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/*
 * VFIO API definition
 *
 * Copyright (C) 2012 Red Hat, Inc.  All rights reserved.
 *     Author: Alex Williamson <alex.williamson@redhat.com>
 *
 * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
 * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License version 2 as
 * published by the Free Software Foundation.
 */
#ifndef _UAPIVFIO_H
#define _UAPIVFIO_H

#include <linux/types.h>
#include <linux/ioctl.h>

#define VFIO_API_VERSION	0


/* Kernel & User level defines for VFIO IOCTLs. */

/* Extensions */

#define VFIO_TYPE1_IOMMU		1
#define VFIO_SPAPR_TCE_IOMMU		2

/*
 * The IOCTL interface is designed for extensibility by embedding the
 * structure length (argsz) and flags into structures passed between
 * kernel and userspace.  We therefore use the _IO() macro for these
 * defines to avoid implicitly embedding a size into the ioctl request.
 * As structure fields are added, argsz will increase to match and flag
 * bits will be defined to indicate additional fields with valid data.
 * It's *always* the caller's responsibility to indicate the size of
 * the structure passed by setting argsz appropriately.
 */

#define VFIO_TYPE	(';')
#define VFIO_BASE	100

/* -------- IOCTLs for VFIO file descriptor (/dev/vfio/vfio) -------- */

/**
 * VFIO_GET_API_VERSION - _IO(VFIO_TYPE, VFIO_BASE + 0)
 *
 * Report the version of the VFIO API.  This allows us to bump the entire
 * API version should we later need to add or change features in incompatible
 * ways.
 * Return: VFIO_API_VERSION
 * Availability: Always
 */
#define VFIO_GET_API_VERSION		_IO(VFIO_TYPE, VFIO_BASE + 0)

/**
 * VFIO_CHECK_EXTENSION - _IOW(VFIO_TYPE, VFIO_BASE + 1, __u32)
 *
 * Check whether an extension is supported.
 * Return: 0 if not supported, 1 (or some other positive integer) if supported.
 * Availability: Always
 */
#define VFIO_CHECK_EXTENSION		_IO(VFIO_TYPE, VFIO_BASE + 1)

/**
 * VFIO_SET_IOMMU - _IOW(VFIO_TYPE, VFIO_BASE + 2, __s32)
 *
 * Set the iommu to the given type.  The type must be supported by an
 * iommu driver as verified by calling CHECK_EXTENSION using the same
 * type.  A group must be set to this file descriptor before this
 * ioctl is available.  The IOMMU interfaces enabled by this call are
 * specific to the value set.
 * Return: 0 on success, -errno on failure
 * Availability: When VFIO group attached
 */
#define VFIO_SET_IOMMU			_IO(VFIO_TYPE, VFIO_BASE + 2)

/* -------- IOCTLs for GROUP file descriptors (/dev/vfio/$GROUP) -------- */

/**
 * VFIO_GROUP_GET_STATUS - _IOR(VFIO_TYPE, VFIO_BASE + 3,
 *						struct vfio_group_status)
 *
 * Retrieve information about the group.  Fills in provided
 * struct vfio_group_info.  Caller sets argsz.
 * Return: 0 on succes, -errno on failure.
 * Availability: Always
 */
struct vfio_group_status {
	__u32	argsz;
	__u32	flags;
#define VFIO_GROUP_FLAGS_VIABLE		(1 << 0)
#define VFIO_GROUP_FLAGS_CONTAINER_SET	(1 << 1)
};
#define VFIO_GROUP_GET_STATUS		_IO(VFIO_TYPE, VFIO_BASE + 3)

/**
 * VFIO_GROUP_SET_CONTAINER - _IOW(VFIO_TYPE, VFIO_BASE + 4, __s32)
 *
 * Set the container for the VFIO group to the open VFIO file
 * descriptor provided.  Groups may only belong to a single
 * container.  Containers may, at their discretion, support multiple
 * groups.  Only when a container is set are all of the interfaces
 * of the VFIO file descriptor and the VFIO group file descriptor
 * available to the user.
 * Return: 0 on success, -errno on failure.
 * Availability: Always
 */
#define VFIO_GROUP_SET_CONTAINER	_IO(VFIO_TYPE, VFIO_BASE + 4)

