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2014-12-05samples: bpf: large eBPF program in CAlexei Starovoitov3-0/+263
sockex2_kern.c is purposefully large eBPF program in C. llvm compiles ~200 lines of C code into ~300 eBPF instructions. It's similar to __skb_flow_dissect() to demonstrate that complex packet parsing can be done by eBPF. Then it uses (struct flow_keys)->dst IP address (or hash of ipv6 dst) to keep stats of number of packets per IP. User space loads eBPF program, attaches it to loopback interface and prints dest_ip->#packets stats every second. Usage: $sudo samples/bpf/sockex2 ip 127.0.0.1 count 19 ip 127.0.0.1 count 178115 ip 127.0.0.1 count 369437 ip 127.0.0.1 count 559841 ip 127.0.0.1 count 750539 Signed-off-by: Alexei Starovoitov <ast@plumgrid.com> Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
2014-12-05samples: bpf: trivial eBPF program in CAlexei Starovoitov4-1/+89
this example does the same task as previous socket example in assembler, but this one does it in C. eBPF program in kernel does: /* assume that packet is IPv4, load one byte of IP->proto */ int index = load_byte(skb, ETH_HLEN + offsetof(struct iphdr, protocol)); long *value; value = bpf_map_lookup_elem(&my_map, &index); if (value) __sync_fetch_and_add(value, 1); Corresponding user space reads map[tcp], map[udp], map[icmp] and prints protocol stats every second Signed-off-by: Alexei Starovoitov <ast@plumgrid.com> Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
2014-12-05samples: bpf: elf_bpf file loaderAlexei Starovoitov3-0/+267
simple .o parser and loader using BPF syscall. .o is a standard ELF generated by LLVM backend It parses elf file compiled by llvm .c->.o - parses 'maps' section and creates maps via BPF syscall - parses 'license' section and passes it to syscall - parses elf relocations for BPF maps and adjusts BPF_LD_IMM64 insns by storing map_fd into insn->imm and marking such insns as BPF_PSEUDO_MAP_FD - loads eBPF programs via BPF syscall One ELF file can contain multiple BPF programs. int load_bpf_file(char *path); populates prog_fd[] and map_fd[] with FDs received from bpf syscall bpf_helpers.h - helper functions available to eBPF programs written in C Signed-off-by: Alexei Starovoitov <ast@plumgrid.com> Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
2014-12-05samples: bpf: example of stateful socket filteringAlexei Starovoitov4-0/+144
this socket filter example does: - creates arraymap in kernel with key 4 bytes and value 8 bytes - loads eBPF program which assumes that packet is IPv4 and loads one byte of IP->proto from the packet and uses it as a key in a map r0 = skb->data[ETH_HLEN + offsetof(struct iphdr, protocol)]; *(u32*)(fp - 4) = r0; value = bpf_map_lookup_elem(map_fd, fp - 4); if (value) (*(u64*)value) += 1; - attaches this program to raw socket - every second user space reads map[IPPROTO_TCP], map[IPPROTO_UDP], map[IPPROTO_ICMP] to see how many packets of given protocol were seen on loopback interface Usage: $sudo samples/bpf/sock_example TCP 0 UDP 0 ICMP 0 packets TCP 187600 UDP 0 ICMP 4 packets TCP 376504 UDP 0 ICMP 8 packets TCP 563116 UDP 0 ICMP 12 packets TCP 753144 UDP 0 ICMP 16 packets Signed-off-by: Alexei Starovoitov <ast@plumgrid.com> Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
2014-11-18bpf: remove test map scaffolding and user proper typesAlexei Starovoitov1-7/+7
proper types and function helpers are ready. Use them in verifier testsuite. Remove temporary stubs Signed-off-by: Alexei Starovoitov <ast@plumgrid.com> Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
2014-11-18bpf: add a testsuite for eBPF mapsAlexei Starovoitov4-3/+296
. check error conditions and sanity of hash and array map APIs . check large maps (that kernel gracefully switches to vmalloc from kmalloc) . check multi-process parallel access and stress test Signed-off-by: Alexei Starovoitov <ast@plumgrid.com> Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
2014-10-30samples: bpf: add a verifier test and summary lineAlexei Starovoitov1-1/+45
- add a test specifically targeting verifier state pruning. It checks state propagation between registers, storing that state into stack and state pruning algorithm recognizing equivalent stack and register states. - add summary line to spot failures easier Signed-off-by: Alexei Starovoitov <ast@plumgrid.com> Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
2014-10-21bpf: fix bug in eBPF verifierAlexei Starovoitov1-0/+11
while comparing for verifier state equivalency the comparison was missing a check for uninitialized register. Make sure it does so and add a testcase. Fixes: f1bca824dabb ("bpf: add search pruning optimization to verifier") Cc: Hannes Frederic Sowa <hannes@stressinduktion.org> Signed-off-by: Alexei Starovoitov <ast@plumgrid.com> Acked-by: Hannes Frederic Sowa <hannes@stressinduktion.org> Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
2014-10-08Merge git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/davem/net-nextLinus Torvalds4-0/+956
