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-rw-r--r--Documentation/pwm.txt54
-rw-r--r--MAINTAINERS6
-rw-r--r--drivers/Kconfig2
-rw-r--r--drivers/Makefile1
-rw-r--r--drivers/pwm/Kconfig12
-rw-r--r--drivers/pwm/Makefile1
-rw-r--r--drivers/pwm/core.c227
-rw-r--r--include/linux/pwm.h38
8 files changed, 341 insertions, 0 deletions
diff --git a/Documentation/pwm.txt b/Documentation/pwm.txt
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..03e39d145911
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/pwm.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,54 @@
+Pulse Width Modulation (PWM) interface
+
+This provides an overview about the Linux PWM interface
+
+PWMs are commonly used for controlling LEDs, fans or vibrators in
+cell phones. PWMs with a fixed purpose have no need implementing
+the Linux PWM API (although they could). However, PWMs are often
+found as discrete devices on SoCs which have no fixed purpose. It's
+up to the board designer to connect them to LEDs or fans. To provide
+this kind of flexibility the generic PWM API exists.
+
+Identifying PWMs
+----------------
+
+Users of the legacy PWM API use unique IDs to refer to PWM devices. One
+goal of the new PWM framework is to get rid of this global namespace.
+
+Using PWMs
+----------
+
+A PWM can be requested using pwm_request() and freed after usage with
+pwm_free(). After being requested a PWM has to be configured using
+
+int pwm_config(struct pwm_device *pwm, int duty_ns, int period_ns);
+
+To start/stop toggling the PWM output use pwm_enable()/pwm_disable().
+
+Implementing a PWM driver
+-------------------------
+
+Currently there are two ways to implement pwm drivers. Traditionally
+there only has been the barebone API meaning that each driver has
+to implement the pwm_*() functions itself. This means that it's impossible
+to have multiple PWM drivers in the system. For this reason it's mandatory
+for new drivers to use the generic PWM framework.
+A new PWM device can be added using pwmchip_add() and removed again with
+pwmchip_remove(). pwmchip_add() takes a filled in struct pwm_chip as
+argument which provides the ops and the pwm id to the framework.
+
+Locking
+-------
+
+The PWM core list manipulations are protected by a mutex, so pwm_request()
+and pwm_free() may not be called from an atomic context. Currently the
+PWM core does not enforce any locking to pwm_enable(), pwm_disable() and
+pwm_config(), so the calling context is currently driver specific. This
+is an issue derived from the former barebone API and should be fixed soon.
+
+Helpers
+-------
+
+Currently a PWM can only be configured with period_ns and duty_ns. For several
+use cases freq_hz and duty_percent might be better. Instead of calculating
+this in your driver please consider adding appropriate helpers to the framework.
diff --git a/MAINTAINERS b/MAINTAINERS
index 14bc7071f9df..67d6cb70cb7e 100644
--- a/MAINTAINERS
+++ b/MAINTAINERS
@@ -5487,6 +5487,12 @@ S: Maintained
F: Documentation/video4linux/README.pvrusb2
F: drivers/media/video/pvrusb2/
+PWM core
+M: Sascha Hauer <s.hauer@pengutronix.de>
+L: linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org
+S: Maintained
+F: drivers/pwm/
+
PXA2xx/PXA3xx SUPPORT
M: Eric Miao <eric.y.miao@gmail.com>
M: Russell King <linux@arm.linux.org.uk>
diff --git a/drivers/Kconfig b/drivers/Kconfig
index bfc918633fd9..805c432c9439 100644
--- a/drivers/Kconfig
+++ b/drivers/Kconfig
@@ -148,4 +148,6 @@ source "drivers/iio/Kconfig"
source "drivers/vme/Kconfig"
+source "drivers/pwm/Kconfig"
+
endmenu
diff --git a/drivers/Makefile b/drivers/Makefile
index 2ba29ffef2cb..bd36f09f2246 100644
--- a/drivers/Makefile
+++ b/drivers/Makefile
@@ -8,6 +8,7 @@
# GPIO must come after pinctrl as gpios may need to mux pins etc
obj-y += pinctrl/
obj-y += gpio/
+obj-y += pwm/
obj-$(CONFIG_PCI) += pci/
obj-$(CONFIG_PARISC) += parisc/
obj-$(CONFIG_RAPIDIO) += rapidio/
diff --git a/drivers/pwm/Kconfig b/drivers/pwm/Kconfig
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..93c1052291a3
--- /dev/null
+++ b/drivers/pwm/Kconfig
@@ -0,0 +1,12 @@
+menuconfig PWM
+ bool "PWM Support"
+ help
+ This enables PWM support through the generic PWM framework.
