path: root/kernel
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authorRafael J. Wysocki <rafael.j.wysocki@intel.com>2019-12-11 11:28:41 +0100
committerRafael J. Wysocki <rafael.j.wysocki@intel.com>2019-12-12 17:59:43 +0100
commit85572c2c4a45a541e880e087b5b17a48198b2416 (patch)
treef02c2daf1b51aa838c11f6019c2a0567a7428eb0 /kernel
parente42617b825f8073569da76dc4510bfa019b1c35a (diff)
cpufreq: Avoid leaving stale IRQ work items during CPU offline
The scheduler code calling cpufreq_update_util() may run during CPU offline on the target CPU after the IRQ work lists have been flushed for it, so the target CPU should be prevented from running code that may queue up an IRQ work item on it at that point. Unfortunately, that may not be the case if dvfs_possible_from_any_cpu is set for at least one cpufreq policy in the system, because that allows the CPU going offline to run the utilization update callback of the cpufreq governor on behalf of another (online) CPU in some cases. If that happens, the cpufreq governor callback may queue up an IRQ work on the CPU running it, which is going offline, and the IRQ work may not be flushed after that point. Moreover, that IRQ work cannot be flushed until the "offlining" CPU goes back online, so if any other CPU calls irq_work_sync() to wait for the completion of that IRQ work, it will have to wait until the "offlining" CPU is back online and that may not happen forever. In particular, a system-wide deadlock may occur during CPU online as a result of that. The failing scenario is as follows. CPU0 is the boot CPU, so it creates a cpufreq policy and becomes the "leader" of it (policy->cpu). It cannot go offline, because it is the boot CPU. Next, other CPUs join the cpufreq policy as they go online and they leave it when they go offline. The last CPU to go offline, say CPU3, may queue up an IRQ work while running the governor callback on behalf of CPU0 after leaving the cpufreq policy because of the dvfs_possible_from_any_cpu effect described above. Then, CPU0 is the only online CPU in the system and the stale IRQ work is still queued on CPU3. When, say, CPU1 goes back online, it will run irq_work_sync() to wait for that IRQ work to complete and so it will wait for CPU3 to go back online (which may never happen even in principle), but (worse yet) CPU0 is waiting for CPU1 at that point too and a system-wide deadlock occurs. To address this problem notice that CPUs which cannot run cpufreq utilization update code for themselves (for example, because they have left the cpufreq policies that they belonged to), should also be prevented from running that code on behalf of the other CPUs that belong to a cpufreq policy with dvfs_possible_from_any_cpu set and so in that case the cpufreq_update_util_data pointer of the CPU running the code must not be NULL as well as for the CPU which is the target of the cpufreq utilization update in progress. Accordingly, change cpufreq_this_cpu_can_update() into a regular function in kernel/sched/cpufreq.c (instead of a static inline in a header file) and make it check the cpufreq_update_util_data pointer of the local CPU if dvfs_possible_from_any_cpu is set for the target cpufreq policy. Also update the schedutil governor to do the cpufreq_this_cpu_can_update() check in the non-fast-switch case too to avoid the stale IRQ work issues. Fixes: 99d14d0e16fa ("cpufreq: Process remote callbacks from any CPU if the platform permits") Link: https://lore.kernel.org/linux-pm/20191121093557.bycvdo4xyinbc5cb@vireshk-i7/ Reported-by: Anson Huang <anson.huang@nxp.com> Tested-by: Anson Huang <anson.huang@nxp.com> Cc: 4.14+ <stable@vger.kernel.org> # 4.14+ Signed-off-by: Rafael J. Wysocki <rafael.j.wysocki@intel.com> Acked-by: Viresh Kumar <viresh.kumar@linaro.org> Tested-by: Peng Fan <peng.fan@nxp.com> (i.MX8QXP-MEK) Signed-off-by: Rafael J. Wysocki <rafael.j.wysocki@intel.com>
Diffstat (limited to 'kernel')
2 files changed, 21 insertions, 5 deletions
diff --git a/kernel/sched/cpufreq.c b/kernel/sched/cpufreq.c
index b5dcd1d83c7f..7c2fe50fd76d 100644
--- a/kernel/sched/cpufreq.c
+++ b/kernel/sched/cpufreq.c
@@ -5,6 +5,8 @@
* Copyright (C) 2016, Intel Corporation
* Author: Rafael J. Wysocki <rafael.j.wysocki@intel.com>
+#include <linux/cpufreq.h>
#include "sched.h"
DEFINE_PER_CPU(struct update_util_data __rcu *, cpufreq_update_util_data);
@@ -57,3 +59,19 @@ void cpufreq_remove_update_util_hook(int cpu)
rcu_assign_pointer(per_cpu(cpufreq_update_util_data, cpu), NULL);
+ * cpufreq_this_cpu_can_update - Check if cpufreq policy can be updated.
+ * @policy: cpufreq policy to check.
+ *
+ * Return 'true' if:
+ * - the local and remote CPUs share @policy,
+ * - dvfs_possible_from_any_cpu is set in @policy and the local CPU is not going
+ * offline (in which case it is not expected to run cpufreq updates any more).
+ */
+bool cpufreq_this_cpu_can_update(struct cpufreq_policy *policy)
+ return cpumask_test_cpu(smp_processor_id(), policy->cpus) ||
+ (policy->dvfs_possible_from_any_cpu &&
+ rcu_dereference_sched(*this_cpu_ptr(&cpufreq_update_util_data)));
diff --git a/kernel/sched/cpufreq_schedutil.c b/kernel/sched/cpufreq_schedutil.c
index 322ca8860f54..9b8916fd00a2 100644
--- a/kernel/sched/cpufreq_schedutil.c
+++ b/kernel/sched/cpufreq_schedutil.c
@@ -82,12 +82,10 @@ static bool sugov_should_update_freq(struct sugov_policy *sg_policy, u64 time)
* by the hardware, as calculating the frequency is pointless if
* we cannot in fact act on it.
- * For the slow switching platforms, the kthread is always scheduled on
- * the right set of CPUs and any CPU can find the next frequency and
- * schedule the kthread.
+ * This is needed on the slow switching platforms too to prevent CPUs
+ * going offline from leaving stale IRQ work items behind.
- if (sg_policy->policy->fast_switch_enabled &&
- !cpufreq_this_cpu_can_update(sg_policy->policy))
+ if (!cpufreq_this_cpu_can_update(sg_policy->policy))
return false;
if (unlikely(sg_policy->limits_changed)) {

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