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authorDaniel Borkmann <dborkman@redhat.com>2013-03-20 12:11:47 +0000
committerDavid S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>2013-03-21 11:35:41 -0400
commite306e2c13b8c214618af0c61acf62a6e42d486de (patch)
tree69e093bc04315734365aa942f6e590039a9ac8b0
parentb34870fc9ff15fe46c4066faeeec437a4e63e2d8 (diff)
filter: add minimal BPF JIT image disassembler
This is a minimal stand-alone user space helper, that allows for debugging or verification of emitted BPF JIT images. This is in particular useful for emitted opcode debugging, since minor bugs in the JIT compiler can be fatal. The disassembler is architecture generic and uses libopcodes and libbfd. How to get to the disassembly, example: 1) `echo 2 > /proc/sys/net/core/bpf_jit_enable` 2) Load a BPF filter (e.g. `tcpdump -p -n -s 0 -i eth1 host 192.168.20.0/24`) 3) Run e.g. `bpf_jit_disasm -o` to disassemble the most recent JIT code output `bpf_jit_disasm -o` will display the related opcodes to a particular instruction as well. Example for x86_64: $ ./bpf_jit_disasm 94 bytes emitted from JIT compiler (pass:3, flen:9) ffffffffa0356000 + <x>: 0: push %rbp 1: mov %rsp,%rbp 4: sub $0x60,%rsp 8: mov %rbx,-0x8(%rbp) c: mov 0x68(%rdi),%r9d 10: sub 0x6c(%rdi),%r9d 14: mov 0xe0(%rdi),%r8 1b: mov $0xc,%esi 20: callq 0xffffffffe0d01b71 25: cmp $0x86dd,%eax 2a: jne 0x000000000000003d 2c: mov $0x14,%esi 31: callq 0xffffffffe0d01b8d 36: cmp $0x6,%eax [...] 5c: leaveq 5d: retq $ ./bpf_jit_disasm -o 94 bytes emitted from JIT compiler (pass:3, flen:9) ffffffffa0356000 + <x>: 0: push %rbp 55 1: mov %rsp,%rbp 48 89 e5 4: sub $0x60,%rsp 48 83 ec 60 8: mov %rbx,-0x8(%rbp) 48 89 5d f8 c: mov 0x68(%rdi),%r9d 44 8b 4f 68 10: sub 0x6c(%rdi),%r9d 44 2b 4f 6c [...] 5c: leaveq c9 5d: retq c3 Signed-off-by: Daniel Borkmann <dborkman@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
-rw-r--r--tools/Makefile11
-rw-r--r--tools/net/Makefile15
-rw-r--r--tools/net/bpf_jit_disasm.c199
3 files changed, 220 insertions, 5 deletions
diff --git a/tools/Makefile b/tools/Makefile
index fa36565b209d..c73c6357481c 100644
--- a/tools/Makefile
+++ b/tools/Makefile
@@ -12,6 +12,7 @@ help:
@echo ' turbostat - Intel CPU idle stats and freq reporting tool'
@echo ' usb - USB testing tools'
@echo ' virtio - vhost test module'
+ @echo ' net - misc networking tools'
@echo ' vm - misc vm tools'
@echo ' x86_energy_perf_policy - Intel energy policy tool'
@echo ''
@@ -34,7 +35,7 @@ help:
cpupower: FORCE
$(call descend,power/$@)
-cgroup firewire lguest perf usb virtio vm: FORCE
+cgroup firewire lguest perf usb virtio vm net: FORCE
$(call descend,$@)
selftests: FORCE
@@ -46,7 +47,7 @@ turbostat x86_energy_perf_policy: FORCE
cpupower_install:
$(call descend,power/$(@:_install=),install)
-cgroup_install firewire_install lguest_install perf_install usb_install virtio_install vm_install:
+cgroup_install firewire_install lguest_install perf_install usb_install virtio_install vm_install net_install:
