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authorPaul Mundt <lethal@linux-sh.org>2006-09-27 16:01:12 +0900
committerPaul Mundt <lethal@linux-sh.org>2006-09-27 16:01:12 +0900
commitf1517494407b1f1ca0063a756cc30d75e96d433c (patch)
treefe7827210e76750687de601e6b0695a4e4e16fa7 /Documentation/sh
parent5283ecb5ccbdb90d49fce6488d3944bba63a591c (diff)
sh: Cleanup and document register bank usage.
Initial register bank cleanup. Make SR.RB configurable, and add some preliminary documentation on register bank usage within the kernel. Signed-off-by: Paul Mundt <lethal@linux-sh.org>
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+ Notes on register bank usage in the kernel
+ ==========================================
+
+Introduction
+------------
+
+The SH-3 and SH-4 CPU families traditionally include a single partial register
+bank (selected by SR.RB, only r0 ... r7 are banked), whereas other families
+may have more full-featured banking or simply no such capabilities at all.
+
+SR.RB banking
+-------------
+
+In the case of this type of banking, banked registers are mapped directly to
+r0 ... r7 if SR.RB is set to the bank we are interested in, otherwise ldc/stc
+can still be used to reference the banked registers (as r0_bank ... r7_bank)
+when in the context of another bank. The developer must keep the SR.RB value
+in mind when writing code that utilizes these banked registers, for obvious
+reasons. Userspace is also not able to poke at the bank1 values, so these can
+be used rather effectively as scratch registers by the kernel.
+
+Presently the kernel uses several of these registers.
+
+ - r0_bank, r1_bank (referenced as k0 and k1, used for scratch
+ registers when doing exception handling).
+ - r2_bank (used to track the EXPEVT/INTEVT code)
+ - Used by do_IRQ() and friends for doing irq mapping based off
+ of the interrupt exception vector jump table offset
+ - r6_bank (global interrupt mask)
+ - The SR.IMASK interrupt handler makes use of this to set the
+ interrupt priority level (used by local_irq_enable())
+ - r7_bank (current)
+

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