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2021-11-12net,lsm,selinux: revert the security_sctp_assoc_established() hookPaul Moore2-20/+1
This patch reverts two prior patches, e7310c94024c ("security: implement sctp_assoc_established hook in selinux") and 7c2ef0240e6a ("security: add sctp_assoc_established hook"), which create the security_sctp_assoc_established() LSM hook and provide a SELinux implementation. Unfortunately these two patches were merged without proper review (the Reviewed-by and Tested-by tags from Richard Haines were for previous revisions of these patches that were significantly different) and there are outstanding objections from the SELinux maintainers regarding these patches. Work is currently ongoing to correct the problems identified in the reverted patches, as well as others that have come up during review, but it is unclear at this point in time when that work will be ready for inclusion in the mainline kernel. In the interest of not keeping objectionable code in the kernel for multiple weeks, and potentially a kernel release, we are reverting the two problematic patches. Signed-off-by: Paul Moore <paul@paul-moore.com>
2021-11-11Merge tag 'apparmor-pr-2021-11-10' of ↵Linus Torvalds11-66/+90
git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/jj/linux-apparmor Pull apparmor updates from John Johansen: "Features - use per file locks for transactional queries - update policy management capability checks to work with LSM stacking Bug Fixes: - check/put label on apparmor_sk_clone_security() - fix error check on update of label hname - fix introspection of of task mode for unconfined tasks Cleanups: - avoid -Wempty-body warning - remove duplicated 'Returns:' comments - fix doc warning - remove unneeded one-line hook wrappers - use struct_size() helper in kzalloc() - fix zero-length compiler warning in AA_BUG() - file.h: delete duplicated word - delete repeated words in comments - remove repeated declaration" * tag 'apparmor-pr-2021-11-10' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/jj/linux-apparmor: apparmor: remove duplicated 'Returns:' comments apparmor: remove unneeded one-line hook wrappers apparmor: Use struct_size() helper in kzalloc() apparmor: fix zero-length compiler warning in AA_BUG() apparmor: use per file locks for transactional queries apparmor: fix doc warning apparmor: Remove the repeated declaration apparmor: avoid -Wempty-body warning apparmor: Fix internal policy capable check for policy management apparmor: fix error check security: apparmor: delete repeated words in comments security: apparmor: file.h: delete duplicated word apparmor: switch to apparmor to internal capable check for policy management apparmor: update policy capable checks to use a label apparmor: fix introspection of of task mode for unconfined tasks apparmor: check/put label on apparmor_sk_clone_security()
2021-11-11Merge tag 'net-5.16-rc1' of ↵Linus Torvalds4-26/+45
git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/netdev/net Pull networking fixes from Jakub Kicinski: "Including fixes from bpf, can and netfilter. Current release - regressions: - bpf: do not reject when the stack read size is different from the tracked scalar size - net: fix premature exit from NAPI state polling in napi_disable() - riscv, bpf: fix RV32 broken build, and silence RV64 warning Current release - new code bugs: - net: fix possible NULL deref in sock_reserve_memory - amt: fix error return code in amt_init(); fix stopping the workqueue - ax88796c: use the correct ioctl callback Previous releases - always broken: - bpf: stop caching subprog index in the bpf_pseudo_func insn - security: fixups for the security hooks in sctp - nfc: add necessary privilege flags in netlink layer, limit operations to admin only - vsock: prevent unnecessary refcnt inc for non-blocking connect - net/smc: fix sk_refcnt underflow on link down and fallback - nfnetlink_queue: fix OOB when mac header was cleared - can: j1939: ignore invalid messages per standard - bpf, sockmap: - fix race in ingress receive verdict with redirect to self - fix incorrect sk_skb data_end access when src_reg = dst_reg - strparser, and tls are reusing qdisc_skb_cb and colliding - ethtool: fix ethtool msg len calculation for pause stats - vlan: fix a UAF in vlan_dev_real_dev() when ref-holder tries to access an unregistering real_dev - udp6: make encap_rcv() bump the v6 not v4 stats - drv: prestera: add explicit padding to fix m68k build - drv: felix: fix broken VLAN-tagged PTP under VLAN-aware bridge - drv: mvpp2: fix wrong SerDes reconfiguration order Misc & small latecomers: - ipvs: auto-load ipvs on genl access - mctp: sanity check the struct sockaddr_mctp padding fields - libfs: support RENAME_EXCHANGE in simple_rename() - avoid double accounting for pure zerocopy skbs" * tag 'net-5.16-rc1' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/netdev/net: (123 commits) selftests/net: udpgso_bench_rx: fix port argument net: wwan: iosm: fix compilation warning cxgb4: fix eeprom len when diagnostics not implemented net: fix premature exit from NAPI state polling in napi_disable() net/smc: fix sk_refcnt underflow on linkdown and fallback net/mlx5: Lag, fix a potential Oops with mlx5_lag_create_definer() gve: fix unmatched u64_stats_update_end() net: ethernet: lantiq_etop: Fix compilation error selftests: forwarding: Fix packet matching in mirroring selftests vsock: prevent unnecessary refcnt inc for nonblocking connect net: marvell: mvpp2: Fix wrong SerDes reconfiguration order net: ethernet: ti: cpsw_ale: Fix access to un-initialized memory net: stmmac: allow a tc-taprio base-time of zero selftests: net: test_vxlan_under_vrf: fix HV connectivity test net: hns3: allow configure ETS bandwidth of all TCs net: hns3: remove check VF uc mac exist when set by PF net: hns3: fix some mac statistics is always 0 in device version V2 net: hns3: fix kernel crash when unload VF while it is being reset net: hns3: sync rx ring head in echo common pull net: hns3: fix pfc packet number incorrect after querying pfc parameters ...
