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-rw-r--r--Documentation/cgroups/freezer-subsystem.txt63
-rw-r--r--kernel/cgroup_freezer.c161
2 files changed, 165 insertions, 59 deletions
diff --git a/Documentation/cgroups/freezer-subsystem.txt b/Documentation/cgroups/freezer-subsystem.txt
index 7e62de1e59ff..c96a72cbb30a 100644
--- a/Documentation/cgroups/freezer-subsystem.txt
+++ b/Documentation/cgroups/freezer-subsystem.txt
@@ -49,13 +49,49 @@ prevent the freeze/unfreeze cycle from becoming visible to the tasks
being frozen. This allows the bash example above and gdb to run as
expected.
-The freezer subsystem in the container filesystem defines a file named
-freezer.state. Writing "FROZEN" to the state file will freeze all tasks in the
-cgroup. Subsequently writing "THAWED" will unfreeze the tasks in the cgroup.
-Reading will return the current state.
+The cgroup freezer is hierarchical. Freezing a cgroup freezes all
+tasks beloning to the cgroup and all its descendant cgroups. Each
+cgroup has its own state (self-state) and the state inherited from the
+parent (parent-state). Iff both states are THAWED, the cgroup is
+THAWED.
-Note freezer.state doesn't exist in root cgroup, which means root cgroup
-is non-freezable.
+The following cgroupfs files are created by cgroup freezer.
+
+* freezer.state: Read-write.
+
+ When read, returns the effective state of the cgroup - "THAWED",
+ "FREEZING" or "FROZEN". This is the combined self and parent-states.
+ If any is freezing, the cgroup is freezing (FREEZING or FROZEN).
+
+ FREEZING cgroup transitions into FROZEN state when all tasks
+ belonging to the cgroup and its descendants become frozen. Note that
+ a cgroup reverts to FREEZING from FROZEN after a new task is added
+ to the cgroup or one of its descendant cgroups until the new task is
+ frozen.
+
+ When written, sets the self-state of the cgroup. Two values are
+ allowed - "FROZEN" and "THAWED". If FROZEN is written, the cgroup,
+ if not already freezing, enters FREEZING state along with all its
+ descendant cgroups.
+
+ If THAWED is written, the self-state of the cgroup is changed to
+ THAWED. Note that the effective state may not change to THAWED if
+ the parent-state is still freezing. If a cgroup's effective state
+ becomes THAWED, all its descendants which are freezing because of
+ the cgroup also leave the freezing state.
+
+* freezer.self_freezing: Read only.
+
+ Shows the self-state. 0 if the self-state is THAWED; otherwise, 1.
+ This value is 1 iff the last write to freezer.state was "FROZEN".
+
+* freezer.parent_freezing: Read only.
+
+ Shows the parent-state. 0 if none of the cgroup's ancestors is
+ frozen; otherwise, 1.
+
+The root cgroup is non-freezable and the above interface files don't
+exist.
* Examples of usage :
@@ -85,18 +121,3 @@ to unfreeze all tasks in the container :
This is the basic mechanism which should do the right thing for user space task
in a simple scenario.
-
-It's important to note that freezing can be incomplete. In that case we return
-EBUSY. This means that some tasks in the cgroup are busy doing something that
-prevents us from completely freezing the cgroup at this time. After EBUSY,
-the cgroup will remain partially frozen -- reflected by freezer.state reporting
-"FREEZING" when read. The state will remain "FREEZING" until one of these
-things happens:
-
- 1) Userspace cancels the freezing operation by writing "THAWED" to
- the freezer.state file
- 2) Userspace retries the freezing operation by writing "FROZEN" to
- the freezer.state file (writing "FREEZING" is not legal
- and returns EINVAL)
- 3) The tasks that blocked the cgroup from entering the "FROZEN"
- state disappear from the cgroup's set of tasks.
diff --git a/kernel/cgroup_freezer.c b/kernel/cgroup_freezer.c
index 4f12d317c4c3..670a4af7dc94 100644
--- a/kernel/cgroup_freezer.c
+++ b/kernel/cgroup_freezer.c
@@ -22,6 +22,13 @@
#include <linux/freezer.h>
#include <linux/seq_file.h>
+/*
+ * A cgroup is freezing if any FREEZING flags are set. FREEZING_SELF is
+ * set if "FROZEN" is written to freezer.state cgroupfs file, and cleared
+ * for "THAWED". FREEZING_PARENT is set if the parent freezer is FREEZING
+ * for whatever reason. IOW, a cgroup has FREEZING_PARENT set if one of
+ * its ancestors has FREEZING_SELF set.
