path: root/Documentation/x86
AgeCommit message (Collapse)AuthorFilesLines
2013-04-11x86, early-printk: Update earlyprintk documentation (and kill x86 copy)Dave Hansen1-14/+0
Documentation/kernel-parameters.txt and Documentation/x86/x86_64/boot-options.txt contain virtually identical text describing earlyprintk. This consolidates the two copies and updates the documentation a bit. No one ever documented the: earlyprintk=serial,0x1008,115200 syntax, nor mentioned that ARM is now a supported earlyprintk arch. Signed-off-by: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@linux.intel.com> Cc: Rob Landley <rob@landley.net> Cc: Catalin Marinas <catalin.marinas@arm.com> Cc: Dave Hansen <dave@sr71.net> Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20130410210338.E2930E98@viggo.jf.intel.com Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>
2013-02-22Merge branch 'x86/microcode' of ↵Linus Torvalds1-0/+43
git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/tip/tip Pull x86 microcode loading update from Peter Anvin: "This patchset lets us update the CPU microcode very, very early in initialization if the BIOS fails to do so (never happens, right?) This is handy for dealing with things like the Atom erratum where we have to run without PSE because microcode loading happens too late. As I mentioned in the x86/mm push request it depends on that infrastructure but it is otherwise a standalone feature." * 'x86/microcode' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/tip/tip: x86/Kconfig: Make early microcode loading a configuration feature x86/mm/init.c: Copy ucode from initrd image to kernel memory x86/head64.c: Early update ucode in 64-bit x86/head_32.S: Early update ucode in 32-bit x86/microcode_intel_early.c: Early update ucode on Intel's CPU x86/tlbflush.h: Define __native_flush_tlb_global_irq_disabled() x86/microcode_intel_lib.c: Early update ucode on Intel's CPU x86/microcode_core_early.c: Define interfaces for early loading ucode x86/common.c: load ucode in 64 bit or show loading ucode info in 32 bit on AP x86/common.c: Make have_cpuid_p() a global function x86/microcode_intel.h: Define functions and macros for early loading ucode x86, doc: Documentation for early microcode loading
2013-02-21Merge branch 'x86-mm-for-linus' of ↵Linus Torvalds1-0/+38
git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/tip/tip Pull x86 mm changes from Peter Anvin: "This is a huge set of several partly interrelated (and concurrently developed) changes, which is why the branch history is messier than one would like. The *really* big items are two humonguous patchsets mostly developed by Yinghai Lu at my request, which completely revamps the way we create initial page tables. In particular, rather than estimating how much memory we will need for page tables and then build them into that memory -- a calculation that has shown to be incredibly fragile -- we now build them (on 64 bits) with the aid of a "pseudo-linear mode" -- a #PF handler which creates temporary page tables on demand. This has several advantages: 1. It makes it much easier to support things that need access to data very early (a followon patchset uses this to load microcode way early in the kernel startup). 2. It allows the kernel and all the kernel data objects to be invoked from above the 4 GB limit. This allows kdump to work on very large systems. 3. It greatly reduces the difference between Xen and native (Xen's equivalent of the #PF handler are the temporary page tables created by the domain builder), eliminating a bunch of fragile hooks. The patch series also gets us a bit closer to W^X. Additional work in this pull is the 64-bit get_user() work which you were also involved with, and a bunch of cleanups/speedups to __phys_addr()/__pa()." * 'x86-mm-for-linus' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/tip/tip: (105 commits) x86, mm: Move reserving low memory later in initialization x86, doc: Clarify the use of asm("%edx") in uaccess.h x86, mm: Redesign get_user with a __builtin_choose_expr hack x86: Be consistent with data size in getuser.S x86, mm: Use a bitfield to mask nuisance get_user() warnings x86/kvm: Fix compile warning in kvm_register_steal_time() x86-32: Add support for 64bit get_user() x86-32, mm: Remove reference to alloc_remap() x86-32, mm: Remove reference to resume_map_numa_kva() x86-32, mm: Rip out x86_32 NUMA remapping code x86/numa: Use __pa_nodebug() instead x86: Don't panic if can not alloc buffer for swiotlb mm: Add alloc_bootmem_low_pages_nopanic() x86, 64bit, mm: hibernate use generic mapping_init x86, 64bit, mm: Mark data/bss/brk to nx x86: Merge early kernel reserve for 32bit and 64bit x86: Add Crash kernel low reservation x86, kdump: Remove crashkernel range find limit for 64bit memblock: Add memblock_mem_size() x86, boot: Not need to check setup_header version for setup_data ...
