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2021-05-07kernel/umh.c: fix some spelling mistakeszhouchuangao1-3/+3
Fix some spelling mistakes, and modify the order of the parameter comments to be consistent with the order of the parameters passed to the function. Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/1615636139-4076-1-git-send-email-zhouchuangao@vivo.com Signed-off-by: zhouchuangao <zhouchuangao@vivo.com> Acked-by: Luis Chamberlain <mcgrof@kernel.org> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2021-05-07init/initramfs.c: do unpacking asynchronouslyRasmus Villemoes1-0/+2
Patch series "background initramfs unpacking, and CONFIG_MODPROBE_PATH", v3. These two patches are independent, but better-together. The second is a rather trivial patch that simply allows the developer to change "/sbin/modprobe" to something else - e.g. the empty string, so that all request_module() during early boot return -ENOENT early, without even spawning a usermode helper, needlessly synchronizing with the initramfs unpacking. The first patch delegates decompressing the initramfs to a worker thread, allowing do_initcalls() in main.c to proceed to the device_ and late_ initcalls without waiting for that decompression (and populating of rootfs) to finish. Obviously, some of those later calls may rely on the initramfs being available, so I've added synchronization points in the firmware loader and usermodehelper paths - there might be other places that would need this, but so far no one has been able to think of any places I have missed. There's not much to win if most of the functionality needed during boot is only available as modules. But systems with a custom-made .config and initramfs can boot faster, partly due to utilizing more than one cpu earlier, partly by avoiding known-futile modprobe calls (which would still trigger synchronization with the initramfs unpacking, thus eliminating most of the first benefit). This patch (of 2): Most of the boot process doesn't actually need anything from the initramfs, until of course PID1 is to be executed. So instead of doing the decompressing and populating of the initramfs synchronously in populate_rootfs() itself, push that off to a worker thread. This is primarily motivated by an embedded ppc target, where unpacking even the rather modest sized initramfs takes 0.6 seconds, which is long enough that the external watchdog becomes unhappy that it doesn't get attention soon enough. By doing the initramfs decompression in a worker thread, we get to do the device_initcalls and hence start petting the watchdog much sooner. Normal desktops might benefit as well. On my mostly stock Ubuntu kernel, my initramfs is a 26M xz-compressed blob, decompressing to around 126M. That takes almost two seconds: [ 0.201454] Trying to unpack rootfs image as initramfs... [ 1.976633] Freeing initrd memory: 29416K Before this patch, these lines occur consecutively in dmesg. With this patch, the timestamps on these two lines is roughly the same as above, but with 172 lines inbetween - so more than one cpu has been kept busy doing work that would otherwise only happen after the populate_rootfs() finished. Should one of the initcalls done after rootfs_initcall time (i.e., device_ and late_ initcalls) need something from the initramfs (say, a kernel module or a firmware blob), it will simply wait for the initramfs unpacking to be done before proceeding, which should in theory make this completely safe. But if some driver pokes around in the filesystem directly and not via one of the official kernel interfaces (i.e. request_firmware*(), call_usermodehelper*) that theory may not hold - also, I certainly might have missed a spot when sprinkling wait_for_initramfs(). So there is an escape hatch in the form of an initramfs_async= command line parameter. Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20210313212528.2956377-1-linux@rasmusvillemoes.dk Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20210313212528.2956377-2-linux@rasmusvillemoes.dk Signed-off-by: Rasmus Villemoes <linux@rasmusvillemoes.dk> Reviewed-by: Luis Chamberlain <mcgrof@kernel.org> Cc: Jessica Yu <jeyu@kernel.org> Cc: Borislav Petkov <bp@alien8.de> Cc: Jonathan Corbet <corbet@lwn.net> Cc: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org> Cc: Nick Desaulniers <ndesaulniers@google.com> Cc: Takashi Iwai <tiwai@suse.de> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2020-10-06usermodehelper: reset umask to default before executing user processLinus Torvalds1-0/+9