2021-11-06Merge branch 'akpm' (patches from Andrew)Linus Torvalds1-14/+0
Merge misc updates from Andrew Morton: "257 patches. Subsystems affected by this patch series: scripts, ocfs2, vfs, and mm (slab-generic, slab, slub, kconfig, dax, kasan, debug, pagecache, gup, swap, memcg, pagemap, mprotect, mremap, iomap, tracing, vmalloc, pagealloc, memory-failure, hugetlb, userfaultfd, vmscan, tools, memblock, oom-kill, hugetlbfs, migration, thp, readahead, nommu, ksm, vmstat, madvise, memory-hotplug, rmap, zsmalloc, highmem, zram, cleanups, kfence, and damon)" * emailed patches from Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>: (257 commits) mm/damon: remove return value from before_terminate callback mm/damon: fix a few spelling mistakes in comments and a pr_debug message mm/damon: simplify stop mechanism Docs/admin-guide/mm/pagemap: wordsmith page flags descriptions Docs/admin-guide/mm/damon/start: simplify the content Docs/admin-guide/mm/damon/start: fix a wrong link Docs/admin-guide/mm/damon/start: fix wrong example commands mm/damon/dbgfs: add adaptive_targets list check before enable monitor_on mm/damon: remove unnecessary variable initialization Documentation/admin-guide/mm/damon: add a document for DAMON_RECLAIM mm/damon: introduce DAMON-based Reclamation (DAMON_RECLAIM) selftests/damon: support watermarks mm/damon/dbgfs: support watermarks mm/damon/schemes: activate schemes based on a watermarks mechanism tools/selftests/damon: update for regions prioritization of schemes mm/damon/dbgfs: support prioritization weights mm/damon/vaddr,paddr: support pageout prioritization mm/damon/schemes: prioritize regions within the quotas mm/damon/selftests: support schemes quotas mm/damon/dbgfs: support quotas of schemes ...
2021-11-06mm: remove HARDENED_USERCOPY_FALLBACKStephen Kitt1-14/+0
This has served its purpose and is no longer used. All usercopy violations appear to have been handled by now, any remaining instances (or new bugs) will cause copies to be rejected. This isn't a direct revert of commit 2d891fbc3bb6 ("usercopy: Allow strict enforcement of whitelists"); since usercopy_fallback is effectively 0, the fallback handling is removed too. This also removes the usercopy_fallback module parameter on slab_common. Link: https://github.com/KSPP/linux/issues/153 Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20210921061149.1091163-1-steve@sk2.org Signed-off-by: Stephen Kitt <steve@sk2.org> Suggested-by: Kees Cook <keescook@chromium.org> Acked-by: Kees Cook <keescook@chromium.org> Reviewed-by: Joel Stanley <joel@jms.id.au> [defconfig change] Acked-by: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com> Cc: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux.com> Cc: Pekka Enberg <penberg@kernel.org> Cc: Joonsoo Kim <iamjoonsoo.kim@lge.com> Cc: Vlastimil Babka <vbabka@suse.cz> Cc: James Morris <jmorris@namei.org> Cc: "Serge E . Hallyn" <serge@hallyn.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2021-11-03apparmor: remove duplicated 'Returns:' commentsAustin Kim1-2/+0
It might look better if duplicated 'Returns:' comment is removed. Signed-off-by: Austin Kim <austindh.kim@gmail.com> Signed-off-by: John Johansen <john.johansen@canonical.com>
2021-11-03apparmor: remove unneeded one-line hook wrappersFlorian Westphal1-18/+2
Use the common function directly. Signed-off-by: Florian Westphal <fw@strlen.de> Signed-off-by: John Johansen <john.johansen@canonical.com>
2021-11-03apparmor: Use struct_size() helper in kzalloc()Gustavo A. R. Silva2-4/+2
Make use of the struct_size() helper instead of an open-coded version, in order to avoid any potential type mistakes or integer overflows that, in the worse scenario, could lead to heap overflows. Link: https://github.com/KSPP/linux/issues/160 Signed-off-by: Gustavo A. R. Silva <gustavoars@kernel.org> Signed-off-by: John Johansen <john.johansen@canonical.com>
2021-11-03security: implement sctp_assoc_established hook in selinuxXin Long1-1/+13
Different from selinux_inet_conn_established(), it also gives the secid to asoc->peer_secid in selinux_sctp_assoc_established(), as one UDP-type socket may have more than one asocs. Note that peer_secid in asoc will save the peer secid for this asoc connection, and peer_sid in sksec will just keep the peer secid for the latest connection. So the right use should be do peeloff for UDP-type socket if there will be multiple asocs in one socket, so that the peeloff socket has the right label for its asoc. v1->v2: - call selinux_inet_conn_established() to reduce some code duplication in selinux_sctp_assoc_established(), as Ondrej suggested. - when doing peeloff, it calls sock_create() where it actually gets secid for socket from socket_sockcreate_sid(). So reuse SECSID_WILD to ensure the peeloff socket keeps using that secid after calling selinux_sctp_sk_clone() for client side. Fixes: 72e89f50084c ("security: Add support for SCTP security hooks") Reported-by: Prashanth Prahlad <pprahlad@redhat.com> Reviewed-by: Richard Haines <richard_c_haines@btinternet.com> Tested-by: Richard Haines <richard_c_haines@btinternet.com> Signed-off-by: Xin Long <lucien.xin@gmail.com> Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
2021-11-03security: add sctp_assoc_established hookXin Long1-0/+7
security_sctp_assoc_established() is added to replace security_inet_conn_established() called in sctp_sf_do_5_1E_ca(), so that asoc can be accessed in security subsystem and save the peer secid to asoc->peer_secid. v1->v2: - fix the return value of security_sctp_assoc_established() in security.h, found by kernel test robot and Ondrej. Fixes: 72e89f50084c ("security: Add support for SCTP security hooks") Reported-by: Prashanth Prahlad <pprahlad@redhat.com> Reviewed-by: Richard Haines <richard_c_haines@btinternet.com> Tested-by: Richard Haines <richard_c_haines@btinternet.com> Signed-off-by: Xin Long <lucien.xin@gmail.com> Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
2021-11-03security: pass asoc to sctp_assoc_request and sctp_sk_cloneXin Long4-26/+26