Pull networking updates from David Miller: "Most notable changes in here: 1) By far the biggest accomplishment, thanks to a large range of contributors, is the addition of multi-send for transmit. This is the result of discussions back in Chicago, and the hard work of several individuals. Now, when the ->ndo_start_xmit() method of a driver sees skb->xmit_more as true, it can choose to defer the doorbell telling the driver to start processing the new TX queue entires. skb->xmit_more means that the generic networking is guaranteed to call the driver immediately with another SKB to send. There is logic added to the qdisc layer to dequeue multiple packets at a time, and the handling mis-predicted offloads in software is now done with no locks held. Finally, pktgen is extended to have a "burst" parameter that can be used to test a multi-send implementation. Several drivers have xmit_more support: i40e, igb, ixgbe, mlx4, virtio_net Adding support is almost trivial, so export more drivers to support this optimization soon. I want to thank, in no particular or implied order, Jesper Dangaard Brouer, Eric Dumazet, Alexander Duyck, Tom Herbert, Jamal Hadi Salim, John Fastabend, Florian Westphal, Daniel Borkmann, David Tat, Hannes Frederic Sowa, and Rusty Russell. 2) PTP and timestamping support in bnx2x, from Michal Kalderon. 3) Allow adjusting the rx_copybreak threshold for a driver via ethtool, and add rx_copybreak support to enic driver. From Govindarajulu Varadarajan. 4) Significant enhancements to the generic PHY layer and the bcm7xxx driver in particular (EEE support, auto power down, etc.) from Florian Fainelli. 5) Allow raw buffers to be used for flow dissection, allowing drivers to determine the optimal "linear pull" size for devices that DMA into pools of pages. The objective is to get exactly the necessary amount of headers into the linear SKB area pre-pulled, but no more. The new interface drivers use is eth_get_headlen(). From WANG Cong, with driver conversions (several had their own by-hand duplicated implementations) by Alexander Duyck and Eric Dumazet. 6) Support checksumming more smoothly and efficiently for encapsulations, and add "foo over UDP" facility. From Tom Herbert. 7) Add Broadcom SF2 switch driver to DSA layer, from Florian Fainelli. 8) eBPF now can load programs via a system call and has an extensive testsuite. Alexei Starovoitov and Daniel Borkmann. 9) Major overhaul of the packet scheduler to use RCU in several major areas such as the classifiers and rate estimators. From John Fastabend. 10) Add driver for Intel FM10000 Ethernet Switch, from Alexander Duyck. 11) Rearrange TCP_SKB_CB() to reduce cache line misses, from Eric Dumazet. 12) Add Datacenter TCP congestion control algorithm support, From Florian Westphal. 13) Reorganize sk_buff so that __copy_skb_header() is significantly faster. From Eric Dumazet" * git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/davem/net-next: (1558 commits) netlabel: directly return netlbl_unlabel_genl_init() net: add netdev_txq_bql_{enqueue, complete}_prefetchw() helpers net: description of dma_cookie cause make xmldocs warning cxgb4: clean up a type issue cxgb4: potential shift wrapping bug i40e: skb->xmit_more support net: fs_enet: Add NAPI TX net: fs_enet: Remove non NAPI RX r8169:add support for RTL8168EP net_sched: copy exts->type in tcf_exts_change() wimax: convert printk to pr_foo() af_unix: remove 0 assignment on static ipv6: Do not warn for informational ICMP messages, regardless of type. Update Intel Ethernet Driver maintainers list bridge: Save frag_max_size between PRE_ROUTING and POST_ROUTING tipc: fix bug in multicast congestion handling net: better IFF_XMIT_DST_RELEASE support net/mlx4_en: remove NETDEV_TX_BUSY 3c59x: fix bad split of cpu_to_le32(pci_map_single()) net: bcmgenet: fix Tx ring priority programming ...
2014-10-01bpf: add tests to verifier testsuiteAlexei Starovoitov1-0/+130
add 4 extra tests to cover jump verification better Signed-off-by: Alexei Starovoitov <ast@plumgrid.com> Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
2014-09-26bpf: mini eBPF library, test stubs and verifier testsuiteAlexei Starovoitov4-0/+826
1. the library includes a trivial set of BPF syscall wrappers: int bpf_create_map(int key_size, int value_size, int max_entries); int bpf_update_elem(int fd, void *key, void *value); int bpf_lookup_elem(int fd, void *key, void *value); int bpf_delete_elem(int fd, void *key); int bpf_get_next_key(int fd, void *key, void *next_key); int bpf_prog_load(enum bpf_prog_type prog_type, const struct sock_filter_int *insns, int insn_len, const char *license); bpf_prog_load() stores verifier log into global bpf_log_buf[] array and BPF_*() macros to build instructions 2. test stubs configure eBPF infra with 'unspec' map and program types. These are fake types used by user space testsuite only. 3. verifier tests valid and invalid programs and expects predefined error log messages from kernel. 40 tests so far. $ sudo ./test_verifier #0 add+sub+mul OK #1 unreachable OK #2 unreachable2 OK #3 out of range jump OK #4 out of range jump2 OK #5 test1 ld_imm64 OK ... Signed-off-by: Alexei Starovoitov <ast@plumgrid.com> Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
2014-09-26kprobes: update jprobe_example.c for do_fork() changeMichael Ellerman1-5/+4
In commit e80d666 "flagday: kill pt_regs argument of do_fork()", the arguments to do_fork() changed. The example code in jprobe_example.c was not updated to match, so the arguments inside the jprobe handler do not match reality. Fix it by updating the arguments to match do_fork(). While we're at it use pr_info() for brevity, and print stack_start as well for interest. Signed-off-by: Michael Ellerman <mpe@ellerman.id.au> Acked-by: Masami Hiramatsu <masami.hiramatsu.pt@hitachi.com> Signed-off-by: Jiri Kosina <jkosina@suse.cz>
2014-07-01tracing: Change trace event sample to use strlcpy instead of strncpyZhao Hongjiang1-1/+1
Strings should be copied with strlcpy instead of strncpy when they will later be printed via %s. This guarantees that they terminate with a NUL '\0' character and do not run pass the end of the allocated string. This is only for sample code, but it should stil represent a good role model. Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/p/51C2E204.1080501@huawei.com Signed-off-by: Zhao Hongjiang <zhaohongjiang@huawei.com> Signed-off-by: Steven Rostedt <rostedt@goodmis.org>