2013-02-21Merge branch 'for-linus' of ↵Linus Torvalds1-4/+0
git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/jikos/trivial Pull trivial tree from Jiri Kosina: "Assorted tiny fixes queued in trivial tree" * 'for-linus' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/jikos/trivial: (22 commits) DocBook: update EXPORT_SYMBOL entry to point at export.h Documentation: update top level 00-INDEX file with new additions ARM: at91/ide: remove unsused at91-ide Kconfig entry percpu_counter.h: comment code for better readability x86, efi: fix comment typo in head_32.S IB: cxgb3: delay freeing mem untill entirely done with it net: mvneta: remove unneeded version.h include time: x86: report_lost_ticks doesn't exist any more pcmcia: avoid static analysis complaint about use-after-free fs/jfs: Fix typo in comment : 'how may' -> 'how many' of: add missing documentation for of_platform_populate() btrfs: remove unnecessary cur_trans set before goto loop in join_transaction sound: soc: Fix typo in sound/codecs treewide: Fix typo in various drivers btrfs: fix comment typos Update ibmvscsi module name in Kconfig. powerpc: fix typo (utilties -> utilities) of: fix spelling mistake in comment h8300: Fix home page URL in h8300/README xtensa: Fix home page URL in Kconfig ...
2013-02-08x86, doc: Add a bootloader ID for OVMFH. Peter Anvin1-0/+1
OVMF (an implementation of UEFI based on TianoCore used in virtual environments) now has the ability to boot Linux natively; this is used for "qemu -kernel" and similar things in a UEFI environment. Accordingly, assign it a bootloader ID. Signed-off-by: H. Peter Anvin <hpa@linux.intel.com> Cc: David Woodhouse <dwmw2@infradead.org>
2013-01-31x86, doc: Boot protocol 2.12 is in 3.8H. Peter Anvin1-1/+1
The boot protocol 2.12 changes were pulled for 3.8, so update the documentation accordingly. Signed-off-by: H. Peter Anvin <hpa@linux.intel.com>
2013-01-31x86, doc: Documentation for early microcode loadingFenghua Yu1-0/+43
Documenation for early loading microcode methodology. Signed-off-by: Fenghua Yu <fenghua.yu@intel.com> Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/1356075872-3054-2-git-send-email-fenghua.yu@intel.com Signed-off-by: H. Peter Anvin <hpa@linux.intel.com>
2013-01-29x86, boot: Update comments about entries for 64bit imageYinghai Lu1-0/+38
Now 64bit entry is fixed on 0x200, can not be changed anymore. Update the comments to reflect that. Also put info about it in boot.txt -v2: fix some grammar error Signed-off-by: Yinghai Lu <yinghai@kernel.org> Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/1359058816-7615-27-git-send-email-yinghai@kernel.org Cc: Rob Landley <rob@landley.net> Cc: Matt Fleming <matt.fleming@intel.com> Signed-off-by: H. Peter Anvin <hpa@linux.intel.com>
2013-01-29Merge branch 'master' into for-nextJiri Kosina1-3/+4
Conflicts: drivers/devfreq/exynos4_bus.c Sync with Linus' tree to be able to apply patches that are against newer code (mvneta).
2013-01-27x86, boot: Define the 2.12 bzImage boot protocolH. Peter Anvin2-1/+30
Define the 2.12 bzImage boot protocol: add xloadflags and additional fields to allow the command line, initramfs and struct boot_params to live above the 4 GiB mark. The xloadflags now communicates if this is a 64-bit kernel with the legacy 64-bit entry point and which of the EFI handover entry points are supported. Avoid adding new read flags to loadflags because of claimed bootloaders testing the whole byte for == 1 to determine bzImageness at least until the issue can be researched further. This is based on patches by Yinghai Lu and David Woodhouse. Originally-by: Yinghai Lu <yinghai@kernel.org> Originally-by: David Woodhouse <dwmw2@infradead.org> Acked-by: Yinghai Lu <yinghai@kernel.org> Acked-by: David Woodhouse <dwmw2@infradead.org> Acked-by: Matt Fleming <matt.fleming@intel.com> Signed-off-by: H. Peter Anvin <hpa@linux.intel.com> Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/1359058816-7615-26-git-send-email-yinghai@kernel.org Cc: Rob Landley <rob@landley.net> Cc: Gokul Caushik <caushik1@gmail.com> Cc: Josh Triplett <josh@joshtriplett.org> Cc: Joe Millenbach <jmillenbach@gmail.com>
2013-01-23time: x86: report_lost_ticks doesn't exist any moreJiri Kosina1-4/+0
'report_lost_ticks' parameter has been removed back in 2007 through 1489939f0ab ("time: x86_64: convert x86_64 to use GENERIC_TIME"). Signed-off-by: Jiri Kosina <jkosina@suse.cz>
2012-12-19Merge branch 'x86-urgent-for-linus' of ↵Linus Torvalds1-1/+2
git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/tip/tip Pull small x86 fixes from Peter Anvin: "A collection of very small fixes, mostly pure documentation." * 'x86-urgent-for-linus' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/tip/tip: x86, doc: Document that bootloader ID 4 is used also by iPXE x86, doc: Add a formal bootloader ID for kexec-tools x86, 8042: Enable A20 using KBC to fix S3 resume on some MSI laptops
