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authorTimur Tabi <timur@freescale.com>2008-01-08 10:30:58 -0600
committerKumar Gala <galak@kernel.crashing.org>2008-01-23 19:34:06 -0600
commitbc556ba940085e46e0ab1b5ed7c31428dc86dd03 (patch)
tree68d8aada0531c5d5070c3e7327de606894584971 /Documentation/powerpc/qe_firmware.txt
parenta21e282a124f4679c040087ab73aa5b147d4275f (diff)
[POWERPC] QE: Add ability to upload QE firmware
Define the layout of a binary blob that contains a QE firmware and instructions on how to upload it. Add function qe_upload_firmware() to parse the blob and perform the actual upload. Fully define 'struct rsp' in immap_qe.h to include the actual RISC Special Registers. Added description of a new QE firmware node to booting-without-of.txt. Signed-off-by: Timur Tabi <timur@freescale.com> Signed-off-by: Kumar Gala <galak@kernel.crashing.org>
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+ Freescale QUICC Engine Firmware Uploading
+ -----------------------------------------
+
+(c) 2007 Timur Tabi <timur at freescale.com>,
+ Freescale Semiconductor
+
+Table of Contents
+=================
+
+ I - Software License for Firmware
+
+ II - Microcode Availability
+
+ III - Description and Terminology
+
+ IV - Microcode Programming Details
+
+ V - Firmware Structure Layout
+
+ VI - Sample Code for Creating Firmware Files
+
+Revision Information
+====================
+
+November 30, 2007: Rev 1.0 - Initial version
+
+I - Software License for Firmware
+=================================
+
+Each firmware file comes with its own software license. For information on
+the particular license, please see the license text that is distributed with
+the firmware.
+
+II - Microcode Availability
+===========================
+
+Firmware files are distributed through various channels. Some are available on
+http://opensource.freescale.com. For other firmware files, please contact
+your Freescale representative or your operating system vendor.
+
+III - Description and Terminology
+================================
+
+In this document, the term 'microcode' refers to the sequence of 32-bit
+integers that compose the actual QE microcode.
+
+The term 'firmware' refers to a binary blob that contains the microcode as
+well as other data that
+
+ 1) describes the microcode's purpose
+ 2) describes how and where to upload the microcode
+ 3) specifies the values of various registers
+ 4) includes additional data for use by specific device drivers
+
+Firmware files are binary files that contain only a firmware.
+
+IV - Microcode Programming Details
+===================================
+
+The QE architecture allows for only one microcode present in I-RAM for each
+RISC processor. To replace any current microcode, a full QE reset (which
+disables the microcode) must be performed first.
+
+QE microcode is uploaded using the following procedure:
+
+1) The microcode is placed into I-RAM at a specific location, using the
+ IRAM.IADD and IRAM.IDATA registers.
+
+2) The CERCR.CIR bit is set to 0 or 1, depending on whether the firmware
+ needs split I-RAM. Split I-RAM is only meaningful for SOCs that have
+ QEs with multiple RISC processors, such as the 8360. Splitting the I-RAM
+ allows each processor to run a different microcode, effectively creating an
+ asymmetric multiprocessing (AMP) system.
+
+3) The TIBCR trap registers are loaded with the addresses of the trap handlers
+ in the microcode.
+
+4) The RSP.ECCR register is programmed with the value provided.
+
+5) If necessary, device drivers that need the virtual traps and extended mode
+ data will use them.
+
+Virtual Microcode Traps
+
+These virtual traps are conditional branches in the microcode. These are
+"soft" provisional introduced in the ROMcode in order to enable higher
+flexibility and save h/w traps If new features are activated or an issue is
+being fixed in the RAM package utilizing they should be activated. This data
+structure signals the microcode which of these virtual traps is active.
+
+This structure contains 6 words that the application should copy to some
+specific been defined. This table describes the structure.
