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# SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only
menu "Kernel hardening options"

config GCC_PLUGIN_STRUCTLEAK
	bool
	help
	  While the kernel is built with warnings enabled for any missed
	  stack variable initializations, this warning is silenced for
	  anything passed by reference to another function, under the
	  occasionally misguided assumption that the function will do
	  the initialization. As this regularly leads to exploitable
	  flaws, this plugin is available to identify and zero-initialize
	  such variables, depending on the chosen level of coverage.

	  This plugin was originally ported from grsecurity/PaX. More
	  information at:
	   * https://grsecurity.net/
	   * https://pax.grsecurity.net/

menu "Memory initialization"

config CC_HAS_AUTO_VAR_INIT_PATTERN
	def_bool $(cc-option,-ftrivial-auto-var-init=pattern)

config CC_HAS_AUTO_VAR_INIT_ZERO
	def_bool $(cc-option,-ftrivial-auto-var-init=zero -enable-trivial-auto-var-init-zero-knowing-it-will-be-removed-from-clang)

choice
	prompt "Initialize kernel stack variables at function entry"
	default GCC_PLUGIN_STRUCTLEAK_BYREF_ALL if COMPILE_TEST && GCC_PLUGINS
	default INIT_STACK_ALL_PATTERN if COMPILE_TEST && CC_HAS_AUTO_VAR_INIT_PATTERN
	default INIT_STACK_NONE
	help
	  This option enables initialization of stack variables at
	  function entry time. This has the possibility to have the
	  greatest coverage (since all functions can have their
	  variables initialized), but the performance impact depends
	  on the function calling complexity of a given workload's
	  syscalls.

	  This chooses the level of coverage over classes of potentially
	  uninitialized variables. The selected class will be
	  initialized before use in a function.

	config INIT_STACK_NONE
		bool "no automatic initialization (weakest)"
		help
		  Disable automatic stack variable initialization.
		  This leaves the kernel vulnerable to the standard
		  classes of uninitialized stack variable exploits
		  and information exposures.

	config GCC_PLUGIN_STRUCTLEAK_USER
		bool "zero-init structs marked for userspace (weak)"
		depends on GCC_PLUGINS
		select GCC_PLUGIN_STRUCTLEAK
		help
		  Zero-initialize any structures on the stack containing
		  a __user attribute. This can prevent some classes of
		  uninitialized stack variable exploits and information
		  exposures, like CVE-2013-2141:
		  https://git.kernel.org/linus/b9e146d8eb3b9eca

	config GCC_PLUGIN_STRUCTLEAK_BYREF
		bool "zero-init structs passed by reference (strong)"
		depends on GCC_PLUGINS
		depends on !(KASAN && KASAN_STACK)
		select GCC_PLUGIN_STRUCTLEAK
		help
		  Zero-initialize any structures on the stack that may
		  be passed by reference and had not already been
		  explicitly initialized. This can prevent most classes
		  of uninitialized stack variable exploits and information
		  exposures, like CVE-2017-1000410:
		  https://git.kernel.org/linus/06e7e776ca4d3654

		  As a side-effect, this keeps a lot of variables on the
		  stack that can otherwise be optimized out, so combining
		  this with CONFIG_KASAN_STACK can lead to a stack overflow
		  and is disallowed.

	config GCC_PLUGIN_STRUCTLEAK_BYREF_ALL
		bool "zero-init anything passed by reference (very strong)"
		depends on GCC_PLUGINS
		depends on !(KASAN && KASAN_STACK)
		select GCC_PLUGIN_STRUCTLEAK
		help
		  Zero-initialize any stack variables that may be passed
		  by reference and had not already been explicitly
		  initialized. This is intended to eliminate all classes
		  of uninitialized stack variable exploits and information
		  exposures.

	config INIT_STACK_ALL_PATTERN
		bool "0xAA-init everything on the stack (strongest)"
		depends on CC_HAS_AUTO_VAR_INIT_PATTERN
		help
		  Initializes everything on the stack with a 0xAA
		  pattern. This is intended to eliminate all classes
		  of uninitialized stack variable exploits and information
		  exposures, even variables that were warned to have been
		  left uninitialized.

		  Pattern initialization is known to provoke many existing bugs
		  related to uninitialized locals, e.g. pointers receive
		  non-NULL values, buffer sizes and indices are very big.

	config INIT_STACK_ALL_ZERO
		bool "zero-init everything on the stack (strongest and safest)"
		depends on CC_HAS_AUTO_VAR_INIT_ZERO
		help
		  Initializes everything on the stack with a zero
		  value. This is intended to eliminate all classes
		  of uninitialized stack variable exploits and information
		  exposures, even variables that were warned to have been
		  left uninitialized.