Kernel threads intentionally do CLONE_FS in order to follow any changes that 'init' does to set up the root directory (or cwd). It is admittedly a bit odd, but it avoids the situation where 'init' does some extensive setup to initialize the system environment, and then we execute a usermode helper program, and it uses the original FS setup from boot time that may be very limited and incomplete. [ Both Al Viro and Eric Biederman point out that 'pivot_root()' will follow the root regardless, since it fixes up other users of root (see chroot_fs_refs() for details), but overmounting root and doing a chroot() would not. ] However, Vegard Nossum noticed that the CLONE_FS not only means that we follow the root and current working directories, it also means we share umask with whatever init changed it to. That wasn't intentional. Just reset umask to the original default (0022) before actually starting the usermode helper program. Reported-by: Vegard Nossum <vegard.nossum@oracle.com> Cc: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk> Acked-by: Eric W. Biederman <ebiederm@xmission.com> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2020-08-12kernel: add a kernel_wait helperChristoph Hellwig1-25/+4
Add a helper that waits for a pid and stores the status in the passed in kernel pointer. Use it to fix the usage of kernel_wait4 in call_usermodehelper_exec_sync that only happens to work due to the implicit set_fs(KERNEL_DS) for kernel threads. Signed-off-by: Christoph Hellwig <hch@lst.de> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Reviewed-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Acked-by: "Eric W. Biederman" <ebiederm@xmission.com> Cc: Luis Chamberlain <mcgrof@kernel.org> Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20200721130449.5008-1-hch@lst.de Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2020-07-21exec: Implement kernel_execveEric W. Biederman1-3/+3
To allow the kernel not to play games with set_fs to call exec implement kernel_execve. The function kernel_execve takes pointers into kernel memory and copies the values pointed to onto the new userspace stack. The calls with arguments from kernel space of do_execve are replaced with calls to kernel_execve. The calls do_execve and do_execveat are made static as there are now no callers outside of exec. The comments that mention do_execve are updated to refer to kernel_execve or execve depending on the circumstances. In addition to correcting the comments, this makes it easy to grep for do_execve and verify it is not used. Inspired-by: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20200627072704.2447163-1-hch@lst.de Reviewed-by: Kees Cook <keescook@chromium.org> Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/87wo365ikj.fsf@x220.int.ebiederm.org Signed-off-by: "Eric W. Biederman" <ebiederm@xmission.com>
2020-07-04umh: Stop calling do_execve_fileEric W. Biederman1-7/+3
With the user mode driver code changed to not set subprocess_info.file there are no more users of subproces_info.file. Remove this field from struct subprocess_info and remove the only user in call_usermodehelper_exec_async that would call do_execve_file instead of do_execve if file was set. v1: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/877dvuf0i7.fsf_-_@x220.int.ebiederm.org v2: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/87r1tx4p2a.fsf_-_@x220.int.ebiederm.org Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20200702164140.4468-9-ebiederm@xmission.com Reviewed-by: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org> Acked-by: Alexei Starovoitov <ast@kernel.org> Tested-by: Alexei Starovoitov <ast@kernel.org> Signed-off-by: "Eric W. Biederman" <ebiederm@xmission.com>
2020-07-04umh: Separate the user mode driver and the user mode helper supportEric W. Biederman1-139/+0
This makes it clear which code is part of the core user mode helper support and which code is needed to implement user mode drivers. This makes the kernel smaller for everyone who does not use a usermode driver. v1: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/87tuyyf0ln.fsf_-_@x220.int.ebiederm.org v2: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/87imf963s6.fsf_-_@x220.int.ebiederm.org Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20200702164140.4468-5-ebiederm@xmission.com Reviewed-by: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org> Acked-by: Alexei Starovoitov <ast@kernel.org> Tested-by: Alexei Starovoitov <ast@kernel.org> Signed-off-by: "Eric W. Biederman" <ebiederm@xmission.com>
2020-07-04umh: Remove call_usermodehelper_setup_file.Eric W. Biederman1-31/+11
The only caller of call_usermodehelper_setup_file is fork_usermode_blob. In fork_usermode_blob replace call_usermodehelper_setup_file with call_usermodehelper_setup and delete fork_usermodehelper_setup_file. For this to work the argv_free is moved from umh_clean_and_save_pid to fork_usermode_blob. v1: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/87zh8qf0mp.fsf_-_@x220.int.ebiederm.org v2: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/87o8p163u1.fsf_-_@x220.int.ebiederm.org Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20200702164140.4468-4-ebiederm@xmission.com Reviewed-by: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org> Acked-by: Alexei Starovoitov <ast@kernel.org> Tested-by: Alexei Starovoitov <ast@kernel.org> Signed-off-by: "Eric W. Biederman" <ebiederm@xmission.com>
