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authorLinus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>2017-09-04 09:52:57 -0700
committerLinus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>2017-09-04 09:52:57 -0700
commitb0c79f49c343cda8954b3322984c32f258ca4ccb (patch)
treedd823d13683b7e6b0caebcaf3964df6150aee294 /arch/x86/include/asm
parentf213a6c84c1b4b396a0713ee33cff0e02ba8235f (diff)
parentdd88a0a0c8615417fe6b4285769b5b772de87279 (diff)
Merge branch 'x86-asm-for-linus' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/tip/tip
Pull x86 asm updates from Ingo Molnar: - Introduce the ORC unwinder, which can be enabled via CONFIG_ORC_UNWINDER=y. The ORC unwinder is a lightweight, Linux kernel specific debuginfo implementation, which aims to be DWARF done right for unwinding. Objtool is used to generate the ORC unwinder tables during build, so the data format is flexible and kernel internal: there's no dependency on debuginfo created by an external toolchain. The ORC unwinder is almost two orders of magnitude faster than the (out of tree) DWARF unwinder - which is important for perf call graph profiling. It is also significantly simpler and is coded defensively: there has not been a single ORC related kernel crash so far, even with early versions. (knock on wood!) But the main advantage is that enabling the ORC unwinder allows CONFIG_FRAME_POINTERS to be turned off - which speeds up the kernel measurably: With frame pointers disabled, GCC does not have to add frame pointer instrumentation code to every function in the kernel. The kernel's .text size decreases by about 3.2%, resulting in better cache utilization and fewer instructions executed, resulting in a broad kernel-wide speedup. Average speedup of system calls should be roughly in the 1-3% range - measurements by Mel Gorman [1] have shown a speedup of 5-10% for some function execution intense workloads. The main cost of the unwinder is that the unwinder data has to be stored in RAM: the memory cost is 2-4MB of RAM, depending on kernel config - which is a modest cost on modern x86 systems. Given how young the ORC unwinder code is it's not enabled by default - but given the performance advantages the plan is to eventually make it the default unwinder on x86. See Documentation/x86/orc-unwinder.txt for more details. - Remove lguest support: its intended role was that of a temporary proof of concept for virtualization, plus its removal will enable the reduction (removal) of the paravirt API as well, so Rusty agreed to its removal. (Juergen Gross) - Clean up and fix FSGS related functionality (Andy Lutomirski) - Clean up IO access APIs (Andy Shevchenko) - Enhance the symbol namespace (Jiri Slaby) * 'x86-asm-for-linus' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/tip/tip: (47 commits) objtool: Handle GCC stack pointer adjustment bug x86/entry/64: Use ENTRY() instead of ALIGN+GLOBAL for stub32_clone() x86/fpu/math-emu: Add ENDPROC to functions x86/boot/64: Extract efi_pe_entry() from startup_64() x86/boot/32: Extract efi_pe_entry() from startup_32() x86/lguest: Remove lguest support x86/paravirt/xen: Remove xen_patch() objtool: Fix objtool fallthrough detection with function padding x86/xen/64: Fix the reported SS and CS in SYSCALL objtool: Track DRAP separately from callee-saved registers objtool: Fix validate_branch() return codes x86: Clarify/fix no-op barriers for text_poke_bp() x86/switch_to/64: Rewrite FS/GS switching yet again to fix AMD CPUs selftests/x86/fsgsbase: Test selectors 1, 2, and 3 x86/fsgsbase/64: Report FSBASE and GSBASE correctly in core dumps x86/fsgsbase/64: Fully initialize FS and GS state in start_thread_common x86/asm: Fix UNWIND_HINT_REGS macro for older binutils x86/asm/32: Fix regs_get_register() on segment registers x86/xen/64: Rearrange the SYSCALL entries x86/asm/32: Remove a bunch of '& 0xffff' from pt_regs segment reads ...
Diffstat (limited to 'arch/x86/include/asm')
-rw-r--r--arch/x86/include/asm/elf.h15
-rw-r--r--arch/x86/include/asm/io.h98
-rw-r--r--arch/x86/include/asm/lguest.h91
-rw-r--r--arch/x86/include/asm/lguest_hcall.h74
-rw-r--r--arch/x86/include/asm/module.h9
-rw-r--r--arch/x86/include/asm/orc_lookup.h46
-rw-r--r--arch/x86/include/asm/orc_types.h107
-rw-r--r--arch/x86/include/asm/processor.h5
-rw-r--r--arch/x86/include/asm/ptrace.h43
-rw-r--r--arch/x86/include/asm/rmwcc.h37
-rw-r--r--arch/x86/include/asm/unwind.h76
-rw-r--r--arch/x86/include/asm/unwind_hints.h105
12 files changed, 434 insertions, 272 deletions
diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/elf.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/elf.h
index 9aeb91935ce0..bda9f94bcb10 100644
--- a/arch/x86/include/asm/elf.h
