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path: root/drivers/pci/setup-bus.c
blob: e3e17f3c0f0f2929da94d7411c0740a391dc56c6 (plain)
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/*
 *	drivers/pci/setup-bus.c
 *
 * Extruded from code written by
 *      Dave Rusling (david.rusling@reo.mts.dec.com)
 *      David Mosberger (davidm@cs.arizona.edu)
 *	David Miller (davem@redhat.com)
 *
 * Support routines for initializing a PCI subsystem.
 */

/*
 * Nov 2000, Ivan Kokshaysky <ink@jurassic.park.msu.ru>
 *	     PCI-PCI bridges cleanup, sorted resource allocation.
 * Feb 2002, Ivan Kokshaysky <ink@jurassic.park.msu.ru>
 *	     Converted to allocation in 3 passes, which gives
 *	     tighter packing. Prefetchable range support.
 */

#include <linux/init.h>
#include <linux/kernel.h>
#include <linux/module.h>
#include <linux/pci.h>
#include <linux/errno.h>
#include <linux/ioport.h>
#include <linux/cache.h>
#include <linux/slab.h>
#include <asm-generic/pci-bridge.h>
#include "pci.h"

unsigned int pci_flags;

struct pci_dev_resource {
	struct list_head list;
	struct resource *res;
	struct pci_dev *dev;
	resource_size_t start;
	resource_size_t end;
	resource_size_t add_size;
	resource_size_t min_align;
	unsigned long flags;
};

static void free_list(struct list_head *head)
{
	struct pci_dev_resource *dev_res, *tmp;

	list_for_each_entry_safe(dev_res, tmp, head, list) {
		list_del(&dev_res->list);
		kfree(dev_res);
	}
}

/**
 * add_to_list() - add a new resource tracker to the list
 * @head:	Head of the list
 * @dev:	device corresponding to which the resource
 *		belongs
 * @res:	The resource to be tracked
 * @add_size:	additional size to be optionally added
 *              to the resource
 */
static int add_to_list(struct list_head *head,
		 struct pci_dev *dev, struct resource *res,
		 resource_size_t add_size, resource_size_t min_align)
{
	struct pci_dev_resource *tmp;

	tmp = kzalloc(sizeof(*tmp), GFP_KERNEL);
	if (!tmp) {
		pr_warn("add_to_list: kmalloc() failed!\n");
		return -ENOMEM;
	}

	tmp->res = res;
	tmp->dev = dev;
	tmp->start = res->start;
	tmp->end = res->end;
	tmp->flags = res->flags;
	tmp->add_size = add_size;
	tmp->min_align = min_align;

	list_add(&tmp->list, head);

	return 0;
}

static void remove_from_list(struct list_head *head,
				 struct resource *res)
{
	struct pci_dev_resource *dev_res, *tmp;

	list_for_each_entry_safe(dev_res, tmp, head, list) {
		if (dev_res->res == res) {
			list_del(&dev_res->list);
			kfree(dev_res);
			break;
		}
	}
}

static resource_size_t get_res_add_size(struct list_head *head,
					struct resource *res)
{
	struct pci_dev_resource *dev_res;

	list_for_each_entry(dev_res, head, list) {
		if (dev_res->res == res) {
			int idx = res - &dev_res->dev->resource[0];

			dev_printk(KERN_DEBUG, &dev_res->dev->dev,
				 "res[%d]=%pR get_res_add_size add_size %llx\n",
				 idx, dev_res->res,
				 (unsigned long long)dev_res->add_size);

			return dev_res->add_size;
		}
	}

	return 0;
}

/* Sort resources by alignment */
static void pdev_sort_resources(struct pci_dev *dev, struct list_head *head)
{
	int i;

	for (i = 0; i < PCI_NUM_RESOURCES; i++) {
		struct resource *r;
		struct pci_dev_resource *dev_res, *tmp;
		resource_size_t r_align;
		struct list_head *n;

		r = &dev->resource[i];

		if (r->flags & IORESOURCE_PCI_FIXED)
			continue;

		if (!(r->flags) || r->parent)
			continue;

		r_align = pci_resource_alignment(dev, r);
		if (!r_align) {
			dev_warn(&dev->dev, "BAR %d: %pR has bogus alignment\n",
				 i, r);
			continue;
		}

		tmp = kzalloc(sizeof(*tmp), GFP_KERNEL);
		if (!tmp)
			panic("pdev_sort_resources(): kmalloc() failed!\n");
		tmp->res = r;
		tmp->dev = dev;

		/* fallback is smallest one or list is empty*/
		n = head;
		list_for_each_entry(dev_res, head, list) {
			resource_size_t align;

			align = pci_resource_alignment(dev_res->dev,
							 dev_res->res);

			if (r_align > align) {
				n = &dev_res->list;
				break;
			}
		}
		/* Insert it just before n*/
		list_add_tail(&tmp->list, n);
	}
}

static void __dev_sort_resources(struct pci_dev *dev,
				 struct list_head *head)
{
	u16 class = dev->class >> 8;

	/* Don't touch classless devices or host bridges or ioapics.  */
	if (class == PCI_CLASS_NOT_DEFINED || class == PCI_CLASS_BRIDGE_HOST)
		return;

	/* Don't touch ioapic devices already enabled by firmware */
	if (class == PCI_CLASS_SYSTEM_PIC) {
		u16 command;
		pci_read_config_word(dev, PCI_COMMAND, &command);
		if (command & (PCI_COMMAND_IO | PCI_COMMAND_MEMORY))
			return;
	}

	pdev_sort_resources(dev, head);
}

static inline void reset_resource(struct resource *res)
{
	res->start = 0;
	res->end = 0;
	res->flags = 0;
}

/**
 * reassign_resources_sorted() - satisfy any additional resource requests
 *
 * @realloc_head : head of the list tracking requests requiring additional
 *             resources
 * @head     : head of the list tracking requests with allocated
 *             resources
 *
 * Walk through each element of the realloc_head and try to procure
 * additional resources for the element, provided the element
 * is in the head list.
 */
static void reassign_resources_sorted(struct list_head *realloc_head,
		struct list_head *head)
{
	struct resource *res;
	struct pci_dev_resource *add_res, *tmp;
	struct pci_dev_resource *dev_res;
	resource_size_t add_size;
	int idx;

	list_for_each_entry_safe(add_res, tmp, realloc_head, list) {
		bool found_match = false;

		res = add_res->res;
		/* skip resource that has been reset */
		if (!res->flags)
			goto out;

		/* skip this resource if not found in head list */
		list_for_each_entry(dev_res, head, list) {
			if (dev_res->res == res) {
				found_match = true;
				break;
			}
		}
		if (!found_match)/* just skip */
			continue;

		idx = res - &add_res->dev->resource[0];
		add_size = add_res->add_size;
		if (!resource_size(res)) {
			res->start = add_res->start;
			res->end = res->start + add_size - 1;
			if (pci_assign_resource(add_res->dev, idx))
				reset_resource(res);
		} else {
			resource_size_t align = add_res->min_align;
			res->flags |= add_res->flags &
				 (IORESOURCE_STARTALIGN|IORESOURCE_SIZEALIGN);
			if (pci_reassign_resource(add_res->dev, idx,
						  add_size, align))
				dev_printk(KERN_DEBUG, &add_res->dev->dev,
					   "failed to add %llx res[%d]=%pR\n",
					   (unsigned long long)add_size,
					   idx, res);
		}
out:
		list_del(&add_res->list);
		kfree(add_res);
	}
}

