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authorLinus Torvalds <torvalds@ppc970.osdl.org>2005-04-16 15:20:36 -0700
committerLinus Torvalds <torvalds@ppc970.osdl.org>2005-04-16 15:20:36 -0700
commit1da177e4c3f41524e886b7f1b8a0c1fc7321cac2 (patch)
tree0bba044c4ce775e45a88a51686b5d9f90697ea9d /Documentation/cris
Linux-2.6.12-rc2
Initial git repository build. I'm not bothering with the full history, even though we have it. We can create a separate "historical" git archive of that later if we want to, and in the meantime it's about 3.2GB when imported into git - space that would just make the early git days unnecessarily complicated, when we don't have a lot of good infrastructure for it. Let it rip!
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+Linux 2.4 on the CRIS architecture
+==================================
+$Id: README,v 1.7 2001/04/19 12:38:32 bjornw Exp $
+
+This is a port of Linux 2.4 to Axis Communications ETRAX 100LX embedded
+network CPU. For more information about CRIS and ETRAX please see further
+below.
+
+In order to compile this you need a version of gcc with support for the
+ETRAX chip family. Please see this link for more information on how to
+download the compiler and other tools useful when building and booting
+software for the ETRAX platform:
+
+http://developer.axis.com/doc/software/devboard_lx/install-howto.html
+
+<more specific information should come in this document later>
+
+What is CRIS ?
+--------------
+
+CRIS is an acronym for 'Code Reduced Instruction Set'. It is the CPU
+architecture in Axis Communication AB's range of embedded network CPU's,
+called ETRAX. The latest CPU is called ETRAX 100LX, where LX stands for
+'Linux' because the chip was designed to be a good host for the Linux
+operating system.
+
+The ETRAX 100LX chip
+--------------------
+
+For reference, plase see the press-release:
+
+http://www.axis.com/news/us/001101_etrax.htm
+
+The ETRAX 100LX is a 100 MIPS processor with 8kB cache, MMU, and a very broad
+range of built-in interfaces, all with modern scatter/gather DMA.
+
+Memory interfaces:
+
+ * SRAM
+ * NOR-flash/ROM
+ * EDO or page-mode DRAM
+ * SDRAM
+
+I/O interfaces:
+
+ * one 10/100 Mbit/s ethernet controller
+ * four serial-ports (up to 6 Mbit/s)
+ * two synchronous serial-ports for multimedia codec's etc.
+ * USB host controller and USB slave
+ * ATA
+ * SCSI
+ * two parallel-ports
+ * two generic 8-bit ports
+
+ (not all interfaces are available at the same time due to chip pin
+ multiplexing)
+
+The previous version of the ETRAX, the ETRAX 100, sits in almost all of
+Axis shipping thin-servers like the Axis 2100 web camera or the ETRAX 100
+developer-board. It lacks an MMU so the Linux we run on that is a version
+of uClinux (Linux 2.0 without MM-support) ported to the CRIS architecture.
+The new Linux 2.4 port has full MM and needs a CPU with an MMU, so it will
+not run on the ETRAX 100.
+
+A version of the Axis developer-board with ETRAX 100LX (running Linux
+2.4) is now available. For more information please see developer.axis.com.
+
+
+Bootlog
+-------
+
+Just as an example, this is the debug-output from a boot of Linux 2.4 on
+a board with ETRAX 100LX. The displayed BogoMIPS value is 5 times too small :)
+At the end you see some user-mode programs booting like telnet and ftp daemons.
+
+Linux version 2.4.1 (bjornw@godzilla.axis.se) (gcc version 2.96 20000427 (experimental)) #207 Wed Feb 21 15:48:15 CET 2001
+ROM fs in RAM, size 1376256 bytes
+Setting up paging and the MMU.
+On node 0 totalpages: 2048
+zone(0): 2048 pages.
+zone(1): 0 pages.
+zone(2): 0 pages.
