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authorDave Young <dyoung@redhat.com>2012-03-28 14:42:56 -0700
committerLinus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>2012-03-28 17:14:37 -0700
commitf0f57b2b1488251970c25deea0ea150a8d0911ed (patch)
tree6a1021691892c6bfa6c7471861b87eb72cd1be1a /tools
parent63e315535abe0d820d0e3db4c06bc5de74aeefc8 (diff)
mm: move hugepage test examples to tools/testing/selftests/vm
hugepage-mmap.c, hugepage-shm.c and map_hugetlb.c in Documentation/vm are simple pass/fail tests, It's better to promote them to tools/testing/selftests. Thanks suggestion of Andrew Morton about this. They all need firstly setting up proper nr_hugepages and hugepage-mmap need to mount hugetlbfs. So I add a shell script run_vmtests to do such work which will call the three test programs and check the return value of them. Changes to original code including below: a. add run_vmtests script b. return error when read_bytes mismatch with writed bytes. c. coding style fixes: do not use assignment in if condition [akpm@linux-foundation.org: build the targets before trying to execute them] [akpm@linux-foundation.org: Documentation/vm/ no longer has a Makefile. Fixes "make clean"] Signed-off-by: Dave Young <dyoung@redhat.com> Cc: Wu Fengguang <fengguang.wu@intel.com> Cc: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux.com> Cc: Pekka Enberg <penberg@cs.helsinki.fi> Cc: Frederic Weisbecker <fweisbec@gmail.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
Diffstat (limited to 'tools')
-rw-r--r--tools/testing/selftests/Makefile2
-rw-r--r--tools/testing/selftests/vm/Makefile14
-rw-r--r--tools/testing/selftests/vm/hugepage-mmap.c92
-rw-r--r--tools/testing/selftests/vm/hugepage-shm.c100
-rw-r--r--tools/testing/selftests/vm/map_hugetlb.c79
-rw-r--r--tools/testing/selftests/vm/run_vmtests77
6 files changed, 363 insertions, 1 deletions
diff --git a/tools/testing/selftests/Makefile b/tools/testing/selftests/Makefile
index 9203cd77fc33..28bc57ee757c 100644
--- a/tools/testing/selftests/Makefile
+++ b/tools/testing/selftests/Makefile
@@ -1,4 +1,4 @@
-TARGETS = breakpoints
+TARGETS = breakpoints vm
all:
for TARGET in $(TARGETS); do \
diff --git a/tools/testing/selftests/vm/Makefile b/tools/testing/selftests/vm/Makefile
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..b336b24aa6c0
--- /dev/null
+++ b/tools/testing/selftests/vm/Makefile
@@ -0,0 +1,14 @@
+# Makefile for vm selftests
+
+CC = $(CROSS_COMPILE)gcc
+CFLAGS = -Wall -Wextra
+
+all: hugepage-mmap hugepage-shm map_hugetlb
+%: %.c
+ $(CC) $(CFLAGS) -o $@ $^
+
+run_tests: all
+ /bin/sh ./run_vmtests
+
+clean:
+ $(RM) hugepage-mmap hugepage-shm map_hugetlb
diff --git a/tools/testing/selftests/vm/hugepage-mmap.c b/tools/testing/selftests/vm/hugepage-mmap.c
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..a10f310d2362
--- /dev/null
+++ b/tools/testing/selftests/vm/hugepage-mmap.c
@@ -0,0 +1,92 @@
+/*
+ * hugepage-mmap:
+ *
+ * Example of using huge page memory in a user application using the mmap
+ * system call. Before running this application, make sure that the
+ * administrator has mounted the hugetlbfs filesystem (on some directory
+ * like /mnt) using the command mount -t hugetlbfs nodev /mnt. In this
+ * example, the app is requesting memory of size 256MB that is backed by
+ * huge pages.
