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authorPaul E. McKenney <paulmck@linux.vnet.ibm.com>2013-10-04 14:33:34 -0700
committerPaul E. McKenney <paulmck@linux.vnet.ibm.com>2013-12-03 10:10:18 -0800
commit96d3fd0d315a949e30adc80f086031c5cdf070d1 (patch)
tree0fe7013d59b4d69a91bf031c0a53e8d279413e4a /Documentation/RCU
parent78e4bc34e5d966cfd95f1238565afc399d56225c (diff)
rcu: Break call_rcu() deadlock involving scheduler and perf
Dave Jones got the following lockdep splat: > ====================================================== > [ INFO: possible circular locking dependency detected ] > 3.12.0-rc3+ #92 Not tainted > ------------------------------------------------------- > trinity-child2/15191 is trying to acquire lock: > (&rdp->nocb_wq){......}, at: [<ffffffff8108ff43>] __wake_up+0x23/0x50 > > but task is already holding lock: > (&ctx->lock){-.-...}, at: [<ffffffff81154c19>] perf_event_exit_task+0x109/0x230 > > which lock already depends on the new lock. > > > the existing dependency chain (in reverse order) is: > > -> #3 (&ctx->lock){-.-...}: > [<ffffffff810cc243>] lock_acquire+0x93/0x200 > [<ffffffff81733f90>] _raw_spin_lock+0x40/0x80 > [<ffffffff811500ff>] __perf_event_task_sched_out+0x2df/0x5e0 > [<ffffffff81091b83>] perf_event_task_sched_out+0x93/0xa0 > [<ffffffff81732052>] __schedule+0x1d2/0xa20 > [<ffffffff81732f30>] preempt_schedule_irq+0x50/0xb0 > [<ffffffff817352b6>] retint_kernel+0x26/0x30 > [<ffffffff813eed04>] tty_flip_buffer_push+0x34/0x50 > [<ffffffff813f0504>] pty_write+0x54/0x60 > [<ffffffff813e900d>] n_tty_write+0x32d/0x4e0 > [<ffffffff813e5838>] tty_write+0x158/0x2d0 > [<ffffffff811c4850>] vfs_write+0xc0/0x1f0 > [<ffffffff811c52cc>] SyS_write+0x4c/0xa0 > [<ffffffff8173d4e4>] tracesys+0xdd/0xe2 > > -> #2 (&rq->lock){-.-.-.}: > [<ffffffff810cc243>] lock_acquire+0x93/0x200 > [<ffffffff81733f90>] _raw_spin_lock+0x40/0x80 > [<ffffffff810980b2>] wake_up_new_task+0xc2/0x2e0 > [<ffffffff81054336>] do_fork+0x126/0x460 > [<ffffffff81054696>] kernel_thread+0x26/0x30 > [<ffffffff8171ff93>] rest_init+0x23/0x140 > [<ffffffff81ee1e4b>] start_kernel+0x3f6/0x403 > [<ffffffff81ee1571>] x86_64_start_reservations+0x2a/0x2c > [<ffffffff81ee1664>] x86_64_start_kernel+0xf1/0xf4 > > -> #1 (&p->pi_lock){-.-.-.}: > [<ffffffff810cc243>] lock_acquire+0x93/0x200 > [<ffffffff8173419b>] _raw_spin_lock_irqsave+0x4b/0x90 > [<ffffffff810979d1>] try_to_wake_up+0x31/0x350 > [<ffffffff81097d62>] default_wake_function+0x12/0x20 > [<ffffffff81084af8>] autoremove_wake_function+0x18/0x40 > [<ffffffff8108ea38>] __wake_up_common+0x58/0x90 > [<ffffffff8108ff59>] __wake_up+0x39/0x50 > [<ffffffff8110d4f8>] __call_rcu_nocb_enqueue+0xa8/0xc0 > [<ffffffff81111450>] __call_rcu+0x140/0x820 > [<ffffffff81111b8d>] call_rcu+0x1d/0x20 > [<ffffffff81093697>] cpu_attach_domain+0x287/0x360 > [<ffffffff81099d7e>] build_sched_domains+0xe5e/0x10a0 > [<ffffffff81efa7fc>] sched_init_smp+0x3b7/0x47a > [<ffffffff81ee1f4e>] kernel_init_freeable+0xf6/0x202 > [<ffffffff817200be>] kernel_init+0xe/0x190 > [<ffffffff8173d22c>] ret_from_fork+0x7c/0xb0 > > -> #0 (&rdp->nocb_wq){......