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2015-02-23Merge branch 'for-linus-2' of ↵Linus Torvalds1-2/+2
git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/viro/vfs Pull more vfs updates from Al Viro: "Assorted stuff from this cycle. The big ones here are multilayer overlayfs from Miklos and beginning of sorting ->d_inode accesses out from David" * 'for-linus-2' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/viro/vfs: (51 commits) autofs4 copy_dev_ioctl(): keep the value of ->size we'd used for allocation procfs: fix race between symlink removals and traversals debugfs: leave freeing a symlink body until inode eviction Documentation/filesystems/Locking: ->get_sb() is long gone trylock_super(): replacement for grab_super_passive() fanotify: Fix up scripted S_ISDIR/S_ISREG/S_ISLNK conversions Cachefiles: Fix up scripted S_ISDIR/S_ISREG/S_ISLNK conversions VFS: (Scripted) Convert S_ISLNK/DIR/REG(dentry->d_inode) to d_is_*(dentry) SELinux: Use d_is_positive() rather than testing dentry->d_inode Smack: Use d_is_positive() rather than testing dentry->d_inode TOMOYO: Use d_is_dir() rather than d_inode and S_ISDIR() Apparmor: Use d_is_positive/negative() rather than testing dentry->d_inode Apparmor: mediated_filesystem() should use dentry->d_sb not inode->i_sb VFS: Split DCACHE_FILE_TYPE into regular and special types VFS: Add a fallthrough flag for marking virtual dentries VFS: Add a whiteout dentry type VFS: Introduce inode-getting helpers for layered/unioned fs environments Infiniband: Fix potential NULL d_inode dereference posix_acl: fix reference leaks in posix_acl_create autofs4: Wrong format for printing dentry ...
2015-02-22VFS: (Scripted) Convert S_ISLNK/DIR/REG(dentry->d_inode) to d_is_*(dentry)David Howells1-2/+2
Convert the following where appropriate: (1) S_ISLNK(dentry->d_inode) to d_is_symlink(dentry). (2) S_ISREG(dentry->d_inode) to d_is_reg(dentry). (3) S_ISDIR(dentry->d_inode) to d_is_dir(dentry). This is actually more complicated than it appears as some calls should be converted to d_can_lookup() instead. The difference is whether the directory in question is a real dir with a ->lookup op or whether it's a fake dir with a ->d_automount op. In some circumstances, we can subsume checks for dentry->d_inode not being NULL into this, provided we the code isn't in a filesystem that expects d_inode to be NULL if the dirent really *is* negative (ie. if we're going to use d_inode() rather than d_backing_inode() to get the inode pointer). Note that the dentry type field may be set to something other than DCACHE_MISS_TYPE when d_inode is NULL in the case of unionmount, where the VFS manages the fall-through from a negative dentry to a lower layer. In such a case, the dentry type of the negative union dentry is set to the same as the type of the lower dentry. However, if you know d_inode is not NULL at the call site, then you can use the d_is_xxx() functions even in a filesystem. There is one further complication: a 0,0 chardev dentry may be labelled DCACHE_WHITEOUT_TYPE rather than DCACHE_SPECIAL_TYPE. Strictly, this was intended for special directory entry types that don't have attached inodes. The following perl+coccinelle script was used: use strict; my @callers; open($fd, 'git grep -l \'S_IS[A-Z].*->d_inode\' |') || die "Can't grep for S_ISDIR and co. callers"; @callers = <$fd>; close($fd); unless (@callers) { print "No matches\n"; exit(0); } my @cocci = ( '@@', 'expression E;', '@@', '', '- S_ISLNK(E->d_inode->i_mode)', '+ d_is_symlink(E)', '', '@@', 'expression E;', '@@', '', '- S_ISDIR(E->d_inode->i_mode)', '+ d_is_dir(E)', '', '@@', 'expression E;', '@@', '', '- S_ISREG(E->d_inode->i_mode)', '+ d_is_reg(E)' ); my $coccifile = "tmp.sp.cocci"; open($fd, ">$coccifile") || die $coccifile; print($fd "$_\n") || die $coccifile foreach (@cocci); close($fd); foreach my $file (@callers) { chomp $file; print "Processing ", $file, "\n"; system("spatch", "--sp-file", $coccifile, $file, "--in-place", "--no-show-diff") == 0 || die "spatch failed"; } [AV: overlayfs parts skipped] Signed-off-by: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>
2015-02-19Merge branch 'kconfig' of ↵Linus Torvalds1-11/+11
git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/mmarek/kbuild Pull kconfig updates from Michal Marek: "Yann E Morin was supposed to take over kconfig maintainership, but this hasn't happened. So I'm sending a few kconfig patches that I collected: - Fix for missing va_end in kconfig - merge_config.sh displays used if given too few arguments - s/boolean/bool/ in Kconfig files for consistency, with the plan to only support bool in the future" * 'kconfig' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/mmarek/kbuild: kconfig: use va_end to match corresponding va_start merge_config.sh: Display usage if given too few arguments kconfig: use bool instead of boolean for type definition attributes
2015-02-18Merge branch 'lazytime' of ↵Linus Torvalds1-2/+8
git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/viro/vfs Pull lazytime mount option support from Al Viro: "Lazytime stuff from tytso" * 'lazytime' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/viro/vfs: ext4: add optimization for the lazytime mount option vfs: add find_inode_nowait() function vfs: add support for a lazytime mount option
2015-02-17Merge branch 'iov_iter' of ↵Linus Torvalds2-9/+17
git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/viro/vfs Pull iov_iter updates from Al Viro: "More iov_iter work - missing counterpart of iov_iter_init() for bvec-backed ones and vfs_read_iter()/vfs_write_iter() - wrappers for sync calls of ->read_iter()/->write_iter()" * 'iov_iter' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/viro/vfs: fs: add vfs_iter_{read,write} helpers new helper: iov_iter_bvec()
2015-02-17vfs: remove get_xip_memMatthew Wilcox4-28/+5
All callers of get_xip_mem() are now gone. Remove checks for it, initialisers of it, documentation of it and the only implementation of it. Also remove mm/filemap_xip.c as it is now empty. Also remove documentation of the long-gone get_xip_page(). Signed-off-by: Matthew Wilcox <matthew.r.wilcox@intel.com> Cc: Andreas Dilger <andreas.dilger@intel.com> Cc: Boaz Harrosh <boaz@plexistor.com> Cc: Christoph Hellwig <hch@lst.de> Cc: Dave Chinner <david@fromorbit.com> Cc: Jan Kara <jack@suse.cz> Cc: Jens Axboe <axboe@kernel.dk> Cc: Kirill A. Shutemov <kirill.shutemov@linux.intel.com> Cc: Mathieu Desnoyers <mathieu.desnoyers@efficios.com> Cc: Randy Dunlap <rdunlap@infradead.org> Cc: Ross Zwisler <ross.zwisler@linux.intel.com> Cc: Theodore Ts'o <tytso@mit.edu> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2015-02-17dax,ext2: replace xip_truncate_page with dax_truncate_pageMatthew Wilcox1-40/+0
It takes a get_block parameter just like nobh_truncate_page() and block_truncate_page() Signed-off-by: Matthew Wilcox <matthew.r.wilcox@intel.com> Reviewed-by: Mathieu Desnoyers <mathieu.desnoyers@efficios.com> Cc: Andreas Dilger <andreas.dilger@intel.com> Cc: Boaz Harrosh <boaz@plexistor.com> Cc: Christoph Hellwig <hch@lst.de> Cc: Dave Chinner <david@fromorbit.com> Cc: Jan Kara <jack@suse.cz> Cc: Jens Axboe <axboe@kernel.dk> Cc: Kirill A. Shutemov <kirill.shutemov@linux.intel.com> Cc: Randy Dunlap <rdunlap@infradead.org> Cc: Ross Zwisler <ross.zwisler@linux.intel.com> Cc: Theodore Ts'o <tytso@mit.edu> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2015-02-17dax,ext2: replace the XIP page fault handler with the DAX page fault handlerMatthew Wilcox1-206/+0
Instead of calling aops->get_xip_mem from the fault handler, the filesystem passes a get_block_t that is used to find the appropriate blocks. This requires that all architectures implement copy_user_page(). At the time of writing, mips and arm do not. Patches exist and are in progress. [akpm@linux-foundation.org: remap_file_pages went away] Signed-off-by: Matthew Wilcox <matthew.r.wilcox@intel.com> Reviewed-by: Jan Kara <jack@suse.cz> Cc: Andreas Dilger <andreas.dilger@intel.com> Cc: Boaz Harrosh <boaz@plexistor.com> Cc: Christoph Hellwig <hch@lst.de> Cc: Dave Chinner <david@fromorbit.com> Cc: Jens Axboe <axboe@kernel.dk> Cc: Kirill A. Shutemov <kirill.shutemov@linux.intel.com> Cc: Mathieu Desnoyers <mathieu.desnoyers@efficios.com> Cc: Randy Dunlap <rdunlap@infradead.org> Cc: Ross Zwisler <ross.zwisler@linux.intel.com> Cc: Theodore Ts'o <tytso@mit.edu> Cc: Russell King <rmk@arm.linux.org.uk> Cc: Ralf Baechle <ralf@linux-mips.org> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2015-02-17dax,ext2: replace XIP read and write with DAX I/OMatthew Wilcox2-238/+2
