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2015-01-12update ip-sysctl.txt documentation (v2)Ani Sinha1-0/+2
Update documentation to reflect the fact that /proc/sys/net/ipv4/route/max_size is no longer used for ipv4. Signed-off-by: Ani Sinha <ani@arista.com> Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
2014-12-15fib_trie.txt: fix typoDuan Jiong1-2/+2
Fix the typo, there should be "It". On the other hand, fix whitespace errors detected by checkpatch.pl Signed-off-by: Duan Jiong <duanj.fnst@cn.fujitsu.com> Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
2014-12-09Documentation (ixgbe.txt): use a decimal address.Rami Rosen1-1/+1
This patch fixes the erronous usage of an hexadecimal address in the example, by replacing it with a decimal address. Signed-off-by: Rami Rosen <ramirose@gmail.com> Acked-by: Jeff Kirsher <jeffrey.t.kirsher@intel.com> Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
2014-12-08net-timestamp: expand documentation and testWillem de Bruijn2-20/+93
Documentation: expand explanation of timestamp counter Test: new: flag -I requests and prints PKTINFO new: flag -x prints payload (possibly truncated) fix: remove pretty print that breaks common flag '-l 1' Signed-off-by: Willem de Bruijn <willemb@google.com> Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
2014-12-08net-timestamp: allow reading recv cmsg on errqueue with origin tstampWillem de Bruijn1-1/+11
Allow reading of timestamps and cmsg at the same time on all relevant socket families. One use is to correlate timestamps with egress device, by asking for cmsg IP_PKTINFO. on AF_INET sockets, call the relevant function (ip_cmsg_recv). To avoid changing legacy expectations, only do so if the caller sets a new timestamping flag SOF_TIMESTAMPING_OPT_CMSG. on AF_INET6 sockets, IPV6_PKTINFO and all other recv cmsg are already returned for all origins. only change is to set ifindex, which is not initialized for all error origins. In both cases, only generate the pktinfo message if an ifindex is known. This is not the case for ACK timestamps. The difference between the protocol families is probably a historical accident as a result of the different conditions for generating cmsg in the relevant ip(v6)_recv_error function: ipv4: if (serr->ee.ee_origin == SO_EE_ORIGIN_ICMP) { ipv6: if (serr->ee.ee_origin != SO_EE_ORIGIN_LOCAL) { At one time, this was the same test bar for the ICMP/ICMP6 distinction. This is no longer true. Signed-off-by: Willem de Bruijn <willemb@google.com> ---- Changes v1 -> v2 large rewrite - integrate with existing pktinfo cmsg generation code - on ipv4: only send with new flag, to maintain legacy behavior - on ipv6: send at most a single pktinfo cmsg - on ipv6: initialize fields if not yet initialized The recv cmsg interfaces are also relevant to the discussion of whether looping packet headers is problematic. For v6, cmsgs that identify many headers are already returned. This patch expands that to v4. If it sounds reasonable, I will follow with patches 1. request timestamps without payload with SOF_TIMESTAMPING_OPT_TSONLY (http://patchwork.ozlabs.org/patch/366967/) 2. sysctl to conditionally drop all timestamps that have payload or cmsg from users without CAP_NET_RAW. Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
2014-12-02net: introduce generic switch devices supportJiri Pirko1-0/+59
The goal of this is to provide a possibility to support various switch chips. Drivers should implement relevant ndos to do so. Now there is only one ndo defined: - for getting physical switch id is in place. Note that user can use random port netdevice to access the switch. Signed-off-by: Jiri Pirko <jiri@resnulli.us> Reviewed-by: Thomas Graf <tgraf@suug.ch> Acked-by: Andy Gospodarek <gospo@cumulusnetworks.com> Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
2014-11-29Merge git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/davem/netDavid S. Miller1-1/+1
2014-11-25net-timestamp: Fix a documentation typoAndrew Lutomirski1-1/+1
SOF_TIMESTAMPING_OPT_ID puts the id in ee_data, not ee_info. Cc: Willem de Bruijn <willemb@google.com> Signed-off-by: Andy Lutomirski <luto@amacapital.net> Acked-by: Willem de Bruijn <willemb@google.com> Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
2014-11-24ipvlan: Initial check-in of the IPVLAN driver.Mahesh Bandewar1-0/+107
This driver is very similar to the macvlan driver except that it uses L3 on the frame to determine the logical interface while functioning as packet dispatcher. It inherits L2 of the master device hence the packets on wire will have the same L2 for all the packets originating from all virtual devices off of the same master device. This driver was developed keeping the namespace use-case in mind. Hence most of the examples given here take that as the base setup where main-device belongs to the default-ns and virtual devices are assigned to the additional namespaces. The device operates in two different modes and the difference in these two modes in primarily in the TX side. (a) L2 mode : In this mode, the device behaves as a L2 device. TX processing upto L2 happens on the stack of the virtual device associated with (namespace). Packets are switched after that into the main device (default-ns) and queued for xmit. RX processing is simple and all multicast, broadcast (if applicable), and unicast belonging to the address(es) are delivered to the virtual devices. (b) L3 mode : In this mode, the device behaves like a L3 device. TX processing upto L3 happens on the stack of the virtual device associated with (namespace). Packets are switched to the main-device (default-ns) for the L2 processing. Hence the routing table of the default-ns will be used in this mode. RX processins is somewhat similar to the L2 mode except that in this mode only Unicast packets are delivered to the virtual device while main-dev will handle all other packets. The devices can be added using the "ip" command from the iproute2 package - ip link add link <master> <virtual> type ipvlan mode [ l2 | l3 ] Signed-off-by: Mahesh Bandewar <maheshb@google.com> Cc: Eric Dumazet <edumazet@google.com> Cc: Maciej Żenczykowski <maze@google.com> Cc: Laurent Chavey <chavey@google.com> Cc: Tim Hockin <thockin@google.com> Cc: Brandon Philips <brandon.philips@coreos.com> Cc: Pavel Emelianov <xemul@parallels.com> Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
2014-11-19stmmac: update driver documentationGiuseppe CAVALLARO1-67/+65
Recently many changes have been done inside the driver so this patch updates the driver's doc for example reviewing information for the rx and tx processes that are managed by napi method, adding new information for missing glue-logic files etc. Signed-off-by: Giuseppe Cavallaro <peppe.cavallaro@st.com> Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
2014-11-06Merge git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/davem/netDavid S. Miller1-0/+14
