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authorIngo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>2017-01-29 12:56:13 +0100
committerIngo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>2017-01-29 13:39:32 +0100
commit7410aa1ca377aa8c5ed340647b5228e7b5d0494a (patch)
tree385c54976772eac5e25c8de72682e722d6f2f6a2 /arch
parentc5231a57eb406c70a96f8e515abc49daa0af697b (diff)
x86/boot/e820: Separate the E820 ABI structures from the in-kernel structures
Linus pointed out that relying on the compiler to pack structures with enums is fragile not just for the kernel, but for external tooling as well which might rely on our UAPI headers. So separate the two from each other: introduce 'struct boot_e820_entry', which is the boot protocol entry format. This actually simplifies the code, as e820__update_table() is now never called directly with boot protocol table entries - we can rely on append_e820_table() and do a e820__update_table() call afterwards. ( This will allow further simplifications of __e820__update_table(), but that will be done in a separate patch. ) This change also has the side effect of not modifying the bootparams structure anymore - which might be useful for debugging. In theory we could even constify the boot_params structure - at least from the E820 code's point of view. Remove the uapi/asm/e820/types.h file, as it's not used anymore - all kernel side E820 types are defined in asm/e820/types.h. Reported-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org> Cc: Alex Thorlton <athorlton@sgi.com> Cc: Andy Lutomirski <luto@kernel.org> Cc: Borislav Petkov <bp@alien8.de> Cc: Brian Gerst <brgerst@gmail.com> Cc: Dan Williams <dan.j.williams@intel.com> Cc: Denys Vlasenko <dvlasenk@redhat.com> Cc: H. Peter Anvin <hpa@zytor.com> Cc: Huang, Ying <ying.huang@intel.com> Cc: Josh Poimboeuf <jpoimboe@redhat.com> Cc: Juergen Gross <jgross@suse.com> Cc: Paul Jackson <pj@sgi.com> Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org> Cc: Rafael J. Wysocki <rjw@sisk.pl> Cc: Tejun Heo <tj@kernel.org> Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de> Cc: Wei Yang <richard.weiyang@gmail.com> Cc: Yinghai Lu <yinghai@kernel.org> Cc: linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>
Diffstat (limited to 'arch')
-rw-r--r--arch/x86/boot/compressed/eboot.c16
-rw-r--r--arch/x86/boot/compressed/kaslr.c2
-rw-r--r--arch/x86/boot/memory.c4
-rw-r--r--arch/x86/include/asm/e820/types.h48
-rw-r--r--arch/x86/include/uapi/asm/bootparam.h18
-rw-r--r--arch/x86/include/uapi/asm/e820/types.h55
-rw-r--r--arch/x86/kernel/e820.c20
7 files changed, 83 insertions, 80 deletions
diff --git a/arch/x86/boot/compressed/eboot.c b/arch/x86/boot/compressed/eboot.c
index 4cfba2f79dfd..a6099d7c39f6 100644
--- a/arch/x86/boot/compressed/eboot.c
+++ b/arch/x86/boot/compressed/eboot.c
@@ -900,7 +900,7 @@ static void add_e820ext(struct boot_params *params,
unsigned long size;
e820ext->type = SETUP_E820_EXT;
- e820ext->len = nr_entries * sizeof(struct e820_entry);
+ e820ext->len = nr_entries * sizeof(struct boot_e820_entry);
e820ext->next = 0;
data = (struct setup_data *)(unsigned long)params->hdr.setup_data;
@@ -917,9 +917,9 @@ static void add_e820ext(struct boot_params *params,
static efi_status_t setup_e820(struct boot_params *params,
struct setup_data *e820ext, u32 e820ext_size)
{