		  Zero initialization provides safe defaults for strings,
		  pointers, indices and sizes, and is therefore
		  more suitable as a security mitigation measure.

endchoice

config GCC_PLUGIN_STRUCTLEAK_VERBOSE
	bool "Report forcefully initialized variables"
	depends on GCC_PLUGIN_STRUCTLEAK
	depends on !COMPILE_TEST	# too noisy
	help
	  This option will cause a warning to be printed each time the
	  structleak plugin finds a variable it thinks needs to be
	  initialized. Since not all existing initializers are detected
	  by the plugin, this can produce false positive warnings.

config GCC_PLUGIN_STACKLEAK
	bool "Poison kernel stack before returning from syscalls"
	depends on GCC_PLUGINS
	depends on HAVE_ARCH_STACKLEAK
	help
	  This option makes the kernel erase the kernel stack before
	  returning from system calls. This has the effect of leaving
	  the stack initialized to the poison value, which both reduces
	  the lifetime of any sensitive stack contents and reduces
	  potential for uninitialized stack variable exploits or information
	  exposures (it does not cover functions reaching the same stack
	  depth as prior functions during the same syscall). This blocks
	  most uninitialized stack variable attacks, with the performance
	  impact being driven by the depth of the stack usage, rather than
	  the function calling complexity.

	  The performance impact on a single CPU system kernel compilation
	  sees a 1% slowdown, other systems and workloads may vary and you
	  are advised to test this feature on your expected workload before
	  deploying it.

	  This plugin was ported from grsecurity/PaX. More information at:
	   * https://grsecurity.net/
	   * https://pax.grsecurity.net/

config STACKLEAK_TRACK_MIN_SIZE
	int "Minimum stack frame size of functions tracked by STACKLEAK"
	default 100
	range 0 4096
	depends on GCC_PLUGIN_STACKLEAK
	help
	  The STACKLEAK gcc plugin instruments the kernel code for tracking
	  the lowest border of the kernel stack (and for some other purposes).
	  It inserts the stackleak_track_stack() call for the functions with
	  a stack frame size greater than or equal to this parameter.
	  If unsure, leave the default value 100.

config STACKLEAK_METRICS
	bool "Show STACKLEAK metrics in the /proc file system"
	depends on GCC_PLUGIN_STACKLEAK
	depends on PROC_FS
	help
	  If this is set, STACKLEAK metrics for every task are available in
	  the /proc file system. In particular, /proc/<pid>/stack_depth
	  shows the maximum kernel stack consumption for the current and
	  previous syscalls. Although this information is not precise, it
	  can be useful for estimating the STACKLEAK performance impact for
	  your workloads.

config STACKLEAK_RUNTIME_DISABLE
	bool "Allow runtime disabling of kernel stack erasing"
	depends on GCC_PLUGIN_STACKLEAK
	help
	  This option provides 'stack_erasing' sysctl, which can be used in
	  runtime to control kernel stack erasing for kernels built with
	  CONFIG_GCC_PLUGIN_STACKLEAK.

config INIT_ON_ALLOC_DEFAULT_ON
	bool "Enable heap memory zeroing on allocation by default"
	help
	  This has the effect of setting "init_on_alloc=1" on the kernel
	  command line. This can be disabled with "init_on_alloc=0".
	  When "init_on_alloc" is enabled, all page allocator and slab
	  allocator memory will be zeroed when allocated, eliminating
	  many kinds of "uninitialized heap memory" flaws, especially
	  heap content exposures. The performance impact varies by
	  workload, but most cases see <1% impact. Some synthetic
	  workloads have measured as high as 7%.

config INIT_ON_FREE_DEFAULT_ON
	bool "Enable heap memory zeroing on free by default"
	help
	  This has the effect of setting "init_on_free=1" on the kernel
	  command line. This can be disabled with "init_on_free=0".
	  Similar to "init_on_alloc", when "init_on_free" is enabled,
	  all page allocator and slab allocator memory will be zeroed
	  when freed, eliminating many kinds of "uninitialized heap memory"
	  flaws, especially heap content exposures. The primary difference
	  with "init_on_free" is that data lifetime in memory is reduced,
	  as anything freed is wiped immediately, making live forensics or
	  cold boot memory attacks unable to recover freed memory contents.
	  The performance impact varies by workload, but is more expensive
	  than "init_on_alloc" due to the negative cache effects of
	  touching "cold" memory areas. Most cases see 3-5% impact. Some
	  synthetic workloads have measured as high as 8%.

endmenu

endmenu

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