aboutsummaryrefslogtreecommitdiffstats
path: root/Documentation/RCU
AgeCommit message (Collapse)AuthorFilesLines
2012-02-21rcu: Rework detection of use of RCU by offline CPUsPaul E. McKenney1-20/+16
Because newly offlined CPUs continue executing after completing the CPU_DYING notifiers, they legitimately enter the scheduler and use RCU while appearing to be offline. This calls for a more sophisticated approach as follows: 1. RCU marks the CPU online during the CPU_UP_PREPARE phase. 2. RCU marks the CPU offline during the CPU_DEAD phase. 3. Diagnostics regarding use of read-side RCU by offline CPUs use RCU's accounting rather than the cpu_online_map. (Note that __call_rcu() still uses cpu_online_map to detect illegal invocations within CPU_DYING notifiers.) 4. Offline CPUs are prevented from hanging the system by force_quiescent_state(), which pays attention to cpu_online_map. Some additional work (in a later commit) will be needed to guarantee that force_quiescent_state() waits a full jiffy before assuming that a CPU is offline, for example, when called from idle entry. (This commit also makes the one-jiffy wait explicit, since the old-style implicit wait can now be defeated by RCU_FAST_NO_HZ and by rcutorture.) This approach avoids the false positives encountered when attempting to use more exact classification of CPU online/offline state. Signed-off-by: Paul E. McKenney <paul.mckenney@linaro.org> Signed-off-by: Paul E. McKenney <paulmck@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
2012-02-21rcu: Update stall-warning documentationPaul E. McKenney1-7/+80
Add documentation of CONFIG_RCU_CPU_STALL_VERBOSE, CONFIG_RCU_CPU_STALL_INFO, and RCU_STALL_DELAY_DELTA. Describe multiple stall-warning messages from a single stall, and the timing of the subsequent messages. Add headings. Remove RCU_SECONDS_TILL_STALL_RECHECK because this value is now computed at runtime from RCU_CPU_STALL_TIMEOUT, so that sysfs changes to the timeout value now directly affect the RCU_SECONDS_TILL_STALL_RECHECK value. Signed-off-by: Paul E. McKenney <paul.mckenney@linaro.org> Signed-off-by: Paul E. McKenney <paulmck@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
2012-02-21rcu: Add CPU-stall capability to rcutorturePaul E. McKenney1-0/+18
Add module parameters to rcutorture that induce a CPU stall. The stall_cpu parameter specifies how long to stall in seconds, defaulting to zero, which indicates no stalling is to be undertaken. The stall_cpu_holdoff parameter specifies how many seconds after insmod (or boot, if rcutorture is built into the kernel) that this stall is to start. The default value for stall_cpu_holdoff is ten seconds. Signed-off-by: Paul E. McKenney <paul.mckenney@linaro.org> Signed-off-by: Paul E. McKenney <paulmck@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
2012-02-21rcu: Make documentation give more realistic rcutorture durationPaul E. McKenney1-1/+1
The torture.txt documentation gives an example rcutorture run with a 100-second duration. This is ridiculously short, unless maybe testing a fix for a egregious bug. Use a more-realistic one-hour duration for the example. Signed-off-by: Paul E. McKenney <paulmck@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
2012-02-21rcutorture: Permit holding off CPU-hotplug operations during bootPaul E. McKenney1-2/+11
When rcutorture is started automatically at boot time, it might well also start CPU-hotplug operations at that time, which might not be desirable. This commit therefore adds an rcutorture parameter that allows CPU-hotplug operations to be held off for the specified number of seconds after the start of boot. Signed-off-by: Paul E. McKenney <paul.mckenney@linaro.org> Signed-off-by: Paul E. McKenney <paulmck@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
2012-02-21rcu: Bring RTFP.txt up to date.Paul E. McKenney1-98/+1686
Add publications from 2010 and 2011 to RTFP.txt. Signed-off-by: Paul E. McKenney <paulmck@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
2011-12-11docs: Additional LWN links to RCU APIKees Cook1-0/+1
Tyler Hicks pointed me at an additional article on RCU and I figured it should probably be mentioned with the others. Signed-off-by: Kees Cook <keescook@chromium.org> Signed-off-by: Paul E. McKenney <paulmck@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
2011-12-11rcu: Add rcutorture CPU-hotplug capabilityPaul E. McKenney1-0/+8
Running CPU-hotplug operations concurrently with rcutorture has historically been a good way to find bugs in both RCU and CPU hotplug. This commit therefore adds an rcutorture module parameter called "onoff_interval" that causes a randomly selected CPU-hotplug operation to be executed at the specified interval, in seconds. The default value of "onoff_interval" is zero, which disables rcutorture-instigated CPU-hotplug operations. Signed-off-by: Paul E. McKenney <paul.mckenney@linaro.org> Signed-off-by: Paul E. McKenney <paulmck@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
2011-12-11rcu: Add rcutorture system-shutdown capabilityPaul E. McKenney1-0/+5