+++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/elf.h
@@ -126,15 +126,15 @@ do { \
pr_reg[4] = regs->di; \
pr_reg[5] = regs->bp; \
pr_reg[6] = regs->ax; \
- pr_reg[7] = regs->ds & 0xffff; \
- pr_reg[8] = regs->es & 0xffff; \
- pr_reg[9] = regs->fs & 0xffff; \
+ pr_reg[7] = regs->ds; \
+ pr_reg[8] = regs->es; \
+ pr_reg[9] = regs->fs; \
pr_reg[11] = regs->orig_ax; \
pr_reg[12] = regs->ip; \
- pr_reg[13] = regs->cs & 0xffff; \
+ pr_reg[13] = regs->cs; \
pr_reg[14] = regs->flags; \
pr_reg[15] = regs->sp; \
- pr_reg[16] = regs->ss & 0xffff; \
+ pr_reg[16] = regs->ss; \
} while (0);
#define ELF_CORE_COPY_REGS(pr_reg, regs) \
@@ -204,6 +204,7 @@ void set_personality_ia32(bool);
#define ELF_CORE_COPY_REGS(pr_reg, regs) \
do { \
+ unsigned long base; \
unsigned v; \
(pr_reg)[0] = (regs)->r15; \
(pr_reg)[1] = (regs)->r14; \
@@ -226,8 +227,8 @@ do { \
(pr_reg)[18] = (regs)->flags; \
(pr_reg)[19] = (regs)->sp; \
(pr_reg)[20] = (regs)->ss; \
- (pr_reg)[21] = current->thread.fsbase; \
- (pr_reg)[22] = current->thread.gsbase; \
+ rdmsrl(MSR_FS_BASE, base); (pr_reg)[21] = base; \
+ rdmsrl(MSR_KERNEL_GS_BASE, base); (pr_reg)[22] = base; \
asm("movl %%ds,%0" : "=r" (v)); (pr_reg)[23] = v; \
asm("movl %%es,%0" : "=r" (v)); (pr_reg)[24] = v; \
asm("movl %%fs,%0" : "=r" (v)); (pr_reg)[25] = v; \
diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/io.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/io.h
index 48febf07e828..1310e1f1cd65 100644
--- a/arch/x86/include/asm/io.h
+++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/io.h
@@ -69,6 +69,9 @@ build_mmio_write(__writeb, "b", unsigned char, "q", )
build_mmio_write(__writew, "w", unsigned short, "r", )
build_mmio_write(__writel, "l", unsigned int, "r", )
+#define readb readb
+#define readw readw
+#define readl readl
#define readb_relaxed(a) __readb(a)
#define readw_relaxed(a) __readw(a)
#define readl_relaxed(a) __readl(a)
@@ -76,6 +79,9 @@ build_mmio_write(__writel, "l", unsigned int, "r", )
#define __raw_readw __readw
#define __raw_readl __readl
+#define writeb writeb
+#define writew writew
+#define writel writel
#define writeb_relaxed(v, a) __writeb(v, a)
#define writew_relaxed(v, a) __writew(v, a)
#define writel_relaxed(v, a) __writel(v, a)
@@ -88,13 +94,15 @@ build_mmio_write(__writel, "l", unsigned int, "r", )
#ifdef CONFIG_X86_64
build_mmio_read(readq, "q", unsigned long, "=r", :"memory")
+build_mmio_read(__readq, "q", unsigned long, "=r", )
build_mmio_write(writeq, "q", unsigned long, "r", :"memory")
+build_mmio_write(__writeq, "q", unsigned long, "r", )
-#define readq_relaxed(a) readq(a)
-#define writeq_relaxed(v, a) writeq(v, a)
+#define readq_relaxed(a) __readq(a)
+#define writeq_relaxed(v, a) __writeq(v, a)
-#define __raw_readq(a) readq(a)
-#define __raw_writeq(val, addr) writeq(val, addr)
+#define __raw_readq __readq
+#define __raw_writeq __writeq
/* Let people know that we have them */
#define readq readq
@@ -119,6 +127,7 @@ static inline phys_addr_t virt_to_phys(volatile void *address)
{
return __pa(address);
}
+#define virt_to_phys virt_to_phys
/**
* phys_to_virt - map physical address to virtual
@@ -137,6 +146,7 @@ static inline void *phys_to_virt(phys_addr_t address)
{
return __va(address);
}
+#define phys_to_virt phys_to_virt
/*
* Change "struct page" to physical address.
@@ -169,11 +179,14 @@ static inline unsigned int isa_virt_to_bus(volatile void *address)
* else, you probably want one of the following.
*/
extern void __iomem *ioremap_nocache(resource_size_t offset, unsigned long size);
+#define ioremap_nocache ioremap_nocache
extern void __iomem *ioremap_uc(resource_size_t offset, unsigned long size);
#define ioremap_uc ioremap_uc
extern void __iomem *ioremap_cache(resource_size_t offset, unsigned long size);
+#define ioremap_cache ioremap_cache
extern void __iomem *ioremap_prot(resource_size_t offset, unsigned long size, unsigned long prot_val);
+#define ioremap_prot ioremap_prot
/**
* ioremap - map bus memory into CPU space
@@ -193,8 +206,10 @@ static inline void __iomem *ioremap(resource_size_t offset, unsigned long size)
{
return ioremap_nocache(offset, size);
}
+#define ioremap ioremap
extern void iounmap(volatile void __iomem *addr);
+#define iounmap iounmap
extern void set_iounmap_nonlazy(void);
@@ -203,53 +218,6 @@ extern void set_iounmap_nonlazy(void);
#include <asm-generic/iomap.h>
/*
- * Convert a virtual cached pointer to an uncached pointer
- */
-#define xlate_dev_kmem_ptr(p) p
-
-/**
- * memset_io Set a range of I/O memory to a constant value
- * @addr: The beginning of the I/O-memory range to set
- * @val: The value to set the memory to
- * @count: The number of bytes to set
- *
- * Set a range of I/O memory to a given value.
