely configurable without any modification to the function's driver code. Signed-off-by: Laurent Pinchart <laurent.pinchart@ideasonboard.com> Signed-off-by: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@suse.de>
Diffstat (limited to 'drivers/usb/gadget/uvc_queue.c')
-rw-r--r--drivers/usb/gadget/uvc_queue.c583
1 files changed, 583 insertions, 0 deletions
diff --git a/drivers/usb/gadget/uvc_queue.c b/drivers/usb/gadget/uvc_queue.c
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..43891991bf21
--- /dev/null
+++ b/drivers/usb/gadget/uvc_queue.c
@@ -0,0 +1,583 @@
+/*
+ * uvc_queue.c -- USB Video Class driver - Buffers management
+ *
+ * Copyright (C) 2005-2010
+ * Laurent Pinchart (laurent.pinchart@ideasonboard.com)
+ *
+ * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
+ * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
+ * the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or
+ * (at your option) any later version.
+ *
+ */
+
+#include <linux/kernel.h>
+#include <linux/mm.h>
+#include <linux/list.h>
+#include <linux/module.h>
+#include <linux/usb.h>
+#include <linux/videodev2.h>
+#include <linux/vmalloc.h>
+#include <linux/wait.h>
+#include <asm/atomic.h>
+
+#include "uvc.h"
+
+/* ------------------------------------------------------------------------
+ * Video buffers queue management.
+ *
+ * Video queues is initialized by uvc_queue_init(). The function performs
+ * basic initialization of the uvc_video_queue struct and never fails.
+ *
+ * Video buffer allocation and freeing are performed by uvc_alloc_buffers and
+ * uvc_free_buffers respectively. The former acquires the video queue lock,
+ * while the later must be called with the lock held (so that allocation can
+ * free previously allocated buffers). Trying to free buffers that are mapped
+ * to user space will return -EBUSY.
+ *
+ * Video buffers are managed using two queues. However, unlike most USB video
+ * drivers that use an in queue and an out queue, we use a main queue to hold
+ * all queued buffers (both 'empty' and 'done' buffers), and an irq queue to
+ * hold empty buffers. This design (copied from video-buf) minimizes locking
+ * in interrupt, as only one queue is shared between interrupt and user
+ * contexts.
+ *
+ * Use cases
+ * ---------
+ *
+ * Unless stated otherwise, all operations that modify the irq buffers queue
+ * are protected by the irq spinlock.
+ *
+ * 1. The user queues the buffers, starts streaming and dequeues a buffer.
+ *
+ * The buffers are added to the main and irq queues. Both operations are
+ * protected by the queue lock, and the later is protected by the irq
+ * spinlock as well.
+ *
+ * The completion handler fetches a buffer from the irq queue and fills it
+ * with video data. If no buffer is available (irq queue empty), the handler
+ * returns immediately.
+ *
+ * When the buffer is full, the completion handler removes it from the irq
+ * queue, marks it as ready (UVC_BUF_STATE_DONE) and wakes its wait queue.
+ * At that point, any process waiting on the buffer will be woken up. If a
+ * process tries to dequeue a buffer after it has been marked ready, the
+ * dequeing will succeed immediately.
+ *
+ * 2. Buffers are queued, user is waiting on a buffer and the device gets
+ * disconnected.
+ *
+ * When the device is disconnected, the kernel calls the completion handler
+ * with an appropriate status code. The handler marks all buffers in the
+ * irq queue as being erroneous (UVC_BUF_STATE_ERROR) and wakes them up so
+ * that any process waiting on a buffer gets woken up.
+ *
+ * Waking up up the first buffer on the irq list is not enough, as the
+ * process waiting on the buffer might restart the dequeue operation
+ * immediately.
+ *
+ */
+
+void uvc_queue_init(struct uvc_video_queue *queue, enum v4l2_buf_type type)
+{
+ mutex_init(&queue->mutex);
+ spin_lock_init(&queue->irqlock);
+ INIT_LIST_HEAD(&queue->mainqueue);
+ INIT_LIST_HEAD(&queue->irqqueue);
+ queue->type = type;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Allocate the video buffers.
+ *
+ * Pages are reserved to make sure they will not be swapped, as they will be
+ * filled in the URB completion handler.
+ *
+ * Buffers will be individually mapped, so they must all be page aligned.
