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2014-10-18Merge branch 'for-3.18/core' of git://git.kernel.dk/linux-blockLinus Torvalds1-24/+16
Pull core block layer changes from Jens Axboe: "This is the core block IO pull request for 3.18. Apart from the new and improved flush machinery for blk-mq, this is all mostly bug fixes and cleanups. - blk-mq timeout updates and fixes from Christoph. - Removal of REQ_END, also from Christoph. We pass it through the ->queue_rq() hook for blk-mq instead, freeing up one of the request bits. The space was overly tight on 32-bit, so Martin also killed REQ_KERNEL since it's no longer used. - blk integrity updates and fixes from Martin and Gu Zheng. - Update to the flush machinery for blk-mq from Ming Lei. Now we have a per hardware context flush request, which both cleans up the code should scale better for flush intensive workloads on blk-mq. - Improve the error printing, from Rob Elliott. - Backing device improvements and cleanups from Tejun. - Fixup of a misplaced rq_complete() tracepoint from Hannes. - Make blk_get_request() return error pointers, fixing up issues where we NULL deref when a device goes bad or missing. From Joe Lawrence. - Prep work for drastically reducing the memory consumption of dm devices from Junichi Nomura. This allows creating clone bio sets without preallocating a lot of memory. - Fix a blk-mq hang on certain combinations of queue depths and hardware queues from me. - Limit memory consumption for blk-mq devices for crash dump scenarios and drivers that use crazy high depths (certain SCSI shared tag setups). We now just use a single queue and limited depth for that" * 'for-3.18/core' of git://git.kernel.dk/linux-block: (58 commits) block: Remove REQ_KERNEL blk-mq: allocate cpumask on the home node bio-integrity: remove the needless fail handle of bip_slab creating block: include func name in __get_request prints block: make blk_update_request print prefix match ratelimited prefix blk-merge: don't compute bi_phys_segments from bi_vcnt for cloned bio block: fix alignment_offset math that assumes io_min is a power-of-2 blk-mq: Make bt_clear_tag() easier to read blk-mq: fix potential hang if rolling wakeup depth is too high block: add bioset_create_nobvec() block: use bio_clone_fast() in blk_rq_prep_clone() block: misplaced rq_complete tracepoint sd: Honor block layer integrity handling flags block: Replace strnicmp with strncasecmp block: Add T10 Protection Information functions block: Don't merge requests if integrity flags differ block: Integrity checksum flag block: Relocate bio integrity flags block: Add a disk flag to block integrity profile block: Add prefix to block integrity profile flags ...
2014-10-14Merge branch 'akpm' (patches from Andrew Morton)Linus Torvalds5-46/+90
Merge second patch-bomb from Andrew Morton: - a few hotfixes - drivers/dma updates - MAINTAINERS updates - Quite a lot of lib/ updates - checkpatch updates - binfmt updates - autofs4 - drivers/rtc/ - various small tweaks to less used filesystems - ipc/ updates - kernel/watchdog.c changes * emailed patches from Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>: (135 commits) mm: softdirty: enable write notifications on VMAs after VM_SOFTDIRTY cleared kernel/param: consolidate __{start,stop}___param[] in <linux/moduleparam.h> ia64: remove duplicate declarations of __per_cpu_start[] and __per_cpu_end[] frv: remove unused declarations of __start___ex_table and __stop___ex_table kvm: ensure hard lockup detection is disabled by default kernel/watchdog.c: control hard lockup detection default staging: rtl8192u: use %*pEn to escape buffer staging: rtl8192e: use %*pEn to escape buffer staging: wlan-ng: use %*pEhp to print SN lib80211: remove unused print_ssid() wireless: hostap: proc: print properly escaped SSID wireless: ipw2x00: print SSID via %*pE wireless: libertas: print esaped string via %*pE lib/vsprintf: add %*pE[achnops] format specifier lib / string_helpers: introduce string_escape_mem() lib / string_helpers: refactoring the test suite lib / string_helpers: move documentation to c-file include/linux: remove strict_strto* definitions arch/x86/mm/numa.c: fix boot failure when all nodes are hotpluggable fs: check bh blocknr earlier when searching lru ...
2014-10-14Merge branch 'x86-mm-for-linus' of ↵Linus Torvalds1-0/+2
git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/tip/tip Pull x86 mm updates from Ingo Molnar: "This tree includes the following changes: - fix memory hotplug - fix hibernation bootup memory layout assumptions - fix hyperv numa guest kernel messages - remove dead code - update documentation" * 'x86-mm-for-linus' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/tip/tip: x86/mm: Update memory map description to list hypervisor-reserved area x86/mm, hibernate: Do not assume the first e820 area to be RAM x86/mm/numa: Drop dead code and rename setup_node_data() to setup_alloc_data() x86/mm/hotplug: Modify PGD entry when removing memory x86/mm/hotplug: Pass sync_global_pgds() a correct argument in remove_pagetable() x86: Remove set_pmd_pfn
2014-10-14mm: softdirty: enable write notifications on VMAs after VM_SOFTDIRTY clearedPeter Feiner3-33/+35
For VMAs that don't want write notifications, PTEs created for read faults have their write bit set. If the read fault happens after VM_SOFTDIRTY is cleared, then the PTE's softdirty bit will remain clear after subsequent writes. Here's a simple code snippet to demonstrate the bug: char* m = mmap(NULL, getpagesize(), PROT_READ | PROT_WRITE, MAP_ANONYMOUS | MAP_SHARED, -1, 0); system("echo 4 > /proc/$PPID/clear_refs"); /* clear VM_SOFTDIRTY */ assert(*m == '\0'); /* new PTE allows write access */ assert(!soft_dirty(x)); *m = 'x'; /* should dirty the page */ assert(soft_dirty(x)); /* fails */ With this patch, write notifications are enabled when VM_SOFTDIRTY is cleared. Furthermore, to avoid unnecessary faults, write notifications are disabled when VM_SOFTDIRTY is set. As a side effect of enabling and disabling write notifications with care, this patch fixes a bug in mprotect where vm_page_prot bits set by drivers were zapped on mprotect. An analogous bug was fixed in mmap by commit c9d0bf241451 ("mm: uncached vma support with writenotify"). Signed-off-by: Peter Feiner <pfeiner@google.com> Reported-by: Peter Feiner <pfeiner@google.com> Suggested-by: Kirill A. Shutemov <kirill.shutemov@linux.intel.com> Cc: Cyrill Gorcunov <gorcunov@openvz.org> Cc: Pavel Emelyanov <xemul@parallels.com> Cc: Jamie Liu <jamieliu@google.com> Cc: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com> Cc: Naoya Horiguchi <n-horiguchi@ah.jp.nec.com> Cc: Bjorn Helgaas <bhelgaas@google.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2014-10-14drivers: dma-contiguous: add initialization from device treeMarek Szyprowski1-11/+51
Add a function to create CMA region from previously reserved memory and add support for handling 'shared-dma-pool' reserved-memory device tree nodes. Based on previous code provided by Josh Cartwright <joshc@codeaurora.org> Signed-off-by: Marek Szyprowski <m.szyprowski@samsung.com> Cc: Arnd Bergmann <arnd@arndb.de> Cc: Michal Nazarewicz <mina86@mina86.com> Cc: Grant Likely <grant.likely@linaro.org> Cc: Laura Abbott <lauraa@codeaurora.org> Cc: Josh Cartwright <joshc@codeaurora.org> Cc: Joonsoo Kim <iamjoonsoo.kim@lge.com> Cc: Kyungmin Park <kyungmin.park@samsung.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2014-10-14mm/cma: fix cma bitmap aligned mask computingWeijie Yang1-1/+3
The current cma bitmap aligned mask computation is incorrect. It could cause an unexpected alignment when using cma_alloc() if the wanted align order is larger than cma->order_per_bit. Take kvm for example (PAGE_SHIFT = 12), kvm_cma->order_per_bit is set to 6. When kvm_alloc_rma() tries to alloc kvm_rma_pages, it will use 15 as the expected align value. After using the current implementation however, we get 0 as cma bitmap aligned mask other than 511. This patch fixes the cma bitmap aligned mask calculation. [akpm@linux-foundation.org: coding-style fixes] Signed-off-by: Weijie Yang <weijie.yang@samsung.com> Acked-by: Michal Nazarewicz <mina86@mina86.com> Cc: Joonsoo Kim <iamjoonsoo.kim@lge.com> Cc: "Aneesh Kumar K.V" <aneesh.kumar@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Cc: <stable@vger.kernel.org> [3.17] Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2014-10-14mm/slab: fix unaligned access on sparc64Joonsoo Kim1-1/+1
