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authorEvgeniy Polyakov <johnpol@2ka.mipt.ru>2005-06-03 21:31:47 (GMT)
committerGreg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@suse.de>2005-06-22 04:43:12 (GMT)
commit4754639d88e922af451b399af09ac1bb442c35e5 (patch)
tree6dbac4533761e2fa31f2eebc3193dbfff98e0497 /Documentation/w1
parent99c5bfe993af1af37ddd615e72207dc7220dc526 (diff)
[PATCH] w1: Updates the w1 documentation (w1.generic)
Updates the w1 documentation (w1.generic) Signed-off-by: Ben Gardner <bgardner@wabtec.com> Signed-off-by: Evgeniy Polyakov <johnpol@2ka.mipt.ru> Signed-off-by: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@suse.de>
Diffstat (limited to 'Documentation/w1')
-rw-r--r--Documentation/w1/w1.generic107
1 files changed, 90 insertions, 17 deletions
diff --git a/Documentation/w1/w1.generic b/Documentation/w1/w1.generic
index eace304..f937fbe 100644
--- a/Documentation/w1/w1.generic
+++ b/Documentation/w1/w1.generic
@@ -1,19 +1,92 @@
-Any w1 device must be connected to w1 bus master device - for example
-ds9490 usb device or w1-over-GPIO or RS232 converter.
-Driver for w1 bus master must provide several functions(you can find
-them in struct w1_bus_master definition in w1.h) which then will be
-called by w1 core to send various commands over w1 bus(by default it is
-reset and search commands). When some device is found on the bus, w1 core
-checks if driver for it's family is loaded.
-If driver is loaded w1 core creates new w1_slave object and registers it
-in the system(creates some generic sysfs files(struct w1_family_ops in
-w1_family.h), notifies any registered listener and so on...).
-It is device driver's business to provide any communication method
-upstream.
-For example w1_therm driver(ds18?20 thermal sensor family driver)
-provides temperature reading function which is bound to ->rbin() method
-of the above w1_family_ops structure.
-w1_smem - driver for simple 64bit memory cell provides ID reading
-method.
+The 1-wire (w1) subsystem
+------------------------------------------------------------------
+The 1-wire bus is a simple master-slave bus that communicates via a single
+signal wire (plus ground, so two wires).
+
+Devices communicate on the bus by pulling the signal to ground via an open
+drain output and by sampling the logic level of the signal line.
+
+The w1 subsystem provides the framework for managing w1 masters and
+communication with slaves.
+
+All w1 slave devices must be connected to a w1 bus master device.
+
+Example w1 master devices:
+ DS9490 usb device
+ W1-over-GPIO
+ DS2482 (i2c to w1 bridge)
+ Emulated devices, such as a RS232 converter, parallel port adapter, etc
+
+
+What does the w1 subsystem do?
+------------------------------------------------------------------
+When a w1 master driver registers with the w1 subsystem, the following occurs:
+
+ - sysfs entries for that w1 master are created
+ - the w1 bus is periodically searched for new slave devices
+
+When a device is found on the bus, w1 core checks if driver for it's family is
+loaded. If so, the family driver is attached to the slave.
+If there is no driver for the family, a simple sysfs entry is created
+for the slave device.
+
+
+W1 device families
+------------------------------------------------------------------
+Slave devices are handled by a driver written for a family of w1 devices.
+
+A family driver populates a struct w1_family_ops (see w1_family.h) and
+registers with the w1 subsystem.
+
+Current family drivers:
+w1_therm - (ds18?20 thermal sensor family driver)
+ provides temperature reading function which is bound to ->rbin() method
+ of the above w1_family_ops structure.
+
+w1_smem - driver for simple 64bit memory cell provides ID reading method.
You can call above methods by reading appropriate sysfs files.
+
+
+What does a w1 master driver need to implement?
+------------------------------------------------------------------
+
+The driver for w1 bus master must provide at minimum two functions.
+
+Emulated devices must provide the ability to set the output signal level
+(write_bit) and sample the signal level (read_bit).
+
+Devices that support the 1-wire natively must provide the ability to write and
+sample a bit (touch_bit) and reset the bus (reset_bus).
+
+Most hardware provides higher-level functions that offload w1 handling.
+See struct w1_bus_master definition in w1.h for details.
+
+
+w1 master sysfs interface
+------------------------------------------------------------------
+<xx-xxxxxxxxxxxxx> - a directory for a found device. The format is family-serial
+bus - (standard) symlink to the w1 bus
+driver - (standard) symlink to the w1 driver
+w1_master_attempts - the number of times a search was attempted
+w1_master_max_slave_count
+ - the maximum slaves that may be attached to a master
+w1_master_name - the name of the device (w1_bus_masterX)
+w1_master_search - the number of searches left to do, -1=continual (default)
+w1_master_slave_count
+ - the number of slaves found
+w1_master_slaves - the names of the slaves, one per line
+w1_master_timeout - the delay in seconds between searches
+
+If you have a w1 bus that never changes (you don't add or remove devices),
+you can set w1_master_search to a positive value to disable searches.
+
+
+w1 slave sysfs interface
+------------------------------------------------------------------
+bus - (standard) symlink to the w1 bus
+driver - (standard) symlink to the w1 driver
+name - the device name, usually the same as the directory name
+w1_slave - (optional) a binary file whose meaning depends on the
+ family driver
+

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