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authorSteven Rostedt (VMware) <rostedt@goodmis.org>2021-07-07 17:36:24 -0400
committerSteven Rostedt (VMware) <rostedt@goodmis.org>2021-08-16 11:37:20 -0400
commitde9a48a360b70d5318061cf1237431d1869555e4 (patch)
tree0d6aec3e15b3aadfdac4d04944731496ebfc6962 /kernel/trace
parent6fe7c745f2acb73e4cc961d7f91125eef5a8861f (diff)
tracing: Add linear buckets to histogram logic
There's been several times I wished the histogram logic had a "grouping" feature for the buckets. Currently, each bucket has a size of one. That is, if you trace the amount of requested allocations, each allocation is its own bucket, even if you are interested in what allocates 100 bytes or less, 100 to 200, 200 to 300, etc. Also, without grouping, it fills up the allocated histogram buckets quickly. If you are tracking latency, and don't care if something is 200 microseconds off, or 201 microseconds off, but want to track them by say 10 microseconds each. This can not currently be done. There is a log2 but that grouping get's too big too fast for a lot of cases. Introduce a "buckets=SIZE" command to each field where it will record in a rounded number. For example: ># echo 'hist:keys=bytes_req.buckets=100:sort=bytes_req' > events/kmem/kmalloc/trigger ># cat events/kmem/kmalloc/hist # event histogram # # trigger info: hist:keys=bytes_req.buckets=100:vals=hitcount:sort=bytes_req.buckets=100:size=2048 [active] # { bytes_req: ~ 0-99 } hitcount: 3149 { bytes_req: ~ 100-199 } hitcount: 1468 { bytes_req: ~ 200-299 } hitcount: 39 { bytes_req: ~ 300-399 } hitcount: 306 { bytes_req: ~ 400-499 } hitcount: 364 { bytes_req: ~ 500-599 } hitcount: 32 { bytes_req: ~ 600-699 } hitcount: 69 { bytes_req: ~ 700-799 } hitcount: 37 { bytes_req: ~ 1200-1299 } hitcount: 16 { bytes_req: ~ 1400-1499 } hitcount: 30 { bytes_req: ~ 2000-2099 } hitcount: 6 { bytes_req: ~ 4000-4099 } hitcount: 2168 { bytes_req: ~ 5000-5099 } hitcount: 6 Totals: Hits: 7690 Entries: 13 Dropped: 0 Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20210707213921.980359719@goodmis.org Acked-by: Namhyung Kim <namhyung@kernel.org> Reviewed-by: Tom Zanussi <zanussi@kernel.org> Reviewed-by: Masami Hiramatsu <mhiramat@kernel.org> Tested-by: Daniel Bristot de Oliveira <bristot@kernel.org> Signed-off-by: Steven Rostedt (VMware) <rostedt@goodmis.org>
Diffstat (limited to 'kernel/trace')
-rw-r--r--kernel/trace/trace_events_hist.c65
1 files changed, 58 insertions, 7 deletions
diff --git a/kernel/trace/trace_events_hist.c b/kernel/trace/trace_events_hist.c
index a48aa2a2875b..8e87c4a429fd 100644
--- a/kernel/trace/trace_events_hist.c
+++ b/kernel/trace/trace_events_hist.c
@@ -121,6 +121,7 @@ struct hist_field {
unsigned int size;
unsigned int offset;
unsigned int is_signed;
+ unsigned long buckets;
const char *type;
struct hist_field *operands[HIST_FIELD_OPERANDS_MAX];
struct hist_trigger_data *hist_data;
@@ -219,6 +220,27 @@ static u64 hist_field_log2(struct hist_field *hist_field,
return (u64) ilog2(roundup_pow_of_two(val));
}
+static u64 hist_field_bucket(struct hist_field *hist_field,
+ struct tracing_map_elt *elt,
+ struct trace_buffer *buffer,
+ struct ring_buffer_event *rbe,
+ void *event)
+{
+ struct hist_field *operand = hist_field->operands[0];
+ unsigned long buckets = hist_field->buckets;
+
+ u64 val = operand->fn(operand, elt, buffer, rbe, event);
+
+ if (WARN_ON_ONCE(!buckets))
+ return val;
+
+ if (val >= LONG_MAX)
+ val = div64_ul(val, buckets);
+ else
+ val = (u64)((unsigned long)val / buckets);
+ return val * buckets;
+}
+
static u64 hist_field_plus(struct hist_field *hist_field,
struct tracing_map_elt *elt,
struct trace_buffer *buffer,
@@ -318,6 +340,7 @@ enum hist_field_flags {
HIST_FIELD_FL_VAR_REF = 1 << 14,
HIST_FIELD_FL_CPU = 1 << 15,
HIST_FIELD_FL_ALIAS = 1 << 16,
+ HIST_FIELD_FL_BUCKET = 1 << 17,
};
struct var_defs {
@@ -1109,7 +1132,8 @@ static const char *hist_field_name(struct hist_field *field,
if (field->field)