Commit bf0dea23a9c0 ("mm/slab: use percpu allocator for cpu cache") changed the allocation method for cpu cache array from slab allocator to percpu allocator. Alignment should be provided for aligned memory in percpu allocator case, but, that commit mistakenly set this alignment to 0. So, percpu allocator returns unaligned memory address. It doesn't cause any problem on x86 which permits unaligned access, but, it causes the problem on sparc64 which needs strong guarantee of alignment. Following bug report is reported from David Miller. I'm getting tons of the following on sparc64: [603965.383447] Kernel unaligned access at TPC[546b58] free_block+0x98/0x1a0 [603965.396987] Kernel unaligned access at TPC[546b60] free_block+0xa0/0x1a0 ... [603970.554394] log_unaligned: 333 callbacks suppressed ... This patch provides a proper alignment parameter when allocating cpu cache to fix this unaligned memory access problem on sparc64. Reported-by: David Miller <davem@davemloft.net> Tested-by: David Miller <davem@davemloft.net> Tested-by: Meelis Roos <mroos@linux.ee> Signed-off-by: Joonsoo Kim <iamjoonsoo.kim@lge.com> Cc: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux.com> Cc: Pekka Enberg <penberg@kernel.org> Cc: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2014-10-13Merge branch 'core-rcu-for-linus' of ↵Linus Torvalds1-1/+1
git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/tip/tip Pull RCU updates from Ingo Molnar: "The main changes in this cycle were: - changes related to No-CBs CPUs and NO_HZ_FULL - RCU-tasks implementation - torture-test updates - miscellaneous fixes - locktorture updates - RCU documentation updates" * 'core-rcu-for-linus' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/tip/tip: (81 commits) workqueue: Use cond_resched_rcu_qs macro workqueue: Add quiescent state between work items locktorture: Cleanup header usage locktorture: Cannot hold read and write lock locktorture: Fix __acquire annotation for spinlock irq locktorture: Support rwlocks rcu: Eliminate deadlock between CPU hotplug and expedited grace periods locktorture: Document boot/module parameters rcutorture: Rename rcutorture_runnable parameter locktorture: Add test scenario for rwsem_lock locktorture: Add test scenario for mutex_lock locktorture: Make torture scripting account for new _runnable name locktorture: Introduce torture context locktorture: Support rwsems locktorture: Add infrastructure for torturing read locks torture: Address race in module cleanup locktorture: Make statistics generic locktorture: Teach about lock debugging locktorture: Support mutexes locktorture: Add documentation ...
2014-10-13Merge branch 'for-linus' of ↵Linus Torvalds1-14/+226
git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/viro/vfs Pull vfs updates from Al Viro: "The big thing in this pile is Eric's unmount-on-rmdir series; we finally have everything we need for that. The final piece of prereqs is delayed mntput() - now filesystem shutdown always happens on shallow stack. Other than that, we have several new primitives for iov_iter (Matt Wilcox, culled from his XIP-related series) pushing the conversion to ->read_iter()/ ->write_iter() a bit more, a bunch of fs/dcache.c cleanups and fixes (including the external name refcounting, which gives consistent behaviour of d_move() wrt procfs symlinks for long and short names alike) and assorted cleanups and fixes all over the place. This is just the first pile; there's a lot of stuff from various people that ought to go in this window. Starting with unionmount/overlayfs mess... ;-/" * 'for-linus' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/viro/vfs: (60 commits) fs/file_table.c: Update alloc_file() comment vfs: Deduplicate code shared by xattr system calls operating on paths reiserfs: remove pointless forward declaration of struct nameidata don't need that forward declaration of struct nameidata in dcache.h anymore take dname_external() into fs/dcache.c let path_init() failures treated the same way as subsequent link_path_walk() fix misuses of f_count() in ppp and netlink ncpfs: use list_for_each_entry() for d_subdirs walk vfs: move getname() from callers to do_mount() gfs2_atomic_open(): skip lookups on hashed dentry [infiniband] remove pointless assignments gadgetfs: saner API for gadgetfs_create_file() f_fs: saner API for ffs_sb_create_file() jfs: don't hash direct inode [s390] remove pointless assignment of ->f_op in vmlogrdr ->open() ecryptfs: ->f_op is never NULL android: ->f_op is never NULL nouveau: __iomem misannotations missing annotation in fs/file.c fs: namespace: suppress 'may be used uninitialized' warnings ...
2014-10-12Merge tag 'tiny/no-advice-fixup-3.18' of ↵Linus Torvalds1-1/+2
git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/josh/linux Pull tinification fix from Josh "Paper Bag" Triplett: "Fixup to use PATCHv2 of 'mm: Support compiling out madvise and fadvise'" * tag 'tiny/no-advice-fixup-3.18' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/josh/linux: mm: Support fadvise without CONFIG_MMU
2014-10-10mm: Support fadvise without CONFIG_MMUJosh Triplett1-1/+2
Commit d3ac21cacc24790eb45d735769f35753f5b56ceb ("mm: Support compiling out madvise and fadvise") incorrectly made fadvise conditional on CONFIG_MMU. (The merged branch unintentionally incorporated v1 of the patch rather than the fixed v2.) Apply the delta from v1 to v2, to allow fadvise without CONFIG_MMU. Reported-by: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org> Signed-off-by: Josh Triplett <josh@joshtriplett.org>
2014-10-10Merge branch 'for-3.18' of ↵Linus Torvalds8-239/+477
git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/tj/percpu Pull percpu updates from Tejun Heo: "A lot of activities on percpu front. Notable changes are... - percpu allocator now can take @gfp. If @gfp doesn't contain GFP_KERNEL, it tries to allocate from what's already available to the allocator and a work item tries to keep the reserve around certain level so that these atomic allocations usually succeed. This will replace the ad-hoc percpu memory pool used by blk-throttle and also be used by the planned blkcg support for writeback IOs. Please note that I noticed a bug in how @gfp is interpreted while preparing this pull request and applied the fix 6ae833c7fe0c ("percpu: fix how @gfp is interpreted by the percpu allocator") just now. - percpu_ref now uses longs for percpu and global counters instead of ints. It leads to more sparse packing of the percpu counters on 64bit machines but the overhead should be negligible and this allows using percpu_ref for refcnting pages and in-memory objects directly. - The switching between percpu and single counter modes of a percpu_ref is made independent of putting the base ref and a percpu_ref can now optionally be initialized in single or killed mode. This allows avoiding percpu shutdown latency for cases where the refcounted objects may be synchronously created and destroyed in rapid succession with only a fraction of them reaching fully operational status (SCSI probing does this when combined with blk-mq support). It's also planned to be used to implement forced single mode to detect underflow more timely for debugging. There's a separate branch percpu/for-3.18-consistent-ops which cleans up the duplicate percpu accessors. That branch causes a number of conflicts with s390 and other trees. I'll send a separate pull request w/ resolutions once other branches are merged" * 'for-3.18' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/tj/percpu: (33 commits) percpu: fix how @gfp is interpreted by the percpu allocator blk-mq, percpu_ref: start q->mq_usage_counter in atomic mode percpu_ref: make INIT_ATOMIC and switch_to_atomic() sticky percpu_ref: add PERCPU_REF_INIT_* flags percpu_ref: decouple switching to percpu mode and reinit percpu_ref: decouple switching to atomic mode and killing percpu_ref: add PCPU_REF_DEAD percpu_ref: rename things to prepare for decoupling percpu/atomic mode switch percpu_ref: replace pcpu_ prefix with percpu_ percpu_ref: minor code and comment updates percpu_ref: relocate percpu_ref_reinit() Revert "blk-mq, percpu_ref: implement a kludge for SCSI blk-mq stall during probe" Revert "percpu: free percpu allocation info for uniprocessor system" percpu-refcount: make percpu_ref based on longs instead of ints percpu-refcount: improve WARN messages percpu: fix locking regression in the failure path of pcpu_alloc() percpu-refcount: add @gfp to percpu_ref_init() proportions: add @gfp to init functions percpu_counter: add @gfp to percpu_counter_init() percpu_counter: make percpu_counters_lock irq-safe ...