2014-06-21tracing: Add __field_struct macro for TRACE_EVENT()Steven Rostedt1-1/+2
Currently the __field() macro in TRACE_EVENT is only good for primitive values, such as integers and pointers, but it fails on complex data types such as structures or unions. This is because the __field() macro determines if the variable is signed or not with the test of: (((type)(-1)) < (type)1) Unfortunately, that fails when type is a structure. Since trace events should support structures as fields a new macro is created for such a case called __field_struct() which acts exactly the same as __field() does but it does not do the signed type check and just uses a constant false for that answer. Cc: Tony Luck <tony.luck@gmail.com> Signed-off-by: Steven Rostedt <rostedt@goodmis.org>
2014-05-14samples/kobject/: avoid world-writable sysfs files.Rusty Russell2-6/+8
In line with practice for module parameters, we're adding a build-time check that sysfs files aren't world-writable. Cc: Greg Kroah-Hartman <greg@kroah.com> Signed-off-by: Rusty Russell <rusty@rustcorp.com.au>
2014-04-03samples/seccomp/Makefile: do not build tests if cross-compiling for MIPSMarkos Chandras1-4/+10
The Makefile is designed to use the host toolchain so it may be unsafe to build the tests if the kernel has been configured and built for another architecture. This fixes a build problem when the kernel has been configured and built for the MIPS architecture but the host is not MIPS (cross-compiled). The MIPS syscalls are only defined if one of the following is true: 1) _MIPS_SIM == _MIPS_SIM_ABI64 2) _MIPS_SIM == _MIPS_SIM_ABI32 3) _MIPS_SIM == _MIPS_SIM_NABI32 Of course, none of these make sense on a non-MIPS toolchain and the following build problem occurs when building on a non-MIPS host. linux/usr/include/linux/kexec.h:50: userspace cannot reference function or variable defined in the kernel samples/seccomp/bpf-direct.c: In function `emulator': samples/seccomp/bpf-direct.c:76:17: error: `__NR_write' undeclared (first use in this function) Signed-off-by: Markos Chandras <markos.chandras@imgtec.com> Reported-by: Paul Gortmaker <paul.gortmaker@windriver.com> Cc: Ralf Baechle <ralf@linux-mips.org> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2013-12-03kobject: fix kset sample error pathBjorn Helgaas1-0/+1
Previously, example_init() leaked a kset if any of the object creations failed. This fixes the leak by calling kset_unregister() in the error path. Signed-off-by: Bjorn Helgaas <bhelgaas@google.com> Signed-off-by: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>
2013-11-15kfifo API type safetyStefani Seibold3-5/+5
This patch enhances the type safety for the kfifo API. It is now safe to put const data into a non const FIFO and the API will now generate a compiler warning when reading from the fifo where the destination address is pointing to a const variable. As a side effect the kfifo_put() does now expect the value of an element instead a pointer to the element. This was suggested Russell King. It make the handling of the kfifo_put easier since there is no need to create a helper variable for getting the address of a pointer or to pass integers of different sizes. IMHO the API break is okay, since there are currently only six users of kfifo_put(). The code is also cleaner by kicking out the "if (0)" expressions. [akpm@linux-foundation.org: coding-style fixes] Signed-off-by: Stefani Seibold <stefani@seibold.net> Cc: Russell King <rmk@arm.linux.org.uk> Cc: Hauke Mehrtens <hauke@hauke-m.de> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2013-09-06Merge git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/cmetcalf/linux-tileLinus Torvalds1-0/+9
Pull Tile arch updates from Chris Metcalf: "These changes bring in a bunch of new functionality that has been maintained internally at Tilera over the last year, plus other stray bits of work that I've taken into the tile tree from other folks. The changes include some PCI root complex work, interrupt-driven console support, support for performing fast-path unaligned data fixups by kernel-based JIT code generation, CONFIG_PREEMPT support, vDSO support for gettimeofday(), a serial driver for the tilegx on-chip UART, KGDB support, more optimized string routines, support for ftrace and kprobes, improved ASLR, and many bug fixes. We also remove support for the old TILE64 chip, which is no longer buildable" * git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/cmetcalf/linux-tile: (85 commits) tile: refresh tile defconfig files tile: rework <asm/cmpxchg.h> tile PCI RC: make default consistent DMA mask 32-bit tile: add null check for kzalloc in tile/kernel/setup.c tile: make __write_once a synonym for __read_mostly tile: remove support for TILE64 tile: use asm-generic/bitops/builtin-*.h tile: eliminate no-op "noatomichash" boot argument tile: use standard tile_bundle_bits type in traps.c tile: simplify code referencing hypervisor API addresses tile: change <asm/system.h> to <asm/switch_to.h> in comments tile: mark pcibios_init() as __init tile: check for correct compiler earlier in asm-offsets.c tile: use standard 'generic-y' model for <asm/hw_irq.h> tile: use asm-generic version of <asm/local64.h> tile PCI RC: add comment about "PCI hole" problem tile: remove DEBUG_EXTRA_FLAGS kernel config option tile: add virt_to_kpte() API and clean up and document behavior tile: support FRAME_POINTER tile: support reporting Tilera hypervisor statistics ...