+ */
+int uvc_alloc_buffers(struct uvc_video_queue *queue, unsigned int nbuffers,
+ unsigned int buflength)
+{
+ unsigned int bufsize = PAGE_ALIGN(buflength);
+ unsigned int i;
+ void *mem = NULL;
+ int ret;
+
+ if (nbuffers > UVC_MAX_VIDEO_BUFFERS)
+ nbuffers = UVC_MAX_VIDEO_BUFFERS;
+
+ mutex_lock(&queue->mutex);
+
+ if ((ret = uvc_free_buffers(queue)) < 0)
+ goto done;
+
+ /* Bail out if no buffers should be allocated. */
+ if (nbuffers == 0)
+ goto done;
+
+ /* Decrement the number of buffers until allocation succeeds. */
+ for (; nbuffers > 0; --nbuffers) {
+ mem = vmalloc_32(nbuffers * bufsize);
+ if (mem != NULL)
+ break;
+ }
+
+ if (mem == NULL) {
+ ret = -ENOMEM;
+ goto done;
+ }
+
+ for (i = 0; i < nbuffers; ++i) {
+ memset(&queue->buffer[i], 0, sizeof queue->buffer[i]);
+ queue->buffer[i].buf.index = i;
+ queue->buffer[i].buf.m.offset = i * bufsize;
+ queue->buffer[i].buf.length = buflength;
+ queue->buffer[i].buf.type = queue->type;
+ queue->buffer[i].buf.sequence = 0;
+ queue->buffer[i].buf.field = V4L2_FIELD_NONE;
+ queue->buffer[i].buf.memory = V4L2_MEMORY_MMAP;
+ queue->buffer[i].buf.flags = 0;
+ init_waitqueue_head(&queue->buffer[i].wait);
+ }
+
+ queue->mem = mem;
+ queue->count = nbuffers;
+ queue->buf_size = bufsize;
+ ret = nbuffers;
+
+done:
+ mutex_unlock(&queue->mutex);
+ return ret;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Free the video buffers.
+ *
+ * This function must be called with the queue lock held.
+ */
+int uvc_free_buffers(struct uvc_video_queue *queue)
+{
+ unsigned int i;
+
+ for (i = 0; i < queue->count; ++i) {
+ if (queue->buffer[i].vma_use_count != 0)
+ return -EBUSY;
+ }
+
+ if (queue->count) {
+ vfree(queue->mem);
+ queue->count = 0;
+ }
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static void __uvc_query_buffer(struct uvc_buffer *buf,
+ struct v4l2_buffer *v4l2_buf)
+{
+ memcpy(v4l2_buf, &buf->buf, sizeof *v4l2_buf);
+
+ if (buf->vma_use_count)
+ v4l2_buf->flags |= V4L2_BUF_FLAG_MAPPED;
+
+ switch (buf->state) {
+ case UVC_BUF_STATE_ERROR:
+ case UVC_BUF_STATE_DONE:
+ v4l2_buf->flags |= V4L2_BUF_FLAG_DONE;
+ break;
+ case UVC_BUF_STATE_QUEUED:
+ case UVC_BUF_STATE_ACTIVE:
+ v4l2_buf->flags |= V4L2_BUF_FLAG_QUEUED;
+ break;
+ case UVC_BUF_STATE_IDLE:
+ default:
+ break;
+ }
+}
+
+int uvc_query_buffer(struct uvc_video_queue *queue,
+ struct v4l2_buffer *v4l2_buf)
+{
+ int ret = 0;
+
+ mutex_lock(&queue->mutex);
+ if (v4l2_buf->index >= queue->count) {
+ ret = -EINVAL;
+ goto done;
+ }
+
+ __uvc_query_buffer(&queue->buffer[v4l2_buf->index], v4l2_buf);
+
+done:
+ mutex_unlock(&queue->mutex);
+ return ret;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Queue a video buffer. Attempting to queue a buffer that has already been
+ * queued will return -EINVAL.