2014-10-10Merge branch 'for-3.18' of ↵Linus Torvalds1-1/+1
git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/tj/cgroup Pull cgroup updates from Tejun Heo: "Nothing too interesting. Just a handful of cleanup patches" * 'for-3.18' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/tj/cgroup: Revert "cgroup: remove redundant variable in cgroup_mount()" cgroup: remove redundant variable in cgroup_mount() cgroup: fix missing unlock in cgroup_release_agent() cgroup: remove CGRP_RELEASABLE flag perf/cgroup: Remove perf_put_cgroup() cgroup: remove redundant check in cgroup_ino() cpuset: simplify proc_cpuset_show() cgroup: simplify proc_cgroup_show() cgroup: use a per-cgroup work for release agent cgroup: remove bogus comments cgroup: remove redundant code in cgroup_rmdir() cgroup: remove some useless forward declarations cgroup: fix a typo in comment.
2014-10-09zbud: avoid accessing last unused freelistChao Yu1-6/+7
For now, there are NCHUNKS of 64 freelists in zbud_pool, the last unbuddied[63] freelist linked with all zbud pages which have free chunks of 63. Calculating according to context of num_free_chunks(), our max chunk number of unbuddied zbud page is 62, so none of zbud pages will be added/removed in last freelist, but still we will try to find an unbuddied zbud page in the last unused freelist, it is unneeded. This patch redefines NCHUNKS to 63 as free chunk number in one zbud page, hence we can decrease size of zpool and avoid accessing the last unused freelist whenever failing to allocate zbud from freelist in zbud_alloc. Signed-off-by: Chao Yu <chao2.yu@samsung.com> Cc: Seth Jennings <sjennings@variantweb.net> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2014-10-09zsmalloc: simplify init_zspage free obj linkingDan Streetman1-9/+5
Change zsmalloc init_zspage() logic to iterate through each object on each of its pages, checking the offset to verify the object is on the current page before linking it into the zspage. The current zsmalloc init_zspage free object linking code has logic that relies on there only being one page per zspage when PAGE_SIZE is a multiple of class->size. It calculates the number of objects for the current page, and iterates through all of them plus one, to account for the assumed partial object at the end of the page. While this currently works, the logic can be simplified to just link the object at each successive offset until the offset is larger than PAGE_SIZE, which does not rely on PAGE_SIZE being a multiple of class->size. Signed-off-by: Dan Streetman <ddstreet@ieee.org> Acked-by: Minchan Kim <minchan@kernel.org> Cc: Sergey Senozhatsky <sergey.senozhatsky@gmail.com> Cc: Nitin Gupta <ngupta@vflare.org> Cc: Seth Jennings <sjennings@variantweb.net> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2014-10-09mm/zsmalloc.c: correct comment for fullness group computationWang Sheng-Hui1-1/+1
The letter 'f' in "n <= N/f" stands for fullness_threshold_frac, not 1/fullness_threshold_frac. Signed-off-by: Wang Sheng-Hui <shhuiw@gmail.com> Acked-by: Minchan Kim <minchan@kernel.org> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2014-10-09zsmalloc: change return value unit of zs_get_total_size_bytesMinchan Kim1-5/+4
zs_get_total_size_bytes returns a amount of memory zsmalloc consumed with *byte unit* but zsmalloc operates *page unit* rather than byte unit so let's change the API so benefit we could get is that reduce unnecessary overhead (ie, change page unit with byte unit) in zsmalloc. Since return type is pages, "zs_get_total_pages" is better than "zs_get_total_size_bytes". Signed-off-by: Minchan Kim <minchan@kernel.org> Reviewed-by: Dan Streetman <ddstreet@ieee.org> Cc: Sergey Senozhatsky <sergey.senozhatsky@gmail.com> Cc: Jerome Marchand <jmarchan@redhat.com> Cc: <juno.choi@lge.com> Cc: <seungho1.park@lge.com> Cc: Luigi Semenzato <semenzato@google.com> Cc: Nitin Gupta <ngupta@vflare.org> Cc: Seth Jennings <sjennings@variantweb.net> Cc: David Horner <ds2horner@gmail.com> Cc: Joonsoo Kim <iamjoonsoo.kim@lge.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2014-10-09zsmalloc: move pages_allocated to zs_poolMinchan Kim1-15/+8
Currently, zram has no feature to limit memory so theoretically zram can deplete system memory. Users have asked for a limit several times as even without exhaustion zram makes it hard to control memory usage of the platform. This patchset adds the feature. Patch 1 makes zs_get_total_size_bytes faster because it would be used frequently in later patches for the new feature. Patch 2 changes zs_get_total_size_bytes's return unit from bytes to page so that zsmalloc doesn't need unnecessary operation(ie, << PAGE_SHIFT). Patch 3 adds new feature. I added the feature into zram layer, not zsmalloc because limiation is zram's requirement, not zsmalloc so any other user using zsmalloc(ie, zpool) shouldn't affected by unnecessary branch of zsmalloc. In future, if every users of zsmalloc want the feature, then, we could move the feature from client side to zsmalloc easily but vice versa would be painful. Patch 4 adds news facility to report maximum memory usage of zram so that this avoids user polling frequently via /sys/block/zram0/ mem_used_total and ensures transient max are not missed. This patch (of 4): pages_allocated has counted in size_class structure and when user of zsmalloc want to see total_size_bytes, it should gather all of count from each size_class to report the sum. It's not bad if user don't see the value often but if user start to see the value frequently, it would be not a good deal for performance pov. This patch moves the count from size_class to zs_pool so it could reduce memory footprint (from [255 * 8byte] to [sizeof(atomic_long_t)]). Signed-off-by: Minchan Kim <minchan@kernel.org> Reviewed-by: Dan Streetman <ddstreet@ieee.org> Cc: Sergey Senozhatsky <sergey.senozhatsky@gmail.com> Cc: Jerome Marchand <jmarchan@redhat.com> Cc: <juno.choi@lge.com> Cc: <seungho1.park@lge.com> Cc: Luigi Semenzato <semenzato@google.com> Cc: Nitin Gupta <ngupta@vflare.org> Cc: Seth Jennings <sjennings@variantweb.net> Reviewed-by: David Horner <ds2horner@gmail.com> Cc: Joonsoo Kim <iamjoonsoo.kim@lge.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2014-10-09vmstat: on-demand vmstat workers V8Christoph Lameter1-21/+120
vmstat workers are used for folding counter differentials into the zone, per node and global counters at certain time intervals. They currently run at defined intervals on all processors which will cause some holdoff for processors that need minimal intrusion by the OS. The current vmstat_update mechanism depends on a deferrable timer firing every other second by default which registers a work queue item that runs on the local CPU, with the result that we have 1 interrupt and one additional schedulable task on each CPU every 2 seconds If a workload indeed causes VM activity or multiple tasks are running on a CPU, then there are probably bigger issues to deal with. However, some workloads dedicate a CPU for a single CPU bound task. This is done in high performance computing, in high frequency financial applications, in networking (Intel DPDK, EZchip NPS) and with the advent of systems with more and more CPUs over time, this may become more and more common to do since when one has enough CPUs one cares less about efficiently sharing a CPU with other tasks and more about efficiently monopolizing a CPU per task. The difference of having this timer firing and workqueue kernel