path: root/Documentation
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authorTejun Heo <tj@kernel.org>2012-11-09 09:12:30 -0800
committerTejun Heo <tj@kernel.org>2012-11-09 10:52:30 -0800
commitef9fe980c6fcc1821ab955b74b242d2d6585fa75 (patch)
tree65257977c49732853d36c286ba824fb12f801c53 /Documentation
parent5300a9b3482b6d9c32de6d5f4eaeab0fbafa70a8 (diff)
cgroup_freezer: implement proper hierarchy support
Up until now, cgroup_freezer didn't implement hierarchy properly. cgroups could be arranged in hierarchy but it didn't make any difference in how each cgroup_freezer behaved. They all operated separately. This patch implements proper hierarchy support. If a cgroup is frozen, all its descendants are frozen. A cgroup is thawed iff it and all its ancestors are THAWED. freezer.self_freezing shows the current freezing state for the cgroup itself. freezer.parent_freezing shows whether the cgroup is freezing because any of its ancestors is freezing. freezer_post_create() locks the parent and new cgroup and inherits the parent's state and freezer_change_state() applies new state top-down using cgroup_for_each_descendant_pre() which guarantees that no child can escape its parent's state. update_if_frozen() uses cgroup_for_each_descendant_post() to propagate frozen states bottom-up. Synchronization could be coarser and easier by using a single mutex to protect all hierarchy operations. Finer grained approach was used because it wasn't too difficult for cgroup_freezer and I think it's beneficial to have an example implementation and cgroup_freezer is rather simple and can serve a good one. As this makes cgroup_freezer properly hierarchical, freezer_subsys.broken_hierarchy marking is removed. Note that this patch changes userland visible behavior - freezing a cgroup now freezes all its descendants too. This behavior change is intended and has been warned via .broken_hierarchy. v2: Michal spotted a bug in freezer_change_state() - descendants were inheriting from the wrong ancestor. Fixed. v3: Documentation/cgroups/freezer-subsystem.txt updated. Signed-off-by: Tejun Heo <tj@kernel.org> Reviewed-by: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.cz>
Diffstat (limited to 'Documentation')
1 files changed, 42 insertions, 21 deletions
diff --git a/Documentation/cgroups/freezer-subsystem.txt b/Documentation/cgroups/freezer-subsystem.txt
index 7e62de1e59ff..c96a72cbb30a 100644
--- a/Documentation/cgroups/freezer-subsystem.txt
+++ b/Documentation/cgroups/freezer-subsystem.txt
@@ -49,13 +49,49 @@ prevent the freeze/unfreeze cycle from becoming visible to the tasks
being frozen. This allows the bash example above and gdb to run as
-The freezer subsystem in the container filesystem defines a file named
-freezer.state. Writing "FROZEN" to the state file will freeze all tasks in the
-cgroup. Subsequently writing "THAWED" will unfreeze the tasks in the cgroup.
-Reading will return the current state.
+The cgroup freezer is hierarchical. Freezing a cgroup freezes all
+tasks beloning to the cgroup and all its descendant cgroups. Each
+cgroup has its own state (self-state) and the state inherited from the
+parent (parent-state). Iff both states are THAWED, the cgroup is
-Note freezer.state doesn't exist in root cgroup, which means root cgroup
-is non-freezable.
+The following cgroupfs files are created by cgroup freezer.
+* freezer.state: Read-write.
+ When read, returns the effective state of the cgroup - "THAWED",
+ "FREEZING" or "FROZEN". This is the combined self and parent-states.
+ If any is freezing, the cgroup is freezing (FREEZING or FROZEN).
+ FREEZING cgroup transitions into FROZEN state when all tasks
+ belonging to the cgroup and its descendants become frozen. Note that
+ a cgroup reverts to FREEZING from FROZEN after a new task is added
+ to the cgroup or one of its descendant cgroups until the new task is
+ frozen.
+ When written, sets the self-state of the cgroup. Two values are
+ allowed - "FROZEN" and "THAWED". If FROZEN is written, the cgroup,
+ if not already freezing, enters FREEZING state along with all its
+ descendant cgroups.
+ If THAWED is written, the self-state of the cgroup is changed to
+ THAWED. Note that the effective state may not change to THAWED if
+ the parent-state is still freezing. If a cgroup's effective state
+ becomes THAWED, all its descendants which are freezing because of
+ the cgroup also leave the freezing state.
+* freezer.self_freezing: Read only.
+ Shows the self-state. 0 if the self-state is THAWED; otherwise, 1.
+ This value is 1 iff the last write to freezer.state was "FROZEN".
+* freezer.parent_freezing: Read only.
+ Shows the parent-state. 0 if none of the cgroup's ancestors is
+ frozen; otherwise, 1.
+The root cgroup is non-freezable and the above interface files don't
* Examples of usage :
@@ -85,18 +121,3 @@ to unfreeze all tasks in the container :
This is the basic mechanism which should do the right thing for user space task
in a simple scenario.
-It's important to note that freezing can be incomplete. In that case we return
-EBUSY. This means that some tasks in the cgroup are busy doing something that
-prevents us from completely freezing the cgroup at this time. After EBUSY,
-the cgroup will remain partially frozen -- reflected by freezer.state reporting
-"FREEZING" when read. The state will remain "FREEZING" until one of these
-things happens:
- 1) Userspace cancels the freezing operation by writing "THAWED" to
- the freezer.state file
- 2) Userspace retries the freezing operation by writing "FROZEN" to
- the freezer.state file (writing "FREEZING" is not legal
- and returns EINVAL)
- 3) The tasks that blocked the cgroup from entering the "FROZEN"
- state disappear from the cgroup's set of tasks.

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