field_name = field->field->name;
else if (field->flags & HIST_FIELD_FL_LOG2 ||
- field->flags & HIST_FIELD_FL_ALIAS)
+ field->flags & HIST_FIELD_FL_ALIAS ||
+ field->flags & HIST_FIELD_FL_BUCKET)
field_name = hist_field_name(field->operands[0], ++level);
else if (field->flags & HIST_FIELD_FL_CPU)
field_name = "common_cpu";
@@ -1470,6 +1494,8 @@ static const char *get_hist_field_flags(struct hist_field *hist_field)
flags_str = "syscall";
else if (hist_field->flags & HIST_FIELD_FL_LOG2)
flags_str = "log2";
+ else if (hist_field->flags & HIST_FIELD_FL_BUCKET)
+ flags_str = "buckets";
else if (hist_field->flags & HIST_FIELD_FL_TIMESTAMP_USECS)
flags_str = "usecs";
@@ -1658,9 +1684,10 @@ static struct hist_field *create_hist_field(struct hist_trigger_data *hist_data,
goto out;
}
- if (flags & HIST_FIELD_FL_LOG2) {
- unsigned long fl = flags & ~HIST_FIELD_FL_LOG2;
- hist_field->fn = hist_field_log2;
+ if (flags & (HIST_FIELD_FL_LOG2 | HIST_FIELD_FL_BUCKET)) {
+ unsigned long fl = flags & ~(HIST_FIELD_FL_LOG2 | HIST_FIELD_FL_BUCKET);
+ hist_field->fn = flags & HIST_FIELD_FL_LOG2 ? hist_field_log2 :
+ hist_field_bucket;
hist_field->operands[0] = create_hist_field(hist_data, field, fl, NULL);
hist_field->size = hist_field->operands[0]->size;
hist_field->type = kstrdup(hist_field->operands[0]->type, GFP_KERNEL);
@@ -1953,7 +1980,7 @@ static struct hist_field *parse_var_ref(struct hist_trigger_data *hist_data,
static struct ftrace_event_field *
parse_field(struct hist_trigger_data *hist_data, struct trace_event_file *file,
- char *field_str, unsigned long *flags)
+ char *field_str, unsigned long *flags, unsigned long *buckets)
{
struct ftrace_event_field *field = NULL;
char *field_name, *modifier, *str;
@@ -1980,7 +2007,22 @@ parse_field(struct hist_trigger_data *hist_data, struct trace_event_file *file,
*flags |= HIST_FIELD_FL_LOG2;
else if (strcmp(modifier, "usecs") == 0)
*flags |= HIST_FIELD_FL_TIMESTAMP_USECS;
- else {
+ else if (strncmp(modifier, "bucket", 6) == 0) {
+ int ret;
+
+ modifier += 6;
+
+ if (*modifier == 's')
+ modifier++;
+ if (*modifier != '=')
+ goto error;
+ modifier++;
+ ret = kstrtoul(modifier, 0, buckets);
+ if (ret || !(*buckets))
+ goto error;
+ *flags |= HIST_FIELD_FL_BUCKET;
+ } else {
+ error:
hist_err(tr, HIST_ERR_BAD_FIELD_MODIFIER, errpos(modifier));
field = ERR_PTR(-EINVAL);
goto out;
@@ -2049,6 +2091,7 @@ static struct hist_field *parse_atom(struct hist_trigger_data *hist_data,
char *s, *ref_system = NULL, *ref_event = NULL, *ref_var = str;
struct ftrace_event_field *field = NULL;
struct hist_field *hist_field = NULL;
+ unsigned long buckets = 0;
int ret = 0;
s = strchr(str, '.');
@@ -2086,7 +2129,7 @@ static struct hist_field *parse_atom(struct hist_trigger_data *hist_data,
} else
str = s;
- field = parse_field(hist_data, file, str, flags);
+ field = parse_field(hist_data, file, str, flags, &buckets);
if (IS_ERR(field)) {
ret = PTR_ERR(field);
goto out;
@@ -2097,6 +2140,7 @@ static struct hist_field *parse_atom(struct hist_trigger_data *hist_data,
ret = -ENOMEM;
goto out;
}
+ hist_field->buckets = buckets;
return hist_field;
out:
@@ -4698,6 +4742,11 @@ static void hist_trigger_print_key(struct seq_file *m,
} else if (key_field->flags & HIST_FIELD_FL_LOG2) {
seq_printf(m, "%s: ~ 2^%-2llu", field_name,
*(u64 *)(key + key_field->offset));
+ } else if (key_field->flags & HIST_FIELD_FL_BUCKET) {
+ unsigned long buckets = key_field->buckets;
+ uval = *(u64 *)(key + key_field->offset);
+ seq_printf(m, "%s: ~ %llu-%llu", field_name,
+ uval, uval + buckets -1);
} else if (key_field->flags & HIST_FIELD_FL_STRING) {
seq_printf(m, "%s: %-50s", field_name,
(char *)(key + key_field->offset));
@@ -5137,6 +5186,8 @@ static void hist_field_print(struct seq_file *m, struct hist_field *hist_field)
seq_printf(m, ".%s", flags);
}
}
+ if (hist_field->buckets)
+ seq_printf(m, "=%ld", hist_field->buckets);
}
static int event_hist_trigger_print(struct seq_file *m,

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