/**
 * VFIO_GROUP_UNSET_CONTAINER - _IO(VFIO_TYPE, VFIO_BASE + 5)
 *
 * Remove the group from the attached container.  This is the
 * opposite of the SET_CONTAINER call and returns the group to
 * an initial state.  All device file descriptors must be released
 * prior to calling this interface.  When removing the last group
 * from a container, the IOMMU will be disabled and all state lost,
 * effectively also returning the VFIO file descriptor to an initial
 * state.
 * Return: 0 on success, -errno on failure.
 * Availability: When attached to container
 */
#define VFIO_GROUP_UNSET_CONTAINER	_IO(VFIO_TYPE, VFIO_BASE + 5)

/**
 * VFIO_GROUP_GET_DEVICE_FD - _IOW(VFIO_TYPE, VFIO_BASE + 6, char)
 *
 * Return a new file descriptor for the device object described by
 * the provided string.  The string should match a device listed in
 * the devices subdirectory of the IOMMU group sysfs entry.  The
 * group containing the device must already be added to this context.
 * Return: new file descriptor on success, -errno on failure.
 * Availability: When attached to container
 */
#define VFIO_GROUP_GET_DEVICE_FD	_IO(VFIO_TYPE, VFIO_BASE + 6)

/* --------------- IOCTLs for DEVICE file descriptors --------------- */

/**
 * VFIO_DEVICE_GET_INFO - _IOR(VFIO_TYPE, VFIO_BASE + 7,
 *						struct vfio_device_info)
 *
 * Retrieve information about the device.  Fills in provided
 * struct vfio_device_info.  Caller sets argsz.
 * Return: 0 on success, -errno on failure.
 */
struct vfio_device_info {
	__u32	argsz;
	__u32	flags;
#define VFIO_DEVICE_FLAGS_RESET	(1 << 0)	/* Device supports reset */
#define VFIO_DEVICE_FLAGS_PCI	(1 << 1)	/* vfio-pci device */
	__u32	num_regions;	/* Max region index + 1 */
	__u32	num_irqs;	/* Max IRQ index + 1 */
};
#define VFIO_DEVICE_GET_INFO		_IO(VFIO_TYPE, VFIO_BASE + 7)

/**
 * VFIO_DEVICE_GET_REGION_INFO - _IOWR(VFIO_TYPE, VFIO_BASE + 8,
 *				       struct vfio_region_info)
 *
 * Retrieve information about a device region.  Caller provides
 * struct vfio_region_info with index value set.  Caller sets argsz.
 * Implementation of region mapping is bus driver specific.  This is
 * intended to describe MMIO, I/O port, as well as bus specific
 * regions (ex. PCI config space).  Zero sized regions may be used
 * to describe unimplemented regions (ex. unimplemented PCI BARs).
 * Return: 0 on success, -errno on failure.
 */
struct vfio_region_info {
	__u32	argsz;
	__u32	flags;
#define VFIO_REGION_INFO_FLAG_READ	(1 << 0) /* Region supports read */
#define VFIO_REGION_INFO_FLAG_WRITE	(1 << 1) /* Region supports write */
#define VFIO_REGION_INFO_FLAG_MMAP	(1 << 2) /* Region supports mmap */
	__u32	index;		/* Region index */
	__u32	resv;		/* Reserved for alignment */
	__u64	size;		/* Region size (bytes) */
	__u64	offset;		/* Region offset from start of device fd */
};
#define VFIO_DEVICE_GET_REGION_INFO	_IO(VFIO_TYPE, VFIO_BASE + 8)