Although it is easy to run rcutorture tests under KVM, there is currently no nice way to run such a test for a fixed time period, collect all of the rcutorture data, and then shut the system down cleanly. This commit therefore adds an rcutorture module parameter named "shutdown_secs" that specified the run duration in seconds, after which rcutorture terminates the test and powers the system down. The default value for "shutdown_secs" is zero, which disables shutdown. Signed-off-by: Paul E. McKenney <paul.mckenney@linaro.org> Signed-off-by: Paul E. McKenney <paulmck@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
2011-12-11rcu: Add documentation for raw SRCU read-side primitivesPaul E. McKenney4-16/+29
Update various files in Documentation/RCU to reflect srcu_read_lock_raw() and srcu_read_unlock_raw(). Credit to Peter Zijlstra for suggesting use of the existing _raw suffix instead of the earlier bulkref names. Signed-off-by: Paul E. McKenney <paulmck@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
2011-12-11rcu: Document failing tick as cause of RCU CPU stall warningPaul E. McKenney1-0/+5
One of lclaudio's systems was seeing RCU CPU stall warnings from idle. These turned out to be caused by a bug that stopped scheduling-clock tick interrupts from being sent to a given CPU for several hundred seconds. This commit therefore updates the documentation to call this out as a possible cause for RCU CPU stall warnings. Signed-off-by: Paul E. McKenney <paulmck@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Reviewed-by: Josh Triplett <josh@joshtriplett.org>
2011-12-11rcu: Track idleness independent of idle tasksPaul E. McKenney1-4/+0
Earlier versions of RCU used the scheduling-clock tick to detect idleness by checking for the idle task, but handled idleness differently for CONFIG_NO_HZ=y. But there are now a number of uses of RCU read-side critical sections in the idle task, for example, for tracing. A more fine-grained detection of idleness is therefore required. This commit presses the old dyntick-idle code into full-time service, so that rcu_idle_enter(), previously known as rcu_enter_nohz(), is always invoked at the beginning of an idle loop iteration. Similarly, rcu_idle_exit(), previously known as rcu_exit_nohz(), is always invoked at the end of an idle-loop iteration. This allows the idle task to use RCU everywhere except between consecutive rcu_idle_enter() and rcu_idle_exit() calls, in turn allowing architecture maintainers to specify exactly where in the idle loop that RCU may be used. Because some of the userspace upcall uses can result in what looks to RCU like half of an interrupt, it is not possible to expect that the irq_enter() and irq_exit() hooks will give exact counts. This patch therefore expands the ->dynticks_nesting counter to 64 bits and uses two separate bitfields to count process/idle transitions and interrupt entry/exit transitions. It is presumed that userspace upcalls do not happen in the idle loop or from usermode execution (though usermode might do a system call that results in an upcall). The counter is hard-reset on each process/idle transition, which avoids the interrupt entry/exit error from accumulating. Overflow is avoided by the 64-bitness of the ->dyntick_nesting counter. This commit also adds warnings if a non-idle task asks RCU to enter idle state (and these checks will need some adjustment before applying Frederic's OS-jitter patches (http://lkml.org/lkml/2011/10/7/246). In addition, validation of ->dynticks and ->dynticks_nesting is added. Signed-off-by: Paul E. McKenney <paul.mckenney@linaro.org> Signed-off-by: Paul E. McKenney <paulmck@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Reviewed-by: Josh Triplett <josh@joshtriplett.org>
2011-09-28rcu: Document interpretation of RCU-lockdep splatsPaul E. McKenney1-0/+110
There has been quite a bit of confusion about what RCU-lockdep splats mean, so this commit adds some documentation describing how to interpret them. Signed-off-by: Paul E. McKenney <paulmck@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
2011-09-28rcu: Update documentation for additional RCU lockdep functionsPaul E. McKenney1-3/+21
Add documentation for rcu_dereference_bh_check(), rcu_dereference_sched_check(), srcu_dereference_check(), and rcu_dereference_index_check(). Signed-off-by: Paul E. McKenney <paulmck@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
2011-09-28rcu: Not necessary to pass rcu_read_lock_held() to rcu_dereference_protected()Michal Hocko1-6/+4
Since ca5ecddf (rcu: define __rcu address space modifier for sparse) rcu_dereference_check() use rcu_read_lock_held() as a part of condition automatically. Therefore, callers of rcu_dereference_check() no longer need to pass rcu_read_lock_held() to rcu_dereference_check(). Signed-off-by: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.cz> Signed-off-by: Paul E. McKenney <paulmck@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
2011-09-28rcu: Simplify quiescent-state accountingPaul E. McKenney1-17/+17
