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authorAlex Williamson <alex.williamson@redhat.com>2013-09-04 11:28:04 -0600
committerAlex Williamson <alex.williamson@redhat.com>2013-09-04 11:28:04 -0600
commit8b27ee60bfd6bbb84d2df28fa706c5c5081066ca (patch)
tree1fab334bc5bfdc157df746cda06ad328cc1a5208
parent3bc4f3993b93dbf1f6402e2034a2e20eb07db807 (diff)
vfio-pci: PCI hot reset interface
The current VFIO_DEVICE_RESET interface only maps to PCI use cases where we can isolate the reset to the individual PCI function. This means the device must support FLR (PCIe or AF), PM reset on D3hot->D0 transition, device specific reset, or be a singleton device on a bus for a secondary bus reset. FLR does not have widespread support, PM reset is not very reliable, and bus topology is dictated by the system and device design. We need to provide a means for a user to induce a bus reset in cases where the existing mechanisms are not available or not reliable. This device specific extension to VFIO provides the user with this ability. Two new ioctls are introduced: - VFIO_DEVICE_PCI_GET_HOT_RESET_INFO - VFIO_DEVICE_PCI_HOT_RESET The first provides the user with information about the extent of devices affected by a hot reset. This is essentially a list of devices and the IOMMU groups they belong to. The user may then initiate a hot reset by calling the second ioctl. We must be careful that the user has ownership of all the affected devices found via the first ioctl, so the second ioctl takes a list of file descriptors for the VFIO groups affected by the reset. Each group must have IOMMU protection established for the ioctl to succeed. Signed-off-by: Alex Williamson <alex.williamson@redhat.com>
-rw-r--r--drivers/vfio/pci/vfio_pci.c286
-rw-r--r--include/uapi/linux/vfio.h38
2 files changed, 323 insertions, 1 deletions
diff --git a/drivers/vfio/pci/vfio_pci.c b/drivers/vfio/pci/vfio_pci.c
index cef6002acbd4..6ab71b9fcf8d 100644
--- a/drivers/vfio/pci/vfio_pci.c
+++ b/drivers/vfio/pci/vfio_pci.c
@@ -13,6 +13,7 @@
#include <linux/device.h>
#include <linux/eventfd.h>
+#include <linux/file.h>
#include <linux/interrupt.h>
#include <linux/iommu.h>
#include <linux/module.h>
@@ -227,6 +228,110 @@ static int vfio_pci_get_irq_count(struct vfio_pci_device *vdev, int irq_type)
return 0;
}
+static int vfio_pci_count_devs(struct pci_dev *pdev, void *data)
+{
+ (*(int *)data)++;
+ return 0;
+}
+
+struct vfio_pci_fill_info {
+ int max;
+ int cur;
+ struct vfio_pci_dependent_device *devices;
+};
+
+static int vfio_pci_fill_devs(struct pci_dev *pdev, void *data)
+{
+ struct vfio_pci_fill_info *fill = data;
+ struct iommu_group *iommu_group;
+
+ if (fill->cur == fill->max)
+ return -EAGAIN; /* Something changed, try again */
+
+ iommu_group = iommu_group_get(&pdev->dev);
+ if (!iommu_group)
+ return -EPERM; /* Cannot reset non-isolated devices */
+
+ fill->devices[fill->cur].group_id = iommu_group_id(iommu_group);
+ fill->devices[fill->cur].segment = pci_domain_nr(pdev->bus);
+ fill->devices[fill->cur].bus = pdev->bus->number;
+ fill->devices[fill->cur].devfn = pdev->devfn;
+ fill->cur++;
+ iommu_group_put(iommu_group);
+ return 0;
+}
+
+struct vfio_pci_group_entry {
+ struct vfio_group *group;
+ int id;
+};
+
+struct vfio_pci_group_info {
+ int count;
+ struct vfio_pci_group_entry *groups;
+};
+
+static int vfio_pci_validate_devs(struct pci_dev *pdev, void *data)
+{
+ struct vfio_pci_group_info *info = data;
+ struct iommu_group *group;
+ int id, i;
+
+ group = iommu_group_get(&pdev->dev);
+ if (!group)
+ return -EPERM;
+
+ id = iommu_group_id(group);
+
+ for (i = 0; i < info->count; i++)
+ if (info->groups[i].id == id)
+ break;
+
+ iommu_group_put(group);
+
+ return (i == info->count) ? -EINVAL : 0;
+}
+