2014-11-05net: Add missing descriptions for fwmark_reflect for ipv4 and ipv6.Loganaden Velvindron1-0/+14
It was initially sent by Lorenzo Colitti, but was subsequently lost in the final diff he submitted. Signed-off-by: Loganaden Velvindron <logan@elandsys.com> Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
2014-10-29net: ipv6: Add a sysctl to make optimistic addresses useful candidatesErik Kline1-0/+13
Add a sysctl that causes an interface's optimistic addresses to be considered equivalent to other non-deprecated addresses for source address selection purposes. Preferred addresses will still take precedence over optimistic addresses, subject to other ranking in the source address selection algorithm. This is useful where different interfaces are connected to different networks from different ISPs (e.g., a cell network and a home wifi network). The current behaviour complies with RFC 3484/6724, and it makes sense if the host has only one interface, or has multiple interfaces on the same network (same or cooperating administrative domain(s), but not in the multiple distinct networks case. For example, if a mobile device has an IPv6 address on an LTE network and then connects to IPv6-enabled wifi, while the wifi IPv6 address is undergoing DAD, IPv6 connections will try use the wifi default route with the LTE IPv6 address, and will get stuck until they time out. Also, because optimistic nodes can receive frames, issue an RTM_NEWADDR as soon as DAD starts (with the IFA_F_OPTIMSTIC flag appropriately set). A second RTM_NEWADDR is sent if DAD completes (the address flags have changed), otherwise an RTM_DELADDR is sent. Also: add an entry in ip-sysctl.txt for optimistic_dad. Signed-off-by: Erik Kline <ek@google.com> Acked-by: Lorenzo Colitti <lorenzo@google.com> Acked-by: Hannes Frederic Sowa <hannes@stressinduktion.org> Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
2014-10-29tcp: allow for bigger reordering levelEric Dumazet2-6/+11
While testing upcoming Yaogong patch (converting out of order queue into an RB tree), I hit the max reordering level of linux TCP stack. Reordering level was limited to 127 for no good reason, and some network setups [1] can easily reach this limit and get limited throughput. Allow a new max limit of 300, and add a sysctl to allow admins to even allow bigger (or lower) values if needed. [1] Aggregation of links, per packet load balancing, fabrics not doing deep packet inspections, alternative TCP congestion modules... Signed-off-by: Eric Dumazet <edumazet@google.com> Cc: Yaogong Wang <wygivan@google.com> Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
2014-10-10Documentation: replace __sk_run_filter with __bpf_prog_runLi RongQing1-2/+2
__sk_run_filter has been renamed as __bpf_prog_run, so replace them in comments Signed-off-by: Li RongQing <roy.qing.li@gmail.com> Acked-by: Alexei Starovoitov <ast@plumgrid.com> Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
2014-10-08Merge git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/davem/net-nextLinus Torvalds7-92/+1110
Pull networking updates from David Miller: "Most notable changes in here: 1) By far the biggest accomplishment, thanks to a large range of contributors, is the addition of multi-send for transmit. This is the result of discussions back in Chicago, and the hard work of several individuals. Now, when the ->ndo_start_xmit() method of a driver sees skb->xmit_more as true, it can choose to defer the doorbell telling the driver to start processing the new TX queue entires. skb->xmit_more means that the generic networking is guaranteed to call the driver immediately with another SKB to send. There is logic added to the qdisc layer to dequeue multiple packets at a time, and the handling mis-predicted offloads in software is now done with no locks held. Finally, pktgen is extended to have a "burst" parameter that can be used to test a multi-send implementation. Several drivers have xmit_more support: i40e, igb, ixgbe, mlx4, virtio_net Adding support is almost trivial, so export more drivers to support this optimization soon. I want to thank, in no particular or implied order, Jesper Dangaard Brouer, Eric Dumazet, Alexander Duyck, Tom Herbert, Jamal Hadi Salim, John Fastabend, Florian Westphal, Daniel Borkmann, David Tat, Hannes Frederic Sowa, and Rusty Russell. 2) PTP and timestamping support in bnx2x, from Michal Kalderon. 3) Allow adjusting the rx_copybreak threshold for a driver via ethtool, and add rx_copybreak support to enic driver. From Govindarajulu Varadarajan. 4) Significant enhancements to the generic PHY layer and the bcm7xxx driver in particular (EEE support, auto power down, etc.) from Florian Fainelli. 5) Allow raw buffers to be used for flow dissection, allowing drivers to determine the optimal "linear pull" size for devices that DMA into pools of pages. The objective is to get exactly the necessary amount of headers into the linear SKB area pre-pulled, but no more. The new interface drivers use is eth_get_headlen(). From WANG Cong, with driver conversions (several had their own by-hand duplicated implementations) by Alexander Duyck and Eric Dumazet. 6) Support checksumming more smoothly and efficiently for encapsulations, and add "foo over UDP" facility. From Tom Herbert. 7) Add Broadcom SF2 switch driver to DSA layer, from Florian Fainelli. 8) eBPF now can load programs via a system call and has an extensive testsuite. Alexei Starovoitov and Daniel Borkmann. 9) Major overhaul of the packet scheduler to use RCU in several major areas such as the classifiers and rate estimators. From John Fastabend. 10) Add driver for Intel FM10000 Ethernet Switch, from Alexander Duyck. 11) Rearrange TCP_SKB_CB() to reduce cache line misses, from Eric Dumazet. 12) Add Datacenter TCP congestion control algorithm support, From Florian Westphal. 13) Reorganize sk_buff so that __copy_skb_header() is significantly faster. From Eric Dumazet" * git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/davem/net-next: (1558 commits) netlabel: directly return netlbl_unlabel_genl_init() net: add netdev_txq_bql_{enqueue, complete}_prefetchw() helpers net: description of dma_cookie cause make xmldocs warning cxgb4: clean up a type issue cxgb4: potential shift wrapping bug i40e: skb->xmit_more support net: fs_enet: Add NAPI TX net: fs_enet: Remove non NAPI RX r8169:add support for RTL8168EP net_sched: copy exts->type in tcf_exts_change() wimax: convert printk to pr_foo() af_unix: remove 0 assignment on static ipv6: Do not warn for informational ICMP messages, regardless of type. Update Intel Ethernet Driver maintainers list bridge: Save frag_max_size between PRE_ROUTING and POST_ROUTING tipc: fix bug in multicast congestion handling net: better IFF_XMIT_DST_RELEASE support net/mlx4_en: remove NETDEV_TX_BUSY 3c59x: fix bad split of cpu_to_le32(pci_map_single()) net: bcmgenet: fix Tx ring priority programming ...
