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authorRussell King <rmk+kernel@armlinux.org.uk>2018-12-13 14:02:48 +0000
committerRussell King <rmk+kernel@armlinux.org.uk>2019-02-01 22:05:23 +0000
commit6213f70e7c10fd4a01b65bad3826648fc78df8a8 (patch)
treec1296d53776c9668057f570485285754c2424ab5
parent70678554c4c40f2cf8de5e7cd53fdd2c73387e51 (diff)
ARM: smp: remove arch-provided "pen_release"
Consolidating the "pen_release" stuff amongst the various SoC implementations gives credence to having a CPU holding pen for secondary CPUs. However, this is far from the truth. Many SoC implementations cargo-cult copied various bits of the pen release implementation from the initial Realview/Versatile Express implementation without understanding what it was or why it existed. The reason it existed is because these are _development_ platforms, and some board firmware is unable to individually control the startup of secondary CPUs. Moreover, they do not have a way to power down or reset secondary CPUs for hot-unplug. Hence, the pen_release implementation was designed for ARM Ltd's development platforms to provide a working implementation, even though it is very far from what is required. It was decided a while back to reduce the duplication by consolidating the "pen_release" variable, but this only made the situation worse - we have ended up with several implementations that read this variable but do not write it - again, showing the cargo-cult mentality at work, lack of proper review of new code, and in some cases a lack of testing. While it would be preferable to remove pen_release entirely from the kernel, this is not possible without help from the SoC maintainers, which seems to be lacking. However, I want to remove pen_release from arch code to remove the credence that having it gives. This patch removes pen_release from the arch code entirely, adding private per-SoC definitions for it instead, and explicitly stating that write_pen_release() is cargo-cult copied and should not be copied any further. Rename write_pen_release() in a similar fashion as well. Signed-off-by: Russell King <rmk+kernel@armlinux.org.uk>
-rw-r--r--arch/arm/include/asm/smp.h1
-rw-r--r--arch/arm/kernel/smp.c6
-rw-r--r--arch/arm/mach-exynos/headsmp.S2
-rw-r--r--arch/arm/mach-exynos/platsmp.c31
-rw-r--r--arch/arm/mach-prima2/common.h2
-rw-r--r--arch/arm/mach-prima2/headsmp.S2
-rw-r--r--arch/arm/mach-prima2/hotplug.c3
-rw-r--r--arch/arm/mach-prima2/platsmp.c17
-rw-r--r--arch/arm/mach-spear/generic.h2
-rw-r--r--arch/arm/mach-spear/headsmp.S2
-rw-r--r--arch/arm/mach-spear/hotplug.c4
-rw-r--r--arch/arm/mach-spear/platsmp.c27
12 files changed, 56 insertions, 43 deletions
diff --git a/arch/arm/include/asm/smp.h b/arch/arm/include/asm/smp.h
index 709a55989cb0..451ae684aaf4 100644
--- a/arch/arm/include/asm/smp.h
+++ b/arch/arm/include/asm/smp.h
@@ -67,7 +67,6 @@ struct secondary_data {
void *stack;
};
extern struct secondary_data secondary_data;
-extern volatile int pen_release;
extern void secondary_startup(void);
extern void secondary_startup_arm(void);
diff --git a/arch/arm/kernel/smp.c b/arch/arm/kernel/smp.c
index 3bf82232b1be..051b0e8e7d30 100644
--- a/arch/arm/kernel/smp.c
+++ b/arch/arm/kernel/smp.c
@@ -62,12 +62,6 @@
*/
struct secondary_data secondary_data;
-/*
- * control for which core is the next to come out of the secondary
- * boot "holding pen"
- */
-volatile int pen_release = -1;
-
enum ipi_msg_type {
IPI_WAKEUP,
IPI_TIMER,
diff --git a/arch/arm/mach-exynos/headsmp.S b/arch/arm/mach-exynos/headsmp.S
index 005695c9bf40..0ac2cb9a7355 100644
--- a/arch/arm/mach-exynos/headsmp.S
+++ b/arch/arm/mach-exynos/headsmp.S
@@ -36,4 +36,4 @@ ENDPROC(exynos4_secondary_startup)
.align 2
1: .long .