+ *
+ * For the ia64 architecture, the Linux kernel reserves Region number 4 for
+ * huge pages. That means that if one requires a fixed address, a huge page
+ * aligned address starting with 0x800000... will be required. If a fixed
+ * address is not required, the kernel will select an address in the proper
+ * range.
+ * Other architectures, such as ppc64, i386 or x86_64 are not so constrained.
+ */
+
+#include <stdlib.h>
+#include <stdio.h>
+#include <unistd.h>
+#include <sys/mman.h>
+#include <fcntl.h>
+
+#define FILE_NAME "huge/hugepagefile"
+#define LENGTH (256UL*1024*1024)
+#define PROTECTION (PROT_READ | PROT_WRITE)
+
+/* Only ia64 requires this */
+#ifdef __ia64__
+#define ADDR (void *)(0x8000000000000000UL)
+#define FLAGS (MAP_SHARED | MAP_FIXED)
+#else
+#define ADDR (void *)(0x0UL)
+#define FLAGS (MAP_SHARED)
+#endif
+
+static void check_bytes(char *addr)
+{
+ printf("First hex is %x\n", *((unsigned int *)addr));
+}
+
+static void write_bytes(char *addr)
+{
+ unsigned long i;
+
+ for (i = 0; i < LENGTH; i++)
+ *(addr + i) = (char)i;
+}
+
+static int read_bytes(char *addr)
+{
+ unsigned long i;
+
+ check_bytes(addr);
+ for (i = 0; i < LENGTH; i++)
+ if (*(addr + i) != (char)i) {
+ printf("Mismatch at %lu\n", i);
+ return 1;
+ }
+ return 0;
+}
+
+int main(void)
+{
+ void *addr;
+ int fd, ret;
+
+ fd = open(FILE_NAME, O_CREAT | O_RDWR, 0755);
+ if (fd < 0) {
+ perror("Open failed");
+ exit(1);
+ }
+
+ addr = mmap(ADDR, LENGTH, PROTECTION, FLAGS, fd, 0);
+ if (addr == MAP_FAILED) {
+ perror("mmap");
+ unlink(FILE_NAME);
+ exit(1);
+ }
+
+ printf("Returned address is %p\n", addr);
+ check_bytes(addr);
+ write_bytes(addr);
+ ret = read_bytes(addr);
+
+ munmap(addr, LENGTH);
+ close(fd);
+ unlink(FILE_NAME);
+
+ return ret;
+}
diff --git a/tools/testing/selftests/vm/hugepage-shm.c b/tools/testing/selftests/vm/hugepage-shm.c
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..0d0ef4fc0c04
--- /dev/null
+++ b/tools/testing/selftests/vm/hugepage-shm.c
@@ -0,0 +1,100 @@
+/*
+ * hugepage-shm:
+ *
+ * Example of using huge page memory in a user application using Sys V shared
+ * memory system calls. In this example the app is requesting 256MB of
+ * memory that is backed by huge pages. The application uses the flag
+ * SHM_HUGETLB in the shmget system call to inform the kernel that it is
+ * requesting huge pages.
+ *
+ * For the ia64 architecture, the Linux kernel reserves Region number 4 for
+ * huge pages. That means that if one requires a fixed address, a huge page
+ * aligned address starting with 0x800000... will be required. If a fixed
+ * address is not required, the kernel will select an address in the proper
+ * range.
+ * Other architectures, such as ppc64, i386 or x86_64 are not so constrained.
+ *
+ * Note: The default shared memory limit is quite low on many kernels,
+ * you may need to increase it via:
+ *
+ * echo 268435456 > /proc/sys/kernel/shmmax
+ *
+ * This will increase the maximum size per shared memory segment to 256MB.