+ */
+int uvc_queue_buffer(struct uvc_video_queue *queue,
+ struct v4l2_buffer *v4l2_buf)
+{
+ struct uvc_buffer *buf;
+ unsigned long flags;
+ int ret = 0;
+
+ uvc_trace(UVC_TRACE_CAPTURE, "Queuing buffer %u.\n", v4l2_buf->index);
+
+ if (v4l2_buf->type != queue->type ||
+ v4l2_buf->memory != V4L2_MEMORY_MMAP) {
+ uvc_trace(UVC_TRACE_CAPTURE, "[E] Invalid buffer type (%u) "
+ "and/or memory (%u).\n", v4l2_buf->type,
+ v4l2_buf->memory);
+ return -EINVAL;
+ }
+
+ mutex_lock(&queue->mutex);
+ if (v4l2_buf->index >= queue->count) {
+ uvc_trace(UVC_TRACE_CAPTURE, "[E] Out of range index.\n");
+ ret = -EINVAL;
+ goto done;
+ }
+
+ buf = &queue->buffer[v4l2_buf->index];
+ if (buf->state != UVC_BUF_STATE_IDLE) {
+ uvc_trace(UVC_TRACE_CAPTURE, "[E] Invalid buffer state "
+ "(%u).\n", buf->state);
+ ret = -EINVAL;
+ goto done;
+ }
+
+ if (v4l2_buf->type == V4L2_BUF_TYPE_VIDEO_OUTPUT &&
+ v4l2_buf->bytesused > buf->buf.length) {
+ uvc_trace(UVC_TRACE_CAPTURE, "[E] Bytes used out of bounds.\n");
+ ret = -EINVAL;
+ goto done;
+ }
+
+ if (v4l2_buf->type == V4L2_BUF_TYPE_VIDEO_CAPTURE)
+ buf->buf.bytesused = 0;
+ else
+ buf->buf.bytesused = v4l2_buf->bytesused;
+
+ spin_lock_irqsave(&queue->irqlock, flags);
+ if (queue->flags & UVC_QUEUE_DISCONNECTED) {
+ spin_unlock_irqrestore(&queue->irqlock, flags);
+ ret = -ENODEV;
+ goto done;
+ }
+ buf->state = UVC_BUF_STATE_QUEUED;
+
+ ret = (queue->flags & UVC_QUEUE_PAUSED) != 0;
+ queue->flags &= ~UVC_QUEUE_PAUSED;
+
+ list_add_tail(&buf->stream, &queue->mainqueue);
+ list_add_tail(&buf->queue, &queue->irqqueue);
+ spin_unlock_irqrestore(&queue->irqlock, flags);
+
+done:
+ mutex_unlock(&queue->mutex);
+ return ret;
+}
+
+static int uvc_queue_waiton(struct uvc_buffer *buf, int nonblocking)
+{
+ if (nonblocking) {
+ return (buf->state != UVC_BUF_STATE_QUEUED &&
+ buf->state != UVC_BUF_STATE_ACTIVE)
+ ? 0 : -EAGAIN;
+ }
+
+ return wait_event_interruptible(buf->wait,
+ buf->state != UVC_BUF_STATE_QUEUED &&
+ buf->state != UVC_BUF_STATE_ACTIVE);
+}
+
+/*
+ * Dequeue a video buffer. If nonblocking is false, block until a buffer is
+ * available.
+ */
+int uvc_dequeue_buffer(struct uvc_video_queue *queue,
+ struct v4l2_buffer *v4l2_buf, int nonblocking)
+{
+ struct uvc_buffer *buf;
+ int ret = 0;
+
+ if (v4l2_buf->type != queue->type ||
+ v4l2_buf->memory != V4L2_MEMORY_MMAP) {
+ uvc_trace(UVC_TRACE_CAPTURE, "[E] Invalid buffer type (%u) "
+ "and/or memory (%u).\n", v4l2_buf->type,
+ v4l2_buf->memory);
+ return -EINVAL;
+ }
+
+ mutex_lock(&queue->mutex);
+ if (list_empty(&queue->mainqueue)) {
+ uvc_trace(UVC_TRACE_CAPTURE, "[E] Empty buffer queue.\n");
+ ret = -EINVAL;
+ goto done;
+ }
+
+ buf = list_first_entry(&queue->mainqueue, struct uvc_buffer, stream);
+ if ((ret = uvc_queue_waiton(buf, nonblocking)) < 0)
+ goto done;
+
+ uvc_trace(UVC_TRACE_CAPTURE, "Dequeuing buffer %u (%u, %u bytes).\n",
+ buf->buf.index, buf->state, buf->buf.bytesused);
+
+ switch (buf->state) {
+ case UVC_BUF_STATE_ERROR:
+ uvc_trace(UVC_TRACE_CAPTURE, "[W] Corrupted data "
+ "(transmission error).\n");
+ ret = -EIO;
+ case UVC_BUF_STATE_DONE:
+ buf->state = UVC_BUF_STATE_IDLE;
+ break;
+
+ case UVC_BUF_STATE_IDLE:
+ case UVC_BUF_STATE_QUEUED:
+ case UVC_BUF_STATE_ACTIVE:
+ default:
+ uvc_trace(UVC_TRACE_CAPTURE, "[E] Invalid buffer state %u "
+ "(driver bug?).\n", buf->state);
+ ret = -EINVAL;
+ goto done;
+ }
+
+ list_del(&buf->stream);
+ __uvc_query_buffer(buf, v4l2_buf);
+
+done:
+ mutex_unlock(&queue->mutex);
+ return ret;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Poll the video queue.