- .long pen_release
+ .long exynos_pen_release
diff --git a/arch/arm/mach-exynos/platsmp.c b/arch/arm/mach-exynos/platsmp.c
index c39ffd2e2fe6..3795412c0189 100644
--- a/arch/arm/mach-exynos/platsmp.c
+++ b/arch/arm/mach-exynos/platsmp.c
@@ -28,6 +28,9 @@
extern void exynos4_secondary_startup(void);
+/* XXX exynos_pen_release is cargo culted code - DO NOT COPY XXX */
+volatile int exynos_pen_release = -1;
+
#ifdef CONFIG_HOTPLUG_CPU
static inline void cpu_leave_lowpower(u32 core_id)
{
@@ -57,7 +60,7 @@ static inline void platform_do_lowpower(unsigned int cpu, int *spurious)
wfi();
- if (pen_release == core_id) {
+ if (exynos_pen_release == core_id) {
/*
* OK, proper wakeup, we're done
*/
@@ -228,15 +231,17 @@ void exynos_core_restart(u32 core_id)
}
/*
- * Write pen_release in a way that is guaranteed to be visible to all
- * observers, irrespective of whether they're taking part in coherency
+ * XXX CARGO CULTED CODE - DO NOT COPY XXX
+ *
+ * Write exynos_pen_release in a way that is guaranteed to be visible to
+ * all observers, irrespective of whether they're taking part in coherency
* or not. This is necessary for the hotplug code to work reliably.
*/
-static void write_pen_release(int val)
+static void exynos_write_pen_release(int val)
{
- pen_release = val;
+ exynos_pen_release = val;
smp_wmb();
- sync_cache_w(&pen_release);
+ sync_cache_w(&exynos_pen_release);
}
static DEFINE_SPINLOCK(boot_lock);
@@ -247,7 +252,7 @@ static void exynos_secondary_init(unsigned int cpu)
* let the primary processor know we're out of the
* pen, then head off into the C entry point
*/
- write_pen_release(-1);
+ exynos_write_pen_release(-1);
/*
* Synchronise with the boot thread.
@@ -322,12 +327,12 @@ static int exynos_boot_secondary(unsigned int cpu, struct task_struct *idle)
/*
* The secondary processor is waiting to be released from
* the holding pen - release it, then wait for it to flag
- * that it has been released by resetting pen_release.
+ * that it has been released by resetting exynos_pen_release.
*
- * Note that "pen_release" is the hardware CPU core ID, whereas
+ * Note that "exynos_pen_release" is the hardware CPU core ID, whereas
* "cpu" is Linux's internal ID.
*/
- write_pen_release(core_id);
+ exynos_write_pen_release(core_id);
if (!exynos_cpu_power_state(core_id)) {
exynos_cpu_power_up(core_id);
@@ -376,13 +381,13 @@ static int exynos_boot_secondary(unsigned int cpu, struct task_struct *idle)
else
arch_send_wakeup_ipi_mask(cpumask_of(cpu));
- if (pen_release == -1)
+ if (exynos_pen_release == -1)
break;
udelay(10);
}
- if (pen_release != -1)
+ if (exynos_pen_release != -1)
ret = -ETIMEDOUT;
/*
@@ -392,7 +397,7 @@ static int exynos_boot_secondary(unsigned int cpu, struct task_struct *idle)
fail:
spin_unlock(&boot_lock);
- return pen_release != -1 ? ret : 0;
+ return exynos_pen_release != -1 ? ret : 0;
}
static void __init exynos_smp_prepare_cpus(unsigned int max_cpus)
diff --git a/arch/arm/mach-prima2/common.h b/arch/arm/mach-prima2/common.h
index 6d77b622d168..457eb7b18160 100644
--- a/arch/arm/mach-prima2/common.h
+++ b/arch/arm/mach-prima2/common.h
@@ -15,6 +15,8 @@
#include <asm/mach/time.h>
#include <asm/exception.h>
+extern volatile int prima2_pen_release;
+
extern const struct smp_operations sirfsoc_smp_ops;
extern void sirfsoc_secondary_startup(void);
extern void sirfsoc_cpu_die(unsigned int cpu);
diff --git a/arch/arm/mach-prima2/headsmp.S b/arch/arm/mach-prima2/headsmp.S
index 209d9fc5c16c..6cf4fc60347b 100644
--- a/arch/arm/mach-prima2/headsmp.S
+++ b/arch/arm/mach-prima2/headsmp.S
@@ -34,4 +34,4 @@ ENDPROC(sirfsoc_secondary_startup)
.align
1: .long .