+ * The other limit that you will hit eventually is shmall which is the
+ * total amount of shared memory in pages. To set it to 16GB on a system
+ * with a 4kB pagesize do:
+ *
+ * echo 4194304 > /proc/sys/kernel/shmall
+ */
+
+#include <stdlib.h>
+#include <stdio.h>
+#include <sys/types.h>
+#include <sys/ipc.h>
+#include <sys/shm.h>
+#include <sys/mman.h>
+
+#ifndef SHM_HUGETLB
+#define SHM_HUGETLB 04000
+#endif
+
+#define LENGTH (256UL*1024*1024)
+
+#define dprintf(x) printf(x)
+
+/* Only ia64 requires this */
+#ifdef __ia64__
+#define ADDR (void *)(0x8000000000000000UL)
+#define SHMAT_FLAGS (SHM_RND)
+#else
+#define ADDR (void *)(0x0UL)
+#define SHMAT_FLAGS (0)
+#endif
+
+int main(void)
+{
+ int shmid;
+ unsigned long i;
+ char *shmaddr;
+
+ shmid = shmget(2, LENGTH, SHM_HUGETLB | IPC_CREAT | SHM_R | SHM_W);
+ if (shmid < 0) {
+ perror("shmget");
+ exit(1);
+ }
+ printf("shmid: 0x%x\n", shmid);
+
+ shmaddr = shmat(shmid, ADDR, SHMAT_FLAGS);
+ if (shmaddr == (char *)-1) {
+ perror("Shared memory attach failure");
+ shmctl(shmid, IPC_RMID, NULL);
+ exit(2);
+ }
+ printf("shmaddr: %p\n", shmaddr);
+
+ dprintf("Starting the writes:\n");
+ for (i = 0; i < LENGTH; i++) {
+ shmaddr[i] = (char)(i);
+ if (!(i % (1024 * 1024)))
+ dprintf(".");
+ }
+ dprintf("\n");
+
+ dprintf("Starting the Check...");
+ for (i = 0; i < LENGTH; i++)
+ if (shmaddr[i] != (char)i) {
+ printf("\nIndex %lu mismatched\n", i);
+ exit(3);
+ }
+ dprintf("Done.\n");
+
+ if (shmdt((const void *)shmaddr) != 0) {
+ perror("Detach failure");
+ shmctl(shmid, IPC_RMID, NULL);
+ exit(4);
+ }
+
+ shmctl(shmid, IPC_RMID, NULL);
+
+ return 0;
+}
diff --git a/tools/testing/selftests/vm/map_hugetlb.c b/tools/testing/selftests/vm/map_hugetlb.c
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..ac56639dd4a9
--- /dev/null
+++ b/tools/testing/selftests/vm/map_hugetlb.c
@@ -0,0 +1,79 @@
+/*
+ * Example of using hugepage memory in a user application using the mmap
+ * system call with MAP_HUGETLB flag. Before running this program make
+ * sure the administrator has allocated enough default sized huge pages
+ * to cover the 256 MB allocation.
+ *
+ * For ia64 architecture, Linux kernel reserves Region number 4 for hugepages.
+ * That means the addresses starting with 0x800000... will need to be
+ * specified. Specifying a fixed address is not required on ppc64, i386
+ * or x86_64.