/**
 * VFIO_DEVICE_GET_IRQ_INFO - _IOWR(VFIO_TYPE, VFIO_BASE + 9,
 *				    struct vfio_irq_info)
 *
 * Retrieve information about a device IRQ.  Caller provides
 * struct vfio_irq_info with index value set.  Caller sets argsz.
 * Implementation of IRQ mapping is bus driver specific.  Indexes
 * using multiple IRQs are primarily intended to support MSI-like
 * interrupt blocks.  Zero count irq blocks may be used to describe
 * unimplemented interrupt types.
 *
 * The EVENTFD flag indicates the interrupt index supports eventfd based
 * signaling.
 *
 * The MASKABLE flags indicates the index supports MASK and UNMASK
 * actions described below.
 *
 * AUTOMASKED indicates that after signaling, the interrupt line is
 * automatically masked by VFIO and the user needs to unmask the line
 * to receive new interrupts.  This is primarily intended to distinguish
 * level triggered interrupts.
 *
 * The NORESIZE flag indicates that the interrupt lines within the index
 * are setup as a set and new subindexes cannot be enabled without first
 * disabling the entire index.  This is used for interrupts like PCI MSI
 * and MSI-X where the driver may only use a subset of the available
 * indexes, but VFIO needs to enable a specific number of vectors
 * upfront.  In the case of MSI-X, where the user can enable MSI-X and
 * then add and unmask vectors, it's up to userspace to make the decision
 * whether to allocate the maximum supported number of vectors or tear
 * down setup and incrementally increase the vectors as each is enabled.
 */
struct vfio_irq_info {
	__u32	argsz;
	__u32	flags;
#define VFIO_IRQ_INFO_EVENTFD		(1 << 0)
#define VFIO_IRQ_INFO_MASKABLE		(1 << 1)
#define VFIO_IRQ_INFO_AUTOMASKED	(1 << 2)
#define VFIO_IRQ_INFO_NORESIZE		(1 << 3)
	__u32	index;		/* IRQ index */
	__u32	count;		/* Number of IRQs within this index */
};
#define VFIO_DEVICE_GET_IRQ_INFO	_IO(VFIO_TYPE, VFIO_BASE + 9)

/**
 * VFIO_DEVICE_SET_IRQS - _IOW(VFIO_TYPE, VFIO_BASE + 10, struct vfio_irq_set)
 *
 * Set signaling, masking, and unmasking of interrupts.  Caller provides
 * struct vfio_irq_set with all fields set.  'start' and 'count' indicate
 * the range of subindexes being specified.
 *
 * The DATA flags specify the type of data provided.  If DATA_NONE, the
 * operation performs the specified action immediately on the specified
 * interrupt(s).  For example, to unmask AUTOMASKED interrupt [0,0]:
 * flags = (DATA_NONE|ACTION_UNMASK), index = 0, start = 0, count = 1.
 *
 * DATA_BOOL allows sparse support for the same on arrays of interrupts.
 * For example, to mask interrupts [0,1] and [0,3] (but not [0,2]):
 * flags = (DATA_BOOL|ACTION_MASK), index = 0, start = 1, count = 3,
 * data = {1,0,1}
 *
 * DATA_EVENTFD binds the specified ACTION to the provided __s32 eventfd.
 * A value of -1 can be used to either de-assign interrupts if already
 * assigned or skip un-assigned interrupts.  For example, to set an eventfd
 * to be trigger for interrupts [0,0] and [0,2]:
 * flags = (DATA_EVENTFD|ACTION_TRIGGER), index = 0, start = 0, count = 3,
 * data = {fd1, -1, fd2}
 * If index [0,1] is previously set, two count = 1 ioctls calls would be
 * required to set [0,0] and [0,2] without changing [0,1].
 *
 * Once a signaling mechanism is set, DATA_BOOL or DATA_NONE can be used
 * with ACTION_TRIGGER to perform kernel level interrupt loopback testing
 * from userspace (ie. simulate hardware triggering).
 *
 * Setting of an event triggering mechanism to userspace for ACTION_TRIGGER
 * enables the interrupt index for the device.  Individual subindex interrupts
 * can be disabled using the -1 value for DATA_EVENTFD or the index can be
 * disabled as a whole with: flags = (DATA_NONE|ACTION_TRIGGER), count = 0.
 *
 * Note that ACTION_[UN]MASK specify user->kernel signaling (irqfds) while
 * ACTION_TRIGGER specifies kernel->user signaling.
 */
struct vfio_irq_set {
	__u32	argsz;
	__u32	flags;
#define VFIO_IRQ_SET_DATA_NONE		(1 << 0) /* Data not present */
#define VFIO_IRQ_SET_DATA_BOOL		(1 << 1) /* Data is bool (u8) */
#define VFIO_IRQ_SET_DATA_EVENTFD	(1 << 2) /* Data is eventfd (s32) */
#define VFIO_IRQ_SET_ACTION_MASK	(1 << 3) /* Mask interrupt */
#define VFIO_IRQ_SET_ACTION_UNMASK	(1 << 4) /* Unmask interrupt */
#define VFIO_IRQ_SET_ACTION_TRIGGER	(1 << 5) /* Trigger interrupt */
	__u32	index;
	__u32	start;
	__u32	count;
	__u8	data[];
};
#define VFIO_DEVICE_SET_IRQS		_IO(VFIO_TYPE, VFIO_BASE + 10)

