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authorEric B Munson <ebmunson@us.ibm.com>2009-09-21 17:03:48 -0700
committerLinus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>2009-09-22 07:17:42 -0700
commit94bf5ceac095c7d4cb5e4d40fa7e2dd81d722b75 (patch)
tree5e41a60cbc7281cb68df1d4a2139933877096616
parent4e52780d41a741fb4861ae1df2413dd816ec11b1 (diff)
hugetlb: add MAP_HUGETLB example
Add an example of how to use the MAP_HUGETLB flag to the vm documentation directory and a reference to the example in hugetlbpage.txt. Signed-off-by: Eric B Munson <ebmunson@us.ibm.com> Acked-by: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com> Cc: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie> Cc: Adam Litke <agl@us.ibm.com> Cc: David Gibson <david@gibson.dropbear.id.au> Cc: Lee Schermerhorn <lee.schermerhorn@hp.com> Cc: Nick Piggin <nickpiggin@yahoo.com.au> Cc: Hugh Dickins <hugh.dickins@tiscali.co.uk> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
-rw-r--r--Documentation/vm/00-INDEX2
-rw-r--r--Documentation/vm/hugetlbpage.txt14
-rw-r--r--Documentation/vm/map_hugetlb.c77
3 files changed, 87 insertions, 6 deletions
diff --git a/Documentation/vm/00-INDEX b/Documentation/vm/00-INDEX
index f80a44944874..e57d6a9dd32b 100644
--- a/Documentation/vm/00-INDEX
+++ b/Documentation/vm/00-INDEX
@@ -22,3 +22,5 @@ slabinfo.c
- source code for a tool to get reports about slabs.
slub.txt
- a short users guide for SLUB.
+map_hugetlb.c
+ - an example program that uses the MAP_HUGETLB mmap flag.
diff --git a/Documentation/vm/hugetlbpage.txt b/Documentation/vm/hugetlbpage.txt
index 3a167be78c2f..82a7bd1800b2 100644
--- a/Documentation/vm/hugetlbpage.txt
+++ b/Documentation/vm/hugetlbpage.txt
@@ -187,12 +187,14 @@ Regular chown, chgrp, and chmod commands (with right permissions) could be
used to change the file attributes on hugetlbfs.
Also, it is important to note that no such mount command is required if the
-applications are going to use only shmat/shmget system calls. Users who
-wish to use hugetlb page via shared memory segment should be a member of
-a supplementary group and system admin needs to configure that gid into
-/proc/sys/vm/hugetlb_shm_group. It is possible for same or different
-applications to use any combination of mmaps and shm* calls, though the
-mount of filesystem will be required for using mmap calls.
+applications are going to use only shmat/shmget system calls or mmap with
+MAP_HUGETLB. Users who wish to use hugetlb page via shared memory segment
+should be a member of a supplementary group and system admin needs to
+configure that gid into /proc/sys/vm/hugetlb_shm_group. It is possible for
+same or different applications to use any combination of mmaps and shm*
+calls, though the mount of filesystem will be required for using mmap calls
+without MAP_HUGETLB. For an example of how to use mmap with MAP_HUGETLB see
+map_hugetlb.c.
*******************************************************************
diff --git a/Documentation/vm/map_hugetlb.c b/Documentation/vm/map_hugetlb.c
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..e2bdae37f499
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/vm/map_hugetlb.c
@@ -0,0 +1,77 @@
+/*
+ * Example of using hugepage memory in a user application using the mmap
+ * system call with MAP_HUGETLB flag. Before running this program make
+ * sure the administrator has allocated enough default sized huge pages
+ * to cover the 256 MB allocation.
+ *
+ * For ia64 architecture, Linux kernel reserves Region number 4 for hugepages.
+ * That means the addresses starting with 0x800000... will need to be
+ * specified. Specifying a fixed address is not required on ppc64, i386
+ * or x86_64.
+ */
+#include <stdlib.h>
+#include <stdio.h>
+#include <unistd.h>
+#include <sys/mman.h>
+#include <fcntl.h>
+
+#define LENGTH (256UL*1024*1024)
+#define PROTECTION (PROT_READ | PROT_WRITE)
+
+#ifndef MAP_HUGETLB
+#define MAP_HUGETLB 0x40
+#endif
+
+/* Only ia64 requires this */
+#ifdef __ia64__
+#define ADDR (void *)(0x8000000000000000UL)
+#define FLAGS (MAP_PRIVATE | MAP_ANONYMOUS | MAP_HUGETLB | MAP_FIXED)
+#else
+#define ADDR (void *)(0x0UL)
+#define FLAGS (MAP_PRIVATE | MAP_ANONYMOUS | MAP_HUGETLB)
+#endif
+
+void check_bytes(char *addr)
+{
+ printf("First hex is %x\n", *((unsigned int *)addr));
+}
+
+void write_bytes(char *addr)
+{
+ unsigned long i;
+
+ for (i = 0; i < LENGTH; i++)
+ *(addr + i) = (char)i;
+}
+
+void read_bytes(char *addr)
+{
+ unsigned long i;
+
+ check_bytes(addr);
+ for (i = 0; i < LENGTH; i++)
+ if (*(addr + i) != (char)i) {
+ printf("Mismatch at %lu\n", i);
+ break;
+ }
+}
+
+int main(void)
+{
+ void *addr;
+
+ addr = mmap(ADDR, LENGTH, PROTECTION, FLAGS, 0, 0);
+ if (addr == MAP_FAILED) {
+ perror("mmap");
+ exit(1);
+ }
+
+ printf("Returned address is %p\n", addr);
+ check_bytes(addr);
+ write_bytes(addr);
+ read_bytes(addr);
+
+ munmap(addr, LENGTH);
+
+ return 0;
+}

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