2014-10-08Merge tag 'arm64-upstream' of ↵Linus Torvalds1-3/+3
git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/arm64/linux Pull arm64 updates from Catalin Marinas: - eBPF JIT compiler for arm64 - CPU suspend backend for PSCI (firmware interface) with standard idle states defined in DT (generic idle driver to be merged via a different tree) - Support for CONFIG_DEBUG_SET_MODULE_RONX - Support for unmapped cpu-release-addr (outside kernel linear mapping) - set_arch_dma_coherent_ops() implemented and bus notifiers removed - EFI_STUB improvements when base of DRAM is occupied - Typos in KGDB macros - Clean-up to (partially) allow kernel building with LLVM - Other clean-ups (extern keyword, phys_addr_t usage) * tag 'arm64-upstream' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/arm64/linux: (51 commits) arm64: Remove unneeded extern keyword ARM64: make of_device_ids const arm64: Use phys_addr_t type for physical address aarch64: filter $x from kallsyms arm64: Use DMA_ERROR_CODE to denote failed allocation arm64: Fix typos in KGDB macros arm64: insn: Add return statements after BUG_ON() arm64: debug: don't re-enable debug exceptions on return from el1_dbg Revert "arm64: dmi: Add SMBIOS/DMI support" arm64: Implement set_arch_dma_coherent_ops() to replace bus notifiers of: amba: use of_dma_configure for AMBA devices arm64: dmi: Add SMBIOS/DMI support arm64: Correct ftrace calls to aarch64_insn_gen_branch_imm() arm64:mm: initialize max_mapnr using function set_max_mapnr setup: Move unmask of async interrupts after possible earlycon setup arm64: LLVMLinux: Fix inline arm64 assembly for use with clang arm64: pageattr: Correctly adjust unaligned start addresses net: bpf: arm64: fix module memory leak when JIT image build fails arm64: add PSCI CPU_SUSPEND based cpu_suspend support arm64: kernel: introduce cpu_init_idle CPU operation ...
2014-10-07Merge branch 'for-linus' of ↵Linus Torvalds4-14/+3
git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/jikos/doc Pull documentation updates from Jiri Kosina: "Updates to kernel documentation. I took this over (hopefully temporarily) from Randy who was not willing to maintain it any longer. This pile mostly is a relay of queue that Randy already had in his tree" * 'for-linus' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/jikos/doc: Documentation: fix broken v4l-utils URL Documentation: update include path for mpssd Documentation: correct parameter error for dma_mapping_error MAINTAINERS: update location of linux-doc tree Documentation: remove networking/.gitignore tools: add more endian.h macros Make Documenation depend on headers_install Docs: this_cpu_ops: remove redundant add forms Documentation: disable vdso_test to avoid breakage with old glibc Documentation: update vDSO makefile to build portable examples Documentation: update .gitignore files Documentation: support glibc versions without htole macros v4l2-pci-skeleton: Only build if PCI is available Documentation: fix misc. warnings Documentation: make functions static to avoid prototype warnings Documentation: add makefiles for more targets Documentation: use subdir-y to avoid unnecessary built-in.o files
2014-10-07Merge tag 'dmaengine-3.17' of ↵Linus Torvalds1-6/+0
git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/djbw/dmaengine Pull dmaengine updates from Dan Williams: "Even though this has fixes marked for -stable, given the size and the needed conflict resolutions this is 3.18-rc1/merge-window material. These patches have been languishing in my tree for a long while. The fact that I do not have the time to do proper/prompt maintenance of this tree is a primary factor in the decision to step down as dmaengine maintainer. That and the fact that the bulk of drivers/dma/ activity is going through Vinod these days. The net_dma removal has not been in -next. It has developed simple conflicts against mainline and net-next (for-3.18). Continuing thanks to Vinod for staying on top of drivers/dma/. Summary: 1/ Step down as dmaengine maintainer see commit 08223d80df38 "dmaengine maintainer update" 2/ Removal of net_dma, as it has been marked 'broken' since 3.13 (commit 77873803363c "net_dma: mark broken"), without reports of performance regression. 3/ Miscellaneous fixes" * tag 'dmaengine-3.17' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/djbw/dmaengine: net: make tcp_cleanup_rbuf private net_dma: revert 'copied_early' net_dma: simple removal dmaengine maintainer update dmatest: prevent memory leakage on error path in thread ioat: Use time_before_jiffies() dmaengine: fix xor sources continuation dma: mv_xor: Rename __mv_xor_slot_cleanup() to mv_xor_slot_cleanup() dma: mv_xor: Remove all callers of mv_xor_slot_cleanup() dma: mv_xor: Remove unneeded mv_xor_clean_completed_slots() call ioat: Use pci_enable_msix_exact() instead of pci_enable_msix() drivers: dma: Include appropriate header file in dca.c drivers: dma: Mark functions as static in dma_v3.c dma: mv_xor: Add DMA API error checks ioat/dca: Use dev_is_pci() to check whether it is pci device
2014-10-01net: pktgen: packet bursting via skb->xmit_moreAlexei Starovoitov1-0/+3
This patch demonstrates the effect of delaying update of HW tailptr. (based on earlier patch by Jesper) burst=1 is the default. It sends one packet with xmit_more=false burst=2 sends one packet with xmit_more=true and 2nd copy of the same packet with xmit_more=false burst=3 sends two copies of the same packet with xmit_more=true and 3rd copy with xmit_more=false Performance with ixgbe (usec 30): burst=1 tx:9.2 Mpps burst=2 tx:13.5 Mpps burst=3 tx:14.5 Mpps full 10G line rate Signed-off-by: Alexei Starovoitov <ast@plumgrid.com> Signed-off-by: Eric Dumazet <edumazet@google.com> Acked-by: Jesper Dangaard Brouer <brouer@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
2014-09-29net: tcp: add DCTCP congestion control algorithmDaniel Borkmann1-0/+43
