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path: root/drivers/gpio/gpio-generic.c
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/*
 * Generic driver for memory-mapped GPIO controllers.
 *
 * Copyright 2008 MontaVista Software, Inc.
 * Copyright 2008,2010 Anton Vorontsov <cbouatmailru@gmail.com>
 *
 * This program is free software; you can redistribute  it and/or modify it
 * under  the terms of  the GNU General  Public License as published by the
 * Free Software Foundation;  either version 2 of the  License, or (at your
 * option) any later version.
 *
 * ....``.```~~~~````.`.`.`.`.```````'',,,.........`````......`.......
 * ...``                                                         ```````..
 * ..The simplest form of a GPIO controller that the driver supports is``
 *  `.just a single "data" register, where GPIO state can be read and/or `
 *    `,..written. ,,..``~~~~ .....``.`.`.~~.```.`.........``````.```````
 *        `````````
                                    ___
_/~~|___/~|   . ```~~~~~~       ___/___\___     ,~.`.`.`.`````.~~...,,,,...
__________|~$@~~~        %~    /o*o*o*o*o*o\   .. Implementing such a GPIO .
o        `                     ~~~~\___/~~~~    ` controller in FPGA is ,.`
                                                 `....trivial..'~`.```.```
 *                                                    ```````
 *  .```````~~~~`..`.``.``.
 * .  The driver supports  `...       ,..```.`~~~```````````````....````.``,,
 * .   big-endian notation, just`.  .. A bit more sophisticated controllers ,
 *  . register the device with -be`. .with a pair of set/clear-bit registers ,
 *   `.. suffix.  ```~~`````....`.`   . affecting the data register and the .`
 *     ``.`.``...```                  ```.. output pins are also supported.`
 *                        ^^             `````.`````````.,``~``~``~~``````
 *                                                   .                  ^^
 *   ,..`.`.`...````````````......`.`.`.`.`.`..`.`.`..
 * .. The expectation is that in at least some cases .    ,-~~~-,
 *  .this will be used with roll-your-own ASIC/FPGA .`     \   /
 *  .logic in Verilog or VHDL. ~~~`````````..`````~~`       \ /
 *  ..````````......```````````                             \o_
 *                                                           |
 *                              ^^                          / \
 *
 *           ...`````~~`.....``.`..........``````.`.``.```........``.
 *            `  8, 16, 32 and 64 bits registers are supported, and``.
 *            . the number of GPIOs is determined by the width of   ~
 *             .. the registers. ,............```.`.`..`.`.~~~.`.`.`~
 *               `.......````.```
 */

#include <linux/init.h>
#include <linux/err.h>
#include <linux/bug.h>
#include <linux/kernel.h>
#include <linux/module.h>
#include <linux/spinlock.h>
#include <linux/compiler.h>
#include <linux/types.h>
#include <linux/errno.h>
#include <linux/log2.h>
#include <linux/ioport.h>
#include <linux/io.h>
#include <linux/gpio.h>
#include <linux/slab.h>
#include <linux/platform_device.h>
#include <linux/mod_devicetable.h>
#include <linux/basic_mmio_gpio.h>

static void bgpio_write8(void __iomem *reg, unsigned long data)
{
	writeb(data, reg);
}

static unsigned long bgpio_read8(void __iomem *reg)
{
	return readb(reg);
}

static void bgpio_write16(void __iomem *reg, unsigned long data)
{
	writew(data, reg);
}

static unsigned long bgpio_read16(void __iomem *reg)
{
	return readw(reg);
}

static void bgpio_write32(void __iomem *reg, unsigned long data)
{
	writel(data, reg);
}

static unsigned long bgpio_read32(void __iomem *reg)
{
	return readl(reg);
}

#if BITS_PER_LONG >= 64
static void bgpio_write64(void __iomem *reg, unsigned long data)
{
	writeq(data, reg);
}

static unsigned long bgpio_read64(void __iomem *reg)
{
	return readq(reg);
}
#endif /* BITS_PER_LONG >= 64 */

static unsigned long bgpio_pin2mask(struct bgpio_chip *bgc, unsigned int pin)
{
	return 1 << pin;
}

static unsigned long bgpio_pin2mask_be(struct bgpio_chip *bgc,
				       unsigned int pin)
{
	return 1 << (bgc->bits - 1 - pin);
}