Use the generic AIO infrastructure instead of custom read and write methods. In addition to giving us support for AIO, this adds the missing locking between read() and truncate(). Signed-off-by: Matthew Wilcox <matthew.r.wilcox@intel.com> Reviewed-by: Ross Zwisler <ross.zwisler@linux.intel.com> Reviewed-by: Jan Kara <jack@suse.cz> Cc: Andreas Dilger <andreas.dilger@intel.com> Cc: Boaz Harrosh <boaz@plexistor.com> Cc: Christoph Hellwig <hch@lst.de> Cc: Dave Chinner <david@fromorbit.com> Cc: Jens Axboe <axboe@kernel.dk> Cc: Kirill A. Shutemov <kirill.shutemov@linux.intel.com> Cc: Mathieu Desnoyers <mathieu.desnoyers@efficios.com> Cc: Randy Dunlap <rdunlap@infradead.org> Cc: Theodore Ts'o <tytso@mit.edu> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2015-02-17vfs,ext2: introduce IS_DAX(inode)Matthew Wilcox1-7/+12
Use an inode flag to tag inodes which should avoid using the page cache. Convert ext2 to use it instead of mapping_is_xip(). Prevent I/Os to files tagged with the DAX flag from falling back to buffered I/O. Signed-off-by: Matthew Wilcox <matthew.r.wilcox@intel.com> Reviewed-by: Jan Kara <jack@suse.cz> Reviewed-by: Mathieu Desnoyers <mathieu.desnoyers@efficios.com> Cc: Andreas Dilger <andreas.dilger@intel.com> Cc: Boaz Harrosh <boaz@plexistor.com> Cc: Christoph Hellwig <hch@lst.de> Cc: Dave Chinner <david@fromorbit.com> Cc: Jens Axboe <axboe@kernel.dk> Cc: Kirill A. Shutemov <kirill.shutemov@linux.intel.com> Cc: Randy Dunlap <rdunlap@infradead.org> Cc: Ross Zwisler <ross.zwisler@linux.intel.com> Cc: Theodore Ts'o <tytso@mit.edu> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2015-02-17mm: allow page fault handlers to perform the COWMatthew Wilcox1-9/+32
Currently COW of an XIP file is done by first bringing in a read-only mapping, then retrying the fault and copying the page. It is much more efficient to tell the fault handler that a COW is being attempted (by passing in the pre-allocated page in the vm_fault structure), and allow the handler to perform the COW operation itself. The handler cannot insert the page itself if there is already a read-only mapping at that address, so allow the handler to return VM_FAULT_LOCKED and set the fault_page to be NULL. This indicates to the MM code that the i_mmap_lock is held instead of the page lock. Signed-off-by: Matthew Wilcox <matthew.r.wilcox@intel.com> Acked-by: Kirill A. Shutemov <kirill.shutemov@linux.intel.com> Cc: Andreas Dilger <andreas.dilger@intel.com> Cc: Boaz Harrosh <boaz@plexistor.com> Cc: Christoph Hellwig <hch@lst.de> Cc: Dave Chinner <david@fromorbit.com> Cc: Jan Kara <jack@suse.cz> Cc: Jens Axboe <axboe@kernel.dk> Cc: Mathieu Desnoyers <mathieu.desnoyers@efficios.com> Cc: Randy Dunlap <rdunlap@infradead.org> Cc: Ross Zwisler <ross.zwisler@linux.intel.com> Cc: Theodore Ts'o <tytso@mit.edu> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2015-02-17mm: fix XIP fault vs truncate raceMatthew Wilcox2-2/+29
DAX is a replacement for the variation of XIP currently supported by the ext2 filesystem. We have three different things in the tree called 'XIP', and the new focus is on access to data rather than executables, so a name change was in order. DAX stands for Direct Access. The X is for eXciting. The new focus on data access has resulted in more careful attention to races that exist in the current XIP code, but are not hit by the use-case that it was designed for. XIP's architecture worked fine for ext2, but DAX is architected to work with modern filsystems such as ext4 and XFS. DAX is not intended for use with btrfs; the value that btrfs adds relies on manipulating data and writing data to different locations, while DAX's value is for write-in-place and keeping the kernel from touching the data. DAX was developed in order to support NV-DIMMs, but it's become clear that its usefuless extends beyond NV-DIMMs and there are several potential customers including the tracing machinery. Other people want to place the kernel log in an area of memory, as long as they have a BIOS that does not clear DRAM on reboot. Patch 1 is a bug fix, probably worth including in 3.18. Patches 2 & 3 are infrastructure for DAX. Patches 4-8 replace the XIP code with its DAX equivalents, transforming ext2 to use the DAX code as we go. Note that patch 10 is the Documentation patch. Patches 9-15 clean up after the XIP code, removing the infrastructure that is no longer needed and renaming various XIP things to DAX. Most of these patches were added after Jan found things he didn't like in an earlier version of the ext4 patch ... that had been copied from ext2. So ext2 i being transformed to do things the same way that ext4 will later. The ability to mount ext2 filesystems with the 'xip' option is retained, although the 'dax' option is now preferred. Patch 16 adds some DAX infrastructure to support ext4. Patch 17 adds DAX support to ext4. It is broadly similar to ext2's DAX support, but it is more efficient than ext4's due to its support for unwritten extents. Patch 18 is another cleanup patch renaming XIP to DAX. My thanks to Mathieu Desnoyers for his reviews of the v11 patchset. Most of the changes below were based on his feedback. This patch (of 18): Pagecache faults recheck i_size after taking the page lock to ensure that the fault didn't race against a truncate. We don't have a page to lock in the XIP case, so use i_mmap_lock_read() instead. It is locked in the truncate path in unmap_mapping_range() after updating i_size. So while we hold it in the fault path, we are guaranteed that either i_size has already been updated in the truncate path, or that the truncate will subsequently call zap_page_range_single() and so remove the mapping we have just inserted. There is a window of time in which i_size has been reduced and the thread has a mapping to a page which will be removed from the file, but this is harmless as the page will not be allocated to a different purpose before the thread's access to it is revoked. [akpm@linux-foundation.org: switch to i_mmap_lock_read(), add comment in unmap_single_vma()] Signed-off-by: Matthew Wilcox <matthew.r.wilcox@intel.com> Reviewed-by: Jan Kara <jack@suse.cz> Acked-by: Kirill A. Shutemov <kirill.shutemov@linux.intel.com> Reviewed-by: Mathieu Desnoyers <mathieu.desnoyers@efficios.com> Cc: Andreas Dilger <andreas.dilger@intel.com> Cc: Boaz Harrosh <boaz@plexistor.com> Cc: Christoph Hellwig <hch@lst.de> Cc: Dave Chinner <david@fromorbit.com> Cc: Jens Axboe <axboe@kernel.dk> Cc: Randy Dunlap <rdunlap@infradead.org> Cc: Ross Zwisler <ross.zwisler@linux.intel.com> Cc: Theodore Ts'o <tytso@mit.edu> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2015-02-14Merge tag 'for-linus' of ↵Linus Torvalds1-1/+1
git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/borntraeger/linux Pull ACCESS_ONCE() rule tightening from Christian Borntraeger: "Tighten rules for ACCESS_ONCE This series tightens the rules for ACCESS_ONCE to only work on scalar types. It also contains the necessary fixups as indicated by build bots of linux-next. Now everything is in place to prevent new non-scalar users of ACCESS_ONCE and we can continue to convert code to READ_ONCE/WRITE_ONCE" * tag 'for-linus' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/borntraeger/linux: kernel: Fix sparse warning for ACCESS_ONCE next: sh: Fix compile error kernel: tighten rules for ACCESS ONCE mm/gup: Replace ACCESS_ONCE with READ_ONCE x86/spinlock: Leftover conversion ACCESS_ONCE->READ_ONCE x86/xen/p2m: Replace ACCESS_ONCE with READ_ONCE ppc/hugetlbfs: Replace ACCESS_ONCE with READ_ONCE ppc/kvm: Replace ACCESS_ONCE with READ_ONCE
2015-02-14kasan: enable instrumentation of global variablesAndrey Ryabinin3-0/+99
This feature let us to detect accesses out of bounds of global variables. This will work as for globals in kernel image, so for globals in modules. Currently this won't work for symbols in user-specified sections (e.g. __init, __read_mostly, ...) The idea of this is simple. Compiler increases each global variable by redzone size and add constructors invoking __asan_register_globals() function. Information about global variable (address, size, size with redzone ...) passed to __asan_register_globals() so we could poison variable's redzone. This patch also forces module_alloc() to return 8*PAGE_SIZE aligned address making shadow memory handling ( kasan_module_alloc()/kasan_module_free() ) more simple. Such alignment guarantees that each shadow page backing modules address space correspond to only one module_alloc() allocation. Signed-off-by: Andrey Ryabinin <a.ryabinin@samsung.com> Cc: Dmitry Vyukov <dvyukov@google.com> Cc: Konstantin Serebryany <kcc@google.com> Cc: Dmitry Chernenkov <dmitryc@google.com> Signed-off-by: Andrey Konovalov <adech.fo@gmail.com> Cc: Yuri Gribov <tetra2005@gmail.com> Cc: Konstantin Khlebnikov <koct9i@gmail.com> Cc: Sasha Levin <sasha.levin@oracle.com> Cc: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux.com> Cc: Joonsoo Kim <iamjoonsoo.kim@lge.com> Cc: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@intel.com> Cc: Andi Kleen <andi@firstfloor.org> Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu> Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de> Cc: "H. Peter Anvin" <hpa@zytor.com> Cc: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux.com> Cc: Pekka Enberg <penberg@kernel.org> Cc: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2015-02-14mm: vmalloc: pass additional vm_flags to __vmalloc_node_range()Andrey Ryabinin1-4/+6