This work adds the DataCenter TCP (DCTCP) congestion control algorithm [1], which has been first published at SIGCOMM 2010 [2], resp. follow-up analysis at SIGMETRICS 2011 [3] (and also, more recently as an informational IETF draft available at [4]). DCTCP is an enhancement to the TCP congestion control algorithm for data center networks. Typical data center workloads are i.e. i) partition/aggregate (queries; bursty, delay sensitive), ii) short messages e.g. 50KB-1MB (for coordination and control state; delay sensitive), and iii) large flows e.g. 1MB-100MB (data update; throughput sensitive). DCTCP has therefore been designed for such environments to provide/achieve the following three requirements: * High burst tolerance (incast due to partition/aggregate) * Low latency (short flows, queries) * High throughput (continuous data updates, large file transfers) with commodity, shallow buffered switches The basic idea of its design consists of two fundamentals: i) on the switch side, packets are being marked when its internal queue length > threshold K (K is chosen so that a large enough headroom for marked traffic is still available in the switch queue); ii) the sender/host side maintains a moving average of the fraction of marked packets, so each RTT, F is being updated as follows: F := X / Y, where X is # of marked ACKs, Y is total # of ACKs alpha := (1 - g) * alpha + g * F, where g is a smoothing constant The resulting alpha (iow: probability that switch queue is congested) is then being used in order to adaptively decrease the congestion window W: W := (1 - (alpha / 2)) * W The means for receiving marked packets resp. marking them on switch side in DCTCP is the use of ECN. RFC3168 describes a mechanism for using Explicit Congestion Notification from the switch for early detection of congestion, rather than waiting for segment loss to occur. However, this method only detects the presence of congestion, not the *extent*. In the presence of mild congestion, it reduces the TCP congestion window too aggressively and unnecessarily affects the throughput of long flows [4]. DCTCP, as mentioned, enhances Explicit Congestion Notification (ECN) processing to estimate the fraction of bytes that encounter congestion, rather than simply detecting that some congestion has occurred. DCTCP then scales the TCP congestion window based on this estimate [4], thus it can derive multibit feedback from the information present in the single-bit sequence of marks in its control law. And thus act in *proportion* to the extent of congestion, not its *presence*. Switches therefore set the Congestion Experienced (CE) codepoint in packets when internal queue lengths exceed threshold K. Resulting, DCTCP delivers the same or better throughput than normal TCP, while using 90% less buffer space. It was found in [2] that DCTCP enables the applications to handle 10x the current background traffic, without impacting foreground traffic. Moreover, a 10x increase in foreground traffic did not cause any timeouts, and thus largely eliminates TCP incast collapse problems. The algorithm itself has already seen deployments in large production data centers since then. We did a long-term stress-test and analysis in a data center, short summary of our TCP incast tests with iperf compared to cubic: This test measured DCTCP throughput and latency and compared it with CUBIC throughput and latency for an incast scenario. In this test, 19 senders sent at maximum rate to a single receiver. The receiver simply ran iperf -s. The senders ran iperf -c <receiver> -t 30. All senders started simultaneously (using local clocks synchronized by ntp). This test was repeated multiple times. Below shows the results from a single test. Other tests are similar. (DCTCP results were extremely consistent, CUBIC results show some variance induced by the TCP timeouts that CUBIC encountered.) For this test, we report statistics on the number of TCP timeouts, flow throughput, and traffic latency. 1) Timeouts (total over all flows, and per flow summaries): CUBIC DCTCP Total 3227 25 Mean 169.842 1.316 Median 183 1 Max 207 5 Min 123 0 Stddev 28.991 1.600 Timeout data is taken by measuring the net change in netstat -s "other TCP timeouts" reported. As a result, the timeout measurements above are not restricted to the test traffic, and we believe that it is likely that all of the "DCTCP timeouts" are actually timeouts for non-test traffic. We report them nevertheless. CUBIC will also include some non-test timeouts, but they are drawfed by bona fide test traffic timeouts for CUBIC. Clearly DCTCP does an excellent job of preventing TCP timeouts. DCTCP reduces timeouts by at least two orders of magnitude and may well have eliminated them in this scenario. 2) Throughput (per flow in Mbps): CUBIC DCTCP Mean 521.684 521.895 Median 464 523 Max 776 527 Min 403 519 Stddev 105.891 2.601 Fairness 0.962 0.999 Throughput data was simply the average throughput for each flow reported by iperf. By avoiding TCP timeouts, DCTCP is able to achieve much better per-flow results. In CUBIC, many flows experience TCP timeouts which makes flow throughput unpredictable and unfair. DCTCP, on the other hand, provides very clean predictable throughput without incurring TCP timeouts. Thus, the standard deviation of CUBIC throughput is dramatically higher than the standard deviation of DCTCP throughput. Mean throughput is nearly identical because even though cubic flows suffer TCP timeouts, other flows will step in and fill the unused bandwidth. Note that this test is something of a best case scenario for incast under CUBIC: it allows other flows to fill in for flows experiencing a timeout. Under situations where the receiver is issuing requests and then waiting for all flows to complete, flows cannot fill in for timed out flows and throughput will drop dramatically. 3) Latency (in ms): CUBIC DCTCP Mean 4.0088 0.04219 Median 4.055 0.0395 Max 4.2 0.085 Min 3.32 0.028 Stddev 0.1666 0.01064 Latency for each protocol was computed by running "ping -i 0.2 <receiver>" from a single sender to the receiver during the incast test. For DCTCP, "ping -Q 0x6 -i 0.2 <receiver>" was used to ensure that traffic traversed the DCTCP queue and was not dropped when the queue size was greater than the marking threshold. The summary statistics above are over all ping metrics measured between the single sender, receiver pair. The latency results for this test show a dramatic difference between CUBIC and DCTCP. CUBIC intentionally overflows the switch buffer which incurs the maximum queue latency (more buffer memory will lead to high latency.) DCTCP, on the other hand, deliberately attempts to keep queue occupancy low. The result is a two orders of magnitude reduction of latency with DCTCP - even with a switch with relatively little RAM. Switches with larger amounts of RAM will incur increasing amounts of latency for CUBIC, but not for DCTCP. 