2020-07-04umh: Rename the user mode driver helpers for clarityEric W. Biederman1-5/+5
Now that the functionality of umh_setup_pipe and umh_clean_and_save_pid has changed their names are too specific and don't make much sense. Instead name them umd_setup and umd_cleanup for the functional role in setting up user mode drivers. v1: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/875zbegf82.fsf_-_@x220.int.ebiederm.org v2: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/87tuyt63x3.fsf_-_@x220.int.ebiederm.org Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20200702164140.4468-3-ebiederm@xmission.com Reviewed-by: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org> Acked-by: Alexei Starovoitov <ast@kernel.org> Tested-by: Alexei Starovoitov <ast@kernel.org> Signed-off-by: "Eric W. Biederman" <ebiederm@xmission.com>
2020-07-04umh: Move setting PF_UMH into umh_pipe_setupEric W. Biederman1-4/+3
I am separating the code specific to user mode drivers from the code for ordinary user space helpers. Move setting of PF_UMH from call_usermodehelper_exec_async which is core user mode helper code into umh_pipe_setup which is user mode driver code. The code is equally as easy to write in one location as the other and the movement minimizes the impact of the user mode driver code on the core of the user mode helper code. Setting PF_UMH unconditionally is harmless as an action will only happen if it is paired with an entry on umh_list. v1: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/87bll6gf8t.fsf_-_@x220.int.ebiederm.org v2: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/87zh8l63xs.fsf_-_@x220.int.ebiederm.org Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20200702164140.4468-2-ebiederm@xmission.com Reviewed-by: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org> Acked-by: Alexei Starovoitov <ast@kernel.org> Tested-by: Alexei Starovoitov <ast@kernel.org> Signed-off-by: "Eric W. Biederman" <ebiederm@xmission.com>
2020-07-04umh: Capture the pid in umh_pipe_setupEric W. Biederman1-3/+2
The pid in struct subprocess_info is only used by umh_clean_and_save_pid to write the pid into umh_info. Instead always capture the pid on struct umh_info in umh_pipe_setup, removing code that is specific to user mode drivers from the common user path of user mode helpers. v1: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/87h7uygf9i.fsf_-_@x220.int.ebiederm.org v2: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/875zb97iix.fsf_-_@x220.int.ebiederm.org Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20200702164140.4468-1-ebiederm@xmission.com Reviewed-by: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org> Acked-by: Alexei Starovoitov <ast@kernel.org> Tested-by: Alexei Starovoitov <ast@kernel.org> Signed-off-by: "Eric W. Biederman" <ebiederm@xmission.com>
2020-05-15Merge git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/netdev/netDavid S. Miller1-0/+11
Move the bpf verifier trace check into the new switch statement in HEAD. Resolve the overlapping changes in hinic, where bug fixes overlap the addition of VF support. Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
2020-05-15Merge git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/netdev/netLinus Torvalds1-0/+6
Pull networking fixes from David Miller: 1) Fix sk_psock reference count leak on receive, from Xiyu Yang. 2) CONFIG_HNS should be invisible, from Geert Uytterhoeven. 3) Don't allow locking route MTUs in ipv6, RFCs actually forbid this, from Maciej Żenczykowski. 4) ipv4 route redirect backoff wasn't actually enforced, from Paolo Abeni. 5) Fix netprio cgroup v2 leak, from Zefan Li. 6) Fix infinite loop on rmmod in conntrack, from Florian Westphal. 7) Fix tcp SO_RCVLOWAT hangs, from Eric Dumazet. 8) Various bpf probe handling fixes, from Daniel Borkmann. * git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/netdev/net: (68 commits) selftests: mptcp: pm: rm the right tmp file dpaa2-eth: properly handle buffer size restrictions bpf: Restrict bpf_trace_printk()'s %s usage and add %pks, %pus specifier bpf: Add bpf_probe_read_{user, kernel}_str() to do_refine_retval_range bpf: Restrict bpf_probe_read{, str}() only to archs where they work MAINTAINERS: Mark networking drivers as Maintained. ipmr: Add lockdep expression to ipmr_for_each_table macro ipmr: Fix RCU list debugging warning drivers: net: hamradio: Fix suspicious RCU usage warning in bpqether.c net: phy: broadcom: fix BCM54XX_SHD_SCR3_TRDDAPD value for BCM54810 tcp: fix error recovery in tcp_zerocopy_receive() MAINTAINERS: Add Jakub to networking drivers. MAINTAINERS: another add of Karsten Graul for S390 networking drivers: ipa: fix typos for ipa_smp2p structure doc pppoe: only process PADT targeted at local interfaces selftests/bpf: Enforce returning 0 for fentry/fexit programs bpf: Enforce returning 0 for fentry/fexit progs net: stmmac: fix num_por initialization security: Fix the default value of secid_to_secctx hook libbpf: Fix register naming in PT_REGS s390 macros ...