/**
 * assign_requested_resources_sorted() - satisfy resource requests
 *
 * @head : head of the list tracking requests for resources
 * @fail_head : head of the list tracking requests that could
 *		not be allocated
 *
 * Satisfy resource requests of each element in the list. Add
 * requests that could not satisfied to the failed_list.
 */
static void assign_requested_resources_sorted(struct list_head *head,
				 struct list_head *fail_head)
{
	struct resource *res;
	struct pci_dev_resource *dev_res;
	int idx;

	list_for_each_entry(dev_res, head, list) {
		res = dev_res->res;
		idx = res - &dev_res->dev->resource[0];
		if (resource_size(res) &&
		    pci_assign_resource(dev_res->dev, idx)) {
			if (fail_head) {
				/*
				 * if the failed res is for ROM BAR, and it will
				 * be enabled later, don't add it to the list
				 */
				if (!((idx == PCI_ROM_RESOURCE) &&
				      (!(res->flags & IORESOURCE_ROM_ENABLE))))
					add_to_list(fail_head,
						    dev_res->dev, res,
						    0 /* don't care */,
						    0 /* don't care */);
			}
			reset_resource(res);
		}
	}
}

static unsigned long pci_fail_res_type_mask(struct list_head *fail_head)
{
	struct pci_dev_resource *fail_res;
	unsigned long mask = 0;

	/* check failed type */
	list_for_each_entry(fail_res, fail_head, list)
		mask |= fail_res->flags;

	/*
	 * one pref failed resource will set IORESOURCE_MEM,
	 * as we can allocate pref in non-pref range.
	 * Will release all assigned non-pref sibling resources
	 * according to that bit.
	 */
	return mask & (IORESOURCE_IO | IORESOURCE_MEM | IORESOURCE_PREFETCH);
}

static bool pci_need_to_release(unsigned long mask, struct resource *res)
{
	if (res->flags & IORESOURCE_IO)
		return !!(mask & IORESOURCE_IO);

	/* check pref at first */
	if (res->flags & IORESOURCE_PREFETCH) {
		if (mask & IORESOURCE_PREFETCH)
			return true;
		/* count pref if its parent is non-pref */
		else if ((mask & IORESOURCE_MEM) &&
			 !(res->parent->flags & IORESOURCE_PREFETCH))
			return true;
		else
			return false;
	}

	if (res->flags & IORESOURCE_MEM)
		return !!(mask & IORESOURCE_MEM);

	return false;	/* should not get here */
}

static void __assign_resources_sorted(struct list_head *head,
				 struct list_head *realloc_head,
				 struct list_head *fail_head)
{
	/*
	 * Should not assign requested resources at first.
	 *   they could be adjacent, so later reassign can not reallocate
	 *   them one by one in parent resource window.
	 * Try to assign requested + add_size at beginning
	 *  if could do that, could get out early.
	 *  if could not do that, we still try to assign requested at first,
	 *    then try to reassign add_size for some resources.
	 *
	 * Separate three resource type checking if we need to release
	 * assigned resource after requested + add_size try.
	 *	1. if there is io port assign fail, will release assigned
	 *	   io port.
	 *	2. if there is pref mmio assign fail, release assigned
	 *	   pref mmio.
	 *	   if assigned pref mmio's parent is non-pref mmio and there
	 *	   is non-pref mmio assign fail, will release that assigned
	 *	   pref mmio.
	 *	3. if there is non-pref mmio assign fail or pref mmio
	 *	   assigned fail, will release assigned non-pref mmio.
	 */
	LIST_HEAD(save_head);
	LIST_HEAD(local_fail_head);
	struct pci_dev_resource *save_res;
	struct pci_dev_resource *dev_res, *tmp_res;
	unsigned long fail_type;

	/* Check if optional add_size is there */
	if (!realloc_head || list_empty(realloc_head))
		goto requested_and_reassign;

	/* Save original start, end, flags etc at first */
	list_for_each_entry(dev_res, head, list) {
		if (add_to_list(&save_head, dev_res->dev, dev_res->res, 0, 0)) {
			free_list(&save_head);
			goto requested_and_reassign;
		}
	}

	/* Update res in head list with add_size in realloc_head list */
	list_for_each_entry(dev_res, head, list)
		dev_res->res->end += get_res_add_size(realloc_head,
							dev_res->res);

	/* Try updated head list with add_size added */
	assign_requested_resources_sorted(head, &local_fail_head);

	/* all assigned with add_size ? */
	if (list_empty(&local_fail_head)) {
		/* Remove head list from realloc_head list */
		list_for_each_entry(dev_res, head, list)
			remove_from_list(realloc_head, dev_res->res);
		free_list(&save_head);
		free_list(head);
		return;
	}

	/* check failed type */
	fail_type = pci_fail_res_type_mask(&local_fail_head);
	/* remove not need to be released assigned res from head list etc */
	list_for_each_entry_safe(dev_res, tmp_res, head, list)
		if (dev_res->res->parent &&
		    !pci_need_to_release(fail_type, dev_res->res)) {
			/* remove it from realloc_head list */
			remove_from_list(realloc_head, dev_res->res);
			remove_from_list(&save_head, dev_res->res);
			list_del(&dev_res->list);
			kfree(dev_res);
		}

	free_list(&local_fail_head);
	/* Release assigned resource */
	list_for_each_entry(dev_res, head, list)
		if (dev_res->res->parent)
			release_resource(dev_res->res);
	/* Restore start/end/flags from saved list */
	list_for_each_entry(save_res, &save_head, list) {
		struct resource *res = save_res->res;

		res->start = save_res->start;
		res->end = save_res->end;
		res->flags = save_res->flags;
	}
	free_list(&save_head);

requested_and_reassign:
	/* Satisfy the must-have resource requests */
	assign_requested_resources_sorted(head, fail_head);

	/* Try to satisfy any additional optional resource
		requests */
	if (realloc_head)
		reassign_resources_sorted(realloc_head, head);
	free_list(head);
}

static void pdev_assign_resources_sorted(struct pci_dev *dev,
				 struct list_head *add_head,
				 struct list_head *fail_head)
{
	LIST_HEAD(head);

	__dev_sort_resources(dev, &head);
	__assign_resources_sorted(&head, add_head, fail_head);

}

static void pbus_assign_resources_sorted(const struct pci_bus *bus,
					 struct list_head *realloc_head,
					 struct list_head *fail_head)
{
	struct pci_dev *dev;
	LIST_HEAD(head);

	list_for_each_entry(dev, &bus->devices, bus_list)
		__dev_sort_resources(dev, &head);