+ *
+ * This function implements video queue polling and is intended to be used by
+ * the device poll handler.
+ */
+unsigned int uvc_queue_poll(struct uvc_video_queue *queue, struct file *file,
+ poll_table *wait)
+{
+ struct uvc_buffer *buf;
+ unsigned int mask = 0;
+
+ mutex_lock(&queue->mutex);
+ if (list_empty(&queue->mainqueue))
+ goto done;
+
+ buf = list_first_entry(&queue->mainqueue, struct uvc_buffer, stream);
+
+ poll_wait(file, &buf->wait, wait);
+ if (buf->state == UVC_BUF_STATE_DONE ||
+ buf->state == UVC_BUF_STATE_ERROR)
+ mask |= POLLOUT | POLLWRNORM;
+
+done:
+ mutex_unlock(&queue->mutex);
+ return mask;
+}
+
+/*
+ * VMA operations.
+ */
+static void uvc_vm_open(struct vm_area_struct *vma)
+{
+ struct uvc_buffer *buffer = vma->vm_private_data;
+ buffer->vma_use_count++;
+}
+
+static void uvc_vm_close(struct vm_area_struct *vma)
+{
+ struct uvc_buffer *buffer = vma->vm_private_data;
+ buffer->vma_use_count--;
+}
+
+static struct vm_operations_struct uvc_vm_ops = {
+ .open = uvc_vm_open,
+ .close = uvc_vm_close,
+};
+
+/*
+ * Memory-map a buffer.
+ *
+ * This function implements video buffer memory mapping and is intended to be
+ * used by the device mmap handler.
+ */
+int uvc_queue_mmap(struct uvc_video_queue *queue, struct vm_area_struct *vma)
+{
+ struct uvc_buffer *uninitialized_var(buffer);
+ struct page *page;
+ unsigned long addr, start, size;
+ unsigned int i;
+ int ret = 0;
+
+ start = vma->vm_start;
+ size = vma->vm_end - vma->vm_start;
+
+ mutex_lock(&queue->mutex);
+
+ for (i = 0; i < queue->count; ++i) {
+ buffer = &queue->buffer[i];
+ if ((buffer->buf.m.offset >> PAGE_SHIFT) == vma->vm_pgoff)
+ break;
+ }
+
+ if (i == queue->count || size != queue->buf_size) {
+ ret = -EINVAL;
+ goto done;
+ }
+
+ /*
+ * VM_IO marks the area as being an mmaped region for I/O to a
+ * device. It also prevents the region from being core dumped.
+ */
+ vma->vm_flags |= VM_IO;
+
+ addr = (unsigned long)queue->mem + buffer->buf.m.offset;
+ while (size > 0) {
+ page = vmalloc_to_page((void *)addr);
+ if ((ret = vm_insert_page(vma, start, page)) < 0)
+ goto done;
+
+ start += PAGE_SIZE;
+ addr += PAGE_SIZE;
+ size -= PAGE_SIZE;
+ }
+
+ vma->vm_ops = &uvc_vm_ops;
+ vma->vm_private_data = buffer;
+ uvc_vm_open(vma);
+
+done:
+ mutex_unlock(&queue->mutex);
+ return ret;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Enable or disable the video buffers queue.
