aboutsummaryrefslogtreecommitdiffstats
path: root/drivers/base/core.c
blob: bc8729d603a74834b34e75d843cbe3b1045cad50 (plain)
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
69
70
71
72
73
74
75
76
77
78
79
80
81
82
83
84
85
86
87
88
89
90
91
92
93
94
95
96
97
98
99
100
101
102
103
104
105
106
107
108
109
110
111
112
113
114
115
116
117
118
119
120
121
122
123
124
125
126
127
128
129
130
131
132
133
134
135
136
137
138
139
140
141
142
143
144
145
146
147
148
149
150
151
152
153
154
155
156
157
158
159
160
161
162
163
164
165
166
167
168
169
170
171
172
173
174
175
176
177
178
179
180
181
182
183
184
185
186
187
188
189
190
191
192
193
194
195
196
197
198
199
200
201
202
203
204
205
206
207
208
209
210
211
212
213
214
215
216
217
218
219
220
221
222
223
224
225
226
227
228
229
230
231
232
233
234
235
236
237
238
239
240
241
242
243
244
245
246
247
248
249
250
251
252
253
254
255
256
257
258
259
260
261
262
263
264
265
266
267
268
269
270
271
272
273
274
275
276
277
278
279
280
281
282
283
284
285
286
287
288
289
290
291
292
293
294
295
296
297
298
299
300
301
302
303
304
305
306
307
308
309
310
311
312
313
314
315
316
317
318
319
320
321
322
323
324
325
326
327
328
329
330
331
332
333
334
335
336
337
338
339
340
341
342
343
344
345
346
347
348
349
350
351
352
353
354
355
356
357
358
359
360
361
362
363
364
365
366
367
368
369
370
371
372
373
374
375
376
377
378
379
380
381
382
383
384
385
386
387
388
389
390
391
392
393
394
395
396
397
398
399
400
401
402
403
404
405
406
407
408
409
410
411
412
413
414
415
416
417
418
419
420
421
422
423
424
425
426
427
428
429
430
431
432
433
434
435
436
437
438
439
440
441
442
443
444
445
446
447
448
449
450
451
452
453
454
455
456
457
458
459
460
461
462
463
464
465
466
467
468
469
470
471
472
473
474
475
476
477
478
479
480
481
482
483
484
485
486
487
488
489
490
491
492
493
494
495
496
497
498
499
500
501
502
503
504
505
506
507
508
509
510
511
512
513
514
515
516
517
518
519
520
521
522
523
524
525
526
527
528
529
530
531
532
533
534
535
536
537
538
539
540
541
542
543
544
545
546
547
548
549
550
551
552
553
554
555
556
557
558
559
560
561
562
563
564
565
566
567
568
569
570
571
572
573
574
575
576
577
578
579
580
581
582
583
584
585
586
587
588
589
590
591
592
593
594
595
596
597
598
599
600
601
602
603
604
605
606
607
608
609
610
611
612
613
614
615
616
617
618
619
620
621
622
623
624
625
626
627
628
629
630
631
632
633
634
635
636
637
638
639
640
641
642
643
644
645
646
647
648
649
650
651
652
653
654
655
656
657
658
659
660
661
662
663
664
665
666
667
668
669
670
671
672
673
674
675
676
677
678
679
680
681
682
683
684
685
686
687
688
689
690
691
692
693
694
695
696
697
698
699
700
701
702
703
704
705
706
707
708
709
710
711
712
713
714
715
716
717
718
719
720
721
722
723
724
725
726
727
728
729
730
731
732
733
734
735
736
737
738
739
740
741
742
743
744
745
746
747
748
749
750
751
752
753
754
755
756
757
758
759
760
761
762
763
764
765
766
767
768
769
770
771
772
773
774
775
776
777
778
779
780
781
782
783
784
785
786
787
788
789
790
791
792
793
794
795
796
797
798
799
800
801
802
803
804
805
806
807
808
809
810
811
812
813
814
815
816
817
818
819
820
821
822
823
824
825
826
827
828
829
830
831
832
833
834
835
836
837
838
839
840
841
842
843
844
845
846
847
848
849
850
851
852
853
854
855
856
857
858
859
860
861
862
863
864
865
866
867
868
869
870
871
872
873
874
875
876
877
878
879
880
881
882
883
884
885
886
887
888
889
890
891
892
893
894
895
896
897
898
899
900
901
902
903
904
905
906
907
908
909
910
911
912
913
914
915
916
917
918
919
920
921
922
923
924
925
926
927
928
929
930
931
932
933
934
935
936
937
938
939
940
941
942
943
944
945
946
947
948
949
950
951
952
953
954
955
956
957
958
959
960
961
962
963
964
965
966
967
968
969
970
971
972
973
974
975
976
977
978
979
980
981
982
983
984
985
986
987
988
989
990
991
992
993
994
995
996
997
998
999
1000
1001
1002
1003
1004
1005
1006
1007
1008
1009
1010
1011
1012
1013
1014
1015
1016
1017
1018
1019
1020
1021
1022
1023
1024
1025
1026
1027
1028
1029
1030
1031
1032
1033
1034
1035
1036
1037
1038
1039
1040
1041
1042
1043
1044
1045
1046
1047
1048
1049
1050
1051
1052
1053
1054
1055
1056
1057
1058
1059
1060
1061
1062
1063
1064
1065
1066
1067
1068
1069
1070
1071
1072
1073
1074
1075
1076
1077
1078
1079
1080
1081
1082
1083
1084
1085
1086
1087
1088
1089
1090
1091
1092
1093
1094
1095
1096
1097
1098
1099
1100
1101
1102
1103
1104
1105
1106
1107
1108
1109
1110
1111
1112
1113
1114
1115
1116
1117
1118
1119
1120
1121
1122
1123
1124
1125
1126
1127
1128
1129
1130
1131
1132
1133
1134
1135
1136
1137
1138
1139
1140
1141
1142
1143
1144
1145
1146
1147
1148
1149
1150
1151
1152
1153
1154
1155
1156
1157
1158
1159
1160
1161
1162
1163
1164
1165
1166
1167
1168
1169
1170
1171
1172
1173
1174
1175
1176
1177
1178
1179
1180
1181
1182
1183
1184
1185
1186
1187
1188
1189
1190
1191
1192
1193
1194
1195
1196
1197
1198
1199
1200
1201
1202
1203
1204
1205
1206
1207
1208
1209
1210
1211
1212
1213
1214
1215
1216
1217
1218
1219
1220
1221
1222
1223
1224
1225
1226
1227
1228
1229
1230
1231
1232
1233
1234
1235
1236
1237
1238
1239
1240
1241
1242
1243
1244
1245
1246
1247
1248
1249
1250
1251
1252
1253
1254
1255
1256
1257
1258
1259
1260
1261
1262
1263
1264
1265
1266
1267
1268
1269
1270
1271
1272
1273
1274
1275
1276
1277
1278
1279
1280
1281
1282
1283
1284
1285
1286
1287
1288
1289
1290
1291
1292
1293
1294
1295
1296
1297
1298
1299
1300
1301
1302
1303
1304
1305
1306
1307
1308
1309
1310
1311
1312
1313
1314
1315
1316
1317
1318
1319
1320
1321
1322
1323
1324
1325
1326
1327
1328
1329
1330
1331
1332
1333
1334
1335
1336
1337
1338
1339
1340
1341
1342
1343
1344
1345
1346
1347
1348
1349
1350
1351
1352
1353
1354
1355
1356
1357
1358
1359
1360
1361
1362
1363
1364
1365
1366
1367
1368
1369
1370
1371
1372
1373
1374
1375
1376
1377
1378
1379
1380
1381
1382
1383
1384
1385
1386
1387
1388
1389
1390
1391
1392
1393
1394
1395
1396
1397
1398
1399
1400
1401
1402
1403
1404
1405
1406
1407
1408
1409
1410
1411
1412
1413
1414
1415
1416
1417
1418
1419
1420
1421
1422
1423
1424
1425
1426
1427
1428
1429
1430
1431
1432
1433
1434
1435
1436
1437
1438
1439
1440
1441
1442
1443
1444
1445
1446
1447
1448
1449
1450
1451
1452
1453
1454
1455
1456
1457
1458
1459
1460
1461
1462
1463
1464
1465
1466
1467
1468
1469
1470
1471
1472
1473
1474
1475
1476
1477
1478
1479
1480
1481
1482
1483
1484
1485
1486
1487
1488
1489
1490
1491
1492
1493
1494
1495
1496
1497
1498
1499
1500
1501
1502
1503
1504
1505
1506
1507
1508
1509
1510
1511
1512
1513
1514
1515
1516
1517
1518
1519
1520
1521
1522
1523
1524
1525
1526
1527
1528
1529
1530
1531
1532
1533
1534
1535
1536
1537
1538
1539
1540
1541
1542
1543
1544
1545
1546
1547
1548
1549
1550
1551
1552
1553
1554
1555
1556
1557
1558
1559
1560
1561
1562
1563
1564
1565
1566
1567
1568
1569
1570
1571
1572
1573
1574
1575
1576
1577
1578
1579
1580
1581
1582
1583
1584
1585
1586
1587
1588
1589
1590
1591
1592
1593
1594
1595
1596
1597
1598
1599
1600
1601
1602
1603
1604
1605
1606
1607
1608
1609
1610
1611
1612
1613
1614
1615
1616
1617
1618
1619
1620
1621
1622
1623
1624
1625
1626
1627
1628
1629
1630
1631
1632
1633
1634
1635
1636
1637
1638
1639
1640
1641
1642
1643
1644
1645
1646
1647
1648
1649
1650
1651
1652
1653
1654
1655
1656
1657
1658
1659
1660
1661
1662
1663
1664
1665
1666
1667
1668
1669
1670
1671
1672
1673
1674
1675
1676
1677
1678
1679
1680
1681
1682
1683
1684
1685
1686
1687
1688
1689
1690
1691
1692
1693
1694
1695
1696
1697
1698
1699
1700
1701
1702
1703
1704
1705
1706
1707
1708
1709
1710
1711
1712
1713
1714
1715
1716
1717
1718
1719
1720
1721
1722
1723
1724
1725
1726
1727
1728
1729
1730
1731
1732
1733
1734
1735
1736
1737
1738
1739
1740
1741
1742
1743
1744
1745
1746
1747
1748
1749
1750
1751
1752
1753
1754
1755
1756
1757
1758
1759
1760
1761
1762
1763
1764
1765
1766
1767
1768
1769
1770
1771
1772
1773
1774
1775
1776
1777
1778
1779
1780
1781
1782
1783
1784
1785
1786
1787
1788
1789
1790
1791
1792
1793
1794
1795
1796
1797
1798
1799
1800
1801
1802
1803
1804
1805
1806
1807
1808
1809
1810
1811
1812
1813
1814
1815
1816
1817
1818
1819
1820
1821
1822
1823
/*
 * drivers/base/core.c - core driver model code (device registration, etc)
 *
 * Copyright (c) 2002-3 Patrick Mochel
 * Copyright (c) 2002-3 Open Source Development Labs
 * Copyright (c) 2006 Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@suse.de>
 * Copyright (c) 2006 Novell, Inc.
 *
 * This file is released under the GPLv2
 *
 */

