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Diffstat (limited to 'arch/x86/mm/tlb.c')
-rw-r--r--arch/x86/mm/tlb.c153
1 files changed, 111 insertions, 42 deletions
diff --git a/arch/x86/mm/tlb.c b/arch/x86/mm/tlb.c
index 49d9778376d7..658bf0090565 100644
--- a/arch/x86/mm/tlb.c
+++ b/arch/x86/mm/tlb.c
@@ -30,6 +30,8 @@
atomic64_t last_mm_ctx_id = ATOMIC64_INIT(1);
+DEFINE_STATIC_KEY_TRUE(tlb_use_lazy_mode);
+
static void choose_new_asid(struct mm_struct *next, u64 next_tlb_gen,
u16 *new_asid, bool *need_flush)
{
@@ -80,7 +82,7 @@ void leave_mm(int cpu)
return;
/* Warn if we're not lazy. */
- WARN_ON(cpumask_test_cpu(smp_processor_id(), mm_cpumask(loaded_mm)));
+ WARN_ON(!this_cpu_read(cpu_tlbstate.is_lazy));
switch_mm(NULL, &init_mm, NULL);
}
@@ -142,45 +144,24 @@ void switch_mm_irqs_off(struct mm_struct *prev, struct mm_struct *next,
__flush_tlb_all();
}
#endif
+ this_cpu_write(cpu_tlbstate.is_lazy, false);
if (real_prev == next) {
VM_BUG_ON(this_cpu_read(cpu_tlbstate.ctxs[prev_asid].ctx_id) !=
next->context.ctx_id);
- if (cpumask_test_cpu(cpu, mm_cpumask(next))) {
- /*
- * There's nothing to do: we weren't lazy, and we
- * aren't changing our mm. We don't need to flush
- * anything, nor do we need to update CR3, CR4, or
- * LDTR.
- */
- return;
- }
-
- /* Resume remote flushes and then read tlb_gen. */
- cpumask_set_cpu(cpu, mm_cpumask(next));
- next_tlb_gen = atomic64_read(&next->context.tlb_gen);
-
- if (this_cpu_read(cpu_tlbstate.ctxs[prev_asid].tlb_gen) <
- next_tlb_gen) {
- /*
- * Ideally, we'd have a flush_tlb() variant that
- * takes the known CR3 value as input. This would
- * be faster on Xen PV and on hypothetical CPUs
- * on which INVPCID is fast.
- */
- this_cpu_write(cpu_tlbstate.ctxs[prev_asid].tlb_gen,
- next_tlb_gen);
- write_cr3(build_cr3(next, prev_asid));
- trace_tlb_flush(TLB_FLUSH_ON_TASK_SWITCH,
- TLB_FLUSH_ALL);
- }
-
/*
- * We just exited lazy mode, which means that CR4 and/or LDTR
- * may be stale. (Changes to the required CR4 and LDTR states
- * are not reflected in tlb_gen.)
+ * We don't currently support having a real mm loaded without
+ * our cpu set in mm_cpumask(). We have all the bookkeeping
+ * in place to figure out whether we would need to flush
+ * if our cpu were cleared in mm_cpumask(), but we don't
+ * currently use it.
*/
+ if (WARN_ON_ONCE(real_prev != &init_mm &&
+ !cpumask_test_cpu(cpu, mm_cpumask(next))))
+ cpumask_set_cpu(cpu, mm_cpumask(next));
+
+ return;
} else {
u16 new_asid;
bool need_flush;
@@ -199,10 +180,9 @@ void switch_mm_irqs_off(struct mm_struct *prev, struct mm_struct *next,
}
/* Stop remote flushes for the previous mm */
- if (cpumask_test_cpu(cpu, mm_cpumask(real_prev)))
- cpumask_clear_cpu(cpu, mm_cpumask(real_prev));
-
- VM_WARN_ON_ONCE(cpumask_test_cpu(cpu, mm_cpumask(next)));
+ VM_WARN_ON_ONCE(!cpumask_test_cpu(cpu, mm_cpumask(real_prev)) &&
+ real_prev != &init_mm);
+ cpumask_clear_cpu(cpu, mm_cpumask(real_prev));
/*
* Start remote flushes and then read tlb_gen.
@@ -233,6 +213,37 @@ void switch_mm_irqs_off(struct mm_struct *prev, struct mm_struct *next,
}
/*
+ * enter_lazy_tlb() is a hint from the scheduler that we are entering a
+ * kernel thread or other context without an mm. Acceptable implementations
+ * include doing nothing whatsoever, switching to init_mm, or various clever
+ * lazy tricks to try to minimize TLB flushes.
