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authorvenkatesh.pallipadi@intel.com <venkatesh.pallipadi@intel.com>2008-08-20 16:45:54 -0700
committerIngo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>2008-08-21 13:30:15 +0200
commit59dfc3f8fbabb8681ab4f2fb2df795f9211f40f9 (patch)
tree5e441db85d29b51e977f92f1d70864e134b9a014 /Documentation/x86/pat.txt
parent470fba7ebe60ad9185056b080b331abad24b4df9 (diff)
x86: PAT documentation updates with debug info
Documentation update for PAT. Reflect the latest API details. Also, adds details about ways to get more info in order to debug PAT. Signed-off-by: Venkatesh Pallipadi <venkatesh.pallipadi@intel.com> Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
Diffstat (limited to 'Documentation/x86/pat.txt')
-rw-r--r--Documentation/x86/pat.txt54
1 files changed, 45 insertions, 9 deletions
diff --git a/Documentation/x86/pat.txt b/Documentation/x86/pat.txt
index 17965f927c15..c93ff5f4c0dd 100644
--- a/Documentation/x86/pat.txt
+++ b/Documentation/x86/pat.txt
@@ -14,6 +14,10 @@ PAT allows for different types of memory attributes. The most commonly used
ones that will be supported at this time are Write-back, Uncached,
Write-combined and Uncached Minus.
+
+PAT APIs
+--------
+
There are many different APIs in the kernel that allows setting of memory
attributes at the page level. In order to avoid aliasing, these interfaces
should be used thoughtfully. Below is a table of interfaces available,
@@ -26,38 +30,38 @@ address range to avoid any aliasing.
API | RAM | ACPI,... | Reserved/Holes |
-----------------------|----------|------------|------------------|
| | | |
-ioremap | -- | UC | UC |
+ioremap | -- | UC- | UC- |
| | | |
ioremap_cache | -- | WB | WB |
| | | |
-ioremap_nocache | -- | UC | UC |
+ioremap_nocache | -- | UC- | UC- |
| | | |
ioremap_wc | -- | -- | WC |
| | | |
-set_memory_uc | UC | -- | -- |
+set_memory_uc | UC- | -- | -- |
set_memory_wb | | | |
| | | |
set_memory_wc | WC | -- | -- |
set_memory_wb | | | |
| | | |
-pci sysfs resource | -- | -- | UC |
+pci sysfs resource | -- | -- | UC- |
| | | |
pci sysfs resource_wc | -- | -- | WC |
is IORESOURCE_PREFETCH| | | |
| | | |
-pci proc | -- | -- | UC |
+pci proc | -- | -- | UC- |
!PCIIOC_WRITE_COMBINE | | | |
| | | |
pci proc | -- | -- | WC |
PCIIOC_WRITE_COMBINE | | | |
| | | |
-/dev/mem | -- | UC | UC |
+/dev/mem | -- | WB/WC/UC- | WB/WC/UC- |
read-write | | | |
| | | |
-/dev/mem | -- | UC | UC |
+/dev/mem | -- | UC- | UC- |
mmap SYNC flag | | | |
| | | |
-/dev/mem | -- | WB/WC/UC | WB/WC/UC |
+/dev/mem | -- | WB/WC/UC- | WB/WC/UC- |
mmap !SYNC flag | |(from exist-| (from exist- |
and | | ing alias)| ing alias) |
any alias to this area| | | |
@@ -68,7 +72,7 @@ pci proc | -- | -- | WC |
and | | | |
MTRR says WB | | | |
| | | |
-/dev/mem | -- | -- | UC_MINUS |
+/dev/mem | -- | -- | UC- |
mmap !SYNC flag | | | |
no alias to this area | | | |
and | | | |
@@ -98,3 +102,35 @@ types.
Drivers should use set_memory_[uc|wc] to set access type for RAM ranges.
+
+PAT debugging
+-------------
+
+With CONFIG_DEBUG_FS enabled, PAT memtype list can be examined by
+
+# mount -t debugfs debugfs /sys/kernel/debug
+# cat /sys/kernel/debug/x86/pat_memtype_list
+PAT memtype list:
+uncached-minus @ 0x7fadf000-0x7fae0000
+uncached-minus @ 0x7fb19000-0x7fb1a000
+uncached-minus @ 0x7fb1a000-0x7fb1b000
+uncached-minus @ 0x7fb1b000-0x7fb1c000
+uncached-minus @ 0x7fb1c000-0x7fb1d000
+uncached-minus @ 0x7fb1d000-0x7fb1e000
+uncached-minus @ 0x7fb1e000-0x7fb25000
+uncached-minus @ 0x7fb25000-0x7fb26000
+uncached-minus @ 0x7fb26000-0x7fb27000
+uncached-minus @ 0x7fb27000-0x7fb28000
+uncached-minus @ 0x7fb28000-0x7fb2e000
+uncached-minus @ 0x7fb2e000-0x7fb2f000
+uncached-minus @ 0x7fb2f000-0x7fb30000
+uncached-minus @ 0x7fb31000-0x7fb32000
+uncached-minus @ 0x80000000-0x90000000
+
+This list shows physical address ranges and various PAT settings used to
+access those physical address ranges.
+
+Another, more verbose way of getting PAT related debug messages is with
+"debugpat" boot parameter. With this parameter, various debug messages are
+printed to dmesg log.
+

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