#include <linux/device.h>
#include <linux/err.h>
#include <linux/init.h>
#include <linux/module.h>
#include <linux/slab.h>
#include <linux/string.h>
#include <linux/kdev_t.h>
#include <linux/notifier.h>
#include <linux/genhd.h>
#include <linux/kallsyms.h>
#include <linux/mutex.h>
#include <linux/async.h>

#include "base.h"
#include "power/power.h"

#ifdef CONFIG_SYSFS_DEPRECATED
#ifdef CONFIG_SYSFS_DEPRECATED_V2
long sysfs_deprecated = 1;
#else
long sysfs_deprecated = 0;
#endif
static __init int sysfs_deprecated_setup(char *arg)
{
	return strict_strtol(arg, 10, &sysfs_deprecated);
}
early_param("sysfs.deprecated", sysfs_deprecated_setup);
#endif

int (*platform_notify)(struct device *dev) = NULL;
int (*platform_notify_remove)(struct device *dev) = NULL;
static struct kobject *dev_kobj;
struct kobject *sysfs_dev_char_kobj;
struct kobject *sysfs_dev_block_kobj;

#ifdef CONFIG_BLOCK
static inline int device_is_not_partition(struct device *dev)
{
	return !(dev->type == &part_type);
}
#else
static inline int device_is_not_partition(struct device *dev)
{
	return 1;
}
#endif

/**
 * dev_driver_string - Return a device's driver name, if at all possible
 * @dev: struct device to get the name of
 *
 * Will return the device's driver's name if it is bound to a device.  If
 * the device is not bound to a device, it will return the name of the bus
 * it is attached to.  If it is not attached to a bus either, an empty
 * string will be returned.
 */
const char *dev_driver_string(const struct device *dev)
{
	struct device_driver *drv;

	/* dev->driver can change to NULL underneath us because of unbinding,
	 * so be careful about accessing it.  dev->bus and dev->class should
	 * never change once they are set, so they don't need special care.
	 */
	drv = ACCESS_ONCE(dev->driver);
	return drv ? drv->name :
			(dev->bus ? dev->bus->name :
			(dev->class ? dev->class->name : ""));
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(dev_driver_string);

#define to_dev(obj) container_of(obj, struct device, kobj)
#define to_dev_attr(_attr) container_of(_attr, struct device_attribute, attr)

static ssize_t dev_attr_show(struct kobject *kobj, struct attribute *attr,
			     char *buf)
{
	struct device_attribute *dev_attr = to_dev_attr(attr);
	struct device *dev = to_dev(kobj);
	ssize_t ret = -EIO;

	if (dev_attr->show)
		ret = dev_attr->show(dev, dev_attr, buf);
	if (ret >= (ssize_t)PAGE_SIZE) {
		print_symbol("dev_attr_show: %s returned bad count\n",
				(unsigned long)dev_attr->show);
	}
	return ret;
}

static ssize_t dev_attr_store(struct kobject *kobj, struct attribute *attr,
			      const char *buf, size_t count)
{
	struct device_attribute *dev_attr = to_dev_attr(attr);
	struct device *dev = to_dev(kobj);
	ssize_t ret = -EIO;

	if (dev_attr->store)
		ret = dev_attr->store(dev, dev_attr, buf, count);
	return ret;
}

static const struct sysfs_ops dev_sysfs_ops = {
	.show	= dev_attr_show,
	.store	= dev_attr_store,
};


