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Linux ACPI Custom Control Method How To
=======================================

Written by Zhang Rui <rui.zhang@intel.com>


Linux supports customizing ACPI control methods at runtime.

Users can use this to
1. override an existing method which may not work correctly,
   or just for debugging purposes.
2. insert a completely new method in order to create a missing
   method such as _OFF, _ON, _STA, _INI, etc.
For these cases, it is far simpler to dynamically install a single
control method rather than override the entire DSDT, because kernel
rebuild/reboot is not needed and test result can be got in minutes.

Note: Only ACPI METHOD can be overridden, any other object types like
      "Device", "OperationRegion", are not recognized.
Note: The same ACPI control method can be overridden for many times,
      and it's always the latest one that used by Linux/kernel.
Note: To get the ACPI debug object output (Store (AAAA, Debug)),
      please run "echo 1 > /sys/module/acpi/parameters/aml_debug_output".

1. override an existing method
   a) get the ACPI table via ACPI sysfs I/F. e.g. to get the DSDT,
      just run "cat /sys/firmware/acpi/tables/DSDT > /tmp/dsdt.dat"
   b) disassemble the table by running "iasl -d dsdt.dat".
   c) rewrite the ASL code of the method and save it in a new file,
   d) package the new file (psr.asl) to an ACPI table format.
      Here is an example of a customized \_SB._AC._PSR method,

      DefinitionBlock ("", "SSDT", 1, "", "", 0x20080715)
      {
	External (ACON)

	Method (\_SB_.AC._PSR, 0, NotSerialized)
	{
		Store ("In AC _PSR", Debug)
		Return (ACON)
	}
      }
      Note that the full pathname of the method in ACPI namespace
      should be used.
      And remember to use "External" to declare external objects.
   e) assemble the file to generate the AML code of the method.
      e.g. "iasl psr.asl" (psr.aml is generated as a result)
   f) mount debugfs by "mount -t debugfs none /sys/kernel/debug"
   g) override the old method via the debugfs by running
      "cat /tmp/psr.aml > /sys/kernel/debug/acpi/custom_method"

2. insert a new method
   This is easier than overriding an existing method.
   We just need to create the ASL code of the method we want to
   insert and then follow the step c) ~ g) in section 1.

3. undo your changes
   The "undo" operation is not supported for a new inserted method
   right now, i.e. we can not remove a method currently.
   For an overrided method, in order to undo your changes, please
   save a copy of the method original ASL code in step c) section 1,
   and redo step c) ~ g) to override the method with the original one.


Note: We can use a kernel with multiple custom ACPI method running,
      But each individual write to debugfs can implement a SINGLE
      method override. i.e. if we want to insert/override multiple
      ACPI methods, we need to redo step c) ~ g) for multiple times.

Note: Be aware that root can mis-use this driver to modify arbitrary
      memory and gain additional rights, if root's privileges got
      restricted (for example if root is not allowed to load additional
      modules after boot).

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