4) Convergence and stability test: This test measured the time that DCTCP took to fairly redistribute bandwidth when a new flow commences. It also measured DCTCP's ability to remain stable at a fair bandwidth distribution. DCTCP is compared with CUBIC for this test. At the commencement of this test, a single flow is sending at maximum rate (near 10 Gbps) to a single receiver. One second after that first flow commences, a new flow from a distinct server begins sending to the same receiver as the first flow. After the second flow has sent data for 10 seconds, the second flow is terminated. The first flow sends for an additional second. Ideally, the bandwidth would be evenly shared as soon as the second flow starts, and recover as soon as it stops. The results of this test are shown below. Note that the flow bandwidth for the two flows was measured near the same time, but not simultaneously. DCTCP performs nearly perfectly within the measurement limitations of this test: bandwidth is quickly distributed fairly between the two flows, remains stable throughout the duration of the test, and recovers quickly. CUBIC, in contrast, is slow to divide the bandwidth fairly, and has trouble remaining stable. CUBIC DCTCP Seconds Flow 1 Flow 2 Seconds Flow 1 Flow 2 0 9.93 0 0 9.92 0 0.5 9.87 0 0.5 9.86 0 1 8.73 2.25 1 6.46 4.88 1.5 7.29 2.8 1.5 4.9 4.99 2 6.96 3.1 2 4.92 4.94 2.5 6.67 3.34 2.5 4.93 5 3 6.39 3.57 3 4.92 4.99 3.5 6.24 3.75 3.5 4.94 4.74 4 6 3.94 4 5.34 4.71 4.5 5.88 4.09 4.5 4.99 4.97 5 5.27 4.98 5 4.83 5.01 5.5 4.93 5.04 5.5 4.89 4.99 6 4.9 4.99 6 4.92 5.04 6.5 4.93 5.1 6.5 4.91 4.97 7 4.28 5.8 7 4.97 4.97 7.5 4.62 4.91 7.5 4.99 4.82 8 5.05 4.45 8 5.16 4.76 8.5 5.93 4.09 8.5 4.94 4.98 9 5.73 4.2 9 4.92 5.02 9.5 5.62 4.32 9.5 4.87 5.03 10 6.12 3.2 10 4.91 5.01 10.5 6.91 3.11 10.5 4.87 5.04 11 8.48 0 11 8.49 4.94 11.5 9.87 0 11.5 9.9 0 SYN/ACK ECT test: This test demonstrates the importance of ECT on SYN and SYN-ACK packets by measuring the connection probability in the presence of competing flows for a DCTCP connection attempt *without* ECT in the SYN packet. The test was repeated five times for each number of competing flows. Competing Flows 1 | 2 | 4 | 8 | 16 ------------------------------ Mean Connection Probability 1 | 0.67 | 0.45 | 0.28 | 0 Median Connection Probability 1 | 0.65 | 0.45 | 0.25 | 0 As the number of competing flows moves beyond 1, the connection probability drops rapidly. Enabling DCTCP with this patch requires the following steps: DCTCP must be running both on the sender and receiver side in your data center, i.e.: sysctl -w net.ipv4.tcp_congestion_control=dctcp Also, ECN functionality must be enabled on all switches in your data center for DCTCP to work. The default ECN marking threshold (K) heuristic on the switch for DCTCP is e.g., 20 packets (30KB) at 1Gbps, and 65 packets (~100KB) at 10Gbps (K > 1/7 * C * RTT, [4]). In above tests, for each switch port, traffic was segregated into two queues. For any packet with a DSCP of 0x01 - or equivalently a TOS of 0x04 - the packet was placed into the DCTCP queue. All other packets were placed into the default drop-tail queue. For the DCTCP queue, RED/ECN marking was enabled, here, with a marking threshold of 75 KB. More details however, we refer you to the paper [2] under section 3). There are no code changes required to applications running in user space. DCTCP has been implemented in full *isolation* of the rest of the TCP code as its own congestion control module, so that it can run without a need to expose code to the core of the TCP stack, and thus nothing changes for non-DCTCP users. Changes in the CA framework code are minimal, and DCTCP algorithm operates on mechanisms that are already available in most Silicon. The gain (dctcp_shift_g) is currently a fixed constant (1/16) from the paper, but we leave the option that it can be chosen carefully to a different value by the user. In case DCTCP is being used and ECN support on peer site is off, DCTCP falls back after 3WHS to operate in normal TCP Reno mode. ss {-4,-6} -t -i diag interface: ... dctcp wscale:7,7 rto:203 rtt:2.349/0.026 mss:1448 cwnd:2054 ssthresh:1102 ce_state 0 alpha 15 ab_ecn 0 ab_tot 735584 send 10129.2Mbps pacing_rate 20254.1Mbps unacked:1822 retrans:0/15 reordering:101 rcv_space:29200 ... dctcp-reno wscale:7,7 rto:201 rtt:0.711/1.327 ato:40 mss:1448 cwnd:10 ssthresh:1102 fallback_mode send 162.9Mbps pacing_rate 325.5Mbps rcv_rtt:1.5 rcv_space:29200 More information about DCTCP can be found in [1-4]. [1] http://simula.stanford.edu/~alizade/Site/DCTCP.html [2] http://simula.stanford.edu/~alizade/Site/DCTCP_files/dctcp-final.pdf [3] http://simula.stanford.edu/~alizade/Site/DCTCP_files/dctcp_analysis-full.pdf [4] http://tools.ietf.org/html/draft-bensley-tcpm-dctcp-00 Joint work with Florian Westphal and Glenn Judd. Signed-off-by: Daniel Borkmann <dborkman@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: Florian Westphal <fw@strlen.de> Signed-off-by: Glenn Judd <glenn.judd@morganstanley.com> Acked-by: Stephen Hemminger <stephen@networkplumber.org> Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
2014-09-28net_dma: simple removalDan Williams1-6/+0
Per commit "77873803363c net_dma: mark broken" net_dma is no longer used and there is no plan to fix it. This is the mechanical removal of bits in CONFIG_NET_DMA ifdef guards. Reverting the remainder of the net_dma induced changes is deferred to subsequent patches. Marked for stable due to Roman's report of a memory leak in dma_pin_iovec_pages(): https://lkml.org/lkml/2014/9/3/177 Cc: Dave Jiang <dave.jiang@intel.com> Cc: Vinod Koul <vinod.koul@intel.com> Cc: David Whipple <whipple@securedatainnovations.ch> Cc: Alexander Duyck <alexander.h.duyck@intel.com> Cc: <stable@vger.kernel.org> Reported-by: Roman Gushchin <klamm@yandex-team.ru> Acked-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net> Signed-off-by: Dan Williams <dan.j.williams@intel.com>
2014-09-26bpf: verifier (add docs)Alexei Starovoitov1-0/+224
this patch adds all of eBPF verfier documentation and empty bpf_check() The end goal for the verifier is to statically check safety of the program. Verifier will catch: - loops - out of range jumps - unreachable instructions - invalid instructions - uninitialized register access - uninitialized stack access - misaligned stack access - out of range stack access - invalid calling convention More details in Documentation/networking/filter.txt Signed-off-by: Alexei Starovoitov <ast@plumgrid.com> Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
2014-09-26bpf: introduce BPF syscall and mapsAlexei Starovoitov1-0/+39
BPF syscall is a multiplexor for a range of different operations on eBPF. This patch introduces syscall with single command to create a map. Next patch adds commands to access maps. 'maps' is a generic storage of different types for sharing data between kernel and userspace. Userspace example: /* this syscall wrapper creates a map with given type and attributes * and returns map_fd on success. * use close(map_fd) to delete the map */ int bpf_create_map(enum bpf_map_type map_type, int key_size, int value_size, int max_entries) { union bpf_attr attr = { .map_type = map_type, .key_size = key_size, .value_size = value_size, .max_entries = max_entries }; return bpf(BPF_MAP_CREATE, &attr, sizeof(attr)); } 'union bpf_attr' is backwards compatible with future extensions. More details in Documentation/networking/filter.txt and in manpage Signed-off-by: Alexei Starovoitov <ast@plumgrid.com> Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