/**
 *	device_release - free device structure.
 *	@kobj:	device's kobject.
 *
 *	This is called once the reference count for the object
 *	reaches 0. We forward the call to the device's release
 *	method, which should handle actually freeing the structure.
 */
static void device_release(struct kobject *kobj)
{
	struct device *dev = to_dev(kobj);
	struct device_private *p = dev->p;

	if (dev->release)
		dev->release(dev);
	else if (dev->type && dev->type->release)
		dev->type->release(dev);
	else if (dev->class && dev->class->dev_release)
		dev->class->dev_release(dev);
	else
		WARN(1, KERN_ERR "Device '%s' does not have a release() "
			"function, it is broken and must be fixed.\n",
			dev_name(dev));
	kfree(p);
}

static const void *device_namespace(struct kobject *kobj)
{
	struct device *dev = to_dev(kobj);
	const void *ns = NULL;

	if (dev->class && dev->class->ns_type)
		ns = dev->class->namespace(dev);

	return ns;
}

static struct kobj_type device_ktype = {
	.release	= device_release,
	.sysfs_ops	= &dev_sysfs_ops,
	.namespace	= device_namespace,
};


static int dev_uevent_filter(struct kset *kset, struct kobject *kobj)
{
	struct kobj_type *ktype = get_ktype(kobj);

	if (ktype == &device_ktype) {
		struct device *dev = to_dev(kobj);
		if (dev->bus)
			return 1;
		if (dev->class)
			return 1;
	}
	return 0;
}

static const char *dev_uevent_name(struct kset *kset, struct kobject *kobj)
{
	struct device *dev = to_dev(kobj);

	if (dev->bus)
		return dev->bus->name;
	if (dev->class)
		return dev->class->name;
	return NULL;
}

static int dev_uevent(struct kset *kset, struct kobject *kobj,
		      struct kobj_uevent_env *env)
{
	struct device *dev = to_dev(kobj);
	int retval = 0;

	/* add device node properties if present */
	if (MAJOR(dev->devt)) {
		const char *tmp;
		const char *name;
		mode_t mode = 0;

		add_uevent_var(env, "MAJOR=%u", MAJOR(dev->devt));
		add_uevent_var(env, "MINOR=%u", MINOR(dev->devt));
		name = device_get_devnode(dev, &mode, &tmp);
		if (name) {
			add_uevent_var(env, "DEVNAME=%s", name);
			kfree(tmp);
			if (mode)
				add_uevent_var(env, "DEVMODE=%#o", mode & 0777);
		}
	}

	if (dev->type && dev->type->name)
		add_uevent_var(env, "DEVTYPE=%s", dev->type->name);

	if (dev->driver)
		add_uevent_var(env, "DRIVER=%s", dev->driver->name);

	/* have the bus specific function add its stuff */
	if (dev->bus && dev->bus->uevent) {
		retval = dev->bus->uevent(dev, env);
		if (retval)
			pr_debug("device: '%s': %s: bus uevent() returned %d\n",
				 dev_name(dev), __func__, retval);
	}

	/* have the class specific function add its stuff */
	if (dev->class && dev->class->dev_uevent) {
		retval = dev->class->dev_uevent(dev, env);
		if (retval)
			pr_debug("device: '%s': %s: class uevent() "
				 "returned %d\n", dev_name(dev),
				 __func__, retval);
	}

	/* have the device type specific function add its stuff */
	if (dev->type && dev->type->uevent) {
		retval = dev->type->uevent(dev, env);
		if (retval)
			pr_debug("device: '%s': %s: dev_type uevent() "
				 "returned %d\n", dev_name(dev),
				 __func__, retval);
	}

	return retval;
}

static const struct kset_uevent_ops device_uevent_ops = {
	.filter =	dev_uevent_filter,
	.name =		dev_uevent_name,
	.uevent =	dev_uevent,
};

static ssize_t show_uevent(struct device *dev, struct device_attribute *attr,
			   char *buf)
{
	struct kobject *top_kobj;
	struct kset *kset;
	struct kobj_uevent_env *env = NULL;
	int i;
	size_t count = 0;
	int retval;

	/* search the kset, the device belongs to */
	top_kobj = &dev->kobj;
	while (!top_kobj->kset && top_kobj->parent)
		top_kobj = top_kobj->parent;
	if (!top_kobj->kset)
		goto out;

	kset = top_kobj->kset;
	if (!kset->uevent_ops || !kset->uevent_ops->uevent)
		goto out;

	/* respect filter */
	if (kset->uevent_ops && kset->uevent_ops->filter)
		if (!kset->uevent_ops->filter(kset, &dev->kobj))
			goto out;

	env = kzalloc(sizeof(struct kobj_uevent_env), GFP_KERNEL);
	if (!env)
		return -ENOMEM;

	/* let the kset specific function add its keys */
	retval = kset->uevent_ops->uevent(kset, &dev->kobj, env);
	if (retval)
		goto out;

	/* copy keys to file */
	for (i = 0; i < env->envp_idx; i++)
		count += sprintf(&buf[count], "%s\n", env->envp[i]);
out:
	kfree(env);
	return count;
}

static ssize_t store_uevent(struct device *dev, struct device_attribute *attr,
			    const char *buf, size_t count)
{
	enum kobject_action action;

	if (kobject_action_type(buf, count, &action) == 0)
		kobject_uevent(&dev->kobj, action);
	else
		dev_err(dev, "uevent: unknown action-string\n");
	return count;
}

static struct device_attribute uevent_attr =
	__ATTR(uevent, S_IRUGO | S_IWUSR, show_uevent, store_uevent);

static int device_add_attributes(struct device *dev,
				 struct device_attribute *attrs)
{
	int error = 0;
	int i;

	if (attrs) {
		for (i = 0; attr_name(attrs[i]); i++) {
			error = device_create_file(dev, &attrs[i]);
			if (error)
				break;
		}
		if (error)
			while (--i >= 0)
				device_remove_file(dev, &attrs[i]);
	}
	return error;
}

static void device_remove_attributes(struct device *dev,
				     struct device_attribute *attrs)
{
	int i;

	if (attrs)
		for (i = 0; attr_name(attrs[i]); i++)
			device_remove_file(dev, &attrs[i]);
}

static int device_add_bin_attributes(struct device *dev,
				     struct bin_attribute *attrs)
{
	int error = 0;
	int i;

	if (attrs) {
		for (i = 0; attr_name(attrs[i]); i++) {
			error = device_create_bin_file(dev, &attrs[i]);
			if (error)
				break;
		}
		if (error)
			while (--i >= 0)
				device_remove_bin_file(dev, &attrs[i]);
	}
	return error;
}

static void device_remove_bin_attributes(struct device *dev,
					 struct bin_attribute *attrs)
{
	int i;

	if (attrs)
		for (i = 0; attr_name(attrs[i]); i++)
			device_remove_bin_file(dev, &attrs[i]);
}

static int device_add_groups(struct device *dev,
			     const struct attribute_group **groups)
{
	int error = 0;
	int i;

	if (groups) {
		for (i = 0; groups[i]; i++) {
			error = sysfs_create_group(&dev->kobj, groups[i]);
			if (error) {
				while (--i >= 0)
					sysfs_remove_group(&dev->kobj,
							   groups[i]);
				break;
			}
		}
	}
	return error;
}

static void device_remove_groups(struct device *dev,
				 const struct attribute_group **groups)
{
	int i;

	if (groups)
		for (i = 0; groups[i]; i++)
			sysfs_remove_group(&dev->kobj, groups[i]);
}

static int device_add_attrs(struct device *dev)
{
	struct class *class = dev->class;
	const struct device_type *type = dev->type;
	int error;

	if (class) {
		error = device_add_attributes(dev, class->dev_attrs);
		if (error)
			return error;
		error = device_add_bin_attributes(dev, class->dev_bin_attrs);
		if (error)
			goto err_remove_class_attrs;
	}

	if (type) {
		error = device_add_groups(dev, type->groups);
		if (error)
			goto err_remove_class_bin_attrs;
	}

	error = device_add_groups(dev, dev->groups);
	if (error)
		goto err_remove_type_groups;

	return 0;

 err_remove_type_groups:
	if (type)
		device_remove_groups(dev, type->groups);
 err_remove_class_bin_attrs:
	if (class)
		device_remove_bin_attributes(dev, class->dev_bin_attrs);
 err_remove_class_attrs:
	if (class)
		device_remove_attributes(dev, class->dev_attrs);

	return error;
}

static void device_remove_attrs(struct device *dev)
{
	struct class *class = dev->class;
	const struct device_type *type = dev->type;

	device_remove_groups(dev, dev->groups);

	if (type)
		device_remove_groups(dev, type->groups);

	if (class) {
		device_remove_attributes(dev, class->dev_attrs);
		device_remove_bin_attributes(dev, class->dev_bin_attrs);
	}
}


static ssize_t show_dev(struct device *dev, struct device_attribute *attr,
			char *buf)
{
	return print_dev_t(buf, dev->devt);
}

static struct device_attribute devt_attr =
	__ATTR(dev, S_IRUGO, show_dev, NULL);