This patch is to move secid and peer_secid from endpoint to association, and pass asoc to sctp_assoc_request and sctp_sk_clone instead of ep. As ep is the local endpoint and asoc represents a connection, and in SCTP one sk/ep could have multiple asoc/connection, saving secid/peer_secid for new asoc will overwrite the old asoc's. Note that since asoc can be passed as NULL, security_sctp_assoc_request() is moved to the place right after the new_asoc is created in sctp_sf_do_5_1B_init() and sctp_sf_do_unexpected_init(). v1->v2: - fix the description of selinux_netlbl_skbuff_setsid(), as Jakub noticed. - fix the annotation in selinux_sctp_assoc_request(), as Richard Noticed. Fixes: 72e89f50084c ("security: Add support for SCTP security hooks") Reported-by: Prashanth Prahlad <pprahlad@redhat.com> Reviewed-by: Richard Haines <richard_c_haines@btinternet.com> Tested-by: Richard Haines <richard_c_haines@btinternet.com> Signed-off-by: Xin Long <lucien.xin@gmail.com> Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
2021-11-03apparmor: fix zero-length compiler warning in AA_BUG()John Johansen1-1/+6
Uses of AA_BUG() without a message can result in the compiler warning warning: zero-length gnu_printf format string [-Wformat-zero-length] Fix this with a pragma for now. A larger rework of AA_BUG() will follow. Signed-off-by: John Johansen <john.johansen@canonical.com>
2021-11-03apparmor: use per file locks for transactional queriesHamza Mahfooz1-6/+5
As made mention of in commit 1dea3b41e84c5 ("apparmor: speed up transactional queries"), a single lock is currently used to synchronize transactional queries. We can, use the lock allocated for each file by VFS instead. Signed-off-by: Hamza Mahfooz <someguy@effective-light.com> Signed-off-by: John Johansen <john.johansen@canonical.com>
2021-11-03apparmor: fix doc warningChenXiaoSong1-1/+1
Fix gcc W=1 warning: security/apparmor/apparmorfs.c:2125: warning: Function parameter or member 'p' not described in '__next_profile' Signed-off-by: ChenXiaoSong <chenxiaosong2@huawei.com> Signed-off-by: John Johansen <john.johansen@canonical.com>
2021-11-03apparmor: Remove the repeated declarationShaokun Zhang1-4/+0
Function 'aa_labelset_destroy' and 'aa_labelset_init' are declared twice, so remove the repeated declaration and unnecessary blank line. Cc: John Johansen <john.johansen@canonical.com> Cc: James Morris <jmorris@namei.org> Cc: "Serge E. Hallyn" <serge@hallyn.com> Signed-off-by: Shaokun Zhang <zhangshaokun@hisilicon.com> Signed-off-by: John Johansen <john.johansen@canonical.com>
2021-11-03apparmor: avoid -Wempty-body warningArnd Bergmann1-1/+1
Building with 'make W=1' shows a warning for an empty macro: security/apparmor/label.c: In function '__label_update': security/apparmor/label.c:2096:59: error: suggest braces around empty body in an 'else' statement [-Werror=empty-body] 2096 | AA_BUG(labels_ns(label) != labels_ns(new)); Change the macro definition to use no_printk(), which improves format string checking and avoids the warning. Signed-off-by: Arnd Bergmann <arnd@arndb.de> Signed-off-by: John Johansen <john.johansen@canonical.com>
2021-11-02Merge tag 'integrity-v5.16' of ↵Linus Torvalds3-45/+202
git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/zohar/linux-integrity Pull integrity subsystem updates from Mimi Zohar: "Other than the new gid IMA policy rule support and the RCU locking fix, the couple of remaining changes are minor/trivial (e.g. __ro_after_init, replacing strscpy)" * tag 'integrity-v5.16' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/zohar/linux-integrity: evm: mark evm_fixmode as __ro_after_init ima: Use strscpy instead of strlcpy ima_policy: Remove duplicate 'the' in docs comment ima: add gid support ima: fix uid code style problems ima: fix deadlock when traversing "ima_default_rules".
2021-11-01Merge tag 'audit-pr-20211101' of ↵Linus Torvalds1-1/+1
git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/pcmoore/audit Pull audit updates from Paul Moore: "Add some additional audit logging to capture the openat2() syscall open_how struct info. Previous variations of the open()/openat() syscalls allowed audit admins to inspect the syscall args to get the information contained in the new open_how struct used in openat2()" * tag 'audit-pr-20211101' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/pcmoore/audit: audit: return early if the filter rule has a lower priority audit: add OPENAT2 record to list "how" info audit: add support for the openat2 syscall audit: replace magic audit syscall class numbers with macros lsm_audit: avoid overloading the "key" audit field audit: Convert to SPDX identifier audit: rename struct node to struct audit_node to prevent future name collisions
2021-11-01Merge tag 'selinux-pr-20211101' of ↵Linus Torvalds10-255/+272
git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/pcmoore/selinux Pull selinux updates from Paul Moore: - Add LSM/SELinux/Smack controls and auditing for io-uring. As usual, the individual commit descriptions have more detail, but we were basically missing two things which we're adding here: + establishment of a proper audit context so that auditing of io-uring ops works similarly to how it does for syscalls (with some io-uring additions because io-uring ops are *not* syscalls) + additional LSM hooks to enable access control points for some of the more unusual io-uring features, e.g. credential overrides. The additional audit callouts and LSM hooks were done in conjunction with the io-uring folks, based on conversations and RFC patches earlier in the year. - Fixup the binder credential handling so that the proper credentials are used in the LSM hooks; the commit description and the code comment which is removed in these patches are helpful to understand the background and why this is the proper fix. - Enable SELinux genfscon policy support for securityfs, allowing improved SELinux filesystem labeling for other subsystems which make use of securityfs, e.g. IMA. * tag 'selinux-pr-20211101' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/pcmoore/selinux: security: Return xattr name from security_dentry_init_security() selinux: fix a sock regression in selinux_ip_postroute_compat() binder: use cred instead of task for getsecid binder: use cred instead of task for selinux checks binder: use euid from cred instead of using task LSM: Avoid warnings about potentially unused hook variables selinux: fix all of the W=1 build warnings selinux: make better use of the nf_hook_state passed to the NF hooks selinux: fix race condition when computing ocontext SIDs selinux: remove unneeded ipv6 hook wrappers selinux: remove the SELinux lockdown implementation selinux: enable genfscon labeling for securityfs Smack: Brutalist io_uring support selinux: add support for the io_uring access controls lsm,io_uring: add LSM hooks to io_uring io_uring: convert io_uring to the secure anon inode interface fs: add anon_inode_getfile_secure() similar to anon_inode_getfd_secure() audit: add filtering for io_uring records audit,io_uring,io-wq: add some basic audit support to io_uring audit: prepare audit_context for use in calling contexts beyond syscalls