	__assign_resources_sorted(&head, realloc_head, fail_head);
}

void pci_setup_cardbus(struct pci_bus *bus)
{
	struct pci_dev *bridge = bus->self;
	struct resource *res;
	struct pci_bus_region region;

	dev_info(&bridge->dev, "CardBus bridge to %pR\n",
		 &bus->busn_res);

	res = bus->resource[0];
	pcibios_resource_to_bus(bridge->bus, &region, res);
	if (res->flags & IORESOURCE_IO) {
		/*
		 * The IO resource is allocated a range twice as large as it
		 * would normally need.  This allows us to set both IO regs.
		 */
		dev_info(&bridge->dev, "  bridge window %pR\n", res);
		pci_write_config_dword(bridge, PCI_CB_IO_BASE_0,
					region.start);
		pci_write_config_dword(bridge, PCI_CB_IO_LIMIT_0,
					region.end);
	}

	res = bus->resource[1];
	pcibios_resource_to_bus(bridge->bus, &region, res);
	if (res->flags & IORESOURCE_IO) {
		dev_info(&bridge->dev, "  bridge window %pR\n", res);
		pci_write_config_dword(bridge, PCI_CB_IO_BASE_1,
					region.start);
		pci_write_config_dword(bridge, PCI_CB_IO_LIMIT_1,
					region.end);
	}

	res = bus->resource[2];
	pcibios_resource_to_bus(bridge->bus, &region, res);
	if (res->flags & IORESOURCE_MEM) {
		dev_info(&bridge->dev, "  bridge window %pR\n", res);
		pci_write_config_dword(bridge, PCI_CB_MEMORY_BASE_0,
					region.start);
		pci_write_config_dword(bridge, PCI_CB_MEMORY_LIMIT_0,
					region.end);
	}

	res = bus->resource[3];
	pcibios_resource_to_bus(bridge->bus, &region, res);
	if (res->flags & IORESOURCE_MEM) {
		dev_info(&bridge->dev, "  bridge window %pR\n", res);
		pci_write_config_dword(bridge, PCI_CB_MEMORY_BASE_1,
					region.start);
		pci_write_config_dword(bridge, PCI_CB_MEMORY_LIMIT_1,
					region.end);
	}
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(pci_setup_cardbus);

/* Initialize bridges with base/limit values we have collected.
   PCI-to-PCI Bridge Architecture Specification rev. 1.1 (1998)
   requires that if there is no I/O ports or memory behind the
   bridge, corresponding range must be turned off by writing base
   value greater than limit to the bridge's base/limit registers.

   Note: care must be taken when updating I/O base/limit registers
   of bridges which support 32-bit I/O. This update requires two
   config space writes, so it's quite possible that an I/O window of
   the bridge will have some undesirable address (e.g. 0) after the
   first write. Ditto 64-bit prefetchable MMIO.  */
static void pci_setup_bridge_io(struct pci_dev *bridge)
{
	struct resource *res;
	struct pci_bus_region region;
	unsigned long io_mask;
	u8 io_base_lo, io_limit_lo;
	u16 l;
	u32 io_upper16;

	io_mask = PCI_IO_RANGE_MASK;
	if (bridge->io_window_1k)
		io_mask = PCI_IO_1K_RANGE_MASK;

	/* Set up the top and bottom of the PCI I/O segment for this bus. */
	res = &bridge->resource[PCI_BRIDGE_RESOURCES + 0];
	pcibios_resource_to_bus(bridge->bus, &region, res);
	if (res->flags & IORESOURCE_IO) {
		pci_read_config_word(bridge, PCI_IO_BASE, &l);
		io_base_lo = (region.start >> 8) & io_mask;
		io_limit_lo = (region.end >> 8) & io_mask;
		l = ((u16) io_limit_lo << 8) | io_base_lo;
		/* Set up upper 16 bits of I/O base/limit. */
		io_upper16 = (region.end & 0xffff0000) | (region.start >> 16);
		dev_info(&bridge->dev, "  bridge window %pR\n", res);
	} else {
		/* Clear upper 16 bits of I/O base/limit. */
		io_upper16 = 0;
		l = 0x00f0;
	}
	/* Temporarily disable the I/O range before updating PCI_IO_BASE. */
	pci_write_config_dword(bridge, PCI_IO_BASE_UPPER16, 0x0000ffff);
	/* Update lower 16 bits of I/O base/limit. */
	pci_write_config_word(bridge, PCI_IO_BASE, l);
	/* Update upper 16 bits of I/O base/limit. */
	pci_write_config_dword(bridge, PCI_IO_BASE_UPPER16, io_upper16);
}

static void pci_setup_bridge_mmio(struct pci_dev *bridge)
{
	struct resource *res;
	struct pci_bus_region region;
	u32 l;

	/* Set up the top and bottom of the PCI Memory segment for this bus. */
	res = &bridge->resource[PCI_BRIDGE_RESOURCES + 1];
	pcibios_resource_to_bus(bridge->bus, &region, res);
	if (res->flags & IORESOURCE_MEM) {
		l = (region.start >> 16) & 0xfff0;
		l |= region.end & 0xfff00000;
		dev_info(&bridge->dev, "  bridge window %pR\n", res);
	} else {
		l = 0x0000fff0;
	}
	pci_write_config_dword(bridge, PCI_MEMORY_BASE, l);
}

static void pci_setup_bridge_mmio_pref(struct pci_dev *bridge)
{
	struct resource *res;
	struct pci_bus_region region;
	u32 l, bu, lu;

	/* Clear out the upper 32 bits of PREF limit.
	   If PCI_PREF_BASE_UPPER32 was non-zero, this temporarily
	   disables PREF range, which is ok. */
	pci_write_config_dword(bridge, PCI_PREF_LIMIT_UPPER32, 0);

	/* Set up PREF base/limit. */
	bu = lu = 0;
	res = &bridge->resource[PCI_BRIDGE_RESOURCES + 2];
	pcibios_resource_to_bus(bridge->bus, &region, res);
	if (res->flags & IORESOURCE_PREFETCH) {
		l = (region.start >> 16) & 0xfff0;
		l |= region.end & 0xfff00000;
		if (res->flags & IORESOURCE_MEM_64) {
			bu = upper_32_bits(region.start);
			lu = upper_32_bits(region.end);
		}
		dev_info(&bridge->dev, "  bridge window %pR\n", res);
	} else {
		l = 0x0000fff0;
	}
	pci_write_config_dword(bridge, PCI_PREF_MEMORY_BASE, l);

	/* Set the upper 32 bits of PREF base & limit. */
	pci_write_config_dword(bridge, PCI_PREF_BASE_UPPER32, bu);
	pci_write_config_dword(bridge, PCI_PREF_LIMIT_UPPER32, lu);
}

static void __pci_setup_bridge(struct pci_bus *bus, unsigned long type)
{
	struct pci_dev *bridge = bus->self;

	dev_info(&bridge->dev, "PCI bridge to %pR\n",
		 &bus->busn_res);

	if (type & IORESOURCE_IO)
		pci_setup_bridge_io(bridge);

	if (type & IORESOURCE_MEM)
		pci_setup_bridge_mmio(bridge);

	if (type & IORESOURCE_PREFETCH)
		pci_setup_bridge_mmio_pref(bridge);

	pci_write_config_word(bridge, PCI_BRIDGE_CONTROL, bus->bridge_ctl);
}

void pci_setup_bridge(struct pci_bus *bus)
{
	unsigned long type = IORESOURCE_IO | IORESOURCE_MEM |
				  IORESOURCE_PREFETCH;

