path: root/kernel/panic.c
diff options
authorWill Deacon <will@kernel.org>2019-10-06 17:58:00 -0700
committerLinus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>2019-10-07 15:47:19 -0700
commit20bb759a66be52cf4a9ddd17fddaf509e11490cd (patch)
tree9b2468c3f5311f60a3b9c8e7c5f3a5047b26600a /kernel/panic.c
parent2abb7d3b12d007c30193f48bebed781009bebdd2 (diff)
panic: ensure preemption is disabled during panic()
Calling 'panic()' on a kernel with CONFIG_PREEMPT=y can leave the calling CPU in an infinite loop, but with interrupts and preemption enabled. From this state, userspace can continue to be scheduled, despite the system being "dead" as far as the kernel is concerned. This is easily reproducible on arm64 when booting with "nosmp" on the command line; a couple of shell scripts print out a periodic "Ping" message whilst another triggers a crash by writing to /proc/sysrq-trigger: | sysrq: Trigger a crash | Kernel panic - not syncing: sysrq triggered crash | CPU: 0 PID: 1 Comm: init Not tainted 5.2.15 #1 | Hardware name: linux,dummy-virt (DT) | Call trace: | dump_backtrace+0x0/0x148 | show_stack+0x14/0x20 | dump_stack+0xa0/0xc4 | panic+0x140/0x32c | sysrq_handle_reboot+0x0/0x20 | __handle_sysrq+0x124/0x190 | write_sysrq_trigger+0x64/0x88 | proc_reg_write+0x60/0xa8 | __vfs_write+0x18/0x40 | vfs_write+0xa4/0x1b8 | ksys_write+0x64/0xf0 | __arm64_sys_write+0x14/0x20 | el0_svc_common.constprop.0+0xb0/0x168 | el0_svc_handler+0x28/0x78 | el0_svc+0x8/0xc | Kernel Offset: disabled | CPU features: 0x0002,24002004 | Memory Limit: none | ---[ end Kernel panic - not syncing: sysrq triggered crash ]--- | Ping 2! | Ping 1! | Ping 1! | Ping 2! The issue can also be triggered on x86 kernels if CONFIG_SMP=n, otherwise local interrupts are disabled in 'smp_send_stop()'. Disable preemption in 'panic()' before re-enabling interrupts. Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20191002123538.22609-1-will@kernel.org Link: https://lore.kernel.org/r/BX1W47JXPMR8.58IYW53H6M5N@dragonstone Signed-off-by: Will Deacon <will@kernel.org> Reported-by: Xogium <contact@xogium.me> Reviewed-by: Kees Cook <keescook@chromium.org> Cc: Russell King <linux@armlinux.org.uk> Cc: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org> Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@redhat.com> Cc: Petr Mladek <pmladek@suse.com> Cc: Feng Tang <feng.tang@intel.com> Cc: <stable@vger.kernel.org> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
Diffstat (limited to 'kernel/panic.c')
1 files changed, 1 insertions, 0 deletions
diff --git a/kernel/panic.c b/kernel/panic.c
index 47e8ebccc22b..f470a038b05b 100644
--- a/kernel/panic.c
+++ b/kernel/panic.c
@@ -180,6 +180,7 @@ void panic(const char *fmt, ...)
* after setting panic_cpu) from invoking panic() again.
+ preempt_disable_notrace();
* It's possible to come here directly from a panic-assertion and

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