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authorDavidlohr Bueso <davidlohr.bueso@hp.com>2013-04-30 19:15:29 -0700
committerLinus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>2013-05-01 08:12:58 -0700
commit16df3674efe39f3ab63e7052f1244dd3d50e7f84 (patch)
tree45ecd49ba72e0b84dbaac338d79173ba1ea4c972 /ipc
parent444d0f621b64716f7868dcbde448e0c66ece4e61 (diff)
ipc,sem: do not hold ipc lock more than necessary
Instead of holding the ipc lock for permissions and security checks, among others, only acquire it when necessary. Some numbers.... 1) With Rik's semop-multi.c microbenchmark we can see the following results: Baseline (3.9-rc1): cpus 4, threads: 256, semaphores: 128, test duration: 30 secs total operations: 151452270, ops/sec 5048409 + 59.40% a.out [kernel.kallsyms] [k] _raw_spin_lock + 6.14% a.out [kernel.kallsyms] [k] sys_semtimedop + 3.84% a.out [kernel.kallsyms] [k] avc_has_perm_flags + 3.64% a.out [kernel.kallsyms] [k] __audit_syscall_exit + 2.06% a.out [kernel.kallsyms] [k] copy_user_enhanced_fast_string + 1.86% a.out [kernel.kallsyms] [k] ipc_lock With this patchset: cpus 4, threads: 256, semaphores: 128, test duration: 30 secs total operations: 273156400, ops/sec 9105213 + 18.54% a.out [kernel.kallsyms] [k] _raw_spin_lock + 11.72% a.out [kernel.kallsyms] [k] sys_semtimedop + 7.70% a.out [kernel.kallsyms] [k] ipc_has_perm.isra.21 + 6.58% a.out [kernel.kallsyms] [k] avc_has_perm_flags + 6.54% a.out [kernel.kallsyms] [k] __audit_syscall_exit + 4.71% a.out [kernel.kallsyms] [k] ipc_obtain_object_check 2) While on an Oracle swingbench DSS (data mining) workload the improvements are not as exciting as with Rik's benchmark, we can see some positive numbers. For an 8 socket machine the following are the percentages of %sys time incurred in the ipc lock: Baseline (3.9-rc1): 100 swingbench users: 8,74% 400 swingbench users: 21,86% 800 swingbench users: 84,35% With this patchset: 100 swingbench users: 8,11% 400 swingbench users: 19,93% 800 swingbench users: 77,69% [riel@redhat.com: fix two locking bugs] [sasha.levin@oracle.com: prevent releasing RCU read lock twice in semctl_main] [akpm@linux-foundation.org: coding-style fixes] Signed-off-by: Davidlohr Bueso <davidlohr.bueso@hp.com> Signed-off-by: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com> Reviewed-by: Chegu Vinod <chegu_vinod@hp.com> Acked-by: Michel Lespinasse <walken@google.com> Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com> Cc: Jason Low <jason.low2@hp.com> Cc: Emmanuel Benisty <benisty.e@gmail.com> Cc: Peter Hurley <peter@hurleysoftware.com> Cc: Stanislav Kinsbursky <skinsbursky@parallels.com> Tested-by: Sedat Dilek <sedat.dilek@gmail.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
Diffstat (limited to 'ipc')
-rw-r--r--ipc/sem.c161
-rw-r--r--ipc/util.h5
2 files changed, 118 insertions, 48 deletions
diff --git a/ipc/sem.c b/ipc/sem.c
index 5b167d00efa6..cd1093cf7e8f 100644
--- a/ipc/sem.c
+++ b/ipc/sem.c
@@ -204,13 +204,34 @@ static inline struct sem_array *sem_lock(struct ipc_namespace *ns, int id)
return container_of(ipcp, struct sem_array, sem_perm);
}
+static inline struct sem_array *sem_obtain_object(struct ipc_namespace *ns, int id)
+{
+ struct kern_ipc_perm *ipcp = ipc_obtain_object(&sem_ids(ns), id);
+
+ if (IS_ERR(ipcp))
+ return ERR_CAST(ipcp);
+
+ return container_of(ipcp, struct sem_array, sem_perm);
+}
+
static inline struct sem_array *sem_lock_check(struct ipc_namespace *ns,
int id)
{
struct kern_ipc_perm *ipcp = ipc_lock_check(&sem_ids(ns), id);
if (IS_ERR(ipcp))
- return (struct sem_array *)ipcp;
+ return ERR_CAST(ipcp);
+
+ return container_of(ipcp, struct sem_array, sem_perm);
+}
+
+static inline struct sem_array *sem_obtain_object_check(struct ipc_namespace *ns,
+ int id)
+{
+ struct kern_ipc_perm *ipcp = ipc_obtain_object_check(&sem_ids(ns), id);
+
+ if (IS_ERR(ipcp))
+ return ERR_CAST(ipcp);
return container_of(ipcp, struct sem_array, sem_perm);
}
@@ -234,6 +255,16 @@ static inline void sem_putref(struct sem_array *sma)
ipc_unlock(&(sma)->sem_perm);
}
+/*
+ * Call inside the rcu read section.