#define VFIO_IRQ_SET_DATA_TYPE_MASK	(VFIO_IRQ_SET_DATA_NONE | \
					 VFIO_IRQ_SET_DATA_BOOL | \
					 VFIO_IRQ_SET_DATA_EVENTFD)
#define VFIO_IRQ_SET_ACTION_TYPE_MASK	(VFIO_IRQ_SET_ACTION_MASK | \
					 VFIO_IRQ_SET_ACTION_UNMASK | \
					 VFIO_IRQ_SET_ACTION_TRIGGER)
/**
 * VFIO_DEVICE_RESET - _IO(VFIO_TYPE, VFIO_BASE + 11)
 *
 * Reset a device.
 */
#define VFIO_DEVICE_RESET		_IO(VFIO_TYPE, VFIO_BASE + 11)

/*
 * The VFIO-PCI bus driver makes use of the following fixed region and
 * IRQ index mapping.  Unimplemented regions return a size of zero.
 * Unimplemented IRQ types return a count of zero.
 */

enum {
	VFIO_PCI_BAR0_REGION_INDEX,
	VFIO_PCI_BAR1_REGION_INDEX,
	VFIO_PCI_BAR2_REGION_INDEX,
	VFIO_PCI_BAR3_REGION_INDEX,
	VFIO_PCI_BAR4_REGION_INDEX,
	VFIO_PCI_BAR5_REGION_INDEX,
	VFIO_PCI_ROM_REGION_INDEX,
	VFIO_PCI_CONFIG_REGION_INDEX,
	/*
	 * Expose VGA regions defined for PCI base class 03, subclass 00.
	 * This includes I/O port ranges 0x3b0 to 0x3bb and 0x3c0 to 0x3df
	 * as well as the MMIO range 0xa0000 to 0xbffff.  Each implemented
	 * range is found at it's identity mapped offset from the region
	 * offset, for example 0x3b0 is region_info.offset + 0x3b0.  Areas
	 * between described ranges are unimplemented.
	 */
	VFIO_PCI_VGA_REGION_INDEX,
	VFIO_PCI_NUM_REGIONS
};

enum {
	VFIO_PCI_INTX_IRQ_INDEX,
	VFIO_PCI_MSI_IRQ_INDEX,
	VFIO_PCI_MSIX_IRQ_INDEX,
	VFIO_PCI_ERR_IRQ_INDEX,
	VFIO_PCI_NUM_IRQS
};