2013-09-06Merge branches 'for-3.12/devm', 'for-3.12/i2c-hid', 'for-3.12/i2c-hid-dt', ↵Jiri Kosina2-20/+104
'for-3.12/logitech', 'for-3.12/multitouch-win8', 'for-3.12/trasnport-driver-cleanup', 'for-3.12/uhid', 'for-3.12/upstream' and 'for-3.12/wiimote' into for-linus
2013-09-04HID: uhid: improve uhid example clientDavid Herrmann1-20/+103
This extends the uhid example client. It properly documents the built-in report-descriptor an adds explicit report-numbers. Furthermore, LED output reports are added to utilize the new UHID output reports of the kernel. Support for 3 basic LEDs is added and a small report-parser to print debug messages if output reports were received. To test this, simply write the EV_LED+LED_CAPSL+1 event to the evdev device-node of the uhid-device and the kernel will forward it to your uhid client. Signed-off-by: David Herrmann <dh.herrmann@gmail.com> Signed-off-by: Jiri Kosina <jkosina@suse.cz>
2013-08-30tile: support kprobes on tilegxTony Lu1-0/+9
This change includes support for Kprobes, Jprobes and Return Probes. Reviewed-by: Masami Hiramatsu <masami.hiramatsu.pt@hitachi.com> Signed-off-by: Tony Lu <zlu@tilera.com> Signed-off-by: Chris Metcalf <cmetcalf@tilera.com>
2013-08-20HID: samples/hidraw: add .gitignore filePaul Gortmaker1-0/+1
To fix: # Untracked files: # (use "git add <file>..." to include in what will be committed) # # samples/hidraw/hid-example as seen in git status output after an allyesconfig build. Signed-off-by: Paul Gortmaker <paul.gortmaker@windriver.com> Signed-off-by: Jiri Kosina <jkosina@suse.cz>
2013-03-27HID: hidraw: warn if userspace headers are outdatedJiri Kosina1-2/+1
Put a warning into sample hidraw code in samples/hidraw/hid-example.c in case the userspace headers are missing the necessary defines and need to be updated. Signed-off-by: Jiri Kosina <jkosina@suse.cz>
2013-02-19Merge branch 'perf-core-for-linus' of ↵Linus Torvalds7-182/+1
git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/tip/tip Pull perf changes from Ingo Molnar: "There are lots of improvements, the biggest changes are: Main kernel side changes: - Improve uprobes performance by adding 'pre-filtering' support, by Oleg Nesterov. - Make some POWER7 events available in sysfs, equivalent to what was done on x86, from Sukadev Bhattiprolu. - tracing updates by Steve Rostedt - mostly misc fixes and smaller improvements. - Use perf/event tracing to report PCI Express advanced errors, by Tony Luck. - Enable northbridge performance counters on AMD family 15h, by Jacob Shin. - This tracing commit: tracing: Remove the extra 4 bytes of padding in events changes the ABI. All involved parties (PowerTop in particular) seem to agree that it's safe to do now with the introduction of libtraceevent, but the devil is in the details ... Main tooling side changes: - Add 'event group view', from Namyung Kim: To use it, 'perf record' should group events when recording. And then perf report parses the saved group relation from file header and prints them together if --group option is provided. You can use the 'perf evlist' command to see event group information: $ perf record -e '{ref-cycles,cycles}' noploop 1 [ perf record: Woken up 2 times to write data ] [ perf record: Captured and wrote 0.385 MB perf.data (~16807 samples) ] $ perf evlist --group {ref-cycles,cycles} With this example, default perf report will show you each event separately. You can use --group option to enable event group view: $ perf report --group ... # group: {ref-cycles,cycles} # ======== # Samples: 7K of event 'anon group { ref-cycles, cycles }' # Event count (approx.): 6876107743 # # Overhead Command Shared Object Symbol # ................ ....... ................. .......................... 99.84% 99.76% noploop noploop [.] main 0.07% 0.00% noploop ld-2.15.so [.] strcmp 0.03% 0.00% noploop [kernel.kallsyms] [k] timerqueue_del 0.03% 0.03% noploop [kernel.kallsyms] [k] sched_clock_cpu 0.02% 0.00% noploop [kernel.kallsyms] [k] account_user_time 0.01% 0.00% noploop [kernel.kallsyms] [k] __alloc_pages_nodemask 0.00% 0.00% noploop [kernel.kallsyms] [k] native_write_msr_safe 0.00% 0.11% noploop [kernel.kallsyms] [k] _raw_spin_lock 0.00% 0.06% noploop [kernel.kallsyms] [k] find_get_page 0.00% 0.02% noploop [kernel.kallsyms] [k] rcu_check_callbacks 0.00% 0.02% noploop [kernel.kallsyms] [k] __current_kernel_time As you can see the Overhead column now contains both of ref-cycles and cycles and header line shows group information also - 'anon group { ref-cycles, cycles }'. The output is sorted by period of group leader first. - Initial GTK+ annotate browser, from Namhyung Kim. - Add option for runtime switching perf data file in perf report, just press 's' and a menu with the valid files found in the current directory will be presented, from Feng Tang. - Add support to display whole group data for raw columns, from Jiri Olsa. - Add per processor socket count aggregation in perf stat, from Stephane Eranian. - Add interval printing in 'perf stat', from Stephane Eranian. - 'perf test' improvements - Add support for wildcards in tracepoint system name, from Jiri Olsa. - Add anonymous huge page recognition, from Joshua Zhu. - perf build-id cache now can show DSOs present in a perf.data file that are not in the cache, to integrate with build-id servers being put in place by organizations such as Fedora. - perf top now shares more of the evsel config/creation routines with 'record', paving the way for further integration like 'top' snapshots, etc. - perf top now supports DWARF callchains. - Fix mmap limitations on 32-bit, fix from David Miller. - 'perf bench numa mem' NUMA performance measurement suite - ... and lots of fixes, performance improvements, cleanups and other improvements I failed to list - see the shortlog and git log for details." * 'perf-core-for-linus' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/tip/tip: (270 commits) perf/x86/amd: Enable northbridge performance counters on AMD family 15h perf/hwbp: Fix cleanup in case of kzalloc failure perf tools: Fix build with bison 2.3 and older. perf tools: Limit unwind support to x86 archs perf annotate: Make it to be able to skip unannotatable symbols perf gtk/annotate: Fail early if it can't annotate perf gtk/annotate: Show source lines with gray color perf gtk/annotate: Support multiple event annotation perf ui/gtk: Implement basic GTK2 annotation browser perf annotate: Fix warning message on a missing vmlinux perf buildid-cache: Add --update option uprobes/perf: Avoid uprobe_apply() whenever possible uprobes/perf: Teach trace_uprobe/perf code to use UPROBE_HANDLER_REMOVE uprobes/perf: Teach trace_uprobe/perf code to pre-filter uprobes/perf: Teach trace_uprobe/perf code to track the active perf_event's uprobes: Introduce uprobe_apply() perf: Introduce hw_perf_event->tp_target and ->tp_list uprobes/perf: Always increment trace_uprobe->nhit uprobes/tracing: Kill uprobe_trace_consumer, embed uprobe_consumer into trace_uprobe uprobes/tracing: Introduce is_trace_uprobe_enabled() ...