+ */
+static inline void sem_getref(struct sem_array *sma)
+{
+ spin_lock(&(sma)->sem_perm.lock);
+ ipc_rcu_getref(sma);
+ ipc_unlock(&(sma)->sem_perm);
+}
+
static inline void sem_rmid(struct ipc_namespace *ns, struct sem_array *s)
{
ipc_rmid(&sem_ids(ns), &s->sem_perm);
@@ -842,18 +873,25 @@ static int semctl_nolock(struct ipc_namespace *ns, int semid,
case SEM_STAT:
{
struct semid64_ds tbuf;
- int id;
+ int id = 0;
+
+ memset(&tbuf, 0, sizeof(tbuf));
if (cmd == SEM_STAT) {
- sma = sem_lock(ns, semid);
- if (IS_ERR(sma))
- return PTR_ERR(sma);
+ rcu_read_lock();
+ sma = sem_obtain_object(ns, semid);
+ if (IS_ERR(sma)) {
+ err = PTR_ERR(sma);
+ goto out_unlock;
+ }
id = sma->sem_perm.id;
} else {
- sma = sem_lock_check(ns, semid);
- if (IS_ERR(sma))
- return PTR_ERR(sma);
- id = 0;
+ rcu_read_lock();
+ sma = sem_obtain_object_check(ns, semid);
+ if (IS_ERR(sma)) {
+ err = PTR_ERR(sma);
+ goto out_unlock;
+ }
}
err = -EACCES;
@@ -864,13 +902,11 @@ static int semctl_nolock(struct ipc_namespace *ns, int semid,
if (err)
goto out_unlock;
- memset(&tbuf, 0, sizeof(tbuf));
-
kernel_to_ipc64_perm(&sma->sem_perm, &tbuf.sem_perm);
tbuf.sem_otime = sma->sem_otime;
tbuf.sem_ctime = sma->sem_ctime;
tbuf.sem_nsems = sma->sem_nsems;
- sem_unlock(sma);
+ rcu_read_unlock();
if (copy_semid_to_user(p, &tbuf, version))
return -EFAULT;
return id;
@@ -879,7 +915,7 @@ static int semctl_nolock(struct ipc_namespace *ns, int semid,
return -EINVAL;
}
out_unlock:
- sem_unlock(sma);
+ rcu_read_unlock();
return err;
}
@@ -947,27 +983,34 @@ static int semctl_main(struct ipc_namespace *ns, int semid, int semnum,
{
struct sem_array *sma;
struct sem* curr;
- int err;
+ int err, nsems;
ushort fast_sem_io[SEMMSL_FAST];
ushort* sem_io = fast_sem_io;
- int nsems;
struct list_head tasks;
- sma = sem_lock_check(ns, semid);
- if (IS_ERR(sma))
+ INIT_LIST_HEAD(&tasks);
+
+ rcu_read_lock();
+ sma = sem_obtain_object_check(ns, semid);
+ if (IS_ERR(sma)) {
+ rcu_read_unlock();
return PTR_ERR(sma);
+ }
- INIT_LIST_HEAD(&tasks);
nsems = sma->sem_nsems;
err = -EACCES;
if (ipcperms(ns, &sma->sem_perm,
- cmd == SETALL ? S_IWUGO : S_IRUGO))
- goto out_unlock;
+ cmd == SETALL ? S_IWUGO : S_IRUGO)) {
+ rcu_read_unlock();
+ goto out_wakeup;
+ }
err = security_sem_semctl(sma, cmd);
- if (err)
- goto out_unlock;
+ if (err) {
+ rcu_read_unlock();
+ goto out_wakeup;
+ }
err = -EACCES;
switch (cmd) {
@@ -977,7 +1020,7 @@ static int semctl_main(struct ipc_namespace *ns, int semid, int semnum,
int i;
if(nsems > SEMMSL_FAST) {