static int bgpio_get(struct gpio_chip *gc, unsigned int gpio)
{
	struct bgpio_chip *bgc = to_bgpio_chip(gc);

	return bgc->read_reg(bgc->reg_dat) & bgc->pin2mask(bgc, gpio);
}

static void bgpio_set(struct gpio_chip *gc, unsigned int gpio, int val)
{
	struct bgpio_chip *bgc = to_bgpio_chip(gc);
	unsigned long mask = bgc->pin2mask(bgc, gpio);
	unsigned long flags;

	spin_lock_irqsave(&bgc->lock, flags);

	if (val)
		bgc->data |= mask;
	else
		bgc->data &= ~mask;

	bgc->write_reg(bgc->reg_dat, bgc->data);

	spin_unlock_irqrestore(&bgc->lock, flags);
}

static void bgpio_set_with_clear(struct gpio_chip *gc, unsigned int gpio,
				 int val)
{
	struct bgpio_chip *bgc = to_bgpio_chip(gc);
	unsigned long mask = bgc->pin2mask(bgc, gpio);

	if (val)
		bgc->write_reg(bgc->reg_set, mask);
	else
		bgc->write_reg(bgc->reg_clr, mask);
}

static void bgpio_set_set(struct gpio_chip *gc, unsigned int gpio, int val)
{
	struct bgpio_chip *bgc = to_bgpio_chip(gc);
	unsigned long mask = bgc->pin2mask(bgc, gpio);
	unsigned long flags;

	spin_lock_irqsave(&bgc->lock, flags);

	if (val)
		bgc->data |= mask;
	else
		bgc->data &= ~mask;

	bgc->write_reg(bgc->reg_set, bgc->data);

	spin_unlock_irqrestore(&bgc->lock, flags);
}

static int bgpio_simple_dir_in(struct gpio_chip *gc, unsigned int gpio)
{
	return 0;
}

static int bgpio_simple_dir_out(struct gpio_chip *gc, unsigned int gpio,
				int val)
{
	gc->set(gc, gpio, val);

	return 0;
}

static int bgpio_dir_in(struct gpio_chip *gc, unsigned int gpio)
{
	struct bgpio_chip *bgc = to_bgpio_chip(gc);
	unsigned long flags;

	spin_lock_irqsave(&bgc->lock, flags);

	bgc->dir &= ~bgc->pin2mask(bgc, gpio);
	bgc->write_reg(bgc->reg_dir, bgc->dir);

	spin_unlock_irqrestore(&bgc->lock, flags);

	return 0;
}

static int bgpio_dir_out(struct gpio_chip *gc, unsigned int gpio, int val)
{
	struct bgpio_chip *bgc = to_bgpio_chip(gc);
	unsigned long flags;

	gc->set(gc, gpio, val);

	spin_lock_irqsave(&bgc->lock, flags);

	bgc->dir |= bgc->pin2mask(bgc, gpio);
	bgc->write_reg(bgc->reg_dir, bgc->dir);

	spin_unlock_irqrestore(&bgc->lock, flags);

	return 0;
}

static int bgpio_dir_in_inv(struct gpio_chip *gc, unsigned int gpio)
{
	struct bgpio_chip *bgc = to_bgpio_chip(gc);
	unsigned long flags;

	spin_lock_irqsave(&bgc->lock, flags);

	bgc->dir |= bgc->pin2mask(bgc, gpio);
	bgc->write_reg(bgc->reg_dir, bgc->dir);

	spin_unlock_irqrestore(&bgc->lock, flags);

	return 0;
}

static int bgpio_dir_out_inv(struct gpio_chip *gc, unsigned int gpio, int val)
{
	struct bgpio_chip *bgc = to_bgpio_chip(gc);
	unsigned long flags;

	gc->set(gc, gpio, val);

	spin_lock_irqsave(&bgc->lock, flags);

	bgc->dir &= ~bgc->pin2mask(bgc, gpio);
	bgc->write_reg(bgc->reg_dir, bgc->dir);

	spin_unlock_irqrestore(&bgc->lock, flags);

	return 0;
}

static int bgpio_setup_accessors(struct device *dev,
				 struct bgpio_chip *bgc,
				 bool be)
{

