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authorEzequiel Garcia <ezequiel.garcia@free-electrons.com>2013-07-26 13:18:06 (GMT)
committerJason Cooper <jason@lakedaemon.net>2013-08-06 14:12:37 (GMT)
commit0b1252784b3c55ed18ce0254feaf8003fad462e2 (patch)
tree9128cbe2fc69d868df8d81fbac118f8d9301d85c /Documentation/devicetree/bindings/bus
parent54397d85349f5b5c5f11f5eef431f9e86a338d16 (diff)
bus: mvebu-mbus: Add devicetree binding
Introduce the devicetree binding for the mvebu MBus driver avaiable in the mvebu SoCs (Armada 370/XP, Kirkwood, Dove, ...). This binding provides an accurate model of the SoC address space, and allows to declare the address and size of the decoding windows the MBus needs to access the peripherals, together with the target ID and attribute for those windows. The binding is composed of two required nodes: one for the MBus bus and one for the MBus controller. Cc: devicetree@vger.kernel.org Signed-off-by: Ezequiel Garcia <ezequiel.garcia@free-electrons.com> Tested-by: Andrew Lunn <andrew@lunn.ch> Tested-by: Sebastian Hesselbarth <sebastian.hesselbarth@gmail.com> Acked-by: Rob Herring <rob.herring@calxeda.com> Signed-off-by: Jason Cooper <jason@lakedaemon.net>
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+
+* Marvell MBus
+
+Required properties:
+
+- compatible: Should be set to one of the following:
+ marvell,armada370-mbus
+ marvell,armadaxp-mbus
+ marvell,armada370-mbus
+ marvell,armadaxp-mbus
+ marvell,kirkwood-mbus
+ marvell,dove-mbus
+ marvell,orion5x-88f5281-mbus
+ marvell,orion5x-88f5182-mbus
+ marvell,orion5x-88f5181-mbus
+ marvell,orion5x-88f6183-mbus
+ marvell,mv78xx0-mbus
+
+- address-cells: Must be '2'. The first cell for the MBus ID encoding,
+ the second cell for the address offset within the window.
+
+- size-cells: Must be '1'.
+
+- ranges: Must be set up to provide a proper translation for each child.
+ See the examples below.
+
+- controller: Contains a single phandle referring to the MBus controller
+ node. This allows to specify the node that contains the
+ registers that control the MBus, which is typically contained
+ within the internal register window (see below).
+
+Optional properties:
+
+- pcie-mem-aperture: This optional property contains the aperture for
+ the memory region of the PCIe driver.
+ If it's defined, it must encode the base address and
+ size for the address decoding windows allocated for
+ the PCIe memory region.
+
+- pcie-io-aperture: Just as explained for the above property, this
+ optional property contains the aperture for the
+ I/O region of the PCIe driver.
+
+* Marvell MBus controller
+
+Required properties:
+
+- compatible: Should be set to "marvell,mbus-controller".
+
+- reg: Device's register space.
+ Two entries are expected (see the examples below):
+ the first one controls the devices decoding window and
+ the second one controls the SDRAM decoding window.
+
+Example:
+
+ soc {
+ compatible = "marvell,armada370-mbus", "simple-bus";
+ #address-cells = <2>;
+ #size-cells = <1>;
+ controller = <&mbusc>;
+ pcie-mem-aperture = <0xe0000000 0x8000000>;
+ pcie-io-aperture = <0xe8000000 0x100000>;
+
+ internal-regs {
+ compatible = "simple-bus";
+
+ mbusc: mbus-controller@20000 {
+ compatible = "marvell,mbus-controller";
+ reg = <0x20000 0x100>, <0x20180 0x20>;
+ };
+
+ /* more children ...*/
+ };
+ };
+
+** MBus address decoding window specification
+
+The MBus children address space is comprised of two cells: the first one for
+the window ID and the second one for the offset within the window.
+In order to allow to describe valid and non-valid window entries, the
+following encoding is used:
+
+ 0xSIAA0000 0x00oooooo
+
+Where:
+
+ S = 0x0 for a MBus valid window
+ S = 0xf for a non-valid window (see below)
+
+If S = 0x0, then:
+
+ I = 4-bit window target ID
+ AA = windpw attribute
+
+If S = 0xf, then:
+
+ I = don't care
+ AA = 1 for internal register
+
+Following the above encoding, for each ranges entry for a MBus valid window
+(S = 0x0), an address decoding window is allocated. On the other side,
+entries for translation that do not correspond to valid windows (S = 0xf)
+are skipped.
+
+ soc {
+ compatible = "marvell,armada370-mbus", "simple-bus";
+ #address-cells = <2>;
+ #size-cells = <1>;
+ controller = <&mbusc>;
+
+ ranges = <0xf0010000 0 0 0xd0000000 0x100000
+ 0x01e00000 0 0 0xfff00000 0x100000>;
+
+ bootrom {
+ compatible = "marvell,bootrom";
+ reg = <0x01e00000 0 0x100000>;
+ };
+
+ /* other children */
+ ...
+
+ internal-regs {
+ compatible = "simple-bus";
+ ranges = <0 0xf0010000 0 0x100000>;
+
+ mbusc: mbus-controller@20000 {
+ compatible = "marvell,mbus-controller";
+ reg = <0x20000 0x100>, <0x20180 0x20>;
+ };
+
+ /* more children ...*/
+ };
+ };
+
+In the shown example, the translation entry in the 'ranges' property is what
+makes the MBus driver create a static decoding window for the corresponding
+given child device. Note that the binding does not require child nodes to be
+present. Of course, child nodes are needed to probe the devices.