- sem_getref_and_unlock(sma);
+ sem_getref(sma);
sem_io = ipc_alloc(sizeof(ushort)*nsems);
if(sem_io == NULL) {
@@ -993,6 +1036,7 @@ static int semctl_main(struct ipc_namespace *ns, int semid, int semnum,
}
}
+ spin_lock(&sma->sem_perm.lock);
for (i = 0; i < sma->sem_nsems; i++)
sem_io[i] = sma->sem_base[i].semval;
sem_unlock(sma);
@@ -1006,7 +1050,8 @@ static int semctl_main(struct ipc_namespace *ns, int semid, int semnum,
int i;
struct sem_undo *un;
- sem_getref_and_unlock(sma);
+ ipc_rcu_getref(sma);
+ rcu_read_unlock();
if(nsems > SEMMSL_FAST) {
sem_io = ipc_alloc(sizeof(ushort)*nsems);
@@ -1053,9 +1098,12 @@ static int semctl_main(struct ipc_namespace *ns, int semid, int semnum,
/* GETVAL, GETPID, GETNCTN, GETZCNT: fall-through */
}
err = -EINVAL;
- if(semnum < 0 || semnum >= nsems)
- goto out_unlock;
+ if (semnum < 0 || semnum >= nsems) {
+ rcu_read_unlock();
+ goto out_wakeup;
+ }
+ spin_lock(&sma->sem_perm.lock);
curr = &sma->sem_base[semnum];
switch (cmd) {
@@ -1072,10 +1120,11 @@ static int semctl_main(struct ipc_namespace *ns, int semid, int semnum,
err = count_semzcnt(sma,semnum);
goto out_unlock;
}
+
out_unlock:
sem_unlock(sma);
+out_wakeup:
wake_up_sem_queue_do(&tasks);
-
out_free:
if(sem_io != fast_sem_io)
ipc_free(sem_io, sizeof(ushort)*nsems);
@@ -1126,29 +1175,35 @@ static int semctl_down(struct ipc_namespace *ns, int semid,
return -EFAULT;
}
- ipcp = ipcctl_pre_down(ns, &sem_ids(ns), semid, cmd,
- &semid64.sem_perm, 0);
+ ipcp = ipcctl_pre_down_nolock(ns, &sem_ids(ns), semid, cmd,
+ &semid64.sem_perm, 0);
if (IS_ERR(ipcp))
return PTR_ERR(ipcp);
sma = container_of(ipcp, struct sem_array, sem_perm);
err = security_sem_semctl(sma, cmd);
- if (err)
+ if (err) {
+ rcu_read_unlock();
goto out_unlock;
+ }
switch(cmd){
case IPC_RMID:
+ ipc_lock_object(&sma->sem_perm);
freeary(ns, ipcp);
goto out_up;
case IPC_SET:
+ ipc_lock_object(&sma->sem_perm);
err = ipc_update_perm(&semid64.sem_perm, ipcp);
if (err)
goto out_unlock;
sma->sem_ctime = get_seconds();
break;
default:
+ rcu_read_unlock();
err = -EINVAL;
+ goto out_up;
}
out_unlock:
@@ -1277,16 +1332,18 @@ static struct sem_undo *find_alloc_undo(struct ipc_namespace *ns, int semid)
spin_unlock(&ulp->lock);
if (likely(un!=NULL))
goto out;
- rcu_read_unlock();
/* no undo structure around - allocate one. */
/* step 1: figure out the size of the semaphore array */
- sma = sem_lock_check(ns, semid);
- if (IS_ERR(sma))
+ sma = sem_obtain_object_check(ns, semid);
+ if (IS_ERR(sma)) {
+ rcu_read_unlock();