There is often a delay between the time that a CPU passes through a quiescent state and the time that this quiescent state is reported to the RCU core. It is quite possible that the grace period ended before the quiescent state could be reported, for example, some other CPU might have deduced that this CPU passed through dyntick-idle mode. It is critically important that quiescent state be counted only against the grace period that was in effect at the time that the quiescent state was detected. Previously, this was handled by recording the number of the last grace period to complete when passing through a quiescent state. The RCU core then checks this number against the current value, and rejects the quiescent state if there is a mismatch. However, one additional possibility must be accounted for, namely that the quiescent state was recorded after the prior grace period completed but before the current grace period started. In this case, the RCU core must reject the quiescent state, but the recorded number will match. This is handled when the CPU becomes aware of a new grace period -- at that point, it invalidates any prior quiescent state. This works, but is a bit indirect. The new approach records the current grace period, and the RCU core checks to see (1) that this is still the current grace period and (2) that this grace period has not yet ended. This approach simplifies reasoning about correctness, and this commit changes over to this new approach. Signed-off-by: Paul E. McKenney <paul.mckenney@linaro.org> Signed-off-by: Paul E. McKenney <paulmck@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
2011-09-28rcu: Fix RCU's NMI documentationPaul E. McKenney1-1/+1
It has long been the case that the architecture must call nmi_enter() and nmi_exit() rather than irq_enter() and irq_exit() in order to permit RCU read-side critical sections in NMIs. Catch the documentation up with reality. Signed-off-by: Paul E. McKenney <paulmck@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Acked-by: Mathieu Desnoyers <mathieu.desnoyers@efficios.com>
2011-09-28rcu: Catch rcutorture up to new RCU API additionsPaul E. McKenney1-0/+3
Now that the RCU API contains synchronize_rcu_bh(), synchronize_sched(), call_rcu_sched(), and rcu_bh_expedited()... Make rcutorture test synchronize_rcu_bh(), getting rid of the old rcu_bh_torture_synchronize() workaround. Similarly, make rcutorture test synchronize_sched(), getting rid of the old sched_torture_synchronize() workaround. Make rcutorture test call_rcu_sched() instead of wrappering synchronize_sched(). Also add testing of rcu_bh_expedited(). Signed-off-by: Paul E. McKenney <paulmck@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
2011-09-28rcu: Update rcutorture documentationPaul E. McKenney1-35/+99
Update rcutorture documentation to account for boosting, new types of RCU torture testing that have been added over the past few years, and the memory-barrier testing that was added an embarrassingly long time ago. Signed-off-by: Paul E. McKenney <paul.mckenney@linaro.org> Signed-off-by: Paul E. McKenney <paulmck@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
2011-09-28rcu: Update documentation to flag RCU_BOOST trace informationPaul E. McKenney1-0/+4
Call out the RCU_TRACE information that is provided only in kernels built with RCU_BOOST. Signed-off-by: Paul E. McKenney <paul.mckenney@linaro.org> Signed-off-by: Paul E. McKenney <paulmck@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
2011-06-13doc: fix wrong arch/i386 referencesWanlong Gao1-2/+2
Change all "arch/i386" to "arch/x86" in Documentaion/, since the directory has changed. Also update the files which have changed their filename in the meantime accordingly. Signed-off-by: Wanlong Gao <wanlong.gao@gmail.com> [jkosina@suse.cz: reword changelog] Signed-off-by: Jiri Kosina <jkosina@suse.cz>
2011-05-26rcu: Decrease memory-barrier usage based on semi-formal proofPaul E. McKenney1-12/+5
(Note: this was reverted, and is now being re-applied in pieces, with this being the fifth and final piece. See below for the reason that it is now felt to be safe to re-apply this.) Commit d09b62d fixed grace-period synchronization, but left some smp_mb() invocations in rcu_process_callbacks() that are no longer needed, but sheer paranoia prevented them from being removed. This commit removes them and provides a proof of correctness in their absence. It also adds a memory barrier to rcu_report_qs_rsp() immediately before the update to rsp->completed in order to handle the theoretical possibility that the compiler or CPU might move massive quantities of code into a lock-based critical section. This also proves that the sheer paranoia was not entirely unjustified, at least from a theoretical point of view. In addition, the old dyntick-idle synchronization depended on the fact that grace periods were many milliseconds in duration, so that it could be assumed that no dyntick-idle CPU could reorder a memory reference across an entire grace period. Unfortunately for this design, the addition of expedited grace periods breaks this assumption, which has the unfortunate side-effect of requiring atomic operations in the functions that track dyntick-idle state for RCU. (There is some hope that the algorithms used in user-level RCU might be applied here, but some work is required to handle the NMIs that user-space applications can happily ignore. For the short term, better safe than sorry.) This proof assumes that neither compiler nor CPU will allow a lock acquisition and release to be reordered, as doing so can result in deadlock. The proof is as follows: 1. A given CPU declares a quiescent state under the protection of its leaf rcu_node's lock. 2. If there is more than one level of rcu_node hierarchy, the last CPU to declare a quiescent state will also acquire the ->lock of the next rcu_node up in the