2012-12-12x86, doc: Document that bootloader ID 4 is used also by iPXEH. Peter Anvin1-1/+1
Etherboot -> gPXE -> iPXE... Signed-off-by: H. Peter Anvin <hpa@linux.intel.com> Cc: Michael Brown <mbrown@fensystems.co.uk>
2012-12-12x86, doc: Add a formal bootloader ID for kexec-toolsH. Peter Anvin1-0/+1
Add bootloader id D for kexec-tools (it is kexec-tools, not the kexec system call, that builds the data structures, therefore it is kexec-tools which is the "bootloader" for this purpose.) Signed-off-by: H. Peter Anvin <hpa@linux.intel.com> Cc: Eric W. Biederman <ebiederm@xmission.com> Cc: Yinghai Lu <yinghai@kernel.org> Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/50C95832.5030306@zytor.com
2012-10-26x86/boot/doc: Fix grammar and typo in boot.txtKees Cook1-2/+2
Fixes some minor issues in the x86 boot documentation. Signed-off-by: Kees Cook <keescook@chromium.org> Cc: Rob Landley <rob@landley.net> Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20121026031702.GA23828@www.outflux.net Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>
2012-09-27x86/mce: Provide boot argument to honour bios-set CMCI thresholdNaveen N. Rao1-0/+7
The ACPI spec doesn't provide for a way for the bios to pass down recommended thresholds to the OS on a _per-bank_ basis. This patch adds a new boot option, which if passed, tells Linux to use CMCI thresholds set by the bios. As fail-safe, we initialize threshold to 1 if some banks have not been initialized by the bios and warn the user. Signed-off-by: Naveen N. Rao <naveen.n.rao@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Signed-off-by: Tony Luck <tony.luck@intel.com>
2012-07-26Merge branch 'x86-efi-for-linus' of ↵Linus Torvalds1-0/+41
git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/tip/tip Pul x86/efi changes from Ingo Molnar: "This tree adds an EFI bootloader handover protocol, which, once supported on the bootloader side, will make bootup faster and might result in simpler bootloaders. The other change activates the EFI wall clock time accessors on x86-64 as well, instead of the legacy RTC readout." * 'x86-efi-for-linus' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/tip/tip: x86, efi: Handover Protocol x86-64/efi: Use EFI to deal with platform wall clock
2012-07-23x86, doc: Assign a bootloader ID for "Minimal Linux Bootloader"H. Peter Anvin1-1/+4
Assign a bootloader ID for Sebastian Plotz' "Minimal Linux Bootloader" (http://sebastian-plotz.blogspot.de). Sebastian has agreed to make this the pilot for the use of extended boot loader IDs, so this is assigned version ID 0x11 (avoid assigning 0x10 for now to catch bugs with people putting E in the primary ID but leaving the extended ID as zero.) Signed-off-by: H. Peter Anvin <hpa@linux.intel.com> Cc: Sebastian Plotz <sebastian-plotz@web.de> Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/n/tip-nq318h0okuaem8x9dpv9854k@git.kernel.org
2012-07-20x86, efi: Handover ProtocolMatt Fleming1-0/+41
As things currently stand, traditional EFI boot loaders and the EFI boot stub are carrying essentially the same initialisation code required to setup an EFI machine for booting a kernel. There's really no need to have this code in two places and the hope is that, with this new protocol, initialisation and booting of the kernel can be left solely to the kernel's EFI boot stub. The responsibilities of the boot loader then become, o Loading the kernel image from boot media File system code still needs to be carried by boot loaders for the scenario where the kernel and initrd files reside on a file system that the EFI firmware doesn't natively understand, such as ext4, etc. o Providing a user interface Boot loaders still need to display any menus/interfaces, for example to allow the user to select from a list of kernels. Bump the boot protocol number because we added the 'handover_offset' field to indicate the location of the handover protocol entry point. Cc: H. Peter Anvin <hpa@zytor.com> Cc: Peter Jones <pjones@redhat.com> Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org> Signed-off-by: Matt Fleming <matt.fleming@intel.com> Acked-and-Tested-by: Matthew Garrett <mjg@redhat.com> Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/1342689828-16815-1-git-send-email-matt@console-pimps.org Signed-off-by: H. Peter Anvin <hpa@zytor.com>
2012-06-01x86, efi: Add EFI boot stub documentationMatt Fleming1-0/+65
Since we can't expect every user to read the EFI boot stub code it seems prudent to have a couple of paragraphs explaining what it is and how it works. The "initrd=" option in particular is tricky because it only understands absolute EFI-style paths (backslashes as directory separators), and until now this hasn't been documented anywhere. This has tripped up a couple of users. Cc: Matthew Garrett <mjg@redhat.com> Cc: Randy Dunlap <rdunlap@xenotime.net> Signed-off-by: Matt Fleming <matt.fleming@intel.com> Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/1331907517-3985-4-git-send-email-matt@console-pimps.org Signed-off-by: H. Peter Anvin <hpa@zytor.com>