/* -------- API for Type1 VFIO IOMMU -------- */

/**
 * VFIO_IOMMU_GET_INFO - _IOR(VFIO_TYPE, VFIO_BASE + 12, struct vfio_iommu_info)
 *
 * Retrieve information about the IOMMU object. Fills in provided
 * struct vfio_iommu_info. Caller sets argsz.
 *
 * XXX Should we do these by CHECK_EXTENSION too?
 */
struct vfio_iommu_type1_info {
	__u32	argsz;
	__u32	flags;
#define VFIO_IOMMU_INFO_PGSIZES (1 << 0)	/* supported page sizes info */
	__u64	iova_pgsizes;		/* Bitmap of supported page sizes */
};

#define VFIO_IOMMU_GET_INFO _IO(VFIO_TYPE, VFIO_BASE + 12)

/**
 * VFIO_IOMMU_MAP_DMA - _IOW(VFIO_TYPE, VFIO_BASE + 13, struct vfio_dma_map)
 *
 * Map process virtual addresses to IO virtual addresses using the
 * provided struct vfio_dma_map. Caller sets argsz. READ &/ WRITE required.
 */
struct vfio_iommu_type1_dma_map {
	__u32	argsz;
	__u32	flags;
#define VFIO_DMA_MAP_FLAG_READ (1 << 0)		/* readable from device */
#define VFIO_DMA_MAP_FLAG_WRITE (1 << 1)	/* writable from device */
	__u64	vaddr;				/* Process virtual address */
	__u64	iova;				/* IO virtual address */
	__u64	size;				/* Size of mapping (bytes) */
};

#define VFIO_IOMMU_MAP_DMA _IO(VFIO_TYPE, VFIO_BASE + 13)

/**
 * VFIO_IOMMU_UNMAP_DMA - _IOWR(VFIO_TYPE, VFIO_BASE + 14,
 *							struct vfio_dma_unmap)
 *
 * Unmap IO virtual addresses using the provided struct vfio_dma_unmap.
 * Caller sets argsz.  The actual unmapped size is returned in the size
 * field.  No guarantee is made to the user that arbitrary unmaps of iova
 * or size different from those used in the original mapping call will
 * succeed.
 */
struct vfio_iommu_type1_dma_unmap {
	__u32	argsz;
	__u32	flags;
	__u64	iova;				/* IO virtual address */
	__u64	size;				/* Size of mapping (bytes) */
};

#define VFIO_IOMMU_UNMAP_DMA _IO(VFIO_TYPE, VFIO_BASE + 14)

/*
 * IOCTLs to enable/disable IOMMU container usage.
 * No parameters are supported.
 */
#define VFIO_IOMMU_ENABLE	_IO(VFIO_TYPE, VFIO_BASE + 15)
#define VFIO_IOMMU_DISABLE	_IO(VFIO_TYPE, VFIO_BASE + 16)

/* -------- Additional API for SPAPR TCE (Server POWERPC) IOMMU -------- */

/*
 * The SPAPR TCE info struct provides the information about the PCI bus
 * address ranges available for DMA, these values are programmed into
 * the hardware so the guest has to know that information.
 *
 * The DMA 32 bit window start is an absolute PCI bus address.
 * The IOVA address passed via map/unmap ioctls are absolute PCI bus
 * addresses too so the window works as a filter rather than an offset
 * for IOVA addresses.
 *
 * A flag will need to be added if other page sizes are supported,
 * so as defined here, it is always 4k.
 */
struct vfio_iommu_spapr_tce_info {
	__u32 argsz;
	__u32 flags;			/* reserved for future use */
	__u32 dma32_window_start;	/* 32 bit window start (bytes) */
	__u32 dma32_window_size;	/* 32 bit window size (bytes) */
};

#define VFIO_IOMMU_SPAPR_TCE_GET_INFO	_IO(VFIO_TYPE, VFIO_BASE + 12)

/* ***************************************************************** */

#endif /* _UAPIVFIO_H */

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