+static bool vfio_pci_dev_below_slot(struct pci_dev *pdev, struct pci_slot *slot)
+{
+ for (; pdev; pdev = pdev->bus->self)
+ if (pdev->bus == slot->bus)
+ return (pdev->slot == slot);
+ return false;
+}
+
+struct vfio_pci_walk_info {
+ int (*fn)(struct pci_dev *, void *data);
+ void *data;
+ struct pci_dev *pdev;
+ bool slot;
+ int ret;
+};
+
+static int vfio_pci_walk_wrapper(struct pci_dev *pdev, void *data)
+{
+ struct vfio_pci_walk_info *walk = data;
+
+ if (!walk->slot || vfio_pci_dev_below_slot(pdev, walk->pdev->slot))
+ walk->ret = walk->fn(pdev, walk->data);
+
+ return walk->ret;
+}
+
+static int vfio_pci_for_each_slot_or_bus(struct pci_dev *pdev,
+ int (*fn)(struct pci_dev *,
+ void *data), void *data,
+ bool slot)
+{
+ struct vfio_pci_walk_info walk = {
+ .fn = fn, .data = data, .pdev = pdev, .slot = slot, .ret = 0,
+ };
+
+ pci_walk_bus(pdev->bus, vfio_pci_walk_wrapper, &walk);
+
+ return walk.ret;
+}
+
static long vfio_pci_ioctl(void *device_data,
unsigned int cmd, unsigned long arg)
{
@@ -407,10 +512,189 @@ static long vfio_pci_ioctl(void *device_data,
return ret;
- } else if (cmd == VFIO_DEVICE_RESET)
+ } else if (cmd == VFIO_DEVICE_RESET) {
return vdev->reset_works ?
pci_reset_function(vdev->pdev) : -EINVAL;
+ } else if (cmd == VFIO_DEVICE_GET_PCI_HOT_RESET_INFO) {
+ struct vfio_pci_hot_reset_info hdr;
+ struct vfio_pci_fill_info fill = { 0 };
+ struct vfio_pci_dependent_device *devices = NULL;
+ bool slot = false;
+ int ret = 0;
+
+ minsz = offsetofend(struct vfio_pci_hot_reset_info, count);
+
+ if (copy_from_user(&hdr, (void __user *)arg, minsz))
+ return -EFAULT;
+
+ if (hdr.argsz < minsz)
+ return -EINVAL;
+
+ hdr.flags = 0;
+
+ /* Can we do a slot or bus reset or neither? */
+ if (!pci_probe_reset_slot(vdev->pdev->slot))
+ slot = true;
+ else if (pci_probe_reset_bus(vdev->pdev->bus))
+ return -ENODEV;
+
+ /* How many devices are affected? */
+ ret = vfio_pci_for_each_slot_or_bus(vdev->pdev,
+ vfio_pci_count_devs,
+ &fill.max, slot);
+ if (ret)
+ return ret;
+
+ WARN_ON(!fill.max); /* Should always be at least one */
+
+ /*
+ * If there's enough space, fill it now, otherwise return
+ * -ENOSPC and the number of devices affected.
+ */
+ if (hdr.argsz < sizeof(hdr) + (fill.max * sizeof(*devices))) {
+ ret = -ENOSPC;
+ hdr.count = fill.max;
+ goto reset_info_exit;
+ }
+
+ devices = kcalloc(fill.max, sizeof(*devices), GFP_KERNEL);
+ if (!devices)
+ return -ENOMEM;
+
+ fill.devices = devices;
+
+ ret = vfio_pci_for_each_slot_or_bus(vdev->pdev,
+ vfio_pci_fill_devs,
+ &fill, slot);
+
+ /*
+ * If a device was removed between counting and filling,
+ * we may come up short of fill.max. If a device was
+ * added, we'll have a return of -EAGAIN above.
+ */
+ if (!ret)
+ hdr.count = fill.cur;
+
+reset_info_exit:
+ if (copy_to_user((void __user *)arg, &hdr, minsz))
+ ret = -EFAULT;
+
+ if (!ret) {
+ if (copy_to_user((void __user *)(arg + minsz), devices,
+ hdr.count * sizeof(*devices)))
+ ret = -EFAULT;
+ }
+
+ kfree(devices);
+ return ret;
+
+ } else if (cmd == VFIO_DEVICE_PCI_HOT_RESET) {
+ struct vfio_pci_hot_reset hdr;
+ int32_t *group_fds;
+ struct vfio_pci_group_entry *groups;
+ struct vfio_pci_group_info info;
+ bool slot = false;
+ int i, count = 0, ret = 0;
+
+ minsz = offsetofend(struct vfio_pci_hot_reset, count);
+
+ if (copy_from_user(&hdr, (void __user *)arg, minsz))
+ return -EFAULT;
+
+ if (hdr.argsz < minsz || hdr.flags)
+ return -EINVAL;
+
+ /* Can we do a slot or bus reset or neither? */
+ if (!pci_probe_reset_slot(vdev->pdev->slot))
+ slot = true;
+ else if (pci_probe_reset_bus(vdev->pdev->bus))
+ return -ENODEV;
+
+ /*
+ * We can't let userspace give us an arbitrarily large
+ * buffer to copy, so verify how many we think there
+ * could be. Note groups can have multiple devices so
+ * one group per device is the max.