+ *
+ * The queue must be enabled before starting video acquisition and must be
+ * disabled after stopping it. This ensures that the video buffers queue
+ * state can be properly initialized before buffers are accessed from the
+ * interrupt handler.
+ *
+ * Enabling the video queue initializes parameters (such as sequence number,
+ * sync pattern, ...). If the queue is already enabled, return -EBUSY.
+ *
+ * Disabling the video queue cancels the queue and removes all buffers from
+ * the main queue.
+ *
+ * This function can't be called from interrupt context. Use
+ * uvc_queue_cancel() instead.
+ */
+int uvc_queue_enable(struct uvc_video_queue *queue, int enable)
+{
+ unsigned int i;
+ int ret = 0;
+
+ mutex_lock(&queue->mutex);
+ if (enable) {
+ if (uvc_queue_streaming(queue)) {
+ ret = -EBUSY;
+ goto done;
+ }
+ queue->sequence = 0;
+ queue->flags |= UVC_QUEUE_STREAMING;
+ queue->buf_used = 0;
+ } else {
+ uvc_queue_cancel(queue, 0);
+ INIT_LIST_HEAD(&queue->mainqueue);
+
+ for (i = 0; i < queue->count; ++i)
+ queue->buffer[i].state = UVC_BUF_STATE_IDLE;
+
+ queue->flags &= ~UVC_QUEUE_STREAMING;
+ }
+
+done:
+ mutex_unlock(&queue->mutex);
+ return ret;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Cancel the video buffers queue.
+ *
+ * Cancelling the queue marks all buffers on the irq queue as erroneous,
+ * wakes them up and removes them from the queue.
+ *
+ * If the disconnect parameter is set, further calls to uvc_queue_buffer will
+ * fail with -ENODEV.
+ *
+ * This function acquires the irq spinlock and can be called from interrupt
+ * context.
+ */
+void uvc_queue_cancel(struct uvc_video_queue *queue, int disconnect)
+{
+ struct uvc_buffer *buf;
+ unsigned long flags;
+
+ spin_lock_irqsave(&queue->irqlock, flags);
+ while (!list_empty(&queue->irqqueue)) {
+ buf = list_first_entry(&queue->irqqueue, struct uvc_buffer,
+ queue);
+ list_del(&buf->queue);
+ buf->state = UVC_BUF_STATE_ERROR;
+ wake_up(&buf->wait);
+ }
+ /* This must be protected by the irqlock spinlock to avoid race
+ * conditions between uvc_queue_buffer and the disconnection event that
+ * could result in an interruptible wait in uvc_dequeue_buffer. Do not
+ * blindly replace this logic by checking for the UVC_DEV_DISCONNECTED
+ * state outside the queue code.
+ */
+ if (disconnect)
+ queue->flags |= UVC_QUEUE_DISCONNECTED;
+ spin_unlock_irqrestore(&queue->irqlock, flags);
+}
+
+struct uvc_buffer *uvc_queue_next_buffer(struct uvc_video_queue *queue,
+ struct uvc_buffer *buf)
+{
+ struct uvc_buffer *nextbuf;
+ unsigned long flags;
+
+ if ((queue->flags & UVC_QUEUE_DROP_INCOMPLETE) &&
+ buf->buf.length != buf->buf.bytesused) {
+ buf->state = UVC_BUF_STATE_QUEUED;
+ buf->buf.bytesused = 0;
+ return buf;
+ }
+
+ spin_lock_irqsave(&queue->irqlock, flags);
+ list_del(&buf->queue);
+ if (!list_empty(&queue->irqqueue))
+ nextbuf = list_first_entry(&queue->irqqueue, struct uvc_buffer,
+ queue);
+ else
+ nextbuf = NULL;
+ spin_unlock_irqrestore(&queue->irqlock, flags);
+
+ buf->buf.sequence = queue->sequence++;
+ do_gettimeofday(&buf->buf.timestamp);
+
+ wake_up(&buf->wait);
+ return nextbuf;
+}
+
+struct uvc_buffer *uvc_queue_head(struct uvc_video_queue *queue)
+{
+ struct uvc_buffer *buf = NULL;
+
+ if (!list_empty(&queue->irqqueue))
+ buf = list_first_entry(&queue->irqqueue, struct uvc_buffer,
+ queue);
+ else
+ queue->flags |= UVC_QUEUE_PAUSED;
+
+ return buf;
+}
+

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