- */
-static inline void
-memset_io(volatile void __iomem *addr, unsigned char val, size_t count)
-{
- memset((void __force *)addr, val, count);
-}
-
-/**
- * memcpy_fromio Copy a block of data from I/O memory
- * @dst: The (RAM) destination for the copy
- * @src: The (I/O memory) source for the data
- * @count: The number of bytes to copy
- *
- * Copy a block of data from I/O memory.
- */
-static inline void
-memcpy_fromio(void *dst, const volatile void __iomem *src, size_t count)
-{
- memcpy(dst, (const void __force *)src, count);
-}
-
-/**
- * memcpy_toio Copy a block of data into I/O memory
- * @dst: The (I/O memory) destination for the copy
- * @src: The (RAM) source for the data
- * @count: The number of bytes to copy
- *
- * Copy a block of data to I/O memory.
- */
-static inline void
-memcpy_toio(volatile void __iomem *dst, const void *src, size_t count)
-{
- memcpy((void __force *)dst, src, count);
-}
-
-/*
* ISA space is 'always mapped' on a typical x86 system, no need to
* explicitly ioremap() it. The fact that the ISA IO space is mapped
* to PAGE_OFFSET is pure coincidence - it does not mean ISA values
@@ -341,13 +309,38 @@ BUILDIO(b, b, char)
BUILDIO(w, w, short)
BUILDIO(l, , int)
+#define inb inb
+#define inw inw
+#define inl inl
+#define inb_p inb_p
+#define inw_p inw_p
+#define inl_p inl_p
+#define insb insb
+#define insw insw
+#define insl insl
+
+#define outb outb
+#define outw outw
+#define outl outl
+#define outb_p outb_p
+#define outw_p outw_p
+#define outl_p outl_p
+#define outsb outsb
+#define outsw outsw
+#define outsl outsl
+
extern void *xlate_dev_mem_ptr(phys_addr_t phys);
extern void unxlate_dev_mem_ptr(phys_addr_t phys, void *addr);
+#define xlate_dev_mem_ptr xlate_dev_mem_ptr
+#define unxlate_dev_mem_ptr unxlate_dev_mem_ptr
+
extern int ioremap_change_attr(unsigned long vaddr, unsigned long size,
enum page_cache_mode pcm);
extern void __iomem *ioremap_wc(resource_size_t offset, unsigned long size);
+#define ioremap_wc ioremap_wc
extern void __iomem *ioremap_wt(resource_size_t offset, unsigned long size);
+#define ioremap_wt ioremap_wt
extern bool is_early_ioremap_ptep(pte_t *ptep);
@@ -365,6 +358,9 @@ extern bool xen_biovec_phys_mergeable(const struct bio_vec *vec1,
#define IO_SPACE_LIMIT 0xffff
+#include <asm-generic/io.h>
+#undef PCI_IOBASE
+
#ifdef CONFIG_MTRR
extern int __must_check arch_phys_wc_index(int handle);
#define arch_phys_wc_index arch_phys_wc_index
diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/lguest.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/lguest.h
deleted file mode 100644
index 73d0c9b92087..000000000000
--- a/arch/x86/include/asm/lguest.h
+++ /dev/null
@@ -1,91 +0,0 @@
-#ifndef _ASM_X86_LGUEST_H
-#define _ASM_X86_LGUEST_H
-
-#define GDT_ENTRY_LGUEST_CS 10
-#define GDT_ENTRY_LGUEST_DS 11
-#define LGUEST_CS (GDT_ENTRY_LGUEST_CS * 8)
-#define LGUEST_DS (GDT_ENTRY_LGUEST_DS * 8)
-
-#ifndef __ASSEMBLY__
-#include <asm/desc.h>
-
-#define GUEST_PL 1
-
-/* Page for Switcher text itself, then two pages per cpu */
-#define SWITCHER_TEXT_PAGES (1)
-#define SWITCHER_STACK_PAGES (2 * nr_cpu_ids)
-#define TOTAL_SWITCHER_PAGES (SWITCHER_TEXT_PAGES + SWITCHER_STACK_PAGES)
-
-/* Where we map the Switcher, in both Host and Guest. */
-extern unsigned long switcher_addr;
-
-/* Found in switcher.S */
-extern unsigned long default_idt_entries[];
-
-/* Declarations for definitions in arch/x86/lguest/head_32.S */
-extern char lguest_noirq_iret[];
-extern const char lgstart_cli[], lgend_cli[];
-extern const char lgstart_pushf[], lgend_pushf[];
-
-extern void lguest_iret(void);
-extern void lguest_init(void);
-
-struct lguest_regs {
- /* Manually saved part. */
- unsigned long eax, ebx, ecx, edx;
- unsigned long esi, edi, ebp;
- unsigned long gs;
- unsigned long fs, ds, es;
- unsigned long trapnum, errcode;
- /* Trap pushed part */
- unsigned long eip;
- unsigned long cs;
- unsigned long eflags;
- unsigned long esp;
- unsigned long ss;
-};
-
-/* This is a guest-specific page (mapped ro) into the guest. */
-struct lguest_ro_state {
- /* Host information we need to restore when we switch back. */
- u32 host_cr3;
- struct desc_ptr host_idt_desc;
- struct desc_ptr host_gdt_desc;
- u32 host_sp;
-
- /* Fields which are used when guest is running. */
- struct desc_ptr guest_idt_desc;
- struct desc_ptr guest_gdt_desc;
- struct x86_hw_tss guest_tss;
- struct desc_struct guest_idt[IDT_ENTRIES];
- struct desc_struct guest_gdt[GDT_ENTRIES];
-};
-
-struct lg_cpu_arch {
- /* The GDT entries copied into lguest_ro_state when running. */
- struct desc_struct gdt[GDT_ENTRIES];
-
- /* The IDT entries: some copied into lguest_ro_state when running. */