+Linux/CRIS port on ETRAX 100LX (c) 2001 Axis Communications AB
+Kernel command line:
+Calibrating delay loop... 19.91 BogoMIPS
+Memory: 13872k/16384k available (587k kernel code, 2512k reserved, 44k data, 24k init)
+kmem_create: Forcing size word alignment - vm_area_struct
+kmem_create: Forcing size word alignment - filp
+Dentry-cache hash table entries: 2048 (order: 1, 16384 bytes)
+Buffer-cache hash table entries: 2048 (order: 0, 8192 bytes)
+Page-cache hash table entries: 2048 (order: 0, 8192 bytes)
+kmem_create: Forcing size word alignment - kiobuf
+kmem_create: Forcing size word alignment - bdev_cache
+Inode-cache hash table entries: 1024 (order: 0, 8192 bytes)
+kmem_create: Forcing size word alignment - inode_cache
+POSIX conformance testing by UNIFIX
+Linux NET4.0 for Linux 2.4
+Based upon Swansea University Computer Society NET3.039
+Starting kswapd v1.8
+kmem_create: Forcing size word alignment - file lock cache
+kmem_create: Forcing size word alignment - blkdev_requests
+block: queued sectors max/low 9109kB/3036kB, 64 slots per queue
+ETRAX 100LX 10/100MBit ethernet v2.0 (c) 2000 Axis Communications AB
+eth0 initialized
+eth0: changed MAC to 00:40:8C:CD:00:00
+ETRAX 100LX serial-driver $Revision: 1.7 $, (c) 2000 Axis Communications AB
+ttyS0 at 0xb0000060 is a builtin UART with DMA
+ttyS1 at 0xb0000068 is a builtin UART with DMA
+ttyS2 at 0xb0000070 is a builtin UART with DMA
+ttyS3 at 0xb0000078 is a builtin UART with DMA
+Axis flash mapping: 200000 at 50000000
+Axis flash: Found 1 x16 CFI device at 0x0 in 16 bit mode
+ Amd/Fujitsu Extended Query Table v1.0 at 0x0040
+Axis flash: JEDEC Device ID is 0xC4. Assuming broken CFI table.
+Axis flash: Swapping erase regions for broken CFI table.
+number of CFI chips: 1
+ Using default partition table
+I2C driver v2.2, (c) 1999-2001 Axis Communications AB
+ETRAX 100LX GPIO driver v2.1, (c) 2001 Axis Communications AB
+NET4: Linux TCP/IP 1.0 for NET4.0
+IP Protocols: ICMP, UDP, TCP
+kmem_create: Forcing size word alignment - ip_dst_cache
+IP: routing cache hash table of 1024 buckets, 8Kbytes
+TCP: Hash tables configured (established 2048 bind 2048)
+NET4: Unix domain sockets 1.0/SMP for Linux NET4.0.
+VFS: Mounted root (cramfs filesystem) readonly.
+Init starts up...
+Mounted none on /proc ok.
+Setting up eth0 with ip 10.13.9.116 and mac 00:40:8c:18:04:60
+eth0: changed MAC to 00:40:8C:18:04:60
+Setting up lo with ip 127.0.0.1
+Default gateway is 10.13.9.1
+Hostname is bbox1
+Telnetd starting, using port 23.
+ using /bin/sash as shell.
+sftpd[15]: sftpd $Revision: 1.7 $ starting up
+
+
+
+And here is how some /proc entries look:
+
+17# cd /proc
+17# cat cpuinfo
+cpu : CRIS
+cpu revision : 10
+cpu model : ETRAX 100LX
+cache size : 8 kB
+fpu : no
+mmu : yes
+ethernet : 10/100 Mbps
+token ring : no
+scsi : yes
+ata : yes
+usb : yes
+bogomips : 99.84
+
+17# cat meminfo
+ total: used: free: shared: buffers: cached:
+Mem: 7028736 925696 6103040 114688 0 229376
+Swap: 0 0 0
+MemTotal: 6864 kB
+MemFree: 5960 kB
+MemShared: 112 kB
+Buffers: 0 kB
+Cached: 224 kB
+Active: 224 kB
+Inact_dirty: 0 kB
+Inact_clean: 0 kB
+Inact_target: 0 kB
+HighTotal: 0 kB
+HighFree: 0 kB
+LowTotal: 6864 kB
+LowFree: 5960 kB
+SwapTotal: 0 kB
+SwapFree: 0 kB
+17# ls -l /bin
+-rwxr-xr-x 1 342 100 10356 Jan 01 00:00 ifconfig
+-rwxr-xr-x 1 342 100 17548 Jan 01 00:00 init
+-rwxr-xr-x 1 342 100 9488 Jan 01 00:00 route
+-rwxr-xr-x 1 342 100 46036 Jan 01 00:00 sftpd
+-rwxr-xr-x 1 342 100 48104 Jan 01 00:00 sh
+-rwxr-xr-x 1 342 100 16252 Jan 01 00:00 telnetd
+
+
+(All programs are statically linked to the libc at this point - we have not ported the
+ shared libraries yet)
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+

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