+ */
enum freezer_state_flags {
CGROUP_FREEZER_ONLINE = (1 << 0), /* freezer is fully online */
CGROUP_FREEZING_SELF = (1 << 1), /* this freezer is freezing */
@@ -50,6 +57,15 @@ static inline struct freezer *task_freezer(struct task_struct *task)
struct freezer, css);
}
+static struct freezer *parent_freezer(struct freezer *freezer)
+{
+ struct cgroup *pcg = freezer->css.cgroup->parent;
+
+ if (pcg)
+ return cgroup_freezer(pcg);
+ return NULL;
+}
+
bool cgroup_freezing(struct task_struct *task)
{
bool ret;
@@ -74,17 +90,6 @@ static const char *freezer_state_strs(unsigned int state)
return "THAWED";
};
-/*
- * State diagram
- * Transitions are caused by userspace writes to the freezer.state file.
- * The values in parenthesis are state labels. The rest are edge labels.
- *
- * (THAWED) --FROZEN--> (FREEZING) --FROZEN--> (FROZEN)
- * ^ ^ | |
- * | \_______THAWED_______/ |
- * \__________________________THAWED____________/
- */
-
struct cgroup_subsys freezer_subsys;
static struct cgroup_subsys_state *freezer_create(struct cgroup *cgroup)
@@ -103,15 +108,34 @@ static struct cgroup_subsys_state *freezer_create(struct cgroup *cgroup)
* freezer_post_create - commit creation of a freezer cgroup
* @cgroup: cgroup being created
*
- * We're committing to creation of @cgroup. Mark it online.
+ * We're committing to creation of @cgroup. Mark it online and inherit
+ * parent's freezing state while holding both parent's and our
+ * freezer->lock.
*/
static void freezer_post_create(struct cgroup *cgroup)
{
struct freezer *freezer = cgroup_freezer(cgroup);
+ struct freezer *parent = parent_freezer(freezer);
+
+ /*
+ * The following double locking and freezing state inheritance
+ * guarantee that @cgroup can never escape ancestors' freezing
+ * states. See cgroup_for_each_descendant_pre() for details.
+ */
+ if (parent)
+ spin_lock_irq(&parent->lock);
+ spin_lock_nested(&freezer->lock, SINGLE_DEPTH_NESTING);
- spin_lock_irq(&freezer->lock);
freezer->state |= CGROUP_FREEZER_ONLINE;
- spin_unlock_irq(&freezer->lock);
+
+ if (parent && (parent->state & CGROUP_FREEZING)) {
+ freezer->state |= CGROUP_FREEZING_PARENT | CGROUP_FROZEN;
+ atomic_inc(&system_freezing_cnt);
+ }
+
+ spin_unlock(&freezer->lock);
+ if (parent)
+ spin_unlock_irq(&parent->lock);
}
/**
@@ -153,6 +177,7 @@ static void freezer_attach(struct cgroup *new_cgrp, struct cgroup_taskset *tset)
{
struct freezer *freezer = cgroup_freezer(new_cgrp);
struct task_struct *task;
+ bool clear_frozen = false;
spin_lock_irq(&freezer->lock);
@@ -172,10 +197,25 @@ static void freezer_attach(struct cgroup *new_cgrp, struct cgroup_taskset *tset)
} else {
freeze_task(task);
freezer->state &= ~CGROUP_FROZEN;
+ clear_frozen = true;
}
}
spin_unlock_irq(&freezer->lock);
+
+ /*
+ * Propagate FROZEN clearing upwards. We may race with
+ * update_if_frozen(), but as long as both work bottom-up, either
+ * update_if_frozen() sees child's FROZEN cleared or we clear the
+ * parent's FROZEN later. No parent w/ !FROZEN children can be
+ * left FROZEN.
+ */
+ while (clear_frozen && (freezer = parent_freezer(freezer))) {
+ spin_lock_irq(&freezer->lock);
+ freezer->state &= ~CGROUP_FROZEN;
+ clear_frozen = freezer->state & CGROUP_FREEZING;
+ spin_unlock_irq(&freezer->lock);
+ }
}
static void freezer_fork(struct task_struct *task)
@@ -200,24 +240,47 @@ out:
rcu_read_unlock();
}
-/*
- * We change from FREEZING to FROZEN lazily if the cgroup was only
- * partially frozen when we exitted write. Caller must hold freezer->lock.
+/**
+ * update_if_frozen - update whether a cgroup finished freezing
+ * @cgroup: cgroup of interest
+ *
+ * Once FREEZING is initiated, transition to FROZEN is lazily updated by
+ * calling this function. If the current state is FREEZING but not FROZEN,
+ * this function checks whether all tasks of this cgroup and the descendant
+ * cgroups finished freezing and, if so, sets FROZEN.
+ *
+ * The caller is responsible for grabbing RCU read lock and calling
+ * update_if_frozen() on all descendants prior to invoking this function.