- struct desc_struct idt[IDT_ENTRIES];
-
- /* The address of the last guest-visible pagefault (ie. cr2). */
- unsigned long last_pagefault;
-};
-
-static inline void lguest_set_ts(void)
-{
- u32 cr0;
-
- cr0 = read_cr0();
- if (!(cr0 & 8))
- write_cr0(cr0 | 8);
-}
-
-/* Full 4G segment descriptors, suitable for CS and DS. */
-#define FULL_EXEC_SEGMENT \
- ((struct desc_struct)GDT_ENTRY_INIT(0xc09b, 0, 0xfffff))
-#define FULL_SEGMENT ((struct desc_struct)GDT_ENTRY_INIT(0xc093, 0, 0xfffff))
-
-#endif /* __ASSEMBLY__ */
-
-#endif /* _ASM_X86_LGUEST_H */
diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/lguest_hcall.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/lguest_hcall.h
deleted file mode 100644
index 6c119cfae218..000000000000
--- a/arch/x86/include/asm/lguest_hcall.h
+++ /dev/null
@@ -1,74 +0,0 @@
-/* Architecture specific portion of the lguest hypercalls */
-#ifndef _ASM_X86_LGUEST_HCALL_H
-#define _ASM_X86_LGUEST_HCALL_H
-
-#define LHCALL_FLUSH_ASYNC 0
-#define LHCALL_LGUEST_INIT 1
-#define LHCALL_SHUTDOWN 2
-#define LHCALL_NEW_PGTABLE 4
-#define LHCALL_FLUSH_TLB 5
-#define LHCALL_LOAD_IDT_ENTRY 6
-#define LHCALL_SET_STACK 7
-#define LHCALL_SET_CLOCKEVENT 9
-#define LHCALL_HALT 10
-#define LHCALL_SET_PMD 13
-#define LHCALL_SET_PTE 14
-#define LHCALL_SET_PGD 15
-#define LHCALL_LOAD_TLS 16
-#define LHCALL_LOAD_GDT_ENTRY 18
-#define LHCALL_SEND_INTERRUPTS 19
-
-#define LGUEST_TRAP_ENTRY 0x1F
-
-/* Argument number 3 to LHCALL_LGUEST_SHUTDOWN */
-#define LGUEST_SHUTDOWN_POWEROFF 1
-#define LGUEST_SHUTDOWN_RESTART 2
-
-#ifndef __ASSEMBLY__
-#include <asm/hw_irq.h>
-
-/*G:030
- * But first, how does our Guest contact the Host to ask for privileged
- * operations? There are two ways: the direct way is to make a "hypercall",
- * to make requests of the Host Itself.
- *
- * Our hypercall mechanism uses the highest unused trap code (traps 32 and
- * above are used by real hardware interrupts). Seventeen hypercalls are
- * available: the hypercall number is put in the %eax register, and the
- * arguments (when required) are placed in %ebx, %ecx, %edx and %esi.
- * If a return value makes sense, it's returned in %eax.
- *
- * Grossly invalid calls result in Sudden Death at the hands of the vengeful
- * Host, rather than returning failure. This reflects Winston Churchill's
- * definition of a gentleman: "someone who is only rude intentionally".
- */
-static inline unsigned long
-hcall(unsigned long call,
- unsigned long arg1, unsigned long arg2, unsigned long arg3,
- unsigned long arg4)
-{
- /* "int" is the Intel instruction to trigger a trap. */
- asm volatile("int $" __stringify(LGUEST_TRAP_ENTRY)
- /* The call in %eax (aka "a") might be overwritten */
- : "=a"(call)
- /* The arguments are in %eax, %ebx, %ecx, %edx & %esi */
- : "a"(call), "b"(arg1), "c"(arg2), "d"(arg3), "S"(arg4)
- /* "memory" means this might write somewhere in memory.
- * This isn't true for all calls, but it's safe to tell
- * gcc that it might happen so it doesn't get clever. */
- : "memory");
- return call;
-}
-/*:*/
-
-/* Can't use our min() macro here: needs to be a constant */
-#define LGUEST_IRQS (NR_IRQS < 32 ? NR_IRQS: 32)
-
-#define LHCALL_RING_SIZE 64
-struct hcall_args {
- /* These map directly onto eax/ebx/ecx/edx/esi in struct lguest_regs */
- unsigned long arg0, arg1, arg2, arg3, arg4;
-};
-
-#endif /* !__ASSEMBLY__ */
-#endif /* _ASM_X86_LGUEST_HCALL_H */
diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/module.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/module.h
index e3b7819caeef..9eb7c718aaf8 100644
--- a/arch/x86/include/asm/module.h
+++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/module.h
@@ -2,6 +2,15 @@
#define _ASM_X86_MODULE_H
#include <asm-generic/module.h>
+#include <asm/orc_types.h>
+
+struct mod_arch_specific {
+#ifdef CONFIG_ORC_UNWINDER
+ unsigned int num_orcs;
+ int *orc_unwind_ip;
+ struct orc_entry *orc_unwind;
+#endif
+};
#ifdef CONFIG_X86_64
/* X86_64 does not define MODULE_PROC_FAMILY */
diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/orc_lookup.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/orc_lookup.h
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..91c8d868424d
--- /dev/null
+++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/orc_lookup.h
@@ -0,0 +1,46 @@
+/*
+ * Copyright (C) 2017 Josh Poimboeuf <jpoimboe@redhat.com>
+ *
+ * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
+ * modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License
+ * as published by the Free Software Foundation; either version 2
+ * of the License, or (at your option) any later version.