For instrumenting global variables KASan will shadow memory backing memory for modules. So on module loading we will need to allocate memory for shadow and map it at address in shadow that corresponds to the address allocated in module_alloc(). __vmalloc_node_range() could be used for this purpose, except it puts a guard hole after allocated area. Guard hole in shadow memory should be a problem because at some future point we might need to have a shadow memory at address occupied by guard hole. So we could fail to allocate shadow for module_alloc(). Now we have VM_NO_GUARD flag disabling guard page, so we need to pass into __vmalloc_node_range(). Add new parameter 'vm_flags' to __vmalloc_node_range() function. Signed-off-by: Andrey Ryabinin <a.ryabinin@samsung.com> Cc: Dmitry Vyukov <dvyukov@google.com> Cc: Konstantin Serebryany <kcc@google.com> Cc: Dmitry Chernenkov <dmitryc@google.com> Signed-off-by: Andrey Konovalov <adech.fo@gmail.com> Cc: Yuri Gribov <tetra2005@gmail.com> Cc: Konstantin Khlebnikov <koct9i@gmail.com> Cc: Sasha Levin <sasha.levin@oracle.com> Cc: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux.com> Cc: Joonsoo Kim <iamjoonsoo.kim@lge.com> Cc: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@intel.com> Cc: Andi Kleen <andi@firstfloor.org> Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu> Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de> Cc: "H. Peter Anvin" <hpa@zytor.com> Cc: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux.com> Cc: Pekka Enberg <penberg@kernel.org> Cc: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2015-02-14mm: vmalloc: add flag preventing guard hole allocationAndrey Ryabinin1-4/+2
For instrumenting global variables KASan will shadow memory backing memory for modules. So on module loading we will need to allocate memory for shadow and map it at address in shadow that corresponds to the address allocated in module_alloc(). __vmalloc_node_range() could be used for this purpose, except it puts a guard hole after allocated area. Guard hole in shadow memory should be a problem because at some future point we might need to have a shadow memory at address occupied by guard hole. So we could fail to allocate shadow for module_alloc(). Add a new vm_struct flag 'VM_NO_GUARD' indicating that vm area doesn't have a guard hole. Signed-off-by: Andrey Ryabinin <a.ryabinin@samsung.com> Cc: Dmitry Vyukov <dvyukov@google.com> Cc: Konstantin Serebryany <kcc@google.com> Cc: Dmitry Chernenkov <dmitryc@google.com> Signed-off-by: Andrey Konovalov <adech.fo@gmail.com> Cc: Yuri Gribov <tetra2005@gmail.com> Cc: Konstantin Khlebnikov <koct9i@gmail.com> Cc: Sasha Levin <sasha.levin@oracle.com> Cc: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux.com> Cc: Joonsoo Kim <iamjoonsoo.kim@lge.com> Cc: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@intel.com> Cc: Andi Kleen <andi@firstfloor.org> Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu> Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de> Cc: "H. Peter Anvin" <hpa@zytor.com> Cc: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux.com> Cc: Pekka Enberg <penberg@kernel.org> Cc: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2015-02-14kasan: enable stack instrumentationAndrey Ryabinin2-0/+15
Stack instrumentation allows to detect out of bounds memory accesses for variables allocated on stack. Compiler adds redzones around every variable on stack and poisons redzones in function's prologue. Such approach significantly increases stack usage, so all in-kernel stacks size were doubled. Signed-off-by: Andrey Ryabinin <a.ryabinin@samsung.com> Cc: Dmitry Vyukov <dvyukov@google.com> Cc: Konstantin Serebryany <kcc@google.com> Cc: Dmitry Chernenkov <dmitryc@google.com> Signed-off-by: Andrey Konovalov <adech.fo@gmail.com> Cc: Yuri Gribov <tetra2005@gmail.com> Cc: Konstantin Khlebnikov <koct9i@gmail.com> Cc: Sasha Levin <sasha.levin@oracle.com> Cc: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux.com> Cc: Joonsoo Kim <iamjoonsoo.kim@lge.com> Cc: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@intel.com> Cc: Andi Kleen <andi@firstfloor.org> Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu> Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de> Cc: "H. Peter Anvin" <hpa@zytor.com> Cc: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux.com> Cc: Pekka Enberg <penberg@kernel.org> Cc: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2015-02-14x86_64: kasan: add interceptors for memset/memmove/memcpy functionsAndrey Ryabinin1-0/+29
Recently instrumentation of builtin functions calls was removed from GCC 5.0. To check the memory accessed by such functions, userspace asan always uses interceptors for them. So now we should do this as well. This patch declares memset/memmove/memcpy as weak symbols. In mm/kasan/kasan.c we have our own implementation of those functions which checks memory before accessing it. Default memset/memmove/memcpy now now always have aliases with '__' prefix. For files that built without kasan instrumentation (e.g. mm/slub.c) original mem* replaced (via #define) with prefixed variants, cause we don't want to check memory accesses there. Signed-off-by: Andrey Ryabinin <a.ryabinin@samsung.com> Cc: Dmitry Vyukov <dvyukov@google.com> Cc: Konstantin Serebryany <kcc@google.com> Cc: Dmitry Chernenkov <dmitryc@google.com> Signed-off-by: Andrey Konovalov <adech.fo@gmail.com> Cc: Yuri Gribov <tetra2005@gmail.com> Cc: Konstantin Khlebnikov <koct9i@gmail.com> Cc: Sasha Levin <sasha.levin@oracle.com> Cc: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux.com> Cc: Joonsoo Kim <iamjoonsoo.kim@lge.com> Cc: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@intel.com> Cc: Andi Kleen <andi@firstfloor.org> Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu> Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de> Cc: "H. Peter Anvin" <hpa@zytor.com> Cc: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux.com> Cc: Pekka Enberg <penberg@kernel.org> Cc: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2015-02-14kmemleak: disable kasan instrumentation for kmemleakAndrey Ryabinin1-0/+6
kmalloc internally round up allocation size, and kmemleak uses rounded up size as object's size. This makes kasan to complain while kmemleak scans memory or calculates of object's checksum. The simplest solution here is to disable kasan. Signed-off-by: Andrey Ryabinin <a.ryabinin@samsung.com> Acked-by: Catalin Marinas <catalin.marinas@arm.com> Cc: Dmitry Vyukov <dvyukov@google.com> Cc: Konstantin Serebryany <kcc@google.com> Cc: Dmitry Chernenkov <dmitryc@google.com> Signed-off-by: Andrey Konovalov <adech.fo@gmail.com> Cc: Yuri Gribov <tetra2005@gmail.com> Cc: Konstantin Khlebnikov <koct9i@gmail.com> Cc: Sasha Levin <sasha.levin@oracle.com> Cc: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux.com> Cc: Joonsoo Kim <iamjoonsoo.kim@lge.com> Cc: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@intel.com> Cc: Andi Kleen <andi@firstfloor.org> Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu> Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de> Cc: "H. Peter Anvin" <hpa@zytor.com> Cc: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux.com> Cc: Pekka Enberg <penberg@kernel.org> Cc: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2015-02-14mm: slub: add kernel address sanitizer support for slub allocatorAndrey Ryabinin6-3/+160