2021-11-01Merge tag 'Smack-for-5.16' of https://github.com/cschaufler/smack-nextLinus Torvalds3-44/+34
Pull smack updates from Casey Schaufler: "Multiple corrections to smackfs: - a change for overlayfs support that corrects the initial attributes on created files - code clean-up for netlabel processing - several fixes in smackfs for a variety of reasons - Errors reported by W=1 have been addressed All told, nothing challenging" * tag 'Smack-for-5.16' of https://github.com/cschaufler/smack-next: smackfs: use netlbl_cfg_cipsov4_del() for deleting cipso_v4_doi smackfs: use __GFP_NOFAIL for smk_cipso_doi() Smack: fix W=1 build warnings smack: remove duplicated hook function Smack:- Use overlay inode label in smack_inode_copy_up() smack: Guard smack_ipv6_lock definition within a SMACK_IPV6_PORT_LABELING block smackfs: Fix use-after-free in netlbl_catmap_walk()
2021-11-01Merge tag 'overflow-v5.16-rc1' of ↵Linus Torvalds1-0/+3
git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/kees/linux Pull overflow updates from Kees Cook: "The end goal of the current buffer overflow detection work[0] is to gain full compile-time and run-time coverage of all detectable buffer overflows seen via array indexing or memcpy(), memmove(), and memset(). The str*() family of functions already have full coverage. While much of the work for these changes have been on-going for many releases (i.e. 0-element and 1-element array replacements, as well as avoiding false positives and fixing discovered overflows[1]), this series contains the foundational elements of several related buffer overflow detection improvements by providing new common helpers and FORTIFY_SOURCE changes needed to gain the introspection required for compiler visibility into array sizes. Also included are a handful of already Acked instances using the helpers (or related clean-ups), with many more waiting at the ready to be taken via subsystem-specific trees[2]. The new helpers are: - struct_group() for gaining struct member range introspection - memset_after() and memset_startat() for clearing to the end of structures - DECLARE_FLEX_ARRAY() for using flex arrays in unions or alone in structs Also included is the beginning of the refactoring of FORTIFY_SOURCE to support memcpy() introspection, fix missing and regressed coverage under GCC, and to prepare to fix the currently broken Clang support. Finishing this work is part of the larger series[0], but depends on all the false positives and buffer overflow bug fixes to have landed already and those that depend on this series to land. As part of the FORTIFY_SOURCE refactoring, a set of both a compile-time and run-time tests are added for FORTIFY_SOURCE and the mem*()-family functions respectively. The compile time tests have found a legitimate (though corner-case) bug[6] already. Please note that the appearance of "panic" and "BUG" in the FORTIFY_SOURCE refactoring are the result of relocating existing code, and no new use of those code-paths are expected nor desired. Finally, there are two tree-wide conversions for 0-element arrays and flexible array unions to gain sane compiler introspection coverage that result in no known object code differences. After this series (and the changes that have now landed via netdev and usb), we are very close to finally being able to build with -Warray-bounds and -Wzero-length-bounds. However, due corner cases in GCC[3] and Clang[4], I have not included the last two patches that turn on these options, as I don't want to introduce any known warnings to the build. Hopefully these can be solved soon" Link: https://lore.kernel.org/lkml/20210818060533.3569517-1-keescook@chromium.org/ [0] Link: https://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/torvalds/linux.git/log/?qt=grep&q=FORTIFY_SOURCE [1] Link: https://lore.kernel.org/lkml/202108220107.3E26FE6C9C@keescook/ [2] Link: https://lore.kernel.org/lkml/3ab153ec-2798-da4c-f7b1-81b0ac8b0c5b@roeck-us.net/ [3] Link: https://bugs.llvm.org/show_bug.cgi?id=51682 [4] Link: https://lore.kernel.org/lkml/202109051257.29B29745C0@keescook/ [5] Link: https://lore.kernel.org/lkml/20211020200039.170424-1-keescook@chromium.org/ [6] * tag 'overflow-v5.16-rc1' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/kees/linux: (30 commits) fortify: strlen: Avoid shadowing previous locals compiler-gcc.h: Define __SANITIZE_ADDRESS__ under hwaddress sanitizer treewide: Replace 0-element memcpy() destinations with flexible arrays treewide: Replace open-coded flex arrays in unions stddef: Introduce DECLARE_FLEX_ARRAY() helper btrfs: Use memset_startat() to clear end of struct string.h: Introduce memset_startat() for wiping trailing members and padding xfrm: Use memset_after() to clear padding string.h: Introduce memset_after() for wiping trailing members/padding lib: Introduce CONFIG_MEMCPY_KUNIT_TEST fortify: Add compile-time FORTIFY_SOURCE tests fortify: Allow strlen() and strnlen() to pass compile-time known lengths fortify: Prepare to improve strnlen() and strlen() warnings fortify: Fix dropped strcpy() compile-time write overflow check fortify: Explicitly disable Clang support fortify: Move remaining fortify helpers into fortify-string.h lib/string: Move helper functions out of string.c compiler_types.h: Remove __compiletime_object_size() cm4000_cs: Use struct_group() to zero struct cm4000_dev region can: flexcan: Use struct_group() to zero struct flexcan_regs regions ...
