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authorLinus Walleij <linus.walleij@linaro.org>2011-10-19 16:14:33 (GMT)
committerLinus Walleij <linus.walleij@linaro.org>2012-01-03 08:10:04 (GMT)
commitae6b4d8588f4fc95520b0e62c4b1f474c82191a9 (patch)
tree3da8e553a6374f02e89b5a6ba52b83f34c3abea2 /Documentation/pinctrl.txt
parentb4e3ac74d5cd4152f2ec6b3280b1ff3428952f7f (diff)
pinctrl: add a pin config interface
This add per-pin and per-group pin config interfaces for biasing, driving and other such electronic properties. The details of passed configurations are passed in an opaque unsigned long which may be dereferences to integer types, structs or lists on either side of the configuration interface. ChangeLog v1->v2: - Clear split of terminology: we now have pin controllers, and those may support two interfaces using vtables: pin multiplexing and pin configuration. - Break out pin configuration to its own C file, controllers may implement only config without mux, and vice versa, so keep each sub-functionality of pin controllers separate. Introduce CONFIG_PINCONF in Kconfig. - Implement some core logic around pin configuration in the pinconf.c file. - Remove UNKNOWN config states, these were just surplus baggage. - Remove FLOAT config state - HIGH_IMPEDANCE should be enough for everyone. - PIN_CONFIG_POWER_SOURCE added to handle switching the power supply for the pin logic between different sources - Explicit DISABLE config enums to turn schmitt-trigger, wakeup etc OFF. - Update documentation to reflect all the recent reasoning. ChangeLog v2->v3: - Twist API around to pass around arrays of config tuples instead of (param, value) pairs everywhere. - Explicit drive strength semantics for push/pull and similar drive modes, this shall be the number of drive stages vs nominal load impedance, which should match the actual electronics used in push/pull CMOS or TTY totempoles. - Drop load capacitance configuration - I probably don't know what I'm doing here so leave it out. - Drop PIN_CONFIG_INPUT_SCHMITT_OFF, instead the argument zero to PIN_CONFIG_INPUT_SCHMITT turns schmitt trigger off. - Drop PIN_CONFIG_NORMAL_POWER_MODE and have a well defined argument to PIN_CONFIG_LOW_POWER_MODE to get out of it instead. - Drop PIN_CONFIG_WAKEUP_ENABLE/DISABLE and just use PIN_CONFIG_WAKEUP with defined value zero to turn wakeup off. - Add PIN_CONFIG_INPUT_DEBOUNCE for configuring debounce time on input lines. - Fix a bug when we tried to configure pins for pin controllers without pinconf support. - Initialized debugfs properly so it works. - Initialize the mutex properly and lock around config tampering sections. - Check the return value from get_initial_config() properly. ChangeLog v3->v4: - Export the pin_config_get(), pin_config_set() and pin_config_group() functions. - Drop the entire concept of just getting initial config and keeping track of pin states internally, instead ask the pins what state they are in. Previous idea was plain wrong, if the device cannot keep track of its state, the driver should do it. - Drop the generic configuration layout, it seems this impose too much restriction on some pin controllers, so let them do things the way they want and split off support for generic config as an optional add-on. ChangeLog v4->v5: - Introduce two symmetric driver calls for group configuration, .pin_config_group_[get|set] and corresponding external calls. - Remove generic semantic meanings of return values from config calls, these belong in the generic config patch. Just pass the return value through instead. - Add a debugfs entry "pinconf-groups" to read status from group configuration only, also slam in a per-group debug callback in the pinconf_ops so custom drivers can display something meaningful for their pins. - Fix some dangling newline. - Drop dangling #else clause. - Update documentation to match the above. ChangeLog v5->v6: - Change to using a pin name as parameter for the [get|set]_config() functions, as suggested by Stephen Warren. This is more natural as names will be what a developer has access to in written documentation etc. ChangeLog v6->v7: - Refactor out by-pin and by-name get/set functions, only expose the by-name functions externally, expose the by-pin functions internally. - Show supported pin control functionality in the debugfs pinctrl-devices file. Acked-by: Stephen Warren <swarren@nvidia.com> Signed-off-by: Linus Walleij <linus.walleij@linaro.org>
Diffstat (limited to 'Documentation/pinctrl.txt')
-rw-r--r--Documentation/pinctrl.txt96
1 files changed, 90 insertions, 6 deletions
diff --git a/Documentation/pinctrl.txt b/Documentation/pinctrl.txt
index c8fd136..6d23fa8 100644
--- a/Documentation/pinctrl.txt
+++ b/Documentation/pinctrl.txt
@@ -7,12 +7,9 @@ This subsystem deals with:
- Multiplexing of pins, pads, fingers (etc) see below for details
-The intention is to also deal with:
-
-- Software-controlled biasing and driving mode specific pins, such as
- pull-up/down, open drain etc, load capacitance configuration when controlled
- by software, etc.
