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authorJuri Lelli <juri.lelli@arm.com>2014-09-09 09:57:13 (GMT)
committerIngo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>2014-09-16 08:23:01 (GMT)
commit0d9ba8b03cfaed2696de42fe15ed410ba2ec7dbe (patch)
tree13af5f908540bbe8709ce0ad073c8dc5aecd41e2 /Documentation/scheduler
parentad67dc316f000df4756b027f3559ad0491497d9e (diff)
Documentation/scheduler/sched-deadline.txt: Rewrite section 4 intro
Section 4 intro was still describing the old interface. Rewrite it. Signed-off-by: Juri Lelli <juri.lelli@arm.com> Signed-off-by: Luca Abeni <luca.abeni@unitn.it> Reviewed-by: Henrik Austad <henrik@austad.us> Cc: Randy Dunlap <rdunlap@infradead.org> Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org> Cc: Dario Faggioli <raistlin@linux.it> Cc: Juri Lelli <juri.lelli@gmail.com> Cc: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org> Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/1410256636-26171-3-git-send-email-juri.lelli@arm.com Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>
Diffstat (limited to 'Documentation/scheduler')
-rw-r--r--Documentation/scheduler/sched-deadline.txt51
1 files changed, 25 insertions, 26 deletions
diff --git a/Documentation/scheduler/sched-deadline.txt b/Documentation/scheduler/sched-deadline.txt
index a029891..f75d832 100644
--- a/Documentation/scheduler/sched-deadline.txt
+++ b/Documentation/scheduler/sched-deadline.txt
@@ -165,39 +165,38 @@ CONTENTS
In order for the -deadline scheduling to be effective and useful, it is
important to have some method to keep the allocation of the available CPU
- bandwidth to the tasks under control.
- This is usually called "admission control" and if it is not performed at all,
- no guarantee can be given on the actual scheduling of the -deadline tasks.
-
- Since when RT-throttling has been introduced each task group has a bandwidth
- associated, calculated as a certain amount of runtime over a period.
- Moreover, to make it possible to manipulate such bandwidth, readable/writable
- controls have been added to both procfs (for system wide settings) and cgroupfs
- (for per-group settings).
- Therefore, the same interface is being used for controlling the bandwidth
- distrubution to -deadline tasks.
-
- However, more discussion is needed in order to figure out how we want to manage
- SCHED_DEADLINE bandwidth at the task group level. Therefore, SCHED_DEADLINE
- uses (for now) a less sophisticated, but actually very sensible, mechanism to
- ensure that a certain utilization cap is not overcome per each root_domain.
-
- Another main difference between deadline bandwidth management and RT-throttling
+ bandwidth to the tasks under control. This is usually called "admission
+ control" and if it is not performed at all, no guarantee can be given on
+ the actual scheduling of the -deadline tasks.
+
+ The interface used to control the fraction of CPU bandwidth that can be
+ allocated to -deadline tasks is similar to the one already used for -rt
+ tasks with real-time group scheduling (a.k.a. RT-throttling - see
+ Documentation/scheduler/sched-rt-group.txt), and is based on readable/
+ writable control files located in procfs (for system wide settings).
+ Notice that per-group settings (controlled through cgroupfs) are still not
+ defined for -deadline tasks, because more discussion is needed in order to
+ figure out how we want to manage SCHED_DEADLINE bandwidth at the task group
+ level.
+
+ A main difference between deadline bandwidth management and RT-throttling
is that -deadline tasks have bandwidth on their own (while -rt ones don't!),
- and thus we don't need an higher level throttling mechanism to enforce the
- desired bandwidth.
+ and thus we don't need a higher level throttling mechanism to enforce the
+ desired bandwidth. Therefore, using this simple interface we can put a cap
+ on total utilization of -deadline tasks (i.e., \Sum (runtime_i / period_i) <
+ global_dl_utilization_cap).
4.1 System wide settings
------------------------
The system wide settings are configured under the /proc virtual file system.
- For now the -rt knobs are used for dl admission control and the -deadline
- runtime is accounted against the -rt runtime. We realise that this isn't
- entirely desirable; however, it is better to have a small interface for now,
- and be able to change it easily later. The ideal situation (see 5.) is to run
- -rt tasks from a -deadline server; in which case the -rt bandwidth is a direct
- subset of dl_bw.
+ For now the -rt knobs are used for -deadline admission control and the
+ -deadline runtime is accounted against the -rt runtime. We realise that this
+ isn't entirely desirable; however, it is better to have a small interface for
+ now, and be able to change it easily later. The ideal situation (see 5.) is to
+ run -rt tasks from a -deadline server; in which case the -rt bandwidth is a
+ direct subset of dl_bw.
This means that, for a root_domain comprising M CPUs, -deadline tasks
can be created while the sum of their bandwidths stays below:

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