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2020-05-12kbuild: ensure full rebuild when the compiler is updatedMasahiro Yamada1-2/+0
Commit 21c54b774744 ("kconfig: show compiler version text in the top comment") added the environment variable, CC_VERSION_TEXT in the comment of the top Kconfig file. It can detect the compiler update, and invoke the syncconfig because all environment variables referenced in Kconfig files are recorded in include/config/auto.conf.cmd This commit makes it a CONFIG option in order to ensure the full rebuild when the compiler is updated. This works like follows: include/config/kconfig.h contains "CONFIG_CC_VERSION_TEXT" in the comment block. The top Makefile specifies "-include $(srctree)/include/linux/kconfig.h" to guarantee it is included from all kernel source files. fixdep parses every source file and all headers included from it, searching for words prefixed with "CONFIG_". Then, fixdep finds CONFIG_CC_VERSION_TEXT in include/config/kconfig.h and adds include/config/cc/version/text.h into every .*.cmd file. When the compiler is updated, syncconfig is invoked because init/Kconfig contains the reference to the environment variable CC_VERTION_TEXT. CONFIG_CC_VERSION_TEXT is updated to the new version string, and include/config/cc/version/text.h is touched. In the next rebuild, Make will rebuild every files since the timestamp of include/config/cc/version/text.h is newer than that of target. Signed-off-by: Masahiro Yamada <masahiroy@kernel.org>
2019-06-14docs: kbuild: convert docs to ReST and rename to *.rstMauro Carvalho Chehab1-1/+1
The kbuild documentation clearly shows that the documents there are written at different times: some use markdown, some use their own peculiar logic to split sections. Convert everything to ReST without affecting too much the author's style and avoiding adding uneeded markups. The conversion is actually: - add blank lines and identation in order to identify paragraphs; - fix tables markups; - add some lists markups; - mark literal blocks; - adjust title markups. At its new index.rst, let's add a :orphan: while this is not linked to the main index.rst file, in order to avoid build warnings. Signed-off-by: Mauro Carvalho Chehab <mchehab+samsung@kernel.org> Signed-off-by: Jonathan Corbet <corbet@lwn.net>
2019-06-07docs: Kbuild/Makefile: allow check for missing docs at build timeMauro Carvalho Chehab1-0/+2
While this doesn't make sense for production Kernels, in order to avoid regressions when documents are touched, let's add a check target at the make file. Signed-off-by: Mauro Carvalho Chehab <mchehab+samsung@kernel.org> Signed-off-by: Jonathan Corbet <corbet@lwn.net>
2018-08-02kconfig: move the "Executable file formats" menu to fs/Kconfig.binfmtChristoph Hellwig1-2/+0
No need to have this in the top-level Kconfig. Signed-off-by: Christoph Hellwig <hch@lst.de> Tested-by: Randy Dunlap <rdunlap@infradead.org> Acked-by: Randy Dunlap <rdunlap@infradead.org> Signed-off-by: Masahiro Yamada <yamada.masahiro@socionext.com>
2018-08-02Kconfig: consolidate the "Kernel hacking" menuChristoph Hellwig1-0/+2
Move the source of lib/Kconfig.debug and arch/$(ARCH)/Kconfig.debug to the top-level Kconfig. For two architectures that means moving their arch-specific symbols in that menu into a new arch Kconfig.debug file, and for a few more creating a dummy file so that we can include it unconditionally. Also move the actual 'Kernel hacking' menu to lib/Kconfig.debug, where it belongs. Signed-off-by: Christoph Hellwig <hch@lst.de> Signed-off-by: Masahiro Yamada <yamada.masahiro@socionext.com>
2018-08-02kconfig: include common Kconfig files from top-level KconfigChristoph Hellwig1-1/+21
Instead of duplicating the source statements in every architecture just do it once in the toplevel Kconfig file. Note that with this the inclusion of arch/$(SRCARCH/Kconfig moves out of the top-level Kconfig into arch/Kconfig so that don't violate ordering constraits while keeping a sensible menu structure. Signed-off-by: Christoph Hellwig <hch@lst.de> Signed-off-by: Masahiro Yamada <yamada.masahiro@socionext.com>
2018-05-29kconfig: add basic helper macros to scripts/Kconfig.includeMasahiro Yamada1-0/+2
Kconfig got text processing tools like we see in Make. Add Kconfig helper macros to scripts/Kconfig.include like we collect Makefile macros in scripts/Kbuild.include. Signed-off-by: Masahiro Yamada <yamada.masahiro@socionext.com> Reviewed-by: Kees Cook <keescook@chromium.org> Reviewed-by: Ulf Magnusson <ulfalizer@gmail.com>
2018-05-29kconfig: show compiler version text in the top commentMasahiro Yamada1-0/+2