	switch (bgc->bits) {
	case 8:
		bgc->read_reg	= bgpio_read8;
		bgc->write_reg	= bgpio_write8;
		break;
	case 16:
		bgc->read_reg	= bgpio_read16;
		bgc->write_reg	= bgpio_write16;
		break;
	case 32:
		bgc->read_reg	= bgpio_read32;
		bgc->write_reg	= bgpio_write32;
		break;
#if BITS_PER_LONG >= 64
	case 64:
		bgc->read_reg	= bgpio_read64;
		bgc->write_reg	= bgpio_write64;
		break;
#endif /* BITS_PER_LONG >= 64 */
	default:
		dev_err(dev, "unsupported data width %u bits\n", bgc->bits);
		return -EINVAL;
	}

	bgc->pin2mask = be ? bgpio_pin2mask_be : bgpio_pin2mask;

	return 0;
}

/*
 * Create the device and allocate the resources.  For setting GPIO's there are
 * three supported configurations:
 *
 *	- single input/output register resource (named "dat").
 *	- set/clear pair (named "set" and "clr").
 *	- single output register resource and single input resource ("set" and
 *	dat").
 *
 * For the single output register, this drives a 1 by setting a bit and a zero
 * by clearing a bit.  For the set clr pair, this drives a 1 by setting a bit
 * in the set register and clears it by setting a bit in the clear register.
 * The configuration is detected by which resources are present.
 *
 * For setting the GPIO direction, there are three supported configurations:
 *
 *	- simple bidirection GPIO that requires no configuration.
 *	- an output direction register (named "dirout") where a 1 bit
 *	indicates the GPIO is an output.
 *	- an input direction register (named "dirin") where a 1 bit indicates
 *	the GPIO is an input.
 */
static int bgpio_setup_io(struct bgpio_chip *bgc,
			  void __iomem *dat,
			  void __iomem *set,
			  void __iomem *clr)
{

	bgc->reg_dat = dat;
	if (!bgc->reg_dat)
		return -EINVAL;

	if (set && clr) {
		bgc->reg_set = set;
		bgc->reg_clr = clr;
		bgc->gc.set = bgpio_set_with_clear;
	} else if (set && !clr) {
		bgc->reg_set = set;
		bgc->gc.set = bgpio_set_set;
	} else {
		bgc->gc.set = bgpio_set;
	}

	bgc->gc.get = bgpio_get;

	return 0;
}

static int bgpio_setup_direction(struct bgpio_chip *bgc,
				 void __iomem *dirout,
				 void __iomem *dirin)
{
	if (dirout && dirin) {
		return -EINVAL;
	} else if (dirout) {
		bgc->reg_dir = dirout;
		bgc->gc.direction_output = bgpio_dir_out;
		bgc->gc.direction_input = bgpio_dir_in;
	} else if (dirin) {
		bgc->reg_dir = dirin;
		bgc->gc.direction_output = bgpio_dir_out_inv;
		bgc->gc.direction_input = bgpio_dir_in_inv;
	} else {
		bgc->gc.direction_output = bgpio_simple_dir_out;
		bgc->gc.direction_input = bgpio_simple_dir_in;
	}

	return 0;
}

int __devexit bgpio_remove(struct bgpio_chip *bgc)
{
	int err = gpiochip_remove(&bgc->gc);

	kfree(bgc);

	return err;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(bgpio_remove);

int __devinit bgpio_init(struct bgpio_chip *bgc,
			 struct device *dev,
			 unsigned long sz,
			 void __iomem *dat,
			 void __iomem *set,
			 void __iomem *clr,
			 void __iomem *dirout,
			 void __iomem *dirin,
			 bool big_endian)
{
	int ret;

	if (!is_power_of_2(sz))
		return -EINVAL;

	bgc->bits = sz * 8;
	if (bgc->bits > BITS_PER_LONG)
		return -EINVAL;

	spin_lock_init(&bgc->lock);
	bgc->gc.dev = dev;
	bgc->gc.label = dev_name(dev);
	bgc->gc.base = -1;
	bgc->gc.ngpio = bgc->bits;

	ret = bgpio_setup_io(bgc, dat, set, clr);
	if (ret)
		return ret;

	ret = bgpio_setup_accessors(dev, bgc, big_endian);
	if (ret)
		return ret;

	ret = bgpio_setup_direction(bgc, dirout, dirin);
	if (ret)
		return ret;

	bgc->data = bgc->read_reg(bgc->reg_dat);

	return ret;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(bgpio_init);