2014-09-26Documentation: remove networking/.gitignorePeter Foley1-0/+0
Remove empty networking/.gitignore Signed-off-by: Peter Foley <pefoley2@pefoley.com> Cc: rdunlap@infradead.org Cc: linux-doc@vger.kernel.org Signed-off-by: Randy Dunlap <rdunlap@infradead.org> Signed-off-by: Jiri Kosina <jkosina@suse.cz>
2014-09-26Documentation: update .gitignore filesPeter Foley1-0/+1
Add some missing files to .gitignore. Push Documentation/.gitignore down into subdirectories. Signed-off-by: Peter Foley <pefoley2@pefoley.com> Signed-off-by: Randy Dunlap <rdunlap@infradead.org> Signed-off-by: Jiri Kosina <jkosina@suse.cz>
2014-09-26Documentation: add makefiles for more targetsPeter Foley1-4/+1
Add a bunch of previously unbuilt source files to the Documentation build machinery. Signed-off-by: Peter Foley <pefoley2@pefoley.com> Signed-off-by: Randy Dunlap <rdunlap@infradead.org> Signed-off-by: Jiri Kosina <jkosina@suse.cz>
2014-09-26Documentation: use subdir-y to avoid unnecessary built-in.o filesPeter Foley2-10/+1
Change the Documentation makefiles from obj-m to subdir-y to avoid generating unnecessary built-in.o files since nothing in Documentation/ is ever linked in to vmlinux. Signed-off-by: Peter Foley <pefoley2@pefoley.com> Acked-by: Sam Ravnborg <sam@ravnborg.org> Signed-off-by: Randy Dunlap <rdunlap@infradead.org> Signed-off-by: Jiri Kosina <jkosina@suse.cz>
2014-09-23icmp: add a global rate limitationEric Dumazet1-0/+13
Current ICMP rate limiting uses inetpeer cache, which is an RBL tree protected by a lock, meaning that hosts can be stuck hard if all cpus want to check ICMP limits. When say a DNS or NTP server process is restarted, inetpeer tree grows quick and machine comes to its knees. iptables can not help because the bottleneck happens before ICMP messages are even cooked and sent. This patch adds a new global limitation, using a token bucket filter, controlled by two new sysctl : icmp_msgs_per_sec - INTEGER Limit maximal number of ICMP packets sent per second from this host. Only messages whose type matches icmp_ratemask are controlled by this limit. Default: 1000 icmp_msgs_burst - INTEGER icmp_msgs_per_sec controls number of ICMP packets sent per second, while icmp_msgs_burst controls the burst size of these packets. Default: 50 Note that if we really want to send millions of ICMP messages per second, we might extend idea and infra added in commit 04ca6973f7c1a ("ip: make IP identifiers less predictable") : add a token bucket in the ip_idents hash and no longer rely on inetpeer. Signed-off-by: Eric Dumazet <edumazet@google.com> Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
2014-09-23Merge git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/davem/netDavid S. Miller1-3/+3
Conflicts: arch/mips/net/bpf_jit.c drivers/net/can/flexcan.c Both the flexcan and MIPS bpf_jit conflicts were cases of simple overlapping changes. Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
2014-09-12Revert "ipv4: Clarify in docs that accept_local requires rp_filter."Sébastien Barré1-8/+3
This reverts commit c801e3cc1925 ("ipv4: Clarify in docs that accept_local requires rp_filter."). It is not needed anymore since commit 1dced6a85482 ("ipv4: Restore accept_local behaviour in fib_validate_source()"). Suggested-by: Julian Anastasov <ja@ssi.bg> Cc: Gregory Detal <gregory.detal@uclouvain.be> Cc: Christoph Paasch <christoph.paasch@uclouvain.be> Cc: Hannes Frederic Sowa <hannes@redhat.com> Cc: Sergei Shtylyov <sergei.shtylyov@cogentembedded.com> Signed-off-by: Sébastien Barré <sebastien.barre@uclouvain.be> Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
2014-09-10Documentation: filter: Add MIPS to architectures with BPF JITMarkos Chandras1-3/+3
MIPS supports BPF JIT since v3.16-rc1 Cc: Randy Dunlap <rdunlap@infradead.org> Cc: "David S. Miller" <davem@davemloft.net> Cc: Daniel Borkmann <dborkman@redhat.com> Cc: Alexei Starovoitov <ast@plumgrid.com> Cc: linux-doc@vger.kernel.org Cc: linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org Acked-by: Daniel Borkmann <dborkman@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: Markos Chandras <markos.chandras@imgtec.com> Acked-by: Alexei Starovoitov <ast@plumgrid.com> Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
2014-09-09net: filter: add "load 64-bit immediate" eBPF instructionAlexei Starovoitov1-1/+7
add BPF_LD_IMM64 instruction to load 64-bit immediate value into a register. All previous instructions were 8-byte. This is first 16-byte instruction. Two consecutive 'struct bpf_insn' blocks are interpreted as single instruction: insn[0].code = BPF_LD | BPF_DW | BPF_IMM insn[0].dst_reg = destination register insn[0].imm = lower 32-bit insn[1].code = 0 insn[1].imm = upper 32-bit All unused fields must be zero. Classic BPF has similar instruction: BPF_LD | BPF_W | BPF_IMM which loads 32-bit immediate value into a register. x64 JITs it as single 'movabsq %rax, imm64' arm64 may JIT as sequence of four 'movk x0, #imm16, lsl #shift' insn Note that old eBPF programs are binary compatible with new interpreter. It helps eBPF programs load 64-bit constant into a register with one instruction instead of using two registers and 4 instructions: BPF_MOV32_IMM(R1, imm32) BPF_ALU64_IMM(BPF_LSH, R1, 32) BPF_MOV32_IMM(R2, imm32) BPF_ALU64_REG(BPF_OR, R1, R2) User space generated programs will use this instruction to load constants only. To tell kernel that user space needs a pointer the _pseudo_ variant of this instruction may be added later, which will use extra bits of encoding to indicate what type of pointer user space is asking kernel to provide. For example 'off' or 'src_reg' fields can be used for such purpose. src_reg = 1 could mean that user space is asking kernel to validate and load in-kernel map pointer. src_reg = 2 could mean that user space needs readonly data section pointer src_reg = 3 could mean that user space needs a pointer to per-cpu local data All such future pseudo instructions will not be carrying the actual pointer as part of the instruction, but rather will be treated as a request to kernel to provide one. The kernel will verify the request_for_a_pointer, then will drop _pseudo_ marking and will store actual internal pointer inside the instruction, so the end result is the interpreter and JITs never see pseudo BPF_LD_IMM64 insns and only operate on generic BPF_LD_IMM64 that loads 64-bit immediate into a register. User space never operates on direct pointers and verifier can easily recognize request_for_pointer vs other instructions. Signed-off-by: Alexei Starovoitov <ast@plumgrid.com> Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