2013-02-05samples/seccomp: be less stupid about cross compilingArnd Bergmann1-0/+2
The seccomp filters are currently built for the build host, not for the machine that they are going to run on, but they are also built for with the -m32 flag if the kernel is built for a 32 bit machine, both of which seems rather odd. It broke allyesconfig on my machine, which is x86-64, but building for 32 bit ARM, with this error message: In file included from /usr/include/stdio.h:28:0, from samples/seccomp/bpf-fancy.c:15: /usr/include/features.h:324:26: fatal error: bits/predefs.h: No such file or directory because there are no 32 bit libc headers installed on this machine. We should really be building all the samples for the target machine rather than the build host, but since the infrastructure for that appears to be missing right now, let's be a little bit smarter and not pass the '-m32' flag to the HOSTCC when cross- compiling. Signed-off-by: Arnd Bergmann <arnd@arndb.de> Acked-by: Kees Cook <keescook@chromium.org> Cc: Heiko Carstens <heiko.carstens@de.ibm.com> Cc: James Morris <james.l.morris@oracle.com> Acked-by: Will Drewry <wad@chromium.org> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2013-01-25tracing: Remove tracepoint sample codeSteven Rostedt7-182/+1
The tracepoint sample code was used to teach developers how to create their own tracepoints. But now the trace_events have been added as a higher level that is used directly by developers today. Only the trace_event code should use the tracepoint interface directly and no new tracepoints should be added. Besides, the example had a race condition with the use of the ->d_name.name dentry field, as pointed out by Al Viro. Best just to remove the code so it wont be used by other developers. Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20130123225523.GY4939@ZenIV.linux.org.uk Cc: Al Viro <viro@ZenIV.linux.org.uk> Acked-by: Mathieu Desnoyers <mathieu.desnoyers@efficios.com> Signed-off-by: Steven Rostedt <rostedt@goodmis.org>
2013-01-03misc: remove __dev* attributes.Greg Kroah-Hartman1-2/+2
CONFIG_HOTPLUG is going away as an option. As a result, the __dev* markings need to be removed. This change removes the last of the __dev* markings from the kernel from a variety of different, tiny, places. Based on patches originally written by Bill Pemberton, but redone by me in order to handle some of the coding style issues better, by hand. Cc: Bill Pemberton <wfp5p@virginia.edu> Signed-off-by: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>
2012-09-12samples/seccomp: fix 31 bit build on s390Heiko Carstens1-8/+16
On s390 the flag to force 31 builds is -m31 instead of -m32 unlike on all (?) other architectures. Fixes this compile error: HOSTCC samples/seccomp/bpf-direct.o cc1: error: unrecognized command line option "-m32" make[2]: *** [samples/seccomp/bpf-direct.o] Error 1 Signed-off-by: Heiko Carstens <heiko.carstens@de.ibm.com> Acked-by: Kees Cook <keescook@chromium.org> Signed-off-by: James Morris <james.l.morris@oracle.com>
2012-08-17Merge tag 'v3.6-rc2' into nextJames Morris2-0/+391
Linux 3.6-rc2 Resync with Linus.
2012-08-03samples/seccomp: fix endianness bug in LO_ARG defineHeiko Carstens1-5/+10
The LO_ARG define needs to consider endianness also for 32 bit builds. The "bpf_fancy" test case didn't work on s390 in 32 bit and compat mode because the LO_ARG define resulted in a BPF program which read the upper halve of the 64 bit system call arguments instead of the lower halves. Signed-off-by: Heiko Carstens <heiko.carstens@de.ibm.com> Acked-by: Kees Cook <keescook@chromium.org> Signed-off-by: James Morris <james.l.morris@oracle.com>
2012-07-24Merge branch 'for-linus' of ↵Linus Torvalds2-0/+391
git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/jikos/hid Pull HID updates from Jiri Kosina: "The list of changes worth pointing out explicitly: - We are getting 'UHID', which is a new framework for implementing HID transport drivers in userspace (this is different from HIDRAW, which is transport-independent and provides report parsing facilities; uhid is for the other (transport) part of the pipeline). It's needed for (and currently being used by) Bluetooth-LowEnergy, as its specification mandates things we don't want in the kernel. Written by David Herrmann. - there have been quite a few bugs in runtime suspend/resume paths (probably never reported to actually happen in the wild, but still). Alan Stern fixed those. - a few other driver updates and fixes and random new device support." * 'for-linus' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/jikos/hid: (45 commits) HID: add ASUS AIO keyboard model AK1D HID: add support for Cypress barcode scanner 04B4:ED81 HID: Allow drivers to be their own listener HID: usbhid: fix error paths in suspend HID: usbhid: check for suspend or reset before restarting HID: usbhid: replace HID_REPORTED_IDLE with HID_SUSPENDED HID: usbhid: inline some simple routines HID: usbhid: fix autosuspend calls HID: usbhid: fix use-after-free bug HID: hid-core: optimize in case of hidraw HID: hidraw: fix list->buffer memleak HID: uhid: Fix sending events with invalid data HID: roccat: added sensor sysfs attribute for Savu HID: Add driver for Holtek based keyboards with broken HID HID: Add suport for the brightness control keys on HP keyboards HID: magicmouse: Implement Multi-touch Protocol B (MT-B) HID: magicmouse: Removing report_touches switch HID: roccat: rename roccat_common functions to roccat_common2 HID: roccat: fix wrong hid_err usage on struct usb_device HID: roccat: move functionality to roccat-common ...
