path: root/Documentation/pinctrl.txt
diff options
authorLinus Walleij <linus.walleij@linaro.org>2013-01-22 17:56:14 (GMT)
committerLinus Walleij <linus.walleij@linaro.org>2013-01-23 15:39:51 (GMT)
commitab78029ecc347debbd737f06688d788bd9d60c1d (patch)
treeaffc1f843abc1897ccf2723cf077be343c2845e2 /Documentation/pinctrl.txt
parent684697cbbcd076b8fde78d8863e341700533b542 (diff)
drivers/pinctrl: grab default handles from device core
This makes the device core auto-grab the pinctrl handle and set the "default" (PINCTRL_STATE_DEFAULT) state for every device that is present in the device model right before probe. This will account for the lion's share of embedded silicon devcies. A modification of the semantics for pinctrl_get() is also done: previously if the pinctrl handle for a certain device was already taken, the pinctrl core would return an error. Now, since the core may have already default-grabbed the handle and set its state to "default", if the handle was already taken, this will be disregarded and the located, previously instanitated handle will be returned to the caller. This way all code in drivers explicitly requesting their pinctrl handlers will still be functional, and drivers that want to explicitly retrieve and switch their handles can still do that. But if the desired functionality is just boilerplate of this type in the probe() function: struct pinctrl *p; p = devm_pinctrl_get_select_default(&dev); if (IS_ERR(p)) { if (PTR_ERR(p) == -EPROBE_DEFER) return -EPROBE_DEFER; dev_warn(&dev, "no pinctrl handle\n"); } The discussion began with the addition of such boilerplate to the omap4 keypad driver: http://marc.info/?l=linux-input&m=135091157719300&w=2 A previous approach using notifiers was discussed: http://marc.info/?l=linux-kernel&m=135263661110528&w=2 This failed because it could not handle deferred probes. This patch alone does not solve the entire dilemma faced: whether code should be distributed into the drivers or if it should be centralized to e.g. a PM domain. But it solves the immediate issue of the addition of boilerplate to a lot of drivers that just want to grab the default state. As mentioned, they can later explicitly retrieve the handle and set different states, and this could as well be done by e.g. PM domains as it is only related to a certain struct device * pointer. ChangeLog v4->v5 (Stephen): - Simplified the devicecore grab code. - Deleted a piece of documentation recommending that pins be mapped to a device rather than hogged. ChangeLog v3->v4 (Linus): - Drop overzealous NULL checks. - Move kref initialization to pinctrl_create(). - Seeking Tested-by from Stephen Warren so we do not disturb the Tegra platform. - Seeking ACK on this from Greg (and others who like it) so I can merge it through the pinctrl subsystem. ChangeLog v2->v3 (Linus): - Abstain from using IS_ERR_OR_NULL() in the driver core, Russell recently sent a patch to remove it. Handle the NULL case explicitly even though it's a bogus case. - Make sure we handle probe deferral correctly in the device core file. devm_kfree() the container on error so we don't waste memory for devices without pinctrl handles. - Introduce reference counting into the pinctrl core using <linux/kref.h> so that we don't release pinctrl handles that have been obtained for two or more places. ChangeLog v1->v2 (Linus): - Only store a pointer in the device struct, and only allocate this if it's really used by the device. Cc: Felipe Balbi <balbi@ti.com> Cc: Benoit Cousson <b-cousson@ti.com> Cc: Dmitry Torokhov <dmitry.torokhov@gmail.com> Cc: Thomas Petazzoni <thomas.petazzoni@free-electrons.com> Cc: Mitch Bradley <wmb@firmworks.com> Cc: Ulf Hansson <ulf.hansson@linaro.org> Cc: Rafael J. Wysocki <rjw@sisk.pl> Cc: Jean-Christophe PLAGNIOL-VILLARD <plagnioj@jcrosoft.com> Cc: Rickard Andersson <rickard.andersson@stericsson.com> Cc: Russell King <linux@arm.linux.org.uk> Reviewed-by: Mark Brown <broonie@opensource.wolfsonmicro.com> Acked-by: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Walleij <linus.walleij@linaro.org> [swarren: fixed and simplified error-handling in pinctrl_bind_pins(), to correctly handle deferred probe. Removed admonition from docs not to use pinctrl hogs for devices] Signed-off-by: Stephen Warren <swarren@nvidia.com> Signed-off-by: Linus Walleij <linus.walleij@linaro.org>
Diffstat (limited to 'Documentation/pinctrl.txt')
1 files changed, 15 insertions, 3 deletions
diff --git a/Documentation/pinctrl.txt b/Documentation/pinctrl.txt
index da40efb..a2b57e0 100644
--- a/Documentation/pinctrl.txt
+++ b/Documentation/pinctrl.txt
@@ -972,6 +972,18 @@ pinmux core.
Pin control requests from drivers
+When a device driver is about to probe the device core will automatically
+attempt to issue pinctrl_get_select_default() on these devices.
+This way driver writers do not need to add any of the boilerplate code
+of the type found below. However when doing fine-grained state selection
+and not using the "default" state, you may have to do some device driver
+handling of the pinctrl handles and states.
+So if you just want to put the pins for a certain device into the default
+state and be done with it, there is nothing you need to do besides
+providing the proper mapping table. The device core will take care of
+the rest.
Generally it is discouraged to let individual drivers get and enable pin
control. So if possible, handle the pin control in platform code or some other
place where you have access to all the affected struct device * pointers. In
@@ -1097,9 +1109,9 @@ situations that can be electrically unpleasant, you will certainly want to
mux in and bias pins in a certain way before the GPIO subsystems starts to
deal with them.
-The above can be hidden: using pinctrl hogs, the pin control driver may be
-setting up the config and muxing for the pins when it is probing,
-nevertheless orthogonal to the GPIO subsystem.
+The above can be hidden: using the device core, the pinctrl core may be
+setting up the config and muxing for the pins right before the device is
+probing, nevertheless orthogonal to the GPIO subsystem.
But there are also situations where it makes sense for the GPIO subsystem
to communicate directly with with the pinctrl subsystem, using the latter

Privacy Policy