$(call descend,$(@:_install=),install)
selftests_install:
@@ -57,12 +58,12 @@ turbostat_install x86_energy_perf_policy_install:
install: cgroup_install cpupower_install firewire_install lguest_install \
perf_install selftests_install turbostat_install usb_install \
- virtio_install vm_install x86_energy_perf_policy_install
+ virtio_install vm_install net_install x86_energy_perf_policy_install
cpupower_clean:
$(call descend,power/cpupower,clean)
-cgroup_clean firewire_clean lguest_clean perf_clean usb_clean virtio_clean vm_clean:
+cgroup_clean firewire_clean lguest_clean perf_clean usb_clean virtio_clean vm_clean net_clean:
$(call descend,$(@:_clean=),clean)
selftests_clean:
@@ -73,6 +74,6 @@ turbostat_clean x86_energy_perf_policy_clean:
clean: cgroup_clean cpupower_clean firewire_clean lguest_clean perf_clean \
selftests_clean turbostat_clean usb_clean virtio_clean \
- vm_clean x86_energy_perf_policy_clean
+ vm_clean net_clean x86_energy_perf_policy_clean
.PHONY: FORCE
diff --git a/tools/net/Makefile b/tools/net/Makefile
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..b4444d53b73f
--- /dev/null
+++ b/tools/net/Makefile
@@ -0,0 +1,15 @@
+prefix = /usr
+
+CC = gcc
+
+all : bpf_jit_disasm
+
+bpf_jit_disasm : CFLAGS = -Wall -O2
+bpf_jit_disasm : LDLIBS = -lopcodes -lbfd -ldl
+bpf_jit_disasm : bpf_jit_disasm.o
+
+clean :
+ rm -rf *.o bpf_jit_disasm
+
+install :
+ install bpf_jit_disasm $(prefix)/bin/bpf_jit_disasm
diff --git a/tools/net/bpf_jit_disasm.c b/tools/net/bpf_jit_disasm.c
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..cfe0cdcda3de
--- /dev/null
+++ b/tools/net/bpf_jit_disasm.c
@@ -0,0 +1,199 @@
+/*
+ * Minimal BPF JIT image disassembler
+ *
+ * Disassembles BPF JIT compiler emitted opcodes back to asm insn's for
+ * debugging or verification purposes.
+ *
+ * To get the disassembly of the JIT code, do the following:
+ *
+ * 1) `echo 2 > /proc/sys/net/core/bpf_jit_enable`
+ * 2) Load a BPF filter (e.g. `tcpdump -p -n -s 0 -i eth1 host 192.168.20.0/24`)
+ * 3) Run e.g. `bpf_jit_disasm -o` to read out the last JIT code
+ *
+ * Copyright 2013 Daniel Borkmann <borkmann@redhat.com>
+ * Licensed under the GNU General Public License, version 2.0 (GPLv2)
+ */
+
+#include <stdint.h>
+#include <stdio.h>
+#include <stdlib.h>
+#include <assert.h>
+#include <unistd.h>
+#include <string.h>
+#include <bfd.h>
+#include <dis-asm.h>
+#include <sys/klog.h>
+#include <sys/types.h>
+#include <regex.h>
+
+static void get_exec_path(char *tpath, size_t size)
+{
+ char *path;
+ ssize_t len;
+
+ snprintf(tpath, size, "/proc/%d/exe", (int) getpid());
+ tpath[size - 1] = 0;
+
+ path = strdup(tpath);
+ assert(path);
+
+ len = readlink(path, tpath, size);
+ tpath[len] = 0;
+
+ free(path);
+}
+
+static void get_asm_insns(uint8_t *image, size_t len, unsigned long base,
+ int opcodes)
+{
+ int count, i, pc = 0;
+ char tpath[256];
+ struct disassemble_info info;
+ disassembler_ftype disassemble;
+ bfd *bfdf;
+
+ memset(tpath, 0, sizeof(tpath));