+ *
+ * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
+ * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
+ * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the
+ * GNU General Public License for more details.
+ *
+ * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
+ * along with this program; if not, see <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.
+ */
+#ifndef _ORC_LOOKUP_H
+#define _ORC_LOOKUP_H
+
+/*
+ * This is a lookup table for speeding up access to the .orc_unwind table.
+ * Given an input address offset, the corresponding lookup table entry
+ * specifies a subset of the .orc_unwind table to search.
+ *
+ * Each block represents the end of the previous range and the start of the
+ * next range. An extra block is added to give the last range an end.
+ *
+ * The block size should be a power of 2 to avoid a costly 'div' instruction.
+ *
+ * A block size of 256 was chosen because it roughly doubles unwinder
+ * performance while only adding ~5% to the ORC data footprint.
+ */
+#define LOOKUP_BLOCK_ORDER 8
+#define LOOKUP_BLOCK_SIZE (1 << LOOKUP_BLOCK_ORDER)
+
+#ifndef LINKER_SCRIPT
+
+extern unsigned int orc_lookup[];
+extern unsigned int orc_lookup_end[];
+
+#define LOOKUP_START_IP (unsigned long)_stext
+#define LOOKUP_STOP_IP (unsigned long)_etext
+
+#endif /* LINKER_SCRIPT */
+
+#endif /* _ORC_LOOKUP_H */
diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/orc_types.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/orc_types.h
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..9c9dc579bd7d
--- /dev/null
+++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/orc_types.h
@@ -0,0 +1,107 @@
+/*
+ * Copyright (C) 2017 Josh Poimboeuf <jpoimboe@redhat.com>
+ *
+ * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
+ * modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License
+ * as published by the Free Software Foundation; either version 2
+ * of the License, or (at your option) any later version.
+ *
+ * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
+ * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
+ * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the
+ * GNU General Public License for more details.
+ *
+ * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
+ * along with this program; if not, see <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.
+ */
+
+#ifndef _ORC_TYPES_H
+#define _ORC_TYPES_H
+
+#include <linux/types.h>
+#include <linux/compiler.h>
+
+/*
+ * The ORC_REG_* registers are base registers which are used to find other
+ * registers on the stack.
+ *
+ * ORC_REG_PREV_SP, also known as DWARF Call Frame Address (CFA), is the
+ * address of the previous frame: the caller's SP before it called the current
+ * function.
+ *
+ * ORC_REG_UNDEFINED means the corresponding register's value didn't change in
+ * the current frame.
+ *
+ * The most commonly used base registers are SP and BP -- which the previous SP
+ * is usually based on -- and PREV_SP and UNDEFINED -- which the previous BP is
+ * usually based on.
+ *
+ * The rest of the base registers are needed for special cases like entry code
+ * and GCC realigned stacks.
+ */
+#define ORC_REG_UNDEFINED 0
+#define ORC_REG_PREV_SP 1
+#define ORC_REG_DX 2
+#define ORC_REG_DI 3
+#define ORC_REG_BP 4
+#define ORC_REG_SP 5
+#define ORC_REG_R10 6
+#define ORC_REG_R13 7
+#define ORC_REG_BP_INDIRECT 8
+#define ORC_REG_SP_INDIRECT 9
+#define ORC_REG_MAX 15
+
+/*
+ * ORC_TYPE_CALL: Indicates that sp_reg+sp_offset resolves to PREV_SP (the
+ * caller's SP right before it made the call). Used for all callable
+ * functions, i.e. all C code and all callable asm functions.
+ *
+ * ORC_TYPE_REGS: Used in entry code to indicate that sp_reg+sp_offset points
+ * to a fully populated pt_regs from a syscall, interrupt, or exception.
+ *
+ * ORC_TYPE_REGS_IRET: Used in entry code to indicate that sp_reg+sp_offset
+ * points to the iret return frame.
+ *
+ * The UNWIND_HINT macros are used only for the unwind_hint struct. They
+ * aren't used in struct orc_entry due to size and complexity constraints.
+ * Objtool converts them to real types when it converts the hints to orc
+ * entries.
+ */
+#define ORC_TYPE_CALL 0
+#define ORC_TYPE_REGS 1
+#define ORC_TYPE_REGS_IRET 2
+#define UNWIND_HINT_TYPE_SAVE 3
+#define UNWIND_HINT_TYPE_RESTORE 4
+
+#ifndef __ASSEMBLY__
+/*
+ * This struct is more or less a vastly simplified version of the DWARF Call
+ * Frame Information standard. It contains only the necessary parts of DWARF
+ * CFI, simplified for ease of access by the in-kernel unwinder. It tells the
+ * unwinder how to find the previous SP and BP (and sometimes entry regs) on
+ * the stack for a given code address. Each instance of the struct corresponds
+ * to one or more code locations.
+ */
+struct orc_entry {
+ s16 sp_offset;
+ s16 bp_offset;
+ unsigned sp_reg:4;
+ unsigned bp_reg:4;
+ unsigned type:2;
+} __packed;
+
+/*
+ * This struct is used by asm and inline asm code to manually annotate the
+ * location of registers on the stack for the ORC unwinder.
+ *
+ * Type can be either ORC_TYPE_* or UNWIND_HINT_TYPE_*.