	__pci_setup_bridge(bus, type);
}


int pci_claim_bridge_resource(struct pci_dev *bridge, int i)
{
	if (i < PCI_BRIDGE_RESOURCES || i > PCI_BRIDGE_RESOURCE_END)
		return 0;

	if (pci_claim_resource(bridge, i) == 0)
		return 0;	/* claimed the window */

	if ((bridge->class >> 8) != PCI_CLASS_BRIDGE_PCI)
		return 0;

	if (!pci_bus_clip_resource(bridge, i))
		return -EINVAL;	/* clipping didn't change anything */

	switch (i - PCI_BRIDGE_RESOURCES) {
	case 0:
		pci_setup_bridge_io(bridge);
		break;
	case 1:
		pci_setup_bridge_mmio(bridge);
		break;
	case 2:
		pci_setup_bridge_mmio_pref(bridge);
		break;
	default:
		return -EINVAL;
	}

	if (pci_claim_resource(bridge, i) == 0)
		return 0;	/* claimed a smaller window */

	return -EINVAL;
}

/* Check whether the bridge supports optional I/O and
   prefetchable memory ranges. If not, the respective
   base/limit registers must be read-only and read as 0. */
static void pci_bridge_check_ranges(struct pci_bus *bus)
{
	u16 io;
	u32 pmem;
	struct pci_dev *bridge = bus->self;
	struct resource *b_res;

	b_res = &bridge->resource[PCI_BRIDGE_RESOURCES];
	b_res[1].flags |= IORESOURCE_MEM;

	pci_read_config_word(bridge, PCI_IO_BASE, &io);
	if (!io) {
		pci_write_config_word(bridge, PCI_IO_BASE, 0xe0f0);
		pci_read_config_word(bridge, PCI_IO_BASE, &io);
		pci_write_config_word(bridge, PCI_IO_BASE, 0x0);
	}
	if (io)
		b_res[0].flags |= IORESOURCE_IO;

	/*  DECchip 21050 pass 2 errata: the bridge may miss an address
	    disconnect boundary by one PCI data phase.
	    Workaround: do not use prefetching on this device. */
	if (bridge->vendor == PCI_VENDOR_ID_DEC && bridge->device == 0x0001)
		return;

	pci_read_config_dword(bridge, PCI_PREF_MEMORY_BASE, &pmem);
	if (!pmem) {
		pci_write_config_dword(bridge, PCI_PREF_MEMORY_BASE,
					       0xffe0fff0);
		pci_read_config_dword(bridge, PCI_PREF_MEMORY_BASE, &pmem);
		pci_write_config_dword(bridge, PCI_PREF_MEMORY_BASE, 0x0);
	}
	if (pmem) {
		b_res[2].flags |= IORESOURCE_MEM | IORESOURCE_PREFETCH;
		if ((pmem & PCI_PREF_RANGE_TYPE_MASK) ==
		    PCI_PREF_RANGE_TYPE_64) {
			b_res[2].flags |= IORESOURCE_MEM_64;
			b_res[2].flags |= PCI_PREF_RANGE_TYPE_64;
		}
	}

	/* double check if bridge does support 64 bit pref */
	if (b_res[2].flags & IORESOURCE_MEM_64) {
		u32 mem_base_hi, tmp;
		pci_read_config_dword(bridge, PCI_PREF_BASE_UPPER32,
					 &mem_base_hi);
		pci_write_config_dword(bridge, PCI_PREF_BASE_UPPER32,
					       0xffffffff);
		pci_read_config_dword(bridge, PCI_PREF_BASE_UPPER32, &tmp);
		if (!tmp)
			b_res[2].flags &= ~IORESOURCE_MEM_64;
		pci_write_config_dword(bridge, PCI_PREF_BASE_UPPER32,
				       mem_base_hi);
	}
}

/* Helper function for sizing routines: find first available
   bus resource of a given type. Note: we intentionally skip
   the bus resources which have already been assigned (that is,
   have non-NULL parent resource). */
static struct resource *find_free_bus_resource(struct pci_bus *bus,
			 unsigned long type_mask, unsigned long type)
{
	int i;
	struct resource *r;

	pci_bus_for_each_resource(bus, r, i) {
		if (r == &ioport_resource || r == &iomem_resource)
			continue;
		if (r && (r->flags & type_mask) == type && !r->parent)
			return r;
	}
	return NULL;
}

static resource_size_t calculate_iosize(resource_size_t size,
		resource_size_t min_size,
		resource_size_t size1,
		resource_size_t old_size,
		resource_size_t align)
{
	if (size < min_size)
		size = min_size;
	if (old_size == 1)
		old_size = 0;
	/* To be fixed in 2.5: we should have sort of HAVE_ISA
	   flag in the struct pci_bus. */
#if defined(CONFIG_ISA) || defined(CONFIG_EISA)
	size = (size & 0xff) + ((size & ~0xffUL) << 2);
#endif
	size = ALIGN(size + size1, align);
	if (size < old_size)
		size = old_size;
	return size;
}

static resource_size_t calculate_memsize(resource_size_t size,
		resource_size_t min_size,
		resource_size_t size1,
		resource_size_t old_size,
		resource_size_t align)
{
	if (size < min_size)
		size = min_size;
	if (old_size == 1)
		old_size = 0;
	if (size < old_size)
		size = old_size;
	size = ALIGN(size + size1, align);
	return size;
}

resource_size_t __weak pcibios_window_alignment(struct pci_bus *bus,
						unsigned long type)
{
	return 1;
}

#define PCI_P2P_DEFAULT_MEM_ALIGN	0x100000	/* 1MiB */
#define PCI_P2P_DEFAULT_IO_ALIGN	0x1000		/* 4KiB */
#define PCI_P2P_DEFAULT_IO_ALIGN_1K	0x400		/* 1KiB */

static resource_size_t window_alignment(struct pci_bus *bus,
					unsigned long type)
{
	resource_size_t align = 1, arch_align;

	if (type & IORESOURCE_MEM)
		align = PCI_P2P_DEFAULT_MEM_ALIGN;
	else if (type & IORESOURCE_IO) {
		/*
		 * Per spec, I/O windows are 4K-aligned, but some
		 * bridges have an extension to support 1K alignment.
		 */
		if (bus->self->io_window_1k)
			align = PCI_P2P_DEFAULT_IO_ALIGN_1K;
		else
			align = PCI_P2P_DEFAULT_IO_ALIGN;
	}

	arch_align = pcibios_window_alignment(bus, type);
	return max(align, arch_align);
}

/**
 * pbus_size_io() - size the io window of a given bus
 *
 * @bus : the bus
 * @min_size : the minimum io window that must to be allocated
 * @add_size : additional optional io window
 * @realloc_head : track the additional io window on this list
 *
 * Sizing the IO windows of the PCI-PCI bridge is trivial,
 * since these windows have 1K or 4K granularity and the IO ranges
 * of non-bridge PCI devices are limited to 256 bytes.
 * We must be careful with the ISA aliasing though.
 */
static void pbus_size_io(struct pci_bus *bus, resource_size_t min_size,
		resource_size_t add_size, struct list_head *realloc_head)
{
	struct pci_dev *dev;
	struct resource *b_res = find_free_bus_resource(bus, IORESOURCE_IO,
							IORESOURCE_IO);
	resource_size_t size = 0, size0 = 0, size1 = 0;
	resource_size_t children_add_size = 0;
	resource_size_t min_align, align;

	if (!b_res)
		return;

	min_align = window_alignment(bus, IORESOURCE_IO);
	list_for_each_entry(dev, &bus->devices, bus_list) {
		int i;