2012-06-29samples: seccomp: add .gitignore for untracked executablesChad Williamson1-0/+3
git status should be clean following make allmodconfig && make. Add a .gitignore file to the samples/seccomp directory to ignore binaries produced there. Signed-off-by: Chad Williamson <chad@dahc.us> Reviewed-By: Will Drewry <wad@chromium.org> Acked-by: Kees Cook <keescook@chromium.org> Signed-off-by: James Morris <james.l.morris@oracle.com>
2012-06-18HID: uhid: add example programDavid Herrmann2-0/+391
This adds an example user-space program that emulates a 3 button mouse with wheel. It detects keyboard presses and moves the mouse accordingly. It register a fake HID device to feed the raw HID reports into the kernel. In this example, you could use uinput to get the same result, but this shows how to get the same behavior with uhid so you don't need HID parsers in user-space. Signed-off-by: David Herrmann <dh.herrmann@googlemail.com> Signed-off-by: Jiri Kosina <jkosina@suse.cz>
2012-04-19samples/seccomp: fix dependencies on arch macrosWill Drewry2-11/+19
This change fixes the compilation error triggered here for i386 allmodconfig in linux-next: http://kisskb.ellerman.id.au/kisskb/buildresult/6123842/ Logic attempting to predict the host architecture has been removed from the Makefile. Instead, the bpf-direct sample should now compile on any architecture, but if the architecture is not supported, it will compile a minimal main() function. This change also ensures the samples are not compiled when there is no seccomp filter support. (Note, I wasn't able to reproduce the error locally, but the existing approach was clearly flawed. This tweak should resolve your issue and avoid other future weirdness.) Reported-by: Paul Gortmaker <paul.gortmaker@windriver.com> Suggested-by: Kees Cook <keescook@chromium.org> Signed-off-by: Will Drewry <wad@chromium.org> Signed-off-by: James Morris <james.l.morris@oracle.com>
2012-04-14Documentation: prctl/seccomp_filterWill Drewry7-1/+712
Documents how system call filtering using Berkeley Packet Filter programs works and how it may be used. Includes an example for x86 and a semi-generic example using a macro-based code generator. Acked-by: Eric Paris <eparis@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: Will Drewry <wad@chromium.org> Acked-by: Kees Cook <keescook@chromium.org> v18: - added acked by - update no new privs numbers v17: - remove @compat note and add Pitfalls section for arch checking (keescook@chromium.org) v16: - v15: - v14: - rebase/nochanges v13: - rebase on to 88ebdda6159ffc15699f204c33feb3e431bf9bdc v12: - comment on the ptrace_event use - update arch support comment - note the behavior of SECCOMP_RET_DATA when there are multiple filters (keescook@chromium.org) - lots of samples/ clean up incl 64-bit bpf-direct support (markus@chromium.org) - rebase to linux-next v11: - overhaul return value language, updates (keescook@chromium.org) - comment on do_exit(SIGSYS) v10: - update for SIGSYS - update for new seccomp_data layout - update for ptrace option use v9: - updated bpf-direct.c for SIGILL v8: - add PR_SET_NO_NEW_PRIVS to the samples. v7: - updated for all the new stuff in v7: TRAP, TRACE - only talk about PR_SET_SECCOMP now - fixed bad JLE32 check (coreyb@linux.vnet.ibm.com) - adds dropper.c: a simple system call disabler v6: - tweak the language to note the requirement of PR_SET_NO_NEW_PRIVS being called prior to use. (luto@mit.edu) v5: - update sample to use system call arguments - adds a "fancy" example using a macro-based generator - cleaned up bpf in the sample - update docs to mention arguments - fix prctl value (eparis@redhat.com) - language cleanup (rdunlap@xenotime.net) v4: - update for no_new_privs use - minor tweaks v3: - call out BPF <-> Berkeley Packet Filter (rdunlap@xenotime.net) - document use of tentative always-unprivileged - guard sample compilation for i386 and x86_64 v2: - move code to samples (corbet@lwn.net) Signed-off-by: James Morris <james.l.morris@oracle.com>
2012-02-08samples/rpmsg: add an rpmsg driver sampleOhad Ben-Cohen4-1/+110
Add an rpmsg driver sample, which demonstrates how to communicate with an AMP-configured remote processor over the rpmsg bus. Note how once probed, the driver can immediately start sending messages using the rpmsg_send() API, without having to worry about creating endpoints or allocating rpmsg addresses: all that work is done by the rpmsg bus, and the required information is already embedded in the rpmsg channel that the driver is probed with. In this sample, the driver simply sends a "Hello World!" message to the remote processor repeatedly. Designed with Brian Swetland <swetland@google.com>. Signed-off-by: Ohad Ben-Cohen <ohad@wizery.com> Cc: Brian Swetland <swetland@google.com> Cc: Arnd Bergmann <arnd@arndb.de> Cc: Grant Likely <grant.likely@secretlab.ca> Cc: Tony Lindgren <tony@atomide.com> Cc: Russell King <linux@arm.linux.org.uk> Cc: Rusty Russell <rusty@rustcorp.com.au> Cc: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Cc: Greg KH <greg@kroah.com> Cc: Stephen Boyd <sboyd@codeaurora.org>
2011-10-31samples: drop unused Kconfig symbolPaul Bolle1-6/+0
Signed-off-by: Paul Bolle <pebolle@tiscali.nl> Signed-off-by: Michal Marek <mmarek@suse.cz>
2011-07-01perf: Add context field to perf_eventAvi Kivity1-1/+1
The perf_event overflow handler does not receive any caller-derived argument, so many callers need to resort to looking up the perf_event in their local data structure. This is ugly and doesn't scale if a single callback services many perf_events. Fix by adding a context parameter to perf_event_create_kernel_counter() (and derived hardware breakpoints APIs) and storing it in the perf_event. The field can be accessed from the callback as event->overflow_handler_context. All callers are updated. Signed-off-by: Avi Kivity <avi@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: Peter Zijlstra <a.p.zijlstra@chello.nl> Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/1309362157-6596-2-git-send-email-avi@redhat.com Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
2011-07-01perf: Remove the nmi parameter from the swevent and overflow interfacePeter Zijlstra1-1/+1