#ifdef CONFIG_GPIO_GENERIC_PLATFORM

static void __iomem *bgpio_map(struct platform_device *pdev,
			       const char *name,
			       resource_size_t sane_sz,
			       int *err)
{
	struct device *dev = &pdev->dev;
	struct resource *r;
	resource_size_t start;
	resource_size_t sz;
	void __iomem *ret;

	*err = 0;

	r = platform_get_resource_byname(pdev, IORESOURCE_MEM, name);
	if (!r)
		return NULL;

	sz = resource_size(r);
	if (sz != sane_sz) {
		*err = -EINVAL;
		return NULL;
	}

	start = r->start;
	if (!devm_request_mem_region(dev, start, sz, r->name)) {
		*err = -EBUSY;
		return NULL;
	}

	ret = devm_ioremap(dev, start, sz);
	if (!ret) {
		*err = -ENOMEM;
		return NULL;
	}

	return ret;
}

static int __devinit bgpio_pdev_probe(struct platform_device *pdev)
{
	struct device *dev = &pdev->dev;
	struct resource *r;
	void __iomem *dat;
	void __iomem *set;
	void __iomem *clr;
	void __iomem *dirout;
	void __iomem *dirin;
	unsigned long sz;
	bool be;
	int err;
	struct bgpio_chip *bgc;
	struct bgpio_pdata *pdata = dev_get_platdata(dev);

	r = platform_get_resource_byname(pdev, IORESOURCE_MEM, "dat");
	if (!r)
		return -EINVAL;

	sz = resource_size(r);

	dat = bgpio_map(pdev, "dat", sz, &err);
	if (!dat)
		return err ? err : -EINVAL;

	set = bgpio_map(pdev, "set", sz, &err);
	if (err)
		return err;

	clr = bgpio_map(pdev, "clr", sz, &err);
	if (err)
		return err;

	dirout = bgpio_map(pdev, "dirout", sz, &err);
	if (err)
		return err;

	dirin = bgpio_map(pdev, "dirin", sz, &err);
	if (err)
		return err;

	be = !strcmp(platform_get_device_id(pdev)->name, "basic-mmio-gpio-be");

	bgc = devm_kzalloc(&pdev->dev, sizeof(*bgc), GFP_KERNEL);
	if (!bgc)
		return -ENOMEM;

	err = bgpio_init(bgc, dev, sz, dat, set, clr, dirout, dirin, be);
	if (err)
		return err;

	if (pdata) {
		bgc->gc.base = pdata->base;
		if (pdata->ngpio > 0)
			bgc->gc.ngpio = pdata->ngpio;
	}

	platform_set_drvdata(pdev, bgc);

	return gpiochip_add(&bgc->gc);
}

static int __devexit bgpio_pdev_remove(struct platform_device *pdev)
{
	struct bgpio_chip *bgc = platform_get_drvdata(pdev);

	return bgpio_remove(bgc);
}

static const struct platform_device_id bgpio_id_table[] = {
	{ "basic-mmio-gpio", },
	{ "basic-mmio-gpio-be", },
	{},
};
MODULE_DEVICE_TABLE(platform, bgpio_id_table);

static struct platform_driver bgpio_driver = {
	.driver = {
		.name = "basic-mmio-gpio",
	},
	.id_table = bgpio_id_table,
	.probe = bgpio_pdev_probe,
	.remove = __devexit_p(bgpio_pdev_remove),
};

static int __init bgpio_platform_init(void)
{
	return platform_driver_register(&bgpio_driver);
}
module_init(bgpio_platform_init);

static void __exit bgpio_platform_exit(void)
{
	platform_driver_unregister(&bgpio_driver);
}
module_exit(bgpio_platform_exit);

#endif /* CONFIG_GPIO_GENERIC_PLATFORM */

MODULE_DESCRIPTION("Driver for basic memory-mapped GPIO controllers");
MODULE_AUTHOR("Anton Vorontsov <cbouatmailru@gmail.com>");
MODULE_LICENSE("GPL");

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