*
* Task states and freezer state might disagree while tasks are being
* migrated into or out of @cgroup, so we can't verify task states against
* @freezer state here. See freezer_attach() for details.
*/
-static void update_if_frozen(struct freezer *freezer)
+static void update_if_frozen(struct cgroup *cgroup)
{
- struct cgroup *cgroup = freezer->css.cgroup;
+ struct freezer *freezer = cgroup_freezer(cgroup);
+ struct cgroup *pos;
struct cgroup_iter it;
struct task_struct *task;
+ WARN_ON_ONCE(!rcu_read_lock_held());
+
+ spin_lock_irq(&freezer->lock);
+
if (!(freezer->state & CGROUP_FREEZING) ||
(freezer->state & CGROUP_FROZEN))
- return;
+ goto out_unlock;
+
+ /* are all (live) children frozen? */
+ cgroup_for_each_child(pos, cgroup) {
+ struct freezer *child = cgroup_freezer(pos);
+ if ((child->state & CGROUP_FREEZER_ONLINE) &&
+ !(child->state & CGROUP_FROZEN))
+ goto out_unlock;
+ }
+
+ /* are all tasks frozen? */
cgroup_iter_start(cgroup, &it);
while ((task = cgroup_iter_next(cgroup, &it))) {
@@ -229,27 +292,32 @@ static void update_if_frozen(struct freezer *freezer)
* the usual frozen condition.
*/
if (!frozen(task) && !freezer_should_skip(task))
- goto notyet;
+ goto out_iter_end;
}
}
freezer->state |= CGROUP_FROZEN;
-notyet:
+out_iter_end:
cgroup_iter_end(cgroup, &it);
+out_unlock:
+ spin_unlock_irq(&freezer->lock);
}
static int freezer_read(struct cgroup *cgroup, struct cftype *cft,
struct seq_file *m)
{
- struct freezer *freezer = cgroup_freezer(cgroup);
- unsigned int state;
+ struct cgroup *pos;
- spin_lock_irq(&freezer->lock);
- update_if_frozen(freezer);
- state = freezer->state;
- spin_unlock_irq(&freezer->lock);
+ rcu_read_lock();
- seq_puts(m, freezer_state_strs(state));
+ /* update states bottom-up */
+ cgroup_for_each_descendant_post(pos, cgroup)
+ update_if_frozen(pos);
+ update_if_frozen(cgroup);
+
+ rcu_read_unlock();
+
+ seq_puts(m, freezer_state_strs(cgroup_freezer(cgroup)->state));
seq_putc(m, '\n');
return 0;
}
@@ -320,14 +388,39 @@ static void freezer_apply_state(struct freezer *freezer, bool freeze,
* @freezer: freezer of interest
* @freeze: whether to freeze or thaw
*
- * Freeze or thaw @cgroup according to @freeze.
+ * Freeze or thaw @freezer according to @freeze. The operations are
+ * recursive - all descendants of @freezer will be affected.
*/
static void freezer_change_state(struct freezer *freezer, bool freeze)
{
+ struct cgroup *pos;
+
/* update @freezer */
spin_lock_irq(&freezer->lock);
freezer_apply_state(freezer, freeze, CGROUP_FREEZING_SELF);
spin_unlock_irq(&freezer->lock);
+
+ /*
+ * Update all its descendants in pre-order traversal. Each
+ * descendant will try to inherit its parent's FREEZING state as
+ * CGROUP_FREEZING_PARENT.
+ */
+ rcu_read_lock();
+ cgroup_for_each_descendant_pre(pos, freezer->css.cgroup) {
+ struct freezer *pos_f = cgroup_freezer(pos);
+ struct freezer *parent = parent_freezer(pos_f);
+
+ /*
+ * Our update to @parent->state is already visible which is
+ * all we need. No need to lock @parent. For more info on
+ * synchronization, see freezer_post_create().
+ */
+ spin_lock_irq(&pos_f->lock);
+ freezer_apply_state(pos_f, parent->state & CGROUP_FREEZING,
+ CGROUP_FREEZING_PARENT);
+ spin_unlock_irq(&pos_f->lock);
+ }
+ rcu_read_unlock();
}
static int freezer_write(struct cgroup *cgroup, struct cftype *cft,
@@ -390,12 +483,4 @@ struct cgroup_subsys freezer_subsys = {
.attach = freezer_attach,
.fork = freezer_fork,
.base_cftypes = files,
-
- /*
- * freezer subsys doesn't handle hierarchy at all. Frozen state
- * should be inherited through the hierarchy - if a parent is
- * frozen, all its children should be frozen. Fix it and remove
- * the following.
- */
- .broken_hierarchy = true,
};

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