2011-08-16x86-64, doc: Remove int 0xcc from entry_64.S documentationCesar Eduardo Barros1-3/+0
Commit 3ae36655b97a03fa1decf72f04078ef945647c1a (x86-64: Rework vsyscall emulation and add vsyscall= parameter) removed the special use of the 0xcc IDT vector. Remove it from Documentation/x86/entry_64.txt also. Signed-off-by: Cesar Eduardo Barros <cesarb@cesarb.net> Acked-by: Andy Lutomirski <luto@MIT.EDU> Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/1313447210-9149-1-git-send-email-cesarb@cesarb.net Signed-off-by: H. Peter Anvin <hpa@linux.intel.com>
2011-07-22Merge branch 'x86-vdso-for-linus' of ↵Linus Torvalds1-0/+98
git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/tip/linux-2.6-tip * 'x86-vdso-for-linus' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/tip/linux-2.6-tip: x86-64, vdso: Do not allocate memory for the vDSO clocksource: Change __ARCH_HAS_CLOCKSOURCE_DATA to a CONFIG option x86, vdso: Drop now wrong comment Document the vDSO and add a reference parser ia64: Replace clocksource.fsys_mmio with generic arch data x86-64: Move vread_tsc and vread_hpet into the vDSO clocksource: Replace vread with generic arch data x86-64: Add --no-undefined to vDSO build x86-64: Allow alternative patching in the vDSO x86: Make alternative instruction pointers relative x86-64: Improve vsyscall emulation CS and RIP handling x86-64: Emulate legacy vsyscalls x86-64: Fill unused parts of the vsyscall page with 0xcc x86-64: Remove vsyscall number 3 (venosys) x86-64: Map the HPET NX x86-64: Remove kernel.vsyscall64 sysctl x86-64: Give vvars their own page x86-64: Document some of entry_64.S x86-64: Fix alignment of jiffies variable
2011-07-12x86, doc only: Correct real-mode kernel header offset for init_sizeDarren Hart1-1/+1
The real-mode kernel header init_size field is located at 0x260 per the field listing in th e"REAL-MODE KERNEL HEADER" section. It is listed as 0x25c in the "DETAILS OF HEADER FIELDS" section, which overlaps with pref_address. Correct the details listing to 0x260. Signed-off-by: Darren Hart <dvhart@linux.intel.com> Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/541cf88e2dfe5b8186d8b96b136d892e769a68c1.1310441260.git.dvhart@linux.intel.com CC: H. Peter Anvin <hpa@zytor.com> Signed-off-by: H. Peter Anvin <hpa@linux.intel.com>
2011-06-05x86-64: Document some of entry_64.SAndy Lutomirski1-0/+98
Signed-off-by: Andy Lutomirski <luto@mit.edu> Cc: Jesper Juhl <jj@chaosbits.net> Cc: Borislav Petkov <bp@alien8.de> Cc: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org> Cc: Arjan van de Ven <arjan@infradead.org> Cc: Jan Beulich <JBeulich@novell.com> Cc: richard -rw- weinberger <richard.weinberger@gmail.com> Cc: Mikael Pettersson <mikpe@it.uu.se> Cc: Andi Kleen <andi@firstfloor.org> Cc: Brian Gerst <brgerst@gmail.com> Cc: Louis Rilling <Louis.Rilling@kerlabs.com> Cc: Valdis.Kletnieks@vt.edu Cc: pageexec@freemail.hu Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/fc134867cc550977cc996866129e11a16ba0f9ea.1307292171.git.luto@mit.edu Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
2011-05-10x86, gart: Rename pci-gart_64.c to amd_gart_64.cJoerg Roedel1-1/+1
This file only contains code relevant for the northbridge gart in AMD processors. This patch renames the file to represent this fact in the filename. Signed-off-by: Joerg Roedel <joerg.roedel@amd.com>
2011-03-22move x86 specific oops=panic to generic codeOlaf Hering1-5/+0
The oops=panic cmdline option is not x86 specific, move it to generic code. Update documentation. Signed-off-by: Olaf Hering <olaf@aepfle.de> Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu> Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de> Cc: "H. Peter Anvin" <hpa@zytor.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2011-03-18x86: Fix misspelling and align paramsLucas De Marchi1-7/+7
Fix 'upto' misspelling and align parameters. Signed-off-by: Lucas De Marchi <lucas.demarchi@profusion.mobi> Cc: trivial@kernel.org LKML-Reference: <1300389856-1099-2-git-send-email-lucas.demarchi@profusion.mobi> Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
2011-01-13x86: support XZ-compressed kernelLasse Collin1-3/+3