2020-05-08umh: fix memory leak on execve failureVincent Minet1-0/+6
If a UMH process created by fork_usermode_blob() fails to execute, a pair of struct file allocated by umh_pipe_setup() will leak. Under normal conditions, the caller (like bpfilter) needs to manage the lifetime of the UMH and its two pipes. But when fork_usermode_blob() fails, the caller doesn't really have a way to know what needs to be done. It seems better to do the cleanup ourselves in this case. Fixes: 449325b52b7a ("umh: introduce fork_usermode_blob() helper") Signed-off-by: Vincent Minet <v.minet@criteo.com> Signed-off-by: Jakub Kicinski <kuba@kernel.org>
2020-04-28coredump: fix crash when umh is disabledLuis Chamberlain1-0/+5
Commit 64e90a8acb859 ("Introduce STATIC_USERMODEHELPER to mediate call_usermodehelper()") added the optiont to disable all call_usermodehelper() calls by setting STATIC_USERMODEHELPER_PATH to an empty string. When this is done, and crashdump is triggered, it will crash on null pointer dereference, since we make assumptions over what call_usermodehelper_exec() did. This has been reported by Sergey when one triggers a a coredump with the following configuration: ``` CONFIG_STATIC_USERMODEHELPER=y CONFIG_STATIC_USERMODEHELPER_PATH="" kernel.core_pattern = |/usr/lib/systemd/systemd-coredump %P %u %g %s %t %c %h %e ``` The way disabling the umh was designed was that call_usermodehelper_exec() would just return early, without an error. But coredump assumes certain variables are set up for us when this happens, and calls ile_start_write(cprm.file) with a NULL file. [ 2.819676] BUG: kernel NULL pointer dereference, address: 0000000000000020 [ 2.819859] #PF: supervisor read access in kernel mode [ 2.820035] #PF: error_code(0x0000) - not-present page [ 2.820188] PGD 0 P4D 0 [ 2.820305] Oops: 0000 [#1] SMP PTI [ 2.820436] CPU: 2 PID: 89 Comm: a Not tainted 5.7.0-rc1+ #7 [ 2.820680] Hardware name: QEMU Standard PC (i440FX + PIIX, 1996), BIOS ?-20190711_202441-buildvm-armv7-10.arm.fedoraproject.org-2.fc31 04/01/2014 [ 2.821150] RIP: 0010:do_coredump+0xd80/0x1060 [ 2.821385] Code: e8 95 11 ed ff 48 c7 c6 cc a7 b4 81 48 8d bd 28 ff ff ff 89 c2 e8 70 f1 ff ff 41 89 c2 85 c0 0f 84 72 f7 ff ff e9 b4 fe ff ff <48> 8b 57 20 0f b7 02 66 25 00 f0 66 3d 00 8 0 0f 84 9c 01 00 00 44 [ 2.822014] RSP: 0000:ffffc9000029bcb8 EFLAGS: 00010246 [ 2.822339] RAX: 0000000000000000 RBX: ffff88803f860000 RCX: 000000000000000a [ 2.822746] RDX: 0000000000000009 RSI: 0000000000000282 RDI: 0000000000000000 [ 2.823141] RBP: ffffc9000029bde8 R08: 0000000000000000 R09: ffffc9000029bc00 [ 2.823508] R10: 0000000000000001 R11: ffff88803dec90be R12: ffffffff81c39da0 [ 2.823902] R13: ffff88803de84400 R14: 0000000000000000 R15: 0000000000000000 [ 2.824285] FS: 00007fee08183540(0000) GS:ffff88803e480000(0000) knlGS:0000000000000000 [ 2.824767] CS: 0010 DS: 0000 ES: 0000 CR0: 0000000080050033 [ 2.825111] CR2: 0000000000000020 CR3: 000000003f856005 CR4: 0000000000060ea0 [ 2.825479] Call Trace: [ 2.825790] get_signal+0x11e/0x720 [ 2.826087] do_signal+0x1d/0x670 [ 2.826361] ? force_sig_info_to_task+0xc1/0xf0 [ 2.826691] ? force_sig_fault+0x3c/0x40 [ 2.826996] ? do_trap+0xc9/0x100 [ 2.827179] exit_to_usermode_loop+0x49/0x90 [ 2.827359] prepare_exit_to_usermode+0x77/0xb0 [ 2.827559] ? invalid_op+0xa/0x30 [ 2.827747] ret_from_intr+0x20/0x20 [ 2.827921] RIP: 0033:0x55e2c76d2129 [ 2.828107] Code: 2d ff ff ff e8 68 ff ff ff 5d c6 05 18 2f 00 00 01 c3 0f 1f 80 00 00 00 00 c3 0f 1f 80 00 00 00 00 e9 7b ff ff ff 55 48 89 e5 <0f> 0b b8 00 00 00 00 5d c3 66 2e 0f 1f 84 0 0 00 00 00 00 0f 1f 40 [ 2.828603] RSP: 002b:00007fffeba5e080 EFLAGS: 