The nmi parameter indicated if we could do wakeups from the current context, if not, we would set some state and self-IPI and let the resulting interrupt do the wakeup. For the various event classes: - hardware: nmi=0; PMI is in fact an NMI or we run irq_work_run from the PMI-tail (ARM etc.) - tracepoint: nmi=0; since tracepoint could be from NMI context. - software: nmi=[0,1]; some, like the schedule thing cannot perform wakeups, and hence need 0. As one can see, there is very little nmi=1 usage, and the down-side of not using it is that on some platforms some software events can have a jiffy delay in wakeup (when arch_irq_work_raise isn't implemented). The up-side however is that we can remove the nmi parameter and save a bunch of conditionals in fast paths. Signed-off-by: Peter Zijlstra <a.p.zijlstra@chello.nl> Cc: Michael Cree <mcree@orcon.net.nz> Cc: Will Deacon <will.deacon@arm.com> Cc: Deng-Cheng Zhu <dengcheng.zhu@gmail.com> Cc: Anton Blanchard <anton@samba.org> Cc: Eric B Munson <emunson@mgebm.net> Cc: Heiko Carstens <heiko.carstens@de.ibm.com> Cc: Paul Mundt <lethal@linux-sh.org> Cc: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net> Cc: Frederic Weisbecker <fweisbec@gmail.com> Cc: Jason Wessel <jason.wessel@windriver.com> Cc: Don Zickus <dzickus@redhat.com> Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/n/tip-agjev8eu666tvknpb3iaj0fg@git.kernel.org Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
2011-05-23Merge branches 'doc', 'multitouch', 'upstream' and 'upstream-fixes' into ↵Jiri Kosina2-2/+2
for-linus
2011-04-21HID: hid-example: fix some build issuesRandy Dunlap2-2/+4
samples/hid-example.o needs some Kconfig and Makefile additions in order to build. It should use <linux/*.h> headers from the build tree, so use HEADERS_CHECK to require that those header files be present. Change the kconfig symbol from tristate to bool since userspace cannot be built as loadable modules. However, I don't understand why the userspace header files are not present as reported in Andrew's build log, since it builds OK on x86_64 without any of these changes. Signed-off-by: Randy Dunlap <randy.dunlap@oracle.com> Cc: Alan Ott <alan@signal11.us> Cc: Jiri Kosina <jkosina@suse.cz> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Jiri Kosina <jkosina@suse.cz>
2011-04-09HID: hidraw: fix samples miscompilationJiri Kosina1-0/+11
On systems where userspace doesn't have new hidraw.h populated to /usr/include, the hidraw sample won't compile as it's missing the new ioctl defitions. Introduce temporary ugly workaround to define the ioctls "manually" in such cases, just to avoid miscompilation in allmodconfig cases. Reported-by: Stephen Rothwell <sfr@canb.auug.org.au> Signed-off-by: Jiri Kosina <jkosina@suse.cz>
2011-03-31Fix common misspellingsLucas De Marchi2-2/+2
Fixes generated by 'codespell' and manually reviewed. Signed-off-by: Lucas De Marchi <lucas.demarchi@profusion.mobi>
2011-03-22HID: Documentation for hidrawAlan Ott4-1/+182
Documenation for the hidraw driver, with sample program. Signed-off-by: Alan Ott <alan@signal11.us> Signed-off-by: Jiri Kosina <jkosina@suse.cz>
2010-10-29kdb: Add kdb kernel module sampleJason Wessel4-1/+69
Add an example of how to add a dynamic kdb shell command via a kernel module. Signed-off-by: Jason Wessel <jason.wessel@windriver.com>
2010-10-22Merge branch 'llseek' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/arnd/bklLinus Torvalds4-0/+4
* 'llseek' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/arnd/bkl: vfs: make no_llseek the default vfs: don't use BKL in default_llseek llseek: automatically add .llseek fop libfs: use generic_file_llseek for simple_attr mac80211: disallow seeks in minstrel debug code lirc: make chardev nonseekable viotape: use noop_llseek raw: use explicit llseek file operations ibmasmfs: use generic_file_llseek spufs: use llseek in all file operations arm/omap: use generic_file_llseek in iommu_debug lkdtm: use generic_file_llseek in debugfs net/wireless: use generic_file_llseek in debugfs drm: use noop_llseek
2010-10-15llseek: automatically add .llseek fopArnd Bergmann4-0/+4
All file_operations should get a .llseek operation so we can make nonseekable_open the default for future file operations without a .llseek pointer. The three cases that we can automatically detect are no_llseek, seq_lseek and default_llseek. For cases where we can we can automatically prove that the file offset is always ignored, we use noop_llseek, which maintains the current behavior of not returning an error from a seek. New drivers should normally not use noop_llseek but instead use no_llseek and call nonseekable_open at open time. Existing drivers can be converted to do the same when the maintainer knows for certain that no user code relies on calling seek on the device file. The generated code is often incorrectly indented and right now contains comments that clarify for each added line why a specific variant was chosen. In the version that gets submitted upstream, the comments will be gone and I will manually fix the indentation, because there does not seem to be a way to do that using coccinelle. Some amount of new code is currently sitting in linux-next that should get the same modifications, which I will do at the end of the merge window. Many thanks to Julia Lawall for helping me learn to write a semantic patch that does all this. ===== begin semantic patch ===== // This adds an llseek= method to all file operations, // as a preparation for making no_llseek the default. // // The rules are // - use no_llseek explicitly if we do nonseekable_open // - use seq_lseek for sequential files // - use default_llseek if we know we access f_pos // - use noop_llseek if we know we don't access f_pos, // but we still want to allow users to call lseek // @ open1 exists @ identifier nested_open; @@ nested_open(...) { <+... nonseekable_open(...) ...+> } @ open exists@ identifier open_f; identifier i, f; identifier open1.nested_open; @@ int open_f(struct inode *i, struct file *f) { <+... ( nonseekable_open(...) | nested_open(...) ) ...+> } @ read disable optional_qualifier exists @ identifier read_f; identifier f, p, s, off; type ssize_t, size_t, loff_t; expression E; identifier func; @@ ssize_t read_f(struct file *f, char *p, size_t s, loff_t *off) { <+... ( *off = E | *off += E | func(..., off, ...) | E = *off ) ...