2021-11-01Merge tag 'hardening-v5.16-rc1' of ↵Linus Torvalds1-4/+10
git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/kees/linux Pull compiler hardening updates from Kees Cook: "These are various compiler-related hardening feature updates. Notable is the addition of an explicit limited rationale for, and deprecation schedule of, gcc-plugins. gcc-plugins: - remove support for GCC 4.9 and older (Ard Biesheuvel) - remove duplicate include in gcc-common.h (Ye Guojin) - Explicitly document purpose and deprecation schedule (Kees Cook) - Remove cyc_complexity (Kees Cook) instrumentation: - Avoid harmless Clang option under CONFIG_INIT_STACK_ALL_ZERO (Kees Cook) Clang LTO: - kallsyms: strip LTO suffixes from static functions (Nick Desaulniers)" * tag 'hardening-v5.16-rc1' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/kees/linux: gcc-plugins: remove duplicate include in gcc-common.h gcc-plugins: Remove cyc_complexity gcc-plugins: Explicitly document purpose and deprecation schedule kallsyms: strip LTO suffixes from static functions gcc-plugins: remove support for GCC 4.9 and older hardening: Avoid harmless Clang option under CONFIG_INIT_STACK_ALL_ZERO
2021-11-01apparmor: Fix internal policy capable check for policy managementJohn Johansen1-1/+1
The check was incorrectly treating a returned error as a boolean. Fixes: 31ec99e13346 ("apparmor: switch to apparmor to internal capable check for policy management") Signed-off-by: John Johansen <john.johansen@canonical.com>
2021-10-28evm: mark evm_fixmode as __ro_after_initAustin Kim1-1/+1
The evm_fixmode is only configurable by command-line option and it is never modified outside initcalls, so declaring it with __ro_after_init is better. Signed-off-by: Austin Kim <austin.kim@lge.com> Cc: stable@vger.kernel.org Signed-off-by: Mimi Zohar <zohar@linux.ibm.com>
2021-10-22smackfs: use netlbl_cfg_cipsov4_del() for deleting cipso_v4_doiTetsuo Handa1-1/+1
syzbot is reporting UAF at cipso_v4_doi_search() [1], for smk_cipso_doi() is calling kfree() without removing from the cipso_v4_doi_list list after netlbl_cfg_cipsov4_map_add() returned an error. We need to use netlbl_cfg_cipsov4_del() in order to remove from the list and wait for RCU grace period before kfree(). Link: https://syzkaller.appspot.com/bug?extid=93dba5b91f0fed312cbd [1] Reported-by: syzbot <syzbot+93dba5b91f0fed312cbd@syzkaller.appspotmail.com> Signed-off-by: Tetsuo Handa <penguin-kernel@I-love.SAKURA.ne.jp> Fixes: 6c2e8ac0953fccdd ("netlabel: Update kernel configuration API") Signed-off-by: Casey Schaufler <casey@schaufler-ca.com>
2021-10-22smackfs: use __GFP_NOFAIL for smk_cipso_doi()Tetsuo Handa1-3/+1
syzbot is reporting kernel panic at smk_cipso_doi() due to memory allocation fault injection [1]. The reason for need to use panic() was not explained. But since no fix was proposed for 18 months, for now let's use __GFP_NOFAIL for utilizing syzbot resource on other bugs. Link: https://syzkaller.appspot.com/bug?extid=89731ccb6fec15ce1c22 [1] Reported-by: syzbot <syzbot+89731ccb6fec15ce1c22@syzkaller.appspotmail.com> Signed-off-by: Tetsuo Handa <penguin-kernel@I-love.SAKURA.ne.jp> Signed-off-by: Casey Schaufler <casey@schaufler-ca.com>
2021-10-21Merge branch 'ucount-fixes-for-v5.15' of ↵Linus Torvalds1-0/+8
git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/ebiederm/user-namespace Pull ucounts fixes from Eric Biederman: "There has been one very hard to track down bug in the ucount code that we have been tracking since roughly v5.14 was released. Alex managed to find a reliable reproducer a few days ago and then I was able to instrument the code and figure out what the issue was. It turns out the sigqueue_alloc single atomic operation optimization did not play nicely with ucounts multiple level rlimits. It turned out that either sigqueue_alloc or sigqueue_free could be operating on multiple levels and trigger the conditions for the optimization on more than one level at the same time. To deal with that situation I have introduced inc_rlimit_get_ucounts and dec_rlimit_put_ucounts that just focuses on the optimization and the rlimit and ucount changes. While looking into the big bug I found I couple of other little issues so I am including those fixes here as well. When I have time I would very much like to dig into process ownership of the shared signal queue and see if we could pick a single owner for the entire queue so that all of the rlimits can count to that owner. That should entirely remove the need to call get_ucounts and put_ucounts in sigqueue_alloc and sigqueue_free. It is difficult because Linux unlike POSIX supports setuid that works on a single thread" * 'ucount-fixes-for-v5.15' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/ebiederm/user-namespace: ucounts: Move get_ucounts from cred_alloc_blank to key_change_session_keyring ucounts: Proper error handling in set_cred_ucounts ucounts: Pair inc_rlimit_ucounts with dec_rlimit_ucoutns in commit_creds ucounts: Fix signal ucount refcounting
2021-10-21gcc-plugins: Explicitly document purpose and deprecation scheduleKees Cook1-3/+6
GCC plugins should only exist when some compiler feature needs to be proven but does not exist in either GCC nor Clang. For example, if a desired feature is already in Clang, it should be added to GCC upstream. Document this explicitly. Additionally, mark the plugins with matching upstream GCC features as removable past their respective GCC versions. Cc: Masahiro Yamada <masahiroy@kernel.org> Cc: Michal Marek <michal.lkml@markovi.net> Cc: Nick Desaulniers <ndesaulniers@google.com> Cc: Jonathan Corbet <corbet@lwn.net> Cc: James Morris <jmorris@namei.org> Cc: "Serge E. Hallyn" <serge@hallyn.com> Cc: Nathan Chancellor <nathan@kernel.org> Cc: linux-hardening@vger.kernel.org Cc: linux-kbuild@vger.kernel.org Cc: linux-doc@vger.kernel.org Cc: linux-security-module@vger.kernel.org Cc: llvm@lists.linux.dev Signed-off-by: Kees Cook <keescook@chromium.org> Reviewed-by: Nathan Chancellor <nathan@kernel.org> Reviewed-by: Miguel Ojeda <ojeda@kernel.org> Acked-by: Nick Desaulniers <ndesaulniers@google.com> Acked-by: Ard Biesheuvel <ardb@kernel.org> Link: https://lore.kernel.org/r/20211020173554.38122-2-keescook@chromium.org