This integrates the XZ decompression code to the x86 pre-boot code. mkpiggy.c is updated to reserve about 32 KiB more buffer safety margin for kernel decompression. It is done unconditionally for all decompressors to keep the code simpler. The XZ decompressor needs around 30 KiB of heap, so the heap size is increased to 32 KiB on both x86-32 and x86-64. Documentation/x86/boot.txt is updated to list the XZ magic number. With the x86 BCJ filter in XZ, XZ-compressed x86 kernel tends to be a few percent smaller than the equivalent LZMA-compressed kernel. Signed-off-by: Lasse Collin <lasse.collin@tukaani.org> Cc: "H. Peter Anvin" <hpa@zytor.com> Cc: Alain Knaff <alain@knaff.lu> Cc: Albin Tonnerre <albin.tonnerre@free-electrons.com> Cc: Phillip Lougher <phillip@lougher.demon.co.uk> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2010-11-12x86: Add CE4100 platform supportThomas Gleixner1-0/+1
Add CE4100 platform support. CE4100 needs early setup like moorestown. Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de> Signed-off-by: Dirk Brandewie <dirk.brandewie@gmail.com> LKML-Reference: <94720fd7f5564a12ebf202cf2c4f4c0d619aab35.1289331834.git.dirk.brandewie@gmail.com> Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
2010-10-22Merge branch 'x86-irq-for-linus' of ↵Linus Torvalds1-3/+3
git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/tip/linux-2.6-tip * 'x86-irq-for-linus' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/tip/linux-2.6-tip: x86, 32-bit: Align percpu area and irq stacks to THREAD_SIZE x86: Move alloc_desk_mask variables inside ifdef x86-32: Align IRQ stacks properly x86: Remove CONFIG_4KSTACKS x86: Always use irq stacks Fixed up trivial conflicts in include/linux/{irq.h, percpu-defs.h}
2010-06-29x86: Always use irq stacksChristoph Hellwig1-3/+3
IRQ stacks provide much better safety against unexpected stack use from interrupts, at the minimal downside of slightly higher memory usage. Enable irq stacks also for the default 8k stack on 32-bit kernels to minimize the problem of stack overflows through interrupt activity. This is what the 64-bit kernel and various other architectures already do. Signed-off-by: Christoph Hellwig <hch@lst.de> LKML-Reference: <20100628121554.GA6605@lst.de> Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
2010-06-18x86, olpc: Add support for calling into OpenFirmwareAndres Salomon1-0/+1
Add support for saving OFW's cif, and later calling into it to run OFW commands. OFW remains resident in memory, living within virtual range 0xff800000 - 0xffc00000. A single page directory entry points to the pgdir that OFW actually uses, so rather than saving the entire page table, we grab and install that one entry permanently in the kernel's page table. This is currently only used by the OLPC XO. Note that this particular calling convention breaks PAE and PAT, and so cannot be used on newer x86 hardware. Signed-off-by: Andres Salomon <dilinger@queued.net> LKML-Reference: <20100618174653.7755a39a@dev.queued.net> Signed-off-by: H. Peter Anvin <hpa@linux.intel.com>
2010-02-15x86, numa: Remove configurable node size support for numa emulationDavid Rientjes1-13/+3
Now that numa=fake=<size>[MG] is implemented, it is possible to remove configurable node size support. The command-line parsing was already broken (numa=fake=*128, for example, would not work) and since fake nodes are now interleaved over physical nodes, this support is no longer required. Signed-off-by: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com> LKML-Reference: <alpine.DEB.2.00.1002151343080.26927@chino.kir.corp.google.com> Signed-off-by: H. Peter Anvin <hpa@zytor.com>
2010-02-15x86, numa: Add fixed node size option for numa emulationDavid Rientjes1-0/+4
numa=fake=N specifies the number of fake nodes, N, to partition the system into and then allocates them by interleaving over physical nodes. This requires knowledge of the system capacity when attempting to allocate nodes of a certain size: either very large nodes to benchmark scalability of code that operates on individual nodes, or very small nodes to find bugs in the VM. This patch introduces numa=fake=<size>[MG] so it is possible to specify the size of each node to allocate. When used, nodes of the size specified will be allocated and interleaved over the set of physical nodes. FAKE_NODE_MIN_SIZE was also moved to the more-appropriate include/asm/numa_64.h. Signed-off-by: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com> LKML-Reference: <alpine.DEB.2.00.1002151342510.26927@chino.kir.corp.google.com> Signed-off-by: H. Peter Anvin <hpa@zytor.com>
2009-09-23USB: ehci-dbgp,documentation: Documentation updates for ehci-dbgpJason Wessel1-2/+37
Add missing information about requirements of using the EHCI usb debug controller as well as to mention you can use a debug controller other than the first one in the system. Signed-off-by: Jason Wessel <jason.wessel@windriver.com> Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu> Cc: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Cc: Yinghai Lu <yinghai@kernel.org> Cc: "Eric W. Biederman" <ebiederm@xmission.com> Cc: Alan Stern <stern@rowland.harvard.edu> Cc: Sarah Sharp <sarah.a.sharp@intel.com> Cc: Randy Dunlap <randy.dunlap@oracle.com> Signed-off-by: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@suse.de>