+ */
+ ret = vfio_pci_for_each_slot_or_bus(vdev->pdev,
+ vfio_pci_count_devs,
+ &count, slot);
+ if (ret)
+ return ret;
+
+ /* Somewhere between 1 and count is OK */
+ if (!hdr.count || hdr.count > count)
+ return -EINVAL;
+
+ group_fds = kcalloc(hdr.count, sizeof(*group_fds), GFP_KERNEL);
+ groups = kcalloc(hdr.count, sizeof(*groups), GFP_KERNEL);
+ if (!group_fds || !groups) {
+ kfree(group_fds);
+ kfree(groups);
+ return -ENOMEM;
+ }
+
+ if (copy_from_user(group_fds, (void __user *)(arg + minsz),
+ hdr.count * sizeof(*group_fds))) {
+ kfree(group_fds);
+ kfree(groups);
+ return -EFAULT;
+ }
+
+ /*
+ * For each group_fd, get the group through the vfio external
+ * user interface and store the group and iommu ID. This
+ * ensures the group is held across the reset.
+ */
+ for (i = 0; i < hdr.count; i++) {
+ struct vfio_group *group;
+ struct fd f = fdget(group_fds[i]);
+ if (!f.file) {
+ ret = -EBADF;
+ break;
+ }
+
+ group = vfio_group_get_external_user(f.file);
+ fdput(f);
+ if (IS_ERR(group)) {
+ ret = PTR_ERR(group);
+ break;
+ }
+
+ groups[i].group = group;
+ groups[i].id = vfio_external_user_iommu_id(group);
+ }
+
+ kfree(group_fds);
+
+ /* release reference to groups on error */
+ if (ret)
+ goto hot_reset_release;
+
+ info.count = hdr.count;
+ info.groups = groups;
+
+ /*
+ * Test whether all the affected devices are contained
+ * by the set of groups provided by the user.
+ */
+ ret = vfio_pci_for_each_slot_or_bus(vdev->pdev,
+ vfio_pci_validate_devs,
+ &info, slot);
+ if (!ret)
+ /* User has access, do the reset */
+ ret = slot ? pci_reset_slot(vdev->pdev->slot) :
+ pci_reset_bus(vdev->pdev->bus);
+
+hot_reset_release:
+ for (i--; i >= 0; i--)
+ vfio_group_put_external_user(groups[i].group);
+
+ kfree(groups);
+ return ret;
+ }
+
return -ENOTTY;
}
diff --git a/include/uapi/linux/vfio.h b/include/uapi/linux/vfio.h
index 916e444e6f74..0fd47f5bc146 100644
--- a/include/uapi/linux/vfio.h
+++ b/include/uapi/linux/vfio.h
@@ -324,6 +324,44 @@ enum {
VFIO_PCI_NUM_IRQS
};
+/**
+ * VFIO_DEVICE_GET_PCI_HOT_RESET_INFO - _IORW(VFIO_TYPE, VFIO_BASE + 12,
+ * struct vfio_pci_hot_reset_info)
+ *
+ * Return: 0 on success, -errno on failure:
+ * -enospc = insufficient buffer, -enodev = unsupported for device.
+ */
+struct vfio_pci_dependent_device {
+ __u32 group_id;
+ __u16 segment;
+ __u8 bus;
+ __u8 devfn; /* Use PCI_SLOT/PCI_FUNC */
+};
+
+struct vfio_pci_hot_reset_info {
+ __u32 argsz;
+ __u32 flags;
+ __u32 count;
+ struct vfio_pci_dependent_device devices[];
+};
+
+#define VFIO_DEVICE_GET_PCI_HOT_RESET_INFO _IO(VFIO_TYPE, VFIO_BASE + 12)
+
+/**
+ * VFIO_DEVICE_PCI_HOT_RESET - _IOW(VFIO_TYPE, VFIO_BASE + 13,
+ * struct vfio_pci_hot_reset)
+ *
+ * Return: 0 on success, -errno on failure.
+ */
+struct vfio_pci_hot_reset {
+ __u32 argsz;
+ __u32 flags;
+ __u32 count;
+ __s32 group_fds[];
+};
+
+#define VFIO_DEVICE_PCI_HOT_RESET _IO(VFIO_TYPE, VFIO_BASE + 13)
+
/* -------- API for Type1 VFIO IOMMU -------- */
/**

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