With this patch kasan will be able to catch bugs in memory allocated by slub. Initially all objects in newly allocated slab page, marked as redzone. Later, when allocation of slub object happens, requested by caller number of bytes marked as accessible, and the rest of the object (including slub's metadata) marked as redzone (inaccessible). We also mark object as accessible if ksize was called for this object. There is some places in kernel where ksize function is called to inquire size of really allocated area. Such callers could validly access whole allocated memory, so it should be marked as accessible. Code in slub.c and slab_common.c files could validly access to object's metadata, so instrumentation for this files are disabled. Signed-off-by: Andrey Ryabinin <a.ryabinin@samsung.com> Signed-off-by: Dmitry Chernenkov <dmitryc@google.com> Cc: Dmitry Vyukov <dvyukov@google.com> Cc: Konstantin Serebryany <kcc@google.com> Signed-off-by: Andrey Konovalov <adech.fo@gmail.com> Cc: Yuri Gribov <tetra2005@gmail.com> Cc: Konstantin Khlebnikov <koct9i@gmail.com> Cc: Sasha Levin <sasha.levin@oracle.com> Cc: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux.com> Cc: Joonsoo Kim <iamjoonsoo.kim@lge.com> Cc: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@intel.com> Cc: Andi Kleen <andi@firstfloor.org> Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu> Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de> Cc: "H. Peter Anvin" <hpa@zytor.com> Cc: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux.com> Cc: Pekka Enberg <penberg@kernel.org> Cc: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2015-02-14mm: slub: introduce metadata_access_enable()/metadata_access_disable()Andrey Ryabinin1-0/+25
It's ok for slub to access memory that marked by kasan as inaccessible (object's metadata). Kasan shouldn't print report in that case because these accesses are valid. Disabling instrumentation of slub.c code is not enough to achieve this because slub passes pointer to object's metadata into external functions like memchr_inv(). We don't want to disable instrumentation for memchr_inv() because this is quite generic function, and we don't want to miss bugs. metadata_access_enable/metadata_access_disable used to tell KASan where accesses to metadata starts/end, so we could temporarily disable KASan reports. Signed-off-by: Andrey Ryabinin <a.ryabinin@samsung.com> Cc: Dmitry Vyukov <dvyukov@google.com> Cc: Konstantin Serebryany <kcc@google.com> Cc: Dmitry Chernenkov <dmitryc@google.com> Signed-off-by: Andrey Konovalov <adech.fo@gmail.com> Cc: Yuri Gribov <tetra2005@gmail.com> Cc: Konstantin Khlebnikov <koct9i@gmail.com> Cc: Sasha Levin <sasha.levin@oracle.com> Cc: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux.com> Cc: Joonsoo Kim <iamjoonsoo.kim@lge.com> Cc: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@intel.com> Cc: Andi Kleen <andi@firstfloor.org> Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu> Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de> Cc: "H. Peter Anvin" <hpa@zytor.com> Cc: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux.com> Cc: Pekka Enberg <penberg@kernel.org> Cc: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2015-02-14mm: slub: share object_err functionAndrey Ryabinin1-1/+1
Remove static and add function declarations to linux/slub_def.h so it could be used by kernel address sanitizer. Signed-off-by: Andrey Ryabinin <a.ryabinin@samsung.com> Cc: Dmitry Vyukov <dvyukov@google.com> Cc: Konstantin Serebryany <kcc@google.com> Cc: Dmitry Chernenkov <dmitryc@google.com> Signed-off-by: Andrey Konovalov <adech.fo@gmail.com> Cc: Yuri Gribov <tetra2005@gmail.com> Cc: Konstantin Khlebnikov <koct9i@gmail.com> Cc: Sasha Levin <sasha.levin@oracle.com> Cc: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux.com> Cc: Joonsoo Kim <iamjoonsoo.kim@lge.com> Cc: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@intel.com> Cc: Andi Kleen <andi@firstfloor.org> Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu> Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de> Cc: "H. Peter Anvin" <hpa@zytor.com> Cc: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux.com> Cc: Pekka Enberg <penberg@kernel.org> Cc: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2015-02-14mm: page_alloc: add kasan hooks on alloc and free pathsAndrey Ryabinin5-0/+32
Add kernel address sanitizer hooks to mark allocated page's addresses as accessible in corresponding shadow region. Mark freed pages as inaccessible. Signed-off-by: Andrey Ryabinin <a.ryabinin@samsung.com> Cc: Dmitry Vyukov <dvyukov@google.com> Cc: Konstantin Serebryany <kcc@google.com> Cc: Dmitry Chernenkov <dmitryc@google.com> Signed-off-by: Andrey Konovalov <adech.fo@gmail.com> Cc: Yuri Gribov <tetra2005@gmail.com> Cc: Konstantin Khlebnikov <koct9i@gmail.com> Cc: Sasha Levin <sasha.levin@oracle.com> Cc: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux.com> Cc: Joonsoo Kim <iamjoonsoo.kim@lge.com> Cc: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@intel.com> Cc: Andi Kleen <andi@firstfloor.org> Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu> Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de> Cc: "H. Peter Anvin" <hpa@zytor.com> Cc: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux.com> Cc: Pekka Enberg <penberg@kernel.org> Cc: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2015-02-14kasan: disable memory hotplugAndrey Ryabinin1-0/+21
Currently memory hotplug won't work with KASan. As we don't have shadow for hotplugged memory, kernel will crash on the first access to it. To make this work we will need to allocate shadow for new memory. At some future point proper memory hotplug support will be implemented. Until then, print a warning at startup and disable memory hot-add. Signed-off-by: Andrey Ryabinin <a.ryabinin@samsung.com> Cc: Dmitry Vyukov <dvyukov@google.com> Cc: Konstantin Serebryany <kcc@google.com> Cc: Dmitry Chernenkov <dmitryc@google.com> Signed-off-by: Andrey Konovalov <adech.fo@gmail.com> Cc: Yuri Gribov <tetra2005@gmail.com> Cc: Konstantin Khlebnikov <koct9i@gmail.com> Cc: Sasha Levin <sasha.levin@oracle.com> Cc: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux.com> Cc: Joonsoo Kim <iamjoonsoo.kim@lge.com> Cc: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@intel.com> Cc: Andi Kleen <andi@firstfloor.org> Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu> Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de> Cc: "H. Peter Anvin" <hpa@zytor.com> Cc: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux.com> Cc: Pekka Enberg <penberg@kernel.org> Cc: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2015-02-14kasan: add kernel address sanitizer infrastructureAndrey Ryabinin5-0/+554
Kernel Address sanitizer (KASan) is a dynamic memory error detector. It provides fast and comprehensive solution for finding use-after-free and out-of-bounds bugs. KASAN uses compile-time instrumentation for checking every memory access, therefore GCC > v4.9.2 required. v4.9.2 almost works, but has issues with putting symbol aliases into the wrong section, which breaks kasan instrumentation of globals. This patch only adds infrastructure for kernel address sanitizer. It's not available for use yet. The idea and some code was borrowed from [1]. Basic idea: The main idea of KASAN is to use shadow memory to record whether each byte of memory is safe to access or not, and use compiler's instrumentation to check the shadow memory on each memory access. Address sanitizer uses 1/8 of the memory addressable in kernel for shadow memory and uses direct mapping with a scale and offset to translate a memory address to its corresponding shadow address. Here is function to translate address to corresponding shadow address: unsigned long kasan_mem_to_shadow(unsigned long addr) { return (addr >> KASAN_SHADOW_SCALE_SHIFT) + KASAN_SHADOW_OFFSET; } where KASAN_SHADOW_SCALE_SHIFT = 3. So for every 8 bytes there is one corresponding byte of shadow memory. The following encoding used for each shadow byte: 0 means that all 8 bytes of the corresponding memory region are valid for access; k (1 <= k <= 7) means that the first k bytes are valid for access, and other (8 - k) bytes are not; Any negative value indicates that the entire 8-bytes are inaccessible. Different negative values used to distinguish between different kinds of inaccessible memory (redzones, freed memory) (see mm/kasan/kasan.h). To be able to detect accesses to bad memory we need a special compiler. Such compiler inserts a specific function calls (__asan_load*(addr), __asan_store*(addr)) before each memory access of size 1, 2, 4, 8 or 16. These functions check whether memory region is valid to access or not by checking corresponding shadow memory. If access is not valid an error printed. Historical background of the address sanitizer from Dmitry Vyukov: "We've developed the set of tools, AddressSanitizer (Asan), ThreadSanitizer and MemorySanitizer, for user space. We actively use them for testing inside of Google (continuous testing, fuzzing, running prod services). To date the tools have found more than 10'000 scary bugs in Chromium, Google internal codebase and various open-source projects (Firefox, OpenSSL, gcc, clang, ffmpeg, MySQL