2009-09-18Merge branch 'x86-platform-for-linus' of ↵Linus Torvalds1-0/+1
git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/tip/linux-2.6-tip * 'x86-platform-for-linus' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/tip/linux-2.6-tip: (38 commits) x86: Move get/set_wallclock to x86_platform_ops x86: platform: Fix section annotations x86: apic namespace cleanup x86: Distangle ioapic and i8259 x86: Add Moorestown early detection x86: Add hardware_subarch ID for Moorestown x86: Add early platform detection x86: Move tsc_init to late_time_init x86: Move tsc_calibration to x86_init_ops x86: Replace the now identical time_32/64.c by time.c x86: time_32/64.c unify profile_pc x86: Move calibrate_cpu to tsc.c x86: Make timer setup and global variables the same in time_32/64.c x86: Remove mca bus ifdef from timer interrupt x86: Simplify timer_ack magic in time_32.c x86: Prepare unification of time_32/64.c x86: Remove do_timer hook x86: Add timer_init to x86_init_ops x86: Move percpu clockevents setup to x86_init_ops x86: Move xen_post_allocator_init into xen_pagetable_setup_done ... Fix up conflicts in arch/x86/include/asm/io_apic.h
2009-08-31x86: Add hardware_subarch ID for MoorestownPan, Jacob jun1-0/+1
x86 bootprotocol 2.07 has introduced hardware_subarch ID in the boot parameters provided by FW. We use it to identify Moorestown platforms. [ tglx: Cleanup and paravirt fix ] Signed-off-by: Jacob Pan <jacob.jun.pan@intel.com> Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
2009-07-21x86, intel_txt: Intel TXT boot supportJoseph Cihula1-0/+1
This patch adds kernel configuration and boot support for Intel Trusted Execution Technology (Intel TXT). Intel's technology for safer computing, Intel Trusted Execution Technology (Intel TXT), defines platform-level enhancements that provide the building blocks for creating trusted platforms. Intel TXT was formerly known by the code name LaGrande Technology (LT). Intel TXT in Brief: o Provides dynamic root of trust for measurement (DRTM) o Data protection in case of improper shutdown o Measurement and verification of launched environment Intel TXT is part of the vPro(TM) brand and is also available some non-vPro systems. It is currently available on desktop systems based on the Q35, X38, Q45, and Q43 Express chipsets (e.g. Dell Optiplex 755, HP dc7800, etc.) and mobile systems based on the GM45, PM45, and GS45 Express chipsets. For more information, see http://www.intel.com/technology/security/. This site also has a link to the Intel TXT MLE Developers Manual, which has been updated for the new released platforms. A much more complete description of how these patches support TXT, how to configure a system for it, etc. is in the Documentation/intel_txt.txt file in this patch. This patch provides the TXT support routines for complete functionality, documentation for TXT support and for the changes to the boot_params structure, and boot detection of a TXT launch. Attempts to shutdown (reboot, Sx) the system will result in platform resets; subsequent patches will support these shutdown modes properly. Documentation/intel_txt.txt | 210 +++++++++++++++++++++ Documentation/x86/zero-page.txt | 1 arch/x86/include/asm/bootparam.h | 3 arch/x86/include/asm/fixmap.h | 3 arch/x86/include/asm/tboot.h | 197 ++++++++++++++++++++ arch/x86/kernel/Makefile | 1 arch/x86/kernel/setup.c | 4 arch/x86/kernel/tboot.c | 379 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++ security/Kconfig | 30 +++ 9 files changed, 827 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-) Signed-off-by: Joseph Cihula <joseph.cihula@intel.com> Signed-off-by: Shane Wang <shane.wang@intel.com> Signed-off-by: Gang Wei <gang.wei@intel.com> Signed-off-by: H. Peter Anvin <hpa@zytor.com>
2009-07-10Doc: move Documentation/exception.txt into x86 subdirAmerigo Wang2-0/+294
exception.txt only explains the code on x86, so it's better to move it into Documentation/x86 directory. And also rename it to exception-tables.txt which looks much more reasonable. This patch is on top of the previous one. Signed-off-by: WANG Cong <amwang@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: Randy Dunlap <randy.dunlap@oracle.com> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2009-06-11Merge branch 'linus' into x86/mce3Ingo Molnar3-17/+119
Conflicts: arch/x86/kernel/cpu/mcheck/mce_64.c arch/x86/kernel/irq.c Merge reason: Resolve the conflicts above. Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
2009-06-11x86, mce: Add boot options for corrected errorsHidetoshi Seto1-6/+30