thread scheduled per second can be enormous. An artificial test measuring the worst case time to do a simple "i++" in an endless loop on a bare metal system and under Linux on an isolated CPU with dynticks and with and without this patch, have Linux match the bare metal performance (~700 cycles) with this patch and loose by couple of orders of magnitude (~200k cycles) without it[*]. The loss occurs for something that just calculates statistics. For networking applications, for example, this could be the difference between dropping packets or sustaining line rate. Statistics are important and useful, but it would be great if there would be a way to not cause statistics gathering produce a huge performance difference. This patche does just that. This patch creates a vmstat shepherd worker that monitors the per cpu differentials on all processors. If there are differentials on a processor then a vmstat worker local to the processors with the differentials is created. That worker will then start folding the diffs in regular intervals. Should the worker find that there is no work to be done then it will make the shepherd worker monitor the differentials again. With this patch it is possible then to have periods longer than 2 seconds without any OS event on a "cpu" (hardware thread). The patch shows a very minor increased in system performance. hackbench -s 512 -l 2000 -g 15 -f 25 -P Results before the patch: Running in process mode with 15 groups using 50 file descriptors each (== 750 tasks) Each sender will pass 2000 messages of 512 bytes Time: 4.992 Running in process mode with 15 groups using 50 file descriptors each (== 750 tasks) Each sender will pass 2000 messages of 512 bytes Time: 4.971 Running in process mode with 15 groups using 50 file descriptors each (== 750 tasks) Each sender will pass 2000 messages of 512 bytes Time: 5.063 Hackbench after the patch: Running in process mode with 15 groups using 50 file descriptors each (== 750 tasks) Each sender will pass 2000 messages of 512 bytes Time: 4.973 Running in process mode with 15 groups using 50 file descriptors each (== 750 tasks) Each sender will pass 2000 messages of 512 bytes Time: 4.990 Running in process mode with 15 groups using 50 file descriptors each (== 750 tasks) Each sender will pass 2000 messages of 512 bytes Time: 4.993 [fengguang.wu@intel.com: cpu_stat_off can be static] Signed-off-by: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux.com> Reviewed-by: Gilad Ben-Yossef <gilad@benyossef.com> Cc: Frederic Weisbecker <fweisbec@gmail.com> Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de> Cc: Tejun Heo <tj@kernel.org> Cc: John Stultz <john.stultz@linaro.org> Cc: Mike Frysinger <vapier@gentoo.org> Cc: Minchan Kim <minchan.kim@gmail.com> Cc: Hakan Akkan <hakanakkan@gmail.com> Cc: Max Krasnyansky <maxk@qti.qualcomm.com> Cc: "Paul E. McKenney" <paulmck@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Cc: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com> Cc: Viresh Kumar <viresh.kumar@linaro.org> Cc: H. Peter Anvin <hpa@zytor.com> Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org> Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org> Signed-off-by: Fengguang Wu <fengguang.wu@intel.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2014-10-09mm: mempolicy: skip inaccessible VMAs when setting MPOL_MF_LAZYMel Gorman1-1/+3
PROT_NUMA VMAs are skipped to avoid problems distinguishing between present, prot_none and special entries. MPOL_MF_LAZY is not visible from userspace since commit a720094ded8c ("mm: mempolicy: Hide MPOL_NOOP and MPOL_MF_LAZY from userspace for now") but it should still skip VMAs the same way task_numa_work does. Signed-off-by: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de> Acked-by: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com> Acked-by: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com> Acked-by: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2014-10-09mm/balloon_compaction: add vmstat counters and kpageflags bitKonstantin Khlebnikov4-3/+21
Always mark pages with PageBalloon even if balloon compaction is disabled and expose this mark in /proc/kpageflags as KPF_BALLOON. Also this patch adds three counters into /proc/vmstat: "balloon_inflate", "balloon_deflate" and "balloon_migrate". They accumulate balloon activity. Current size of balloon is (balloon_inflate - balloon_deflate) pages. All generic balloon code now gathered under option CONFIG_MEMORY_BALLOON. It should be selected by ballooning driver which wants use this feature. Currently virtio-balloon is the only user. Signed-off-by: Konstantin Khlebnikov <k.khlebnikov@samsung.com> Cc: Rafael Aquini <aquini@redhat.com> Cc: Andrey Ryabinin <ryabinin.a.a@gmail.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2014-10-09mm/balloon_compaction: remove balloon mapping and flag AS_BALLOON_MAPKonstantin Khlebnikov1-89/+6
Now ballooned pages are detected using PageBalloon(). Fake mapping is no longer required. This patch links ballooned pages to balloon device using field page->private instead of page->mapping. Also this patch embeds balloon_dev_info directly into struct virtio_balloon. Signed-off-by: Konstantin Khlebnikov <k.khlebnikov@samsung.com> Cc: Rafael Aquini <aquini@redhat.com> Cc: Andrey Ryabinin <ryabinin.a.a@gmail.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2014-10-09mm/balloon_compaction: redesign ballooned pages managementKonstantin Khlebnikov3-27/+17
Sasha Levin reported KASAN splash inside isolate_migratepages_range(). Problem is in the function __is_movable_balloon_page() which tests AS_BALLOON_MAP in page->mapping->flags. This function has no protection against anonymous pages. As result it tried to check address space flags inside struct anon_vma. Further investigation shows more problems in current implementation: * Special branch in __unmap_and_move() never works: balloon_page_movable() checks page flags and page_count. In __unmap_and_move() page is locked, reference counter is elevated, thus balloon_page_movable() always fails. As a result execution goes to the normal migration path. virtballoon_migratepage() returns MIGRATEPAGE_BALLOON_SUCCESS instead of MIGRATEPAGE_SUCCESS, move_to_new_page() thinks this is an error code and assigns newpage->mapping to NULL. Newly migrated page lose connectivity with balloon an all ability for further migration. * lru_lock erroneously required in isolate_migratepages_range() for isolation ballooned page. This function releases lru_lock periodically, this makes migration mostly impossible for some pages. * balloon_page_dequeue have a tight race with balloon_page_isolate: balloon_page_isolate could be executed in parallel with dequeue between picking page from list and locking page_lock. Race is rare because they use trylock_page() for locking. This patch fixes all of them. Instead of fake mapping with special flag this patch uses special state of page->_mapcount: PAGE_BALLOON_MAPCOUNT_VALUE = -256. Buddy allocator uses PAGE_BUDDY_MAPCOUNT_VALUE = -128 for similar purpose. Storing mark directly in struct page makes everything safer and easier. PagePrivate is used to mark pages present in page list (i.e. not isolated, like PageLRU for normal pages). It replaces special rules for reference counter and makes balloon migration similar to migration of normal pages. This flag is protected by page_lock together with link to the balloon device. Signed-off-by: Konstantin Khlebnikov <k.khlebnikov@samsung.com> Reported-by: Sasha Levin <sasha.levin@oracle.com> Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/p/53E6CEAA.9020105@oracle.com Cc: Rafael Aquini <aquini@redhat.com> Cc: Andrey Ryabinin <ryabinin.a.a@gmail.com> Cc: <stable@vger.kernel.org> [3.8+] Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2014-10-09mm: introduce a general RCU get_user_pages_fast()Steve Capper2-0/+357