/* kset to create /sys/devices/  */
struct kset *devices_kset;

/**
 * device_create_file - create sysfs attribute file for device.
 * @dev: device.
 * @attr: device attribute descriptor.
 */
int device_create_file(struct device *dev,
		       const struct device_attribute *attr)
{
	int error = 0;
	if (dev)
		error = sysfs_create_file(&dev->kobj, &attr->attr);
	return error;
}

/**
 * device_remove_file - remove sysfs attribute file.
 * @dev: device.
 * @attr: device attribute descriptor.
 */
void device_remove_file(struct device *dev,
			const struct device_attribute *attr)
{
	if (dev)
		sysfs_remove_file(&dev->kobj, &attr->attr);
}

/**
 * device_create_bin_file - create sysfs binary attribute file for device.
 * @dev: device.
 * @attr: device binary attribute descriptor.
 */
int device_create_bin_file(struct device *dev,
			   const struct bin_attribute *attr)
{
	int error = -EINVAL;
	if (dev)
		error = sysfs_create_bin_file(&dev->kobj, attr);
	return error;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(device_create_bin_file);

/**
 * device_remove_bin_file - remove sysfs binary attribute file
 * @dev: device.
 * @attr: device binary attribute descriptor.
 */
void device_remove_bin_file(struct device *dev,
			    const struct bin_attribute *attr)
{
	if (dev)
		sysfs_remove_bin_file(&dev->kobj, attr);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(device_remove_bin_file);

/**
 * device_schedule_callback_owner - helper to schedule a callback for a device
 * @dev: device.
 * @func: callback function to invoke later.
 * @owner: module owning the callback routine
 *
 * Attribute methods must not unregister themselves or their parent device
 * (which would amount to the same thing).  Attempts to do so will deadlock,
 * since unregistration is mutually exclusive with driver callbacks.
 *
 * Instead methods can call this routine, which will attempt to allocate
 * and schedule a workqueue request to call back @func with @dev as its
 * argument in the workqueue's process context.  @dev will be pinned until
 * @func returns.
 *
 * This routine is usually called via the inline device_schedule_callback(),
 * which automatically sets @owner to THIS_MODULE.
 *
 * Returns 0 if the request was submitted, -ENOMEM if storage could not
 * be allocated, -ENODEV if a reference to @owner isn't available.
 *
 * NOTE: This routine won't work if CONFIG_SYSFS isn't set!  It uses an
 * underlying sysfs routine (since it is intended for use by attribute
 * methods), and if sysfs isn't available you'll get nothing but -ENOSYS.
 */
int device_schedule_callback_owner(struct device *dev,
		void (*func)(struct device *), struct module *owner)
{
	return sysfs_schedule_callback(&dev->kobj,
			(void (*)(void *)) func, dev, owner);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(device_schedule_callback_owner);

static void klist_children_get(struct klist_node *n)
{
	struct device_private *p = to_device_private_parent(n);
	struct device *dev = p->device;

	get_device(dev);
}

static void klist_children_put(struct klist_node *n)
{
	struct device_private *p = to_device_private_parent(n);
	struct device *dev = p->device;

	put_device(dev);
}

/**
 * device_initialize - init device structure.
 * @dev: device.
 *
 * This prepares the device for use by other layers by initializing
 * its fields.
 * It is the first half of device_register(), if called by
 * that function, though it can also be called separately, so one
 * may use @dev's fields. In particular, get_device()/put_device()
 * may be used for reference counting of @dev after calling this
 * function.
 *
 * NOTE: Use put_device() to give up your reference instead of freeing
 * @dev directly once you have called this function.
 */
void device_initialize(struct device *dev)
{
	dev->kobj.kset = devices_kset;
	kobject_init(&dev->kobj, &device_ktype);
	INIT_LIST_HEAD(&dev->dma_pools);
	mutex_init(&dev->mutex);
	lockdep_set_novalidate_class(&dev->mutex);
	spin_lock_init(&dev->devres_lock);
	INIT_LIST_HEAD(&dev->devres_head);
	device_pm_init(dev);
	set_dev_node(dev, -1);
}

static struct kobject *virtual_device_parent(struct device *dev)
{
	static struct kobject *virtual_dir = NULL;

	if (!virtual_dir)
		virtual_dir = kobject_create_and_add("virtual",
						     &devices_kset->kobj);

	return virtual_dir;
}

struct class_dir {
	struct kobject kobj;
	struct class *class;
};

#define to_class_dir(obj) container_of(obj, struct class_dir, kobj)

static void class_dir_release(struct kobject *kobj)
{
	struct class_dir *dir = to_class_dir(kobj);
	kfree(dir);
}

static const
struct kobj_ns_type_operations *class_dir_child_ns_type(struct kobject *kobj)
{
	struct class_dir *dir = to_class_dir(kobj);
	return dir->class->ns_type;
}

static struct kobj_type class_dir_ktype = {
	.release	= class_dir_release,
	.sysfs_ops	= &kobj_sysfs_ops,
	.child_ns_type	= class_dir_child_ns_type
};

static struct kobject *
class_dir_create_and_add(struct class *class, struct kobject *parent_kobj)
{
	struct class_dir *dir;
	int retval;

	dir = kzalloc(sizeof(*dir), GFP_KERNEL);
	if (!dir)
		return NULL;

	dir->class = class;
	kobject_init(&dir->kobj, &class_dir_ktype);

	dir->kobj.kset = &class->p->glue_dirs;

	retval = kobject_add(&dir->kobj, parent_kobj, "%s", class->name);
	if (retval < 0) {
		kobject_put(&dir->kobj);
		return NULL;
	}
	return &dir->kobj;
}


static struct kobject *get_device_parent(struct device *dev,
					 struct device *parent)
{
	if (dev->class) {
		static DEFINE_MUTEX(gdp_mutex);
		struct kobject *kobj = NULL;
		struct kobject *parent_kobj;
		struct kobject *k;

#ifdef CONFIG_BLOCK
		/* block disks show up in /sys/block */
		if (sysfs_deprecated && dev->class == &block_class) {
			if (parent && parent->class == &block_class)
				return &parent->kobj;
			return &block_class.p->subsys.kobj;
		}
#endif

		/*
		 * If we have no parent, we live in "virtual".
		 * Class-devices with a non class-device as parent, live
		 * in a "glue" directory to prevent namespace collisions.
		 */
		if (parent == NULL)
			parent_kobj = virtual_device_parent(dev);
		else if (parent->class && !dev->class->ns_type)
			return &parent->kobj;
		else
			parent_kobj = &parent->kobj;

		mutex_lock(&gdp_mutex);

		/* find our class-directory at the parent and reference it */
		spin_lock(&dev->class->p->glue_dirs.list_lock);
		list_for_each_entry(k, &dev->class->p->glue_dirs.list, entry)
			if (k->parent == parent_kobj) {
				kobj = kobject_get(k);
				break;
			}
		spin_unlock(&dev->class->p->glue_dirs.list_lock);
		if (kobj) {
			mutex_unlock(&gdp_mutex);
			return kobj;
		}