- .long pen_release
+ .long prima2_pen_release
diff --git a/arch/arm/mach-prima2/hotplug.c b/arch/arm/mach-prima2/hotplug.c
index a728c78b996f..b6cf1527e330 100644
--- a/arch/arm/mach-prima2/hotplug.c
+++ b/arch/arm/mach-prima2/hotplug.c
@@ -11,6 +11,7 @@
#include <linux/smp.h>
#include <asm/smp_plat.h>
+#include "common.h"
static inline void platform_do_lowpower(unsigned int cpu)
{
@@ -18,7 +19,7 @@ static inline void platform_do_lowpower(unsigned int cpu)
for (;;) {
__asm__ __volatile__("dsb\n\t" "wfi\n\t"
: : : "memory");
- if (pen_release == cpu_logical_map(cpu)) {
+ if (prima2_pen_release == cpu_logical_map(cpu)) {
/*
* OK, proper wakeup, we're done
*/
diff --git a/arch/arm/mach-prima2/platsmp.c b/arch/arm/mach-prima2/platsmp.c
index 75ef5d4be554..d1f8b5168083 100644
--- a/arch/arm/mach-prima2/platsmp.c
+++ b/arch/arm/mach-prima2/platsmp.c
@@ -24,13 +24,16 @@ static void __iomem *clk_base;
static DEFINE_SPINLOCK(boot_lock);
+/* XXX prima2_pen_release is cargo culted code - DO NOT COPY XXX */
+volatile int prima2_pen_release = -1;
+
static void sirfsoc_secondary_init(unsigned int cpu)
{
/*
* let the primary processor know we're out of the
* pen, then head off into the C entry point
*/
- pen_release = -1;
+ prima2_pen_release = -1;
smp_wmb();
/*
@@ -80,13 +83,13 @@ static int sirfsoc_boot_secondary(unsigned int cpu, struct task_struct *idle)
/*
* The secondary processor is waiting to be released from
* the holding pen - release it, then wait for it to flag
- * that it has been released by resetting pen_release.
+ * that it has been released by resetting prima2_pen_release.
*
- * Note that "pen_release" is the hardware CPU ID, whereas
+ * Note that "prima2_pen_release" is the hardware CPU ID, whereas
* "cpu" is Linux's internal ID.
*/
- pen_release = cpu_logical_map(cpu);
- sync_cache_w(&pen_release);
+ prima2_pen_release = cpu_logical_map(cpu);
+ sync_cache_w(&prima2_pen_release);
/*
* Send the secondary CPU SEV, thereby causing the boot monitor to read
@@ -97,7 +100,7 @@ static int sirfsoc_boot_secondary(unsigned int cpu, struct task_struct *idle)
timeout = jiffies + (1 * HZ);
while (time_before(jiffies, timeout)) {
smp_rmb();
- if (pen_release == -1)
+ if (prima2_pen_release == -1)
break;
udelay(10);
@@ -109,7 +112,7 @@ static int sirfsoc_boot_secondary(unsigned int cpu, struct task_struct *idle)
*/
spin_unlock(&boot_lock);
- return pen_release != -1 ? -ENOSYS : 0;
+ return prima2_pen_release != -1 ? -ENOSYS : 0;
}
const struct smp_operations sirfsoc_smp_ops __initconst = {
diff --git a/arch/arm/mach-spear/generic.h b/arch/arm/mach-spear/generic.h
index 909b97c0b237..25b4c5e66e39 100644
--- a/arch/arm/mach-spear/generic.h
+++ b/arch/arm/mach-spear/generic.h
@@ -20,6 +20,8 @@
#include <asm/mach/time.h>
+extern volatile int spear_pen_release;
+
extern void spear13xx_timer_init(void);
extern void spear3xx_timer_init(void);
extern struct pl022_ssp_controller pl022_plat_data;
diff --git a/arch/arm/mach-spear/headsmp.S b/arch/arm/mach-spear/headsmp.S
index c52192dc3d9f..6e250b6c0aa2 100644
--- a/arch/arm/mach-spear/headsmp.S
+++ b/arch/arm/mach-spear/headsmp.S
@@ -43,5 +43,5 @@ pen: ldr r7, [r6]
.align
1: .long .
