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authorJohannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org>2019-12-03 13:35:23 -0500
committerPeter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>2019-12-17 13:32:47 +0100
commit3dfbe25c27eab7c90c8a7e97b4c354a9d24dd985 (patch)
tree9d9137ca85a5ff3dac237807425a6735bcdc2af7 /kernel
parent346da4d2c7ea39de65487b249aaa4733317a40ec (diff)
sched/psi: Fix sampling error and rare div0 crashes with cgroups and high uptime
Jingfeng reports rare div0 crashes in psi on systems with some uptime: [58914.066423] divide error: 0000 [#1] SMP [58914.070416] Modules linked in: ipmi_poweroff ipmi_watchdog toa overlay fuse tcp_diag inet_diag binfmt_misc aisqos(O) aisqos_hotfixes(O) [58914.083158] CPU: 94 PID: 140364 Comm: kworker/94:2 Tainted: G W OE K 4.9.151-015.ali3000.alios7.x86_64 #1 [58914.093722] Hardware name: Alibaba Alibaba Cloud ECS/Alibaba Cloud ECS, BIOS 3.23.34 02/14/2019 [58914.102728] Workqueue: events psi_update_work [58914.107258] task: ffff8879da83c280 task.stack: ffffc90059dcc000 [58914.113336] RIP: 0010:[] [] psi_update_stats+0x1c1/0x330 [58914.122183] RSP: 0018:ffffc90059dcfd60 EFLAGS: 00010246 [58914.127650] RAX: 0000000000000000 RBX: ffff8858fe98be50 RCX: 000000007744d640 [58914.134947] RDX: 0000000000000000 RSI: 0000000000000000 RDI: 00003594f700648e [58914.142243] RBP: ffffc90059dcfdf8 R08: 0000359500000000 R09: 0000000000000000 [58914.149538] R10: 0000000000000000 R11: 0000000000000000 R12: 0000359500000000 [58914.156837] R13: 0000000000000000 R14: 0000000000000000 R15: ffff8858fe98bd78 [58914.164136] FS: 0000000000000000(0000) GS:ffff887f7f380000(0000) knlGS:0000000000000000 [58914.172529] CS: 0010 DS: 0000 ES: 0000 CR0: 0000000080050033 [58914.178467] CR2: 00007f2240452090 CR3: 0000005d5d258000 CR4: 00000000007606f0 [58914.185765] DR0: 0000000000000000 DR1: 0000000000000000 DR2: 0000000000000000 [58914.193061] DR3: 0000000000000000 DR6: 00000000fffe0ff0 DR7: 0000000000000400 [58914.200360] PKRU: 55555554 [58914.203221] Stack: [58914.205383] ffff8858fe98bd48 00000000000002f0 0000002e81036d09 ffffc90059dcfde8 [58914.213168] ffff8858fe98bec8 0000000000000000 0000000000000000 0000000000000000 [58914.220951] 0000000000000000 0000000000000000 0000000000000000 0000000000000000 [58914.228734] Call Trace: [58914.231337] [] psi_update_work+0x22/0x60 [58914.237067] [] process_one_work+0x189/0x420 [58914.243063] [] worker_thread+0x4e/0x4b0 [58914.248701] [] ? process_one_work+0x420/0x420 [58914.254869] [] kthread+0xe6/0x100 [58914.259994] [] ? kthread_park+0x60/0x60 [58914.265640] [] ret_from_fork+0x39/0x50 [58914.271193] Code: 41 29 c3 4d 39 dc 4d 0f 42 dc <49> f7 f1 48 8b 13 48 89 c7 48 c1 [58914.279691] RIP [] psi_update_stats+0x1c1/0x330 The crashing instruction is trying to divide the observed stall time by the sampling period. The period, stored in R8, is not 0, but we are dividing by the lower 32 bits only, which are all 0 in this instance. We could switch to a 64-bit division, but the period shouldn't be that big in the first place. It's the time between the last update and the next scheduled one, and so should always be around 2s and comfortably fit into 32 bits. The bug is in the initialization of new cgroups: we schedule the first sampling event in a cgroup as an offset of sched_clock(), but fail to initialize the last_update timestamp, and it defaults to 0. That results in a bogusly large sampling period the first time we run the sampling code, and consequently we underreport pressure for the first 2s of a cgroup's life. But worse, if sched_clock() is sufficiently advanced on the system, and the user gets unlucky, the period's lower 32 bits can all be 0 and the sampling division will crash. Fix this by initializing the last update timestamp to the creation time of the cgroup, thus correctly marking the start of the first pressure sampling period in a new cgroup. Reported-by: Jingfeng Xie <xiejingfeng@linux.alibaba.com> Signed-off-by: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org> Signed-off-by: Peter Zijlstra (Intel) <peterz@infradead.org> Cc: Suren Baghdasaryan <surenb@google.com> Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20191203183524.41378-2-hannes@cmpxchg.org
Diffstat (limited to 'kernel')
-rw-r--r--kernel/sched/psi.c3
1 files changed, 2 insertions, 1 deletions
diff --git a/kernel/sched/psi.c b/kernel/sched/psi.c
index 517e3719027e..970db4686dd4 100644
--- a/kernel/sched/psi.c
+++ b/kernel/sched/psi.c
@@ -185,7 +185,8 @@ static void group_init(struct psi_group *group)
for_each_possible_cpu(cpu)
seqcount_init(&per_cpu_ptr(group->pcpu, cpu)->seq);
- group->avg_next_update = sched_clock() + psi_period;
+ group->avg_last_update = sched_clock();
+ group->avg_next_update = group->avg_last_update + psi_period;
INIT_DELAYED_WORK(&group->avgs_work, psi_avgs_work);
mutex_init(&group->avgs_lock);
/* Init trigger-related members */

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