		/* or create a new class-directory at the parent device */
		k = class_dir_create_and_add(dev->class, parent_kobj);
		/* do not emit an uevent for this simple "glue" directory */
		mutex_unlock(&gdp_mutex);
		return k;
	}

	if (parent)
		return &parent->kobj;
	return NULL;
}

static void cleanup_glue_dir(struct device *dev, struct kobject *glue_dir)
{
	/* see if we live in a "glue" directory */
	if (!glue_dir || !dev->class ||
	    glue_dir->kset != &dev->class->p->glue_dirs)
		return;

	kobject_put(glue_dir);
}

static void cleanup_device_parent(struct device *dev)
{
	cleanup_glue_dir(dev, dev->kobj.parent);
}

static void setup_parent(struct device *dev, struct device *parent)
{
	struct kobject *kobj;
	kobj = get_device_parent(dev, parent);
	if (kobj)
		dev->kobj.parent = kobj;
}

static int device_add_class_symlinks(struct device *dev)
{
	int error;

	if (!dev->class)
		return 0;

	error = sysfs_create_link(&dev->kobj,
				  &dev->class->p->subsys.kobj,
				  "subsystem");
	if (error)
		goto out;

	if (dev->parent && device_is_not_partition(dev)) {
		error = sysfs_create_link(&dev->kobj, &dev->parent->kobj,
					  "device");
		if (error)
			goto out_subsys;
	}

#ifdef CONFIG_BLOCK
	/* /sys/block has directories and does not need symlinks */
	if (sysfs_deprecated && dev->class == &block_class)
		return 0;
#endif

	/* link in the class directory pointing to the device */
	error = sysfs_create_link(&dev->class->p->subsys.kobj,
				  &dev->kobj, dev_name(dev));
	if (error)
		goto out_device;

	return 0;

out_device:
	sysfs_remove_link(&dev->kobj, "device");

out_subsys:
	sysfs_remove_link(&dev->kobj, "subsystem");
out:
	return error;
}

static void device_remove_class_symlinks(struct device *dev)
{
	if (!dev->class)
		return;

	if (dev->parent && device_is_not_partition(dev))
		sysfs_remove_link(&dev->kobj, "device");
	sysfs_remove_link(&dev->kobj, "subsystem");
#ifdef CONFIG_BLOCK
	if (sysfs_deprecated && dev->class == &block_class)
		return;
#endif
	sysfs_delete_link(&dev->class->p->subsys.kobj, &dev->kobj, dev_name(dev));
}

/**
 * dev_set_name - set a device name
 * @dev: device
 * @fmt: format string for the device's name
 */
int dev_set_name(struct device *dev, const char *fmt, ...)
{
	va_list vargs;
	int err;

	va_start(vargs, fmt);
	err = kobject_set_name_vargs(&dev->kobj, fmt, vargs);
	va_end(vargs);
	return err;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(dev_set_name);

/**
 * device_to_dev_kobj - select a /sys/dev/ directory for the device
 * @dev: device
 *
 * By default we select char/ for new entries.  Setting class->dev_obj
 * to NULL prevents an entry from being created.  class->dev_kobj must
 * be set (or cleared) before any devices are registered to the class
 * otherwise device_create_sys_dev_entry() and
 * device_remove_sys_dev_entry() will disagree about the the presence
 * of the link.
 */
static struct kobject *device_to_dev_kobj(struct device *dev)
{
	struct kobject *kobj;

	if (dev->class)
		kobj = dev->class->dev_kobj;
	else
		kobj = sysfs_dev_char_kobj;

	return kobj;
}

static int device_create_sys_dev_entry(struct device *dev)
{
	struct kobject *kobj = device_to_dev_kobj(dev);
	int error = 0;
	char devt_str[15];

	if (kobj) {
		format_dev_t(devt_str, dev->devt);
		error = sysfs_create_link(kobj, &dev->kobj, devt_str);
	}

	return error;
}

static void device_remove_sys_dev_entry(struct device *dev)
{
	struct kobject *kobj = device_to_dev_kobj(dev);
	char devt_str[15];

	if (kobj) {
		format_dev_t(devt_str, dev->devt);
		sysfs_remove_link(kobj, devt_str);
	}
}

int device_private_init(struct device *dev)
{
	dev->p = kzalloc(sizeof(*dev->p), GFP_KERNEL);
	if (!dev->p)
		return -ENOMEM;
	dev->p->device = dev;
	klist_init(&dev->p->klist_children, klist_children_get,
		   klist_children_put);
	return 0;
}

/**
 * device_add - add device to device hierarchy.
 * @dev: device.
 *
 * This is part 2 of device_register(), though may be called
 * separately _iff_ device_initialize() has been called separately.
 *
 * This adds @dev to the kobject hierarchy via kobject_add(), adds it
 * to the global and sibling lists for the device, then
 * adds it to the other relevant subsystems of the driver model.
 *
 * NOTE: _Never_ directly free @dev after calling this function, even
 * if it returned an error! Always use put_device() to give up your
 * reference instead.
 */
int device_add(struct device *dev)
{
	struct device *parent = NULL;
	struct class_interface *class_intf;
	int error = -EINVAL;

	dev = get_device(dev);
	if (!dev)
		goto done;

	if (!dev->p) {
		error = device_private_init(dev);
		if (error)
			goto done;
	}

	/*
	 * for statically allocated devices, which should all be converted
	 * some day, we need to initialize the name. We prevent reading back
	 * the name, and force the use of dev_name()
	 */
	if (dev->init_name) {
		dev_set_name(dev, "%s", dev->init_name);
		dev->init_name = NULL;
	}

	if (!dev_name(dev)) {
		error = -EINVAL;
		goto name_error;
	}

	pr_debug("device: '%s': %s\n", dev_name(dev), __func__);

	parent = get_device(dev->parent);
	setup_parent(dev, parent);

	/* use parent numa_node */
	if (parent)
		set_dev_node(dev, dev_to_node(parent));

	/* first, register with generic layer. */
	/* we require the name to be set before, and pass NULL */
	error = kobject_add(&dev->kobj, dev->kobj.parent, NULL);
	if (error)
		goto Error;

	/* notify platform of device entry */
	if (platform_notify)
		platform_notify(dev);

	error = device_create_file(dev, &uevent_attr);
	if (error)
		goto attrError;

	if (MAJOR(dev->devt)) {
		error = device_create_file(dev, &devt_attr);
		if (error)
			goto ueventattrError;

		error = device_create_sys_dev_entry(dev);
		if (error)
			goto devtattrError;

		devtmpfs_create_node(dev);
	}

	error = device_add_class_symlinks(dev);
	if (error)
		goto SymlinkError;
	error = device_add_attrs(dev);
	if (error)
		goto AttrsError;
	error = bus_add_device(dev);
	if (error)
		goto BusError;
	error = dpm_sysfs_add(dev);
	if (error)
		goto DPMError;
	device_pm_add(dev);

	/* Notify clients of device addition.  This call must come
	 * after dpm_sysf_add() and before kobject_uevent().
	 */
	if (dev->bus)
		blocking_notifier_call_chain(&dev->bus->p->bus_notifier,
					     BUS_NOTIFY_ADD_DEVICE, dev);

	kobject_uevent(&dev->kobj, KOBJ_ADD);
	bus_probe_device(dev);
	if (parent)
		klist_add_tail(&dev->p->knode_parent,
			       &parent->p->klist_children);

	if (dev->class) {
		mutex_lock(&dev->class->p->class_mutex);
		/* tie the class to the device */
		klist_add_tail(&dev->knode_class,
			       &dev->class->p->klist_devices);