- struct e820_entry *e820_table = &params->e820_table[0];
+ struct boot_e820_entry *entry = params->e820_table;
struct efi_info *efi = &params->efi_info;
- struct e820_entry *prev = NULL;
+ struct boot_e820_entry *prev = NULL;
u32 nr_entries;
u32 nr_desc;
int i;
@@ -990,13 +990,13 @@ static efi_status_t setup_e820(struct boot_params *params,
return EFI_BUFFER_TOO_SMALL;
/* boot_params map full, switch to e820 extended */
- e820_table = (struct e820_entry *)e820ext->data;
+ entry = (struct boot_e820_entry *)e820ext->data;
}
- e820_table->addr = d->phys_addr;
- e820_table->size = d->num_pages << PAGE_SHIFT;
- e820_table->type = e820_type;
- prev = e820_table++;
+ entry->addr = d->phys_addr;
+ entry->size = d->num_pages << PAGE_SHIFT;
+ entry->type = e820_type;
+ prev = entry++;
nr_entries++;
}
diff --git a/arch/x86/boot/compressed/kaslr.c b/arch/x86/boot/compressed/kaslr.c
index e8155eab5474..6d9a546ec7ae 100644
--- a/arch/x86/boot/compressed/kaslr.c
+++ b/arch/x86/boot/compressed/kaslr.c
@@ -426,7 +426,7 @@ static unsigned long slots_fetch_random(void)
return 0;
}
-static void process_e820_entry(struct e820_entry *entry,
+static void process_e820_entry(struct boot_e820_entry *entry,
unsigned long minimum,
unsigned long image_size)
{
diff --git a/arch/x86/boot/memory.c b/arch/x86/boot/memory.c
index db62445b75aa..d9c28c87e477 100644
--- a/arch/x86/boot/memory.c
+++ b/arch/x86/boot/memory.c
@@ -21,8 +21,8 @@ static int detect_memory_e820(void)
{
int count = 0;
struct biosregs ireg, oreg;
- struct e820_entry *desc = boot_params.e820_table;
- static struct e820_entry buf; /* static so it is zeroed */
+ struct boot_e820_entry *desc = boot_params.e820_table;
+ static struct boot_e820_entry buf; /* static so it is zeroed */
initregs(&ireg);
ireg.ax = 0xe820;
diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/e820/types.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/e820/types.h
index cf6074f8d563..4adeed03a9a1 100644
--- a/arch/x86/include/asm/e820/types.h
+++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/e820/types.h
@@ -1,7 +1,53 @@
#ifndef _ASM_E820_TYPES_H
#define _ASM_E820_TYPES_H
-#include <uapi/asm/e820/types.h>
+#include <uapi/asm/bootparam.h>
+
+/*
+ * These are the E820 types known to the kernel:
+ */
+enum e820_type {
+ E820_TYPE_RAM = 1,
+ E820_TYPE_RESERVED = 2,
+ E820_TYPE_ACPI = 3,
+ E820_TYPE_NVS = 4,
+ E820_TYPE_UNUSABLE = 5,
+ E820_TYPE_PMEM = 7,
+
+ /*
+ * This is a non-standardized way to represent ADR or
+ * NVDIMM regions that persist over a reboot.
+ *
+ * The kernel will ignore their special capabilities
+ * unless the CONFIG_X86_PMEM_LEGACY=y option is set.
+ *
+ * ( Note that older platforms also used 6 for the same
+ * type of memory, but newer versions switched to 12 as
+ * 6 was assigned differently. Some time they will learn... )
+ */
+ E820_TYPE_PRAM = 12,
+
+ /*
+ * Reserved RAM used by the kernel itself if
+ * CONFIG_INTEL_TXT=y is enabled, memory of this type
+ * will be included in the S3 integrity calculation
+ * and so should not include any memory that the BIOS
+ * might alter over the S3 transition:
+ */
+ E820_TYPE_RESERVED_KERN = 128,
+};
+
+/*
+ * A single E820 map entry, describing a memory range of [addr...addr+size-1],
+ * of 'type' memory type:
+ *
+ * (We pack it because there can be thousands of them on large systems.)