and lots of others): [2] [3] [4]. The tools are part of both gcc and clang compilers. We have not yet done massive testing under the Kernel AddressSanitizer (it's kind of chicken and egg problem, you need it to be upstream to start applying it extensively). To date it has found about 50 bugs. Bugs that we've found in upstream kernel are listed in [5]. We've also found ~20 bugs in out internal version of the kernel. Also people from Samsung and Oracle have found some. [...] As others noted, the main feature of AddressSanitizer is its performance due to inline compiler instrumentation and simple linear shadow memory. User-space Asan has ~2x slowdown on computational programs and ~2x memory consumption increase. Taking into account that kernel usually consumes only small fraction of CPU and memory when running real user-space programs, I would expect that kernel Asan will have ~10-30% slowdown and similar memory consumption increase (when we finish all tuning). I agree that Asan can well replace kmemcheck. We have plans to start working on Kernel MemorySanitizer that finds uses of unitialized memory. Asan+Msan will provide feature-parity with kmemcheck. As others noted, Asan will unlikely replace debug slab and pagealloc that can be enabled at runtime. Asan uses compiler instrumentation, so even if it is disabled, it still incurs visible overheads. Asan technology is easily portable to other architectures. Compiler instrumentation is fully portable. Runtime has some arch-dependent parts like shadow mapping and atomic operation interception. They are relatively easy to port." Comparison with other debugging features: ======================================== KMEMCHECK: - KASan can do almost everything that kmemcheck can. KASan uses compile-time instrumentation, which makes it significantly faster than kmemcheck. The only advantage of kmemcheck over KASan is detection of uninitialized memory reads. Some brief performance testing showed that kasan could be x500-x600 times faster than kmemcheck: $ netperf -l 30 MIGRATED TCP STREAM TEST from 0.0.0.0 (0.0.0.0) port 0 AF_INET to localhost (127.0.0.1) port 0 AF_INET Recv Send Send Socket Socket Message Elapsed Size Size Size Time Throughput bytes bytes bytes secs. 10^6bits/sec no debug: 87380 16384 16384 30.00 41624.72 kasan inline: 87380 16384 16384 30.00 12870.54 kasan outline: 87380 16384 16384 30.00 10586.39 kmemcheck: 87380 16384 16384 30.03 20.23 - Also kmemcheck couldn't work on several CPUs. It always sets number of CPUs to 1. KASan doesn't have such limitation. DEBUG_PAGEALLOC: - KASan is slower than DEBUG_PAGEALLOC, but KASan works on sub-page granularity level, so it able to find more bugs. SLUB_DEBUG (poisoning, redzones): - SLUB_DEBUG has lower overhead than KASan. - SLUB_DEBUG in most cases are not able to detect bad reads, KASan able to detect both reads and writes. - In some cases (e.g. redzone overwritten) SLUB_DEBUG detect bugs only on allocation/freeing of object. KASan catch bugs right before it will happen, so we always know exact place of first bad read/write. [1] https://code.google.com/p/address-sanitizer/wiki/AddressSanitizerForKernel [2] https://code.google.com/p/address-sanitizer/wiki/FoundBugs [3] https://code.google.com/p/thread-sanitizer/wiki/FoundBugs [4] https://code.google.com/p/memory-sanitizer/wiki/FoundBugs [5] https://code.google.com/p/address-sanitizer/wiki/AddressSanitizerForKernel#Trophies Based on work by Andrey Konovalov. Signed-off-by: Andrey Ryabinin <a.ryabinin@samsung.com> Acked-by: Michal Marek <mmarek@suse.cz> Signed-off-by: Andrey Konovalov <adech.fo@gmail.com> Cc: Dmitry Vyukov <dvyukov@google.com> Cc: Konstantin Serebryany <kcc@google.com> Cc: Dmitry Chernenkov <dmitryc@google.com> Cc: Yuri Gribov <tetra2005@gmail.com> Cc: Konstantin Khlebnikov <koct9i@gmail.com> Cc: Sasha Levin <sasha.levin@oracle.com> Cc: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux.com> Cc: Joonsoo Kim <iamjoonsoo.kim@lge.com> Cc: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@intel.com> Cc: Andi Kleen <andi@firstfloor.org> Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu> Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de> Cc: "H. Peter Anvin" <hpa@zytor.com> Cc: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux.com> Cc: Pekka Enberg <penberg@kernel.org> Cc: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com> Cc: Stephen Rothwell <sfr@canb.auug.org.au> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2015-02-14mm: use %*pb[l] to print bitmaps including cpumasks and nodemasksTejun Heo1-4/+3
printk and friends can now format bitmaps using '%*pb[l]'. cpumask and nodemask also provide cpumask_pr_args() and nodemask_pr_args() respectively which can be used to generate the two printf arguments necessary to format the specified cpu/nodemask. Signed-off-by: Tejun Heo <tj@kernel.org> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2015-02-14slub: use %*pb[l] to print bitmaps including cpumasks and nodemasksTejun Heo1-12/+8
printk and friends can now format bitmaps using '%*pb[l]'. cpumask and nodemask also provide cpumask_pr_args() and nodemask_pr_args() respectively which can be used to generate the two printf arguments necessary to format the specified cpu/nodemask. * This is an equivalent conversion but the whole function should be converted to use scnprinf famiily of functions rather than performing custom output length predictions in multiple places. Signed-off-by: Tejun Heo <tj@kernel.org> Acked-by: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux.com> Cc: Pekka Enberg <penberg@kernel.org> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2015-02-14percpu: use %*pb[l] to print bitmaps including cpumasks and nodemasksTejun Heo1-4/+2
printk and friends can now format bitmaps using '%*pb[l]'. cpumask and nodemask also provide cpumask_pr_args() and nodemask_pr_args() respectively which can be used to generate the two printf arguments necessary to format the specified cpu/nodemask. Signed-off-by: Tejun Heo <tj@kernel.org> Cc: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2015-02-14mm/slab: convert cache name allocations to kstrdup_constAndrzej Hajda1-6/+6
slab frequently performs duplication of strings located in read-only memory section. Replacing kstrdup by kstrdup_const allows to avoid such operations. [akpm@linux-foundation.org: make the handling of kmem_cache.name const-correct] Signed-off-by: Andrzej Hajda <a.hajda@samsung.com> Cc: Marek Szyprowski <m.szyprowski@samsung.com> Cc: Kyungmin Park <kyungmin.park@samsung.com> Cc: Mike Turquette <mturquette@linaro.org> Cc: Alexander Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk> Cc: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux.com> Cc: Pekka Enberg <penberg@kernel.org> Cc: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com> Cc: Joonsoo Kim <iamjoonsoo.kim@lge.com> Cc: Tejun Heo <tj@kernel.org> Cc: Greg KH <greg@kroah.com> Cc: Geert Uytterhoeven <geert@linux-m68k.org> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2015-02-14mm/util: add kstrdup_constAndrzej Hajda1-0/+38
kstrdup() is often used to duplicate strings where neither source neither destination will be ever modified. In such case we can just reuse the source instead of duplicating it. The problem is that we must be sure that the source is non-modifiable and its life-time is long enough. I suspect the good candidates for such strings are strings located in kernel .rodata section, they cannot be modifed because the section is read-only and their life-time is equal to kernel life-time. This small patchset proposes alternative version of kstrdup - kstrdup_const, which returns source string if it is located in .rodata otherwise it fallbacks to kstrdup. To verify if the source is in .rodata function checks if the address is between sentinels __start_rodata, __end_rodata. I guess it should work with all architectures. The main patch is accompanied by four patches constifying kstrdup for cases where situtation described above happens frequently. I have tested the patchset on mobile platform (exynos4210-trats) and it saves 3272 string allocations. Since minimal allocation is 32 or 64 bytes depending on Kconfig options the patchset saves respectively about 100KB or 200KB of memory. Stats from tested platform show that the main offender is sysfs: By caller: 2260 __kernfs_new_node 631 clk_register+0xc8/0x1b8 318 clk_register+0x34/0x1b8 51 kmem_cache_create 12 alloc_vfsmnt By string (with count >= 5): 883 power 876 subsystem 135 parameters 132 device 61 iommu_group ... This patch (of 5): Add an alternative version of kstrdup which returns pointer to constant char array. The function checks if input string is in persistent and read-only memory section, if yes it returns the input string, otherwise it fallbacks to kstrdup. kstrdup_const is accompanied by kfree_const performing conditional memory deallocation of the string. Signed-off-by: Andrzej Hajda <a.hajda@samsung.com> Cc: Marek Szyprowski <m.szyprowski@samsung.com> Cc: Kyungmin Park <kyungmin.park@samsung.com> Cc: Mike Turquette <mturquette@linaro.org> Cc: Alexander Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk> Cc: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux.com> Cc: Pekka Enberg <penberg@kernel.org> Cc: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com> Cc: Joonsoo Kim <iamjoonsoo.kim@lge.com> Cc: Tejun Heo <tj@kernel.org> Cc: Greg KH <greg@kroah.com> Cc: Geert Uytterhoeven <geert@linux-m68k.org> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2015-02-13Merge branch 'akpm' (patches from Andrew)Linus Torvalds26-400/+1217