		/* notify any interfaces that the device is here */
		list_for_each_entry(class_intf,
				    &dev->class->p->class_interfaces, node)
			if (class_intf->add_dev)
				class_intf->add_dev(dev, class_intf);
		mutex_unlock(&dev->class->p->class_mutex);
	}
done:
	put_device(dev);
	return error;
 DPMError:
	bus_remove_device(dev);
 BusError:
	device_remove_attrs(dev);
 AttrsError:
	device_remove_class_symlinks(dev);
 SymlinkError:
	if (MAJOR(dev->devt))
		devtmpfs_delete_node(dev);
	if (MAJOR(dev->devt))
		device_remove_sys_dev_entry(dev);
 devtattrError:
	if (MAJOR(dev->devt))
		device_remove_file(dev, &devt_attr);
 ueventattrError:
	device_remove_file(dev, &uevent_attr);
 attrError:
	kobject_uevent(&dev->kobj, KOBJ_REMOVE);
	kobject_del(&dev->kobj);
 Error:
	cleanup_device_parent(dev);
	if (parent)
		put_device(parent);
name_error:
	kfree(dev->p);
	dev->p = NULL;
	goto done;
}

/**
 * device_register - register a device with the system.
 * @dev: pointer to the device structure
 *
 * This happens in two clean steps - initialize the device
 * and add it to the system. The two steps can be called
 * separately, but this is the easiest and most common.
 * I.e. you should only call the two helpers separately if
 * have a clearly defined need to use and refcount the device
 * before it is added to the hierarchy.
 *
 * NOTE: _Never_ directly free @dev after calling this function, even
 * if it returned an error! Always use put_device() to give up the
 * reference initialized in this function instead.
 */
int device_register(struct device *dev)
{
	device_initialize(dev);
	return device_add(dev);
}

/**
 * get_device - increment reference count for device.
 * @dev: device.
 *
 * This simply forwards the call to kobject_get(), though
 * we do take care to provide for the case that we get a NULL
 * pointer passed in.
 */
struct device *get_device(struct device *dev)
{
	return dev ? to_dev(kobject_get(&dev->kobj)) : NULL;
}

/**
 * put_device - decrement reference count.
 * @dev: device in question.
 */
void put_device(struct device *dev)
{
	/* might_sleep(); */
	if (dev)
		kobject_put(&dev->kobj);
}

/**
 * device_del - delete device from system.
 * @dev: device.
 *
 * This is the first part of the device unregistration
 * sequence. This removes the device from the lists we control
 * from here, has it removed from the other driver model
 * subsystems it was added to in device_add(), and removes it
 * from the kobject hierarchy.
 *
 * NOTE: this should be called manually _iff_ device_add() was
 * also called manually.
 */
void device_del(struct device *dev)
{
	struct device *parent = dev->parent;
	struct class_interface *class_intf;

	/* Notify clients of device removal.  This call must come
	 * before dpm_sysfs_remove().
	 */
	if (dev->bus)
		blocking_notifier_call_chain(&dev->bus->p->bus_notifier,
					     BUS_NOTIFY_DEL_DEVICE, dev);
	device_pm_remove(dev);
	dpm_sysfs_remove(dev);
	if (parent)
		klist_del(&dev->p->knode_parent);
	if (MAJOR(dev->devt)) {
		devtmpfs_delete_node(dev);
		device_remove_sys_dev_entry(dev);
		device_remove_file(dev, &devt_attr);
	}
	if (dev->class) {
		device_remove_class_symlinks(dev);

		mutex_lock(&dev->class->p->class_mutex);
		/* notify any interfaces that the device is now gone */
		list_for_each_entry(class_intf,
				    &dev->class->p->class_interfaces, node)
			if (class_intf->remove_dev)
				class_intf->remove_dev(dev, class_intf);
		/* remove the device from the class list */
		klist_del(&dev->knode_class);
		mutex_unlock(&dev->class->p->class_mutex);
	}
	device_remove_file(dev, &uevent_attr);
	device_remove_attrs(dev);
	bus_remove_device(dev);

	/*
	 * Some platform devices are driven without driver attached
	 * and managed resources may have been acquired.  Make sure
	 * all resources are released.
	 */
	devres_release_all(dev);

	/* Notify the platform of the removal, in case they
	 * need to do anything...
	 */
	if (platform_notify_remove)
		platform_notify_remove(dev);
	kobject_uevent(&dev->kobj, KOBJ_REMOVE);
	cleanup_device_parent(dev);
	kobject_del(&dev->kobj);
	put_device(parent);
}

/**
 * device_unregister - unregister device from system.
 * @dev: device going away.
 *
 * We do this in two parts, like we do device_register(). First,
 * we remove it from all the subsystems with device_del(), then
 * we decrement the reference count via put_device(). If that
 * is the final reference count, the device will be cleaned up
 * via device_release() above. Otherwise, the structure will
 * stick around until the final reference to the device is dropped.
 */
void device_unregister(struct device *dev)
{
	pr_debug("device: '%s': %s\n", dev_name(dev), __func__);
	device_del(dev);
	put_device(dev);
}

static struct device *next_device(struct klist_iter *i)
{
	struct klist_node *n = klist_next(i);
	struct device *dev = NULL;
	struct device_private *p;

	if (n) {
		p = to_device_private_parent(n);
		dev = p->device;
	}
	return dev;
}

/**
 * device_get_devnode - path of device node file
 * @dev: device
 * @mode: returned file access mode
 * @tmp: possibly allocated string
 *
 * Return the relative path of a possible device node.
 * Non-default names may need to allocate a memory to compose
 * a name. This memory is returned in tmp and needs to be
 * freed by the caller.
 */
const char *device_get_devnode(struct device *dev,
			       mode_t *mode, const char **tmp)
{
	char *s;

	*tmp = NULL;

	/* the device type may provide a specific name */
	if (dev->type && dev->type->devnode)
		*tmp = dev->type->devnode(dev, mode);
	if (*tmp)
		return *tmp;

	/* the class may provide a specific name */
	if (dev->class && dev->class->devnode)
		*tmp = dev->class->devnode(dev, mode);
	if (*tmp)
		return *tmp;

	/* return name without allocation, tmp == NULL */
	if (strchr(dev_name(dev), '!') == NULL)
		return dev_name(dev);

	/* replace '!' in the name with '/' */
	*tmp = kstrdup(dev_name(dev), GFP_KERNEL);
	if (!*tmp)
		return NULL;
	while ((s = strchr(*tmp, '!')))
		s[0] = '/';
	return *tmp;
}

/**
 * device_for_each_child - device child iterator.
 * @parent: parent struct device.
 * @data: data for the callback.
 * @fn: function to be called for each device.
 *
 * Iterate over @parent's child devices, and call @fn for each,
 * passing it @data.
 *
 * We check the return of @fn each time. If it returns anything
 * other than 0, we break out and return that value.
 */
int device_for_each_child(struct device *parent, void *data,
			  int (*fn)(struct device *dev, void *data))
{
	struct klist_iter i;
	struct device *child;
	int error = 0;

	if (!parent->p)
		return 0;

	klist_iter_init(&parent->p->klist_children, &i);
	while ((child = next_device(&i)) && !error)
		error = fn(child, data);
	klist_iter_exit(&i);
	return error;
}

/**
 * device_find_child - device iterator for locating a particular device.
 * @parent: parent struct device
 * @data: Data to pass to match function
 * @match: Callback function to check device
 *
 * This is similar to the device_for_each_child() function above, but it
 * returns a reference to a device that is 'found' for later use, as
 * determined by the @match callback.
 *
 * The callback should return 0 if the device doesn't match and non-zero
 * if it does.  If the callback returns non-zero and a reference to the
 * current device can be obtained, this function will return to the caller
 * and not iterate over any more devices.
 */
struct device *device_find_child(struct device *parent, void *data,
				 int (*match)(struct device *dev, void *data))
{
	struct klist_iter i;
	struct device *child;

	if (!parent)
		return NULL;

	klist_iter_init(&parent->p->klist_children, &i);
	while ((child = next_device(&i)))
		if (match(child, data) && get_device(child))
			break;
	klist_iter_exit(&i);
	return child;
}

int __init devices_init(void)
{
	devices_kset = kset_create_and_add("devices", &device_uevent_ops, NULL);
	if (!devices_kset)
		return -ENOMEM;
	dev_kobj = kobject_create_and_add("dev", NULL);
	if (!dev_kobj)
		goto dev_kobj_err;
	sysfs_dev_block_kobj = kobject_create_and_add("block", dev_kobj);
	if (!sysfs_dev_block_kobj)
		goto block_kobj_err;
	sysfs_dev_char_kobj = kobject_create_and_add("char", dev_kobj);
	if (!sysfs_dev_char_kobj)
		goto char_kobj_err;

	return 0;

 char_kobj_err:
	kobject_put(sysfs_dev_block_kobj);
 block_kobj_err:
	kobject_put(dev_kobj);
 dev_kobj_err:
	kset_unregister(devices_kset);
	return -ENOMEM;
}

EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(device_for_each_child);
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(device_find_child);

EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(device_initialize);
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(device_add);
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(device_register);

EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(device_del);
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(device_unregister);
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(get_device);
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(put_device);

EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(device_create_file);
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(device_remove_file);

struct root_device {
	struct device dev;
	struct module *owner;
};

inline struct root_device *to_root_device(struct device *d)
{
	return container_of(d, struct root_device, dev);
}

static void root_device_release(struct device *dev)
{
	kfree(to_root_device(dev));
}

/**
 * __root_device_register - allocate and register a root device
 * @name: root device name
 * @owner: owner module of the root device, usually THIS_MODULE
 *
 * This function allocates a root device and registers it
 * using device_register(). In order to free the returned
 * device, use root_device_unregister().
 *
 * Root devices are dummy devices which allow other devices
 * to be grouped under /sys/devices. Use this function to
 * allocate a root device and then use it as the parent of
 * any device which should appear under /sys/devices/{name}
 *
 * The /sys/devices/{name} directory will also contain a
 * 'module' symlink which points to the @owner directory
 * in sysfs.
 *
 * Returns &struct device pointer on success, or ERR_PTR() on error.
 *
 * Note: You probably want to use root_device_register().
 */
struct device *__root_device_register(const char *name, struct module *owner)
{
	struct root_device *root;
	int err = -ENOMEM;

	root = kzalloc(sizeof(struct root_device), GFP_KERNEL);
	if (!root)
		return ERR_PTR(err);

	err = dev_set_name(&root->dev, "%s", name);
	if (err) {
		kfree(root);
		return ERR_PTR(err);
	}

	root->dev.release = root_device_release;

	err = device_register(&root->dev);
	if (err) {
		put_device(&root->dev);
		return ERR_PTR(err);
	}

#ifdef CONFIG_MODULES	/* gotta find a "cleaner" way to do this */
	if (owner) {
		struct module_kobject *mk = &owner->mkobj;

		err = sysfs_create_link(&root->dev.kobj, &mk->kobj, "module");
		if (err) {
			device_unregister(&root->dev);
			return ERR_PTR(err);
		}
		root->owner = owner;
	}
#endif

	return &root->dev;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(__root_device_register);

/**
 * root_device_unregister - unregister and free a root device
 * @dev: device going away
 *
 * This function unregisters and cleans up a device that was created by
 * root_device_register().
 */
void root_device_unregister(struct device *dev)
{
	struct root_device *root = to_root_device(dev);

	if (root->owner)
		sysfs_remove_link(&root->dev.kobj, "module");

	device_unregister(dev);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(root_device_unregister);


static void device_create_release(struct device *dev)
{
	pr_debug("device: '%s': %s\n", dev_name(dev), __func__);
	kfree(dev);
}

/**
 * device_create_vargs - creates a device and registers it with sysfs
 * @class: pointer to the struct class that this device should be registered to
 * @parent: pointer to the parent struct device of this new device, if any
 * @devt: the dev_t for the char device to be added
 * @drvdata: the data to be added to the device for callbacks
 * @fmt: string for the device's name
 * @args: va_list for the device's name
 *
 * This function can be used by char device classes.  A struct device
 * will be created in sysfs, registered to the specified class.
 *
 * A "dev" file will be created, showing the dev_t for the device, if
 * the dev_t is not 0,0.
 * If a pointer to a parent struct device is passed in, the newly created
 * struct device will be a child of that device in sysfs.
 * The pointer to the struct device will be returned from the call.
 * Any further sysfs files that might be required can be created using this
 * pointer.
 *
 * Returns &struct device pointer on success, or ERR_PTR() on error.
 *
 * Note: the struct class passed to this function must have previously
 * been created with a call to class_create().
 */
struct device *device_create_vargs(struct class *class, struct device *parent,
				   dev_t devt, void *drvdata, const char *fmt,
				   va_list args)
{
	struct device *dev = NULL;
	int retval = -ENODEV;

	if (class == NULL || IS_ERR(class))
		goto error;

	dev = kzalloc(sizeof(*dev), GFP_KERNEL);
	if (!dev) {
		retval = -ENOMEM;
		goto error;
	}

	dev->devt = devt;
	dev->class = class;
	dev->parent = parent;
	dev->release = device_create_release;
	dev_set_drvdata(dev, drvdata);

	retval = kobject_set_name_vargs(&dev->kobj, fmt, args);
	if (retval)
		goto error;

	retval = device_register(dev);
	if (retval)
		goto error;

	return dev;

error:
	put_device(dev);
	return ERR_PTR(retval);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(device_create_vargs);

/**
 * device_create - creates a device and registers it with sysfs
 * @class: pointer to the struct class that this device should be registered to
 * @parent: pointer to the parent struct device of this new device, if any
 * @devt: the dev_t for the char device to be added
 * @drvdata: the data to be added to the device for callbacks
 * @fmt: string for the device's name
 *
 * This function can be used by char device classes.  A struct device
 * will be created in sysfs, registered to the specified class.
 *
 * A "dev" file will be created, showing the dev_t for the device, if
 * the dev_t is not 0,0.
 * If a pointer to a parent struct device is passed in, the newly created
 * struct device will be a child of that device in sysfs.
 * The pointer to the struct device will be returned from the call.
 * Any further sysfs files that might be required can be created using this
 * pointer.
 *
 * Returns &struct device pointer on success, or ERR_PTR() on error.
 *
 * Note: the struct class passed to this function must have previously
 * been created with a call to class_create().
 */
struct device *device_create(struct class *class, struct device *parent,
			     dev_t devt, void *drvdata, const char *fmt, ...)
{
	va_list vargs;
	struct device *dev;

	va_start(vargs, fmt);
	dev = device_create_vargs(class, parent, devt, drvdata, fmt, vargs);
	va_end(vargs);
	return dev;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(device_create);

static int __match_devt(struct device *dev, void *data)
{
	dev_t *devt = data;

	return dev->devt == *devt;
}

/**
 * device_destroy - removes a device that was created with device_create()
 * @class: pointer to the struct class that this device was registered with
 * @devt: the dev_t of the device that was previously registered
 *
 * This call unregisters and cleans up a device that was created with a
 * call to device_create().
 */
void device_destroy(struct class *class, dev_t devt)
{
	struct device *dev;

	dev = class_find_device(class, NULL, &devt, __match_devt);
	if (dev) {
		put_device(dev);
		device_unregister(dev);
	}
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(device_destroy);