}: > [<ffffffff810cb7ca>] __lock_acquire+0x191a/0x1be0 > [<ffffffff810cc243>] lock_acquire+0x93/0x200 > [<ffffffff8173419b>] _raw_spin_lock_irqsave+0x4b/0x90 > [<ffffffff8108ff43>] __wake_up+0x23/0x50 > [<ffffffff8110d4f8>] __call_rcu_nocb_enqueue+0xa8/0xc0 > [<ffffffff81111450>] __call_rcu+0x140/0x820 > [<ffffffff81111bb0>] kfree_call_rcu+0x20/0x30 > [<ffffffff81149abf>] put_ctx+0x4f/0x70 > [<ffffffff81154c3e>] perf_event_exit_task+0x12e/0x230 > [<ffffffff81056b8d>] do_exit+0x30d/0xcc0 > [<ffffffff8105893c>] do_group_exit+0x4c/0xc0 > [<ffffffff810589c4>] SyS_exit_group+0x14/0x20 > [<ffffffff8173d4e4>] tracesys+0xdd/0xe2 > > other info that might help us debug this: > > Chain exists of: > &rdp->nocb_wq --> &rq->lock --> &ctx->lock > > Possible unsafe locking scenario: > > CPU0 CPU1 > ---- ---- > lock(&ctx->lock); > lock(&rq->lock); > lock(&ctx->lock); > lock(&rdp->nocb_wq); > > *** DEADLOCK *** > > 1 lock held by trinity-child2/15191: > #0: (&ctx->lock){-.-...}, at: [<ffffffff81154c19>] perf_event_exit_task+0x109/0x230 > > stack backtrace: > CPU: 2 PID: 15191 Comm: trinity-child2 Not tainted 3.12.0-rc3+ #92 > ffffffff82565b70 ffff880070c2dbf8 ffffffff8172a363 ffffffff824edf40 > ffff880070c2dc38 ffffffff81726741 ffff880070c2dc90 ffff88022383b1c0 > ffff88022383aac0 0000000000000000 ffff88022383b188 ffff88022383b1c0 > Call Trace: > [<ffffffff8172a363>] dump_stack+0x4e/0x82 > [<ffffffff81726741>] print_circular_bug+0x200/0x20f > [<ffffffff810cb7ca>] __lock_acquire+0x191a/0x1be0 > [<ffffffff810c6439>] ? get_lock_stats+0x19/0x60 > [<ffffffff8100b2f4>] ? native_sched_clock+0x24/0x80 > [<ffffffff810cc243>] lock_acquire+0x93/0x200 > [<ffffffff8108ff43>] ? __wake_up+0x23/0x50 > [<ffffffff8173419b>] _raw_spin_lock_irqsave+0x4b/0x90 > [<ffffffff8108ff43>] ? __wake_up+0x23/0x50 > [<ffffffff8108ff43>] __wake_up+0x23/0x50 > [<ffffffff8110d4f8>] __call_rcu_nocb_enqueue+0xa8/0xc0 > [<ffffffff81111450>] __call_rcu+0x140/0x820 > [<ffffffff8109bc8f>] ? local_clock+0x3f/0x50 > [<ffffffff81111bb0>] kfree_call_rcu+0x20/0x30 > [<ffffffff81149abf>] put_ctx+0x4f/0x70 > [<ffffffff81154c3e>] perf_event_exit_task+0x12e/0x230 > [<ffffffff81056b8d>] do_exit+0x30d/0xcc0 > [<ffffffff810c9af5>] ? trace_hardirqs_on_caller+0x115/0x1e0 > [<ffffffff810c9bcd>] ? trace_hardirqs_on+0xd/0x10 > [<ffffffff8105893c>] do_group_exit+0x4c/0xc0 > [<ffffffff810589c4>] SyS_exit_group+0x14/0x20 > [<ffffffff8173d4e4>] tracesys+0xdd/0xe2 The underlying problem is that perf is invoking call_rcu() with the scheduler locks held, but in NOCB mode, call_rcu() will with high probability invoke the scheduler -- which just might want to use its locks. The reason that call_rcu() needs to invoke the scheduler is to wake up the corresponding rcuo callback-offload kthread, which does the job of starting up a grace period and invoking the callbacks afterwards. One solution (championed on a related problem by Lai Jiangshan) is to simply defer the wakeup to some point where scheduler locks are no longer held. Since we don't want to unnecessarily incur the cost of such deferral, the task before us is threefold: 1. Determine when it is likely that a relevant scheduler lock is held. 2. Defer the wakeup in such cases. 