+ get_exec_path(tpath, sizeof(tpath));
+
+ bfdf = bfd_openr(tpath, NULL);
+ assert(bfdf);
+ assert(bfd_check_format(bfdf, bfd_object));
+
+ init_disassemble_info(&info, stdout, (fprintf_ftype) fprintf);
+ info.arch = bfd_get_arch(bfdf);
+ info.mach = bfd_get_mach(bfdf);
+ info.buffer = image;
+ info.buffer_length = len;
+
+ disassemble_init_for_target(&info);
+
+ disassemble = disassembler(bfdf);
+ assert(disassemble);
+
+ do {
+ printf("%4x:\t", pc);
+
+ count = disassemble(pc, &info);
+
+ if (opcodes) {
+ printf("\n\t");
+ for (i = 0; i < count; ++i)
+ printf("%02x ", (uint8_t) image[pc + i]);
+ }
+ printf("\n");
+
+ pc += count;
+ } while(count > 0 && pc < len);
+
+ bfd_close(bfdf);
+}
+
+static char *get_klog_buff(int *klen)
+{
+ int ret, len = klogctl(10, NULL, 0);
+ char *buff = malloc(len);
+
+ assert(buff && klen);
+ ret = klogctl(3, buff, len);
+ assert(ret >= 0);
+ *klen = ret;
+
+ return buff;
+}
+
+static void put_klog_buff(char *buff)
+{
+ free(buff);
+}
+
+static int get_last_jit_image(char *haystack, size_t hlen,
+ uint8_t *image, size_t ilen,
+ unsigned long *base)
+{
+ char *ptr, *pptr, *tmp;
+ off_t off = 0;
+ int ret, flen, proglen, pass, ulen = 0;
+ regmatch_t pmatch[1];
+ regex_t regex;
+
+ if (hlen == 0)
+ return 0;
+
+ ret = regcomp(&regex, "flen=[[:alnum:]]+ proglen=[[:digit:]]+ "
+ "pass=[[:digit:]]+ image=[[:xdigit:]]+", REG_EXTENDED);
+ assert(ret == 0);
+
+ ptr = haystack;
+ while (1) {
+ ret = regexec(&regex, ptr, 1, pmatch, 0);
+ if (ret == 0) {
+ ptr += pmatch[0].rm_eo;
+ off += pmatch[0].rm_eo;
+ assert(off < hlen);
+ } else
+ break;
+ }
+
+ ptr = haystack + off - (pmatch[0].rm_eo - pmatch[0].rm_so);
+ ret = sscanf(ptr, "flen=%d proglen=%d pass=%d image=%lx",
+ &flen, &proglen, &pass, base);
+ if (ret != 4)
+ return 0;
+
+ tmp = ptr = haystack + off;
+ while ((ptr = strtok(tmp, "\n")) != NULL && ulen < ilen) {
+ tmp = NULL;
+ if (!strstr(ptr, "JIT code"))
+ continue;
+ pptr = ptr;
+ while ((ptr = strstr(pptr, ":")))
+ pptr = ptr + 1;
+ ptr = pptr;
+ do {
+ image[ulen++] = (uint8_t) strtoul(pptr, &pptr, 16);
+ if (ptr == pptr || ulen >= ilen) {
+ ulen--;
+ break;
+ }
+ ptr = pptr;
+ } while (1);
+ }
+
+ assert(ulen == proglen);
+ printf("%d bytes emitted from JIT compiler (pass:%d, flen:%d)\n",
+ proglen, pass, flen);
+ printf("%lx + <x>:\n", *base);
+
+ regfree(&regex);
+ return ulen;
+}
+
+int main(int argc, char **argv)
+{
+ int len, klen, opcodes = 0;
+ char *kbuff;
+ unsigned long base;
+ uint8_t image[4096];
+
+ if (argc > 1) {
+ if (!strncmp("-o", argv[argc - 1], 2)) {
+ opcodes = 1;
+ } else {
+ printf("usage: bpf_jit_disasm [-o: show opcodes]\n");
+ exit(0);
+ }
+ }
+
+ bfd_init();
+ memset(image, 0, sizeof(image));
+
+ kbuff = get_klog_buff(&klen);
+
+ len = get_last_jit_image(kbuff, klen, image, sizeof(image), &base);
+ if (len > 0 && base > 0)
+ get_asm_insns(image, len, base, opcodes);
+
+ put_klog_buff(kbuff);
+
+ return 0;
+}

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