hierarchy, but only after releasing the lower level's lock. The acquisition of this lock clearly cannot occur prior to the acquisition of the leaf node's lock. 3. Step 2 repeats until we reach the root rcu_node structure. Please note again that only one lock is held at a time through this process. The acquisition of the root rcu_node's ->lock must occur after the release of that of the leaf rcu_node. 4. At this point, we set the ->completed field in the rcu_state structure in rcu_report_qs_rsp(). However, if the rcu_node hierarchy contains only one rcu_node, then in theory the code preceding the quiescent state could leak into the critical section. We therefore precede the update of ->completed with a memory barrier. All CPUs will therefore agree that any updates preceding any report of a quiescent state will have happened before the update of ->completed. 5. Regardless of whether a new grace period is needed, rcu_start_gp() will propagate the new value of ->completed to all of the leaf rcu_node structures, under the protection of each rcu_node's ->lock. If a new grace period is needed immediately, this propagation will occur in the same critical section that ->completed was set in, but courtesy of the memory barrier in #4 above, is still seen to follow any pre-quiescent-state activity. 6. When a given CPU invokes __rcu_process_gp_end(), it becomes aware of the end of the old grace period and therefore makes any RCU callbacks that were waiting on that grace period eligible for invocation. If this CPU is the same one that detected the end of the grace period, and if there is but a single rcu_node in the hierarchy, we will still be in the single critical section. In this case, the memory barrier in step #4 guarantees that all callbacks will be seen to execute after each CPU's quiescent state. On the other hand, if this is a different CPU, it will acquire the leaf rcu_node's ->lock, and will again be serialized after each CPU's quiescent state for the old grace period. On the strength of this proof, this commit therefore removes the memory barriers from rcu_process_callbacks() and adds one to rcu_report_qs_rsp(). The effect is to reduce the number of memory barriers by one and to reduce the frequency of execution from about once per scheduling tick per CPU to once per grace period. This was reverted do to hangs found during testing by Yinghai Lu and Ingo Molnar. Frederic Weisbecker supplied Yinghai with tracing that located the underlying problem, and Frederic also provided the fix. The underlying problem was that the HARDIRQ_ENTER() macro from lib/locking-selftest.c invoked irq_enter(), which in turn invokes rcu_irq_enter(), but HARDIRQ_EXIT() invoked __irq_exit(), which does not invoke rcu_irq_exit(). This situation resulted in calls to rcu_irq_enter() that were not balanced by the required calls to rcu_irq_exit(). Therefore, after these locking selftests completed, RCU's dyntick-idle nesting count was a large number (for example, 72), which caused RCU to to conclude that the affected CPU was not in dyntick-idle mode when in fact it was. RCU would therefore incorrectly wait for this dyntick-idle CPU, resulting in hangs. In contrast, with Frederic's patch, which replaces the irq_enter() in HARDIRQ_ENTER() with an __irq_enter(), these tests don't ever call either rcu_irq_enter() or rcu_irq_exit(), which works because the CPU running the test is already marked as not being in dyntick-idle mode. This means that the rcu_irq_enter() and rcu_irq_exit() calls and RCU then has no problem working out which CPUs are in dyntick-idle mode and which are not. The reason that the imbalance was not noticed before the barrier patch was applied is that the old implementation of rcu_enter_nohz() ignored the nesting depth. This could still result in delays, but much shorter ones. Whenever there was a delay, RCU would IPI the CPU with the unbalanced nesting level, which would eventually result in rcu_enter_nohz() being called, which in turn would force RCU to see that the CPU was in dyntick-idle mode. The reason that very few people noticed the problem is that the mismatched irq_enter() vs. __irq_exit() occured only when the kernel was built with CONFIG_DEBUG_LOCKING_API_SELFTESTS. Signed-off-by: Paul E. McKenney <paulmck@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Reviewed-by: Josh Triplett <josh@joshtriplett.org>
2011-05-19Revert "rcu: Decrease memory-barrier usage based on semi-formal proof"Paul E. McKenney1-5/+12
This reverts commit e59fb3120becfb36b22ddb8bd27d065d3cdca499. This reversion was due to (extreme) boot-time slowdowns on SPARC seen by Yinghai Lu and on x86 by Ingo . This is a non-trivial reversion due to intervening commits. Conflicts: Documentation/RCU/trace.txt kernel/rcutree.c Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
2011-05-05rcu: Add forward-progress diagnostic for per-CPU kthreadsPaul E. McKenney1-17/+22
Increment a per-CPU counter on each pass through rcu_cpu_kthread()'s service loop, and add it to the rcudata trace output. Signed-off-by: Paul E. McKenney <paul.mckenney@linaro.org> Signed-off-by: Paul E. McKenney <paulmck@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Reviewed-by: Josh Triplett <josh@joshtriplett.org>
2011-05-05rcu: add grace-period age and more kthread state to tracingPaul E. McKenney1-2/+10