Merge third set of updates from Andrew Morton: - the rest of MM [ This includes getting rid of the numa hinting bits, in favor of just generic protnone logic. Yay. - Linus ] - core kernel - procfs - some of lib/ (lots of lib/ material this time) * emailed patches from Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>: (104 commits) lib/lcm.c: replace include lib/percpu_ida.c: remove redundant includes lib/strncpy_from_user.c: replace module.h include lib/stmp_device.c: replace module.h include lib/sort.c: move include inside #if 0 lib/show_mem.c: remove redundant include lib/radix-tree.c: change to simpler include lib/plist.c: remove redundant include lib/nlattr.c: remove redundant include lib/kobject_uevent.c: remove redundant include lib/llist.c: remove redundant include lib/md5.c: simplify include lib/list_sort.c: rearrange includes lib/genalloc.c: remove redundant include lib/idr.c: remove redundant include lib/halfmd4.c: simplify includes lib/dynamic_queue_limits.c: simplify includes lib/sort.c: use simpler includes lib/interval_tree.c: simplify includes hexdump: make it return number of bytes placed in buffer ...
2015-02-13mm/zsmalloc: add statistics supportGanesh Mahendran2-4/+239
Keeping fragmentation of zsmalloc in a low level is our target. But now we still need to add the debug code in zsmalloc to get the quantitative data. This patch adds a new configuration CONFIG_ZSMALLOC_STAT to enable the statistics collection for developers. Currently only the objects statatitics in each class are collected. User can get the information via debugfs. cat /sys/kernel/debug/zsmalloc/zram0/... For example: After I copied "jdk-8u25-linux-x64.tar.gz" to zram with ext4 filesystem: class size obj_allocated obj_used pages_used 0 32 0 0 0 1 48 256 12 3 2 64 64 14 1 3 80 51 7 1 4 96 128 5 3 5 112 73 5 2 6 128 32 4 1 7 144 0 0 0 8 160 0 0 0 9 176 0 0 0 10 192 0 0 0 11 208 0 0 0 12 224 0 0 0 13 240 0 0 0 14 256 16 1 1 15 272 15 9 1 16 288 0 0 0 17 304 0 0 0 18 320 0 0 0 19 336 0 0 0 20 352 0 0 0 21 368 0 0 0 22 384 0 0 0 23 400 0 0 0 24 416 0 0 0 25 432 0 0 0 26 448 0 0 0 27 464 0 0 0 28 480 0 0 0 29 496 33 1 4 30 512 0 0 0 31 528 0 0 0 32 544 0 0 0 33 560 0 0 0 34 576 0 0 0 35 592 0 0 0 36 608 0 0 0 37 624 0 0 0 38 640 0 0 0 40 672 0 0 0 42 704 0 0 0 43 720 17 1 3 44 736 0 0 0 46 768 0 0 0 49 816 0 0 0 51 848 0 0 0 52 864 14 1 3 54 896 0 0 0 57 944 13 1 3 58 960 0 0 0 62 1024 4 1 1 66 1088 15 2 4 67 1104 0 0 0 71 1168 0 0 0 74 1216 0 0 0 76 1248 0 0 0 83 1360 3 1 1 91 1488 11 1 4 94 1536 0 0 0 100 1632 5 1 2 107 1744 0 0 0 111 1808 9 1 4 126 2048 4 4 2 144 2336 7 3 4 151 2448 0 0 0 168 2720 15 15 10 190 3072 28 27 21 202 3264 0 0 0 254 4096 36209 36209 36209 Total 37022 36326 36288 We can calculate the overall fragentation by the last line: Total 37022 36326 36288 (37022 - 36326) / 37022 = 1.87% Also by analysing objects alocated in every class we know why we got so low fragmentation: Most of the allocated objects is in <class 254>. And there is only 1 page in class 254 zspage. So, No fragmentation will be introduced by allocating objs in class 254. And in future, we can collect other zsmalloc statistics as we need and analyse them. Signed-off-by: Ganesh Mahendran <opensource.ganesh@gmail.com> Suggested-by: Minchan Kim <minchan@kernel.org> Acked-by: Minchan Kim <minchan@kernel.org> Cc: Nitin Gupta <ngupta@vflare.org> Cc: Seth Jennings <sjennings@variantweb.net> Cc: Dan Streetman <ddstreet@ieee.org> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2015-02-13mm/zpool: add name argument to create zpoolGanesh Mahendran4-8/+12
Currently the underlay of zpool: zsmalloc/zbud, do not know who creates them. There is not a method to let zsmalloc/zbud find which caller they belong to. Now we want to add statistics collection in zsmalloc. We need to name the debugfs dir for each pool created. The way suggested by Minchan Kim is to use a name passed by caller(such as zram) to create the zsmalloc pool. /sys/kernel/debug/zsmalloc/zram0 This patch adds an argument `name' to zs_create_pool() and other related functions. Signed-off-by: Ganesh Mahendran <opensource.ganesh@gmail.com> Acked-by: Minchan Kim <minchan@kernel.org> Cc: Seth Jennings <sjennings@variantweb.net> Cc: Nitin Gupta <ngupta@vflare.org> Cc: Dan Streetman <ddstreet@ieee.org> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2015-02-13mm: fix negative nr_isolated countsHugh Dickins1-1/+3
The vmstat interfaces are good at hiding negative counts (at least when CONFIG_SMP); but if you peer behind the curtain, you find that nr_isolated_anon and nr_isolated_file soon go negative, and grow ever more negative: so they can absorb larger and larger numbers of isolated pages, yet still appear to be zero. I'm happy to avoid a congestion_wait() when too_many_isolated() myself; but I guess it's there for a good reason, in which case we ought to get too_many_isolated() working again. The imbalance comes from isolate_migratepages()'s ISOLATE_ABORT case: putback_movable_pages() decrements the NR_ISOLATED counts, but we forgot to call acct_isolated() to increment them. It is possible that the bug whcih this patch fixes could cause OOM kills when the system still has a lot of reclaimable page cache. Fixes: edc2ca612496 ("mm, compaction: move pageblock checks up from isolate_migratepages_range()") Signed-off-by: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com> Acked-by: Vlastimil Babka <vbabka@suse.cz> Acked-by: Joonsoo Kim <iamjoonsoo.kim@lge.com> Cc: <stable@vger.kernel.org> [3.18+] Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2015-02-13mm: hwpoison: drop lru_add_drain_all() in __soft_offline_page()Naoya Horiguchi1-2/+0
A race condition starts to be visible in recent mmotm, where a PG_hwpoison flag is set on a migration source page *before* it's back in buddy page poo= l. This is problematic because no page flag is supposed to be set when freeing (see __free_one_page().) So the user-visible effect of this race is that it could trigger the BUG_ON() when soft-offlining is called. The root cause is that we call lru_add_drain_all() to make sure that the page is in buddy, but that doesn't work because this function just schedule= s a work item and doesn't wait its completion. drain_all_pages() does drainin= g directly, so simply dropping lru_add_drain_all() solves this problem. Fixes: f15bdfa802bf ("mm/memory-failure.c: fix memory leak in successful soft offlining") Signed-off-by: Naoya Horiguchi <n-horiguchi@ah.jp.nec.com> Cc: Andi Kleen <andi@firstfloor.org> Cc: Tony Luck <tony.luck@intel.com> Cc: Chen Gong <gong.chen@linux.intel.com> Cc: <stable@vger.kernel.org> [3.11+] Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2015-02-13mm/page_alloc: fix commentYaowei Bai1-1/+1
Add a necessary 'leave'. Signed-off-by: Yaowei Bai <bywxiaobai@163.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2015-02-13mm/memory.c: actually remap enough memoryGrazvydas Ignotas1-1/+1
For whatever reason, generic_access_phys() only remaps one page, but actually allows to access arbitrary size. It's quite easy to trigger large reads, like printing out large structure with gdb, which leads to a crash. Fix it by remapping correct size. Fixes: 28b2ee20c7cb ("access_process_vm device memory infrastructure") Signed-off-by: Grazvydas Ignotas <notasas@gmail.com> Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com> Cc: <stable@vger.kernel.org> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2015-02-13mm/mm_init.c: mark mminit_loglevel __meminitdataRasmus Villemoes1-1/+1