00010246 [ 2.828801] RAX: 000055e2c76d2125 RBX: 0000000000000000 RCX: 00007fee0817c718 [ 2.829034] RDX: 00007fffeba5e188 RSI: 00007fffeba5e178 RDI: 0000000000000001 [ 2.829257] RBP: 00007fffeba5e080 R08: 0000000000000000 R09: 00007fee08193c00 [ 2.829482] R10: 0000000000000009 R11: 0000000000000000 R12: 000055e2c76d2040 [ 2.829727] R13: 0000000000000000 R14: 0000000000000000 R15: 0000000000000000 [ 2.829964] CR2: 0000000000000020 [ 2.830149] ---[ end trace ceed83d8c68a1bf1 ]--- ``` Cc: <stable@vger.kernel.org> # v4.11+ Fixes: 64e90a8acb85 ("Introduce STATIC_USERMODEHELPER to mediate call_usermodehelper()") BugLink: https://bugzilla.kernel.org/show_bug.cgi?id=199795 Reported-by: Tony Vroon <chainsaw@gentoo.org> Reported-by: Sergey Kvachonok <ravenexp@gmail.com> Tested-by: Sergei Trofimovich <slyfox@gentoo.org> Signed-off-by: Luis Chamberlain <mcgrof@kernel.org> Link: https://lore.kernel.org/r/20200416162859.26518-1-mcgrof@kernel.org Signed-off-by: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>
2020-04-27sysctl: pass kernel pointers to ->proc_handlerChristoph Hellwig1-1/+1
Instead of having all the sysctl handlers deal with user pointers, which is rather hairy in terms of the BPF interaction, copy the input to and from userspace in common code. This also means that the strings are always NUL-terminated by the common code, making the API a little bit safer. As most handler just pass through the data to one of the common handlers a lot of the changes are mechnical. Signed-off-by: Christoph Hellwig <hch@lst.de> Acked-by: Andrey Ignatov <rdna@fb.com> Signed-off-by: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>
2019-05-21treewide: Add SPDX license identifier for missed filesThomas Gleixner1-0/+1
Add SPDX license identifiers to all files which: - Have no license information of any form - Have EXPORT_.*_SYMBOL_GPL inside which was used in the initial scan/conversion to ignore the file These files fall under the project license, GPL v2 only. The resulting SPDX license identifier is: GPL-2.0-only Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de> Signed-off-by: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>
2019-01-11umh: add exit routine for UMH processTaehee Yoo1-2/+31
A UMH process which is created by the fork_usermode_blob() such as bpfilter needs to release members of the umh_info when process is terminated. But the do_exit() does not release members of the umh_info. hence module which uses UMH needs own code to detect whether UMH process is terminated or not. But this implementation needs extra code for checking the status of UMH process. it eventually makes the code more complex. The new PF_UMH flag is added and it is used to identify UMH processes. The exit_umh() does not release members of the umh_info. Hence umh_info->cleanup callback should release both members of the umh_info and the private data. Suggested-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net> Signed-off-by: Taehee Yoo <ap420073@gmail.com> Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
2018-10-22umh: Add command line to user mode helpersOlivier Brunel1-2/+14
User mode helpers were spawned without a command line, and because an empty command line is used by many tools to identify processes as kernel threads, this could cause some issues. Notably during killing spree on shutdown, since such helper would then be skipped (i.e. not killed) which would result in the process remaining alive, and thus preventing unmouting of the rootfs (as experienced with the bpfilter umh). Fixes: 449325b52b7a ("umh: introduce fork_usermode_blob() helper") Signed-off-by: Olivier Brunel <jjk@jjacky.com> Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