+ */
+struct unwind_hint {
+ u32 ip;
+ s16 sp_offset;
+ u8 sp_reg;
+ u8 type;
+};
+#endif /* __ASSEMBLY__ */
+
+#endif /* _ORC_TYPES_H */
diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/processor.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/processor.h
index 028245e1c42b..abc99b9c7ffd 100644
--- a/arch/x86/include/asm/processor.h
+++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/processor.h
@@ -22,6 +22,7 @@ struct vm86;
#include <asm/nops.h>
#include <asm/special_insns.h>
#include <asm/fpu/types.h>
+#include <asm/unwind_hints.h>
#include <linux/personality.h>
#include <linux/cache.h>
@@ -661,7 +662,7 @@ static inline void sync_core(void)
* In case NMI unmasking or performance ever becomes a problem,
* the next best option appears to be MOV-to-CR2 and an
* unconditional jump. That sequence also works on all CPUs,
- * but it will fault at CPL3 (i.e. Xen PV and lguest).
+ * but it will fault at CPL3 (i.e. Xen PV).
*
* CPUID is the conventional way, but it's nasty: it doesn't
* exist on some 486-like CPUs, and it usually exits to a
@@ -684,6 +685,7 @@ static inline void sync_core(void)
unsigned int tmp;
asm volatile (
+ UNWIND_HINT_SAVE
"mov %%ss, %0\n\t"
"pushq %q0\n\t"
"pushq %%rsp\n\t"
@@ -693,6 +695,7 @@ static inline void sync_core(void)
"pushq %q0\n\t"
"pushq $1f\n\t"
"iretq\n\t"
+ UNWIND_HINT_RESTORE
"1:"
: "=&r" (tmp), "+r" (__sp) : : "cc", "memory");
#endif
diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/ptrace.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/ptrace.h
index 2b5d686ea9f3..91c04c8e67fa 100644
--- a/arch/x86/include/asm/ptrace.h
+++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/ptrace.h
@@ -9,6 +9,20 @@
#ifdef __i386__
struct pt_regs {
+ /*
+ * NB: 32-bit x86 CPUs are inconsistent as what happens in the
+ * following cases (where %seg represents a segment register):
+ *
+ * - pushl %seg: some do a 16-bit write and leave the high
+ * bits alone
+ * - movl %seg, [mem]: some do a 16-bit write despite the movl
+ * - IDT entry: some (e.g. 486) will leave the high bits of CS
+ * and (if applicable) SS undefined.
+ *
+ * Fortunately, x86-32 doesn't read the high bits on POP or IRET,
+ * so we can just treat all of the segment registers as 16-bit
+ * values.
+ */
unsigned long bx;
unsigned long cx;
unsigned long dx;
@@ -16,16 +30,22 @@ struct pt_regs {
unsigned long di;
unsigned long bp;
unsigned long ax;
- unsigned long ds;
- unsigned long es;
- unsigned long fs;
- unsigned long gs;
+ unsigned short ds;
+ unsigned short __dsh;
+ unsigned short es;
+ unsigned short __esh;
+ unsigned short fs;
+ unsigned short __fsh;
+ unsigned short gs;
+ unsigned short __gsh;
unsigned long orig_ax;
unsigned long ip;
- unsigned long cs;
+ unsigned short cs;
+ unsigned short __csh;
unsigned long flags;
unsigned long sp;
- unsigned long ss;
+ unsigned short ss;
+ unsigned short __ssh;
};
#else /* __i386__ */
@@ -176,6 +196,17 @@ static inline unsigned long regs_get_register(struct pt_regs *regs,
if (offset == offsetof(struct pt_regs, sp) &&
regs->cs == __KERNEL_CS)
return kernel_stack_pointer(regs);
+
+ /* The selector fields are 16-bit. */
+ if (offset == offsetof(struct pt_regs, cs) ||
+ offset == offsetof(struct pt_regs, ss) ||
+ offset == offsetof(struct pt_regs, ds) ||
+ offset == offsetof(struct pt_regs, es) ||
+ offset == offsetof(struct pt_regs, fs) ||
+ offset == offsetof(struct pt_regs, gs)) {
+ return *(u16 *)((unsigned long)regs + offset);
+
+ }
#endif
return *(unsigned long *)((unsigned long)regs + offset);
}
diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/rmwcc.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/rmwcc.h
index 661dd305694a..045f99211a99 100644
--- a/arch/x86/include/asm/rmwcc.h
+++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/rmwcc.h
@@ -1,45 +1,56 @@
#ifndef _ASM_X86_RMWcc
#define _ASM_X86_RMWcc
+#define __CLOBBERS_MEM "memory"
+#define __CLOBBERS_MEM_CC_CX "memory", "cc", "cx"
+
#if !defined(__GCC_ASM_FLAG_OUTPUTS__) && defined(CC_HAVE_ASM_GOTO)
/* Use asm goto */
-#define __GEN_RMWcc(fullop, var, cc, ...) \
+#define __GEN_RMWcc(fullop, var, cc, clobbers, ...) \
do { \
asm_volatile_goto (fullop "; j" #cc " %l[cc_label]" \
- : : "m" (var), ## __VA_ARGS__ \
- : "memory" : cc_label); \
+ : : [counter] "m" (var), ## __VA_ARGS__ \
+ : clobbers : cc_label); \
return 0; \
cc_label: \
return 1; \
} while (0)
-#define GEN_UNARY_RMWcc(op, var, arg0, cc) \
- __GEN_RMWcc(op " " arg0, var, cc)
+#define __BINARY_RMWcc_ARG " %1, "
-#define GEN_BINARY_RMWcc(op, var, vcon, val, arg0, cc) \