		for (i = 0; i < PCI_NUM_RESOURCES; i++) {
			struct resource *r = &dev->resource[i];
			unsigned long r_size;

			if (r->parent || !(r->flags & IORESOURCE_IO))
				continue;
			r_size = resource_size(r);

			if (r_size < 0x400)
				/* Might be re-aligned for ISA */
				size += r_size;
			else
				size1 += r_size;

			align = pci_resource_alignment(dev, r);
			if (align > min_align)
				min_align = align;

			if (realloc_head)
				children_add_size += get_res_add_size(realloc_head, r);
		}
	}

	size0 = calculate_iosize(size, min_size, size1,
			resource_size(b_res), min_align);
	if (children_add_size > add_size)
		add_size = children_add_size;
	size1 = (!realloc_head || (realloc_head && !add_size)) ? size0 :
		calculate_iosize(size, min_size, add_size + size1,
			resource_size(b_res), min_align);
	if (!size0 && !size1) {
		if (b_res->start || b_res->end)
			dev_info(&bus->self->dev, "disabling bridge window %pR to %pR (unused)\n",
				 b_res, &bus->busn_res);
		b_res->flags = 0;
		return;
	}

	b_res->start = min_align;
	b_res->end = b_res->start + size0 - 1;
	b_res->flags |= IORESOURCE_STARTALIGN;
	if (size1 > size0 && realloc_head) {
		add_to_list(realloc_head, bus->self, b_res, size1-size0,
			    min_align);
		dev_printk(KERN_DEBUG, &bus->self->dev, "bridge window %pR to %pR add_size %llx\n",
			   b_res, &bus->busn_res,
			   (unsigned long long)size1-size0);
	}
}

static inline resource_size_t calculate_mem_align(resource_size_t *aligns,
						  int max_order)
{
	resource_size_t align = 0;
	resource_size_t min_align = 0;
	int order;

	for (order = 0; order <= max_order; order++) {
		resource_size_t align1 = 1;

		align1 <<= (order + 20);

		if (!align)
			min_align = align1;
		else if (ALIGN(align + min_align, min_align) < align1)
			min_align = align1 >> 1;
		align += aligns[order];
	}

	return min_align;
}

/**
 * pbus_size_mem() - size the memory window of a given bus
 *
 * @bus : the bus
 * @mask: mask the resource flag, then compare it with type
 * @type: the type of free resource from bridge
 * @type2: second match type
 * @type3: third match type
 * @min_size : the minimum memory window that must to be allocated
 * @add_size : additional optional memory window
 * @realloc_head : track the additional memory window on this list
 *
 * Calculate the size of the bus and minimal alignment which
 * guarantees that all child resources fit in this size.
 *
 * Returns -ENOSPC if there's no available bus resource of the desired type.
 * Otherwise, sets the bus resource start/end to indicate the required
 * size, adds things to realloc_head (if supplied), and returns 0.
 */
static int pbus_size_mem(struct pci_bus *bus, unsigned long mask,
			 unsigned long type, unsigned long type2,
			 unsigned long type3,
			 resource_size_t min_size, resource_size_t add_size,
			 struct list_head *realloc_head)
{
	struct pci_dev *dev;
	resource_size_t min_align, align, size, size0, size1;
	resource_size_t aligns[18];	/* Alignments from 1Mb to 128Gb */
	int order, max_order;
	struct resource *b_res = find_free_bus_resource(bus,
					mask | IORESOURCE_PREFETCH, type);
	resource_size_t children_add_size = 0;

	if (!b_res)
		return -ENOSPC;

	memset(aligns, 0, sizeof(aligns));
	max_order = 0;
	size = 0;

	list_for_each_entry(dev, &bus->devices, bus_list) {
		int i;

		for (i = 0; i < PCI_NUM_RESOURCES; i++) {
			struct resource *r = &dev->resource[i];
			resource_size_t r_size;

			if (r->parent || ((r->flags & mask) != type &&
					  (r->flags & mask) != type2 &&
					  (r->flags & mask) != type3))
				continue;
			r_size = resource_size(r);
#ifdef CONFIG_PCI_IOV
			/* put SRIOV requested res to the optional list */
			if (realloc_head && i >= PCI_IOV_RESOURCES &&
					i <= PCI_IOV_RESOURCE_END) {
				r->end = r->start - 1;
				add_to_list(realloc_head, dev, r, r_size, 0/* don't care */);
				children_add_size += r_size;
				continue;
			}
#endif
			/*
			 * aligns[0] is for 1MB (since bridge memory
			 * windows are always at least 1MB aligned), so
			 * keep "order" from being negative for smaller
			 * resources.
			 */
			align = pci_resource_alignment(dev, r);
			order = __ffs(align) - 20;
			if (order < 0)
				order = 0;
			if (order >= ARRAY_SIZE(aligns)) {
				dev_warn(&dev->dev, "disabling BAR %d: %pR (bad alignment %#llx)\n",
					 i, r, (unsigned long long) align);
				r->flags = 0;
				continue;
			}
			size += r_size;
			/* Exclude ranges with size > align from
			   calculation of the alignment. */
			if (r_size == align)
				aligns[order] += align;
			if (order > max_order)
				max_order = order;

			if (realloc_head)
				children_add_size += get_res_add_size(realloc_head, r);
		}
	}

	min_align = calculate_mem_align(aligns, max_order);
	min_align = max(min_align, window_alignment(bus, b_res->flags));
	size0 = calculate_memsize(size, min_size, 0, resource_size(b_res), min_align);
	if (children_add_size > add_size)
		add_size = children_add_size;
	size1 = (!realloc_head || (realloc_head && !add_size)) ? size0 :
		calculate_memsize(size, min_size, add_size,
				resource_size(b_res), min_align);
	if (!size0 && !size1) {
		if (b_res->start || b_res->end)
			dev_info(&bus->self->dev, "disabling bridge window %pR to %pR (unused)\n",
				 b_res, &bus->busn_res);
		b_res->flags = 0;
		return 0;
	}
	b_res->start = min_align;
	b_res->end = size0 + min_align - 1;
	b_res->flags |= IORESOURCE_STARTALIGN;
	if (size1 > size0 && realloc_head) {
		add_to_list(realloc_head, bus->self, b_res, size1-size0, min_align);
		dev_printk(KERN_DEBUG, &bus->self->dev, "bridge window %pR to %pR add_size %llx\n",
			   b_res, &bus->busn_res,
			   (unsigned long long)size1-size0);
	}
	return 0;
}

unsigned long pci_cardbus_resource_alignment(struct resource *res)
{
	if (res->flags & IORESOURCE_IO)
		return pci_cardbus_io_size;
	if (res->flags & IORESOURCE_MEM)
		return pci_cardbus_mem_size;
	return 0;
}

static void pci_bus_size_cardbus(struct pci_bus *bus,
			struct list_head *realloc_head)
{
	struct pci_dev *bridge = bus->self;
	struct resource *b_res = &bridge->resource[PCI_BRIDGE_RESOURCES];
	resource_size_t b_res_3_size = pci_cardbus_mem_size * 2;
	u16 ctrl;