mminit_loglevel is only referenced from __init and __meminit functions, so we can mark it __meminitdata. Signed-off-by: Rasmus Villemoes <linux@rasmusvillemoes.dk> Cc: Vlastimil Babka <vbabka@suse.cz> Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com> Cc: Joonsoo Kim <iamjoonsoo.kim@lge.com> Cc: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com> Cc: Vishnu Pratap Singh <vishnu.ps@samsung.com> Cc: Pintu Kumar <pintu.k@samsung.com> Cc: Michal Nazarewicz <mina86@mina86.com> Cc: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de> Cc: Paul Gortmaker <paul.gortmaker@windriver.com> Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org> Cc: Tim Chen <tim.c.chen@linux.intel.com> Cc: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com> Cc: Li Zefan <lizefan@huawei.com> Cc: Tejun Heo <tj@kernel.org> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2015-02-13mm/mm_init.c: park mminit_verify_zonelist as __initRasmus Villemoes1-1/+1
The only caller of mminit_verify_zonelist is build_all_zonelists_init, which is annotated with __init, so it should be safe to also mark the former as __init, saving ~400 bytes of .text. Signed-off-by: Rasmus Villemoes <linux@rasmusvillemoes.dk> Cc: Vlastimil Babka <vbabka@suse.cz> Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com> Cc: Joonsoo Kim <iamjoonsoo.kim@lge.com> Cc: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com> Cc: Vishnu Pratap Singh <vishnu.ps@samsung.com> Cc: Pintu Kumar <pintu.k@samsung.com> Cc: Michal Nazarewicz <mina86@mina86.com> Cc: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de> Cc: Paul Gortmaker <paul.gortmaker@windriver.com> Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org> Cc: Tim Chen <tim.c.chen@linux.intel.com> Cc: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com> Cc: Li Zefan <lizefan@huawei.com> Cc: Tejun Heo <tj@kernel.org> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2015-02-13mm/page_alloc.c: pull out init code from build_all_zonelistsRasmus Villemoes1-3/+14
Pulling the code protected by if (system_state == SYSTEM_BOOTING) into its own helper allows us to shrink .text a little. This relies on build_all_zonelists already having a __ref annotation. Add a comment explaining why so one doesn't have to track it down through git log. The real saving comes in 3/5, ("mm/mm_init.c: Mark mminit_verify_zonelist as __init"), where we save about 400 bytes Signed-off-by: Rasmus Villemoes <linux@rasmusvillemoes.dk> Cc: Vlastimil Babka <vbabka@suse.cz> Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com> Cc: Joonsoo Kim <iamjoonsoo.kim@lge.com> Cc: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com> Cc: Vishnu Pratap Singh <vishnu.ps@samsung.com> Cc: Pintu Kumar <pintu.k@samsung.com> Cc: Michal Nazarewicz <mina86@mina86.com> Cc: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de> Cc: Paul Gortmaker <paul.gortmaker@windriver.com> Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org> Cc: Tim Chen <tim.c.chen@linux.intel.com> Cc: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com> Cc: Li Zefan <lizefan@huawei.com> Cc: Tejun Heo <tj@kernel.org> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2015-02-13mm/internal.h: don't split printk call in twoRasmus Villemoes1-2/+4
All users of mminit_dprintk pass a compile-time constant as level, so this just makes gcc emit a single printk call instead of two. Signed-off-by: Rasmus Villemoes <linux@rasmusvillemoes.dk> Cc: Vlastimil Babka <vbabka@suse.cz> Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com> Cc: Joonsoo Kim <iamjoonsoo.kim@lge.com> Cc: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com> Cc: Vishnu Pratap Singh <vishnu.ps@samsung.com> Cc: Pintu Kumar <pintu.k@samsung.com> Cc: Michal Nazarewicz <mina86@mina86.com> Cc: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de> Cc: Paul Gortmaker <paul.gortmaker@windriver.com> Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org> Cc: Tim Chen <tim.c.chen@linux.intel.com> Cc: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com> Cc: Li Zefan <lizefan@huawei.com> Cc: Tejun Heo <tj@kernel.org> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2015-02-13memcg: cleanup static keys decrementVladimir Davydov1-33/+5
Move memcg_socket_limit_enabled decrement to tcp_destroy_cgroup (called from memcg_destroy_kmem -> mem_cgroup_sockets_destroy) and zap a bunch of wrapper functions. Although this patch moves static keys decrement from __mem_cgroup_free to mem_cgroup_css_free, it does not introduce any functional changes, because the keys are incremented on setting the limit (tcp or kmem), which can only happen after successful mem_cgroup_css_online. Signed-off-by: Vladimir Davydov <vdavydov@parallels.com> Cc: Glauber Costa <glommer@parallels.com> Cc: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujtisu.com> Cc: Eric W. Biederman <ebiederm@xmission.com> Cc: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net> Cc: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org> Acked-by: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.cz> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2015-02-13mm/compaction: stop the isolation when we isolate enough freepageJoonsoo Kim1-7/+10
Currently, freepage isolation in one pageblock doesn't consider how many freepages we isolate. When I traced flow of compaction, compaction sometimes isolates more than 256 freepages to migrate just 32 pages. In this patch, freepage isolation is stopped at the point that we have more isolated freepage than isolated page for migration. This results in slowing down free page scanner and make compaction success rate higher. stress-highalloc test in mmtests with non movable order 7 allocation shows increase of compaction success rate. Compaction success rate (Compaction success * 100 / Compaction stalls, %) 27.13 : 31.82 pfn where both scanners meets on compaction complete (separate test due to enormous tracepoint buffer) (zone_start=4096, zone_end=1048576) 586034 : 654378 In fact, I didn't fully understand why this patch results in such good result. There was a guess that not used freepages are released to pcp list and on next compaction trial we won't isolate them again so compaction success rate would decrease. To prevent this effect, I tested with adding pcp drain code on release_freepages(), but, it has no good effect. Anyway, this patch reduces waste time to isolate unneeded freepages so seems reasonable. Vlastimil said: : I briefly tried it on top of the pivot-changing series and with order-9 : allocations it reduced free page scanned counter by almost 10%. No effect : on success rates (maybe because pivot changing already took care of the : scanners meeting problem) but the scanning reduction is good on its own. : : It also explains why e14c720efdd7 ("mm, compaction: remember position : within pageblock in free pages scanner") had less than expected : improvements. It would only actually stop within pageblock in case of : async compaction detecting contention. I guess that's also why the : infinite loop problem fixed by 1d5bfe1ffb5b affected so relatively few : people. Signed-off-by: Joonsoo Kim <iamjoonsoo.kim@lge.com> Acked-by: Vlastimil Babka <vbabka@suse.cz> Tested-by: Vlastimil Babka <vbabka@suse.cz> Reviewed-by: Zhang Yanfei <zhangyanfei@cn.fujitsu.com> Cc: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de> Cc: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com> Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2015-02-13mm/compaction: fix wrong order check in compact_finished()Joonsoo Kim1-1/+1
What we want to check here is whether there is highorder freepage in buddy list of other migratetype in order to steal it without fragmentation. But, current code just checks cc->order which means allocation request order. So, this is wrong. Without this fix, non-movable synchronous compaction below pageblock order would not stopped until compaction is complete, because migratetype of most pageblocks are movable and high order freepage made by compaction is usually on movable type buddy list. There is some report related to this bug. See below link. http://www.spinics.net/lists/linux-mm/msg81666.html Although the issued system still has load spike comes from compaction, this makes that system completely stable and responsive according to his report. stress-highalloc test in mmtests with non movable order 7 allocation doesn't show any notable difference in allocation success rate, but, it shows more compaction success rate. Compaction success rate (Compaction success * 100 / Compaction stalls, %) 18.47 : 28.94 Fixes: 1fb3f8ca0e92 ("mm: compaction: capture a suitable high-order page immediately when it is made available") Signed-off-by: Joonsoo Kim <iamjoonsoo.kim@lge.com> Acked-by: Vlastimil Babka <vbabka@suse.cz> Reviewed-by: Zhang Yanfei <zhangyanfei@cn.fujitsu.com> Cc: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de> Cc: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com> Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com> Cc: <stable@vger.kernel.org> [3.7+] Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2015-02-13slub: make dead caches discard free slabs immediatelyVladimir Davydov5-11/+43