/**
 * device_rename - renames a device
 * @dev: the pointer to the struct device to be renamed
 * @new_name: the new name of the device
 *
 * It is the responsibility of the caller to provide mutual
 * exclusion between two different calls of device_rename
 * on the same device to ensure that new_name is valid and
 * won't conflict with other devices.
 *
 * Note: Don't call this function.  Currently, the networking layer calls this
 * function, but that will change.  The following text from Kay Sievers offers
 * some insight:
 *
 * Renaming devices is racy at many levels, symlinks and other stuff are not
 * replaced atomically, and you get a "move" uevent, but it's not easy to
 * connect the event to the old and new device. Device nodes are not renamed at
 * all, there isn't even support for that in the kernel now.
 *
 * In the meantime, during renaming, your target name might be taken by another
 * driver, creating conflicts. Or the old name is taken directly after you
 * renamed it -- then you get events for the same DEVPATH, before you even see
 * the "move" event. It's just a mess, and nothing new should ever rely on
 * kernel device renaming. Besides that, it's not even implemented now for
 * other things than (driver-core wise very simple) network devices.
 *
 * We are currently about to change network renaming in udev to completely
 * disallow renaming of devices in the same namespace as the kernel uses,
 * because we can't solve the problems properly, that arise with swapping names
 * of multiple interfaces without races. Means, renaming of eth[0-9]* will only
 * be allowed to some other name than eth[0-9]*, for the aforementioned
 * reasons.
 *
 * Make up a "real" name in the driver before you register anything, or add
 * some other attributes for userspace to find the device, or use udev to add
 * symlinks -- but never rename kernel devices later, it's a complete mess. We
 * don't even want to get into that and try to implement the missing pieces in
 * the core. We really have other pieces to fix in the driver core mess. :)
 */
int device_rename(struct device *dev, const char *new_name)
{
	char *old_class_name = NULL;
	char *new_class_name = NULL;
	char *old_device_name = NULL;
	int error;

	dev = get_device(dev);
	if (!dev)
		return -EINVAL;

	pr_debug("device: '%s': %s: renaming to '%s'\n", dev_name(dev),
		 __func__, new_name);

	old_device_name = kstrdup(dev_name(dev), GFP_KERNEL);
	if (!old_device_name) {
		error = -ENOMEM;
		goto out;
	}

	if (dev->class) {
		error = sysfs_rename_link(&dev->class->p->subsys.kobj,
			&dev->kobj, old_device_name, new_name);
		if (error)
			goto out;
	}

	error = kobject_rename(&dev->kobj, new_name);
	if (error)
		goto out;

out:
	put_device(dev);

	kfree(new_class_name);
	kfree(old_class_name);
	kfree(old_device_name);

	return error;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(device_rename);

static int device_move_class_links(struct device *dev,
				   struct device *old_parent,
				   struct device *new_parent)
{
	int error = 0;

	if (old_parent)
		sysfs_remove_link(&dev->kobj, "device");
	if (new_parent)
		error = sysfs_create_link(&dev->kobj, &new_parent->kobj,
					  "device");
	return error;
}

/**
 * device_move - moves a device to a new parent
 * @dev: the pointer to the struct device to be moved
 * @new_parent: the new parent of the device (can by NULL)
 * @dpm_order: how to reorder the dpm_list
 */
int device_move(struct device *dev, struct device *new_parent,
		enum dpm_order dpm_order)
{
	int error;
	struct device *old_parent;
	struct kobject *new_parent_kobj;

	dev = get_device(dev);
	if (!dev)
		return -EINVAL;

	device_pm_lock();
	new_parent = get_device(new_parent);
	new_parent_kobj = get_device_parent(dev, new_parent);

	pr_debug("device: '%s': %s: moving to '%s'\n", dev_name(dev),
		 __func__, new_parent ? dev_name(new_parent) : "<NULL>");
	error = kobject_move(&dev->kobj, new_parent_kobj);
	if (error) {
		cleanup_glue_dir(dev, new_parent_kobj);
		put_device(new_parent);
		goto out;
	}
	old_parent = dev->parent;
	dev->parent = new_parent;
	if (old_parent)
		klist_remove(&dev->p->knode_parent);
	if (new_parent) {
		klist_add_tail(&dev->p->knode_parent,
			       &new_parent->p->klist_children);
		set_dev_node(dev, dev_to_node(new_parent));
	}

	if (!dev->class)
		goto out_put;
	error = device_move_class_links(dev, old_parent, new_parent);
	if (error) {
		/* We ignore errors on cleanup since we're hosed anyway... */
		device_move_class_links(dev, new_parent, old_parent);
		if (!kobject_move(&dev->kobj, &old_parent->kobj)) {
			if (new_parent)
				klist_remove(&dev->p->knode_parent);
			dev->parent = old_parent;
			if (old_parent) {
				klist_add_tail(&dev->p->knode_parent,
					       &old_parent->p->klist_children);
				set_dev_node(dev, dev_to_node(old_parent));
			}
		}
		cleanup_glue_dir(dev, new_parent_kobj);
		put_device(new_parent);
		goto out;
	}
	switch (dpm_order) {
	case DPM_ORDER_NONE:
		break;
	case DPM_ORDER_DEV_AFTER_PARENT:
		device_pm_move_after(dev, new_parent);
		break;
	case DPM_ORDER_PARENT_BEFORE_DEV:
		device_pm_move_before(new_parent, dev);
		break;
	case DPM_ORDER_DEV_LAST:
		device_pm_move_last(dev);
		break;
	}
out_put:
	put_device(old_parent);
out:
	device_pm_unlock();
	put_device(dev);
	return error;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(device_move);

/**
 * device_shutdown - call ->shutdown() on each device to shutdown.
 */
void device_shutdown(void)
{
	struct device *dev;

	spin_lock(&devices_kset->list_lock);
	/*
	 * Walk the devices list backward, shutting down each in turn.
	 * Beware that device unplug events may also start pulling
	 * devices offline, even as the system is shutting down.
	 */
	while (!list_empty(&devices_kset->list)) {
		dev = list_entry(devices_kset->list.prev, struct device,
				kobj.entry);
		get_device(dev);
		/*
		 * Make sure the device is off the kset list, in the
		 * event that dev->*->shutdown() doesn't remove it.
		 */
		list_del_init(&dev->kobj.entry);
		spin_unlock(&devices_kset->list_lock);

		if (dev->bus && dev->bus->shutdown) {
			dev_dbg(dev, "shutdown\n");
			dev->bus->shutdown(dev);
		} else if (dev->driver && dev->driver->shutdown) {
			dev_dbg(dev, "shutdown\n");
			dev->driver->shutdown(dev);
		}
		put_device(dev);

		spin_lock(&devices_kset->list_lock);
	}
	spin_unlock(&devices_kset->list_lock);
	async_synchronize_full();
}

/*
 * Device logging functions
 */

#ifdef CONFIG_PRINTK

static int __dev_printk(const char *level, const struct device *dev,
			struct va_format *vaf)
{
	if (!dev)
		return printk("%s(NULL device *): %pV", level, vaf);

	return printk("%s%s %s: %pV",
		      level, dev_driver_string(dev), dev_name(dev), vaf);
}

int dev_printk(const char *level, const struct device *dev,
	       const char *fmt, ...)
{
	struct va_format vaf;
	va_list args;
	int r;

	va_start(args, fmt);

	vaf.fmt = fmt;
	vaf.va = &args;

	r = __dev_printk(level, dev, &vaf);
	va_end(args);

	return r;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(dev_printk);

#define define_dev_printk_level(func, kern_level)		\
int func(const struct device *dev, const char *fmt, ...)	\
{								\
	struct va_format vaf;					\
	va_list args;						\
	int r;							\
								\
	va_start(args, fmt);					\
								\
	vaf.fmt = fmt;						\
	vaf.va = &args;						\
								\
	r = __dev_printk(kern_level, dev, &vaf);		\
	va_end(args);						\
								\
	return r;						\
}								\
EXPORT_SYMBOL(func);

define_dev_printk_level(dev_emerg, KERN_EMERG);
define_dev_printk_level(dev_alert, KERN_ALERT);
define_dev_printk_level(dev_crit, KERN_CRIT);
define_dev_printk_level(dev_err, KERN_ERR);
define_dev_printk_level(dev_warn, KERN_WARNING);
define_dev_printk_level(dev_notice, KERN_NOTICE);
define_dev_printk_level(_dev_info, KERN_INFO);

#endif

Privacy Policy