-
+- Configuration of pins, pads, fingers (etc), such as software-controlled
+ biasing and driving mode specific pins, such as pull-up/down, open drain,
+ load capacitance etc.
Top-level interface
===================
@@ -88,6 +85,11 @@ int __init foo_probe(void)
pr_err("could not register foo pin driver\n");
}
+To enable the pinctrl subsystem and the subgroups for PINMUX and PINCONF and
+selected drivers, you need to select them from your machine's Kconfig entry,
+since these are so tightly integrated with the machines they are used on.
+See for example arch/arm/mach-u300/Kconfig for an example.
+
Pins usually have fancier names than this. You can find these in the dataheet
for your chip. Notice that the core pinctrl.h file provides a fancy macro
called PINCTRL_PIN() to create the struct entries. As you can see I enumerated
@@ -193,6 +195,88 @@ structure, for example specific register ranges associated with each group
and so on.
+Pin configuration
+=================
+
+Pins can sometimes be software-configured in an various ways, mostly related
+to their electronic properties when used as inputs or outputs. For example you
+may be able to make an output pin high impedance, or "tristate" meaning it is
+effectively disconnected. You may be able to connect an input pin to VDD or GND
+using a certain resistor value - pull up and pull down - so that the pin has a
+stable value when nothing is driving the rail it is connected to, or when it's
+unconnected.
+
+For example, a platform may do this:
+
+ret = pin_config_set(dev, "FOO_GPIO_PIN", PLATFORM_X_PULL_UP);
+
+To pull up a pin to VDD. The pin configuration driver implements callbacks for
+changing pin configuration in the pin controller ops like this:
+
+#include <linux/pinctrl/pinctrl.h>
+#include <linux/pinctrl/pinconf.h>
+#include "platform_x_pindefs.h"
+
+int foo_pin_config_get(struct pinctrl_dev *pctldev,
+ unsigned offset,
+ unsigned long *config)
+{
+ struct my_conftype conf;
+
+ ... Find setting for pin @ offset ...
+
+ *config = (unsigned long) conf;
+}
+
+int foo_pin_config_set(struct pinctrl_dev *pctldev,
+ unsigned offset,
+ unsigned long config)
+{
+ struct my_conftype *conf = (struct my_conftype *) config;
+
+ switch (conf) {
+ case PLATFORM_X_PULL_UP:
+ ...
+ }
+ }
+}
+
+int foo_pin_config_group_get (struct pinctrl_dev *pctldev,
+ unsigned selector,
+ unsigned long *config)
+{
+ ...
+}
+
+int foo_pin_config_group_set (struct pinctrl_dev *pctldev,
+ unsigned selector,
+ unsigned long config)
+{
+ ...
+}
+
+static struct pinconf_ops foo_pconf_ops = {
+ .pin_config_get = foo_pin_config_get,
+ .pin_config_set = foo_pin_config_set,
+ .pin_config_group_get = foo_pin_config_group_get,
+ .pin_config_group_set = foo_pin_config_group_set,
+};
+
+/* Pin config operations are handled by some pin controller */
+static struct pinctrl_desc foo_desc = {
+ ...
+ .confops = &foo_pconf_ops,
+};
+
+Since some controllers have special logic for handling entire groups of pins
+they can exploit the special whole-group pin control function. The
+pin_config_group_set() callback is allowed to return the error code -EAGAIN,
+for groups it does not want to handle, or if it just wants to do some
+group-level handling and then fall through to iterate over all pins, in which
+case each individual pin will be treated by separate pin_config_set() calls as
+well.
+
+
Interaction with the GPIO subsystem
===================================

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