To speed up further allocations SLUB may store empty slabs in per cpu/node partial lists instead of freeing them immediately. This prevents per memcg caches destruction, because kmem caches created for a memory cgroup are only destroyed after the last page charged to the cgroup is freed. To fix this issue, this patch resurrects approach first proposed in [1]. It forbids SLUB to cache empty slabs after the memory cgroup that the cache belongs to was destroyed. It is achieved by setting kmem_cache's cpu_partial and min_partial constants to 0 and tuning put_cpu_partial() so that it would drop frozen empty slabs immediately if cpu_partial = 0. The runtime overhead is minimal. From all the hot functions, we only touch relatively cold put_cpu_partial(): we make it call unfreeze_partials() after freezing a slab that belongs to an offline memory cgroup. Since slab freezing exists to avoid moving slabs from/to a partial list on free/alloc, and there can't be allocations from dead caches, it shouldn't cause any overhead. We do have to disable preemption for put_cpu_partial() to achieve that though. The original patch was accepted well and even merged to the mm tree. However, I decided to withdraw it due to changes happening to the memcg core at that time. I had an idea of introducing per-memcg shrinkers for kmem caches, but now, as memcg has finally settled down, I do not see it as an option, because SLUB shrinker would be too costly to call since SLUB does not keep free slabs on a separate list. Besides, we currently do not even call per-memcg shrinkers for offline memcgs. Overall, it would introduce much more complexity to both SLUB and memcg than this small patch. Regarding to SLAB, there's no problem with it, because it shrinks per-cpu/node caches periodically. Thanks to list_lru reparenting, we no longer keep entries for offline cgroups in per-memcg arrays (such as memcg_cache_params->memcg_caches), so we do not have to bother if a per-memcg cache will be shrunk a bit later than it could be. [1] http://thread.gmane.org/gmane.linux.kernel.mm/118649/focus=118650 Signed-off-by: Vladimir Davydov <vdavydov@parallels.com> Cc: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux.com> Cc: Pekka Enberg <penberg@kernel.org> Cc: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com> Cc: Joonsoo Kim <iamjoonsoo.kim@lge.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2015-02-13slub: fix kmem_cache_shrink return valueVladimir Davydov1-1/+5
It is supposed to return 0 if the cache has no remaining objects and 1 otherwise, while currently it always returns 0. Fix it. Signed-off-by: Vladimir Davydov <vdavydov@parallels.com> Acked-by: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux.com> Cc: Pekka Enberg <penberg@kernel.org> Cc: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com> Cc: Joonsoo Kim <iamjoonsoo.kim@lge.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2015-02-13slub: never fail to shrink cacheVladimir Davydov1-27/+31
SLUB's version of __kmem_cache_shrink() not only removes empty slabs, but also tries to rearrange the partial lists to place slabs filled up most to the head to cope with fragmentation. To achieve that, it allocates a temporary array of lists used to sort slabs by the number of objects in use. If the allocation fails, the whole procedure is aborted. This is unacceptable for the kernel memory accounting extension of the memory cgroup, where we want to make sure that kmem_cache_shrink() successfully discarded empty slabs. Although the allocation failure is utterly unlikely with the current page allocator implementation, which retries GFP_KERNEL allocations of order <= 2 infinitely, it is better not to rely on that. This patch therefore makes __kmem_cache_shrink() allocate the array on stack instead of calling kmalloc, which may fail. The array size is chosen to be equal to 32, because most SLUB caches store not more than 32 objects per slab page. Slab pages with <= 32 free objects are sorted using the array by the number of objects in use and promoted to the head of the partial list, while slab pages with > 32 free objects are left in the end of the list without any ordering imposed on them. Signed-off-by: Vladimir Davydov <vdavydov@parallels.com> Acked-by: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux.com> Acked-by: Pekka Enberg <penberg@kernel.org> Cc: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com> Cc: Joonsoo Kim <iamjoonsoo.kim@lge.com> Cc: Huang Ying <ying.huang@intel.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2015-02-13memcg: reparent list_lrus and free kmemcg_id on css offlineVladimir Davydov2-8/+77
Now, the only reason to keep kmemcg_id till css free is list_lru, which uses it to distribute elements between per-memcg lists. However, it can be easily sorted out - we only need to change kmemcg_id of an offline cgroup to its parent's id, making further list_lru_add()'s add elements to the parent's list, and then move all elements from the offline cgroup's list to the one of its parent. It will work, because a racing list_lru_del() does not need to know the list it is deleting the element from. It can decrement the wrong nr_items counter though, but the ongoing reparenting will fix it. After list_lru reparenting is done we are free to release kmemcg_id saving a valuable slot in a per-memcg array for new cgroups. Signed-off-by: Vladimir Davydov <vdavydov@parallels.com> Cc: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org> Cc: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.cz> Cc: Tejun Heo <tj@kernel.org> Cc: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux.com> Cc: Pekka Enberg <penberg@kernel.org> Cc: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com> Cc: Joonsoo Kim <iamjoonsoo.kim@lge.com> Cc: Dave Chinner <david@fromorbit.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2015-02-13list_lru: add helpers to isolate itemsVladimir Davydov2-4/+18
Currently, the isolate callback passed to the list_lru_walk family of functions is supposed to just delete an item from the list upon returning LRU_REMOVED or LRU_REMOVED_RETRY, while nr_items counter is fixed by __list_lru_walk_one after the callback returns. Since the callback is allowed to drop the lock after removing an item (it has to return LRU_REMOVED_RETRY then), the nr_items can be less than the actual number of elements on the list even if we check them under the lock. This makes it difficult to move items from one list_lru_one to another, which is required for per-memcg list_lru reparenting - we can't just splice the lists, we have to move entries one by one. This patch therefore introduces helpers that must be used by callback functions to isolate items instead of raw list_del/list_move. These are list_lru_isolate and list_lru_isolate_move. They not only remove the entry from the list, but also fix the nr_items counter, making sure nr_items always reflects the actual number of elements on the list if checked under the appropriate lock. Signed-off-by: Vladimir Davydov <vdavydov@parallels.com> Cc: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org> Cc: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.cz> Cc: Tejun Heo <tj@kernel.org> Cc: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux.com> Cc: Pekka Enberg <penberg@kernel.org> Cc: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com> Cc: Joonsoo Kim <iamjoonsoo.kim@lge.com> Cc: Dave Chinner <david@fromorbit.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2015-02-13memcg: free memcg_caches slot on css offlineVladimir Davydov2-17/+60
We need to look up a kmem_cache in ->memcg_params.memcg_caches arrays only on allocations, so there is no need to have the array entries set until css free - we can clear them on css offline. This will allow us to reuse array entries more efficiently and avoid costly array relocations. Signed-off-by: Vladimir Davydov <vdavydov@parallels.com> Cc: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org> Cc: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.cz> Cc: Tejun Heo <tj@kernel.org> Cc: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux.com> Cc: Pekka Enberg <penberg@kernel.org> Cc: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com> Cc: Joonsoo Kim <iamjoonsoo.kim@lge.com> Cc: Dave Chinner <david@fromorbit.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

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