+ */
+struct e820_entry {
+ u64 addr;
+ u64 size;
+ enum e820_type type;
+} __attribute__((packed));
/*
* The legacy E820 BIOS limits us to 128 (E820_MAX_ENTRIES_ZEROPAGE) nodes
diff --git a/arch/x86/include/uapi/asm/bootparam.h b/arch/x86/include/uapi/asm/bootparam.h
index 7f04c45aa429..2a5fd6bb0601 100644
--- a/arch/x86/include/uapi/asm/bootparam.h
+++ b/arch/x86/include/uapi/asm/bootparam.h
@@ -34,7 +34,6 @@
#include <linux/screen_info.h>
#include <linux/apm_bios.h>
#include <linux/edd.h>
-#include <uapi/asm/e820/types.h>
#include <asm/ist.h>
#include <video/edid.h>
@@ -111,6 +110,21 @@ struct efi_info {
__u32 efi_memmap_hi;
};
+/*
+ * This is the maximum number of entries in struct boot_params::e820_table
+ * (the zeropage), which is part of the x86 boot protocol ABI:
+ */
+#define E820_MAX_ENTRIES_ZEROPAGE 128
+
+/*
+ * The E820 memory region entry of the boot protocol ABI:
+ */
+struct boot_e820_entry {
+ __u64 addr;
+ __u64 size;
+ __u32 type;
+} __attribute__((packed));
+
/* The so-called "zeropage" */
struct boot_params {
struct screen_info screen_info; /* 0x000 */
@@ -152,7 +166,7 @@ struct boot_params {
struct setup_header hdr; /* setup header */ /* 0x1f1 */
__u8 _pad7[0x290-0x1f1-sizeof(struct setup_header)];
__u32 edd_mbr_sig_buffer[EDD_MBR_SIG_MAX]; /* 0x290 */
- struct e820_entry e820_table[E820_MAX_ENTRIES_ZEROPAGE]; /* 0x2d0 */
+ struct boot_e820_entry e820_table[E820_MAX_ENTRIES_ZEROPAGE]; /* 0x2d0 */
__u8 _pad8[48]; /* 0xcd0 */
struct edd_info eddbuf[EDDMAXNR]; /* 0xd00 */
__u8 _pad9[276]; /* 0xeec */
diff --git a/arch/x86/include/uapi/asm/e820/types.h b/arch/x86/include/uapi/asm/e820/types.h
deleted file mode 100644
index 3ac962f724f5..000000000000
--- a/arch/x86/include/uapi/asm/e820/types.h
+++ /dev/null
@@ -1,55 +0,0 @@
-#ifndef _UAPI_ASM_E820_TYPES_H
-#define _UAPI_ASM_E820_TYPES_H
-
-/*
- * This is the maximum number of entries in struct boot_params::e820_table (the zeropage),
- * which is part of the x86 boot protocol ABI:
- */
-#define E820_MAX_ENTRIES_ZEROPAGE 128
-
-#ifndef __ASSEMBLY__
-
-enum e820_type {
- E820_TYPE_RAM = 1,
- E820_TYPE_RESERVED = 2,
- E820_TYPE_ACPI = 3,
- E820_TYPE_NVS = 4,
- E820_TYPE_UNUSABLE = 5,
- E820_TYPE_PMEM = 7,
-
- /*
- * This is a non-standardized way to represent ADR or
- * NVDIMM regions that persist over a reboot.
- *
- * The kernel will ignore their special capabilities
- * unless the CONFIG_X86_PMEM_LEGACY=y option is set.