This series implements general forms of get_user_pages_fast and __get_user_pages_fast in core code and activates them for arm and arm64. These are required for Transparent HugePages to function correctly, as a futex on a THP tail will otherwise result in an infinite loop (due to the core implementation of __get_user_pages_fast always returning 0). Unfortunately, a futex on THP tail can be quite common for certain workloads; thus THP is unreliable without a __get_user_pages_fast implementation. This series may also be beneficial for direct-IO heavy workloads and certain KVM workloads. This patch (of 6): get_user_pages_fast() attempts to pin user pages by walking the page tables directly and avoids taking locks. Thus the walker needs to be protected from page table pages being freed from under it, and needs to block any THP splits. One way to achieve this is to have the walker disable interrupts, and rely on IPIs from the TLB flushing code blocking before the page table pages are freed. On some platforms we have hardware broadcast of TLB invalidations, thus the TLB flushing code doesn't necessarily need to broadcast IPIs; and spuriously broadcasting IPIs can hurt system performance if done too often. This problem has been solved on PowerPC and Sparc by batching up page table pages belonging to more than one mm_user, then scheduling an rcu_sched callback to free the pages. This RCU page table free logic has been promoted to core code and is activated when one enables HAVE_RCU_TABLE_FREE. Unfortunately, these architectures implement their own get_user_pages_fast routines. The RCU page table free logic coupled with an IPI broadcast on THP split (which is a rare event), allows one to protect a page table walker by merely disabling the interrupts during the walk. This patch provides a general RCU implementation of get_user_pages_fast that can be used by architectures that perform hardware broadcast of TLB invalidations. It is based heavily on the PowerPC implementation by Nick Piggin. [akpm@linux-foundation.org: various comment fixes] Signed-off-by: Steve Capper <steve.capper@linaro.org> Tested-by: Dann Frazier <dann.frazier@canonical.com> Reviewed-by: Catalin Marinas <catalin.marinas@arm.com> Acked-by: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com> Cc: Russell King <rmk@arm.linux.org.uk> Cc: Mark Rutland <mark.rutland@arm.com> Cc: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie> Cc: Will Deacon <will.deacon@arm.com> Cc: Christoffer Dall <christoffer.dall@linaro.org> Cc: Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2014-10-09mm/dmapool.c: fixed a brace coding style issuePaul McQuade1-9/+6
Remove 3 brace coding style for any arm of this statement Signed-off-by: Paul McQuade <paulmcquad@gmail.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2014-10-09mm: ksm use pr_err instead of printkPaul McQuade1-2/+2
WARNING: Prefer: pr_err(... to printk(KERN_ERR ... [akpm@linux-foundation.org: remove KERN_ERR] Signed-off-by: Paul McQuade <paulmcquad@gmail.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2014-10-09mm/bootmem.c: use include/linux/ headersPaul McQuade1-2/+2
Replace asm. headers with linux/headers: <linux/bug.h> <linux/io.h> Signed-off-by: Paul McQuade <paulmcquad@gmail.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2014-10-09mm/filemap.c: remove trailing whitespacePaul McQuade1-2/+2
Signed-off-by: Paul McQuade <paulmcquad@gmail.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2014-10-09mm/mremap.c: use linux headersPaul McQuade1-1/+1
"WARNING: Use #include <linux/uaccess.h> instead of <asm/uaccess.h>" Signed-off-by: Paul McQuade <paulmcquad@gmail.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2014-10-09memcg: zap memcg_can_account_kmemVladimir Davydov1-9/+3
memcg_can_account_kmem() returns true iff !mem_cgroup_disabled() && !mem_cgroup_is_root(memcg) && memcg_kmem_is_active(memcg); To begin with the !mem_cgroup_is_root(memcg) check is useless, because one can't enable kmem accounting for the root cgroup (mem_cgroup_write() returns EINVAL on an attempt to set the limit on the root cgroup). Furthermore, the !mem_cgroup_disabled() check also seems to be redundant. The point is memcg_can_account_kmem() is called from three places: mem_cgroup_salbinfo_read(), __memcg_kmem_get_cache(), and __memcg_kmem_newpage_charge(). The latter two functions are only invoked if memcg_kmem_enabled() returns true, which implies that the memory cgroup subsystem is enabled. And mem_cgroup_slabinfo_read() shows the output of memory.kmem.slabinfo, which won't exist if the memory cgroup is completely disabled. So let's substitute all the calls to memcg_can_account_kmem() with plain memcg_kmem_is_active(), and kill the former. Signed-off-by: Vladimir Davydov <vdavydov@parallels.com> Acked-by: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org> Cc: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.cz> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2014-10-09mm: memcontrol: fix transparent huge page allocations under pressureJohannes Weiner2-55/+21
In a memcg with even just moderate cache pressure, success rates for transparent huge page allocations drop to zero, wasting a lot of effort that the allocator puts into assembling these pages. The reason for this is that the memcg reclaim code was never designed for higher-order charges. It reclaims in small batches until there is room for at least one page. Huge page charges only succeed when these batches add up over a series of huge faults, which is unlikely under any significant load involving order-0 allocations in the group. Remove that loop on the memcg side in favor of passing the actual reclaim goal to direct reclaim, which is already set up and optimized to meet higher-order goals efficiently. This brings memcg's THP policy in line with the system policy: if the allocator painstakingly assembles a hugepage, memcg will at least make an honest effort to charge it. As a result, transparent hugepage allocation rates amid cache activity are drastically improved: vanilla patched pgalloc 4717530.80 ( +0.00%) 4451376.40 ( -5.64%) pgfault 491370.60 ( +0.00%) 225477.40 ( -54.11%) pgmajfault 2.00 ( +0.00%) 1.80 ( -6.67%) thp_fault_alloc 0.00 ( +0.00%) 531.60 (+100.00%) thp_fault_fallback 749.00 ( +0.00%) 217.40 ( -70.88%) [ Note: this may in turn increase memory consumption from internal fragmentation, which is an inherent risk of transparent hugepages. Some setups may have to adjust the memcg limits accordingly to accomodate this - or, if the machine is already packed to capacity, disable the transparent huge page feature. ] Signed-off-by: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org> Reviewed-by: Vladimir Davydov <vdavydov@parallels.com> Cc: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.cz> Cc: Dave Hansen <dave@sr71.net> Cc: Greg Thelen <gthelen@google.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2014-10-09mm: memcontrol: simplify detecting when the memory+swap limit is hitJohannes Weiner1-34/+13