2021-10-20ucounts: Move get_ucounts from cred_alloc_blank to key_change_session_keyringEric W. Biederman1-0/+8
Setting cred->ucounts in cred_alloc_blank does not make sense. The uid and user_ns are deliberately not set in cred_alloc_blank but instead the setting is delayed until key_change_session_keyring. So move dealing with ucounts into key_change_session_keyring as well. Unfortunately that movement of get_ucounts adds a new failure mode to key_change_session_keyring. I do not see anything stopping the parent process from calling setuid and changing the relevant part of it's cred while keyctl_session_to_parent is running making it fundamentally necessary to call get_ucounts in key_change_session_keyring. Which means that the new failure mode cannot be avoided. A failure of key_change_session_keyring results in a single threaded parent keeping it's existing credentials. Which results in the parent process not being able to access the session keyring and whichever keys are in the new keyring. Further get_ucounts is only expected to fail if the number of bits in the refernece count for the structure is too few. Since the code has no other way to report the failure of get_ucounts and because such failures are not expected to be common add a WARN_ONCE to report this problem to userspace. Between the WARN_ONCE and the parent process not having access to the keys in the new session keyring I expect any failure of get_ucounts will be noticed and reported and we can find another way to handle this condition. (Possibly by just making ucounts->count an atomic_long_t). Cc: stable@vger.kernel.org Fixes: 905ae01c4ae2 ("Add a reference to ucounts for each cred") Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/7k0ias0uf.fsf_-_@disp2133 Tested-by: Yu Zhao <yuzhao@google.com> Reviewed-by: Alexey Gladkov <legion@kernel.org> Signed-off-by: "Eric W. Biederman" <ebiederm@xmission.com>
2021-10-20security: Return xattr name from security_dentry_init_security()Vivek Goyal2-4/+9
Right now security_dentry_init_security() only supports single security label and is used by SELinux only. There are two users of this hook, namely ceph and nfs. NFS does not care about xattr name. Ceph hardcodes the xattr name to security.selinux (XATTR_NAME_SELINUX). I am making changes to fuse/virtiofs to send security label to virtiofsd and I need to send xattr name as well. I also hardcoded the name of xattr to security.selinux. Stephen Smalley suggested that it probably is a good idea to modify security_dentry_init_security() to also return name of xattr so that we can avoid this hardcoding in the callers. This patch adds a new parameter "const char **xattr_name" to security_dentry_init_security() and LSM puts the name of xattr too if caller asked for it (xattr_name != NULL). Signed-off-by: Vivek Goyal <vgoyal@redhat.com> Reviewed-by: Jeff Layton <jlayton@kernel.org> Reviewed-by: Christian Brauner <christian.brauner@ubuntu.com> Acked-by: James Morris <jamorris@linux.microsoft.com> [PM: fixed typos in the commit description] Signed-off-by: Paul Moore <paul@paul-moore.com>
2021-10-19selinux: fix a sock regression in selinux_ip_postroute_compat()Paul Moore1-2/+2
Unfortunately we can't rely on nf_hook_state->sk being the proper originating socket so revert to using skb_to_full_sk(skb). Fixes: 1d1e1ded1356 ("selinux: make better use of the nf_hook_state passed to the NF hooks") Reported-by: Linux Kernel Functional Testing <lkft@linaro.org> Suggested-by: Florian Westphal <fw@strlen.de> Signed-off-by: Paul Moore <paul@paul-moore.com>
2021-10-14binder: use cred instead of task for selinux checksTodd Kjos2-42/+20
Since binder was integrated with selinux, it has passed 'struct task_struct' associated with the binder_proc to represent the source and target of transactions. The conversion of task to SID was then done in the hook implementations. It turns out that there are race conditions which can result in an incorrect security context being used. Fix by using the 'struct cred' saved during binder_open and pass it to the selinux subsystem. Cc: stable@vger.kernel.org # 5.14 (need backport for earlier stables) Fixes: 79af73079d75 ("Add security hooks to binder and implement the hooks for SELinux.") Suggested-by: Jann Horn <jannh@google.com> Signed-off-by: Todd Kjos <tkjos@google.com> Acked-by: Casey Schaufler <casey@schaufler-ca.com> Signed-off-by: Paul Moore <paul@paul-moore.com>
2021-10-14LSM: Avoid warnings about potentially unused hook variablesKees Cook1-1/+1
Building with W=1 shows many unused const variable warnings. These can be silenced, as we're well aware of their being potentially unused: ./include/linux/lsm_hook_defs.h:36:18: error: 'ptrace_access_check_default' defined but not used [-Werror=unused-const-variable=] 36 | LSM_HOOK(int, 0, ptrace_access_check, struct task_struct *child, | ^~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ security/security.c:706:32: note: in definition of macro 'LSM_RET_DEFAULT' 706 | #define LSM_RET_DEFAULT(NAME) (NAME##_default) | ^~~~ security/security.c:711:9: note: in expansion of macro 'DECLARE_LSM_RET_DEFAULT_int' 711 | DECLARE_LSM_RET_DEFAULT_##RET(DEFAULT, NAME) | ^~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ ./include/linux/lsm_hook_defs.h:36:1: note: in expansion of macro 'LSM_HOOK' 36 | LSM_HOOK(int, 0, ptrace_access_check, struct task_struct *child, | ^~~~~~~~ Cc: James Morris <jmorris@namei.org> Cc: "Serge E. Hallyn" <serge@hallyn.com> Cc: Paul Moore <paul@paul-moore.com> Cc: Casey Schaufler <casey@schaufler-ca.com> Cc: KP Singh <kpsingh@chromium.org> Cc: linux-security-module@vger.kernel.org Reported-by: kernel test robot <lkp@intel.com> Link: https://lore.kernel.org/linux-mm/202110131608.zms53FPR-lkp@intel.com/ Fixes: 98e828a0650f ("security: Refactor declaration of LSM hooks") Signed-off-by: Kees Cook <keescook@chromium.org> Acked-by: James Morris <jamorris@linux.microsoft.com> Signed-off-by: Paul Moore <paul@paul-moore.com>
2021-10-13Smack: fix W=1 build warningsCasey Schaufler1-12/+18
A couple of functions had malformed comment blocks. Namespace parameters were added without updating the comment blocks. These are all repaired in the Smack code, so "% make W=1 security/smack" is warning free. Signed-off-by: Casey Schaufler <casey@schaufler-ca.com>