+ */
+#include <stdlib.h>
+#include <stdio.h>
+#include <unistd.h>
+#include <sys/mman.h>
+#include <fcntl.h>
+
+#define LENGTH (256UL*1024*1024)
+#define PROTECTION (PROT_READ | PROT_WRITE)
+
+#ifndef MAP_HUGETLB
+#define MAP_HUGETLB 0x40000 /* arch specific */
+#endif
+
+/* Only ia64 requires this */
+#ifdef __ia64__
+#define ADDR (void *)(0x8000000000000000UL)
+#define FLAGS (MAP_PRIVATE | MAP_ANONYMOUS | MAP_HUGETLB | MAP_FIXED)
+#else
+#define ADDR (void *)(0x0UL)
+#define FLAGS (MAP_PRIVATE | MAP_ANONYMOUS | MAP_HUGETLB)
+#endif
+
+static void check_bytes(char *addr)
+{
+ printf("First hex is %x\n", *((unsigned int *)addr));
+}
+
+static void write_bytes(char *addr)
+{
+ unsigned long i;
+
+ for (i = 0; i < LENGTH; i++)
+ *(addr + i) = (char)i;
+}
+
+static int read_bytes(char *addr)
+{
+ unsigned long i;
+
+ check_bytes(addr);
+ for (i = 0; i < LENGTH; i++)
+ if (*(addr + i) != (char)i) {
+ printf("Mismatch at %lu\n", i);
+ return 1;
+ }
+ return 0;
+}
+
+int main(void)
+{
+ void *addr;
+ int ret;
+
+ addr = mmap(ADDR, LENGTH, PROTECTION, FLAGS, 0, 0);
+ if (addr == MAP_FAILED) {
+ perror("mmap");
+ exit(1);
+ }
+
+ printf("Returned address is %p\n", addr);
+ check_bytes(addr);
+ write_bytes(addr);
+ ret = read_bytes(addr);
+
+ munmap(addr, LENGTH);
+
+ return ret;
+}
diff --git a/tools/testing/selftests/vm/run_vmtests b/tools/testing/selftests/vm/run_vmtests
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..8b40bd5e5cc2
--- /dev/null
+++ b/tools/testing/selftests/vm/run_vmtests
@@ -0,0 +1,77 @@
+#!/bin/bash
+#please run as root
+
+#we need 256M, below is the size in kB
+needmem=262144
+mnt=./huge
+
+#get pagesize and freepages from /proc/meminfo
+while read name size unit; do
+ if [ "$name" = "HugePages_Free:" ]; then
+ freepgs=$size
+ fi
+ if [ "$name" = "Hugepagesize:" ]; then
+ pgsize=$size
+ fi
+done < /proc/meminfo
+
+#set proper nr_hugepages
+if [ -n "$freepgs" ] && [ -n "$pgsize" ]; then
+ nr_hugepgs=`cat /proc/sys/vm/nr_hugepages`
+ needpgs=`expr $needmem / $pgsize`
+ if [ $freepgs -lt $needpgs ]; then
+ lackpgs=$(( $needpgs - $freepgs ))
+ echo $(( $lackpgs + $nr_hugepgs )) > /proc/sys/vm/nr_hugepages
+ if [ $? -ne 0 ]; then
+ echo "Please run this test as root"
+ exit 1
+ fi
+ fi
+else
+ echo "no hugetlbfs support in kernel?"
+ exit 1
+fi
+
+mkdir $mnt
+mount -t hugetlbfs none $mnt
+
+echo "--------------------"
+echo "runing hugepage-mmap"
+echo "--------------------"
+./hugepage-mmap
+if [ $? -ne 0 ]; then
+ echo "[FAIL]"
+else
+ echo "[PASS]"
+fi
+
+shmmax=`cat /proc/sys/kernel/shmmax`
+shmall=`cat /proc/sys/kernel/shmall`
+echo 268435456 > /proc/sys/kernel/shmmax
+echo 4194304 > /proc/sys/kernel/shmall
+echo "--------------------"
+echo "runing hugepage-shm"
+echo "--------------------"
+./hugepage-shm
+if [ $? -ne 0 ]; then
+ echo "[FAIL]"
+else
+ echo "[PASS]"
+fi
+echo $shmmax > /proc/sys/kernel/shmmax
+echo $shmall > /proc/sys/kernel/shmall
+
+echo "--------------------"
+echo "runing map_hugetlb"
+echo "--------------------"
+./map_hugetlb
+if [ $? -ne 0 ]; then
+ echo "[FAIL]"
+else
+ echo "[PASS]"
+fi
+
+#cleanup
+umount $mnt
+rm -rf $mnt
+echo $nr_hugepgs > /proc/sys/vm/nr_hugepages

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