The kernel configuration phase is now tightly coupled with the compiler in use. It will be nice to show the compiler information in Kconfig. The compiler information will be displayed like this: $ make ARCH=arm64 CROSS_COMPILE=aarch64-linux-gnu- config scripts/kconfig/conf --oldaskconfig Kconfig * * Linux/arm64 4.16.0-rc1 Kernel Configuration * * * Compiler: aarch64-linux-gnu-gcc (Linaro GCC 7.2-2017.11) 7.2.1 20171011 * * * General setup * Compile also drivers which will not load (COMPILE_TEST) [N/y/?] If you use GUI methods such as menuconfig, it will be displayed in the top menu. This is simply implemented by using the 'comment' statement. So, it will be saved into the .config file as well. This commit has a very important meaning. If the compiler is upgraded, Kconfig must be re-run since different compilers have different sets of supported options. All referenced environments are written to include/config/auto.conf.cmd so that any environment change triggers syncconfig, and prompt the user to input new values if needed. With this commit, something like follows will be added to include/config/auto.conf.cmd ifneq "$(CC_VERSION_TEXT)" "aarch64-linux-gnu-gcc (Linaro GCC 7.2-2017.11) 7.2.1 20171011" include/config/auto.conf: FORCE endif Signed-off-by: Masahiro Yamada <yamada.masahiro@socionext.com> Reviewed-by: Kees Cook <keescook@chromium.org>
2018-05-29kconfig: reference environment variables directly and remove 'option env='Masahiro Yamada1-6/+2
To get access to environment variables, Kconfig needs to define a symbol using "option env=" syntax. It is tedious to add a symbol entry for each environment variable given that we need to define much more such as 'CC', 'AS', 'srctree' etc. to evaluate the compiler capability in Kconfig. Adding '$' for symbol references is grammatically inconsistent. Looking at the code, the symbols prefixed with 'S' are expanded by: - conf_expand_value() This is used to expand 'arch/$ARCH/defconfig' and 'defconfig_list' - sym_expand_string_value() This is used to expand strings in 'source' and 'mainmenu' All of them are fixed values independent of user configuration. So, they can be changed into the direct expansion instead of symbols. This change makes the code much cleaner. The bounce symbols 'SRCARCH', 'ARCH', 'SUBARCH', 'KERNELVERSION' are gone. sym_init() hard-coding 'UNAME_RELEASE' is also gone. 'UNAME_RELEASE' should be replaced with an environment variable. ARCH_DEFCONFIG is a normal symbol, so it should be simply referenced without '$' prefix. The new syntax is addicted by Make. The variable reference needs parentheses, like $(FOO), but you can omit them for single-letter variables, like $F. Yet, in Makefiles, people tend to use the parenthetical form for consistency / clarification. At this moment, only the environment variable is supported, but I will extend the concept of 'variable' later on. The variables are expanded in the lexer so we can simplify the token handling on the parser side. For example, the following code works. [Example code] config MY_TOOLCHAIN_LIST string default "My tools: CC=$(CC), AS=$(AS), CPP=$(CPP)" [Result] $ make -s alldefconfig && tail -n 1 .config CONFIG_MY_TOOLCHAIN_LIST="My tools: CC=gcc, AS=as, CPP=gcc -E" Signed-off-by: Masahiro Yamada <yamada.masahiro@socionext.com> Reviewed-by: Kees Cook <keescook@chromium.org>
2017-11-02License cleanup: add SPDX GPL-2.0 license identifier to files with no licenseGreg Kroah-Hartman1-0/+1
Many source files in the tree are missing licensing information, which makes it harder for compliance tools to determine the correct license. By default all files without license information are under the default license of the kernel, which is GPL version 2. Update the files which contain no license information with the 'GPL-2.0' SPDX license identifier. The SPDX identifier is a legally binding shorthand, which can be used instead of the full boiler plate text. This patch is based on work done by Thomas Gleixner and Kate Stewart and Philippe Ombredanne. How this work was done: Patches were generated and checked against linux-4.14-rc6 for a subset of the use cases: - file had no licensing information it it. - file was a */uapi/* one with no licensing information in it, - file was a */uapi/* one with existing licensing information, Further patches will be generated in subsequent months to fix up cases where non-standard license headers were used, and references to license had to be inferred by heuristics based on keywords. The analysis to determine which SPDX License Identifier to be applied to a file was done in a spreadsheet of side by side results from of the output of two independent scanners (ScanCode & Windriver) producing SPDX tag:value files created by Philippe Ombredanne. Philippe prepared the base worksheet, and did an initial spot review of a few 1000 files. The 4.13 kernel was the starting point of the analysis with 60,537 files assessed. Kate Stewart did a file by file comparison of the scanner results in the spreadsheet to determine which SPDX license identifier(s) to be applied to the file. She confirmed any determination that was not immediately clear with lawyers working with the Linux Foundation. Criteria used to select files for SPDX license identifier tagging was: - Files considered eligible had to be source code files. - Make and config files were included as candidates if they contained >5 lines of source - File already had some variant of a license header in it (even if <5 lines). All documentation files were explicitly excluded. The following heuristics were used to determine which SPDX license identifiers to apply. - when