- __GEN_RMWcc(op " %1, " arg0, var, cc, vcon (val))
#else /* defined(__GCC_ASM_FLAG_OUTPUTS__) || !defined(CC_HAVE_ASM_GOTO) */
/* Use flags output or a set instruction */
-#define __GEN_RMWcc(fullop, var, cc, ...) \
+#define __GEN_RMWcc(fullop, var, cc, clobbers, ...) \
do { \
bool c; \
asm volatile (fullop ";" CC_SET(cc) \
- : "+m" (var), CC_OUT(cc) (c) \
- : __VA_ARGS__ : "memory"); \
+ : [counter] "+m" (var), CC_OUT(cc) (c) \
+ : __VA_ARGS__ : clobbers); \
return c; \
} while (0)
+#define __BINARY_RMWcc_ARG " %2, "
+
+#endif /* defined(__GCC_ASM_FLAG_OUTPUTS__) || !defined(CC_HAVE_ASM_GOTO) */
+
#define GEN_UNARY_RMWcc(op, var, arg0, cc) \
- __GEN_RMWcc(op " " arg0, var, cc)
+ __GEN_RMWcc(op " " arg0, var, cc, __CLOBBERS_MEM)
+
+#define GEN_UNARY_SUFFIXED_RMWcc(op, suffix, var, arg0, cc) \
+ __GEN_RMWcc(op " " arg0 "\n\t" suffix, var, cc, \
+ __CLOBBERS_MEM_CC_CX)
#define GEN_BINARY_RMWcc(op, var, vcon, val, arg0, cc) \
- __GEN_RMWcc(op " %2, " arg0, var, cc, vcon (val))
+ __GEN_RMWcc(op __BINARY_RMWcc_ARG arg0, var, cc, \
+ __CLOBBERS_MEM, vcon (val))
-#endif /* defined(__GCC_ASM_FLAG_OUTPUTS__) || !defined(CC_HAVE_ASM_GOTO) */
+#define GEN_BINARY_SUFFIXED_RMWcc(op, suffix, var, vcon, val, arg0, cc) \
+ __GEN_RMWcc(op __BINARY_RMWcc_ARG arg0 "\n\t" suffix, var, cc, \
+ __CLOBBERS_MEM_CC_CX, vcon (val))
#endif /* _ASM_X86_RMWcc */
diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/unwind.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/unwind.h
index e6676495b125..e9f793e2df7a 100644
--- a/arch/x86/include/asm/unwind.h
+++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/unwind.h
@@ -12,11 +12,14 @@ struct unwind_state {
struct task_struct *task;
int graph_idx;
bool error;
-#ifdef CONFIG_FRAME_POINTER
+#if defined(CONFIG_ORC_UNWINDER)
+ bool signal, full_regs;
+ unsigned long sp, bp, ip;
+ struct pt_regs *regs;
+#elif defined(CONFIG_FRAME_POINTER_UNWINDER)
bool got_irq;
- unsigned long *bp, *orig_sp;
+ unsigned long *bp, *orig_sp, ip;
struct pt_regs *regs;
- unsigned long ip;
#else
unsigned long *sp;
#endif
@@ -24,41 +27,30 @@ struct unwind_state {
void __unwind_start(struct unwind_state *state, struct task_struct *task,
struct pt_regs *regs, unsigned long *first_frame);
-
bool unwind_next_frame(struct unwind_state *state);
-
unsigned long unwind_get_return_address(struct unwind_state *state);
+unsigned long *unwind_get_return_address_ptr(struct unwind_state *state);
static inline bool unwind_done(struct unwind_state *state)
{
return state->stack_info.type == STACK_TYPE_UNKNOWN;
}
-static inline
-void unwind_start(struct unwind_state *state, struct task_struct *task,
- struct pt_regs *regs, unsigned long *first_frame)
-{
- first_frame = first_frame ? : get_stack_pointer(task, regs);
-
- __unwind_start(state, task, regs, first_frame);
-}
-
static inline bool unwind_error(struct unwind_state *state)
{
return state->error;
}
-#ifdef CONFIG_FRAME_POINTER
-
static inline
-unsigned long *unwind_get_return_address_ptr(struct unwind_state *state)
+void unwind_start(struct unwind_state *state, struct task_struct *task,
+ struct pt_regs *regs, unsigned long *first_frame)
{
- if (unwind_done(state))
- return NULL;
+ first_frame = first_frame ? : get_stack_pointer(task, regs);
- return state->regs ? &state->regs->ip : state->bp + 1;
+ __unwind_start(state, task, regs, first_frame);
}
+#if defined(CONFIG_ORC_UNWINDER) || defined(CONFIG_FRAME_POINTER_UNWINDER)
static inline struct pt_regs *unwind_get_entry_regs(struct unwind_state *state)
{
if (unwind_done(state))
@@ -66,20 +58,46 @@ static inline struct pt_regs *unwind_get_entry_regs(struct unwind_state *state)
return state->regs;
}
-
-#else /* !CONFIG_FRAME_POINTER */
-
-static inline
-unsigned long *unwind_get_return_address_ptr(struct unwind_state *state)
+#else
+static inline struct pt_regs *unwind_get_entry_regs(struct unwind_state *state)
{
return NULL;
}
+#endif
-static inline struct pt_regs *unwind_get_entry_regs(struct unwind_state *state)
+#ifdef CONFIG_ORC_UNWINDER
+void unwind_init(void);
+void unwind_module_init(struct module *mod, void *orc_ip, size_t orc_ip_size,
+ void *orc, size_t orc_size);
+#else
+static inline void unwind_init(void) {}
+static inline
+void unwind_module_init(struct module *mod, void *orc_ip, size_t orc_ip_size,
+ void *orc, size_t orc_size) {}
+#endif
+
+/*
+ * This disables KASAN checking when reading a value from another task's stack,
+ * since the other task could be running on another CPU and could have poisoned
+ * the stack in the meantime.