+> } @ read_no_fpos disable optional_qualifier exists @ identifier read_f; identifier f, p, s, off; type ssize_t, size_t, loff_t; @@ ssize_t read_f(struct file *f, char *p, size_t s, loff_t *off) { ... when != off } @ write @ identifier write_f; identifier f, p, s, off; type ssize_t, size_t, loff_t; expression E; identifier func; @@ ssize_t write_f(struct file *f, const char *p, size_t s, loff_t *off) { <+... ( *off = E | *off += E | func(..., off, ...) | E = *off ) ...+> } @ write_no_fpos @ identifier write_f; identifier f, p, s, off; type ssize_t, size_t, loff_t; @@ ssize_t write_f(struct file *f, const char *p, size_t s, loff_t *off) { ... when != off } @ fops0 @ identifier fops; @@ struct file_operations fops = { ... }; @ has_llseek depends on fops0 @ identifier fops0.fops; identifier llseek_f; @@ struct file_operations fops = { ... .llseek = llseek_f, ... }; @ has_read depends on fops0 @ identifier fops0.fops; identifier read_f; @@ struct file_operations fops = { ... .read = read_f, ... }; @ has_write depends on fops0 @ identifier fops0.fops; identifier write_f; @@ struct file_operations fops = { ... .write = write_f, ... }; @ has_open depends on fops0 @ identifier fops0.fops; identifier open_f; @@ struct file_operations fops = { ... .open = open_f, ... }; // use no_llseek if we call nonseekable_open //////////////////////////////////////////// @ nonseekable1 depends on !has_llseek && has_open @ identifier fops0.fops; identifier nso ~= "nonseekable_open"; @@ struct file_operations fops = { ... .open = nso, ... +.llseek = no_llseek, /* nonseekable */ }; @ nonseekable2 depends on !has_llseek @ identifier fops0.fops; identifier open.open_f; @@ struct file_operations fops = { ... .open = open_f, ... +.llseek = no_llseek, /* open uses nonseekable */ }; // use seq_lseek for sequential files ///////////////////////////////////// @ seq depends on !has_llseek @ identifier fops0.fops; identifier sr ~= "seq_read"; @@ struct file_operations fops = { ... .read = sr, ... +.llseek = seq_lseek, /* we have seq_read */ }; // use default_llseek if there is a readdir /////////////////////////////////////////// @ fops1 depends on !has_llseek && !nonseekable1 && !nonseekable2 && !seq @ identifier fops0.fops; identifier readdir_e; @@ // any other fop is used that changes pos struct file_operations fops = { ... .readdir = readdir_e, ... +.llseek = default_llseek, /* readdir is present */ }; // use default_llseek if at least one of read/write touches f_pos ///////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////// @ fops2 depends on !fops1 && !has_llseek && !nonseekable1 && !nonseekable2 && !seq @ identifier fops0.fops; identifier read.read_f; @@ // read fops use offset struct file_operations fops = { ... .read = read_f, ... +.llseek = default_llseek, /* read accesses f_pos */ }; @ fops3 depends on !fops1 && !fops2 && !has_llseek && !nonseekable1 && !nonseekable2 && !seq @ identifier fops0.fops; identifier write.write_f; @@ // write fops use offset struct file_operations fops = { ... .write = write_f, ... + .llseek = default_llseek, /* write accesses f_pos */ }; // Use noop_llseek if neither read nor write accesses f_pos /////////////////////////////////////////////////////////// @ fops4 depends on !fops1 && !fops2 && !fops3 && !has_llseek && !nonseekable1 && !nonseekable2 && !seq @ identifier fops0.fops; identifier read_no_fpos.read_f; identifier write_no_fpos.write_f; @@ // write fops use offset struct file_operations fops = { ... .write = write_f, .read = read_f, ... +.llseek = noop_llseek, /* read and write both use no f_pos */ }; @ depends on has_write && !has_read && !fops1 && !fops2 && !has_llseek && !nonseekable1 && !nonseekable2 && !seq @ identifier fops0.fops; identifier write_no_fpos.write_f; @@ struct file_operations fops = { ... .write = write_f, ... +.llseek = noop_llseek, /* write uses no f_pos */ }; @ depends on has_read && !has_write && !fops1 && !fops2 && !has_llseek && !nonseekable1 && !nonseekable2 && !seq @ identifier fops0.fops; identifier read_no_fpos.read_f; @@ struct file_operations fops = { ... .read = read_f, ... +.llseek = noop_llseek, /* read uses no f_pos */ }; @ depends on !has_read && !has_write && !fops1 && !fops2 && !has_llseek && !nonseekable1 && !nonseekable2 && !seq @ identifier fops0.fops; @@ struct file_operations fops = { ... +.llseek = noop_llseek, /* no read or write fn */ }; ===== End semantic patch ===== Signed-off-by: Arnd Bergmann <arnd@arndb.de> Cc: Julia Lawall <julia@diku.dk> Cc: Christoph Hellwig <hch@infradead.org>
2010-10-01kfifo: fix scatterlist usageIra W. Snyder1-8/+9
The kfifo_dma family of functions use sg_mark_end() on the last element in their scatterlist. This forces use of a fresh scatterlist for each DMA operation, which makes recycling a single scatterlist impossible. Change the behavior of the kfifo_dma functions to match the usage of the dma_map_sg function. This means that users must respect the returned nents value. The sample code is updated to reflect the change. This bug is trivial to cause: call kfifo_dma_in_prepare() such that it prepares a scatterlist with a single entry comprising the whole fifo. This is the case when you map the entirety of a newly created empty fifo. This causes the setup_sgl() function to mark the first scatterlist entry as the end of the chain, no matter what comes after it. Afterwards, add and remove some data from the fifo such that another call to kfifo_dma_in_prepare() will create two scatterlist entries. It returns nents=2. However, due to the previous sg_mark_end() call, sg_is_last() will now return true for the first scatterlist element. This causes the sample code to print a single scatterlist element when it should print two. By removing the call to sg_mark_end(), we make the API as similar as possible to the DMA mapping API. All users are required to respect the returned nents. Signed-off-by: Ira W. Snyder <iws@ovro.caltech.edu> Cc: Stefani Seibold <stefani@seibold.net> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2010-08-20kfifo: add explicit error checking in all the examplesAndrea Righi4-51/+144
Provide a check in all the kfifo examples to validate the correct execution of each testcase. Signed-off-by: Andrea Righi <arighi@develer.com> Acked-by: Stefani Seibold <stefani@seibold.net> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

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