	if (b_res[0].parent)
		goto handle_b_res_1;
	/*
	 * Reserve some resources for CardBus.  We reserve
	 * a fixed amount of bus space for CardBus bridges.
	 */
	b_res[0].start = pci_cardbus_io_size;
	b_res[0].end = b_res[0].start + pci_cardbus_io_size - 1;
	b_res[0].flags |= IORESOURCE_IO | IORESOURCE_STARTALIGN;
	if (realloc_head) {
		b_res[0].end -= pci_cardbus_io_size;
		add_to_list(realloc_head, bridge, b_res, pci_cardbus_io_size,
				pci_cardbus_io_size);
	}

handle_b_res_1:
	if (b_res[1].parent)
		goto handle_b_res_2;
	b_res[1].start = pci_cardbus_io_size;
	b_res[1].end = b_res[1].start + pci_cardbus_io_size - 1;
	b_res[1].flags |= IORESOURCE_IO | IORESOURCE_STARTALIGN;
	if (realloc_head) {
		b_res[1].end -= pci_cardbus_io_size;
		add_to_list(realloc_head, bridge, b_res+1, pci_cardbus_io_size,
				 pci_cardbus_io_size);
	}

handle_b_res_2:
	/* MEM1 must not be pref mmio */
	pci_read_config_word(bridge, PCI_CB_BRIDGE_CONTROL, &ctrl);
	if (ctrl & PCI_CB_BRIDGE_CTL_PREFETCH_MEM1) {
		ctrl &= ~PCI_CB_BRIDGE_CTL_PREFETCH_MEM1;
		pci_write_config_word(bridge, PCI_CB_BRIDGE_CONTROL, ctrl);
		pci_read_config_word(bridge, PCI_CB_BRIDGE_CONTROL, &ctrl);
	}

	/*
	 * Check whether prefetchable memory is supported
	 * by this bridge.
	 */
	pci_read_config_word(bridge, PCI_CB_BRIDGE_CONTROL, &ctrl);
	if (!(ctrl & PCI_CB_BRIDGE_CTL_PREFETCH_MEM0)) {
		ctrl |= PCI_CB_BRIDGE_CTL_PREFETCH_MEM0;
		pci_write_config_word(bridge, PCI_CB_BRIDGE_CONTROL, ctrl);
		pci_read_config_word(bridge, PCI_CB_BRIDGE_CONTROL, &ctrl);
	}

	if (b_res[2].parent)
		goto handle_b_res_3;
	/*
	 * If we have prefetchable memory support, allocate
	 * two regions.  Otherwise, allocate one region of
	 * twice the size.
	 */
	if (ctrl & PCI_CB_BRIDGE_CTL_PREFETCH_MEM0) {
		b_res[2].start = pci_cardbus_mem_size;
		b_res[2].end = b_res[2].start + pci_cardbus_mem_size - 1;
		b_res[2].flags |= IORESOURCE_MEM | IORESOURCE_PREFETCH |
				  IORESOURCE_STARTALIGN;
		if (realloc_head) {
			b_res[2].end -= pci_cardbus_mem_size;
			add_to_list(realloc_head, bridge, b_res+2,
				 pci_cardbus_mem_size, pci_cardbus_mem_size);
		}

		/* reduce that to half */
		b_res_3_size = pci_cardbus_mem_size;
	}

handle_b_res_3:
	if (b_res[3].parent)
		goto handle_done;
	b_res[3].start = pci_cardbus_mem_size;
	b_res[3].end = b_res[3].start + b_res_3_size - 1;
	b_res[3].flags |= IORESOURCE_MEM | IORESOURCE_STARTALIGN;
	if (realloc_head) {
		b_res[3].end -= b_res_3_size;
		add_to_list(realloc_head, bridge, b_res+3, b_res_3_size,
				 pci_cardbus_mem_size);
	}

handle_done:
	;
}

void __pci_bus_size_bridges(struct pci_bus *bus, struct list_head *realloc_head)
{
	struct pci_dev *dev;
	unsigned long mask, prefmask, type2 = 0, type3 = 0;
	resource_size_t additional_mem_size = 0, additional_io_size = 0;
	struct resource *b_res;
	int ret;

	list_for_each_entry(dev, &bus->devices, bus_list) {
		struct pci_bus *b = dev->subordinate;
		if (!b)
			continue;

		switch (dev->class >> 8) {
		case PCI_CLASS_BRIDGE_CARDBUS:
			pci_bus_size_cardbus(b, realloc_head);
			break;

		case PCI_CLASS_BRIDGE_PCI:
		default:
			__pci_bus_size_bridges(b, realloc_head);
			break;
		}
	}

	/* The root bus? */
	if (pci_is_root_bus(bus))
		return;

	switch (bus->self->class >> 8) {
	case PCI_CLASS_BRIDGE_CARDBUS:
		/* don't size cardbuses yet. */
		break;

	case PCI_CLASS_BRIDGE_PCI:
		pci_bridge_check_ranges(bus);
		if (bus->self->is_hotplug_bridge) {
			additional_io_size  = pci_hotplug_io_size;
			additional_mem_size = pci_hotplug_mem_size;
		}
		/* Fall through */
	default:
		pbus_size_io(bus, realloc_head ? 0 : additional_io_size,
			     additional_io_size, realloc_head);

		/*
		 * If there's a 64-bit prefetchable MMIO window, compute
		 * the size required to put all 64-bit prefetchable
		 * resources in it.
		 */
		b_res = &bus->self->resource[PCI_BRIDGE_RESOURCES];
		mask = IORESOURCE_MEM;
		prefmask = IORESOURCE_MEM | IORESOURCE_PREFETCH;
		if (b_res[2].flags & IORESOURCE_MEM_64) {
			prefmask |= IORESOURCE_MEM_64;
			ret = pbus_size_mem(bus, prefmask, prefmask,
				  prefmask, prefmask,
				  realloc_head ? 0 : additional_mem_size,
				  additional_mem_size, realloc_head);

			/*
			 * If successful, all non-prefetchable resources
			 * and any 32-bit prefetchable resources will go in
			 * the non-prefetchable window.
			 */
			if (ret == 0) {
				mask = prefmask;
				type2 = prefmask & ~IORESOURCE_MEM_64;
				type3 = prefmask & ~IORESOURCE_PREFETCH;
			}
		}

		/*
		 * If there is no 64-bit prefetchable window, compute the
		 * size required to put all prefetchable resources in the
		 * 32-bit prefetchable window (if there is one).
		 */
		if (!type2) {
			prefmask &= ~IORESOURCE_MEM_64;
			ret = pbus_size_mem(bus, prefmask, prefmask,
					 prefmask, prefmask,
					 realloc_head ? 0 : additional_mem_size,
					 additional_mem_size, realloc_head);

			/*
			 * If successful, only non-prefetchable resources
			 * will go in the non-prefetchable window.
			 */
			if (ret == 0)
				mask = prefmask;
			else
				additional_mem_size += additional_mem_size;

			type2 = type3 = IORESOURCE_MEM;
		}

		/*
		 * Compute the size required to put everything else in the
		 * non-prefetchable window.  This includes:
		 *
		 *   - all non-prefetchable resources
		 *   - 32-bit prefetchable resources if there's a 64-bit
		 *     prefetchable window or no prefetchable window at all
		 *   - 64-bit prefetchable resources if there's no
		 *     prefetchable window at all
		 *
		 * Note that the strategy in __pci_assign_resource() must
		 * match that used here.  Specifically, we cannot put a
		 * 32-bit prefetchable resource in a 64-bit prefetchable
		 * window.
		 */
		pbus_size_mem(bus, mask, IORESOURCE_MEM, type2, type3,
				realloc_head ? 0 : additional_mem_size,
				additional_mem_size, realloc_head);
		break;
	}
}

void pci_bus_size_bridges(struct pci_bus *bus)
{
	__pci_bus_size_bridges(bus, NULL);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(pci_bus_size_bridges);

void __pci_bus_assign_resources(const struct pci_bus *bus,
				struct list_head *realloc_head,
				struct list_head *fail_head)
{
	struct pci_bus *b;
	struct pci_dev *dev;

	pbus_assign_resources_sorted(bus, realloc_head, fail_head);

	list_for_each_entry(dev, &bus->devices, bus_list) {
		b = dev->subordinate;
		if (!b)
			continue;