2018-06-07umh: fix race conditionAlexei Starovoitov1-2/+1
kasan reported use-after-free: BUG: KASAN: use-after-free in call_usermodehelper_exec_work+0x2d3/0x310 kernel/umh.c:195 Write of size 4 at addr ffff8801d9202370 by task kworker/u4:2/50 Workqueue: events_unbound call_usermodehelper_exec_work Call Trace: __dump_stack lib/dump_stack.c:77 [inline] dump_stack+0x1b9/0x294 lib/dump_stack.c:113 print_address_description+0x6c/0x20b mm/kasan/report.c:256 kasan_report_error mm/kasan/report.c:354 [inline] kasan_report.cold.7+0x242/0x2fe mm/kasan/report.c:412 __asan_report_store4_noabort+0x17/0x20 mm/kasan/report.c:437 call_usermodehelper_exec_work+0x2d3/0x310 kernel/umh.c:195 process_one_work+0xc1e/0x1b50 kernel/workqueue.c:2145 worker_thread+0x1cc/0x1440 kernel/workqueue.c:2279 kthread+0x345/0x410 kernel/kthread.c:240 ret_from_fork+0x3a/0x50 arch/x86/entry/entry_64.S:412 The reason is that 'sub_info' cannot be accessed out of parent task context, since it will be freed by the child. Instead remember the pid in the child task. Fixes: 449325b52b7a ("umh: introduce fork_usermode_blob() helper") Reported-by: syzbot+2c73319c406f1987d156@syzkaller.appspotmail.com Signed-off-by: Alexei Starovoitov <ast@kernel.org> Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
2018-05-23umh: introduce fork_usermode_blob() helperAlexei Starovoitov1-3/+122
Introduce helper: int fork_usermode_blob(void *data, size_t len, struct umh_info *info); struct umh_info { struct file *pipe_to_umh; struct file *pipe_from_umh; pid_t pid; }; that GPLed kernel modules (signed or unsigned) can use it to execute part of its own data as swappable user mode process. The kernel will do: - allocate a unique file in tmpfs - populate that file with [data, data + len] bytes - user-mode-helper code will do_execve that file and, before the process starts, the kernel will create two unix pipes for bidirectional communication between kernel module and umh - close tmpfs file, effectively deleting it - the fork_usermode_blob will return zero on success and populate 'struct umh_info' with two unix pipes and the pid of the user process As the first step in the development of the bpfilter project the fork_usermode_blob() helper is introduced to allow user mode code to be invoked from a kernel module. The idea is that user mode code plus normal kernel module code are built as part of the kernel build and installed as traditional kernel module into distro specified location, such that from a distribution point of view, there is no difference between regular kernel modules and kernel modules + umh code. Such modules can be signed, modprobed, rmmod, etc. The use of this new helper by a kernel module doesn't make it any special from kernel and user space tooling point of view. Such approach enables kernel to delegate functionality traditionally done by the kernel modules into the user space processes (either root or !root) and reduces security attack surface of the new code. The buggy umh code would crash the user process, but not the kernel. Another advantage is that umh code of the kernel module can be debugged and tested out of user space (e.g. opening the possibility to run clang sanitizers, fuzzers or user space test suites on the umh code). In case of the bpfilter project such architecture allows complex control plane to be done in the user space while bpf based data plane stays in the kernel. Since umh can crash, can be oom-ed by the kernel, killed by the admin, the kernel module that uses them (like bpfilter) needs to manage life time of umh on its own via two unix pipes and the pid of umh. The exit code of such kernel module should kill the umh it started, so that rmmod of the kernel module will cleanup the corresponding umh. Just like if the kernel module does kmalloc() it should kfree() it in the exit code. Signed-off-by: Alexei Starovoitov <ast@kernel.org> Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