+
+ ---------------------------------------------------------------
+ | Offset in | | Destination Offset | Size of |
+ | array | Protocol | within PRAM | Operand |
+ --------------------------------------------------------------|
+ | 0 | Ethernet | 0xF8 | 4 bytes |
+ | | interworking | | |
+ ---------------------------------------------------------------
+ | 4 | ATM | 0xF8 | 4 bytes |
+ | | interworking | | |
+ ---------------------------------------------------------------
+ | 8 | PPP | 0xF8 | 4 bytes |
+ | | interworking | | |
+ ---------------------------------------------------------------
+ | 12 | Ethernet RX | 0x22 | 1 byte |
+ | | Distributor Page | | |
+ ---------------------------------------------------------------
+ | 16 | ATM Globtal | 0x28 | 1 byte |
+ | | Params Table | | |
+ ---------------------------------------------------------------
+ | 20 | Insert Frame | 0xF8 | 4 bytes |
+ ---------------------------------------------------------------
+
+
+Extended Modes
+
+This is a double word bit array (64 bits) that defines special functionality
+which has an impact on the softwarew drivers. Each bit has its own impact
+and has special instructions for the s/w associated with it. This structure is
+described in this table:
+
+ -----------------------------------------------------------------------
+ | Bit # | Name | Description |
+ -----------------------------------------------------------------------
+ | 0 | General | Indicates that prior to each host command |
+ | | push command | given by the application, the software must |
+ | | | assert a special host command (push command)|
+ | | | CECDR = 0x00800000. |
+ | | | CECR = 0x01c1000f. |
+ -----------------------------------------------------------------------
+ | 1 | UCC ATM | Indicates that after issuing ATM RX INIT |
+ | | RX INIT | command, the host must issue another special|
+ | | push command | command (push command) and immediately |
+ | | | following that re-issue the ATM RX INIT |
+ | | | command. (This makes the sequence of |
+ | | | initializing the ATM receiver a sequence of |
+ | | | three host commands) |
+ | | | CECDR = 0x00800000. |
+ | | | CECR = 0x01c1000f. |
+ -----------------------------------------------------------------------
+ | 2 | Add/remove | Indicates that following the specific host |
+ | | command | command: "Add/Remove entry in Hash Lookup |
+ | | validation | Table" used in Interworking setup, the user |
+ | | | must issue another command. |
+ | | | CECDR = 0xce000003. |
+ | | | CECR = 0x01c10f58. |
+ -----------------------------------------------------------------------
+ | 3 | General push | Indicates that the s/w has to initialize |
+ | | command | some pointers in the Ethernet thread pages |
+ | | | which are used when Header Compression is |
+ | | | activated. The full details of these |
+ | | | pointers is located in the software drivers.|
+ -----------------------------------------------------------------------
+ | 4 | General push | Indicates that after issuing Ethernet TX |
+ | | command | INIT command, user must issue this command |
+ | | | for each SNUM of Ethernet TX thread. |
+ | | | CECDR = 0x00800003. |
+ | | | CECR = 0x7'b{0}, 8'b{Enet TX thread SNUM}, |
+ | | | 1'b{1}, 12'b{0}, 4'b{1} |
+ -----------------------------------------------------------------------
+ | 5 - 31 | N/A | Reserved, set to zero. |
+ -----------------------------------------------------------------------
+
+V - Firmware Structure Layout
+==============================
+
+QE microcode from Freescale is typically provided as a header file. This
+header file contains macros that define the microcode binary itself as well as
+some other data used in uploading that microcode. The format of these files
+do not lend themselves to simple inclusion into other code. Hence,
+the need for a more portable format. This section defines that format.
+
+Instead of distributing a header file, the microcode and related data are
+embedded into a binary blob. This blob is passed to the qe_upload_firmware()
+function, which parses the blob and performs everything necessary to upload
+the microcode.
+
+All integers are big-endian. See the comments for function
+qe_upload_firmware() for up-to-date implementation information.
+
+This structure supports versioning, where the version of the structure is
+embedded into the structure itself. To ensure forward and backwards
+compatibility, all versions of the structure must use the same 'qe_header'
+structure at the beginning.
+
+'header' (type: struct qe_header):
+ The 'length' field is the size, in bytes, of the entire structure,
+ including all the microcode embedded in it, as well as the CRC (if
+ present).