3. Ensure that all deferred wakeups eventually happen, preferably sooner rather than later. We use irqs_disabled_flags() as a proxy for relevant scheduler locks being held. This works because the relevant locks are always acquired with interrupts disabled. We may defer more often than needed, but that is at least safe. The wakeup deferral is tracked via a new field in the per-CPU and per-RCU-flavor rcu_data structure, namely ->nocb_defer_wakeup. This flag is checked by the RCU core processing. The __rcu_pending() function now checks this flag, which causes rcu_check_callbacks() to initiate RCU core processing at each scheduling-clock interrupt where this flag is set. Of course this is not sufficient because scheduling-clock interrupts are often turned off (the things we used to be able to count on!). So the flags are also checked on entry to any state that RCU considers to be idle, which includes both NO_HZ_IDLE idle state and NO_HZ_FULL user-mode-execution state. This approach should allow call_rcu() to be invoked regardless of what locks you might be holding, the key word being "should". Reported-by: Dave Jones <davej@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: Paul E. McKenney <paulmck@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
Diffstat (limited to 'Documentation/RCU')
-rw-r--r--Documentation/RCU/trace.txt20
1 files changed, 12 insertions, 8 deletions
diff --git a/Documentation/RCU/trace.txt b/Documentation/RCU/trace.txt
index f3778f8952da..b8c3c813ea57 100644
--- a/Documentation/RCU/trace.txt
+++ b/Documentation/RCU/trace.txt
@@ -396,14 +396,14 @@ o Each element of the form "3/3 ..>. 0:7 ^0" represents one rcu_node
The output of "cat rcu/rcu_sched/rcu_pending" looks as follows:
- 0!np=26111 qsp=29 rpq=5386 cbr=1 cng=570 gpc=3674 gps=577 nn=15903
- 1!np=28913 qsp=35 rpq=6097 cbr=1 cng=448 gpc=3700 gps=554 nn=18113
- 2!np=32740 qsp=37 rpq=6202 cbr=0 cng=476 gpc=4627 gps=546 nn=20889
- 3 np=23679 qsp=22 rpq=5044 cbr=1 cng=415 gpc=3403 gps=347 nn=14469
- 4!np=30714 qsp=4 rpq=5574 cbr=0 cng=528 gpc=3931 gps=639 nn=20042
- 5 np=28910 qsp=2 rpq=5246 cbr=0 cng=428 gpc=4105 gps=709 nn=18422
- 6!np=38648 qsp=5 rpq=7076 cbr=0 cng=840 gpc=4072 gps=961 nn=25699
- 7 np=37275 qsp=2 rpq=6873 cbr=0 cng=868 gpc=3416 gps=971 nn=25147
+ 0!np=26111 qsp=29 rpq=5386 cbr=1 cng=570 gpc=3674 gps=577 nn=15903 ndw=0
+ 1!np=28913 qsp=35 rpq=6097 cbr=1 cng=448 gpc=3700 gps=554 nn=18113 ndw=0
+ 2!np=32740 qsp=37 rpq=6202 cbr=0 cng=476 gpc=4627 gps=546 nn=20889 ndw=0
+ 3 np=23679 qsp=22 rpq=5044 cbr=1 cng=415 gpc=3403 gps=347 nn=14469 ndw=0
+ 4!np=30714 qsp=4 rpq=5574 cbr=0 cng=528 gpc=3931 gps=639 nn=20042 ndw=0
+ 5 np=28910 qsp=2 rpq=5246 cbr=0 cng=428 gpc=4105 gps=709 nn=18422 ndw=0
+ 6!np=38648 qsp=5 rpq=7076 cbr=0 cng=840 gpc=4072 gps=961 nn=25699 ndw=0
+ 7 np=37275 qsp=2 rpq=6873 cbr=0 cng=868 gpc=3416 gps=971 nn=25147 ndw=0
The fields are as follows:
@@ -432,6 +432,10 @@ o "gpc" is the number of times that an old grace period had
o "gps" is the number of times that a new grace period had started,
but this CPU was not yet aware of it.
+o "ndw" is the number of times that a wakeup of an rcuo
+ callback-offload kthread had to be deferred in order to avoid
+ deadlock.
+
o "nn" is the number of times that this CPU needed nothing.

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