This commit adds the age in jiffies of the current grace period along with the duration in jiffies of the longest grace period since boot to the rcu/rcugp debugfs file. It also adds an additional "O" state to kthread tracing to differentiate between the kthread waiting due to having nothing to do on the one hand and waiting due to being on the wrong CPU on the other hand. Signed-off-by: Paul E. McKenney <paul.mckenney@linaro.org> Signed-off-by: Paul E. McKenney <paulmck@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
2011-05-05rcu: update tracing documentation for new rcutorture and rcuboostPaul E. McKenney1-25/+161
This commit documents the new debugfs rcu/rcutorture and rcu/rcuboost trace files. The description has been updated as suggested by Josh Triplett. Signed-off-by: Paul E. McKenney <paul.mckenney@linaro.org> Signed-off-by: Paul E. McKenney <paulmck@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
2011-05-05rcu: add callback-queue information to rcudata outputPaul E. McKenney1-16/+42
This commit adds an indication of the state of the callback queue using a string of four characters following the "ql=" integer queue length. The first character is "N" if there are callbacks that have been queued that are not yet ready to be handled by the next grace period, or "." otherwise. The second character is "R" if there are callbacks queued that are ready to be handled by the next grace period, or "." otherwise. The third character is "W" if there are callbacks waiting for the current grace period, or "." otherwise. Finally, the fourth character is "D" if there are callbacks that have been handled by a prior grace period and are waiting to be invoked, or ".". Note that callbacks that are in the process of being invoked are not shown. These callbacks would have been removed from the rcu_data structure's list by rcu_do_batch() prior to being executed. (These callbacks are also not reflected in the "ql=" total, FWIW.) Also, document the new callback-queue trace information. Signed-off-by: Paul E. McKenney <paul.mckenney@linaro.org> Signed-off-by: Paul E. McKenney <paulmck@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Reviewed-by: Josh Triplett <josh@joshtriplett.org>
2011-05-05rcu: Update RCU's trace.txt documentation for new formatPaul E. McKenney1-31/+34
The trace.txt file had obsolete output for the debugfs rcu/rcudata file, so update it. Signed-off-by: Paul E. McKenney <paul.mckenney@linaro.org> Signed-off-by: Paul E. McKenney <paulmck@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Reviewed-by: Josh Triplett <josh@joshtriplett.org>
2011-05-05rcu: merge TREE_PREEPT_RCU blocked_tasks[] listsPaul E. McKenney1-11/+18
Combine the current TREE_PREEMPT_RCU ->blocked_tasks[] lists in the rcu_node structure into a single ->blkd_tasks list with ->gp_tasks and ->exp_tasks tail pointers. This is in preparation for RCU priority boosting, which will add a third dimension to the combinatorial explosion in the ->blocked_tasks[] case, but simply a third pointer in the new ->blkd_tasks case. Also update documentation to reflect blocked_tasks[] merge Signed-off-by: Paul E. McKenney <paul.mckenney@linaro.org> Signed-off-by: Paul E. McKenney <paulmck@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Reviewed-by: Josh Triplett <josh@joshtriplett.org>
2011-05-05rcu: Decrease memory-barrier usage based on semi-formal proofPaul E. McKenney1-28/+20
Commit d09b62d fixed grace-period synchronization, but left some smp_mb() invocations in rcu_process_callbacks() that are no longer needed, but sheer paranoia prevented them from being removed. This commit removes them and provides a proof of correctness in their absence. It also adds a memory barrier to rcu_report_qs_rsp() immediately before the update to rsp->completed in order to handle the theoretical possibility that the compiler or CPU might move massive quantities of code into a lock-based critical section. This also proves that the sheer paranoia was not entirely unjustified, at least from a theoretical point of view. In addition, the old dyntick-idle synchronization depended on the fact that grace periods were many milliseconds in duration, so that it could be assumed that no dyntick-idle CPU could reorder a memory reference across an entire grace period. Unfortunately for this design, the addition of expedited grace periods breaks this assumption, which has the unfortunate side-effect of requiring atomic operations in the functions that track dyntick-idle state for RCU. (There is some hope that the algorithms used in user-level RCU might be applied here, but some work is required to handle the NMIs that user-space applications can happily ignore. For the short term, better safe than sorry.) This proof assumes that neither compiler nor CPU will allow a lock acquisition and release to be reordered, as doing so can result in deadlock. The proof is as follows: 1. A given CPU declares a quiescent state under the protection of its leaf rcu_node's lock. 2. If there is more than one level of rcu_node hierarchy, the last CPU to declare a quiescent state will also acquire the ->lock of the next rcu_node up in the hierarchy, but only after releasing the lower level's lock. The acquisition of this lock clearly cannot occur prior to the acquisition of the leaf node's lock. 3. Step 2 repeats until we reach the root rcu_node structure. Please note again that only one lock is held at a time through this process. The acquisition of the root rcu_node's ->lock must occur after the release of that of the leaf rcu_node. 4. At this point, we set the ->completed field in the rcu_state structure in rcu_report_qs_rsp(). However, if the rcu_node hierarchy contains only one rcu_node, then in theory the code preceding the quiescent state could leak into the critical section. We therefore precede the update of ->completed with a memory barrier. All CPUs will therefore agree that any updates preceding any report of a quiescent state will have happened before the update of ->completed. 