+ *
+ * The scheduler reserves the right to call enter_lazy_tlb() several times
+ * in a row. It will notify us that we're going back to a real mm by
+ * calling switch_mm_irqs_off().
+ */
+void enter_lazy_tlb(struct mm_struct *mm, struct task_struct *tsk)
+{
+ if (this_cpu_read(cpu_tlbstate.loaded_mm) == &init_mm)
+ return;
+
+ if (static_branch_unlikely(&tlb_use_lazy_mode)) {
+ /*
+ * There's a significant optimization that may be possible
+ * here. We have accurate enough TLB flush tracking that we
+ * don't need to maintain coherence of TLB per se when we're
+ * lazy. We do, however, need to maintain coherence of
+ * paging-structure caches. We could, in principle, leave our
+ * old mm loaded and only switch to init_mm when
+ * tlb_remove_page() happens.
+ */
+ this_cpu_write(cpu_tlbstate.is_lazy, true);
+ } else {
+ switch_mm(NULL, &init_mm, NULL);
+ }
+}
+
+/*
* Call this when reinitializing a CPU. It fixes the following potential
* problems:
*
@@ -303,16 +314,20 @@ static void flush_tlb_func_common(const struct flush_tlb_info *f,
/* This code cannot presently handle being reentered. */
VM_WARN_ON(!irqs_disabled());
+ if (unlikely(loaded_mm == &init_mm))
+ return;
+
VM_WARN_ON(this_cpu_read(cpu_tlbstate.ctxs[loaded_mm_asid].ctx_id) !=
loaded_mm->context.ctx_id);
- if (!cpumask_test_cpu(smp_processor_id(), mm_cpumask(loaded_mm))) {
+ if (this_cpu_read(cpu_tlbstate.is_lazy)) {
/*
- * We're in lazy mode -- don't flush. We can get here on
- * remote flushes due to races and on local flushes if a
- * kernel thread coincidentally flushes the mm it's lazily
- * still using.
+ * We're in lazy mode. We need to at least flush our
+ * paging-structure cache to avoid speculatively reading
+ * garbage into our TLB. Since switching to init_mm is barely
+ * slower than a minimal flush, just switch to init_mm.
*/
+ switch_mm_irqs_off(NULL, &init_mm, NULL);
return;
}
@@ -611,3 +626,57 @@ static int __init create_tlb_single_page_flush_ceiling(void)
return 0;
}
late_initcall(create_tlb_single_page_flush_ceiling);
+
+static ssize_t tlblazy_read_file(struct file *file, char __user *user_buf,
+ size_t count, loff_t *ppos)
+{
+ char buf[2];
+
+ buf[0] = static_branch_likely(&tlb_use_lazy_mode) ? '1' : '0';
+ buf[1] = '\n';
+
+ return simple_read_from_buffer(user_buf, count, ppos, buf, 2);
+}
+
+static ssize_t tlblazy_write_file(struct file *file,
+ const char __user *user_buf, size_t count, loff_t *ppos)
+{
+ bool val;
+
+ if (kstrtobool_from_user(user_buf, count, &val))
+ return -EINVAL;
+
+ if (val)
+ static_branch_enable(&tlb_use_lazy_mode);
+ else
+ static_branch_disable(&tlb_use_lazy_mode);
+
+ return count;
+}
+
+static const struct file_operations fops_tlblazy = {
+ .read = tlblazy_read_file,
+ .write = tlblazy_write_file,
+ .llseek = default_llseek,
+};
+
+static int __init init_tlb_use_lazy_mode(void)
+{
+ if (boot_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_PCID)) {
+ /*
+ * Heuristic: with PCID on, switching to and from
+ * init_mm is reasonably fast, but remote flush IPIs
+ * as expensive as ever, so turn off lazy TLB mode.
+ *
+ * We can't do this in setup_pcid() because static keys
+ * haven't been initialized yet, and it would blow up
+ * badly.
+ */
+ static_branch_disable(&tlb_use_lazy_mode);
+ }
+
+ debugfs_create_file("tlb_use_lazy_mode", S_IRUSR | S_IWUSR,
+ arch_debugfs_dir, NULL, &fops_tlblazy);
+ return 0;
+}
+late_initcall(init_tlb_use_lazy_mode);

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