When attempting to charge pages, we first charge the memory counter and then the memory+swap counter. If one of the counters is at its limit, we enter reclaim, but if it's the memory+swap counter, reclaim shouldn't swap because that wouldn't change the situation. However, if the counters have the same limits, we never get to the memory+swap limit. To know whether reclaim should swap or not, there is a state flag that indicates whether the limits are equal and whether hitting the memory limit implies hitting the memory+swap limit. Just try the memory+swap counter first. Signed-off-by: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org> Reviewed-by: Vladimir Davydov <vdavydov@parallels.com> Acked-by: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.cz> Cc: Dave Hansen <dave@sr71.net> Cc: Greg Thelen <gthelen@google.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2014-10-09mm: memcontrol: do not kill uncharge batching in free_pages_and_swap_cacheMichal Hocko2-21/+23
free_pages_and_swap_cache limits release_pages to PAGEVEC_SIZE chunks. This is not a big deal for the normal release path but it completely kills memcg uncharge batching which reduces res_counter spin_lock contention. Dave has noticed this with his page fault scalability test case on a large machine when the lock was basically dominating on all CPUs: 80.18% 80.18% [kernel] [k] _raw_spin_lock | --- _raw_spin_lock | |--66.59%-- res_counter_uncharge_until | res_counter_uncharge | uncharge_batch | uncharge_list | mem_cgroup_uncharge_list | release_pages | free_pages_and_swap_cache | tlb_flush_mmu_free | | | |--90.12%-- unmap_single_vma | | unmap_vmas | | unmap_region | | do_munmap | | vm_munmap | | sys_munmap | | system_call_fastpath | | __GI___munmap | | | --9.88%-- tlb_flush_mmu | tlb_finish_mmu | unmap_region | do_munmap | vm_munmap | sys_munmap | system_call_fastpath | __GI___munmap In his case the load was running in the root memcg and that part has been handled by reverting 05b843012335 ("mm: memcontrol: use root_mem_cgroup res_counter") because this is a clear regression, but the problem remains inside dedicated memcgs. There is no reason to limit release_pages to PAGEVEC_SIZE batches other than lru_lock held times. This logic, however, can be moved inside the function. mem_cgroup_uncharge_list and free_hot_cold_page_list do not hold any lock for the whole pages_to_free list so it is safe to call them in a single run. The release_pages() code was previously breaking the lru_lock each PAGEVEC_SIZE pages (ie, 14 pages). However this code has no usage of pagevecs so switch to breaking the lock at least every SWAP_CLUSTER_MAX (32) pages. This means that the lock acquisition frequency is approximately halved and the max hold times are approximately doubled. The now unneeded batching is removed from free_pages_and_swap_cache(). Also update the grossly out-of-date release_pages documentation. Signed-off-by: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.cz> Signed-off-by: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org> Reported-by: Dave Hansen <dave@sr71.net> Cc: Vladimir Davydov <vdavydov@parallels.com> Cc: Greg Thelen <gthelen@google.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2014-10-09mm: dmapool: add/remove sysfs file outside of the pool lock lockSebastian Andrzej Siewior1-8/+35
cat /sys/.../pools followed by removal the device leads to: |====================================================== |[ INFO: possible circular locking dependency detected ] |3.17.0-rc4+ #1498 Not tainted |------------------------------------------------------- |rmmod/2505 is trying to acquire lock: | (s_active#28){++++.+}, at: [<c017f754>] kernfs_remove_by_name_ns+0x3c/0x88 | |but task is already holding lock: | (pools_lock){+.+.+.}, at: [<c011494c>] dma_pool_destroy+0x18/0x17c | |which lock already depends on the new lock. |the existing dependency chain (in reverse order) is: | |-> #1 (pools_lock){+.+.+.}: | [<c0114ae8>] show_pools+0x30/0xf8 | [<c0313210>] dev_attr_show+0x1c/0x48 | [<c0180e84>] sysfs_kf_seq_show+0x88/0x10c | [<c017f960>] kernfs_seq_show+0x24/0x28 | [<c013efc4>] seq_read+0x1b8/0x480 | [<c011e820>] vfs_read+0x8c/0x148 | [<c011ea10>] SyS_read+0x40/0x8c | [<c000e960>] ret_fast_syscall+0x0/0x48 | |-> #0 (s_active#28){++++.+}: | [<c017e9ac>] __kernfs_remove+0x258/0x2ec | [<c017f754>] kernfs_remove_by_name_ns+0x3c/0x88 | [<c0114a7c>] dma_pool_destroy+0x148/0x17c | [<c03ad288>] hcd_buffer_destroy+0x20/0x34 | [<c03a4780>] usb_remove_hcd+0x110/0x1a4 The problem is the lock order of pools_lock and kernfs_mutex in dma_pool_destroy() vs show_pools() call path. This patch breaks out the creation of the sysfs file outside of the pools_lock mutex. The newly added pools_reg_lock ensures that there is no race of create vs destroy code path in terms whether or not the sysfs file has to be deleted (and was it deleted before we try to create a new one) and what to do if device_create_file() failed. Signed-off-by: Sebastian Andrzej Siewior <bigeasy@linutronix.de> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2014-10-09memcg: move memcg_update_cache_size() to slab_common.cVladimir Davydov2-51/+28
`While growing per memcg caches arrays, we jump between memcontrol.c and slab_common.c in a weird way: memcg_alloc_cache_id - memcontrol.c memcg_update_all_caches - slab_common.c memcg_update_cache_size - memcontrol.c There's absolutely no reason why memcg_update_cache_size can't live on the slab's side though. So let's move it there and settle it comfortably amid per-memcg cache allocation functions. Besides, this patch cleans this function up a bit, removing all the useless comments from it, and renames it to memcg_update_cache_params to conform to memcg_alloc/free_cache_params, which we already have in slab_common.c. Signed-off-by: Vladimir Davydov <vdavydov@parallels.com> Acked-by: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org> Acked-by: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.cz> Cc: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux.com> Cc: Glauber Costa <glommer@gmail.com> Cc: Joonsoo Kim <iamjoonsoo.kim@lge.com> Cc: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com> Cc: Pekka Enberg <penberg@kernel.org> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2014-10-09memcg: don't call memcg_update_all_caches if new cache id fitsVladimir Davydov1-64/+72
memcg_update_all_caches grows arrays of per-memcg caches, so we only need to call it when memcg_limited_groups_array_size is increased. However, currently we invoke it each time a new kmem-active memory cgroup is created. Then it just iterates over all slab_caches and does nothing (memcg_update_cache_size returns immediately). This patch fixes this insanity. In the meantime it moves the code dealing with id allocations to separate functions, memcg_alloc_cache_id and memcg_free_cache_id. Signed-off-by: Vladimir Davydov <vdavydov@parallels.com> Cc: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org> Acked-by: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.cz> Cc: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux.com> Cc: Glauber Costa <glommer@gmail.com> Cc: Joonsoo Kim <iamjoonsoo.kim@lge.com> Cc: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com> Cc: Pekka Enberg <penberg@kernel.org> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2014-10-09memcg: move memcg_{alloc,free}_cache_params to slab_common.cVladimir Davydov2-38/+47