both scanners couldn't find any license traces, file was considered to have no license information in it, and the top level COPYING file license applied. For non */uapi/* files that summary was: SPDX license identifier # files ---------------------------------------------------|------- GPL-2.0 11139 and resulted in the first patch in this series. If that file was a */uapi/* path one, it was "GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note" otherwise it was "GPL-2.0". Results of that was: SPDX license identifier # files ---------------------------------------------------|------- GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note 930 and resulted in the second patch in this series. - if a file had some form of licensing information in it, and was one of the */uapi/* ones, it was denoted with the Linux-syscall-note if any GPL family license was found in the file or had no licensing in it (per prior point). Results summary: SPDX license identifier # files ---------------------------------------------------|------ GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note 270 GPL-2.0+ WITH Linux-syscall-note 169 ((GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note) OR BSD-2-Clause) 21 ((GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note) OR BSD-3-Clause) 17 LGPL-2.1+ WITH Linux-syscall-note 15 GPL-1.0+ WITH Linux-syscall-note 14 ((GPL-2.0+ WITH Linux-syscall-note) OR BSD-3-Clause) 5 LGPL-2.0+ WITH Linux-syscall-note 4 LGPL-2.1 WITH Linux-syscall-note 3 ((GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note) OR MIT) 3 ((GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note) AND MIT) 1 and that resulted in the third patch in this series. - when the two scanners agreed on the detected license(s), that became the concluded license(s). - when there was disagreement between the two scanners (one detected a license but the other didn't, or they both detected different licenses) a manual inspection of the file occurred. - In most cases a manual inspection of the information in the file resulted in a clear resolution of the license that should apply (and which scanner probably needed to revisit its heuristics). - When it was not immediately clear, the license identifier was confirmed with lawyers working with the Linux Foundation. - If there was any question as to the appropriate license identifier, the file was flagged for further research and to be revisited later in time. In total, over 70 hours of logged manual review was done on the spreadsheet to determine the SPDX license identifiers to apply to the source files by Kate, Philippe, Thomas and, in some cases, confirmation by lawyers working with the Linux Foundation. Kate also obtained a third independent scan of the 4.13 code base from FOSSology, and compared selected files where the other two scanners disagreed against that SPDX file, to see if there was new insights. The Windriver scanner is based on an older version of FOSSology in part, so they are related. Thomas did random spot checks in about 500 files from the spreadsheets for the uapi headers and agreed with SPDX license identifier in the files he inspected. For the non-uapi files Thomas did random spot checks in about 15000 files. In initial set of patches against 4.14-rc6, 3 files were found to have copy/paste license identifier errors, and have been fixed to reflect the correct identifier. Additionally Philippe spent 10 hours this week doing a detailed manual inspection and review of the 12,461 patched files from the initial patch version early this week with: - a full scancode scan run, collecting the matched texts, detected license ids and scores - reviewing anything where there was a license detected (about 500+ files) to ensure that the applied SPDX license was correct - reviewing anything where there was no detection but the patch license was not GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note to ensure that the applied SPDX license was correct This produced a worksheet with 20 files needing minor correction. This worksheet was then exported into 3 different .csv files for the different types of files to be modified. These .csv files were then reviewed by Greg. Thomas wrote a script to parse the csv files and add the proper SPDX tag to the file, in the format that the file expected. This script was further refined by Greg based on the output to detect more types of files automatically and to distinguish between header and source .c files (which need different comment types.) Finally Greg ran the script using the .csv files to generate the patches. Reviewed-by: Kate Stewart <kstewart@linuxfoundation.org> Reviewed-by: Philippe Ombredanne <pombredanne@nexb.com> Reviewed-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de> Signed-off-by: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>
2010-09-19kbuild: migrate all arch to the kconfig mainmenu upgradeArnaud Lacombe1-0/+11
Signed-off-by: Arnaud Lacombe <lacombar@gmail.com> Reviewed-by: Sam Ravnborg <sam@ravnborg.org> Reviewed-by: Michal Marek <mmarek@suse.cz>

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