2021-10-13selinux: fix all of the W=1 build warningsPaul Moore6-8/+33
There were a number of places in the code where the function definition did not match the associated comment block as well at least one file where the appropriate header files were not included (missing function declaration/prototype); this patch fixes all of these issue such that building the SELinux code with "W=1" is now warning free. % make W=1 security/selinux/ Signed-off-by: Paul Moore <paul@paul-moore.com>
2021-10-13selinux: make better use of the nf_hook_state passed to the NF hooksPaul Moore1-27/+25
This patch builds on a previous SELinux/netfilter patch by Florian Westphal and makes better use of the nf_hook_state variable passed into the SELinux/netfilter hooks as well as a number of other small cleanups in the related code. Signed-off-by: Paul Moore <paul@paul-moore.com>
2021-10-12smack: remove duplicated hook functionFlorian Westphal1-23/+3
ipv4 and ipv6 hook functions are identical, remove one. Signed-off-by: Florian Westphal <fw@strlen.de> Signed-off-by: Casey Schaufler <casey@schaufler-ca.com>
2021-10-11selinux: fix race condition when computing ocontext SIDsOndrej Mosnacek1-85/+77
Current code contains a lot of racy patterns when converting an ocontext's context structure to an SID. This is being done in a "lazy" fashion, such that the SID is looked up in the SID table only when it's first needed and then cached in the "sid" field of the ocontext structure. However, this is done without any locking or memory barriers and is thus unsafe. Between commits 24ed7fdae669 ("selinux: use separate table for initial SID lookup") and 66f8e2f03c02 ("selinux: sidtab reverse lookup hash table"), this race condition lead to an actual observable bug, because a pointer to the shared sid field was passed directly to sidtab_context_to_sid(), which was using this location to also store an intermediate value, which could have been read by other threads and interpreted as an SID. In practice this caused e.g. new mounts to get a wrong (seemingly random) filesystem context, leading to strange denials. This bug has been spotted in the wild at least twice, see [1] and [2]. Fix the race condition by making all the racy functions use a common helper that ensures the ocontext::sid accesses are made safely using the appropriate SMP constructs. Note that security_netif_sid() was populating the sid field of both contexts stored in the ocontext, but only the first one was actually used. The SELinux wiki's documentation on the "netifcon" policy statement [3] suggests that using only the first context is intentional. I kept only the handling of the first context here, as there is really no point in doing the SID lookup for the unused one. I wasn't able to reproduce the bug mentioned above on any kernel that includes commit 66f8e2f03c02, even though it has been reported that the issue occurs with that commit, too, just less frequently. Thus, I wasn't able to verify that this patch fixes the issue, but it makes sense to avoid the race condition regardless. [1] https://github.com/containers/container-selinux/issues/89 [2] https://lists.fedoraproject.org/archives/list/selinux@lists.fedoraproject.org/thread/6DMTAMHIOAOEMUAVTULJD45JZU7IBAFM/ [3] https://selinuxproject.org/page/NetworkStatements#netifcon Cc: stable@vger.kernel.org Cc: Xinjie Zheng <xinjie@google.com> Reported-by: Sujithra Periasamy <sujithra@google.com> Fixes: 1da177e4c3f4 ("Linux-2.6.12-rc2") Signed-off-by: Ondrej Mosnacek <omosnace@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: Paul Moore <paul@paul-moore.com>
2021-10-11selinux: remove unneeded ipv6 hook wrappersFlorian Westphal1-62/+18
Netfilter places the protocol number the hook function is getting called from in state->pf, so we can use that instead of an extra wrapper. While at it, remove one-line wrappers too and make selinux_ip_{out,forward,postroute} useable as hook function. Signed-off-by: Florian Westphal <fw@strlen.de> Message-Id: <20211011202229.28289-1-fw@strlen.de> Signed-off-by: Paul Moore <paul@paul-moore.com>
2021-10-09ima: Use strscpy instead of strlcpyPetr Vorel2-2/+2
strlcpy is deprecated, use its safer replacement. Signed-off-by: Petr Vorel <pvorel@suse.cz> Signed-off-by: Mimi Zohar <zohar@linux.ibm.com>
2021-10-09ima_policy: Remove duplicate 'the' in docs commentPetr Vorel1-2/+1
Also join string (short enough to be on single line). Signed-off-by: Petr Vorel <pvorel@suse.cz> Signed-off-by: Mimi Zohar <zohar@linux.ibm.com>
2021-10-09ima: add gid supportCurtis Veit1-27/+174
IMA currently supports the concept of rules based on uid where the rule is based on the uid of the file owner or the uid of the user accessing the file. Provide the ability to have similar rules based on gid. Signed-off-by: Curtis Veit <veit@vpieng.com> Co-developed-by: Alex Henrie <alexh@vpitech.com> Signed-off-by: Alex Henrie <alexh@vpitech.com> Reviewed-by: Petr Vorel <pvorel@suse.cz> Signed-off-by: Mimi Zohar <zohar@linux.ibm.com>
2021-10-09ima: fix uid code style problemsAlex Henrie1-4/+6
scripts/checkpatch.pl wants function arguments to have names; and Mimi prefers to keep the line length in functions to 80 characters or less. Signed-off-by: Alex Henrie <alexh@vpitech.com> Reviewed-by: Petr Vorel <pvorel@suse.cz> Signed-off-by: Mimi Zohar <zohar@linux.ibm.com>
2021-10-09ima: fix deadlock when traversing "ima_default_rules".liqiong1-9/+18
The current IMA ruleset is identified by the variable "ima_rules" that default to "&ima_default_rules". When loading a custom policy for the first time, the variable is updated to "&ima_policy_rules" instead. That update isn't RCU-safe, and deadlocks are possible. Indeed, some functions like ima_match_policy() may loop indefinitely when traversing "ima_default_rules" with list_for_each_entry_rcu(). When iterating over the default ruleset back to head, if the list head is "ima_default_rules", and "ima_rules" have been updated to "&ima_policy_rules", the loop condition (&entry->list != ima_rules) stays always true, traversing won't terminate, causing a soft lockup and RCU stalls. Introduce a temporary value for "ima_rules" when iterating over the ruleset to avoid the deadlocks. Signed-off-by: liqiong <liqiong@nfschina.com> Reviewed-by: THOBY Simon <Simon.THOBY@viveris.fr> Fixes: 38d859f991f3 ("IMA: policy can now be updated multiple times") Reported-by: kernel test robot <lkp@intel.com> (Fix sparse: incompatible types in comparison expression.) Signed-off-by: Mimi Zohar <zohar@linux.ibm.com>