		__pci_bus_assign_resources(b, realloc_head, fail_head);

		switch (dev->class >> 8) {
		case PCI_CLASS_BRIDGE_PCI:
			if (!pci_is_enabled(dev))
				pci_setup_bridge(b);
			break;

		case PCI_CLASS_BRIDGE_CARDBUS:
			pci_setup_cardbus(b);
			break;

		default:
			dev_info(&dev->dev, "not setting up bridge for bus %04x:%02x\n",
				 pci_domain_nr(b), b->number);
			break;
		}
	}
}

void pci_bus_assign_resources(const struct pci_bus *bus)
{
	__pci_bus_assign_resources(bus, NULL, NULL);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(pci_bus_assign_resources);

static void __pci_bridge_assign_resources(const struct pci_dev *bridge,
					  struct list_head *add_head,
					  struct list_head *fail_head)
{
	struct pci_bus *b;

	pdev_assign_resources_sorted((struct pci_dev *)bridge,
					 add_head, fail_head);

	b = bridge->subordinate;
	if (!b)
		return;

	__pci_bus_assign_resources(b, add_head, fail_head);

	switch (bridge->class >> 8) {
	case PCI_CLASS_BRIDGE_PCI:
		pci_setup_bridge(b);
		break;

	case PCI_CLASS_BRIDGE_CARDBUS:
		pci_setup_cardbus(b);
		break;

	default:
		dev_info(&bridge->dev, "not setting up bridge for bus %04x:%02x\n",
			 pci_domain_nr(b), b->number);
		break;
	}
}
static void pci_bridge_release_resources(struct pci_bus *bus,
					  unsigned long type)
{
	struct pci_dev *dev = bus->self;
	struct resource *r;
	unsigned long type_mask = IORESOURCE_IO | IORESOURCE_MEM |
				  IORESOURCE_PREFETCH | IORESOURCE_MEM_64;
	unsigned old_flags = 0;
	struct resource *b_res;
	int idx = 1;

	b_res = &dev->resource[PCI_BRIDGE_RESOURCES];

	/*
	 *     1. if there is io port assign fail, will release bridge
	 *	  io port.
	 *     2. if there is non pref mmio assign fail, release bridge
	 *	  nonpref mmio.
	 *     3. if there is 64bit pref mmio assign fail, and bridge pref
	 *	  is 64bit, release bridge pref mmio.
	 *     4. if there is pref mmio assign fail, and bridge pref is
	 *	  32bit mmio, release bridge pref mmio
	 *     5. if there is pref mmio assign fail, and bridge pref is not
	 *	  assigned, release bridge nonpref mmio.
	 */
	if (type & IORESOURCE_IO)
		idx = 0;
	else if (!(type & IORESOURCE_PREFETCH))
		idx = 1;
	else if ((type & IORESOURCE_MEM_64) &&
		 (b_res[2].flags & IORESOURCE_MEM_64))
		idx = 2;
	else if (!(b_res[2].flags & IORESOURCE_MEM_64) &&
		 (b_res[2].flags & IORESOURCE_PREFETCH))
		idx = 2;
	else
		idx = 1;

	r = &b_res[idx];

	if (!r->parent)
		return;

	/*
	 * if there are children under that, we should release them
	 *  all
	 */
	release_child_resources(r);
	if (!release_resource(r)) {
		type = old_flags = r->flags & type_mask;
		dev_printk(KERN_DEBUG, &dev->dev, "resource %d %pR released\n",
					PCI_BRIDGE_RESOURCES + idx, r);
		/* keep the old size */
		r->end = resource_size(r) - 1;
		r->start = 0;
		r->flags = 0;

		/* avoiding touch the one without PREF */
		if (type & IORESOURCE_PREFETCH)
			type = IORESOURCE_PREFETCH;
		__pci_setup_bridge(bus, type);
		/* for next child res under same bridge */
		r->flags = old_flags;
	}
}

enum release_type {
	leaf_only,
	whole_subtree,
};
/*
 * try to release pci bridge resources that is from leaf bridge,
 * so we can allocate big new one later
 */
static void pci_bus_release_bridge_resources(struct pci_bus *bus,
					     unsigned long type,
					     enum release_type rel_type)
{
	struct pci_dev *dev;
	bool is_leaf_bridge = true;

	list_for_each_entry(dev, &bus->devices, bus_list) {
		struct pci_bus *b = dev->subordinate;
		if (!b)
			continue;

		is_leaf_bridge = false;

		if ((dev->class >> 8) != PCI_CLASS_BRIDGE_PCI)
			continue;

		if (rel_type == whole_subtree)
			pci_bus_release_bridge_resources(b, type,
						 whole_subtree);
	}

	if (pci_is_root_bus(bus))
		return;

	if ((bus->self->class >> 8) != PCI_CLASS_BRIDGE_PCI)
		return;

	if ((rel_type == whole_subtree) || is_leaf_bridge)
		pci_bridge_release_resources(bus, type);
}

static void pci_bus_dump_res(struct pci_bus *bus)
{
	struct resource *res;
	int i;

	pci_bus_for_each_resource(bus, res, i) {
		if (!res || !res->end || !res->flags)
			continue;

		dev_printk(KERN_DEBUG, &bus->dev, "resource %d %pR\n", i, res);
	}
}

static void pci_bus_dump_resources(struct pci_bus *bus)
{
	struct pci_bus *b;
	struct pci_dev *dev;


	pci_bus_dump_res(bus);

	list_for_each_entry(dev, &bus->devices, bus_list) {
		b = dev->subordinate;
		if (!b)
			continue;

		pci_bus_dump_resources(b);
	}
}

static int pci_bus_get_depth(struct pci_bus *bus)
{
	int depth = 0;
	struct pci_bus *child_bus;

	list_for_each_entry(child_bus, &bus->children, node) {
		int ret;

		ret = pci_bus_get_depth(child_bus);
		if (ret + 1 > depth)
			depth = ret + 1;
	}

	return depth;
}

/*
 * -1: undefined, will auto detect later
 *  0: disabled by user
 *  1: disabled by auto detect
 *  2: enabled by user
 *  3: enabled by auto detect
 */
enum enable_type {
	undefined = -1,
	user_disabled,
	auto_disabled,
	user_enabled,
	auto_enabled,
};

static enum enable_type pci_realloc_enable = undefined;
void __init pci_realloc_get_opt(char *str)
{
	if (!strncmp(str, "off", 3))
		pci_realloc_enable = user_disabled;
	else if (!strncmp(str, "on", 2))
		pci_realloc_enable = user_enabled;
}
static bool pci_realloc_enabled(enum enable_type enable)
{
	return enable >= user_enabled;
}