+ You only need to enable this, if you also want to enable
+ one or more of the PWM drivers below.
+
+ If unsure, say N.
+
+if PWM
+
+endif
diff --git a/drivers/pwm/Makefile b/drivers/pwm/Makefile
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..3469c3d28b7a
--- /dev/null
+++ b/drivers/pwm/Makefile
@@ -0,0 +1 @@
+obj-$(CONFIG_PWM) += core.o
diff --git a/drivers/pwm/core.c b/drivers/pwm/core.c
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..0b8a38eca23c
--- /dev/null
+++ b/drivers/pwm/core.c
@@ -0,0 +1,227 @@
+/*
+ * Generic pwmlib implementation
+ *
+ * Copyright (C) 2011 Sascha Hauer <s.hauer@pengutronix.de>
+ *
+ * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
+ * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
+ * the Free Software Foundation; either version 2, or (at your option)
+ * any later version.
+ *
+ * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
+ * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
+ * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the
+ * GNU General Public License for more details.
+ *
+ * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
+ * along with this program; see the file COPYING. If not, write to
+ * the Free Software Foundation, 675 Mass Ave, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA.
+ */
+
+#include <linux/module.h>
+#include <linux/pwm.h>
+#include <linux/list.h>
+#include <linux/mutex.h>
+#include <linux/err.h>
+#include <linux/slab.h>
+#include <linux/device.h>
+
+struct pwm_device {
+ struct pwm_chip *chip;
+ const char *label;
+ unsigned long flags;
+#define FLAG_REQUESTED 0
+#define FLAG_ENABLED 1
+ struct list_head node;
+};
+
+static LIST_HEAD(pwm_list);
+
+static DEFINE_MUTEX(pwm_lock);
+
+static struct pwm_device *_find_pwm(int pwm_id)
+{
+ struct pwm_device *pwm;
+
+ list_for_each_entry(pwm, &pwm_list, node) {
+ if (pwm->chip->pwm_id == pwm_id)
+ return pwm;
+ }
+
+ return NULL;
+}
+
+/**
+ * pwmchip_add() - register a new PWM chip
+ * @chip: the PWM chip to add
+ */
+int pwmchip_add(struct pwm_chip *chip)
+{
+ struct pwm_device *pwm;
+ int ret = 0;
+
+ pwm = kzalloc(sizeof(*pwm), GFP_KERNEL);
+ if (!pwm)
+ return -ENOMEM;
+
+ pwm->chip = chip;
+
+ mutex_lock(&pwm_lock);
+
+ if (chip->pwm_id >= 0 && _find_pwm(chip->pwm_id)) {
+ ret = -EBUSY;
+ goto out;
+ }
+
+ list_add_tail(&pwm->node, &pwm_list);
+out:
+ mutex_unlock(&pwm_lock);
+
+ if (ret)
+ kfree(pwm);
+
+ return ret;
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(pwmchip_add);
+
+/**
+ * pwmchip_remove() - remove a PWM chip
+ * @chip: the PWM chip to remove
+ *
+ * Removes a PWM chip. This function may return busy if the PWM chip provides
+ * a PWM device that is still requested.