2021-10-07Merge branch 'master' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/klassert/David S. Miller1-1/+3
ipsec Steffen Klassert says: ==================== pull request (net): ipsec 2021-10-07 1) Fix a sysbot reported shift-out-of-bounds in xfrm_get_default. From Pavel Skripkin. 2) Fix XFRM_MSG_MAPPING ABI breakage. The new XFRM_MSG_MAPPING messages were accidentally not paced at the end. Fix by Eugene Syromiatnikov. 3) Fix the uapi for the default policy, use explicit field and macros and make it accessible to userland. From Nicolas Dichtel. 4) Fix a missing rcu lock in xfrm_notify_userpolicy(). From Nicolas Dichtel. Please pull or let me know if there are problems. ==================== Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
2021-09-30selinux: remove the SELinux lockdown implementationPaul Moore2-32/+0
NOTE: This patch intentionally omits any "Fixes:" metadata or stable tagging since it removes a SELinux access control check; while removing the control point is the right thing to do moving forward, removing it in stable kernels could be seen as a regression. The original SELinux lockdown implementation in 59438b46471a ("security,lockdown,selinux: implement SELinux lockdown") used the current task's credentials as both the subject and object in the SELinux lockdown hook, selinux_lockdown(). Unfortunately that proved to be incorrect in a number of cases as the core kernel was calling the LSM lockdown hook in places where the credentials from the "current" task_struct were not the correct credentials to use in the SELinux access check. Attempts were made to resolve this by adding a credential pointer to the LSM lockdown hook as well as suggesting that the single hook be split into two: one for user tasks, one for kernel tasks; however neither approach was deemed acceptable by Linus. Faced with the prospect of either changing the subj/obj in the access check to a constant context (likely the kernel's label) or removing the SELinux lockdown check entirely, the SELinux community decided that removing the lockdown check was preferable. The supporting changes to the general LSM layer are left intact, this patch only removes the SELinux implementation. Acked-by: Ondrej Mosnacek <omosnace@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: Paul Moore <paul@paul-moore.com>
2021-09-28selinux: enable genfscon labeling for securityfsChristian Göttsche1-1/+2
Add support for genfscon per-file labeling of securityfs files. This allows for separate labels and thereby access control for different files. For example a genfscon statement genfscon securityfs /integrity/ima/policy \ system_u:object_r:ima_policy_t:s0 will set a private label to the IMA policy file and thus allow to control the ability to set the IMA policy. Setting labels directly with setxattr(2), e.g. by chcon(1) or setfiles(8), is still not supported. Signed-off-by: Christian Göttsche <cgzones@googlemail.com> [PM: line width fixes in the commit description] Signed-off-by: Paul Moore <paul@paul-moore.com>
2021-09-28Smack:- Use overlay inode label in smack_inode_copy_up()Vishal Goel1-1/+1
Currently in "smack_inode_copy_up()" function, process label is changed with the label on parent inode. Due to which, process is assigned directory label and whatever file or directory created by the process are also getting directory label which is wrong label. Changes has been done to use label of overlay inode instead of parent inode. Signed-off-by: Vishal Goel <vishal.goel@samsung.com> Signed-off-by: Casey Schaufler <casey@schaufler-ca.com>
2021-09-25hardening: Avoid harmless Clang option under CONFIG_INIT_STACK_ALL_ZEROKees Cook1-1/+4
Currently under Clang, CC_HAS_AUTO_VAR_INIT_ZERO requires an extra -enable flag compared to CC_HAS_AUTO_VAR_INIT_PATTERN. GCC 12[1] will not, and will happily ignore the Clang-specific flag. However, its presence on the command-line is both cumbersome and confusing. Due to GCC's tolerant behavior, though, we can continue to use a single Kconfig cc-option test for the feature on both compilers, but then drop the Clang-specific option in the Makefile. In other words, this patch does not change anything other than making the compiler command line shorter once GCC supports -ftrivial-auto-var-init=zero. [1] https://gcc.gnu.org/git/?p=gcc.git;a=commitdiff;h=a25e0b5e6ac8a77a71c229e0a7b744603365b0e9 Cc: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org> Cc: Masahiro Yamada <masahiroy@kernel.org> Cc: llvm@lists.linux.dev Fixes: dcb7c0b9461c ("hardening: Clarify Kconfig text for auto-var-init") Suggested-by: Will Deacon <will@kernel.org> Link: https://lore.kernel.org/lkml/20210914102837.6172-1-will@kernel.org/ Reviewed-by: Nick Desaulniers <ndesaulniers@google.com> Reviewed-by: Nathan Chancellor <nathan@kernel.org> Acked-by: Will Deacon <will@kernel.org> Signed-off-by: Kees Cook <keescook@chromium.org>
2021-09-25fortify: Explicitly disable Clang supportKees Cook1-0/+3
Clang has never correctly compiled the FORTIFY_SOURCE defenses due to a couple bugs: Eliding inlines with matching __builtin_* names https://bugs.llvm.org/show_bug.cgi?id=50322 Incorrect __builtin_constant_p() of some globals https://bugs.llvm.org/show_bug.cgi?id=41459 In the process of making improvements to the FORTIFY_SOURCE defenses, the first (silent) bug (coincidentally) becomes worked around, but exposes the latter which breaks the build. As such, Clang must not be used with CONFIG_FORTIFY_SOURCE until at least latter bug is fixed (in Clang 13), and the fortify routines have been rearranged. Update the Kconfig to reflect the reality of the current situation. Signed-off-by: Kees Cook <keescook@chromium.org> Acked-by: Nick Desaulniers <ndesaulniers@google.com> Link: https://lore.kernel.org/lkml/CAKwvOd=A+ueGV2ihdy5GtgR2fQbcXjjAtVxv3=cPjffpebZB7A@mail.gmail.com

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