+
+ The 'magic' field is an array of three bytes that contains the letters
+ 'Q', 'E', and 'F'. This is an identifier that indicates that this
+ structure is a QE Firmware structure.
+
+ The 'version' field is a single byte that indicates the version of this
+ structure. If the layout of the structure should ever need to be
+ changed to add support for additional types of microcode, then the
+ version number should also be changed.
+
+The 'id' field is a null-terminated string(suitable for printing) that
+identifies the firmware.
+
+The 'count' field indicates the number of 'microcode' structures. There
+must be one and only one 'microcode' structure for each RISC processor.
+Therefore, this field also represents the number of RISC processors for this
+SOC.
+
+The 'soc' structure contains the SOC numbers and revisions used to match
+the microcode to the SOC itself. Normally, the microcode loader should
+check the data in this structure with the SOC number and revisions, and
+only upload the microcode if there's a match. However, this check is not
+made on all platforms.
+
+Although it is not recommended, you can specify '0' in the soc.model
+field to skip matching SOCs altogether.
+
+The 'model' field is a 16-bit number that matches the actual SOC. The
+'major' and 'minor' fields are the major and minor revision numbrs,
+respectively, of the SOC.
+
+For example, to match the 8323, revision 1.0:
+ soc.model = 8323
+ soc.major = 1
+ soc.minor = 0
+
+'padding' is neccessary for structure alignment. This field ensures that the
+'extended_modes' field is aligned on a 64-bit boundary.
+
+'extended_modes' is a bitfield that defines special functionality which has an
+impact on the device drivers. Each bit has its own impact and has special
+instructions for the driver associated with it. This field is stored in
+the QE library and available to any driver that calles qe_get_firmware_info().
+
+'vtraps' is an array of 8 words that contain virtual trap values for each
+virtual traps. As with 'extended_modes', this field is stored in the QE
+library and available to any driver that calles qe_get_firmware_info().
+
+'microcode' (type: struct qe_microcode):
+ For each RISC processor there is one 'microcode' structure. The first
+ 'microcode' structure is for the first RISC, and so on.
+
+ The 'id' field is a null-terminated string suitable for printing that
+ identifies this particular microcode.
+
+ 'traps' is an array of 16 words that contain hardware trap values
+ for each of the 16 traps. If trap[i] is 0, then this particular
+ trap is to be ignored (i.e. not written to TIBCR[i]). The entire value
+ is written as-is to the TIBCR[i] register, so be sure to set the EN
+ and T_IBP bits if necessary.
+
+ 'eccr' is the value to program into the ECCR register.
+
+ 'iram_offset' is the offset into IRAM to start writing the
+ microcode.
+
+ 'count' is the number of 32-bit words in the microcode.
+
+ 'code_offset' is the offset, in bytes, from the beginning of this
+ structure where the microcode itself can be found. The first
+ microcode binary should be located immediately after the 'microcode'
+ array.
+
+ 'major', 'minor', and 'revision' are the major, minor, and revision
+ version numbers, respectively, of the microcode. If all values are 0,
+ then these fields are ignored.
+
+ 'reserved' is necessary for structure alignment. Since 'microcode'
+ is an array, the 64-bit 'extended_modes' field needs to be aligned
+ on a 64-bit boundary, and this can only happen if the size of
+ 'microcode' is a multiple of 8 bytes. To ensure that, we add
+ 'reserved'.
+
+After the last microcode is a 32-bit CRC. It can be calculated using
+this algorithm:
+
+u32 crc32(const u8 *p, unsigned int len)
+{
+ unsigned int i;
+ u32 crc = 0;
+
+ while (len--) {
+ crc ^= *p++;
+ for (i = 0; i < 8; i++)
+ crc = (crc >> 1) ^ ((crc & 1) ? 0xedb88320 : 0);
+ }
+ return crc;
+}
+
+VI - Sample Code for Creating Firmware Files
+============================================
+
+A Python program that creates firmware binaries from the header files normally
+distributed by Freescale can be found on http://opensource.freescale.com.

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