- *
- * ( Note that older platforms also used 6 for the same
- * type of memory, but newer versions switched to 12 as
- * 6 was assigned differently. Some time they will learn... )
- */
- E820_TYPE_PRAM = 12,
-
- /*
- * Reserved RAM used by the kernel itself if
- * CONFIG_INTEL_TXT=y is enabled, memory of this type
- * will be included in the S3 integrity calculation
- * and so should not include any memory that the BIOS
- * might alter over the S3 transition:
- */
- E820_TYPE_RESERVED_KERN = 128,
-};
-
-/*
- * A single E820 map entry, describing a memory range of [addr...addr+size-1],
- * of 'type' memory type:
- */
-struct e820_entry {
- __u64 addr;
- __u64 size;
- enum e820_type type;
-} __attribute__((packed));
-
-#endif /* __ASSEMBLY__ */
-
-#endif /* _UAPI_ASM_E820_TYPES_H */
diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/e820.c b/arch/x86/kernel/e820.c
index 20834a81854e..2da2f7238a72 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/e820.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/e820.c
@@ -366,9 +366,9 @@ int __init e820__update_table(struct e820_table *table)
return __e820__update_table(table->entries, ARRAY_SIZE(table->entries), &table->nr_entries);
}
-static int __init __append_e820_table(struct e820_entry *entries, u32 nr_entries)
+static int __init __append_e820_table(struct boot_e820_entry *entries, u32 nr_entries)
{
- struct e820_entry *entry = entries;
+ struct boot_e820_entry *entry = entries;
while (nr_entries) {
u64 start = entry->addr;
@@ -397,7 +397,7 @@ static int __init __append_e820_table(struct e820_entry *entries, u32 nr_entries
* will have given us a memory map that we can use to properly
* set up memory. If we aren't, we'll fake a memory map.
*/
-static int __init append_e820_table(struct e820_entry *entries, u32 nr_entries)
+static int __init append_e820_table(struct boot_e820_entry *entries, u32 nr_entries)
{
/* Only one memory region (or negative)? Ignore it */
if (nr_entries < 2)
@@ -668,12 +668,12 @@ __init void e820__reallocate_tables(void)
void __init e820__memory_setup_extended(u64 phys_addr, u32 data_len)
{
int entries;
- struct e820_entry *extmap;
+ struct boot_e820_entry *extmap;
struct setup_data *sdata;
sdata = early_memremap(phys_addr, data_len);
entries = sdata->len / sizeof(*extmap);
- extmap = (struct e820_entry *)(sdata->data);
+ extmap = (struct boot_e820_entry *)(sdata->data);
__append_e820_table(extmap, entries);
e820__update_table(e820_table);
@@ -1140,7 +1140,6 @@ void __init e820__reserve_resources_late(void)
char *__init e820__memory_setup_default(void)
{
char *who = "BIOS-e820";
- u32 new_nr;
/*
* Try to copy the BIOS-supplied E820-map.
@@ -1148,10 +1147,6 @@ char *__init e820__memory_setup_default(void)
* Otherwise fake a memory map; one section from 0k->640k,
* the next section from 1mb->appropriate_mem_k
*/
- new_nr = boot_params.e820_entries;
- __e820__update_table(boot_params.e820_table, ARRAY_SIZE(boot_params.e820_table), &new_nr);
- boot_params.e820_entries = new_nr;
-
if (append_e820_table(boot_params.e820_table, boot_params.e820_entries) < 0) {
u64 mem_size;
@@ -1169,6 +1164,9 @@ char *__init e820__memory_setup_default(void)
e820__range_add(HIGH_MEMORY, mem_size << 10, E820_TYPE_RAM);
}
+ /* We just appended a lot of ranges, sanitize the table: */
+ e820__update_table(e820_table);
+
return who;
}
@@ -1182,7 +1180,7 @@ void __init e820__memory_setup(void)
char *who;
/* This is a firmware interface ABI - make sure we don't break it: */
- BUILD_BUG_ON(sizeof(struct e820_entry) != 20);
+ BUILD_BUG_ON(sizeof(struct boot_e820_entry) != 20);
who = x86_init.resources.memory_setup();

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