The only reason why they live in memcontrol.c is that we get/put css reference to the owner memory cgroup in them. However, we can do that in memcg_{un,}register_cache. OTOH, there are several reasons to move them to slab_common.c. First, I think that the less public interface functions we have in memcontrol.h the better. Since the functions I move don't depend on memcontrol, I think it's worth making them private to slab, especially taking into account that the arrays are defined on the slab's side too. Second, the way how per-memcg arrays are updated looks rather awkward: it proceeds from memcontrol.c (__memcg_activate_kmem) to slab_common.c (memcg_update_all_caches) and back to memcontrol.c again (memcg_update_array_size). In the following patches I move the function relocating the arrays (memcg_update_array_size) to slab_common.c and therefore get rid this circular call path. I think we should have the cache allocation stuff in the same place where we have relocation, because it's easier to follow the code then. So I move arrays alloc/free functions to slab_common.c too. The third point isn't obvious. I'm going to make the list_lru structure per-memcg to allow targeted kmem reclaim. That means we will have per-memcg arrays in list_lrus too. It turns out that it's much easier to update these arrays in list_lru.c rather than in memcontrol.c, because all the stuff we need is defined there. This patch makes memcg caches arrays allocation path conform that of the upcoming list_lru. So let's move these functions to slab_common.c and make them static. Signed-off-by: Vladimir Davydov <vdavydov@parallels.com> Acked-by: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org> Acked-by: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.cz> Cc: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux.com> Cc: Glauber Costa <glommer@gmail.com> Cc: Joonsoo Kim <iamjoonsoo.kim@lge.com> Cc: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com> Cc: Pekka Enberg <penberg@kernel.org> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2014-10-09mm/debug.c: use pr_emerg()Andrew Morton1-12/+9
- s/KERN_ALERT/pr_emerg/: we're going BUG so let's maximize the changes of getting the message out. - convert debug.c to pr_foo() Cc: Sasha Levin <sasha.levin@oracle.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2014-10-09mm: use VM_BUG_ON_MM where possibleSasha Levin4-6/+7
Dump the contents of the relevant struct_mm when we hit the bug condition. Signed-off-by: Sasha Levin <sasha.levin@oracle.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2014-10-09mm: introduce VM_BUG_ON_MMSasha Levin1-0/+78
Very similar to VM_BUG_ON_PAGE and VM_BUG_ON_VMA, dump struct_mm when the bug is hit. [akpm@linux-foundation.org: coding-style fixes] [mhocko@suse.cz: fix build] [mhocko@suse.cz: fix build some more] [akpm@linux-foundation.org: do strange things to avoid doing strange things for the comma separators] Signed-off-by: Sasha Levin <sasha.levin@oracle.com> Cc: Dave Jones <davej@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.cz> Cc: Valdis Kletnieks <Valdis.Kletnieks@vt.edu> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2014-10-09mm: move debug code out of page_alloc.cSasha Levin3-161/+163
dump_page() and dump_vma() are not specific to page_alloc.c, move them out so page_alloc.c won't turn into the unofficial debug repository. Signed-off-by: Sasha Levin <sasha.levin@oracle.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2014-10-09mm: page_alloc: default node-ordering on 64-bit NUMA, zone-ordering on 32-bitMel Gorman1-58/+20
Zones are allocated by the page allocator in either node or zone order. Node ordering is preferred in terms of locality and is applied automatically in one of three cases: 1. If a node has only low memory 2. If DMA/DMA32 is a high percentage of memory 3. If low memory on a single node is greater than 70% of the node size Otherwise zone ordering is used to preserve low memory for devices that require it. Unfortunately a consequence of this is that applications running on a machine with balanced NUMA nodes will experience different performance characteristics depending on which node they happen to start from. The point of zone ordering is to protect lower zones for devices that require DMA/DMA32 memory. When NUMA was first introduced, this was critical as 32-bit NUMA machines existed and exhausting low memory triggered OOMs easily as so many allocations required low memory. On 64-bit machines the primary concern is devices that are 32-bit only which is less severe than the low memory exhaustion problem on 32-bit NUMA. It seems there are really few devices that depends on it. AGP -- I assume this is getting more rare but even then I think the allocations happen early in boot time where lowmem pressure is less of a problem DRM -- If the device is 32-bit only then there may be low pressure. I didn't evaluate these in detail but it looks like some of these are mobile graphics card. Not many NUMA laptops out there. DRM folk should know better though. Some TV cards -- Much demand for 32-bit capable TV cards on NUMA machines? B43 wireless card -- again not really a NUMA thing. I cannot find a good reason to incur a performance penalty on all 64-bit NUMA machines in case someone throws a brain damanged TV or graphics card in there. This patch defaults to node-ordering on 64-bit NUMA machines. I was tempted to make it default everywhere but I understand that some embedded arches may be using 32-bit NUMA where I cannot predict the consequences. The performance impact depends on the workload and the characteristics of the machine and the machine I tested on had a large Normal zone on node 0 so the impact is within the noise for the majority of tests. The allocation stats show more allocation requests were from DMA32 and local node. Running SpecJBB with multiple JVMs and automatic NUMA balancing disabled the results were specjbb 3.17.0-rc2 3.17.0-rc2 vanilla nodeorder-v1r1 Min 1 29534.00 ( 0.00%) 30020.00 ( 1.65%) Min 10 115717.00 ( 0.00%) 134038.00 ( 15.83%) Min 19 109718.00 ( 0.00%) 114186.00 ( 4.07%) Min 28 104459.00 ( 0.00%) 103639.00 ( -0.78%) Min 37 98245.00 ( 0.00%) 103756.00 ( 5.61%) Min 46 97198.00 ( 0.00%) 96197.00 ( -1.03%) Mean 1 30953.25 ( 0.00%) 31917.75 ( 3.12%) Mean 10 124432.50 ( 0.00%) 140904.00 ( 13.24%) Mean 19 116033.50 ( 0.00%) 119294.75 ( 2.81%) Mean 28 108365.25 ( 0.00%) 106879.50 ( -1.37%) Mean 37 102984.75 ( 0.00%) 106924.25 ( 3.83%) Mean 46 100783.25 ( 0.00%) 105368.50 ( 4.55%) Stddev 1 1260.38 ( 0.00%) 1109.66 ( 11.96%) Stddev 10 7434.03 ( 0.00%) 5171.91 ( 30.43%) Stddev 19 8453.84 ( 0.00%) 5309.59 ( 37.19%) Stddev 28 4184.55 ( 0.00%) 2906.63 ( 30.54%) Stddev 37 5409.49 ( 0.00%) 3192.12 ( 40.99%) Stddev 46 4521.95 ( 0.00%) 7392.52 (-63.48%) Max 1 32738.00 ( 0.00%) 32719.00 ( -0.06%) Max 10 136039.00 ( 0.00%) 148614.00 ( 9.24%) Max 19 130566.00 ( 0.00%) 127418.00 ( -2.41%) Max 28 115404.00 ( 0.00%) 111254.00 ( -3.60%) Max 37 112118.00 ( 0.00%) 111732.00 ( -0.34%) Max 46 108541.00 ( 0.00%) 116849.00 ( 7.65%) TPut 1 123813.00 ( 0.00%) 127671.00 ( 3.12%) TPut 10 497730.00 ( 0.00%) 563616.00 ( 13.24%) TPut 19 464134.00 ( 0.00%) 477179.00 ( 2.81%) TPut 28 433461.00 ( 0.00%) 427518.00 ( -1.37%) TPut 37 411939.00 ( 0.00%) 427697.00 ( 3.83%) TPut 46 403133.00 ( 0.00%) 421474.00 ( 4.55%) 3.17.0-rc2 3.17.0-rc2 vanillanodeorder-v1r1 DMA allocs 0 0 DMA32 allocs 57 1491992 Normal allocs 32543566 30026383 Movable allocs 0 0 Direct pages scanned 0 0 Kswapd pages scanned 0 0 Kswapd pages reclaimed 0 0 Direct pages reclaimed 0 0 Kswapd efficiency 100% 