+ */
+int pwmchip_remove(struct pwm_chip *chip)
+{
+ struct pwm_device *pwm;
+ int ret = 0;
+
+ mutex_lock(&pwm_lock);
+
+ pwm = _find_pwm(chip->pwm_id);
+ if (!pwm) {
+ ret = -ENOENT;
+ goto out;
+ }
+
+ if (test_bit(FLAG_REQUESTED, &pwm->flags)) {
+ ret = -EBUSY;
+ goto out;
+ }
+
+ list_del(&pwm->node);
+
+ kfree(pwm);
+out:
+ mutex_unlock(&pwm_lock);
+
+ return ret;
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(pwmchip_remove);
+
+/**
+ * pwm_request() - request a PWM device
+ * @pwm_id: global PWM device index
+ * @label: PWM device label
+ */
+struct pwm_device *pwm_request(int pwm_id, const char *label)
+{
+ struct pwm_device *pwm;
+ int ret;
+
+ mutex_lock(&pwm_lock);
+
+ pwm = _find_pwm(pwm_id);
+ if (!pwm) {
+ pwm = ERR_PTR(-ENOENT);
+ goto out;
+ }
+
+ if (test_bit(FLAG_REQUESTED, &pwm->flags)) {
+ pwm = ERR_PTR(-EBUSY);
+ goto out;
+ }
+
+ if (!try_module_get(pwm->chip->ops->owner)) {
+ pwm = ERR_PTR(-ENODEV);
+ goto out;
+ }
+
+ if (pwm->chip->ops->request) {
+ ret = pwm->chip->ops->request(pwm->chip);
+ if (ret) {
+ pwm = ERR_PTR(ret);
+ goto out_put;
+ }
+ }
+
+ pwm->label = label;
+ set_bit(FLAG_REQUESTED, &pwm->flags);
+
+ goto out;
+
+out_put:
+ module_put(pwm->chip->ops->owner);
+out:
+ mutex_unlock(&pwm_lock);
+
+ return pwm;
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(pwm_request);
+
+/**
+ * pwm_free() - free a PWM device
+ * @pwm: PWM device
+ */
+void pwm_free(struct pwm_device *pwm)
+{
+ mutex_lock(&pwm_lock);
+
+ if (!test_and_clear_bit(FLAG_REQUESTED, &pwm->flags)) {
+ pr_warning("PWM device already freed\n");
+ goto out;
+ }
+
+ pwm->label = NULL;
+
+ module_put(pwm->chip->ops->owner);
+out:
+ mutex_unlock(&pwm_lock);
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(pwm_free);
+
+/**
+ * pwm_config() - change a PWM device configuration
+ * @pwm: PWM device
+ * @duty_ns: "on" time (in nanoseconds)
+ * @period_ns: duration (in nanoseconds) of one cycle
+ */
+int pwm_config(struct pwm_device *pwm, int duty_ns, int period_ns)
+{
+ return pwm->chip->ops->config(pwm->chip, duty_ns, period_ns);
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(pwm_config);
+
+/**
+ * pwm_enable() - start a PWM output toggling
+ * @pwm: PWM device
+ */
+int pwm_enable(struct pwm_device *pwm)
+{
+ if (!test_and_set_bit(FLAG_ENABLED, &pwm->flags))
+ return pwm->chip->ops->enable(pwm->chip);
+
+ return 0;
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(pwm_enable);
+
+/**
+ * pwm_disable() - stop a PWM output toggling
+ * @pwm: PWM device
+ */
+void pwm_disable(struct pwm_device *pwm)
+{
+ if (test_and_clear_bit(FLAG_ENABLED, &pwm->flags))
+ pwm->chip->ops->disable(pwm->chip);
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(pwm_disable);
diff --git a/include/linux/pwm.h b/include/linux/pwm.h
index 7c775751392c..1f308a13105f 100644
--- a/include/linux/pwm.h
+++ b/include/linux/pwm.h
@@ -28,4 +28,42 @@ int pwm_enable(struct pwm_device *pwm);
*/
void pwm_disable(struct pwm_device *pwm);
+#ifdef CONFIG_PWM
+struct pwm_chip;
+
+/**
+ * struct pwm_ops - PWM controller operations
+ * @request: optional hook for requesting a PWM
+ * @free: optional hook for freeing a PWM
+ * @config: configure duty cycles and period length for this PWM
+ * @enable: enable PWM output toggling
+ * @disable: disable PWM output toggling
+ * @owner: helps prevent removal of modules exporting active PWMs
+ */
+struct pwm_ops {
+ int (*request)(struct pwm_chip *chip);
+ void (*free)(struct pwm_chip *chip);
+ int (*config)(struct pwm_chip *chip, int duty_ns,
+ int period_ns);
+ int (*enable)(struct pwm_chip *chip);
+ void (*disable)(struct pwm_chip *chip);
+ struct module *owner;
+};
+
+/**
+ * struct pwm_chip - abstract a PWM
+ * @pwm_id: global PWM device index
+ * @label: PWM device label
+ * @ops: controller operations
+ */
+struct pwm_chip {
+ int pwm_id;
+ const char *label;
+ struct pwm_ops *ops;
+};
+
+int pwmchip_add(struct pwm_chip *chip);
+int pwmchip_remove(struct pwm_chip *chip);
+#endif
+
#endif /* __LINUX_PWM_H */

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