This patch introduces three boot options (no_cmci, dont_log_ce and ignore_ce) to control handling for corrected errors. The "mce=no_cmci" boot option disables the CMCI feature. Since CMCI is a new feature so having boot controls to disable it will be a help if the hardware is misbehaving. The "mce=dont_log_ce" boot option disables logging for corrected errors. All reported corrected errors will be cleared silently. This option will be useful if you never care about corrected errors. The "mce=ignore_ce" boot option disables features for corrected errors, i.e. polling timer and cmci. All corrected events are not cleared and kept in bank MSRs. Usually this disablement is not recommended, however it will be a help if there are some conflict with the BIOS or hardware monitoring applications etc., that clears corrected events in banks instead of OS. [ And trivial cleanup (space -> tab) for doc is included. ] Signed-off-by: Hidetoshi Seto <seto.hidetoshi@jp.fujitsu.com> Reviewed-by: Andi Kleen <ak@linux.intel.com> LKML-Reference: <4A30ACDF.5030408@jp.fujitsu.com> Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
2009-06-10Merge branch 'x86-mm-for-linus' of ↵Linus Torvalds2-9/+5
git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/tip/linux-2.6-tip * 'x86-mm-for-linus' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/tip/linux-2.6-tip: (22 commits) x86: fix system without memory on node0 x86, mm: Fix node_possible_map logic mm, x86: remove MEMORY_HOTPLUG_RESERVE related code x86: make sparse mem work in non-NUMA mode x86: process.c, remove useless headers x86: merge process.c a bit x86: use sparse_memory_present_with_active_regions() on UMA x86: unify 64-bit UMA and NUMA paging_init() x86: Allow 1MB of slack between the e820 map and SRAT, not 4GB x86: Sanity check the e820 against the SRAT table using e820 map only x86: clean up and and print out initial max_pfn_mapped x86/pci: remove rounding quirk from e820_setup_gap() x86, e820, pci: reserve extra free space near end of RAM x86: fix typo in address space documentation x86: 46 bit physical address support on 64 bits x86, mm: fault.c, use printk_once() in is_errata93() x86: move per-cpu mmu_gathers to mm/init.c x86: move max_pfn_mapped and max_low_pfn_mapped to setup.c x86: unify noexec handling x86: remove (null) in /sys kernel_page_tables ...
2009-06-03x86, mce: switch x86 machine check handler to Monarch election.Andi Kleen2-1/+9
On Intel platforms machine check exceptions are always broadcast to all CPUs. This patch makes the machine check handler synchronize all these machine checks, elect a Monarch to handle the event and collect the worst event from all CPUs and then process it first. This has some advantages: - When there is a truly data corrupting error the system panics as quickly as possible. This improves containment of corrupted data and makes sure the corrupted data never hits stable storage. - The panics are synchronized and do not reenter the panic code on multiple CPUs (which currently does not handle this well). - All the errors are reported. Currently it often happens that another CPU happens to do the panic first, but reports useless information (empty machine check) because the real error happened on another CPU which came in later. This is a big advantage on Nehalem where the 8 threads per CPU lead to often the wrong CPU winning the race and dumping useless information on a machine check. The problem also occurs in a less severe form on older CPUs. - The system can detect when no CPUs detected a machine check and shut down the system. This can happen when one CPU is so badly hung that that it cannot process a machine check anymore or when some external agent wants to stop the system by asserting the machine check pin. This follows Intel hardware recommendations. - This matches the recommended error model by the CPU designers. - The events can be output in true severity order - When a panic happens on another CPU it makes sure to be actually be able to process the stop IPI by enabling interrupts. The code is extremly careful to handle timeouts while waiting for other CPUs. It can't rely on the normal timing mechanisms (jiffies, ktime_get) because of its asynchronous/lockless nature, so it uses own timeouts using ndelay() and a "SPINUNIT" The timeout is configurable. By default it waits for upto one second for the other CPUs. This can be also disabled. From some informal testing AMD systems do not see to broadcast machine checks, so right now it's always disabled by default on non Intel CPUs or also on very old Intel systems. Includes fixes from Ying Huang Fixed a "ecception" in a comment (H.Seto) Moved global_nwo reset later based on suggestion from H.Seto v2: Avoid duplicate messages [ Impact: feature, fixes long standing problems. ] Signed-off-by: Andi Kleen <ak@linux.intel.com> Signed-off-by: Hidetoshi Seto <seto.hidetoshi@jp.fujitsu.com> Signed-off-by: H. Peter Anvin <hpa@zytor.com>
2009-05-28x86, mce: improve documentationAndi Kleen2-1/+5