2018-04-02kernel: use kernel_wait4() instead of sys_wait4()Dominik Brodowski1-2/+2
All call sites of sys_wait4() set *rusage to NULL. Therefore, there is no need for the copy_to_user() handling of *rusage, and we can use kernel_wait4() directly. This patch is part of a series which removes in-kernel calls to syscalls. On this basis, the syscall entry path can be streamlined. For details, see http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20180325162527.GA17492@light.dominikbrodowski.net Acked-by: Luis R. Rodriguez <mcgrof@kernel.org> Cc: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk> Cc: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Dominik Brodowski <linux@dominikbrodowski.net>
2017-11-17kernel/umh.c: optimize 'proc_cap_handler()'Christophe JAILLET1-2/+2
If 'write' is 0, we can avoid a call to spin_lock/spin_unlock. Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20171020193331.7233-1-christophe.jaillet@wanadoo.fr Signed-off-by: Christophe JAILLET <christophe.jaillet@wanadoo.fr> Acked-by: Luis R. Rodriguez <mcgrof@kernel.org> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2017-09-08kmod: split out umh code into its own fileLuis R. Rodriguez1-0/+568
Patch series "kmod: few code cleanups to split out umh code" The usermode helper has a provenance from the old usb code which first required a usermode helper. Eventually this was shoved into kmod.c and the kernel's modprobe calls was converted over eventually to share the same code. Over time the list of usermode helpers in the kernel has grown -- so kmod is just but one user of the API. This series is a simple logical cleanup which acknowledges the code evolution of the usermode helper and shoves the UMH API into its own dedicated file. This way users of the API can later just include umh.h instead of kmod.h. Note despite the diff state the first patch really is just a code shove, no functional changes are done there. I did use git format-patch -M to generate the patch, but in the end the split was not enough for git to consider it a rename hence the large diffstat. I've put this through 0-day and it gives me their machine compilation blessings with all tests as OK. This patch (of 4): There's a slew of usermode helper users and kmod is just one of them. Split out the usermode helper code into its own file to keep the logic and focus split up. This change provides no functional changes. Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20170810180618.22457-2-mcgrof@kernel.org Signed-off-by: Luis R. Rodriguez <mcgrof@kernel.org> Cc: Kees Cook <keescook@chromium.org> Cc: Dmitry Torokhov <dmitry.torokhov@gmail.com> Cc: Jessica Yu <jeyu@redhat.com> Cc: Rusty Russell <rusty@rustcorp.com.au> Cc: Michal Marek <mmarek@suse.com> Cc: Petr Mladek <pmladek@suse.com> Cc: Miroslav Benes <mbenes@suse.cz> Cc: Josh Poimboeuf <jpoimboe@redhat.com> Cc: Guenter Roeck <linux@roeck-us.net> Cc: "Eric W. Biederman" <ebiederm@xmission.com> Cc: Matt Redfearn <matt.redfearn@imgtec.com> Cc: Dan Carpenter <dan.carpenter@oracle.com> Cc: Colin Ian King <colin.king@canonical.com> Cc: Daniel Mentz <danielmentz@google.com> Cc: David Binderman <dcb314@hotmail.com> Cc: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

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