+
+Since each window is identified by its target ID and attribute ID there's
+a special macro that can be use to simplify the translation entries:
+
+#define MBUS_ID(target,attributes) (((target) << 24) | ((attributes) << 16))
+
+Using this macro, the above example would be:
+
+ soc {
+ compatible = "marvell,armada370-mbus", "simple-bus";
+ #address-cells = <2>;
+ #size-cells = <1>;
+ controller = <&mbusc>;
+
+ ranges = < MBUS_ID(0xf0, 0x01) 0 0 0xd0000000 0x100000
+ MBUS_ID(0x01, 0xe0) 0 0 0xfff00000 0x100000>;
+
+ bootrom {
+ compatible = "marvell,bootrom";
+ reg = <MBUS_ID(0x01, 0xe0) 0 0x100000>;
+ };
+
+ /* other children */
+ ...
+
+ internal-regs {
+ compatible = "simple-bus";
+ #address-cells = <1>;
+ #size-cells = <1>;
+ ranges = <0 MBUS_ID(0xf0, 0x01) 0 0x100000>;
+
+ mbusc: mbus-controller@20000 {
+ compatible = "marvell,mbus-controller";
+ reg = <0x20000 0x100>, <0x20180 0x20>;
+ };
+
+ /* other children */
+ ...
+ };
+ };
+
+
+** About the window base address
+
+Remember the MBus controller allows a great deal of flexibility for choosing
+the decoding window base address. When planning the device tree layout it's
+possible to choose any address as the base address, provided of course there's
+a region large enough available, and with the required alignment.
+
+Yet in other words: there's nothing preventing us from setting a base address
+of 0xf0000000, or 0xd0000000 for the NOR device shown above, if such region is
+unused.
+
+** Window allocation policy
+
+The mbus-node ranges property defines a set of mbus windows that are expected
+to be set by the operating system and that are guaranteed to be free of overlaps
+with one another or with the system memory ranges.
+
+Each entry in the property refers to exactly one window. If the operating system
+choses to use a different set of mbus windows, it must ensure that any address
+translations performed from downstream devices are adapted accordingly.
+
+The operating system may insert additional mbus windows that do not conflict
+with the ones listed in the ranges, e.g. for mapping PCIe devices.
+As a special case, the internal register window must be set up by the boot
+loader at the address listed in the ranges property, since access to that region
+is needed to set up the other windows.
+
+** Example
+
+See the example below, where a more complete device tree is shown:
+
+ soc {
+ compatible = "marvell,armadaxp-mbus", "simple-bus";
+ controller = <&mbusc>;
+
+ ranges = <MBUS_ID(0xf0, 0x01) 0 0 0xd0000000 0x100000 /* internal-regs */
+ MBUS_ID(0x01, 0x1d) 0 0 0xfff00000 0x100000
+ MBUS_ID(0x01, 0x2f) 0 0 0xf0000000 0x8000000>;
+
+ bootrom {
+ compatible = "marvell,bootrom";
+ reg = <MBUS_ID(0x01, 0x1d) 0 0x100000>;
+ };
+
+ devbus-bootcs {
+ status = "okay";
+ ranges = <0 MBUS_ID(0x01, 0x2f) 0 0x8000000>;
+
+ /* NOR */
+ nor {
+ compatible = "cfi-flash";
+ reg = <0 0x8000000>;
+ bank-width = <2>;
+ };
+ };
+
+ pcie-controller {
+ compatible = "marvell,armada-xp-pcie";
+ status = "okay";
+ device_type = "pci";
+
+ #address-cells = <3>;
+ #size-cells = <2>;
+
+ ranges =
+ <0x82000000 0 0x40000 MBUS_ID(0xf0, 0x01) 0x40000 0 0x00002000 /* Port 0.0 registers */
+ 0x82000000 0 0x42000 MBUS_ID(0xf0, 0x01) 0x42000 0 0x00002000 /* Port 2.0 registers */
+ 0x82000000 0 0x44000 MBUS_ID(0xf0, 0x01) 0x44000 0 0x00002000 /* Port 0.1 registers */
+ 0x82000000 0 0x48000 MBUS_ID(0xf0, 0x01) 0x48000 0 0x00002000 /* Port 0.2 registers */
+ 0x82000000 0 0x4c000 MBUS_ID(0xf0, 0x01) 0x4c000 0 0x00002000 /* Port 0.3 registers */
+ 0x82000800 0 0xe0000000 MBUS_ID(0x04, 0xe8) 0xe0000000 0 0x08000000 /* Port 0.0 MEM */
+ 0x81000800 0 0 MBUS_ID(0x04, 0xe0) 0xe8000000 0 0x00100000 /* Port 0.0 IO */>;
+
+
+ pcie@1,0 {
+ /* Port 0, Lane 0 */
+ status = "okay";
+ };
+ };
+
+ internal-regs {
+ compatible = "simple-bus";
+ #address-cells = <1>;
+ #size-cells = <1>;
+ ranges = <0 MBUS_ID(0xf0, 0x01) 0 0x100000>;
+
+ mbusc: mbus-controller@20000 {
+ reg = <0x20000 0x100>, <0x20180 0x20>;
+ };
+
+ interrupt-controller@20000 {
+ reg = <0x20a00 0x2d0>, <0x21070 0x58>;
+ };
+ };
+ };

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