+ */
+#define READ_ONCE_TASK_STACK(task, x) \
+({ \
+ unsigned long val; \
+ if (task == current) \
+ val = READ_ONCE(x); \
+ else \
+ val = READ_ONCE_NOCHECK(x); \
+ val; \
+})
+
+static inline bool task_on_another_cpu(struct task_struct *task)
{
- return NULL;
+#ifdef CONFIG_SMP
+ return task != current && task->on_cpu;
+#else
+ return false;
+#endif
}
-#endif /* CONFIG_FRAME_POINTER */
-
#endif /* _ASM_X86_UNWIND_H */
diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/unwind_hints.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/unwind_hints.h
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..bae46fc6b9de
--- /dev/null
+++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/unwind_hints.h
@@ -0,0 +1,105 @@
+#ifndef _ASM_X86_UNWIND_HINTS_H
+#define _ASM_X86_UNWIND_HINTS_H
+
+#include "orc_types.h"
+
+#ifdef __ASSEMBLY__
+
+/*
+ * In asm, there are two kinds of code: normal C-type callable functions and
+ * the rest. The normal callable functions can be called by other code, and
+ * don't do anything unusual with the stack. Such normal callable functions
+ * are annotated with the ENTRY/ENDPROC macros. Most asm code falls in this
+ * category. In this case, no special debugging annotations are needed because
+ * objtool can automatically generate the ORC data for the ORC unwinder to read
+ * at runtime.
+ *
+ * Anything which doesn't fall into the above category, such as syscall and
+ * interrupt handlers, tends to not be called directly by other functions, and
+ * often does unusual non-C-function-type things with the stack pointer. Such
+ * code needs to be annotated such that objtool can understand it. The
+ * following CFI hint macros are for this type of code.
+ *
+ * These macros provide hints to objtool about the state of the stack at each
+ * instruction. Objtool starts from the hints and follows the code flow,
+ * making automatic CFI adjustments when it sees pushes and pops, filling out
+ * the debuginfo as necessary. It will also warn if it sees any
+ * inconsistencies.
+ */
+.macro UNWIND_HINT sp_reg=ORC_REG_SP sp_offset=0 type=ORC_TYPE_CALL
+#ifdef CONFIG_STACK_VALIDATION
+.Lunwind_hint_ip_\@:
+ .pushsection .discard.unwind_hints
+ /* struct unwind_hint */
+ .long .Lunwind_hint_ip_\@ - .
+ .short \sp_offset
+ .byte \sp_reg
+ .byte \type
+ .popsection
+#endif
+.endm
+
+.macro UNWIND_HINT_EMPTY
+ UNWIND_HINT sp_reg=ORC_REG_UNDEFINED
+.endm
+
+.macro UNWIND_HINT_REGS base=%rsp offset=0 indirect=0 extra=1 iret=0
+ .if \base == %rsp
+ .if \indirect
+ .set sp_reg, ORC_REG_SP_INDIRECT
+ .else
+ .set sp_reg, ORC_REG_SP
+ .endif
+ .elseif \base == %rbp
+ .set sp_reg, ORC_REG_BP
+ .elseif \base == %rdi
+ .set sp_reg, ORC_REG_DI
+ .elseif \base == %rdx
+ .set sp_reg, ORC_REG_DX
+ .elseif \base == %r10
+ .set sp_reg, ORC_REG_R10
+ .else
+ .error "UNWIND_HINT_REGS: bad base register"
+ .endif
+
+ .set sp_offset, \offset
+
+ .if \iret
+ .set type, ORC_TYPE_REGS_IRET
+ .elseif \extra == 0
+ .set type, ORC_TYPE_REGS_IRET
+ .set sp_offset, \offset + (16*8)
+ .else
+ .set type, ORC_TYPE_REGS
+ .endif
+
+ UNWIND_HINT sp_reg=sp_reg sp_offset=sp_offset type=type
+.endm
+
+.macro UNWIND_HINT_IRET_REGS base=%rsp offset=0
+ UNWIND_HINT_REGS base=\base offset=\offset iret=1
+.endm
+
+.macro UNWIND_HINT_FUNC sp_offset=8
+ UNWIND_HINT sp_offset=\sp_offset
+.endm
+
+#else /* !__ASSEMBLY__ */
+
+#define UNWIND_HINT(sp_reg, sp_offset, type) \
+ "987: \n\t" \
+ ".pushsection .discard.unwind_hints\n\t" \
+ /* struct unwind_hint */ \
+ ".long 987b - .\n\t" \
+ ".short " __stringify(sp_offset) "\n\t" \
+ ".byte " __stringify(sp_reg) "\n\t" \
+ ".byte " __stringify(type) "\n\t" \
+ ".popsection\n\t"
+
+#define UNWIND_HINT_SAVE UNWIND_HINT(0, 0, UNWIND_HINT_TYPE_SAVE)
+
+#define UNWIND_HINT_RESTORE UNWIND_HINT(0, 0, UNWIND_HINT_TYPE_RESTORE)
+
+#endif /* __ASSEMBLY__ */
+
+#endif /* _ASM_X86_UNWIND_HINTS_H */

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