5. Regardless of whether a new grace period is needed, rcu_start_gp() will propagate the new value of ->completed to all of the leaf rcu_node structures, under the protection of each rcu_node's ->lock. If a new grace period is needed immediately, this propagation will occur in the same critical section that ->completed was set in, but courtesy of the memory barrier in #4 above, is still seen to follow any pre-quiescent-state activity. 6. When a given CPU invokes __rcu_process_gp_end(), it becomes aware of the end of the old grace period and therefore makes any RCU callbacks that were waiting on that grace period eligible for invocation. If this CPU is the same one that detected the end of the grace period, and if there is but a single rcu_node in the hierarchy, we will still be in the single critical section. In this case, the memory barrier in step #4 guarantees that all callbacks will be seen to execute after each CPU's quiescent state. On the other hand, if this is a different CPU, it will acquire the leaf rcu_node's ->lock, and will again be serialized after each CPU's quiescent state for the old grace period. On the strength of this proof, this commit therefore removes the memory barriers from rcu_process_callbacks() and adds one to rcu_report_qs_rsp(). The effect is to reduce the number of memory barriers by one and to reduce the frequency of execution from about once per scheduling tick per CPU to once per grace period. Signed-off-by: Paul E. McKenney <paulmck@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Reviewed-by: Josh Triplett <josh@joshtriplett.org>
2011-05-05rcu: Remove conditional compilation for RCU CPU stall warningsPaul E. McKenney2-11/+14
The RCU CPU stall warnings can now be controlled using the rcu_cpu_stall_suppress boot-time parameter or via the same parameter from sysfs. There is therefore no longer any reason to have kernel config parameters for this feature. This commit therefore removes the RCU_CPU_STALL_DETECTOR and RCU_CPU_STALL_DETECTOR_RUNNABLE kernel config parameters. The RCU_CPU_STALL_TIMEOUT parameter remains to allow the timeout to be tuned and the RCU_CPU_STALL_VERBOSE parameter remains to allow task-stall information to be suppressed if desired. Signed-off-by: Paul E. McKenney <paulmck@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Reviewed-by: Josh Triplett <josh@joshtriplett.org>
2011-03-04rcu: add documentation saying which RCU flavor to choosePaul E. McKenney1-0/+31
Reported-by: Paul Mackerras <paulus@samba.org> Signed-off-by: Paul E. McKenney <paulmck@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
2010-11-29rcu: update documentation/comments for Lai's adoption patchPaul E. McKenney1-8/+4
Lai's RCU-callback immediate-adoption patch changes the RCU tracing output, so update tracing.txt. Also update a few comments to clarify the synchronization design. Signed-off-by: Paul E. McKenney <paulmck@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
2010-11-29rcu: document TINY_RCU and TINY_PREEMPT_RCU tracing.Paul E. McKenney1-8/+124
Add the required verbiage to Documentation/RCU/trace.txt. Signed-off-by: Paul E. McKenney <paul.mckenney@linaro.org> Signed-off-by: Paul E. McKenney <paulmck@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
2010-09-23rcu: Add tracing data to support queueing modelsPaul E. McKenney1-1/+12
The current tracing data is not sufficient to deduce the average time that a callback spends waiting for a grace period to end. Add three per-CPU counters recording the number of callbacks invoked (ci), the number of callbacks orphaned (co), and the number of callbacks adopted (ca). Given the existing callback queue length (ql), the average wait time in absence of CPU hotplug operations is ql/ci. The units of wait time will be in terms of the duration over which ci was measured. In the presence of CPU hotplug operations, there is room for argument, but ql/(ci-co+ca) won't steer you too far wrong. Also fixes a typo called out by Lucas De Marchi <lucas.de.marchi@gmail.com>. Signed-off-by: Paul E. McKenney <paulmck@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
2010-08-23rcu: upgrade stallwarn.txt documentation for CPU-bound RT processesPaul E. McKenney1-0/+18
CPU-bound real-time processes can cause RCU CPU stall warnings, and much other trouble as well. Document the fact that they can cause RCU CPU stall warnings. Suggested-by: Darren Hart <dvhltc@us.ibm.com> Signed-off-by: Paul E. McKenney <paulmck@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
2010-08-20rcu: document ways of stalling updates in low-memory situationsPaul E. McKenney1-7/+16