#if defined(CONFIG_PCI_IOV) && defined(CONFIG_PCI_REALLOC_ENABLE_AUTO)
static int iov_resources_unassigned(struct pci_dev *dev, void *data)
{
	int i;
	bool *unassigned = data;

	for (i = PCI_IOV_RESOURCES; i <= PCI_IOV_RESOURCE_END; i++) {
		struct resource *r = &dev->resource[i];
		struct pci_bus_region region;

		/* Not assigned or rejected by kernel? */
		if (!r->flags)
			continue;

		pcibios_resource_to_bus(dev->bus, &region, r);
		if (!region.start) {
			*unassigned = true;
			return 1; /* return early from pci_walk_bus() */
		}
	}

	return 0;
}

static enum enable_type pci_realloc_detect(struct pci_bus *bus,
			 enum enable_type enable_local)
{
	bool unassigned = false;

	if (enable_local != undefined)
		return enable_local;

	pci_walk_bus(bus, iov_resources_unassigned, &unassigned);
	if (unassigned)
		return auto_enabled;

	return enable_local;
}
#else
static enum enable_type pci_realloc_detect(struct pci_bus *bus,
			 enum enable_type enable_local)
{
	return enable_local;
}
#endif

/*
 * first try will not touch pci bridge res
 * second and later try will clear small leaf bridge res
 * will stop till to the max depth if can not find good one
 */
void pci_assign_unassigned_root_bus_resources(struct pci_bus *bus)
{
	LIST_HEAD(realloc_head); /* list of resources that
					want additional resources */
	struct list_head *add_list = NULL;
	int tried_times = 0;
	enum release_type rel_type = leaf_only;
	LIST_HEAD(fail_head);
	struct pci_dev_resource *fail_res;
	unsigned long type_mask = IORESOURCE_IO | IORESOURCE_MEM |
				  IORESOURCE_PREFETCH | IORESOURCE_MEM_64;
	int pci_try_num = 1;
	enum enable_type enable_local;

	/* don't realloc if asked to do so */
	enable_local = pci_realloc_detect(bus, pci_realloc_enable);
	if (pci_realloc_enabled(enable_local)) {
		int max_depth = pci_bus_get_depth(bus);

		pci_try_num = max_depth + 1;
		dev_printk(KERN_DEBUG, &bus->dev,
			   "max bus depth: %d pci_try_num: %d\n",
			   max_depth, pci_try_num);
	}

again:
	/*
	 * last try will use add_list, otherwise will try good to have as
	 * must have, so can realloc parent bridge resource
	 */
	if (tried_times + 1 == pci_try_num)
		add_list = &realloc_head;
	/* Depth first, calculate sizes and alignments of all
	   subordinate buses. */
	__pci_bus_size_bridges(bus, add_list);

	/* Depth last, allocate resources and update the hardware. */
	__pci_bus_assign_resources(bus, add_list, &fail_head);
	if (add_list)
		BUG_ON(!list_empty(add_list));
	tried_times++;

	/* any device complain? */
	if (list_empty(&fail_head))
		goto dump;

	if (tried_times >= pci_try_num) {
		if (enable_local == undefined)
			dev_info(&bus->dev, "Some PCI device resources are unassigned, try booting with pci=realloc\n");
		else if (enable_local == auto_enabled)
			dev_info(&bus->dev, "Automatically enabled pci realloc, if you have problem, try booting with pci=realloc=off\n");

		free_list(&fail_head);
		goto dump;
	}

	dev_printk(KERN_DEBUG, &bus->dev,
		   "No. %d try to assign unassigned res\n", tried_times + 1);

	/* third times and later will not check if it is leaf */
	if ((tried_times + 1) > 2)
		rel_type = whole_subtree;

	/*
	 * Try to release leaf bridge's resources that doesn't fit resource of
	 * child device under that bridge
	 */
	list_for_each_entry(fail_res, &fail_head, list)
		pci_bus_release_bridge_resources(fail_res->dev->bus,
						 fail_res->flags & type_mask,
						 rel_type);

	/* restore size and flags */
	list_for_each_entry(fail_res, &fail_head, list) {
		struct resource *res = fail_res->res;

		res->start = fail_res->start;
		res->end = fail_res->end;
		res->flags = fail_res->flags;
		if (fail_res->dev->subordinate)
			res->flags = 0;
	}
	free_list(&fail_head);

	goto again;

dump:
	/* dump the resource on buses */
	pci_bus_dump_resources(bus);
}

void __init pci_assign_unassigned_resources(void)
{
	struct pci_bus *root_bus;

	list_for_each_entry(root_bus, &pci_root_buses, node)
		pci_assign_unassigned_root_bus_resources(root_bus);
}

void pci_assign_unassigned_bridge_resources(struct pci_dev *bridge)
{
	struct pci_bus *parent = bridge->subordinate;
	LIST_HEAD(add_list); /* list of resources that
					want additional resources */
	int tried_times = 0;
	LIST_HEAD(fail_head);
	struct pci_dev_resource *fail_res;
	int retval;
	unsigned long type_mask = IORESOURCE_IO | IORESOURCE_MEM |
				  IORESOURCE_PREFETCH | IORESOURCE_MEM_64;

again:
	__pci_bus_size_bridges(parent, &add_list);
	__pci_bridge_assign_resources(bridge, &add_list, &fail_head);
	BUG_ON(!list_empty(&add_list));
	tried_times++;

	if (list_empty(&fail_head))
		goto enable_all;

	if (tried_times >= 2) {
		/* still fail, don't need to try more */
		free_list(&fail_head);
		goto enable_all;
	}

	printk(KERN_DEBUG "PCI: No. %d try to assign unassigned res\n",
			 tried_times + 1);

	/*
	 * Try to release leaf bridge's resources that doesn't fit resource of
	 * child device under that bridge
	 */
	list_for_each_entry(fail_res, &fail_head, list)
		pci_bus_release_bridge_resources(fail_res->dev->bus,
						 fail_res->flags & type_mask,
						 whole_subtree);

	/* restore size and flags */
	list_for_each_entry(fail_res, &fail_head, list) {
		struct resource *res = fail_res->res;

		res->start = fail_res->start;
		res->end = fail_res->end;
		res->flags = fail_res->flags;
		if (fail_res->dev->subordinate)
			res->flags = 0;
	}
	free_list(&fail_head);

	goto again;

enable_all:
	retval = pci_reenable_device(bridge);
	if (retval)
		dev_err(&bridge->dev, "Error reenabling bridge (%d)\n", retval);
	pci_set_master(bridge);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(pci_assign_unassigned_bridge_resources);

void pci_assign_unassigned_bus_resources(struct pci_bus *bus)
{
	struct pci_dev *dev;
	LIST_HEAD(add_list); /* list of resources that
					want additional resources */

	down_read(&pci_bus_sem);
	list_for_each_entry(dev, &bus->devices, bus_list)
		if (pci_is_bridge(dev) && pci_has_subordinate(dev))
				__pci_bus_size_bridges(dev->subordinate,
							 &add_list);
	up_read(&pci_bus_sem);
	__pci_bus_assign_resources(bus, &add_list, NULL);
	BUG_ON(!list_empty(&add_list));
}

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