- .long pen_release
+ .long spear_pen_release
ENDPROC(spear13xx_secondary_startup)
diff --git a/arch/arm/mach-spear/hotplug.c b/arch/arm/mach-spear/hotplug.c
index 12edd1cf8a12..0dd84f609627 100644
--- a/arch/arm/mach-spear/hotplug.c
+++ b/arch/arm/mach-spear/hotplug.c
@@ -16,6 +16,8 @@
#include <asm/cp15.h>
#include <asm/smp_plat.h>
+#include "generic.h"
+
static inline void cpu_enter_lowpower(void)
{
unsigned int v;
@@ -57,7 +59,7 @@ static inline void spear13xx_do_lowpower(unsigned int cpu, int *spurious)
for (;;) {
wfi();
- if (pen_release == cpu) {
+ if (spear_pen_release == cpu) {
/*
* OK, proper wakeup, we're done
*/
diff --git a/arch/arm/mach-spear/platsmp.c b/arch/arm/mach-spear/platsmp.c
index 39038a03836a..b1ff4bb86f6d 100644
--- a/arch/arm/mach-spear/platsmp.c
+++ b/arch/arm/mach-spear/platsmp.c
@@ -20,16 +20,21 @@
#include <mach/spear.h>
#include "generic.h"
+/* XXX spear_pen_release is cargo culted code - DO NOT COPY XXX */
+volatile int spear_pen_release = -1;
+
/*
- * Write pen_release in a way that is guaranteed to be visible to all
- * observers, irrespective of whether they're taking part in coherency
+ * XXX CARGO CULTED CODE - DO NOT COPY XXX
+ *
+ * Write spear_pen_release in a way that is guaranteed to be visible to
+ * all observers, irrespective of whether they're taking part in coherency
* or not. This is necessary for the hotplug code to work reliably.
*/
-static void write_pen_release(int val)
+static void spear_write_pen_release(int val)
{
- pen_release = val;
+ spear_pen_release = val;
smp_wmb();
- sync_cache_w(&pen_release);
+ sync_cache_w(&spear_pen_release);
}
static DEFINE_SPINLOCK(boot_lock);
@@ -42,7 +47,7 @@ static void spear13xx_secondary_init(unsigned int cpu)
* let the primary processor know we're out of the
* pen, then head off into the C entry point
*/
- write_pen_release(-1);
+ spear_write_pen_release(-1);
/*
* Synchronise with the boot thread.
@@ -64,17 +69,17 @@ static int spear13xx_boot_secondary(unsigned int cpu, struct task_struct *idle)
/*
* The secondary processor is waiting to be released from
* the holding pen - release it, then wait for it to flag
- * that it has been released by resetting pen_release.
+ * that it has been released by resetting spear_pen_release.
*
- * Note that "pen_release" is the hardware CPU ID, whereas
+ * Note that "spear_pen_release" is the hardware CPU ID, whereas
* "cpu" is Linux's internal ID.
*/
- write_pen_release(cpu);
+ spear_write_pen_release(cpu);
timeout = jiffies + (1 * HZ);
while (time_before(jiffies, timeout)) {
smp_rmb();
- if (pen_release == -1)
+ if (spear_pen_release == -1)
break;
udelay(10);
@@ -86,7 +91,7 @@ static int spear13xx_boot_secondary(unsigned int cpu, struct task_struct *idle)
*/
spin_unlock(&boot_lock);
- return pen_release != -1 ? -ENOSYS : 0;
+ return spear_pen_release != -1 ? -ENOSYS : 0;
}
/*

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