2014-09-08arm64: eBPF JIT compilerZi Shen Lim1-3/+3
The JIT compiler emits A64 instructions. It supports eBPF only. Legacy BPF is supported thanks to conversion by BPF core. JIT is enabled in the same way as for other architectures: echo 1 > /proc/sys/net/core/bpf_jit_enable Or for additional compiler output: echo 2 > /proc/sys/net/core/bpf_jit_enable See Documentation/networking/filter.txt for more information. The implementation passes all 57 tests in lib/test_bpf.c on ARMv8 Foundation Model :) Also tested by Will on Juno platform. Signed-off-by: Zi Shen Lim <zlim.lnx@gmail.com> Acked-by: Alexei Starovoitov <ast@plumgrid.com> Acked-by: Will Deacon <will.deacon@arm.com> Signed-off-by: Will Deacon <will.deacon@arm.com>
2014-09-05net-timestamp: fix allocation error in testWillem de Bruijn1-1/+0
A buffer is incorrectly zeroed to the length of the pointer. If cfg_payload_len < sizeof(void *) this can overwrites unrelated memory. The buffer contents are never read, so no need to zero. Fixes: 8fe2f761cae9 ("net-timestamp: expand documentation") Reported-by: Daniel Borkmann <dborkman@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: Willem de Bruijn <willemb@google.com> Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
2014-09-04ipv4: implement igmp_qrv sysctl to tune igmp robustness variableHannes Frederic Sowa1-0/+5
As in IPv6 people might increase the igmp query robustness variable to make sure unsolicited state change reports aren't lost on the network. Add and document this new knob to igmp code. RFCs allow tuning this parameter back to first IGMP RFC, so we also use this setting for all counters, including source specific multicast. Also take over sysctl value when upping the interface and don't reuse the last one seen on the interface. Cc: Flavio Leitner <fbl@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: Hannes Frederic Sowa <hannes@stressinduktion.org> Acked-by: Flavio Leitner <fbl@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
2014-09-04ipv6: add sysctl_mld_qrv to configure query robustness variableHannes Frederic Sowa1-0/+5
This patch adds a new sysctl_mld_qrv knob to configure the mldv1/v2 query robustness variable. It specifies how many retransmit of unsolicited mld retransmit should happen. Admins might want to tune this on lossy links. Also reset mld state on interface down/up, so we pick up new sysctl settings during interface up event. IPv6 certification requests this knob to be available. I didn't make this knob netns specific, as it is mostly a setting in a physical environment and should be per host. Cc: Flavio Leitner <fbl@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: Hannes Frederic Sowa <hannes@stressinduktion.org> Acked-by: Flavio Leitner <fbl@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
2014-09-01net-timestamp: expand documentationWillem de Bruijn3-84/+764
Expand Documentation/networking/timestamping.txt with new interfaces and bytestream timestamping. Also minor cleanup of the other text. Import txtimestamp.c test of the new features. Signed-off-by: Willem de Bruijn <willemb@google.com> Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
2014-08-25neigh: document gc_thresh2stephen hemminger1-0/+6
Missing documentation for gc_thresh2 sysctl. Signed-off-by: Stephen Hemminger <stephen@networkplumber.org> Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
2014-08-02i40e: adds FCoE to build and updates its documentationVasu Dev1-2/+5
Adds newly added FCoE files to the build but only if FCoE module is configured. Also, updates i40e document for added FCoE support. Signed-off-by: Vasu Dev <vasu.dev@intel.com> Tested-by: Jack Morgan<jack.morgan@intel.com> Signed-off-by: Aaron Brown <aaron.f.brown@intel.com> Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
2014-08-02net: filter: split 'struct sk_filter' into socket and bpf partsAlexei Starovoitov1-5/+5
clean up names related to socket filtering and bpf in the following way: - everything that deals with sockets keeps 'sk_*' prefix - everything that is pure BPF is changed to 'bpf_*' prefix split 'struct sk_filter' into struct sk_filter { atomic_t refcnt; struct rcu_head rcu; struct bpf_prog *prog; }; and struct bpf_prog { u32 jited:1, len:31; struct sock_fprog_kern *orig_prog; unsigned int (*bpf_func)(const struct sk_buff *skb, const struct bpf_insn *filter); union { struct sock_filter insns[0]; struct bpf_insn insnsi[0]; struct work_struct work; }; }; so that 'struct bpf_prog' can be used independent of sockets and cleans up 'unattached' bpf use cases split SK_RUN_FILTER macro into: SK_RUN_FILTER to be used with 'struct sk_filter *' and BPF_PROG_RUN to be used with 'struct bpf_prog *' __sk_filter_release(struct sk_filter *) gains __bpf_prog_release(struct bpf_prog *) helper function also perform related renames for the functions that work with 'struct bpf_prog *', since they're on the same lines: sk_filter_size -> bpf_prog_size sk_filter_select_runtime -> bpf_prog_select_runtime sk_filter_free -> bpf_prog_free sk_unattached_filter_create -> bpf_prog_create sk_unattached_filter_destroy -> bpf_prog_destroy sk_store_orig_filter -> bpf_prog_store_orig_filter sk_release_orig_filter -> bpf_release_orig_filter __sk_migrate_filter -> bpf_migrate_filter __sk_prepare_filter -> bpf_prepare_filter API for attaching classic BPF to a socket stays the same: sk_attach_filter(prog, struct sock *)/sk_detach_filter(struct sock *) and SK_RUN_FILTER(struct sk_filter *, ctx) to execute a program which is used by sockets, tun, af_packet API for 'unattached' BPF programs becomes: bpf_prog_create(struct bpf_prog **)/bpf_prog_destroy(struct bpf_prog *) and BPF_PROG_RUN(struct bpf_prog *, ctx) to execute a program which is used by isdn, ppp, team, seccomp, ptp, xt_bpf, cls_bpf, test_bpf Signed-off-by: Alexei Starovoitov <ast@plumgrid.com> Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
2014-08-02net: filter: rename sk_chk_filter() -> bpf_check_classic()Alexei Starovoitov1-1/+1
trivial rename to indicate that this functions performs classic BPF checking Signed-off-by: Alexei Starovoitov <ast@plumgrid.com> Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
2014-07-30Documentation: networking: phy.txt: Update text for indirect MMD accessVince Bridgers1-1/+17