100% Kswapd velocity 0.000 0.000 Direct efficiency 100% 100% Direct velocity 0.000 0.000 Percentage direct scans 0% 0% Zone normal velocity 0.000 0.000 Zone dma32 velocity 0.000 0.000 Zone dma velocity 0.000 0.000 THP fault alloc 55164 52987 THP collapse alloc 139 147 THP splits 26 21 NUMA alloc hit 4169066 4250692 NUMA alloc miss 0 0 Note that there were more DMA32 allocations with the patch applied. In this particular case there was no difference in numa_hit and numa_miss. The expectation is that DMA32 was being used at the low watermark instead of falling into the slow path. kswapd was not woken but it's not worken for THP allocations. On 32-bit, this patch defaults to zone-ordering as low memory depletion can be a serious problem on 32-bit large memory machines. If the default ordering was node then processes on node 0 will deplete the Normal zone due to normal activity. The problem is worse if CONFIG_HIGHPTE is not set. If combined with large amounts of dirty/writeback pages in Normal zone then there is also a high risk of OOM. The heuristics are removed as it's not clear they were ever important on 32-bit. They were only relevant for setting node-ordering on 64-bit. Signed-off-by: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de> Acked-by: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org> Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com> Cc: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com> Cc: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com> Cc: Fengguang Wu <fengguang.wu@intel.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2014-10-09mm: page_alloc: Make paranoid check in move_freepages a VM_BUG_ONMel Gorman1-1/+1
Since 2.6.24 there has been a paranoid check in move_freepages that looks up the zone of two pages. This is a very slow path and the only time I've seen this bug trigger recently is when memory initialisation was broken during patch development. Despite the fact it's a slow path, this patch converts the check to a VM_BUG_ON anyway as it has served its purpose by now. Signed-off-by: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de> Acked-by: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com> Acked-by: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com> Acked-by: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2014-10-09mm/compaction.c: fix warning of 'flags' may be used uninitializedXiubo Li1-2/+2
C mm/compaction.o mm/compaction.c: In function isolate_freepages_block: mm/compaction.c:364:37: warning: flags may be used uninitialized in this function [-Wmaybe-uninitialized] && compact_unlock_should_abort(&cc->zone->lock, flags, ^ Signed-off-by: Xiubo Li <Li.Xiubo@freescale.com> Cc: Vlastimil Babka <vbabka@suse.cz> Cc: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de> Cc: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com> Cc: Minchan Kim <minchan@kernel.org> Cc: Arnd Bergmann <arnd@arndb.de> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2014-10-09mm/mmap.c: clean up CONFIG_DEBUG_VM_RB checksAndrew Morton1-6/+11
- be consistent in printing the test which failed - one message was actually wrong (a<b != b>a) - don't print second bogus warning if browse_rb() failed Cc: Sasha Levin <sasha.levin@oracle.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2014-10-09mm: clean up zone flagsJohannes Weiner4-22/+22
Page reclaim tests zone_is_reclaim_dirty(), but the site that actually sets this state does zone_set_flag(zone, ZONE_TAIL_LRU_DIRTY), sending the reader through layers indirection just to track down a simple bit. Remove all zone flag wrappers and just use bitops against zone->flags directly. It's just as readable and the lines are barely any longer. Also rename ZONE_TAIL_LRU_DIRTY to ZONE_DIRTY to match ZONE_WRITEBACK, and remove the zone_flags_t typedef. Signed-off-by: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org> Acked-by: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com> Acked-by: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2014-10-09mm/page-writeback.c: use min3/max3 macros to avoid shadow warningsMark Rustad1-4/+4
Nested calls to min/max functions result in shadow warnings in W=2 builds. Avoid the warning by using the min3 and max3 macros to get the min/max of 3 values instead of nested calls. Signed-off-by: Mark Rustad <mark.d.rustad@intel.com> Signed-off-by: Jeff Kirsher <jeffrey.t.kirsher@intel.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2014-10-09mm: page_alloc: avoid wakeup kswapd on the unintended nodeWeijie Yang1-3/+6
When entering the page_alloc slowpath, we wakeup kswapd on every pgdat according to the zonelist and high_zoneidx. However, this doesn't take nodemask into account, and could prematurely wakeup kswapd on some unintended nodes. This patch uses for_each_zone_zonelist_nodemask() instead of for_each_zone_zonelist() in wake_all_kswapds() to avoid the above situation. Signed-off-by: Weijie Yang <weijie.yang@samsung.com> Acked-by: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de> Acked-by: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org> Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com> Cc: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2014-10-09mm: convert a few VM_BUG_ON callers to VM_BUG_ON_VMASasha Levin7-21/+22
Trivially convert a few VM_BUG_ON calls to VM_BUG_ON_VMA to extract more information when they trigger. [akpm@linux-foundation.org: coding-style fixes] Signed-off-by: Sasha Levin <sasha.levin@oracle.com> Reviewed-by: Naoya Horiguchi <n-horiguchi@ah.jp.nec.com> Cc: Kirill A. Shutemov <kirill.shutemov@linux.intel.com> Cc: Konstantin Khlebnikov <khlebnikov@openvz.org> Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com> Cc: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de> Cc: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.cz> Cc: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com> Cc: Vlastimil Babka <vbabka@suse.cz> Cc: Michel Lespinasse <walken@google.com> Cc: Minchan Kim <minchan@kernel.org> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2014-10-09mm: introduce dump_vmaSasha Levin1-9/+73
Introduce a helper to dump information about a VMA, this also makes dump_page_flags more generic and re-uses that so the output looks very similar to dump_page: [ 61.903437] vma ffff88070f88be00 start 00007fff25970000 end 00007fff25992000 [ 61.903437] next ffff88070facd600 prev ffff88070face400 mm ffff88070fade000 [ 61.903437] prot 8000000000000025 anon_vma ffff88070fa1e200 vm_ops (null) [ 61.903437] pgoff 7ffffffdd file (null) private_data (null) [ 61.909129] flags: 0x100173(read|write|mayread|maywrite|mayexec|growsdown|account) [akpm@linux-foundation.org: make dump_vma() require CONFIG_DEBUG_VM] [swarren@nvidia.com: fix dump_vma() compilation] Signed-off-by: Sasha Levin <sasha.levin@oracle.com> Reviewed-by: Naoya Horiguchi <n-horiguchi@ah.jp.nec.com> Cc: Kirill A. Shutemov <kirill.shutemov@linux.intel.com> Cc: Konstantin Khlebnikov <khlebnikov@openvz.org> Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com> Cc: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de> Cc: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.cz> Cc: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com> Cc: Vlastimil Babka <vbabka@suse.cz> Cc: Michel Lespinasse <walken@google.com> Cc: Minchan Kim <minchan@kernel.org> Signed-off-by: Stephen Warren <swarren@nvidia.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

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