Signed-off-by: Paul E. McKenney <paulmck@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
2010-08-19rcu: add shiny new debug assists to Documentation/RCU/checklist.txtPaul E. McKenney1-0/+23
Add a section describing PROVE_RCU, DEBUG_OBJECTS_RCU_HEAD, and the __rcu sparse checking to the RCU checklist. Suggested-by: David Miller <davem@davemloft.net> Signed-off-by: Paul E. McKenney <paulmck@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Reviewed-by: Josh Triplett <josh@joshtriplett.org>
2010-08-04Documentation: update broken web addresses.Justin P. Mattock1-1/+1
Below you will find an updated version from the original series bunching all patches into one big patch updating broken web addresses that are located in Documentation/* Some of the addresses date as far far back as 1995 etc... so searching became a bit difficult, the best way to deal with these is to use web.archive.org to locate these addresses that are outdated. Now there are also some addresses pointing to .spec files some are located, but some(after searching on the companies site)where still no where to be found. In this case I just changed the address to the company site this way the users can contact the company and they can locate them for the users. Signed-off-by: Justin P. Mattock <justinmattock@gmail.com> Signed-off-by: Thomas Weber <weber@corscience.de> Signed-off-by: Mike Frysinger <vapier.adi@gmail.com> Cc: Paulo Marques <pmarques@grupopie.com> Cc: Randy Dunlap <rdunlap@xenotime.net> Cc: Michael Neuling <mikey@neuling.org> Signed-off-by: Jiri Kosina <jkosina@suse.cz>
2010-05-18Merge branch 'sched-core-for-linus' of ↵Linus Torvalds1-10/+0
git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/tip/linux-2.6-tip * 'sched-core-for-linus' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/tip/linux-2.6-tip: (49 commits) stop_machine: Move local variable closer to the usage site in cpu_stop_cpu_callback() sched, wait: Use wrapper functions sched: Remove a stale comment ondemand: Make the iowait-is-busy time a sysfs tunable ondemand: Solve a big performance issue by counting IOWAIT time as busy sched: Intoduce get_cpu_iowait_time_us() sched: Eliminate the ts->idle_lastupdate field sched: Fold updating of the last_update_time_info into update_ts_time_stats() sched: Update the idle statistics in get_cpu_idle_time_us() sched: Introduce a function to update the idle statistics sched: Add a comment to get_cpu_idle_time_us() cpu_stop: add dummy implementation for UP sched: Remove rq argument to the tracepoints rcu: need barrier() in UP synchronize_sched_expedited() sched: correctly place paranioa memory barriers in synchronize_sched_expedited() sched: kill paranoia check in synchronize_sched_expedited() sched: replace migration_thread with cpu_stop stop_machine: reimplement using cpu_stop cpu_stop: implement stop_cpu[s]() sched: Fix select_idle_sibling() logic in select_task_rq_fair() ...
2010-05-10rcu: improve the RCU CPU-stall warning documentationPaul E. McKenney1-23/+71
The existing Documentation/RCU/stallwarn.txt has proven unhelpful, so rework it a bit. In particular, show how to interpret the stall-warning messages. Signed-off-by: Paul E. McKenney <paulmck@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
2010-05-10rcu: reduce the number of spurious RCU_SOFTIRQ invocationsPaul E. McKenney1-16/+19
Lai Jiangshan noted that up to 10% of the RCU_SOFTIRQ are spurious, and traced this down to the fact that the current grace-period machinery will uselessly raise RCU_SOFTIRQ when a given CPU needs to go through a quiescent state, but has not yet done so. In this situation, there might well be nothing that RCU_SOFTIRQ can do, and the overhead can be worth worrying about in the ksoftirqd case. This patch therefore avoids raising RCU_SOFTIRQ in this situation. Changes since v1 (http://lkml.org/lkml/2010/3/30/122 from Lai Jiangshan): o Omit the rcu_qs_pending() prechecks, as they aren't that much less expensive than the quiescent-state checks. o Merge with the set_need_resched() patch that reduces IPIs. o Add the new n_rp_report_qs field to the rcu_pending tracing output. o Update the tracing documentation accordingly. Signed-off-by: Lai Jiangshan <laijs@cn.fujitsu.com> Signed-off-by: Paul E. McKenney <paulmck@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
2010-05-08Merge branch 'cpu_stop' of ↵Ingo Molnar1-10/+0
git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/tj/misc into sched/core
2010-05-06sched: replace migration_thread with cpu_stopTejun Heo1-10/+0
Currently migration_thread is serving three purposes - migration pusher, context to execute active_load_balance() and forced context switcher for expedited RCU synchronize_sched. All three roles are hardcoded into migration_thread() and determining which job is scheduled is slightly messy. This patch kills migration_thread and replaces all three uses with cpu_stop. The three different roles of migration_thread() are splitted into three separate cpu_stop callbacks - migration_cpu_stop(), active_load_balance_cpu_stop() and synchronize_sched_expedited_cpu_stop() - and each use case now simply asks cpu_stop to execute the callback as necessary. synchronize_sched_expedited() was implemented with private preallocated resources and custom multi-cpu queueing and waiting logic, both of which are provided by cpu_stop. synchronize_sched_expedited_count