Update the PHY library documentation to describe how a specific PHY driver can use the PAL MMD register access routines or override those routines with it's own in the event the PHY does not support the IEEE standard for reading and writing MMD phy registers. Signed-off-by: Vince Bridgers <vbridgers2013@gmail.com> Reviewed-by: Florian Fainelli <f.fainelli@gmail.com> Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
2014-07-29net: remove deprecated syststamp timestampWillem de Bruijn2-16/+3
The SO_TIMESTAMPING API defines three types of timestamps: software, hardware in raw format (hwtstamp) and hardware converted to system format (syststamp). The last has been deprecated in favor of combining hwtstamp with a PTP clock driver. There are no active users in the kernel. The option was device driver dependent. If set, but without hardware support, the correct behavior is to return zero in the relevant field in the SCM_TIMESTAMPING ancillary message. Without device drivers implementing the option, this field is effectively always zero. Remove the internal plumbing to dissuage new drivers from implementing the feature. Keep the SOF_TIMESTAMPING_SYS_HARDWARE flag, however, to avoid breaking existing applications that request the timestamp. Signed-off-by: Willem de Bruijn <willemb@google.com> Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
2014-07-29packet: remove deprecated syststamp timestampWillem de Bruijn1-12/+6
No device driver will ever return an skb_shared_info structure with syststamp non-zero, so remove the branch that tests for this and optionally marks the packet timestamp as TP_STATUS_TS_SYS_HARDWARE. Do not remove the definition TP_STATUS_TS_SYS_HARDWARE, as processes may refer to it. Signed-off-by: Willem de Bruijn <willemb@google.com> Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
2014-07-27inet: frag: set limits and make init_net's high_thresh limit globalNikolay Aleksandrov1-1/+2
This patch makes init_net's high_thresh limit to be the maximum for all namespaces, thus introducing a global memory limit threshold equal to the sum of the individual high_thresh limits which are capped. It also introduces some sane minimums for low_thresh as it shouldn't be able to drop below 0 (or > high_thresh in the unsigned case), and overall low_thresh should not ever be above high_thresh, so we make the following relations for a namespace: init_net: high_thresh - max(not capped), min(init_net low_thresh) low_thresh - max(init_net high_thresh), min (0) all other namespaces: high_thresh = max(init_net high_thresh), min(namespace's low_thresh) low_thresh = max(namespace's high_thresh), min(0) The major issue with having low_thresh > high_thresh is that we'll schedule eviction but never evict anything and thus rely only on the timers. Signed-off-by: Nikolay Aleksandrov <nikolay@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
2014-07-27inet: frag: remove periodic secret rebuild timerFlorian Westphal1-10/+0
merge functionality into the eviction workqueue. Instead of rebuilding every n seconds, take advantage of the upper hash chain length limit. If we hit it, mark table for rebuild and schedule workqueue. To prevent frequent rebuilds when we're completely overloaded, don't rebuild more than once every 5 seconds. ipfrag_secret_interval sysctl is now obsolete and has been marked as deprecated, it still can be changed so scripts won't be broken but it won't have any effect. A comment is left above each unused secret_timer variable to avoid confusion. Joint work with Nikolay Aleksandrov. Signed-off-by: Florian Westphal <fw@strlen.de> Signed-off-by: Nikolay Aleksandrov <nikolay@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
2014-07-27inet: frag: move eviction of queues to work queueFlorian Westphal1-1/+3
When the high_thresh limit is reached we try to toss the 'oldest' incomplete fragment queues until memory limits are below the low_thresh value. This happens in softirq/packet processing context. This has two drawbacks: 1) processors might evict a queue that was about to be completed by another cpu, because they will compete wrt. resource usage and resource reclaim. 2) LRU list maintenance is expensive. But when constantly overloaded, even the 'least recently used' element is recent, so removing 'lru' queue first is not 'fairer' than removing any other fragment queue. This moves eviction out of the fast path: When the low threshold is reached, a work queue is scheduled which then iterates over the table and removes the queues that exceed the memory limits of the namespace. It sets a new flag called INET_FRAG_EVICTED on the evicted queues so the proper counters will get incremented when the queue is forcefully expired. When the high threshold is reached, no more fragment queues are created until we're below the limit again. The LRU list is now unused and will be removed in a followup patch. Joint work with Nikolay Aleksandrov. Suggested-by: Eric Dumazet <edumazet@google.com> Signed-off-by: Florian Westphal <fw@strlen.de> Signed-off-by: Nikolay Aleksandrov <nikolay@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
2014-07-17bonding: update bonding.txt for Layer2 hash factorsJianhua Xie1-15/+16
Document the Layer 2 hash factors with packet type ID field. CC: Jay Vosburgh <j.vosburgh@gmail.com> CC: Veaceslav Falico <vfalico@gmail.com> CC: Andy Gospodarek <andy@greyhouse.net> CC: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net> CC: Pan Jiafei <Jiafei.Pan@freescale.com> Signed-off-by: Jianhua Xie <jianhua.xie@freescale.com> Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
2014-07-15net-timestamp: document deprecated syststampWillem de Bruijn1-2/+8
The SO_TIMESTAMPING API defines option SOF_TIMESTAMPING_SYS_HW. This feature is deprecated. It should not be implemented by new device drivers. Existing drivers do not implement it, either -- with one exception. Driver developers are encouraged to expose the NIC hw clock as a PTP HW clock source, instead, and synchronize system time to the HW source. The control flag cannot be removed due to being part of the ABI, nor can the structure scm_timestamping that is returned. Due to the one legacy driver, the internal datapath and structure are not removed. This patch only clearly marks the interface as deprecated. Device drivers should always return a syststamp value of zero. Signed-off-by: Willem de Bruijn <willemb@google.com> ---- We can consider adding a WARN_ON_ONCE in__sock_recv_timestamp if non-zero syststamp is encountered Acked-by: Richard Cochran <richardcochran@gmail.com> Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>

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