return ERR_CAST(sma);
+ }
nsems = sma->sem_nsems;
- sem_getref_and_unlock(sma);
+ ipc_rcu_getref(sma);
+ rcu_read_unlock();
/* step 2: allocate new undo structure */
new = kzalloc(sizeof(struct sem_undo) + sizeof(short)*nsems, GFP_KERNEL);
@@ -1421,7 +1478,8 @@ SYSCALL_DEFINE4(semtimedop, int, semid, struct sembuf __user *, tsops,
INIT_LIST_HEAD(&tasks);
- sma = sem_lock_check(ns, semid);
+ rcu_read_lock();
+ sma = sem_obtain_object_check(ns, semid);
if (IS_ERR(sma)) {
if (un)
rcu_read_unlock();
@@ -1429,6 +1487,24 @@ SYSCALL_DEFINE4(semtimedop, int, semid, struct sembuf __user *, tsops,
goto out_free;
}
+ error = -EFBIG;
+ if (max >= sma->sem_nsems) {
+ rcu_read_unlock();
+ goto out_wakeup;
+ }
+
+ error = -EACCES;
+ if (ipcperms(ns, &sma->sem_perm, alter ? S_IWUGO : S_IRUGO)) {
+ rcu_read_unlock();
+ goto out_wakeup;
+ }
+
+ error = security_sem_semop(sma, sops, nsops, alter);
+ if (error) {
+ rcu_read_unlock();
+ goto out_wakeup;
+ }
+
/*
* semid identifiers are not unique - find_alloc_undo may have
* allocated an undo structure, it was invalidated by an RMID
@@ -1437,6 +1513,7 @@ SYSCALL_DEFINE4(semtimedop, int, semid, struct sembuf __user *, tsops,
* "un" itself is guaranteed by rcu.
*/
error = -EIDRM;
+ ipc_lock_object(&sma->sem_perm);
if (un) {
if (un->semid == -1) {
rcu_read_unlock();
@@ -1454,18 +1531,6 @@ SYSCALL_DEFINE4(semtimedop, int, semid, struct sembuf __user *, tsops,
}
}
- error = -EFBIG;
- if (max >= sma->sem_nsems)
- goto out_unlock_free;
-
- error = -EACCES;
- if (ipcperms(ns, &sma->sem_perm, alter ? S_IWUGO : S_IRUGO))
- goto out_unlock_free;
-
- error = security_sem_semop(sma, sops, nsops, alter);
- if (error)
- goto out_unlock_free;
-
error = try_atomic_semop (sma, sops, nsops, un, task_tgid_vnr(current));
if (error <= 0) {
if (alter && error == 0)
@@ -1568,7 +1633,7 @@ sleep_again:
out_unlock_free:
sem_unlock(sma);
-
+out_wakeup:
wake_up_sem_queue_do(&tasks);
out_free:
if(sops != fast_sops)
diff --git a/ipc/util.h b/ipc/util.h
index 13d92fea15a3..c36b9977c957 100644
--- a/ipc/util.h
+++ b/ipc/util.h
@@ -171,6 +171,11 @@ static inline void ipc_unlock(struct kern_ipc_perm *perm)
rcu_read_unlock();
}
+static inline void ipc_lock_object(struct kern_ipc_perm *perm)
+{
+ spin_lock(&perm->lock);
+}
+
struct kern_ipc_perm *ipc_lock_check(struct ipc_ids *ids, int id);
struct kern_ipc_perm *ipc_obtain_object_check(struct ipc_ids *ids, int id);
int ipcget(struct ipc_namespace *ns, struct ipc_ids *ids,

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