is made atomic and all other shared resources along with the mutex are dropped. synchronize_sched_expedited() also implemented a check to detect cases where not all the callback got executed on their assigned cpus and fall back to synchronize_sched(). If called with cpu hotplug blocked, cpu_stop already guarantees that and the condition cannot happen; otherwise, stop_machine() would break. However, this patch preserves the paranoid check using a cpumask to record on which cpus the stopper ran so that it can serve as a bisection point if something actually goes wrong theree. Because the internal execution state is no longer visible, rcu_expedited_torture_stats() is removed. This patch also renames cpu_stop threads to from "stopper/%d" to "migration/%d". The names of these threads ultimately don't matter and there's no reason to make unnecessary userland visible changes. With this patch applied, stop_machine() and sched now share the same resources. stop_machine() is faster without wasting any resources and sched migration users are much cleaner. Signed-off-by: Tejun Heo <tj@kernel.org> Acked-by: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org> Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu> Cc: Dipankar Sarma <dipankar@in.ibm.com> Cc: Josh Triplett <josh@freedesktop.org> Cc: Paul E. McKenney <paulmck@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Cc: Oleg Nesterov <oleg@redhat.com> Cc: Dimitri Sivanich <sivanich@sgi.com>
2010-04-14rcu: Update docs for rcu_access_pointer and rcu_dereference_protectedPaul E. McKenney4-22/+58
Update examples and lists of APIs to include these new primitives. Signed-off-by: Paul E. McKenney <paulmck@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Cc: laijs@cn.fujitsu.com Cc: dipankar@in.ibm.com Cc: mathieu.desnoyers@polymtl.ca Cc: josh@joshtriplett.org Cc: dvhltc@us.ibm.com Cc: niv@us.ibm.com Cc: peterz@infradead.org Cc: rostedt@goodmis.org Cc: Valdis.Kletnieks@vt.edu Cc: dhowells@redhat.com Cc: eric.dumazet@gmail.com LKML-Reference: <1270852752-25278-3-git-send-email-paulmck@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
2010-02-25rcu: Use canonical URL for Mathieu's dissertationPaul E. McKenney1-1/+1
The version numbers change too quickly, so use a canonical URL that represents the most recent version. Signed-off-by: Paul E. McKenney <paulmck@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Cc: laijs@cn.fujitsu.com Cc: dipankar@in.ibm.com Cc: mathieu.desnoyers@polymtl.ca Cc: josh@joshtriplett.org Cc: dvhltc@us.ibm.com Cc: niv@us.ibm.com Cc: peterz@infradead.org Cc: rostedt@goodmis.org Cc: Valdis.Kletnieks@vt.edu Cc: dhowells@redhat.com LKML-Reference: <1266887105-1528-16-git-send-email-paulmck@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
2010-02-25rcu: Fix citation of Mathieu's dissertationPaul E. McKenney1-1/+4
Signed-off-by: Paul E. McKenney <paulmck@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Cc: laijs@cn.fujitsu.com Cc: dipankar@in.ibm.com Cc: mathieu.desnoyers@polymtl.ca Cc: josh@joshtriplett.org Cc: dvhltc@us.ibm.com Cc: niv@us.ibm.com Cc: peterz@infradead.org Cc: rostedt@goodmis.org Cc: Valdis.Kletnieks@vt.edu Cc: dhowells@redhat.com LKML-Reference: <1266887105-1528-14-git-send-email-paulmck@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
2010-02-25rcu: Documentation update for CONFIG_PROVE_RCUPaul E. McKenney4-19/+97
Adds a lockdep.txt file and updates checklist.txt and whatisRCU.txt to reflect the new lockdep-enabled capabilities of RCU. Signed-off-by: Paul E. McKenney <paulmck@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Cc: laijs@cn.fujitsu.com Cc: dipankar@in.ibm.com Cc: mathieu.desnoyers@polymtl.ca Cc: josh@joshtriplett.org Cc: dvhltc@us.ibm.com Cc: niv@us.ibm.com Cc: peterz@infradead.org Cc: rostedt@goodmis.org Cc: Valdis.Kletnieks@vt.edu Cc: dhowells@redhat.com LKML-Reference: <1266887105-1528-13-git-send-email-paulmck@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
2010-01-16rcu: 1Q2010 update for RCU documentationPaul E. McKenney7-133/+254
Add expedited functions. Review documentation and update obsolete verbiage. Also fix the advice for the RCU CPU-stall kernel configuration parameter, and document RCU CPU-stall warnings. Signed-off-by: Paul E. McKenney <paulmck@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Cc: laijs@cn.fujitsu.com Cc: dipankar@in.ibm.com Cc: mathieu.desnoyers@polymtl.ca Cc: josh@joshtriplett.org Cc: dvhltc@us.ibm.com Cc: niv@us.ibm.com Cc: peterz@infradead.org Cc: rostedt@goodmis.org Cc: Valdis.Kletnieks@vt.edu Cc: dhowells@redhat.com LKML-Reference: <12635142581866-git-send-email-> Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
2009-10-26rcu: Add synchronize_srcu_expedited() to the documentationPaul E. McKenney1-1/+1
Signed-off-by: Paul E. McKenney <paulmck@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Acked-by: Josh Triplett <josh@joshtriplett.org> Reviewed-by: Lai Jiangshan <laijs@cn.fujitsu.com> Cc: dipankar@in.ibm.com Cc: mathieu.desnoyers@polymtl.ca Cc: dvhltc@us.ibm.com Cc: niv@us.ibm.com Cc: peterz@infradead.org Cc: rostedt@goodmis.org Cc: Valdis.Kletnieks@vt.edu Cc: dhowells@redhat.com Cc: avi@redhat.com Cc: mtosatti@redhat.com LKML-Reference: <12565226354176-git-send-email-> Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>

Privacy Policy