Document that check_interval set to 0 means no polling. Noticed by Hidetoshi Seto Also add a reference from boot options to the sysfs tunables Acked-by: Hidetoshi Seto <seto.hidetoshi@jp.fujitsu.com> Signed-off-by: Andi Kleen <ak@linux.intel.com> Signed-off-by: Hidetoshi Seto <seto.hidetoshi@jp.fujitsu.com> Signed-off-by: H. Peter Anvin <hpa@zytor.com>
2009-05-18mm, x86: remove MEMORY_HOTPLUG_RESERVE related codeYinghai Lu1-5/+0
after: | commit b263295dbffd33b0fbff670720fa178c30e3392a | Author: Christoph Lameter <clameter@sgi.com> | Date: Wed Jan 30 13:30:47 2008 +0100 | | x86: 64-bit, make sparsemem vmemmap the only memory model we don't have MEMORY_HOTPLUG_RESERVE anymore. Historically, x86-64 had an architecture-specific method for memory hotplug whereby it scanned the SRAT for physical memory ranges that could be potentially used for memory hot-add later. By reserving those ranges without physical memory, the memmap would be allocated and left dormant until needed. This depended on the DISCONTIG memory model which has been removed so the code implementing HOTPLUG_RESERVE is now dead. This patch removes the dead code used by MEMORY_HOTPLUG_RESERVE. (Changelog authored by Mel.) v2: updated changelog, and remove hotadd= in doc [ Impact: remove dead code ] Signed-off-by: Yinghai Lu <yinghai@kernel.org> Reviewed-by: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux-foundation.org> Reviewed-by: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie> Workflow-found-OK-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> LKML-Reference: <4A0C4910.7090508@kernel.org> Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
2009-05-11x86: add extension fields for bootloader type and versionH. Peter Anvin1-7/+52
A long ago, in days of yore, it all began with a god named Thor. There were vikings and boats and some plans for a Linux kernel header. Unfortunately, a single 8-bit field was used for bootloader type and version. This has generally worked without *too* much pain, but we're getting close to flat running out of ID fields. Add extension fields for both type and version. The type will be extended if it the old field is 0xE; the version is a simple MSB extension. Keep /proc/sys/kernel/bootloader_type containing (type << 4) + (ver & 0xf) for backwards compatiblity, but also add /proc/sys/kernel/bootloader_version which contains the full version number. [ Impact: new feature to support more bootloaders ] Signed-off-by: H. Peter Anvin <hpa@zytor.com>
2009-05-11x86: document new bzImage fieldsH. Peter Anvin1-4/+65
Document the new bzImage fields for kernel memory placement. [ Impact: adds documentation ] Signed-off-by: H. Peter Anvin <hpa@zytor.com>
2009-05-05x86: fix typo in address space documentationH. Peter Anvin1-1/+1
Fix a trivial typo in Documentation/x86/x86_64/mm.txt. [ Impact: documentation only ] Signed-off-by: H. Peter Anvin <hpa@zytor.com> Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com>
2009-05-05x86: 46 bit physical address support on 64 bitsRik van Riel1-4/+5
Extend the maximum addressable memory on x86-64 from 2^44 to 2^46 bytes. This requires some shuffling around of the vmalloc and virtual memmap memory areas, to keep them away from the direct mapping of up to 64TB of physical memory. This patch also introduces a guard hole between the vmalloc area and the virtual memory map space. There's really no good reason why we wouldn't have a guard hole there. [ Impact: future hardware enablement ] Signed-off-by: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com> LKML-Reference: <20090505172856.6820db22@cuia.bos.redhat.com> Signed-off-by: H. Peter Anvin <hpa@zytor.com>
2009-04-03Merge branch 'for-linus' of ↵Linus Torvalds1-2/+3
git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/jikos/trivial * 'for-linus' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/jikos/trivial: (28 commits) trivial: Update my email address trivial: NULL noise: drivers/mtd/tests/mtd_*test.c trivial: NULL noise: drivers/media/dvb/frontends/drx397xD_fw.h trivial: Fix misspelling of "Celsius". trivial: remove unused variable 'path' in alloc_file() trivial: fix a pdlfush -> pdflush typo in comment trivial: jbd header comment typo fix for JBD_PARANOID_IOFAIL trivial: wusb: Storage class should be before const qualifier trivial: drivers/char/bsr.c: Storage class should be before const qualifier trivial: h8300: Storage class should be before const qualifier trivial: fix where cgroup documentation is not correctly referred to trivial: Give the right path in Documentation example trivial: MTD: remove EOL from MODULE_DESCRIPTION trivial: Fix typo in bio_split()'s documentation trivial: PWM: fix of #endif comment trivial: fix typos/grammar errors in Kconfig texts trivial: Fix misspelling of firmware trivial: cgroups: documentation typo and spelling corrections trivial: Update contact info for Jochen Hein trivial: fix typo "resgister" -> "register" ...

Privacy Policy